CI GoDev Coverage Status


Package stun implements Session Traversal Utilities for NAT (STUN) [RFC5389] protocol and client with no external dependencies and zero allocations in hot paths. Client supports automatic request retransmissions. Complies to gortc principles as core package.

See example and stun server for simple usage. Also see gortc/turn for TURN [RFC5766] implementation and gortcd for TURN and STUN server. This repo was merged to pion/stun at version v1.19.0.


You can get your current IP address from any STUN server by sending binding request. See more idiomatic example at cmd/stun-client.

package main

import (


func main() {
	// Creating a "connection" to STUN server.
	c, err := stun.Dial("udp", "")
	if err != nil {
	// Building binding request with random transaction id.
	message := stun.MustBuild(stun.TransactionID, stun.BindingRequest)
	// Sending request to STUN server, waiting for response message.
	if err := c.Do(message, func(res stun.Event) {
		if res.Error != nil {
		// Decoding XOR-MAPPED-ADDRESS attribute from message.
		var xorAddr stun.XORMappedAddress
		if err := xorAddr.GetFrom(res.Message); err != nil {
		fmt.Println("your IP is", xorAddr.IP)
	}); err != nil {

Supported RFCs

Stability stability-mature GitHub tag

Package is currently stable, no backward incompatible changes are expected with exception of critical bugs or security fixes.

Additional attributes are unlikely to be implemented in scope of stun package, the only exception is constants for attribute or message types.

RFC 3489 notes

RFC 5389 obsoletes RFC 3489, so implementation was ignored by purpose, however, RFC 3489 can be easily implemented as separate package.


Go 1.14 is currently supported and tested in CI. Should work on 1.13.


Client behavior is tested and verified in many ways:

  • End-To-End with long-term credentials
    • coturn: The coturn server (linux)
  • Bunch of code static checkers (linters)
  • Standard unit-tests with coverage reporting (linux {amd64, arm64}, windows and darwin)
  • Explicit API backward compatibility check, see api directory

See TeamCity project and e2e directory for more information. Also the Wireshark .pcap files are available for e2e test in artifacts for build.


Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-8700K:

version: 1.22.2
goos: linux
goarch: amd64
benchmark                                         iter       time/iter      throughput   bytes alloc        allocs
---------                                         ----       ---------      ----------   -----------        ------
BenchmarkMappedAddress_AddTo-12               32489450     38.30 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkAlternateServer_AddTo-12             31230991     39.00 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkAgent_GC-12                            431390   2918.00 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkAgent_Process-12                     35901940     36.20 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkMessage_GetNotFound-12              242004358      5.19 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkMessage_Get-12                      230520343      5.21 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkClient_Do-12                          1282231    943.00 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkErrorCode_AddTo-12                   16318916     75.50 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkErrorCodeAttribute_AddTo-12          21584140     54.80 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkErrorCodeAttribute_GetFrom-12       100000000     11.10 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkFingerprint_AddTo-12                 19368768     64.00 ns/op     687.81 MB/s        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkFingerprint_Check-12                 24167007     49.10 ns/op    1057.99 MB/s        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkBuildOverhead/Build-12                5486252    224.00 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkBuildOverhead/BuildNonPointer-12      2496544    517.00 ns/op                      100 B/op   4 allocs/op
BenchmarkBuildOverhead/Raw-12                  6652118    181.00 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkMessage_ForEach-12                   28254212     35.90 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkMessageIntegrity_AddTo-12             1000000   1179.00 ns/op      16.96 MB/s        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkMessageIntegrity_Check-12              975954   1219.00 ns/op      26.24 MB/s        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkMessage_Write-12                     41040598     30.40 ns/op     922.13 MB/s        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkMessageType_Value-12               1000000000      0.53 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkMessage_WriteTo-12                   94942935     11.30 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkMessage_ReadFrom-12                  43437718     29.30 ns/op     682.87 MB/s        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkMessage_ReadBytes-12                 74693397     15.90 ns/op    1257.42 MB/s        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkIsMessage-12                       1000000000      1.20 ns/op   16653.64 MB/s        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkMessage_NewTransactionID-12            521121   2450.00 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkMessageFull-12                        5389495    221.00 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkMessageFullHardcore-12               12715876     94.40 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkMessage_WriteHeader-12              100000000     11.60 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkMessage_CloneTo-12                   30199020     41.80 ns/op    1626.66 MB/s        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkMessage_AddTo-12                    415257625      2.97 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkDecode-12                            49573747     23.60 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkUsername_AddTo-12                    56282674     22.50 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkUsername_GetFrom-12                 100000000     10.10 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkNonce_AddTo-12                       39419097     35.80 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkNonce_AddTo_BadLength-12            196291666      6.04 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkNonce_GetFrom-12                    120857732      9.93 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkUnknownAttributes/AddTo-12           28881430     37.20 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkUnknownAttributes/GetFrom-12         64907534     19.80 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkXOR-12                               32868506     32.20 ns/op   31836.66 MB/s
BenchmarkXORSafe-12                            5185776    234.00 ns/op    4378.74 MB/s
BenchmarkXORFast-12                           30975679     32.50 ns/op   31525.28 MB/s
BenchmarkXORMappedAddress_AddTo-12            21518028     54.50 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
BenchmarkXORMappedAddress_GetFrom-12          35597667     34.40 ns/op                        0 B/op   0 allocs/op
ok   60.973s


BSD 3-Clause License

Expand ▾ Collapse ▴



    Package stun implements Session Traversal Utilities for NAT (STUN) RFC 5389.

    The stun package is intended to use by package that implements extension to STUN (e.g. TURN) or client/server applications.

    Most methods are designed to be zero allocations. If it is not enough, low-level methods are available. On other hand, there are helpers that reduce code repeat.

    See examples for Message for basic usage, or package for example of stun extension implementation.




    View Source
    const (
    	DefaultPort    = 3478
    	DefaultTLSPort = 5349

      IANA assigned ports for "stun" protocol.

      View Source
      const (
      	Scheme       = "stun"
      	SchemeSecure = "stuns"

        Scheme definitions from RFC 7064 Section 3.2.

