Documentation

Overview

    Package http provides HTTP client and server implementations.

    Get, Head, Post, and PostForm make HTTP (or HTTPS) requests:

    resp, err := http.Get("http://example.com/")
    ...
    resp, err := http.Post("http://example.com/upload", "image/jpeg", &buf)
    ...
    resp, err := http.PostForm("http://example.com/form",
    	url.Values{"key": {"Value"}, "id": {"123"}})
    

    The client must close the response body when finished with it:

    resp, err := http.Get("http://example.com/")
    if err != nil {
    	// handle error
    }
    defer resp.Body.Close()
    body, err := ioutil.ReadAll(resp.Body)
    // ...
    

    For control over HTTP client headers, redirect policy, and other settings, create a Client:

    client := &http.Client{
    	CheckRedirect: redirectPolicyFunc,
    }
    
    resp, err := client.Get("http://example.com")
    // ...
    
    req, err := http.NewRequest("GET", "http://example.com", nil)
    // ...
    req.Header.Add("If-None-Match", `W/"wyzzy"`)
    resp, err := client.Do(req)
    // ...
    

    For control over proxies, TLS configuration, keep-alives, compression, and other settings, create a Transport:

    tr := &http.Transport{
    	TLSClientConfig:    &tls.Config{RootCAs: pool},
    	DisableCompression: true,
    }
    client := &http.Client{Transport: tr}
    resp, err := client.Get("https://example.com")
    

    Clients and Transports are safe for concurrent use by multiple goroutines and for efficiency should only be created once and re-used.

    ListenAndServe starts an HTTP server with a given address and handler. The handler is usually nil, which means to use DefaultServeMux. Handle and HandleFunc add handlers to DefaultServeMux:

    http.Handle("/foo", fooHandler)
    
    http.HandleFunc("/bar", func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
    	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Hello, %q", html.EscapeString(r.URL.Path))
    })
    
    log.Fatal(http.ListenAndServe(":8080", nil))
    

    More control over the server's behavior is available by creating a custom Server:

    s := &http.Server{
    	Addr:           ":8080",
    	Handler:        myHandler,
    	ReadTimeout:    10 * time.Second,
    	WriteTimeout:   10 * time.Second,
    	MaxHeaderBytes: 1 << 20,
    }
    log.Fatal(s.ListenAndServe())
    

    The http package has transparent support for the HTTP/2 protocol when using HTTPS. Programs that must disable HTTP/2 can do so by setting Transport.TLSNextProto (for clients) or Server.TLSNextProto (for servers) to a non-nil, empty map. Alternatively, the following GODEBUG environment variables are currently supported:

    GODEBUG=http2client=0  # disable HTTP/2 client support
    GODEBUG=http2server=0  # disable HTTP/2 server support
    GODEBUG=http2debug=1   # enable verbose HTTP/2 debug logs
    GODEBUG=http2debug=2   # ... even more verbose, with frame dumps
    

    The GODEBUG variables are not covered by Go's API compatibility promise. HTTP/2 support was added in Go 1.6. Please report any issues instead of disabling HTTP/2 support: https://golang.org/s/http2bug

    Index

    Examples

    Constants

    View Source
    const (
    	MethodGet     = "GET"
    	MethodHead    = "HEAD"
    	MethodPost    = "POST"
    	MethodPut     = "PUT"
    	MethodPatch   = "PATCH" // RFC 5741
    	MethodDelete  = "DELETE"
    	MethodConnect = "CONNECT"
    	MethodOptions = "OPTIONS"
    	MethodTrace   = "TRACE"
    )

      Common HTTP methods.

      Unless otherwise noted, these are defined in RFC 7231 section 4.3.

      View Source
      const (
      	StatusContinue           = 100
      	StatusSwitchingProtocols = 101
      
      	StatusOK                   = 200
      	StatusCreated              = 201
      	StatusAccepted             = 202
      	StatusNonAuthoritativeInfo = 203
      	StatusNoContent            = 204
      	StatusResetContent         = 205
      	StatusPartialContent       = 206
      
      	StatusMultipleChoices   = 300
      	StatusMovedPermanently  = 301
      	StatusFound             = 302
      	StatusSeeOther          = 303
      	StatusNotModified       = 304
      	StatusUseProxy          = 305
      	StatusTemporaryRedirect = 307
      
      	StatusBadRequest                   = 400
      	StatusUnauthorized                 = 401
      	StatusPaymentRequired              = 402
      	StatusForbidden                    = 403
      	StatusNotFound                     = 404
      	StatusMethodNotAllowed             = 405
      	StatusNotAcceptable                = 406
      	StatusProxyAuthRequired            = 407
      	StatusRequestTimeout               = 408
      	StatusConflict                     = 409
      	StatusGone                         = 410
      	StatusLengthRequired               = 411
      	StatusPreconditionFailed           = 412
      	StatusRequestEntityTooLarge        = 413
      	StatusRequestURITooLong            = 414
      	StatusUnsupportedMediaType         = 415
      	StatusRequestedRangeNotSatisfiable = 416
      	StatusExpectationFailed            = 417
      	StatusTeapot                       = 418
      	StatusPreconditionRequired         = 428
      	StatusTooManyRequests              = 429
      	StatusRequestHeaderFieldsTooLarge  = 431
      	StatusUnavailableForLegalReasons   = 451
      
      	StatusInternalServerError           = 500
      	StatusNotImplemented                = 501
      	StatusBadGateway                    = 502
      	StatusServiceUnavailable            = 503
      	StatusGatewayTimeout                = 504
      	StatusHTTPVersionNotSupported       = 505
      	StatusNetworkAuthenticationRequired = 511
      )

        HTTP status codes, defined in RFC 2616.

        View Source
        const DefaultMaxHeaderBytes = 1 << 20 // 1 MB
        

          DefaultMaxHeaderBytes is the maximum permitted size of the headers in an HTTP request. This can be overridden by setting Server.MaxHeaderBytes.

          View Source
          const DefaultMaxIdleConnsPerHost = 2

            DefaultMaxIdleConnsPerHost is the default value of Transport's MaxIdleConnsPerHost.

            View Source
            const TimeFormat = "Mon, 02 Jan 2006 15:04:05 GMT"

              TimeFormat is the time format to use when generating times in HTTP headers. It is like time.RFC1123 but hard-codes GMT as the time zone. The time being formatted must be in UTC for Format to generate the correct format.

              For parsing this time format, see ParseTime.

              Variables

              View Source
              var (
              	ErrHeaderTooLong        = &ProtocolError{"header too long"}
              	ErrShortBody            = &ProtocolError{"entity body too short"}
              	ErrNotSupported         = &ProtocolError{"feature not supported"}
              	ErrUnexpectedTrailer    = &ProtocolError{"trailer header without chunked transfer encoding"}
              	ErrMissingContentLength = &ProtocolError{"missing ContentLength in HEAD response"}
              	ErrNotMultipart         = &ProtocolError{"request Content-Type isn't multipart/form-data"}
              	ErrMissingBoundary      = &ProtocolError{"no multipart boundary param in Content-Type"}
              )
              View Source
              var (
              	ErrWriteAfterFlush = errors.New("Conn.Write called after Flush")
              	ErrBodyNotAllowed  = errors.New("http: request method or response status code does not allow body")
              	ErrHijacked        = errors.New("Conn has been hijacked")
              	ErrContentLength   = errors.New("Conn.Write wrote more than the declared Content-Length")
              )

                Errors introduced by the HTTP server.

                View Source
                var DefaultClient = &Client{}

                  DefaultClient is the default Client and is used by Get, Head, and Post.

                  View Source
                  var DefaultServeMux = NewServeMux()

                    DefaultServeMux is the default ServeMux used by Serve.

                    View Source
                    var ErrBodyReadAfterClose = errors.New("http: invalid Read on closed Body")

                      ErrBodyReadAfterClose is returned when reading a Request or Response Body after the body has been closed. This typically happens when the body is read after an HTTP Handler calls WriteHeader or Write on its ResponseWriter.

                      View Source
                      var ErrHandlerTimeout = errors.New("http: Handler timeout")

                        ErrHandlerTimeout is returned on ResponseWriter Write calls in handlers which have timed out.

                        View Source
                        var ErrLineTooLong = internal.ErrLineTooLong

                          ErrLineTooLong is returned when reading request or response bodies with malformed chunked encoding.

                          View Source
                          var ErrMissingFile = errors.New("http: no such file")

                            ErrMissingFile is returned by FormFile when the provided file field name is either not present in the request or not a file field.

                            View Source
                            var ErrNoCookie = errors.New("http: named cookie not present")

                              ErrNoCookie is returned by Request's Cookie method when a cookie is not found.

                              View Source
                              var ErrNoLocation = errors.New("http: no Location header in response")

                                ErrNoLocation is returned by Response's Location method when no Location header is present.

                                View Source
                                var ErrSkipAltProtocol = errors.New("net/http: skip alternate protocol")

                                  ErrSkipAltProtocol is a sentinel error value defined by Transport.RegisterProtocol.

                                  Functions

                                  func CanonicalHeaderKey

                                  func CanonicalHeaderKey(s string) string

                                    CanonicalHeaderKey returns the canonical format of the header key s. The canonicalization converts the first letter and any letter following a hyphen to upper case; the rest are converted to lowercase. For example, the canonical key for "accept-encoding" is "Accept-Encoding". If s contains a space or invalid header field bytes, it is returned without modifications.

                                    func DetectContentType

                                    func DetectContentType(data []byte) string

                                      DetectContentType implements the algorithm described at http://mimesniff.spec.whatwg.org/ to determine the Content-Type of the given data. It considers at most the first 512 bytes of data. DetectContentType always returns a valid MIME type: if it cannot determine a more specific one, it returns "application/octet-stream".

