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zgo.at/zlog

Package zlog

v1.0.10
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Published: Mar 16, 2020 | License: MIT | Module: zgo.at/zlog

Module

zgo.at/zlog

README

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Go logging library. Canonical import path: zgo.at/zlog. You will need Go 1.11 or newer.

The main goal is to offer a friendly and ergonomic API. Getting the maximum possible amount of performance or zero-allocations are not goals, although simple benchmarks show it should be more than Fast Enough™ for most purposes (if not, there are a few max-performance libraries already).

Usage

Basics:

zlog.Print("foo")                  // 15:55:17 INFO: foo
zlog.Printf("foo %d", 1)           // 15:55:17 INFO: foo 1
zlog.Error(errors.New("oh noes"))  // 15:55:17 ERROR: oh noes
                                   //          main.main
                                   //                  /home/martin/code/zlog/_example/basic.go:11
                                   //          runtime.main
                                   //                  /usr/lib/go/src/runtime/proc.go:203
                                   //          runtime.goexit
                                   //                  /usr/lib/go/src/runtime/asm_amd64.s:1357
zlog.Errorf("foo %d", 1)           // 15:55:17 ERROR: foo 1
                                   //          ..stack trace omitted..

This does what you expect: output a message to stdout or stderr. The Error() functions automatically print a stack trace. You’ll often want to filter that trace to include just frames that belong to your app:

zlog.Config.StackFilter = errorutil.FilterPattern(
    errorutil.FilterTraceInclude, "zlog/_example")

zlog.Error(errors.New("oh noes"))  // 15:55:17 ERROR: oh noes
                                   //          main.main
                                   //                  /home/martin/code/zlog/_example/basic.go:16

You can add module information and fields for extra information:

log := zlog.Module("test")
log.Print("foo")                    // 15:56:12 test: INFO: foo

log = log.Fields(zlog.F{"foo": "bar"})
log.Print("foo")                    // 15:56:55 test: INFO: foo {foo="bar"}

Debug logs are printed only for modules marked as debug:

zlog.Module("bar").Debug("w00t")    // Prints nothing (didn't enable module "bar").
log := zlog.SetDebug("bar")         // Enable debug logs only for module "bar".
log.Module("bar").Debug("w00t")     // 15:56:55 bar: DEBUG: w00t

Trace logs are like debug logs, but are also printed when there is an error, even when debug is disabled for the module:

log := zlog.Module("foo")
log = log.Trace("useful info")
log.Error(errors.New("oh noes"))   // 19:44:26 foo: TRACE: useful info
                                   // 19:44:26 foo: ERROR: oh noes
                                   //          ..stack trace omitted..
log = log.ResetTrace()             // Remove all traces.

This is pretty useful for adding context to errors without clobbering your general log with mostly useless info.

You can also easily record timings; this is printed for modules marked as debug:

log := zlog.SetDebug("zzz").Module("zzz")

time.Sleep(1 * time.Second)
log = log.Since("one")             // zzz  1000ms  one

time.Sleep(20*time.Millisecond)
log.Since("two")                   // zzz    20ms  two

// Add timing as fields, always works regardless of Debug.
log.FieldsSince().Print("done")    // 19:48:15 zzz: INFO: done {one="1000ms" two="20ms"}

Many functions return a Log object. It’s important to remember that Log objects are never modified in-place, so using log.Trace(..) without assigning it is does nothing. This also applies to SetDebug(), Module(), Since(), etc.

The Recover() helper function makes it easier to recover from panics in goroutines:

go func() {
    defer zlog.Recover()           // Recover panics and report with Error().
    panic("oh noes!")
}()

See godoc for the full reference.

Configuration

Configuration is done by setting the zlog.Config variable usually during initialisation of your app.

It’s not possible to configure individual logger instances, as it’s rarely needed (but I might change my mind if someone presents a good use-case).

See LogConfig godoc for docs.

Source: zgo.at/zlog@v1.0.10/README.markdown