        View Source
        const (
        	// DEPRECATED, use CodeUnauthorized.
        	CodeUnauthorised = CodeUnauthorized

          DEPRECATED constants.

          View Source
          const (
          	// TransactionIDSize is length of transaction id array (in bytes).
          	TransactionIDSize = 12 // 96 bit


          View Source
          var (
          	// ErrTransactionStopped indicates that transaction was manually stopped.
          	ErrTransactionStopped = errors.New("transaction is stopped")
          	// ErrTransactionNotExists indicates that agent failed to find transaction.
          	ErrTransactionNotExists = errors.New("transaction not exists")
          	// ErrTransactionExists indicates that transaction with same id is already
          	// registered.
          	ErrTransactionExists = errors.New("transaction exists with same id")
          View Source
          var (
          	// Binding request message type.
          	BindingRequest = NewType(MethodBinding, ClassRequest)
          	// Binding success response message type.
          	BindingSuccess = NewType(MethodBinding, ClassSuccessResponse)
          	// Binding error response message type.
          	BindingError = NewType(MethodBinding, ClassErrorResponse)

            Common STUN message types.

            View Source
            var ErrAgentClosed = errors.New("agent is closed")

              ErrAgentClosed indicates that agent is in closed state and is unable to handle transactions.

              View Source
              var ErrAttributeNotFound = errors.New("attribute not found")

                ErrAttributeNotFound means that attribute with provided attribute type does not exist in message.

                View Source
                var ErrAttributeSizeInvalid = errors.New("attribute size is invalid")

                  ErrAttributeSizeInvalid means that decoded attribute size is invalid.

                  View Source
                  var ErrAttributeSizeOverflow = errors.New("attribute size overflow")

                    ErrAttributeSizeOverflow means that decoded attribute size is too big.

                    View Source
                    var ErrBadIPLength = errors.New("invalid length of IP value")

                      ErrBadIPLength means that len(IP) is not net.{IPv6len,IPv4len}.

                      View Source
                      var ErrBadUnknownAttrsSize = errors.New("bad UNKNOWN-ATTRIBUTES size")

                        ErrBadUnknownAttrsSize means that UNKNOWN-ATTRIBUTES attribute value has invalid length.

                        View Source
                        var ErrClientClosed = errors.New("client is closed")

                          ErrClientClosed indicates that client is closed.

                          View Source
                          var ErrClientNotInitialized = errors.New("client not initialized")

                            ErrClientNotInitialized means that client connection or agent is nil.

                            View Source
                            var ErrDecodeToNil = errors.New("attempt to decode to nil message")

                              ErrDecodeToNil occurs on Decode(data, nil) call.

                              View Source
                              var ErrFingerprintBeforeIntegrity = errors.New("FINGERPRINT before MESSAGE-INTEGRITY attribute")

                                ErrFingerprintBeforeIntegrity means that FINGERPRINT attribute is already in message, so MESSAGE-INTEGRITY attribute cannot be added.

                                View Source
                                var ErrFingerprintMismatch = errors.New("fingerprint check failed")

                                  ErrFingerprintMismatch means that computed fingerprint differs from expected.

                                  View Source
                                  var ErrIntegrityMismatch = errors.New("integrity check failed")

                                    ErrIntegrityMismatch means that computed HMAC differs from expected.

                                    View Source
                                    var ErrNoConnection = errors.New("no connection provided")

                                      ErrNoConnection means that ClientOptions.Connection is nil.

                                      View Source
                                      var ErrNoDefaultReason = errors.New("no default reason for ErrorCode")

                                        ErrNoDefaultReason means that default reason for provided error code is not defined in RFC.

                                        View Source
                                        var ErrTransactionTimeOut = errors.New("transaction is timed out")

                                          ErrTransactionTimeOut indicates that transaction has reached deadline.

                                          View Source
                                          var ErrUnexpectedHeaderEOF = errors.New("unexpected EOF: not enough bytes to read header")

                                            ErrUnexpectedHeaderEOF means that there were not enough bytes in m.Raw to read header.


                                            func CheckOverflow

                                            func CheckOverflow(_ AttrType, got, max int) error

                                              CheckOverflow returns ErrAttributeSizeOverflow if got is bigger that max.

                                              func CheckSize

                                              func CheckSize(_ AttrType, got, expected int) error

                                                CheckSize returns ErrAttrSizeInvalid if got is not equal to expected.

                                                func Decode

                                                func Decode(data []byte, m *Message) error

                                                  Decode decodes Message from data to m, returning error if any.

                                                  func FingerprintValue

                                                  func FingerprintValue(b []byte) uint32

                                                    FingerprintValue returns CRC-32 of b XOR-ed by 0x5354554e.

                                                    The value of the attribute is computed as the CRC-32 of the STUN message up to (but excluding) the FINGERPRINT attribute itself, XOR'ed with the 32-bit value 0x5354554e (the XOR helps in cases where an application packet is also using CRC-32 in it).

                                                    func IsAttrSizeInvalid

                                                    func IsAttrSizeInvalid(err error) bool

                                                      IsAttrSizeInvalid returns true if error means that attribute size is invalid.

                                                      func IsAttrSizeOverflow

                                                      func IsAttrSizeOverflow(err error) bool

                                                        IsAttrSizeOverflow returns true if error means that attribute size is too big.

                                                        func IsMessage

                                                        func IsMessage(b []byte) bool

                                                          IsMessage returns true if b looks like STUN message. Useful for multiplexing. IsMessage does not guarantee that decoding will be successful.

                                                          func NewTransactionID

                                                          func NewTransactionID() (b [TransactionIDSize]byte)

                                                            NewTransactionID returns new random transaction ID using crypto/rand as source.

                                                            func WithNoRetransmit

                                                            func WithNoRetransmit(c *Client)

                                                              WithNoRetransmit disables retransmissions and sets RTO to defaultMaxAttempts * defaultRTO which will be effectively time out if not set.

                                                              Useful for TCP connections where transport handles RTO.


                                                              type Agent

                                                              type Agent struct {
                                                              	// contains filtered or unexported fields

                                                                Agent is low-level abstraction over transaction list that handles concurrency (all calls are goroutine-safe) and time outs (via Collect call).

