tcptracer-bpf is an eBPF program using kprobes to trace TCP events (connect, accept, close). The eBPF program is compiled to an ELF object file.

tcptracer-bpf also provides a Go library that provides a simple API for loading the ELF object file. Internally, it is using the gobpf elf package.

tcptracer-bpf does not have any run-time dependencies on kernel headers and is not tied to a specific kernel version or kernel configuration. This is quite unusual for eBPF programs using kprobes: for example, eBPF programs using kprobes with bcc are compiled on the fly and depend on kernel headers. And perf tools compiled for one kernel version cannot be used on another kernel version.

To adapt to the currently running kernel at run-time, tcptracer-bpf creates a series of TCP connections with known parameters (such as known IP addresses and ports) and discovers where those parameters are stored in the kernel struct sock. The offsets of the struct sock fields vary depending on the kernel version and kernel configuration. Since an eBPF programs cannot loop, tcptracer-bpf does not directly iterate over the possible offsets. It is instead controlled from userspace by the Go library using a state machine.

See tests/tracer.go for an example how to use tcptracer-bpf.

Build the elf object


The object file can be found in ebpf/tcptracer-ebpf.o.


cd tests
sudo ./run


We use gvt.

Getting Help

If you have any questions about, feedback for or problems with tcptracer-bpf:

Your feedback is always welcome!

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