                                      func Error

                                      func Error(w ResponseWriter, error string, code int)

                                        Error replies to the request with the specified error message and HTTP code. The error message should be plain text.

                                        func Handle

                                        func Handle(pattern string, handler Handler)

                                          Handle registers the handler for the given pattern in the DefaultServeMux. The documentation for ServeMux explains how patterns are matched.

                                          func HandleFunc

                                          func HandleFunc(pattern string, handler func(ResponseWriter, *Request))

                                            HandleFunc registers the handler function for the given pattern in the DefaultServeMux. The documentation for ServeMux explains how patterns are matched.

                                            func ListenAndServe

                                            func ListenAndServe(addr string, handler Handler) error

                                              ListenAndServe listens on the TCP network address addr and then calls Serve with handler to handle requests on incoming connections. Accepted connections are configured to enable TCP keep-alives. Handler is typically nil, in which case the DefaultServeMux is used.

                                              A trivial example server is:

                                              package main
                                              
                                              import (
                                              	"io"
                                              	"net/http"
                                              	"log"
                                              )
                                              
                                              // hello world, the web server
                                              func HelloServer(w http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
                                              	io.WriteString(w, "hello, world!\n")
                                              }
                                              
                                              func main() {
                                              	http.HandleFunc("/hello", HelloServer)
                                              	log.Fatal(http.ListenAndServe(":12345", nil))
                                              }
                                              

                                              ListenAndServe always returns a non-nil error.

                                              func ListenAndServeTLS

                                              func ListenAndServeTLS(addr, certFile, keyFile string, handler Handler) error

                                                ListenAndServeTLS acts identically to ListenAndServe, except that it expects HTTPS connections. Additionally, files containing a certificate and matching private key for the server must be provided. If the certificate is signed by a certificate authority, the certFile should be the concatenation of the server's certificate, any intermediates, and the CA's certificate.

                                                A trivial example server is:

                                                import (
                                                	"log"
                                                	"net/http"
                                                )
                                                
                                                func handler(w http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
                                                	w.Header().Set("Content-Type", "text/plain")
                                                	w.Write([]byte("This is an example server.\n"))
                                                }
                                                
                                                func main() {
                                                	http.HandleFunc("/", handler)
                                                	log.Printf("About to listen on 10443. Go to https://127.0.0.1:10443/")
                                                	err := http.ListenAndServeTLS(":10443", "cert.pem", "key.pem", nil)
                                                	log.Fatal(err)
                                                }
                                                

                                                One can use generate_cert.go in crypto/tls to generate cert.pem and key.pem.

                                                ListenAndServeTLS always returns a non-nil error.

                                                func MaxBytesReader

                                                func MaxBytesReader(w ResponseWriter, r io.ReadCloser, n int64) io.ReadCloser

                                                  MaxBytesReader is similar to io.LimitReader but is intended for limiting the size of incoming request bodies. In contrast to io.LimitReader, MaxBytesReader's result is a ReadCloser, returns a non-EOF error for a Read beyond the limit, and closes the underlying reader when its Close method is called.

                                                  MaxBytesReader prevents clients from accidentally or maliciously sending a large request and wasting server resources.

                                                  func NotFound

                                                  func NotFound(w ResponseWriter, r *Request)

                                                    NotFound replies to the request with an HTTP 404 not found error.

                                                    func ParseHTTPVersion

                                                    func ParseHTTPVersion(vers string) (major, minor int, ok bool)

                                                      ParseHTTPVersion parses a HTTP version string. "HTTP/1.0" returns (1, 0, true).

                                                      func ParseTime

                                                      func ParseTime(text string) (t time.Time, err error)

                                                        ParseTime parses a time header (such as the Date: header), trying each of the three formats allowed by HTTP/1.1: TimeFormat, time.RFC850, and time.ANSIC.

                                                        func ProxyFromEnvironment

                                                        func ProxyFromEnvironment(req *Request) (*url.URL, error)

                                                          ProxyFromEnvironment returns the URL of the proxy to use for a given request, as indicated by the environment variables HTTP_PROXY, HTTPS_PROXY and NO_PROXY (or the lowercase versions thereof). HTTPS_PROXY takes precedence over HTTP_PROXY for https requests.

                                                          The environment values may be either a complete URL or a "host[:port]", in which case the "http" scheme is assumed. An error is returned if the value is a different form.

                                                          A nil URL and nil error are returned if no proxy is defined in the environment, or a proxy should not be used for the given request, as defined by NO_PROXY.

                                                          As a special case, if req.URL.Host is "localhost" (with or without a port number), then a nil URL and nil error will be returned.

                                                          func ProxyURL

                                                          func ProxyURL(fixedURL *url.URL) func(*Request) (*url.URL, error)

                                                            ProxyURL returns a proxy function (for use in a Transport) that always returns the same URL.

                                                            func Redirect

                                                            func Redirect(w ResponseWriter, r *Request, urlStr string, code int)

                                                              Redirect replies to the request with a redirect to url, which may be a path relative to the request path.

                                                              The provided code should be in the 3xx range and is usually StatusMovedPermanently, StatusFound or StatusSeeOther.

                                                              func Serve

                                                              func Serve(l net.Listener, handler Handler) error

                                                                Serve accepts incoming HTTP connections on the listener l, creating a new service goroutine for each. The service goroutines read requests and then call handler to reply to them. Handler is typically nil, in which case the DefaultServeMux is used.

                                                                func ServeContent

                                                                func ServeContent(w ResponseWriter, req *Request, name string, modtime time.Time, content io.ReadSeeker)

                                                                  ServeContent replies to the request using the content in the provided ReadSeeker. The main benefit of ServeContent over io.Copy is that it handles Range requests properly, sets the MIME type, and handles If-Modified-Since requests.

                                                                  If the response's Content-Type header is not set, ServeContent first tries to deduce the type from name's file extension and, if that fails, falls back to reading the first block of the content and passing it to DetectContentType. The name is otherwise unused; in particular it can be empty and is never sent in the response.

                                                                  If modtime is not the zero time or Unix epoch, ServeContent includes it in a Last-Modified header in the response. If the request includes an If-Modified-Since header, ServeContent uses modtime to decide whether the content needs to be sent at all.

                                                                  The content's Seek method must work: ServeContent uses a seek to the end of the content to determine its size.

                                                                  If the caller has set w's ETag header, ServeContent uses it to handle requests using If-Range and If-None-Match.

                                                                  Note that *os.File implements the io.ReadSeeker interface.

                                                                  func ServeFile

                                                                  func ServeFile(w ResponseWriter, r *Request, name string)

                                                                    ServeFile replies to the request with the contents of the named file or directory.

                                                                    If the provided file or direcory name is a relative path, it is interpreted relative to the current directory and may ascend to parent directories. If the provided name is constructed from user input, it should be sanitized before calling ServeFile. As a precaution, ServeFile will reject requests where r.URL.Path contains a ".." path element.

                                                                    As a special case, ServeFile redirects any request where r.URL.Path ends in "/index.html" to the same path, without the final "index.html". To avoid such redirects either modify the path or use ServeContent.

                                                                    func SetCookie

                                                                    func SetCookie(w ResponseWriter, cookie *Cookie)

                                                                      SetCookie adds a Set-Cookie header to the provided ResponseWriter's headers. The provided cookie must have a valid Name. Invalid cookies may be silently dropped.

                                                                      func StatusText

                                                                      func StatusText(code int) string

                                                                        StatusText returns a text for the HTTP status code. It returns the empty string if the code is unknown.

                                                                        Types

                                                                        type Client

                                                                        type Client struct {
                                                                        	// Transport specifies the mechanism by which individual
                                                                        	// HTTP requests are made.
                                                                        	// If nil, DefaultTransport is used.
                                                                        	Transport RoundTripper
                                                                        
                                                                        	// CheckRedirect specifies the policy for handling redirects.
                                                                        	// If CheckRedirect is not nil, the client calls it before
                                                                        	// following an HTTP redirect. The arguments req and via are
                                                                        	// the upcoming request and the requests made already, oldest
                                                                        	// first. If CheckRedirect returns an error, the Client's Get
                                                                        	// method returns both the previous Response and
                                                                        	// CheckRedirect's error (wrapped in a url.Error) instead of
                                                                        	// issuing the Request req.
                                                                        	//
                                                                        	// If CheckRedirect is nil, the Client uses its default policy,
                                                                        	// which is to stop after 10 consecutive requests.
                                                                        	CheckRedirect func(req *Request, via []*Request) error
                                                                        
                                                                        	// Jar specifies the cookie jar.
                                                                        	// If Jar is nil, cookies are not sent in requests and ignored
                                                                        	// in responses.
                                                                        	Jar CookieJar
                                                                        
                                                                        	// Timeout specifies a time limit for requests made by this
                                                                        	// Client. The timeout includes connection time, any
                                                                        	// redirects, and reading the response body. The timer remains
                                                                        	// running after Get, Head, Post, or Do return and will
                                                                        	// interrupt reading of the Response.Body.
                                                                        	//
                                                                        	// A Timeout of zero means no timeout.
                                                                        	//
                                                                        	// The Client cancels requests to the underlying Transport
                                                                        	// using the Request.Cancel mechanism. Requests passed
                                                                        	// to Client.Do may still set Request.Cancel; both will
                                                                        	// cancel the request.
                                                                        	//
                                                                        	// For compatibility, the Client will also use the deprecated
                                                                        	// CancelRequest method on Transport if found. New
                                                                        	// RoundTripper implementations should use Request.Cancel
                                                                        	// instead of implementing CancelRequest.
                                                                        	Timeout time.Duration
                                                                        }

                                                                          A Client is an HTTP client. Its zero value (DefaultClient) is a usable client that uses DefaultTransport.

                                                                          The Client's Transport typically has internal state (cached TCP connections), so Clients should be reused instead of created as needed. Clients are safe for concurrent use by multiple goroutines.