                                                                func NewAgent

                                                                func NewAgent(h Handler) *Agent

                                                                  NewAgent initializes and returns new Agent with provided handler. If h is nil, the NoopHandler will be used.

                                                                  func (*Agent) Close

                                                                  func (a *Agent) Close() error

                                                                    Close terminates all transactions with ErrAgentClosed and renders Agent to closed state.

                                                                    func (*Agent) Collect

                                                                    func (a *Agent) Collect(gcTime time.Time) error

                                                                      Collect terminates all transactions that have deadline before provided time, blocking until all handlers will process ErrTransactionTimeOut. Will return ErrAgentClosed if agent is already closed.

                                                                      It is safe to call Collect concurrently but makes no sense.

                                                                      func (*Agent) Process

                                                                      func (a *Agent) Process(m *Message) error

                                                                        Process incoming message, synchronously passing it to handler.

                                                                        func (*Agent) SetHandler

                                                                        func (a *Agent) SetHandler(h Handler) error

                                                                          SetHandler sets agent handler to h.

                                                                          func (*Agent) Start

                                                                          func (a *Agent) Start(id [TransactionIDSize]byte, deadline time.Time) error

                                                                            Start registers transaction with provided id and deadline. Could return ErrAgentClosed, ErrTransactionExists.

                                                                            Agent handler is guaranteed to be eventually called.

                                                                            func (*Agent) Stop

                                                                            func (a *Agent) Stop(id [TransactionIDSize]byte) error

                                                                              Stop stops transaction by id with ErrTransactionStopped, blocking until handler returns.

                                                                              func (*Agent) StopWithError

                                                                              func (a *Agent) StopWithError(id [TransactionIDSize]byte, err error) error

                                                                                StopWithError removes transaction from list and calls handler with provided error. Can return ErrTransactionNotExists and ErrAgentClosed.

                                                                                type AlternateServer

                                                                                type AlternateServer struct {
                                                                                	IP   net.IP
                                                                                	Port int

                                                                                  AlternateServer represents ALTERNATE-SERVER attribute.

                                                                                  RFC 5389 Section 15.11

                                                                                  func (*AlternateServer) AddTo

                                                                                  func (s *AlternateServer) AddTo(m *Message) error

                                                                                    AddTo adds ALTERNATE-SERVER attribute to message.

                                                                                    func (*AlternateServer) GetFrom

                                                                                    func (s *AlternateServer) GetFrom(m *Message) error

                                                                                      GetFrom decodes ALTERNATE-SERVER from message.

                                                                                      type AttrType

                                                                                      type AttrType uint16

                                                                                        AttrType is attribute type.

                                                                                        const (
                                                                                        	AttrMappedAddress     AttrType = 0x0001 // MAPPED-ADDRESS
                                                                                        	AttrUsername          AttrType = 0x0006 // USERNAME
                                                                                        	AttrMessageIntegrity  AttrType = 0x0008 // MESSAGE-INTEGRITY
                                                                                        	AttrErrorCode         AttrType = 0x0009 // ERROR-CODE
                                                                                        	AttrUnknownAttributes AttrType = 0x000A // UNKNOWN-ATTRIBUTES
                                                                                        	AttrRealm             AttrType = 0x0014 // REALM
                                                                                        	AttrNonce             AttrType = 0x0015 // NONCE
                                                                                        	AttrXORMappedAddress  AttrType = 0x0020 // XOR-MAPPED-ADDRESS

                                                                                          Attributes from comprehension-required range (0x0000-0x7FFF).

                                                                                          const (
                                                                                          	AttrSoftware        AttrType = 0x8022 // SOFTWARE
                                                                                          	AttrAlternateServer AttrType = 0x8023 // ALTERNATE-SERVER
                                                                                          	AttrFingerprint     AttrType = 0x8028 // FINGERPRINT

                                                                                            Attributes from comprehension-optional range (0x8000-0xFFFF).

                                                                                            const (
                                                                                            	AttrPriority       AttrType = 0x0024 // PRIORITY
                                                                                            	AttrUseCandidate   AttrType = 0x0025 // USE-CANDIDATE
                                                                                            	AttrICEControlled  AttrType = 0x8029 // ICE-CONTROLLED
                                                                                            	AttrICEControlling AttrType = 0x802A // ICE-CONTROLLING

                                                                                              Attributes from RFC 5245 ICE.

                                                                                              const (
                                                                                              	AttrChannelNumber      AttrType = 0x000C // CHANNEL-NUMBER
                                                                                              	AttrLifetime           AttrType = 0x000D // LIFETIME
                                                                                              	AttrXORPeerAddress     AttrType = 0x0012 // XOR-PEER-ADDRESS
                                                                                              	AttrData               AttrType = 0x0013 // DATA
                                                                                              	AttrXORRelayedAddress  AttrType = 0x0016 // XOR-RELAYED-ADDRESS
                                                                                              	AttrEvenPort           AttrType = 0x0018 // EVEN-PORT
                                                                                              	AttrRequestedTransport AttrType = 0x0019 // REQUESTED-TRANSPORT
                                                                                              	AttrDontFragment       AttrType = 0x001A // DONT-FRAGMENT
                                                                                              	AttrReservationToken   AttrType = 0x0022 // RESERVATION-TOKEN

                                                                                                Attributes from RFC 5766 TURN.

                                                                                                const (
                                                                                                	AttrMessageIntegritySHA256 AttrType = 0x001C // MESSAGE-INTEGRITY-SHA256
                                                                                                	AttrPasswordAlgorithm      AttrType = 0x001D // PASSWORD-ALGORITHM
                                                                                                	AttrUserhash               AttrType = 0x001E // USERHASH
                                                                                                	AttrPasswordAlgorithms     AttrType = 0x8002 // PASSWORD-ALGORITHMS
                                                                                                	AttrAlternateDomain        AttrType = 0x8003 // ALTERNATE-DOMAIN

                                                                                                  Attributes from RFC 8489 STUN.

                                                                                                  const (
                                                                                                  	AttrConnectionID AttrType = 0x002a // CONNECTION-ID

                                                                                                    Attributes from RFC 6062 TURN Extensions for TCP Allocations.

