ed25519

package standard library
go1.22.4 Latest Latest
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Published: Jun 4, 2024 License: BSD-3-Clause Imports: 9 Imported by: 5,427

Documentation

Overview

Package ed25519 implements the Ed25519 signature algorithm. See https://ed25519.cr.yp.to/.

These functions are also compatible with the “Ed25519” function defined in RFC 8032. However, unlike RFC 8032's formulation, this package's private key representation includes a public key suffix to make multiple signing operations with the same key more efficient. This package refers to the RFC 8032 private key as the “seed”.

Example (Ed25519ctx)
pub, priv, err := GenerateKey(nil)
if err != nil {
	log.Fatal(err)
}

msg := []byte("The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog")

sig, err := priv.Sign(nil, msg, &Options{
	Context: "Example_ed25519ctx",
})
if err != nil {
	log.Fatal(err)
}

if err := VerifyWithOptions(pub, msg, sig, &Options{
	Context: "Example_ed25519ctx",
}); err != nil {
	log.Fatal("invalid signature")
}
Output:

Index

Examples

Constants

View Source
const (
	// PublicKeySize is the size, in bytes, of public keys as used in this package.
	PublicKeySize = 32
	// PrivateKeySize is the size, in bytes, of private keys as used in this package.
	PrivateKeySize = 64
	// SignatureSize is the size, in bytes, of signatures generated and verified by this package.
	SignatureSize = 64
	// SeedSize is the size, in bytes, of private key seeds. These are the private key representations used by RFC 8032.
	SeedSize = 32
)

Variables

This section is empty.

Functions

func GenerateKey

func GenerateKey(rand io.Reader) (PublicKey, PrivateKey, error)

GenerateKey generates a public/private key pair using entropy from rand. If rand is nil, crypto/rand.Reader will be used.

The output of this function is deterministic, and equivalent to reading SeedSize bytes from rand, and passing them to NewKeyFromSeed.

func Sign

func Sign(privateKey PrivateKey, message []byte) []byte

Sign signs the message with privateKey and returns a signature. It will panic if len(privateKey) is not PrivateKeySize.

func Verify

func Verify(publicKey PublicKey, message, sig []byte) bool

Verify reports whether sig is a valid signature of message by publicKey. It will panic if len(publicKey) is not PublicKeySize.

func VerifyWithOptions added in go1.20

func VerifyWithOptions(publicKey PublicKey, message, sig []byte, opts *Options) error

VerifyWithOptions reports whether sig is a valid signature of message by publicKey. A valid signature is indicated by returning a nil error. It will panic if len(publicKey) is not PublicKeySize.

If opts.Hash is crypto.SHA512, the pre-hashed variant Ed25519ph is used and message is expected to be a SHA-512 hash, otherwise opts.Hash must be crypto.Hash(0) and the message must not be hashed, as Ed25519 performs two passes over messages to be signed.

Types

type Options added in go1.20

type Options struct {
	// Hash can be zero for regular Ed25519, or crypto.SHA512 for Ed25519ph.
	Hash crypto.Hash

	// Context, if not empty, selects Ed25519ctx or provides the context string
	// for Ed25519ph. It can be at most 255 bytes in length.
	Context string
}

Options can be used with PrivateKey.Sign or VerifyWithOptions to select Ed25519 variants.

func (*Options) HashFunc added in go1.20

func (o *Options) HashFunc() crypto.Hash

HashFunc returns o.Hash.

type PrivateKey

type PrivateKey []byte

PrivateKey is the type of Ed25519 private keys. It implements crypto.Signer.

func NewKeyFromSeed

func NewKeyFromSeed(seed []byte) PrivateKey

NewKeyFromSeed calculates a private key from a seed. It will panic if len(seed) is not SeedSize. This function is provided for interoperability with RFC 8032. RFC 8032's private keys correspond to seeds in this package.

func (PrivateKey) Equal added in go1.15

func (priv PrivateKey) Equal(x crypto.PrivateKey) bool

Equal reports whether priv and x have the same value.

func (PrivateKey) Public

func (priv PrivateKey) Public() crypto.PublicKey

Public returns the PublicKey corresponding to priv.

func (PrivateKey) Seed

func (priv PrivateKey) Seed() []byte

Seed returns the private key seed corresponding to priv. It is provided for interoperability with RFC 8032. RFC 8032's private keys correspond to seeds in this package.

func (PrivateKey) Sign

func (priv PrivateKey) Sign(rand io.Reader, message []byte, opts crypto.SignerOpts) (signature []byte, err error)

Sign signs the given message with priv. rand is ignored and can be nil.

If opts.HashFunc() is crypto.SHA512, the pre-hashed variant Ed25519ph is used and message is expected to be a SHA-512 hash, otherwise opts.HashFunc() must be crypto.Hash(0) and the message must not be hashed, as Ed25519 performs two passes over messages to be signed.

A value of type Options can be used as opts, or crypto.Hash(0) or crypto.SHA512 directly to select plain Ed25519 or Ed25519ph, respectively.

type PublicKey

type PublicKey []byte

PublicKey is the type of Ed25519 public keys.

func (PublicKey) Equal added in go1.15

func (pub PublicKey) Equal(x crypto.PublicKey) bool

Equal reports whether pub and x have the same value.

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