                                                                          A Client is higher-level than a RoundTripper (such as Transport) and additionally handles HTTP details such as cookies and redirects.

                                                                          func (*Client) Do

                                                                          func (c *Client) Do(req *Request) (resp *Response, err error)

                                                                            Do sends an HTTP request and returns an HTTP response, following policy (e.g. redirects, cookies, auth) as configured on the client.

                                                                            An error is returned if caused by client policy (such as CheckRedirect), or if there was an HTTP protocol error. A non-2xx response doesn't cause an error.

                                                                            When err is nil, resp always contains a non-nil resp.Body.

                                                                            Callers should close resp.Body when done reading from it. If resp.Body is not closed, the Client's underlying RoundTripper (typically Transport) may not be able to re-use a persistent TCP connection to the server for a subsequent "keep-alive" request.

                                                                            The request Body, if non-nil, will be closed by the underlying Transport, even on errors.

                                                                            Generally Get, Post, or PostForm will be used instead of Do.

                                                                            func (*Client) Get

                                                                            func (c *Client) Get(url string) (resp *Response, err error)

                                                                              Get issues a GET to the specified URL. If the response is one of the following redirect codes, Get follows the redirect after calling the Client's CheckRedirect function:

                                                                              301 (Moved Permanently)
                                                                              302 (Found)
                                                                              303 (See Other)
                                                                              307 (Temporary Redirect)
                                                                              

                                                                              An error is returned if the Client's CheckRedirect function fails or if there was an HTTP protocol error. A non-2xx response doesn't cause an error.

                                                                              When err is nil, resp always contains a non-nil resp.Body. Caller should close resp.Body when done reading from it.

                                                                              To make a request with custom headers, use NewRequest and Client.Do.

                                                                              func (*Client) Head

                                                                              func (c *Client) Head(url string) (resp *Response, err error)

                                                                                Head issues a HEAD to the specified URL. If the response is one of the following redirect codes, Head follows the redirect after calling the Client's CheckRedirect function:

                                                                                301 (Moved Permanently)
                                                                                302 (Found)
                                                                                303 (See Other)
                                                                                307 (Temporary Redirect)
                                                                                

                                                                                func (*Client) Post

                                                                                func (c *Client) Post(url string, bodyType string, body io.Reader) (resp *Response, err error)

                                                                                  Post issues a POST to the specified URL.

                                                                                  Caller should close resp.Body when done reading from it.

                                                                                  If the provided body is an io.Closer, it is closed after the request.

                                                                                  To set custom headers, use NewRequest and Client.Do.

                                                                                  func (*Client) PostForm

                                                                                  func (c *Client) PostForm(url string, data url.Values) (resp *Response, err error)

                                                                                    PostForm issues a POST to the specified URL, with data's keys and values URL-encoded as the request body.

                                                                                    The Content-Type header is set to application/x-www-form-urlencoded. To set other headers, use NewRequest and DefaultClient.Do.

                                                                                    When err is nil, resp always contains a non-nil resp.Body. Caller should close resp.Body when done reading from it.

                                                                                    type CloseNotifier

                                                                                    type CloseNotifier interface {
                                                                                    	// CloseNotify returns a channel that receives at most a
                                                                                    	// single value (true) when the client connection has gone
                                                                                    	// away.
                                                                                    	//
                                                                                    	// CloseNotify may wait to notify until Request.Body has been
                                                                                    	// fully read.
                                                                                    	//
                                                                                    	// After the Handler has returned, there is no guarantee
                                                                                    	// that the channel receives a value.
                                                                                    	//
                                                                                    	// If the protocol is HTTP/1.1 and CloseNotify is called while
                                                                                    	// processing an idempotent request (such a GET) while
                                                                                    	// HTTP/1.1 pipelining is in use, the arrival of a subsequent
                                                                                    	// pipelined request may cause a value to be sent on the
                                                                                    	// returned channel. In practice HTTP/1.1 pipelining is not
                                                                                    	// enabled in browsers and not seen often in the wild. If this
                                                                                    	// is a problem, use HTTP/2 or only use CloseNotify on methods
                                                                                    	// such as POST.
                                                                                    	CloseNotify() <-chan bool
                                                                                    }

                                                                                      The CloseNotifier interface is implemented by ResponseWriters which allow detecting when the underlying connection has gone away.

                                                                                      This mechanism can be used to cancel long operations on the server if the client has disconnected before the response is ready.

                                                                                      type ConnState

                                                                                      type ConnState int

                                                                                        A ConnState represents the state of a client connection to a server. It's used by the optional Server.ConnState hook.

                                                                                        const (
                                                                                        	// StateNew represents a new connection that is expected to
                                                                                        	// send a request immediately. Connections begin at this
                                                                                        	// state and then transition to either StateActive or
                                                                                        	// StateClosed.
                                                                                        	StateNew ConnState = iota
                                                                                        
                                                                                        	// StateActive represents a connection that has read 1 or more
                                                                                        	// bytes of a request. The Server.ConnState hook for
                                                                                        	// StateActive fires before the request has entered a handler
                                                                                        	// and doesn't fire again until the request has been
                                                                                        	// handled. After the request is handled, the state
                                                                                        	// transitions to StateClosed, StateHijacked, or StateIdle.
                                                                                        	// For HTTP/2, StateActive fires on the transition from zero
                                                                                        	// to one active request, and only transitions away once all
                                                                                        	// active requests are complete. That means that ConnState
                                                                                        	// can not be used to do per-request work; ConnState only notes
                                                                                        	// the overall state of the connection.
                                                                                        	StateActive
                                                                                        
                                                                                        	// StateIdle represents a connection that has finished
                                                                                        	// handling a request and is in the keep-alive state, waiting
                                                                                        	// for a new request. Connections transition from StateIdle
                                                                                        	// to either StateActive or StateClosed.
                                                                                        	StateIdle
                                                                                        
                                                                                        	// StateHijacked represents a hijacked connection.
                                                                                        	// This is a terminal state. It does not transition to StateClosed.
                                                                                        	StateHijacked
                                                                                        
                                                                                        	// StateClosed represents a closed connection.
                                                                                        	// This is a terminal state. Hijacked connections do not
                                                                                        	// transition to StateClosed.
                                                                                        	StateClosed
                                                                                        )

                                                                                        func (ConnState) String

                                                                                        func (c ConnState) String() string
                                                                                        type Cookie struct {
                                                                                        	Name  string
                                                                                        	Value string
                                                                                        
                                                                                        	Path       string    // optional
                                                                                        	Domain     string    // optional
                                                                                        	Expires    time.Time // optional
                                                                                        	RawExpires string    // for reading cookies only
                                                                                        
                                                                                        	// MaxAge=0 means no 'Max-Age' attribute specified.
                                                                                        	// MaxAge<0 means delete cookie now, equivalently 'Max-Age: 0'
                                                                                        	// MaxAge>0 means Max-Age attribute present and given in seconds
                                                                                        	MaxAge   int
                                                                                        	Secure   bool
                                                                                        	HttpOnly bool
                                                                                        	Raw      string
                                                                                        	Unparsed []string // Raw text of unparsed attribute-value pairs
                                                                                        }

                                                                                          A Cookie represents an HTTP cookie as sent in the Set-Cookie header of an HTTP response or the Cookie header of an HTTP request.

                                                                                          See http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6265 for details.

                                                                                          func (*Cookie) String

                                                                                          func (c *Cookie) String() string

                                                                                            String returns the serialization of the cookie for use in a Cookie header (if only Name and Value are set) or a Set-Cookie response header (if other fields are set). If c is nil or c.Name is invalid, the empty string is returned.

                                                                                            type CookieJar

                                                                                            type CookieJar interface {
                                                                                            	// SetCookies handles the receipt of the cookies in a reply for the
                                                                                            	// given URL.  It may or may not choose to save the cookies, depending
                                                                                            	// on the jar's policy and implementation.
                                                                                            	SetCookies(u *url.URL, cookies []*Cookie)
                                                                                            
                                                                                            	// Cookies returns the cookies to send in a request for the given URL.
                                                                                            	// It is up to the implementation to honor the standard cookie use
                                                                                            	// restrictions such as in RFC 6265.
                                                                                            	Cookies(u *url.URL) []*Cookie
                                                                                            }

                                                                                              A CookieJar manages storage and use of cookies in HTTP requests.

                                                                                              Implementations of CookieJar must be safe for concurrent use by multiple goroutines.

                                                                                              The net/http/cookiejar package provides a CookieJar implementation.

                                                                                              type Dir

                                                                                              type Dir string

                                                                                                A Dir implements FileSystem using the native file system restricted to a specific directory tree.

                                                                                                While the FileSystem.Open method takes '/'-separated paths, a Dir's string value is a filename on the native file system, not a URL, so it is separated by filepath.Separator, which isn't necessarily '/'.

                                                                                                An empty Dir is treated as ".".

                                                                                                func (Dir) Open

                                                                                                func (d Dir) Open(name string) (File, error)

                                                                                                type File

                                                                                                type File interface {
                                                                                                	io.Closer
                                                                                                	io.Reader
                                                                                                	io.Seeker
                                                                                                	Readdir(count int) ([]os.FileInfo, error)
                                                                                                	Stat() (os.FileInfo, error)
                                                                                                }

                                                                                                  A File is returned by a FileSystem's Open method and can be served by the FileServer implementation.

                                                                                                  The methods should behave the same as those on an *os.File.

                                                                                                  type FileSystem

                                                                                                  type FileSystem interface {
                                                                                                  	Open(name string) (File, error)
                                                                                                  }

                                                                                                    A FileSystem implements access to a collection of named files. The elements in a file path are separated by slash ('/', U+002F) characters, regardless of host operating system convention.