                                                                                                    const (
                                                                                                    	AttrOrigin AttrType = 0x802F

                                                                                                      Attributes from An Origin Attribute for the STUN Protocol.

                                                                                                      const (
                                                                                                      	AttrRequestedAddressFamily AttrType = 0x0017 // REQUESTED-ADDRESS-FAMILY

                                                                                                        Attributes from RFC 6156 TURN IPv6.

                                                                                                        func (AttrType) Optional

                                                                                                        func (t AttrType) Optional() bool

                                                                                                          Optional returns true if type is from comprehension-optional range (0x8000-0xFFFF).

                                                                                                          func (AttrType) Required

                                                                                                          func (t AttrType) Required() bool

                                                                                                            Required returns true if type is from comprehension-required range (0x0000-0x7FFF).

                                                                                                            func (AttrType) String

                                                                                                            func (t AttrType) String() string

                                                                                                            func (AttrType) Value

                                                                                                            func (t AttrType) Value() uint16

                                                                                                              Value returns uint16 representation of attribute type.

                                                                                                              type Attributes

                                                                                                              type Attributes []RawAttribute

                                                                                                                Attributes is list of message attributes.

                                                                                                                func (Attributes) Get

                                                                                                                func (a Attributes) Get(t AttrType) (RawAttribute, bool)

                                                                                                                  Get returns first attribute from list by the type. If attribute is present the RawAttribute is returned and the boolean is true. Otherwise the returned RawAttribute will be empty and boolean will be false.

                                                                                                                  type Checker

                                                                                                                  type Checker interface {
                                                                                                                  	Check(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                    Checker checks *Message attribute.

                                                                                                                    type Client

                                                                                                                    type Client struct {
                                                                                                                    	// contains filtered or unexported fields

                                                                                                                      Client simulates "connection" to STUN server.

                                                                                                                      func Dial

                                                                                                                      func Dial(network, address string) (*Client, error)

                                                                                                                        Dial connects to the address on the named network and then initializes Client on that connection, returning error if any.

                                                                                                                        func NewClient

                                                                                                                        func NewClient(conn Connection, options ...ClientOption) (*Client, error)

                                                                                                                          NewClient initializes new Client from provided options, starting internal goroutines and using default options fields if necessary. Call Close method after using Client to close conn and release resources.

                                                                                                                          The conn will be closed on Close call. Use WithNoConnClose option to prevent that.

                                                                                                                          Note that user should handle the protocol multiplexing, client does not provide any API for it, so if you need to read application data, wrap the connection with your (de-)multiplexer and pass the wrapper as conn.

                                                                                                                          func (*Client) Close

                                                                                                                          func (c *Client) Close() error

                                                                                                                            Close stops internal connection and agent, returning CloseErr on error.

                                                                                                                            func (*Client) Do

                                                                                                                            func (c *Client) Do(m *Message, f func(Event)) error

                                                                                                                              Do is Start wrapper that waits until callback is called. If no callback provided, Indicate is called instead.

                                                                                                                              Do has cpu overhead due to blocking, see BenchmarkClient_Do. Use Start method for less overhead.

                                                                                                                              func (*Client) Indicate

                                                                                                                              func (c *Client) Indicate(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                Indicate sends indication m to server. Shorthand to Start call with zero deadline and callback.

                                                                                                                                func (*Client) SetRTO

                                                                                                                                func (c *Client) SetRTO(rto time.Duration)

                                                                                                                                  SetRTO sets current RTO value.

                                                                                                                                  func (*Client) Start

                                                                                                                                  func (c *Client) Start(m *Message, h Handler) error

                                                                                                                                    Start starts transaction (if h set) and writes message to server, handler is called asynchronously.

                                                                                                                                    type ClientAgent

                                                                                                                                    type ClientAgent interface {
                                                                                                                                    	Process(*Message) error
                                                                                                                                    	Close() error
                                                                                                                                    	Start(id [TransactionIDSize]byte, deadline time.Time) error
                                                                                                                                    	Stop(id [TransactionIDSize]byte) error
                                                                                                                                    	Collect(time.Time) error
                                                                                                                                    	SetHandler(h Handler) error

                                                                                                                                      ClientAgent is Agent implementation that is used by Client to process transactions.

                                                                                                                                      type ClientOption

                                                                                                                                      type ClientOption func(c *Client)

                                                                                                                                        ClientOption sets some client option.

                                                                                                                                        var WithNoConnClose ClientOption = func(c *Client) {
                                                                                                                                        	c.closeConn = false

                                                                                                                                          WithNoConnClose prevents client from closing underlying connection when the Close() method is called.

                                                                                                                                          func WithAgent

                                                                                                                                          func WithAgent(a ClientAgent) ClientOption

                                                                                                                                            WithAgent sets client STUN agent.

                                                                                                                                            Defaults to agent implementation in current package, see agent.go.

                                                                                                                                            func WithClock

                                                                                                                                            func WithClock(clock Clock) ClientOption

                                                                                                                                              WithClock sets Clock of client, the source of current time. Also clock is passed to default collector if set.

                                                                                                                                              func WithCollector

                                                                                                                                              func WithCollector(coll Collector) ClientOption

                                                                                                                                                WithCollector rests client timeout collector, the implementation of ticker which calls function on each tick.

                                                                                                                                                func WithHandler

                                                                                                                                                func WithHandler(h Handler) ClientOption

                                                                                                                                                  WithHandler sets client handler which is called if Agent emits the Event with TransactionID that is not currently registered by Client. Useful for handling Data indications from TURN server.

                                                                                                                                                  func WithRTO

                                                                                                                                                  func WithRTO(rto time.Duration) ClientOption

                                                                                                                                                    WithRTO sets client RTO as defined in STUN RFC.

                                                                                                                                                    func WithTimeoutRate

                                                                                                                                                    func WithTimeoutRate(d time.Duration) ClientOption

                                                                                                                                                      WithTimeoutRate sets RTO timer minimum resolution.

                                                                                                                                                      type Clock

                                                                                                                                                      type Clock interface {
                                                                                                                                                      	Now() time.Time

                                                                                                                                                        Clock abstracts the source of current time.

