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Published: Nov 10, 2022 License: BSD-3-Clause Imports: 5 Imported by: 28



Package utf32 provides the UTF-32 Unicode encoding.

Please note that support for UTF-32 is discouraged as it is a rare and inefficient encoding, unfit for use as an interchange format. For use on the web, the W3C strongly discourages its use (https://www.w3.org/TR/html5/document-metadata.html#charset) while WHATWG directly prohibits supporting it (https://html.spec.whatwg.org/multipage/syntax.html#character-encodings).



This section is empty.


All lists a configuration for each IANA-defined UTF-32 variant.

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var ErrMissingBOM = errors.New("encoding: missing byte order mark")

ErrMissingBOM means that decoding UTF-32 input with ExpectBOM did not find a starting byte order mark.


func UTF32

UTF32 returns a UTF-32 Encoding for the given default endianness and byte order mark (BOM) policy.

When decoding from UTF-32 to UTF-8, if the BOMPolicy is IgnoreBOM then neither BOMs U+FEFF nor ill-formed code units 0xFFFE0000 in the input stream will affect the endianness used for decoding. Instead BOMs will be output as their standard UTF-8 encoding "\xef\xbb\xbf" while 0xFFFE0000 code units will be output as "\xef\xbf\xbd", the standard UTF-8 encoding for the Unicode replacement character. If the BOMPolicy is UseBOM or ExpectBOM a starting BOM is not written to the UTF-8 output. Instead, it overrides the default endianness e for the remainder of the transformation. Any subsequent BOMs U+FEFF or ill-formed code units 0xFFFE0000 will not affect the endianness used, and will instead be output as their standard UTF-8 (replacement) encodings. For UseBOM, if there is no starting BOM, it will proceed with the default Endianness. For ExpectBOM, in that case, the transformation will return early with an ErrMissingBOM error.

When encoding from UTF-8 to UTF-32, a BOM will be inserted at the start of the output if the BOMPolicy is UseBOM or ExpectBOM. Otherwise, a BOM will not be inserted. The UTF-8 input does not need to contain a BOM.

There is no concept of a 'native' endianness. If the UTF-32 data is produced and consumed in a greater context that implies a certain endianness, use IgnoreBOM. Otherwise, use ExpectBOM and always produce and consume a BOM.

In the language of https://www.unicode.org/faq/utf_bom.html#bom10, IgnoreBOM corresponds to "Where the precise type of the data stream is known... the BOM should not be used" and ExpectBOM corresponds to "A particular protocol... may require use of the BOM".


type BOMPolicy

type BOMPolicy uint8

BOMPolicy is a UTF-32 encodings's byte order mark policy.

const (

	// IgnoreBOM means to ignore any byte order marks.
	IgnoreBOM BOMPolicy = 0

	// UseBOM means that the UTF-32 form may start with a byte order mark,
	// which will be used to override the default encoding.
	UseBOM BOMPolicy = writeBOM | acceptBOM

	// ExpectBOM means that the UTF-32 form must start with a byte order mark,
	// which will be used to override the default encoding.
	ExpectBOM BOMPolicy = writeBOM | acceptBOM | requireBOM

type Endianness

type Endianness bool

Endianness is a UTF-32 encoding's default endianness.

const (
	// BigEndian is UTF-32BE.
	BigEndian Endianness = false
	// LittleEndian is UTF-32LE.
	LittleEndian Endianness = true

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