                                                                                                    type Flusher

                                                                                                    type Flusher interface {
                                                                                                    	// Flush sends any buffered data to the client.
                                                                                                    	Flush()
                                                                                                    }

                                                                                                      The Flusher interface is implemented by ResponseWriters that allow an HTTP handler to flush buffered data to the client.

                                                                                                      Note that even for ResponseWriters that support Flush, if the client is connected through an HTTP proxy, the buffered data may not reach the client until the response completes.

                                                                                                      type Handler

                                                                                                      type Handler interface {
                                                                                                      	ServeHTTP(ResponseWriter, *Request)
                                                                                                      }

                                                                                                        A Handler responds to an HTTP request.

                                                                                                        ServeHTTP should write reply headers and data to the ResponseWriter and then return. Returning signals that the request is finished; it is not valid to use the ResponseWriter or read from the Request.Body after or concurrently with the completion of the ServeHTTP call.

                                                                                                        Depending on the HTTP client software, HTTP protocol version, and any intermediaries between the client and the Go server, it may not be possible to read from the Request.Body after writing to the ResponseWriter. Cautious handlers should read the Request.Body first, and then reply.

                                                                                                        If ServeHTTP panics, the server (the caller of ServeHTTP) assumes that the effect of the panic was isolated to the active request. It recovers the panic, logs a stack trace to the server error log, and hangs up the connection.

                                                                                                        func FileServer

                                                                                                        func FileServer(root FileSystem) Handler

                                                                                                          FileServer returns a handler that serves HTTP requests with the contents of the file system rooted at root.

                                                                                                          To use the operating system's file system implementation, use http.Dir:

                                                                                                          http.Handle("/", http.FileServer(http.Dir("/tmp")))
                                                                                                          

                                                                                                          As a special case, the returned file server redirects any request ending in "/index.html" to the same path, without the final "index.html".

                                                                                                          Example
                                                                                                          Output:
                                                                                                          
                                                                                                          
                                                                                                          Example (StripPrefix)
                                                                                                          Output:
                                                                                                          
                                                                                                          

                                                                                                          func NotFoundHandler

                                                                                                          func NotFoundHandler() Handler

                                                                                                            NotFoundHandler returns a simple request handler that replies to each request with a “404 page not found” reply.

                                                                                                            func RedirectHandler

                                                                                                            func RedirectHandler(url string, code int) Handler

                                                                                                              RedirectHandler returns a request handler that redirects each request it receives to the given url using the given status code.

                                                                                                              The provided code should be in the 3xx range and is usually StatusMovedPermanently, StatusFound or StatusSeeOther.

                                                                                                              func StripPrefix

                                                                                                              func StripPrefix(prefix string, h Handler) Handler

                                                                                                                StripPrefix returns a handler that serves HTTP requests by removing the given prefix from the request URL's Path and invoking the handler h. StripPrefix handles a request for a path that doesn't begin with prefix by replying with an HTTP 404 not found error.

                                                                                                                Example
                                                                                                                Output:
                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                

                                                                                                                func TimeoutHandler

                                                                                                                func TimeoutHandler(h Handler, dt time.Duration, msg string) Handler

                                                                                                                  TimeoutHandler returns a Handler that runs h with the given time limit.

                                                                                                                  The new Handler calls h.ServeHTTP to handle each request, but if a call runs for longer than its time limit, the handler responds with a 503 Service Unavailable error and the given message in its body. (If msg is empty, a suitable default message will be sent.) After such a timeout, writes by h to its ResponseWriter will return ErrHandlerTimeout.

                                                                                                                  TimeoutHandler buffers all Handler writes to memory and does not support the Hijacker or Flusher interfaces.

                                                                                                                  type HandlerFunc

                                                                                                                  type HandlerFunc func(ResponseWriter, *Request)

                                                                                                                    The HandlerFunc type is an adapter to allow the use of ordinary functions as HTTP handlers. If f is a function with the appropriate signature, HandlerFunc(f) is a Handler that calls f.

                                                                                                                    func (HandlerFunc) ServeHTTP

                                                                                                                    func (f HandlerFunc) ServeHTTP(w ResponseWriter, r *Request)

                                                                                                                      ServeHTTP calls f(w, r).

                                                                                                                      type Header map[string][]string

                                                                                                                        A Header represents the key-value pairs in an HTTP header.

                                                                                                                        func (Header) Add

                                                                                                                        func (h Header) Add(key, value string)

                                                                                                                          Add adds the key, value pair to the header. It appends to any existing values associated with key.

                                                                                                                          func (Header) Del

                                                                                                                          func (h Header) Del(key string)

                                                                                                                            Del deletes the values associated with key.

                                                                                                                            func (Header) Get

                                                                                                                            func (h Header) Get(key string) string

                                                                                                                              Get gets the first value associated with the given key. If there are no values associated with the key, Get returns "". To access multiple values of a key, access the map directly with CanonicalHeaderKey.

                                                                                                                              func (Header) Set

                                                                                                                              func (h Header) Set(key, value string)

                                                                                                                                Set sets the header entries associated with key to the single element value. It replaces any existing values associated with key.

                                                                                                                                func (Header) Write

                                                                                                                                func (h Header) Write(w io.Writer) error

                                                                                                                                  Write writes a header in wire format.

                                                                                                                                  func (Header) WriteSubset

                                                                                                                                  func (h Header) WriteSubset(w io.Writer, exclude map[string]bool) error

                                                                                                                                    WriteSubset writes a header in wire format. If exclude is not nil, keys where exclude[key] == true are not written.

                                                                                                                                    type Hijacker

                                                                                                                                    type Hijacker interface {
                                                                                                                                    	// Hijack lets the caller take over the connection.
                                                                                                                                    	// After a call to Hijack(), the HTTP server library
                                                                                                                                    	// will not do anything else with the connection.
                                                                                                                                    	//
                                                                                                                                    	// It becomes the caller's responsibility to manage
                                                                                                                                    	// and close the connection.
                                                                                                                                    	//
                                                                                                                                    	// The returned net.Conn may have read or write deadlines
                                                                                                                                    	// already set, depending on the configuration of the
                                                                                                                                    	// Server. It is the caller's responsibility to set
                                                                                                                                    	// or clear those deadlines as needed.
                                                                                                                                    	Hijack() (net.Conn, *bufio.ReadWriter, error)
                                                                                                                                    }

                                                                                                                                      The Hijacker interface is implemented by ResponseWriters that allow an HTTP handler to take over the connection.

                                                                                                                                      Example
                                                                                                                                      Output:
                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                      

                                                                                                                                      type ProtocolError

                                                                                                                                      type ProtocolError struct {
                                                                                                                                      	ErrorString string
                                                                                                                                      }

                                                                                                                                        HTTP request parsing errors.