                                                                                                                                                        type CloseErr

                                                                                                                                                        type CloseErr struct {
                                                                                                                                                        	AgentErr      error
                                                                                                                                                        	ConnectionErr error

                                                                                                                                                          CloseErr indicates client close failure.

                                                                                                                                                          func (CloseErr) Error

                                                                                                                                                          func (c CloseErr) Error() string

                                                                                                                                                          type Collector

                                                                                                                                                          type Collector interface {
                                                                                                                                                          	Start(rate time.Duration, f func(now time.Time)) error
                                                                                                                                                          	Close() error

                                                                                                                                                            Collector calls function f with constant rate.

                                                                                                                                                            The simple Collector is ticker which calls function on each tick.

                                                                                                                                                            type Connection

                                                                                                                                                            type Connection interface {

                                                                                                                                                              Connection wraps Reader, Writer and Closer interfaces.

                                                                                                                                                              type DecodeErr

                                                                                                                                                              type DecodeErr struct {
                                                                                                                                                              	Place   DecodeErrPlace
                                                                                                                                                              	Message string

                                                                                                                                                                DecodeErr records an error and place when it is occurred.

                                                                                                                                                                func (DecodeErr) Error

                                                                                                                                                                func (e DecodeErr) Error() string

                                                                                                                                                                func (DecodeErr) IsInvalidCookie

                                                                                                                                                                func (e DecodeErr) IsInvalidCookie() bool

                                                                                                                                                                  IsInvalidCookie returns true if error means that magic cookie value is invalid.

                                                                                                                                                                  func (DecodeErr) IsPlace

                                                                                                                                                                  func (e DecodeErr) IsPlace(p DecodeErrPlace) bool

                                                                                                                                                                    IsPlace reports if error place is p.

                                                                                                                                                                    func (DecodeErr) IsPlaceChildren

                                                                                                                                                                    func (e DecodeErr) IsPlaceChildren(c string) bool

                                                                                                                                                                      IsPlaceChildren reports if error place children is c.

                                                                                                                                                                      func (DecodeErr) IsPlaceParent

                                                                                                                                                                      func (e DecodeErr) IsPlaceParent(p string) bool

                                                                                                                                                                        IsPlaceParent reports if error place parent is p.

                                                                                                                                                                        type DecodeErrPlace

                                                                                                                                                                        type DecodeErrPlace struct {
                                                                                                                                                                        	Parent   string
                                                                                                                                                                        	Children string

                                                                                                                                                                          DecodeErrPlace records a place where error is occurred.

                                                                                                                                                                          func (DecodeErrPlace) String

                                                                                                                                                                          func (p DecodeErrPlace) String() string

                                                                                                                                                                          type ErrorCode

                                                                                                                                                                          type ErrorCode int

                                                                                                                                                                            ErrorCode is code for ERROR-CODE attribute.

                                                                                                                                                                            const (
                                                                                                                                                                            	CodeTryAlternate     ErrorCode = 300
                                                                                                                                                                            	CodeBadRequest       ErrorCode = 400
                                                                                                                                                                            	CodeUnauthorized     ErrorCode = 401
                                                                                                                                                                            	CodeUnknownAttribute ErrorCode = 420
                                                                                                                                                                            	CodeStaleNonce       ErrorCode = 438
                                                                                                                                                                            	CodeRoleConflict     ErrorCode = 487
                                                                                                                                                                            	CodeServerError      ErrorCode = 500

                                                                                                                                                                              Possible error codes.

                                                                                                                                                                              const (
                                                                                                                                                                              	CodeForbidden             ErrorCode = 403 // Forbidden
                                                                                                                                                                              	CodeAllocMismatch         ErrorCode = 437 // Allocation Mismatch
                                                                                                                                                                              	CodeWrongCredentials      ErrorCode = 441 // Wrong Credentials
                                                                                                                                                                              	CodeUnsupportedTransProto ErrorCode = 442 // Unsupported Transport Protocol
                                                                                                                                                                              	CodeAllocQuotaReached     ErrorCode = 486 // Allocation Quota Reached
                                                                                                                                                                              	CodeInsufficientCapacity  ErrorCode = 508 // Insufficient Capacity

                                                                                                                                                                                Error codes from RFC 5766.

                                                                                                                                                                                RFC 5766 Section 15

                                                                                                                                                                                const (
                                                                                                                                                                                	CodeConnAlreadyExists    ErrorCode = 446
                                                                                                                                                                                	CodeConnTimeoutOrFailure ErrorCode = 447

                                                                                                                                                                                  Error codes from RFC 6062.

                                                                                                                                                                                  RFC 6062 Section 6.3

                                                                                                                                                                                  const (
                                                                                                                                                                                  	CodeAddrFamilyNotSupported ErrorCode = 440 // Address Family not Supported
                                                                                                                                                                                  	CodePeerAddrFamilyMismatch ErrorCode = 443 // Peer Address Family Mismatch

                                                                                                                                                                                    Error codes from RFC 6156.

                                                                                                                                                                                    RFC 6156 Section 10.2

                                                                                                                                                                                    func (ErrorCode) AddTo

                                                                                                                                                                                    func (c ErrorCode) AddTo(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                      AddTo adds ERROR-CODE with default reason to m. If there is no default reason, returns ErrNoDefaultReason.

                                                                                                                                                                                      type ErrorCodeAttribute

                                                                                                                                                                                      type ErrorCodeAttribute struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                      	Code   ErrorCode
                                                                                                                                                                                      	Reason []byte

                                                                                                                                                                                        ErrorCodeAttribute represents ERROR-CODE attribute.

                                                                                                                                                                                        RFC 5389 Section 15.6

                                                                                                                                                                                        func (ErrorCodeAttribute) AddTo

                                                                                                                                                                                        func (c ErrorCodeAttribute) AddTo(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                          AddTo adds ERROR-CODE to m.

                                                                                                                                                                                          func (*ErrorCodeAttribute) GetFrom

                                                                                                                                                                                          func (c *ErrorCodeAttribute) GetFrom(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                            GetFrom decodes ERROR-CODE from m. Reason is valid until m.Raw is valid.

