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Published: Aug 3, 2018 | License: Apache-2.0

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gosec -Golang Security Checker

Inspects source code for security problems by scanning the Go AST.


Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the “License”); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License here.

Project status

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$ go get


Gosec can be configured to only run a subset of rules, to exclude certain file paths, and produce reports in different formats. By default all rules will be run against the supplied input files. To recursively scan from the current directory you can supply ‘./…’ as the input argument.

Selecting rules

By default gosec will run all rules against the supplied file paths. It is however possible to select a subset of rules to run via the ‘-include=’ flag, or to specify a set of rules to explicitly exclude using the ‘-exclude=’ flag.

Available rules
  • G101: Look for hardcoded credentials
  • G102: Bind to all interfaces
  • G103: Audit the use of unsafe block
  • G104: Audit errors not checked
  • G105: Audit the use of math/big.Int.Exp
  • G106: Audit the use of ssh.InsecureIgnoreHostKey
  • G201: SQL query construction using format string
  • G202: SQL query construction using string concatenation
  • G203: Use of unescaped data in HTML templates
  • G204: Audit use of command execution
  • G301: Poor file permissions used when creating a directory
  • G302: Poor file permisions used with chmod
  • G303: Creating tempfile using a predictable path
  • G304: File path provided as taint input
  • G305: File traversal when extracting zip archive
  • G401: Detect the usage of DES, RC4, or MD5
  • G402: Look for bad TLS connection settings
  • G403: Ensure minimum RSA key length of 2048 bits
  • G404: Insecure random number source (rand)
  • G501: Import blacklist: crypto/md5
  • G502: Import blacklist: crypto/des
  • G503: Import blacklist: crypto/rc4
  • G504: Import blacklist: net/http/cgi # Run a specific set of rules $ gosec -include=G101,G203,G401 ./... # Run everything except for rule G303 $ gosec -exclude=G303 ./...

Excluding files:

gosec will ignore dependencies in your vendor directory any files that are not considered build artifacts by the compiler (so test files).

Annotating code

As with all automated detection tools there will be cases of false positives. In cases where gosec reports a failure that has been manually verified as being safe it is possible to annotate the code with a ‘#nosec’ comment.

The annotation causes gosec to stop processing any further nodes within the AST so can apply to a whole block or more granularly to a single expression.

import "md5" // #nosec

func main(){

    /* #nosec */
    if x > y {
        h := md5.New() // this will also be ignored


When a specific false positive has been identified and verified as safe, you may wish to suppress only that single rule (or a specific set of rules) within a section of code, while continuing to scan for other problems. To do this, you can list the rule(s) to be suppressed within the #nosec annotation, e.g: /* #nosec G401 */ or // #nosec G201 G202 G203

In some cases you may also want to revisit places where #nosec annotations have been used. To run the scanner and ignore any #nosec annotations you can do the following:

$ gosec -nosec=true ./...

Build tags

gosec is able to pass your Go build tags to the analyzer. They can be provided as a comma separated list as follows:

$ gosec -tag debug,ignore ./...

Output formats

gosec currently supports text, json, yaml, csv and JUnit XML output formats. By default results will be reported to stdout, but can also be written to an output file. The output format is controlled by the ‘-fmt’ flag, and the output file is controlled by the ‘-out’ flag as follows:

# Write output in json format to results.json
$ gosec -fmt=json -out=results.json *.go



Install dep according to the instructions here: Install the latest version of golint:




make test

Release Build

Make sure you have installed the goreleaser tool and then you can release gosec as follows: git tag 1.0.0 export GITHUB_TOKEN= make release

The released version of the tool is available in the dist folder. The build information should be displayed in the usage text.

./dist/darwin_amd64/gosec -h
gosec  - Golang security checker

gosec analyzes Go source code to look for common programming mistakes that
can lead to security problems.

VERSION: 1.0.0
GIT TAG: 1.0.0
BUILD DATE: 2018-04-27T12:41:38Z

Note that all released archives are also uploaded to GitHub.

Docker image

You can execute a release and build the docker image as follows:

git tag <VERSION>
export GITHUB_TOKEN=<Your GitHub token>
make image

Now you can run the gosec tool in a container against your local workspace:

docker run -it -v <YOUR LOCAL WORKSPACE>:/workspace gosec /workspace

Generate TLS rule

The configuration of TLS rule can be generated from Mozilla’s TLS ciphers recommendation.

First you need to install the generator tool:

go get

You can invoke now the go generate in the root of the project:

go generate ./...

This will generate the rules/tls_config.go file with will contain the current ciphers recommendation from Mozilla.