                                                                                                                                        func (*ProtocolError) Error

                                                                                                                                        func (err *ProtocolError) Error() string

                                                                                                                                        type Request

                                                                                                                                        type Request struct {
                                                                                                                                        	// Method specifies the HTTP method (GET, POST, PUT, etc.).
                                                                                                                                        	// For client requests an empty string means GET.
                                                                                                                                        	Method string
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        	// URL specifies either the URI being requested (for server
                                                                                                                                        	// requests) or the URL to access (for client requests).
                                                                                                                                        	//
                                                                                                                                        	// For server requests the URL is parsed from the URI
                                                                                                                                        	// supplied on the Request-Line as stored in RequestURI.  For
                                                                                                                                        	// most requests, fields other than Path and RawQuery will be
                                                                                                                                        	// empty. (See RFC 2616, Section 5.1.2)
                                                                                                                                        	//
                                                                                                                                        	// For client requests, the URL's Host specifies the server to
                                                                                                                                        	// connect to, while the Request's Host field optionally
                                                                                                                                        	// specifies the Host header value to send in the HTTP
                                                                                                                                        	// request.
                                                                                                                                        	URL *url.URL
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        	// The protocol version for incoming server requests.
                                                                                                                                        	//
                                                                                                                                        	// For client requests these fields are ignored. The HTTP
                                                                                                                                        	// client code always uses either HTTP/1.1 or HTTP/2.
                                                                                                                                        	// See the docs on Transport for details.
                                                                                                                                        	Proto      string // "HTTP/1.0"
                                                                                                                                        	ProtoMajor int    // 1
                                                                                                                                        	ProtoMinor int    // 0
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        	// Header contains the request header fields either received
                                                                                                                                        	// by the server or to be sent by the client.
                                                                                                                                        	//
                                                                                                                                        	// If a server received a request with header lines,
                                                                                                                                        	//
                                                                                                                                        	//	Host: example.com
                                                                                                                                        	//	accept-encoding: gzip, deflate
                                                                                                                                        	//	Accept-Language: en-us
                                                                                                                                        	//	fOO: Bar
                                                                                                                                        	//	foo: two
                                                                                                                                        	//
                                                                                                                                        	// then
                                                                                                                                        	//
                                                                                                                                        	//	Header = map[string][]string{
                                                                                                                                        	//		"Accept-Encoding": {"gzip, deflate"},
                                                                                                                                        	//		"Accept-Language": {"en-us"},
                                                                                                                                        	//		"Foo": {"Bar", "two"},
                                                                                                                                        	//	}
                                                                                                                                        	//
                                                                                                                                        	// For incoming requests, the Host header is promoted to the
                                                                                                                                        	// Request.Host field and removed from the Header map.
                                                                                                                                        	//
                                                                                                                                        	// HTTP defines that header names are case-insensitive. The
                                                                                                                                        	// request parser implements this by using CanonicalHeaderKey,
                                                                                                                                        	// making the first character and any characters following a
                                                                                                                                        	// hyphen uppercase and the rest lowercase.
                                                                                                                                        	//
                                                                                                                                        	// For client requests, certain headers such as Content-Length
                                                                                                                                        	// and Connection are automatically written when needed and
                                                                                                                                        	// values in Header may be ignored. See the documentation
                                                                                                                                        	// for the Request.Write method.
                                                                                                                                        	Header Header
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        	// Body is the request's body.
                                                                                                                                        	//
                                                                                                                                        	// For client requests a nil body means the request has no
                                                                                                                                        	// body, such as a GET request. The HTTP Client's Transport
                                                                                                                                        	// is responsible for calling the Close method.
                                                                                                                                        	//
                                                                                                                                        	// For server requests the Request Body is always non-nil
                                                                                                                                        	// but will return EOF immediately when no body is present.
                                                                                                                                        	// The Server will close the request body. The ServeHTTP
                                                                                                                                        	// Handler does not need to.
                                                                                                                                        	Body io.ReadCloser
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        	// ContentLength records the length of the associated content.
                                                                                                                                        	// The value -1 indicates that the length is unknown.
                                                                                                                                        	// Values >= 0 indicate that the given number of bytes may
                                                                                                                                        	// be read from Body.
                                                                                                                                        	// For client requests, a value of 0 means unknown if Body is not nil.
                                                                                                                                        	ContentLength int64
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        	// TransferEncoding lists the transfer encodings from outermost to
                                                                                                                                        	// innermost. An empty list denotes the "identity" encoding.
                                                                                                                                        	// TransferEncoding can usually be ignored; chunked encoding is
                                                                                                                                        	// automatically added and removed as necessary when sending and
                                                                                                                                        	// receiving requests.
                                                                                                                                        	TransferEncoding []string
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        	// Close indicates whether to close the connection after
                                                                                                                                        	// replying to this request (for servers) or after sending this
                                                                                                                                        	// request and reading its response (for clients).
                                                                                                                                        	//
                                                                                                                                        	// For server requests, the HTTP server handles this automatically
                                                                                                                                        	// and this field is not needed by Handlers.
                                                                                                                                        	//
                                                                                                                                        	// For client requests, setting this field prevents re-use of
                                                                                                                                        	// TCP connections between requests to the same hosts, as if
                                                                                                                                        	// Transport.DisableKeepAlives were set.
                                                                                                                                        	Close bool
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        	// For server requests Host specifies the host on which the
                                                                                                                                        	// URL is sought. Per RFC 2616, this is either the value of
                                                                                                                                        	// the "Host" header or the host name given in the URL itself.
                                                                                                                                        	// It may be of the form "host:port".
                                                                                                                                        	//
                                                                                                                                        	// For client requests Host optionally overrides the Host
                                                                                                                                        	// header to send. If empty, the Request.Write method uses
                                                                                                                                        	// the value of URL.Host.
                                                                                                                                        	Host string
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        	// Form contains the parsed form data, including both the URL
                                                                                                                                        	// field's query parameters and the POST or PUT form data.
                                                                                                                                        	// This field is only available after ParseForm is called.
                                                                                                                                        	// The HTTP client ignores Form and uses Body instead.
                                                                                                                                        	Form url.Values
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        	// PostForm contains the parsed form data from POST, PATCH,
                                                                                                                                        	// or PUT body parameters.
                                                                                                                                        	//
                                                                                                                                        	// This field is only available after ParseForm is called.
                                                                                                                                        	// The HTTP client ignores PostForm and uses Body instead.
                                                                                                                                        	PostForm url.Values
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        	// MultipartForm is the parsed multipart form, including file uploads.
                                                                                                                                        	// This field is only available after ParseMultipartForm is called.
                                                                                                                                        	// The HTTP client ignores MultipartForm and uses Body instead.
                                                                                                                                        	MultipartForm *multipart.Form
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        	// Trailer specifies additional headers that are sent after the request
                                                                                                                                        	// body.
                                                                                                                                        	//
                                                                                                                                        	// For server requests the Trailer map initially contains only the
                                                                                                                                        	// trailer keys, with nil values. (The client declares which trailers it
                                                                                                                                        	// will later send.)  While the handler is reading from Body, it must
                                                                                                                                        	// not reference Trailer. After reading from Body returns EOF, Trailer
                                                                                                                                        	// can be read again and will contain non-nil values, if they were sent
                                                                                                                                        	// by the client.
                                                                                                                                        	//
                                                                                                                                        	// For client requests Trailer must be initialized to a map containing
                                                                                                                                        	// the trailer keys to later send. The values may be nil or their final
                                                                                                                                        	// values. The ContentLength must be 0 or -1, to send a chunked request.
                                                                                                                                        	// After the HTTP request is sent the map values can be updated while
                                                                                                                                        	// the request body is read. Once the body returns EOF, the caller must
                                                                                                                                        	// not mutate Trailer.
                                                                                                                                        	//
                                                                                                                                        	// Few HTTP clients, servers, or proxies support HTTP trailers.
                                                                                                                                        	Trailer Header
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        	// RemoteAddr allows HTTP servers and other software to record
                                                                                                                                        	// the network address that sent the request, usually for
                                                                                                                                        	// logging. This field is not filled in by ReadRequest and
                                                                                                                                        	// has no defined format. The HTTP server in this package
                                                                                                                                        	// sets RemoteAddr to an "IP:port" address before invoking a
                                                                                                                                        	// handler.
                                                                                                                                        	// This field is ignored by the HTTP client.
                                                                                                                                        	RemoteAddr string
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        	// RequestURI is the unmodified Request-URI of the
                                                                                                                                        	// Request-Line (RFC 2616, Section 5.1) as sent by the client
                                                                                                                                        	// to a server. Usually the URL field should be used instead.
                                                                                                                                        	// It is an error to set this field in an HTTP client request.
                                                                                                                                        	RequestURI string
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        	// TLS allows HTTP servers and other software to record
                                                                                                                                        	// information about the TLS connection on which the request
                                                                                                                                        	// was received. This field is not filled in by ReadRequest.
                                                                                                                                        	// The HTTP server in this package sets the field for
                                                                                                                                        	// TLS-enabled connections before invoking a handler;
                                                                                                                                        	// otherwise it leaves the field nil.
                                                                                                                                        	// This field is ignored by the HTTP client.
                                                                                                                                        	TLS *tls.ConnectionState
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        	// Cancel is an optional channel whose closure indicates that the client
                                                                                                                                        	// request should be regarded as canceled. Not all implementations of
                                                                                                                                        	// RoundTripper may support Cancel.
                                                                                                                                        	//
                                                                                                                                        	// For server requests, this field is not applicable.
                                                                                                                                        	Cancel <-chan struct{}
                                                                                                                                        }

                                                                                                                                          A Request represents an HTTP request received by a server or to be sent by a client.

                                                                                                                                          The field semantics differ slightly between client and server usage. In addition to the notes on the fields below, see the documentation for Request.Write and RoundTripper.

                                                                                                                                          func NewRequest

                                                                                                                                          func NewRequest(method, urlStr string, body io.Reader) (*Request, error)

                                                                                                                                            NewRequest returns a new Request given a method, URL, and optional body.

                                                                                                                                            If the provided body is also an io.Closer, the returned Request.Body is set to body and will be closed by the Client methods Do, Post, and PostForm, and Transport.RoundTrip.

                                                                                                                                            NewRequest returns a Request suitable for use with Client.Do or Transport.RoundTrip. To create a request for use with testing a Server Handler use either ReadRequest or manually update the Request fields. See the Request type's documentation for the difference between inbound and outbound request fields.

                                                                                                                                            func ReadRequest

                                                                                                                                            func ReadRequest(b *bufio.Reader) (req *Request, err error)

                                                                                                                                              ReadRequest reads and parses an incoming request from b.

                                                                                                                                              func (*Request) AddCookie

                                                                                                                                              func (r *Request) AddCookie(c *Cookie)

                                                                                                                                                AddCookie adds a cookie to the request. Per RFC 6265 section 5.4, AddCookie does not attach more than one Cookie header field. That means all cookies, if any, are written into the same line, separated by semicolon.

                                                                                                                                                func (*Request) BasicAuth

                                                                                                                                                func (r *Request) BasicAuth() (username, password string, ok bool)

                                                                                                                                                  BasicAuth returns the username and password provided in the request's Authorization header, if the request uses HTTP Basic Authentication. See RFC 2617, Section 2.

                                                                                                                                                  func (*Request) Cookie

                                                                                                                                                  func (r *Request) Cookie(name string) (*Cookie, error)

                                                                                                                                                    Cookie returns the named cookie provided in the request or ErrNoCookie if not found.

                                                                                                                                                    func (*Request) Cookies

                                                                                                                                                    func (r *Request) Cookies() []*Cookie

                                                                                                                                                      Cookies parses and returns the HTTP cookies sent with the request.

                                                                                                                                                      func (*Request) FormFile

                                                                                                                                                      func (r *Request) FormFile(key string) (multipart.File, *multipart.FileHeader, error)

                                                                                                                                                        FormFile returns the first file for the provided form key. FormFile calls ParseMultipartForm and ParseForm if necessary.

                                                                                                                                                        func (*Request) FormValue

                                                                                                                                                        func (r *Request) FormValue(key string) string

                                                                                                                                                          FormValue returns the first value for the named component of the query. POST and PUT body parameters take precedence over URL query string values. FormValue calls ParseMultipartForm and ParseForm if necessary and ignores any errors returned by these functions. If key is not present, FormValue returns the empty string. To access multiple values of the same key, call ParseForm and then inspect Request.Form directly.

                                                                                                                                                          func (*Request) MultipartReader

                                                                                                                                                          func (r *Request) MultipartReader() (*multipart.Reader, error)

                                                                                                                                                            MultipartReader returns a MIME multipart reader if this is a multipart/form-data POST request, else returns nil and an error. Use this function instead of ParseMultipartForm to process the request body as a stream.

                                                                                                                                                            func (*Request) ParseForm

                                                                                                                                                            func (r *Request) ParseForm() error

                                                                                                                                                              ParseForm parses the raw query from the URL and updates r.Form.