                                                                                                                                                                                            func (ErrorCodeAttribute) String

                                                                                                                                                                                            func (c ErrorCodeAttribute) String() string

                                                                                                                                                                                            type Event

                                                                                                                                                                                            type Event struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                            	TransactionID [TransactionIDSize]byte
                                                                                                                                                                                            	Message       *Message
                                                                                                                                                                                            	Error         error

                                                                                                                                                                                              Event is passed to Handler describing the transaction event. Do not reuse outside Handler.

                                                                                                                                                                                              type FingerprintAttr

                                                                                                                                                                                              type FingerprintAttr struct{}

                                                                                                                                                                                                FingerprintAttr represents FINGERPRINT attribute.

                                                                                                                                                                                                RFC 5389 Section 15.5

                                                                                                                                                                                                var Fingerprint FingerprintAttr

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Fingerprint is shorthand for FingerprintAttr.


                                                                                                                                                                                                  m := New()

                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (FingerprintAttr) AddTo

                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (FingerprintAttr) AddTo(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                    AddTo adds fingerprint to message.

                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (FingerprintAttr) Check

                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (FingerprintAttr) Check(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Check reads fingerprint value from m and checks it, returning error if any. Can return *AttrLengthErr, ErrAttributeNotFound, and *CRCMismatch.

                                                                                                                                                                                                      type Getter

                                                                                                                                                                                                      type Getter interface {
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	GetFrom(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Getter parses attribute from *Message.

                                                                                                                                                                                                        type Handler

                                                                                                                                                                                                        type Handler func(e Event)

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Handler handles state changes of transaction.

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Handler is called on transaction state change. Usage of e is valid only during call, user must copy needed fields explicitly.

                                                                                                                                                                                                          var NoopHandler Handler = func(e Event) {}

                                                                                                                                                                                                            NoopHandler just discards any event.

                                                                                                                                                                                                            type MappedAddress

                                                                                                                                                                                                            type MappedAddress struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                                            	IP   net.IP
                                                                                                                                                                                                            	Port int

                                                                                                                                                                                                              MappedAddress represents MAPPED-ADDRESS attribute.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              This attribute is used only by servers for achieving backwards compatibility with RFC 3489 clients.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              RFC 5389 Section 15.1

                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (*MappedAddress) AddTo

                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (a *MappedAddress) AddTo(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                AddTo adds MAPPED-ADDRESS to message.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (*MappedAddress) GetFrom

                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (a *MappedAddress) GetFrom(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  GetFrom decodes MAPPED-ADDRESS from message.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (MappedAddress) String

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (a MappedAddress) String() string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  type Message

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  type Message struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	Type          MessageType
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	Length        uint32 // len(Raw) not including header
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	TransactionID [TransactionIDSize]byte
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	Attributes    Attributes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	Raw           []byte

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Message represents a single STUN packet. It uses aggressive internal buffering to enable zero-allocation encoding and decoding, so there are some usage constraints:

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Message, its fields, results of m.Get or any attribute a.GetFrom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    are valid only until Message.Raw is not modified.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                    var m Message
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    if err := m.Build(TransactionID, BindingRequest, Fingerprint); err != nil {

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    You can call Build on zero value, and m.Raw will contain on-the-wire representation of Message. To decode message from byte slice, use Decode:

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    var m Message
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    if err := Decode(buf, &m); err != nil {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Binding request l=48 attrs=3 id=AQIDBAUGBwgJAAEA buff length: 68
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    wrote 68 err <nil>
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    has software: true
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    has nonce: false
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    software: ernado/stun
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    fingerprint is correct
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    integrity ok
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    for corrupted message:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    fingerprint: failed

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func Build

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func Build(setters ...Setter) (*Message, error)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Build wraps Message.Build method.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func MustBuild

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func MustBuild(setters ...Setter) *Message

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        MustBuild wraps Build call and panics on error.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func New

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func New() *Message

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          New returns *Message with pre-allocated Raw.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (*Message) Add

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (m *Message) Add(t AttrType, v []byte)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Add appends new attribute to message. Not goroutine-safe.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Value of attribute is copied to internal buffer so it is safe to reuse v.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (*Message) AddTo

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (m *Message) AddTo(b *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              AddTo sets b.TransactionID to m.TransactionID.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Implements Setter to aid in crafting responses.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (*Message) Build

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (m *Message) Build(setters ...Setter) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Build resets message and applies setters to it in batch, returning on first error. To prevent allocations, pass pointers to values.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                var (
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                	t        = BindingRequest
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                	username = NewUsername("username")
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                	nonce    = NewNonce("nonce")
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                	realm    = NewRealm("")
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                m := new(Message)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                m.Build(t, username, nonce, realm)     // 4 allocations
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                m.Build(&t, &username, &nonce, &realm) // 0 allocations

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                See BenchmarkBuildOverhead.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (*Message) Check

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (m *Message) Check(checkers ...Checker) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Check applies checkers to message in batch, returning on first error.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (*Message) CloneTo

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (m *Message) CloneTo(b *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    CloneTo clones m to b securing any further m mutations.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (*Message) Contains

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (m *Message) Contains(t AttrType) bool

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Contains return true if message contain t attribute.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (*Message) Decode

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (m *Message) Decode() error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Decode decodes m.Raw into m.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (*Message) Encode

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (m *Message) Encode()

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Encode re-encodes message into m.Raw.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (*Message) Equal

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (m *Message) Equal(b *Message) bool

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Equal returns true if Message b equals to m. Ignores m.Raw.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (*Message) ForEach

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (m *Message) ForEach(t AttrType, f func(m *Message) error) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ForEach is helper that iterates over message attributes allowing to call Getter in f callback to get all attributes of type t and returning on first f error.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              The m.Get method inside f will be returning next attribute on each f call. Does not error if there are no results.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (*Message) Get

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (m *Message) Get(t AttrType) ([]byte, error)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Get returns byte slice that represents attribute value, if there is no attribute with such type, ErrAttributeNotFound is returned.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (*Message) GobDecode

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (m *Message) GobDecode(data []byte) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  GobDecode implements the gob.GobDecoder interface.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (Message) GobEncode

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (m Message) GobEncode() ([]byte, error)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    GobEncode implements the gob.GobEncoder interface.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (Message) MarshalBinary