                                                                                                                                                              For POST or PUT requests, it also parses the request body as a form and put the results into both r.PostForm and r.Form. POST and PUT body parameters take precedence over URL query string values in r.Form.

                                                                                                                                                              If the request Body's size has not already been limited by MaxBytesReader, the size is capped at 10MB.

                                                                                                                                                              ParseMultipartForm calls ParseForm automatically. It is idempotent.

                                                                                                                                                              func (*Request) ParseMultipartForm

                                                                                                                                                              func (r *Request) ParseMultipartForm(maxMemory int64) error

                                                                                                                                                                ParseMultipartForm parses a request body as multipart/form-data. The whole request body is parsed and up to a total of maxMemory bytes of its file parts are stored in memory, with the remainder stored on disk in temporary files. ParseMultipartForm calls ParseForm if necessary. After one call to ParseMultipartForm, subsequent calls have no effect.

                                                                                                                                                                func (*Request) PostFormValue

                                                                                                                                                                func (r *Request) PostFormValue(key string) string

                                                                                                                                                                  PostFormValue returns the first value for the named component of the POST or PUT request body. URL query parameters are ignored. PostFormValue calls ParseMultipartForm and ParseForm if necessary and ignores any errors returned by these functions. If key is not present, PostFormValue returns the empty string.

                                                                                                                                                                  func (*Request) ProtoAtLeast

                                                                                                                                                                  func (r *Request) ProtoAtLeast(major, minor int) bool

                                                                                                                                                                    ProtoAtLeast reports whether the HTTP protocol used in the request is at least major.minor.

                                                                                                                                                                    func (*Request) Referer

                                                                                                                                                                    func (r *Request) Referer() string

                                                                                                                                                                      Referer returns the referring URL, if sent in the request.

                                                                                                                                                                      Referer is misspelled as in the request itself, a mistake from the earliest days of HTTP. This value can also be fetched from the Header map as Header["Referer"]; the benefit of making it available as a method is that the compiler can diagnose programs that use the alternate (correct English) spelling req.Referrer() but cannot diagnose programs that use Header["Referrer"].

                                                                                                                                                                      func (*Request) SetBasicAuth

                                                                                                                                                                      func (r *Request) SetBasicAuth(username, password string)

                                                                                                                                                                        SetBasicAuth sets the request's Authorization header to use HTTP Basic Authentication with the provided username and password.

                                                                                                                                                                        With HTTP Basic Authentication the provided username and password are not encrypted.

                                                                                                                                                                        func (*Request) UserAgent

                                                                                                                                                                        func (r *Request) UserAgent() string

                                                                                                                                                                          UserAgent returns the client's User-Agent, if sent in the request.

                                                                                                                                                                          func (*Request) Write

                                                                                                                                                                          func (r *Request) Write(w io.Writer) error

                                                                                                                                                                            Write writes an HTTP/1.1 request, which is the header and body, in wire format. This method consults the following fields of the request:

                                                                                                                                                                            Host
                                                                                                                                                                            URL
                                                                                                                                                                            Method (defaults to "GET")
                                                                                                                                                                            Header
                                                                                                                                                                            ContentLength
                                                                                                                                                                            TransferEncoding
                                                                                                                                                                            Body
                                                                                                                                                                            

                                                                                                                                                                            If Body is present, Content-Length is <= 0 and TransferEncoding hasn't been set to "identity", Write adds "Transfer-Encoding: chunked" to the header. Body is closed after it is sent.

                                                                                                                                                                            func (*Request) WriteProxy

                                                                                                                                                                            func (r *Request) WriteProxy(w io.Writer) error

                                                                                                                                                                              WriteProxy is like Write but writes the request in the form expected by an HTTP proxy. In particular, WriteProxy writes the initial Request-URI line of the request with an absolute URI, per section 5.1.2 of RFC 2616, including the scheme and host. In either case, WriteProxy also writes a Host header, using either r.Host or r.URL.Host.

                                                                                                                                                                              type Response

                                                                                                                                                                              type Response struct {
                                                                                                                                                                              	Status     string // e.g. "200 OK"
                                                                                                                                                                              	StatusCode int    // e.g. 200
                                                                                                                                                                              	Proto      string // e.g. "HTTP/1.0"
                                                                                                                                                                              	ProtoMajor int    // e.g. 1
                                                                                                                                                                              	ProtoMinor int    // e.g. 0
                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                              	// Header maps header keys to values.  If the response had multiple
                                                                                                                                                                              	// headers with the same key, they may be concatenated, with comma
                                                                                                                                                                              	// delimiters.  (Section 4.2 of RFC 2616 requires that multiple headers
                                                                                                                                                                              	// be semantically equivalent to a comma-delimited sequence.) Values
                                                                                                                                                                              	// duplicated by other fields in this struct (e.g., ContentLength) are
                                                                                                                                                                              	// omitted from Header.
                                                                                                                                                                              	//
                                                                                                                                                                              	// Keys in the map are canonicalized (see CanonicalHeaderKey).
                                                                                                                                                                              	Header Header
                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                              	// Body represents the response body.
                                                                                                                                                                              	//
                                                                                                                                                                              	// The http Client and Transport guarantee that Body is always
                                                                                                                                                                              	// non-nil, even on responses without a body or responses with
                                                                                                                                                                              	// a zero-length body. It is the caller's responsibility to
                                                                                                                                                                              	// close Body. The default HTTP client's Transport does not
                                                                                                                                                                              	// attempt to reuse HTTP/1.0 or HTTP/1.1 TCP connections
                                                                                                                                                                              	// ("keep-alive") unless the Body is read to completion and is
                                                                                                                                                                              	// closed.
                                                                                                                                                                              	//
                                                                                                                                                                              	// The Body is automatically dechunked if the server replied
                                                                                                                                                                              	// with a "chunked" Transfer-Encoding.
                                                                                                                                                                              	Body io.ReadCloser
                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                              	// ContentLength records the length of the associated content.  The
                                                                                                                                                                              	// value -1 indicates that the length is unknown.  Unless Request.Method
                                                                                                                                                                              	// is "HEAD", values >= 0 indicate that the given number of bytes may
                                                                                                                                                                              	// be read from Body.
                                                                                                                                                                              	ContentLength int64
                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                              	// Contains transfer encodings from outer-most to inner-most. Value is
                                                                                                                                                                              	// nil, means that "identity" encoding is used.
                                                                                                                                                                              	TransferEncoding []string
                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                              	// Close records whether the header directed that the connection be
                                                                                                                                                                              	// closed after reading Body.  The value is advice for clients: neither
                                                                                                                                                                              	// ReadResponse nor Response.Write ever closes a connection.
                                                                                                                                                                              	Close bool
                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                              	// Trailer maps trailer keys to values in the same
                                                                                                                                                                              	// format as Header.
                                                                                                                                                                              	//
                                                                                                                                                                              	// The Trailer initially contains only nil values, one for
                                                                                                                                                                              	// each key specified in the server's "Trailer" header
                                                                                                                                                                              	// value. Those values are not added to Header.
                                                                                                                                                                              	//
                                                                                                                                                                              	// Trailer must not be accessed concurrently with Read calls
                                                                                                                                                                              	// on the Body.
                                                                                                                                                                              	//
                                                                                                                                                                              	// After Body.Read has returned io.EOF, Trailer will contain
                                                                                                                                                                              	// any trailer values sent by the server.
                                                                                                                                                                              	Trailer Header
                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                              	// The Request that was sent to obtain this Response.
                                                                                                                                                                              	// Request's Body is nil (having already been consumed).
                                                                                                                                                                              	// This is only populated for Client requests.
                                                                                                                                                                              	Request *Request
                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                                              	// TLS contains information about the TLS connection on which the
                                                                                                                                                                              	// response was received. It is nil for unencrypted responses.
                                                                                                                                                                              	// The pointer is shared between responses and should not be
                                                                                                                                                                              	// modified.
                                                                                                                                                                              	TLS *tls.ConnectionState
                                                                                                                                                                              }

                                                                                                                                                                                Response represents the response from an HTTP request.

                                                                                                                                                                                func Get

                                                                                                                                                                                func Get(url string) (resp *Response, err error)

                                                                                                                                                                                  Get issues a GET to the specified URL. If the response is one of the following redirect codes, Get follows the redirect, up to a maximum of 10 redirects:

                                                                                                                                                                                  301 (Moved Permanently)
                                                                                                                                                                                  302 (Found)
                                                                                                                                                                                  303 (See Other)
                                                                                                                                                                                  307 (Temporary Redirect)
                                                                                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                                                                                  An error is returned if there were too many redirects or if there was an HTTP protocol error. A non-2xx response doesn't cause an error.

                                                                                                                                                                                  When err is nil, resp always contains a non-nil resp.Body. Caller should close resp.Body when done reading from it.

                                                                                                                                                                                  Get is a wrapper around DefaultClient.Get.

                                                                                                                                                                                  To make a request with custom headers, use NewRequest and DefaultClient.Do.

                                                                                                                                                                                  Example
                                                                                                                                                                                  Output:
                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                  func Head(url string) (resp *Response, err error)

                                                                                                                                                                                    Head issues a HEAD to the specified URL. If the response is one of the following redirect codes, Head follows the redirect, up to a maximum of 10 redirects:

                                                                                                                                                                                    301 (Moved Permanently)
                                                                                                                                                                                    302 (Found)
                                                                                                                                                                                    303 (See Other)
                                                                                                                                                                                    307 (Temporary Redirect)
                                                                                                                                                                                    

                                                                                                                                                                                    Head is a wrapper around DefaultClient.Head

                                                                                                                                                                                    func Post

                                                                                                                                                                                    func Post(url string, bodyType string, body io.Reader) (resp *Response, err error)

                                                                                                                                                                                      Post issues a POST to the specified URL.

                                                                                                                                                                                      Caller should close resp.Body when done reading from it.

                                                                                                                                                                                      If the provided body is an io.Closer, it is closed after the request.

                                                                                                                                                                                      Post is a wrapper around DefaultClient.Post.

                                                                                                                                                                                      To set custom headers, use NewRequest and DefaultClient.Do.

                                                                                                                                                                                      func PostForm

                                                                                                                                                                                      func PostForm(url string, data url.Values) (resp *Response, err error)

                                                                                                                                                                                        PostForm issues a POST to the specified URL, with data's keys and values URL-encoded as the request body.

                                                                                                                                                                                        The Content-Type header is set to application/x-www-form-urlencoded. To set other headers, use NewRequest and DefaultClient.Do.

                                                                                                                                                                                        When err is nil, resp always contains a non-nil resp.Body. Caller should close resp.Body when done reading from it.

                                                                                                                                                                                        PostForm is a wrapper around DefaultClient.PostForm.

                                                                                                                                                                                        func ReadResponse

                                                                                                                                                                                        func ReadResponse(r *bufio.Reader, req *Request) (*Response, error)

                                                                                                                                                                                          ReadResponse reads and returns an HTTP response from r. The req parameter optionally specifies the Request that corresponds to this Response. If nil, a GET request is assumed. Clients must call resp.Body.Close when finished reading resp.Body. After that call, clients can inspect resp.Trailer to find key/value pairs included in the response trailer.

                                                                                                                                                                                          func (*Response) Cookies

                                                                                                                                                                                          func (r *Response) Cookies() []*Cookie

                                                                                                                                                                                            Cookies parses and returns the cookies set in the Set-Cookie headers.

                                                                                                                                                                                            func (*Response) Location

                                                                                                                                                                                            func (r *Response) Location() (*url.URL, error)

                                                                                                                                                                                              Location returns the URL of the response's "Location" header, if present. Relative redirects are resolved relative to the Response's Request. ErrNoLocation is returned if no Location header is present.

                                                                                                                                                                                              func (*Response) ProtoAtLeast

                                                                                                                                                                                              func (r *Response) ProtoAtLeast(major, minor int) bool

                                                                                                                                                                                                ProtoAtLeast reports whether the HTTP protocol used in the response is at least major.minor.

                                                                                                                                                                                                func (*Response) Write

                                                                                                                                                                                                func (r *Response) Write(w io.Writer) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Write writes r to w in the HTTP/1.n server response format, including the status line, headers, body, and optional trailer.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  This method consults the following fields of the response r:

                                                                                                                                                                                                  StatusCode
                                                                                                                                                                                                  ProtoMajor
                                                                                                                                                                                                  ProtoMinor
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Request.Method
                                                                                                                                                                                                  TransferEncoding
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Trailer
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Body
                                                                                                                                                                                                  ContentLength
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Header, values for non-canonical keys will have unpredictable behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                                                                                                  The Response Body is closed after it is sent.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  type ResponseWriter

                                                                                                                                                                                                  type ResponseWriter interface {
                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// Header returns the header map that will be sent by
                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// WriteHeader. Changing the header after a call to
                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// WriteHeader (or Write) has no effect unless the modified
                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// headers were declared as trailers by setting the
                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// "Trailer" header before the call to WriteHeader (see example).
                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// To suppress implicit response headers, set their value to nil.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  	Header() Header
                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// Write writes the data to the connection as part of an HTTP reply.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// If WriteHeader has not yet been called, Write calls WriteHeader(http.StatusOK)
                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// before writing the data.  If the Header does not contain a
                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// Content-Type line, Write adds a Content-Type set to the result of passing
                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// the initial 512 bytes of written data to DetectContentType.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  	Write([]byte) (int, error)
                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// WriteHeader sends an HTTP response header with status code.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// If WriteHeader is not called explicitly, the first call to Write
                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// will trigger an implicit WriteHeader(http.StatusOK).
                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// Thus explicit calls to WriteHeader are mainly used to
                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// send error codes.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  	WriteHeader(int)
                                                                                                                                                                                                  }

                                                                                                                                                                                                    A ResponseWriter interface is used by an HTTP handler to construct an HTTP response.

                                                                                                                                                                                                    A ResponseWriter may not be used after the Handler.ServeHTTP method has returned.

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Example (Trailers)

                                                                                                                                                                                                      HTTP Trailers are a set of key/value pairs like headers that come after the HTTP response, instead of before.

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Output:
                                                                                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                                                                                      

                                                                                                                                                                                                      type RoundTripper

                                                                                                                                                                                                      type RoundTripper interface {
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	// RoundTrip executes a single HTTP transaction, returning
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	// a Response for the provided Request.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	//
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	// RoundTrip should not attempt to interpret the response. In
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	// particular, RoundTrip must return err == nil if it obtained
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	// a response, regardless of the response's HTTP status code.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	// A non-nil err should be reserved for failure to obtain a
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	// response. Similarly, RoundTrip should not attempt to
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	// handle higher-level protocol details such as redirects,
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	// authentication, or cookies.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	//
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	// RoundTrip should not modify the request, except for
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	// consuming and closing the Request's Body.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	//
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	// RoundTrip must always close the body, including on errors,
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	// but depending on the implementation may do so in a separate
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	// goroutine even after RoundTrip returns. This means that
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	// callers wanting to reuse the body for subsequent requests
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	// must arrange to wait for the Close call before doing so.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	//
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	// The Request's URL and Header fields must be initialized.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      	RoundTrip(*Request) (*Response, error)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      }

                                                                                                                                                                                                        RoundTripper is an interface representing the ability to execute a single HTTP transaction, obtaining the Response for a given Request.

                                                                                                                                                                                                        A RoundTripper must be safe for concurrent use by multiple goroutines.

                                                                                                                                                                                                        var DefaultTransport RoundTripper = &Transport{
                                                                                                                                                                                                        	Proxy: ProxyFromEnvironment,
                                                                                                                                                                                                        	Dial: (&net.Dialer{
                                                                                                                                                                                                        		Timeout:   30 * time.Second,
                                                                                                                                                                                                        		KeepAlive: 30 * time.Second,
                                                                                                                                                                                                        	}).Dial,
                                                                                                                                                                                                        	TLSHandshakeTimeout:   10 * time.Second,
                                                                                                                                                                                                        	ExpectContinueTimeout: 1 * time.Second,
                                                                                                                                                                                                        }

                                                                                                                                                                                                          DefaultTransport is the default implementation of Transport and is used by DefaultClient. It establishes network connections as needed and caches them for reuse by subsequent calls. It uses HTTP proxies as directed by the $HTTP_PROXY and $NO_PROXY (or $http_proxy and $no_proxy) environment variables.

                                                                                                                                                                                                          func NewFileTransport

                                                                                                                                                                                                          func NewFileTransport(fs FileSystem) RoundTripper

                                                                                                                                                                                                            NewFileTransport returns a new RoundTripper, serving the provided FileSystem. The returned RoundTripper ignores the URL host in its incoming requests, as well as most other properties of the request.

                                                                                                                                                                                                            The typical use case for NewFileTransport is to register the "file" protocol with a Transport, as in:

                                                                                                                                                                                                            t := &http.Transport{}
                                                                                                                                                                                                            t.RegisterProtocol("file", http.NewFileTransport(http.Dir("/")))
                                                                                                                                                                                                            c := &http.Client{Transport: t}
                                                                                                                                                                                                            res, err := c.Get("file:///etc/passwd")
                                                                                                                                                                                                            ...
                                                                                                                                                                                                            

                                                                                                                                                                                                            type ServeMux

                                                                                                                                                                                                            type ServeMux struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                                            	// contains filtered or unexported fields
                                                                                                                                                                                                            }

                                                                                                                                                                                                              ServeMux is an HTTP request multiplexer. It matches the URL of each incoming request against a list of registered patterns and calls the handler for the pattern that most closely matches the URL.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Patterns name fixed, rooted paths, like "/favicon.ico", or rooted subtrees, like "/images/" (note the trailing slash). Longer patterns take precedence over shorter ones, so that if there are handlers registered for both "/images/" and "/images/thumbnails/", the latter handler will be called for paths beginning "/images/thumbnails/" and the former will receive requests for any other paths in the "/images/" subtree.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Note that since a pattern ending in a slash names a rooted subtree, the pattern "/" matches all paths not matched by other registered patterns, not just the URL with Path == "/".

                                                                                                                                                                                                              If a subtree has been registered and a request is received naming the subtree root without its trailing slash, ServeMux redirects that request to the subtree root (adding the trailing slash). This behavior can be overridden with a separate registration for the path without the trailing slash. For example, registering "/images/" causes ServeMux to redirect a request for "/images" to "/images/", unless "/images" has been registered separately.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Patterns may optionally begin with a host name, restricting matches to URLs on that host only. Host-specific patterns take precedence over general patterns, so that a handler might register for the two patterns "/codesearch" and "codesearch.google.com/" without also taking over requests for "http://www.google.com/".