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (m Message) MarshalBinary() (data []byte, err error)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      MarshalBinary implements the encoding.BinaryMarshaler interface.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (*Message) NewTransactionID

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (m *Message) NewTransactionID() error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        NewTransactionID sets m.TransactionID to random value from crypto/rand and returns error if any.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (*Message) Parse

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (m *Message) Parse(getters ...Getter) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Parse applies getters to message in batch, returning on first error.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (*Message) ReadFrom

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (m *Message) ReadFrom(r io.Reader) (int64, error)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ReadFrom implements ReaderFrom. Reads message from r into m.Raw, Decodes it and return error if any. If m.Raw is too small, will return ErrUnexpectedEOF, ErrUnexpectedHeaderEOF or *DecodeErr.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Can return *DecodeErr while decoding too.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (*Message) Reset

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (m *Message) Reset()

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Reset resets Message, attributes and underlying buffer length.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (*Message) SetType

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (m *Message) SetType(t MessageType)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                SetType sets m.Type and writes it to m.Raw.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (Message) String

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (m Message) String() string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (*Message) UnmarshalBinary

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (m *Message) UnmarshalBinary(data []byte) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  UnmarshalBinary implements the encoding.BinaryUnmarshaler interface.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (*Message) Write

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (m *Message) Write(tBuf []byte) (int, error)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Write decodes message and return error if any.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Any error is unrecoverable, but message could be partially decoded.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (*Message) WriteAttributes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (m *Message) WriteAttributes()

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      WriteAttributes encodes all m.Attributes to m.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (*Message) WriteHeader

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (m *Message) WriteHeader()

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        WriteHeader writes header to underlying buffer. Not goroutine-safe.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (*Message) WriteLength

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (m *Message) WriteLength()

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          WriteLength writes m.Length to m.Raw.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (*Message) WriteTo

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (m *Message) WriteTo(w io.Writer) (int64, error)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            WriteTo implements WriterTo via calling Write(m.Raw) on w and returning call result.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (*Message) WriteTransactionID

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (m *Message) WriteTransactionID()

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              WriteTransactionID writes m.TransactionID to m.Raw.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (*Message) WriteType

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (m *Message) WriteType()

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                WriteType writes m.Type to m.Raw.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                type MessageClass

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                type MessageClass byte

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  MessageClass is 8-bit representation of 2-bit class of STUN Message Class.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  const (
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	ClassRequest         MessageClass = 0x00 // 0b00
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	ClassIndication      MessageClass = 0x01 // 0b01
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	ClassSuccessResponse MessageClass = 0x02 // 0b10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	ClassErrorResponse   MessageClass = 0x03 // 0b11

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Possible values for message class in STUN Message Type.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (MessageClass) String

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (c MessageClass) String() string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    type MessageIntegrity

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    type MessageIntegrity []byte

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      MessageIntegrity represents MESSAGE-INTEGRITY attribute.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      AddTo and Check methods are using zero-allocation version of hmac, see newHMAC function and internal/hmac/pool.go.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      RFC 5389 Section 15.4

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func NewLongTermIntegrity

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func NewLongTermIntegrity(username, realm, password string) MessageIntegrity

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        NewLongTermIntegrity returns new MessageIntegrity with key for long-term credentials. Password, username, and realm must be SASL-prepared.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func NewShortTermIntegrity

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func NewShortTermIntegrity(password string) MessageIntegrity

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          NewShortTermIntegrity returns new MessageIntegrity with key for short-term credentials. Password must be SASL-prepared.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (MessageIntegrity) AddTo

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (i MessageIntegrity) AddTo(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            AddTo adds MESSAGE-INTEGRITY attribute to message.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            CPU costly, see BenchmarkMessageIntegrity_AddTo.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (MessageIntegrity) Check

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (i MessageIntegrity) Check(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Check checks MESSAGE-INTEGRITY attribute.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              CPU costly, see BenchmarkMessageIntegrity_Check.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (MessageIntegrity) String

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (i MessageIntegrity) String() string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              type MessageType

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              type MessageType struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              	Method Method       // e.g. binding
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              	Class  MessageClass // e.g. request

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                MessageType is STUN Message Type Field.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func NewType

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func NewType(method Method, class MessageClass) MessageType

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  NewType returns new message type with provided method and class.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (MessageType) AddTo

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (t MessageType) AddTo(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    AddTo sets m type to t.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (*MessageType) ReadValue

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (t *MessageType) ReadValue(v uint16)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ReadValue decodes uint16 into MessageType.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (MessageType) String

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (t MessageType) String() string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (MessageType) Value

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (t MessageType) Value() uint16

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Value returns bit representation of messageType.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        type Method

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        type Method uint16

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Method is uint16 representation of 12-bit STUN method.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          const (
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          	MethodBinding          Method = 0x001
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          	MethodAllocate         Method = 0x003
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          	MethodRefresh          Method = 0x004
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          	MethodSend             Method = 0x006
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          	MethodData             Method = 0x007
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          	MethodCreatePermission Method = 0x008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          	MethodChannelBind      Method = 0x009

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Possible methods for STUN Message.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            const (
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            	MethodConnect           Method = 0x000a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            	MethodConnectionBind    Method = 0x000b
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            	MethodConnectionAttempt Method = 0x000c

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Methods from RFC 6062.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (Method) String

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (m Method) String() string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              type Nonce

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              type Nonce []byte

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Nonce represents NONCE attribute.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                RFC 5389 Section 15.8

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func NewNonce

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func NewNonce(nonce string) Nonce

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  NewNonce returns new Nonce from string.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (Nonce) AddTo

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (n Nonce) AddTo(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    AddTo adds NONCE to message.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (*Nonce) GetFrom

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (n *Nonce) GetFrom(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      GetFrom gets NONCE from message.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (Nonce) String

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (n Nonce) String() string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      type RawAttribute

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      type RawAttribute struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      	Type   AttrType
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      	Length uint16 // ignored while encoding
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      	Value  []byte

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        RawAttribute is a Type-Length-Value (TLV) object that can be added to a STUN message. Attributes are divided into two types: comprehension-required and comprehension-optional. STUN agents can safely ignore comprehension-optional attributes they don't understand, but cannot successfully process a message if it contains comprehension-required attributes that are not understood.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (RawAttribute) AddTo