                                                                                                                                                                                                              ServeMux also takes care of sanitizing the URL request path, redirecting any request containing . or .. elements or repeated slashes to an equivalent, cleaner URL.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              func NewServeMux

                                                                                                                                                                                                              func NewServeMux() *ServeMux

                                                                                                                                                                                                                NewServeMux allocates and returns a new ServeMux.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (*ServeMux) Handle

                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (mux *ServeMux) Handle(pattern string, handler Handler)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Handle registers the handler for the given pattern. If a handler already exists for pattern, Handle panics.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Example
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Output:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (*ServeMux) HandleFunc

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (mux *ServeMux) HandleFunc(pattern string, handler func(ResponseWriter, *Request))

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    HandleFunc registers the handler function for the given pattern.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (*ServeMux) Handler

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (mux *ServeMux) Handler(r *Request) (h Handler, pattern string)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Handler returns the handler to use for the given request, consulting r.Method, r.Host, and r.URL.Path. It always returns a non-nil handler. If the path is not in its canonical form, the handler will be an internally-generated handler that redirects to the canonical path.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Handler also returns the registered pattern that matches the request or, in the case of internally-generated redirects, the pattern that will match after following the redirect.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      If there is no registered handler that applies to the request, Handler returns a “page not found” handler and an empty pattern.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (*ServeMux) ServeHTTP

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (mux *ServeMux) ServeHTTP(w ResponseWriter, r *Request)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ServeHTTP dispatches the request to the handler whose pattern most closely matches the request URL.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        type Server

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        type Server struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	Addr           string        // TCP address to listen on, ":http" if empty
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	Handler        Handler       // handler to invoke, http.DefaultServeMux if nil
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	ReadTimeout    time.Duration // maximum duration before timing out read of the request
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	WriteTimeout   time.Duration // maximum duration before timing out write of the response
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	MaxHeaderBytes int           // maximum size of request headers, DefaultMaxHeaderBytes if 0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	TLSConfig      *tls.Config   // optional TLS config, used by ListenAndServeTLS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	// TLSNextProto optionally specifies a function to take over
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	// ownership of the provided TLS connection when an NPN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	// protocol upgrade has occurred.  The map key is the protocol
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	// name negotiated. The Handler argument should be used to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	// handle HTTP requests and will initialize the Request's TLS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	// and RemoteAddr if not already set.  The connection is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	// automatically closed when the function returns.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	// If TLSNextProto is nil, HTTP/2 support is enabled automatically.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	TLSNextProto map[string]func(*Server, *tls.Conn, Handler)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	// ConnState specifies an optional callback function that is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	// called when a client connection changes state. See the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	// ConnState type and associated constants for details.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	ConnState func(net.Conn, ConnState)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	// ErrorLog specifies an optional logger for errors accepting
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	// connections and unexpected behavior from handlers.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	// If nil, logging goes to os.Stderr via the log package's
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	// standard logger.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	ErrorLog *log.Logger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	// contains filtered or unexported fields
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        }

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          A Server defines parameters for running an HTTP server. The zero value for Server is a valid configuration.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (*Server) ListenAndServe

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (srv *Server) ListenAndServe() error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ListenAndServe listens on the TCP network address srv.Addr and then calls Serve to handle requests on incoming connections. Accepted connections are configured to enable TCP keep-alives. If srv.Addr is blank, ":http" is used. ListenAndServe always returns a non-nil error.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (*Server) ListenAndServeTLS

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (srv *Server) ListenAndServeTLS(certFile, keyFile string) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ListenAndServeTLS listens on the TCP network address srv.Addr and then calls Serve to handle requests on incoming TLS connections. Accepted connections are configured to enable TCP keep-alives.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Filenames containing a certificate and matching private key for the server must be provided if neither the Server's TLSConfig.Certificates nor TLSConfig.GetCertificate are populated. If the certificate is signed by a certificate authority, the certFile should be the concatenation of the server's certificate, any intermediates, and the CA's certificate.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              If srv.Addr is blank, ":https" is used.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ListenAndServeTLS always returns a non-nil error.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (*Server) Serve

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (srv *Server) Serve(l net.Listener) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Serve accepts incoming connections on the Listener l, creating a new service goroutine for each. The service goroutines read requests and then call srv.Handler to reply to them. Serve always returns a non-nil error.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (*Server) SetKeepAlivesEnabled

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (srv *Server) SetKeepAlivesEnabled(v bool)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  SetKeepAlivesEnabled controls whether HTTP keep-alives are enabled. By default, keep-alives are always enabled. Only very resource-constrained environments or servers in the process of shutting down should disable them.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  type Transport

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  type Transport struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// Proxy specifies a function to return a proxy for a given
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// Request. If the function returns a non-nil error, the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// request is aborted with the provided error.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// If Proxy is nil or returns a nil *URL, no proxy is used.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	Proxy func(*Request) (*url.URL, error)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// Dial specifies the dial function for creating unencrypted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// TCP connections.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// If Dial is nil, net.Dial is used.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	Dial func(network, addr string) (net.Conn, error)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// DialTLS specifies an optional dial function for creating
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// TLS connections for non-proxied HTTPS requests.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	//
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// If DialTLS is nil, Dial and TLSClientConfig are used.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	//
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// If DialTLS is set, the Dial hook is not used for HTTPS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// requests and the TLSClientConfig and TLSHandshakeTimeout
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// are ignored. The returned net.Conn is assumed to already be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// past the TLS handshake.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	DialTLS func(network, addr string) (net.Conn, error)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// TLSClientConfig specifies the TLS configuration to use with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// tls.Client. If nil, the default configuration is used.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	TLSClientConfig *tls.Config
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// TLSHandshakeTimeout specifies the maximum amount of time waiting to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// wait for a TLS handshake. Zero means no timeout.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	TLSHandshakeTimeout time.Duration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// DisableKeepAlives, if true, prevents re-use of TCP connections
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// between different HTTP requests.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	DisableKeepAlives bool
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// DisableCompression, if true, prevents the Transport from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// requesting compression with an "Accept-Encoding: gzip"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// request header when the Request contains no existing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// Accept-Encoding value. If the Transport requests gzip on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// its own and gets a gzipped response, it's transparently
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// decoded in the Response.Body. However, if the user
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// explicitly requested gzip it is not automatically
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// uncompressed.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	DisableCompression bool
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// MaxIdleConnsPerHost, if non-zero, controls the maximum idle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// (keep-alive) to keep per-host.  If zero,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// DefaultMaxIdleConnsPerHost is used.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	MaxIdleConnsPerHost int
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// ResponseHeaderTimeout, if non-zero, specifies the amount of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// time to wait for a server's response headers after fully
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// writing the request (including its body, if any). This
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// time does not include the time to read the response body.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	ResponseHeaderTimeout time.Duration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// ExpectContinueTimeout, if non-zero, specifies the amount of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// time to wait for a server's first response headers after fully
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// writing the request headers if the request has an
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// "Expect: 100-continue" header. Zero means no timeout.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// This time does not include the time to send the request header.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	ExpectContinueTimeout time.Duration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// TLSNextProto specifies how the Transport switches to an
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// alternate protocol (such as HTTP/2) after a TLS NPN/ALPN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// protocol negotiation.  If Transport dials an TLS connection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// with a non-empty protocol name and TLSNextProto contains a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// map entry for that key (such as "h2"), then the func is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// called with the request's authority (such as "example.com"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// or "example.com:1234") and the TLS connection. The function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// must return a RoundTripper that then handles the request.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// If TLSNextProto is nil, HTTP/2 support is enabled automatically.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	TLSNextProto map[string]func(authority string, c *tls.Conn) RoundTripper
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// contains filtered or unexported fields
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  }

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Transport is an implementation of RoundTripper that supports HTTP, HTTPS, and HTTP proxies (for either HTTP or HTTPS with CONNECT).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    By default, Transport caches connections for future re-use. This may leave many open connections when accessing many hosts. This behavior can be managed using Transport's CloseIdleConnections method and the MaxIdleConnsPerHost and DisableKeepAlives fields.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Transports should be reused instead of created as needed. Transports are safe for concurrent use by multiple goroutines.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    A Transport is a low-level primitive for making HTTP and HTTPS requests. For high-level functionality, such as cookies and redirects, see Client.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Transport uses HTTP/1.1 for HTTP URLs and either HTTP/1.1 or HTTP/2 for HTTPS URLs, depending on whether the server supports HTTP/2. See the package docs for more about HTTP/2.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (*Transport) CancelRequest

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (t *Transport) CancelRequest(req *Request)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      CancelRequest cancels an in-flight request by closing its connection. CancelRequest should only be called after RoundTrip has returned.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Deprecated: Use Request.Cancel instead. CancelRequest can not cancel HTTP/2 requests.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (*Transport) CloseIdleConnections

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (t *Transport) CloseIdleConnections()

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        CloseIdleConnections closes any connections which were previously connected from previous requests but are now sitting idle in a "keep-alive" state. It does not interrupt any connections currently in use.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (*Transport) RegisterProtocol

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (t *Transport) RegisterProtocol(scheme string, rt RoundTripper)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          RegisterProtocol registers a new protocol with scheme. The Transport will pass requests using the given scheme to rt. It is rt's responsibility to simulate HTTP request semantics.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          RegisterProtocol can be used by other packages to provide implementations of protocol schemes like "ftp" or "file".

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          If rt.RoundTrip returns ErrSkipAltProtocol, the Transport will handle the RoundTrip itself for that one request, as if the protocol were not registered.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (*Transport) RoundTrip

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (t *Transport) RoundTrip(req *Request) (*Response, error)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            RoundTrip implements the RoundTripper interface.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            For higher-level HTTP client support (such as handling of cookies and redirects), see Get, Post, and the Client type.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Directories

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Path Synopsis
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Package cgi implements CGI (Common Gateway Interface) as specified in RFC 3875.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Package cgi implements CGI (Common Gateway Interface) as specified in RFC 3875.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Package cookiejar implements an in-memory RFC 6265-compliant http.CookieJar.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Package cookiejar implements an in-memory RFC 6265-compliant http.CookieJar.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Package fcgi implements the FastCGI protocol.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Package fcgi implements the FastCGI protocol.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Package httptest provides utilities for HTTP testing.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Package httptest provides utilities for HTTP testing.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Package httputil provides HTTP utility functions, complementing the more common ones in the net/http package.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Package httputil provides HTTP utility functions, complementing the more common ones in the net/http package.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Package pprof serves via its HTTP server runtime profiling data in the format expected by the pprof visualization tool.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Package pprof serves via its HTTP server runtime profiling data in the format expected by the pprof visualization tool.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Package internal contains HTTP internals shared by net/http and net/http/httputil.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Package internal contains HTTP internals shared by net/http and net/http/httputil.