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (a RawAttribute) AddTo(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          AddTo implements Setter, adding attribute as a.Type with a.Value and ignoring the Length field.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (RawAttribute) Equal

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (a RawAttribute) Equal(b RawAttribute) bool

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Equal returns true if a == b.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (RawAttribute) String

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (a RawAttribute) String() string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            type Realm

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            type Realm []byte

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Realm represents REALM attribute.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              RFC 5389 Section 15.7

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func NewRealm

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func NewRealm(realm string) Realm

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                NewRealm returns Realm with provided value. Must be SASL-prepared.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (Realm) AddTo

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (n Realm) AddTo(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  AddTo adds NONCE to message.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (*Realm) GetFrom

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (n *Realm) GetFrom(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    GetFrom gets REALM from message.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (Realm) String

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (n Realm) String() string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    type Setter

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    type Setter interface {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	AddTo(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Setter sets *Message attribute.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      var TransactionID Setter = transactionIDSetter{}

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        TransactionID sets message transaction id to random value.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func NewTransactionIDSetter

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func NewTransactionIDSetter(value [TransactionIDSize]byte) Setter

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          NewTransactionIDSetter returns new Setter that sets message transaction id to provided value.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          type Software

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          type Software []byte

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Software is SOFTWARE attribute.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            RFC 5389 Section 15.10

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func NewSoftware

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func NewSoftware(software string) Software

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              NewSoftware returns *Software from string.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (Software) AddTo

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (s Software) AddTo(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                AddTo adds Software attribute to m.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (*Software) GetFrom

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (s *Software) GetFrom(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  GetFrom decodes Software from m.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (Software) String

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (s Software) String() string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  type StopErr

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  type StopErr struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	Err   error // value returned by Stop()
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	Cause error // error that caused Stop() call

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    StopErr occurs when Client fails to stop transaction while processing error.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (StopErr) Error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (e StopErr) Error() string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    type TextAttribute

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    type TextAttribute []byte

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      TextAttribute is helper for adding and getting text attributes.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (TextAttribute) AddToAs

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (v TextAttribute) AddToAs(m *Message, t AttrType, maxLen int) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        AddToAs adds attribute with type t to m, checking maximum length. If maxLen is less than 0, no check is performed.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (*TextAttribute) GetFromAs

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (v *TextAttribute) GetFromAs(m *Message, t AttrType) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          GetFromAs gets t attribute from m and appends its value to reseted v.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          type URI

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          type URI struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          	Scheme string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          	Host   string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          	Port   int

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            URI as defined in RFC 7064.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func ParseURI

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func ParseURI(rawURI string) (URI, error)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ParseURI parses URI from string.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (URI) String

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (u URI) String() string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              type UnknownAttributes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              type UnknownAttributes []AttrType

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                UnknownAttributes represents UNKNOWN-ATTRIBUTES attribute.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                RFC 5389 Section 15.9

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (UnknownAttributes) AddTo

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (a UnknownAttributes) AddTo(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  AddTo adds UNKNOWN-ATTRIBUTES attribute to message.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (*UnknownAttributes) GetFrom

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (a *UnknownAttributes) GetFrom(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    GetFrom parses UNKNOWN-ATTRIBUTES from message.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (UnknownAttributes) String

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (a UnknownAttributes) String() string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    type Username

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    type Username []byte

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Username represents USERNAME attribute.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      RFC 5389 Section 15.3

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func NewUsername

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func NewUsername(username string) Username

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        NewUsername returns Username with provided value.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (Username) AddTo

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (u Username) AddTo(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          AddTo adds USERNAME attribute to message.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (*Username) GetFrom

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (u *Username) GetFrom(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            GetFrom gets USERNAME from message.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (Username) String

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (u Username) String() string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            type XORMappedAddress

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            type XORMappedAddress struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            	IP   net.IP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            	Port int

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              XORMappedAddress implements XOR-MAPPED-ADDRESS attribute.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              RFC 5389 Section 15.2

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (XORMappedAddress) AddTo

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (a XORMappedAddress) AddTo(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                AddTo adds XOR-MAPPED-ADDRESS to m. Can return ErrBadIPLength if len(a.IP) is invalid.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (XORMappedAddress) AddToAs

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (a XORMappedAddress) AddToAs(m *Message, t AttrType) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  AddToAs adds XOR-MAPPED-ADDRESS value to m as t attribute.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (*XORMappedAddress) GetFrom

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (a *XORMappedAddress) GetFrom(m *Message) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    GetFrom decodes XOR-MAPPED-ADDRESS attribute in message and returns error if any. While decoding, a.IP is reused if possible and can be rendered to invalid state (e.g. if a.IP was set to IPv6 and then IPv4 value were decoded into it), be careful.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    expectedIP := net.ParseIP("")
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    expectedIP.String() //, 16 bytes, first 12 of them are zeroes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    expectedPort := 21254
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    addr := &XORMappedAddress{
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      IP:   expectedIP,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Port: expectedPort,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    // addr were added to message that is decoded as newMessage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    // ...
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    addr.IP.String()    //, net.IPv4Len
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    expectedIP.String() // d58d:9cec::ffff:d58d:9cec, 16 bytes, first 4 are IPv4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    // now we have len(expectedIP) = 16 and len(addr.IP) = 4.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (*XORMappedAddress) GetFromAs

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (a *XORMappedAddress) GetFromAs(m *Message, t AttrType) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      GetFromAs decodes XOR-MAPPED-ADDRESS attribute value in message getting it as for t type.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (XORMappedAddress) String

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (a XORMappedAddress) String() string


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Path Synopsis
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Command stun-multiplex is example of doing UDP connection multiplexing that splits incoming UDP packets to two streams, "STUN Data" and "Application Data".
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Command stun-multiplex is example of doing UDP connection multiplexing that splits incoming UDP packets to two streams, "STUN Data" and "Application Data".
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Package hmac implements the Keyed-Hash Message Authentication Code (HMAC) as defined in U.S. Federal Information Processing Standards Publication 198.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Package hmac implements the Keyed-Hash Message Authentication Code (HMAC) as defined in U.S. Federal Information Processing Standards Publication 198.