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Published: Jun 1, 2020 License: Apache-2.0

README

Hyperledger Fabric Ordering Service

The Hyperledger Fabric ordering service provides an atomic broadcast ordering service for consumption by the peers. This means that many clients can submit messages to the ordering service, and the same sequence of ordered batches will be delivered to all clients in response.

Protocol definition

The atomic broadcast ordering protocol for Hyperledger Fabric is described in hyperledger/fabric-protos/orderer/ab.proto. There are two services: the Broadcast service for injecting messages into the system and the Deliver service for receiving ordered batches from the service.

Service types

  • Solo ordering service (testing): The solo ordering service is intended to be an extremely easy to deploy, non-production ordering service. It consists of a single process which serves all clients, so consensus is not required as there is a single central authority. There is correspondingly no high availability or scalability. This makes solo ideal for development and testing, but not for deployment.
  • Kafka-based ordering service (production): The Kafka-based ordering service leverages the Kafka pub/sub system to perform the ordering, but wraps this in the familiar ab.proto definition so that the peer orderer client code does not to be written specifically for Kafka. Kafka is currently the preferred choice for production deployments which demand high throughput and high availability, but do not require byzantine fault tolerance.
  • PBFT ordering service (pending): The PBFT ordering service will use the Hyperledger Fabric PBFT implementation (currently under development) to order messages in a byzantine fault tolerant way.
Choosing a service type

In order to set a service type, the ordering service administrator needs to set the right value in the genesis block that the ordering service nodes will be bootstrapped from.

Specifically, the value corresponding to the ConsensusType key of the Values map of the Orderer config group on the system channel should be set to either solo, kafka or etcdraft.

For details on the configuration structure of channels, refer to the Channel Configuration guide.

configtxgen is a tool that allows for the creation of a genesis block using profiles, or grouped configuration parameters — refer to the Configuring using the connfigtxgen tool guide for more.

The location of this block can be set using the ORDERER_GENERAL_BOOTSTRAPFILE environment variable. As is the case with all the configuration paths for Fabric binaries, this location is relative to the path set via the FABRIC_CFG_PATH environment variable.

Ledger

In order to tolerate crash faults, orderer uses file-based ledger to persist blocks on the file system. The block locations on disk are 'indexed' in a lightweight LevelDB database by number so that clients can efficiently retrieve a block by number.

Experimenting with the orderer service

To experiment with the orderer service you may build the orderer binary by simply typing go build in the hyperledger/fabric/orderer directory. You may then invoke the orderer binary with no parameters, or you can override the bind address and port by setting the environment variables ORDERER_GENERAL_LISTENADDRESS and ORDERER_GENERAL_ LISTENPORT respectively.

There are sample clients in the fabric/orderer/sample_clients directory.

  • The broadcast_timestamp client sends a message containing the timestamp to the Broadcast service.
  • The deliver_stdout client prints received batches to stdout from the Deliver interface.

These may both be built simply by typing go build in their respective directories. Note that neither of these clients supports config (so editing the source manually to adjust address and port is required), or signing (so they can only work against channels where no ACL is enforced).

Profiling

Profiling the ordering service is possible through a standard HTTP interface documented here. The profiling service can be configured using the orderer.yaml file, or through environment variables. To enable profiling set ORDERER_GENERAL_PROFILE_ENABLED=true, and optionally set ORDERER_GENERAL_PROFILE_ADDRESS to the desired network address for the profiling service. The default address is 0.0.0.0:6060 as in the Golang documentation.

Note that failures of the profiling service, either at startup or anytime during the run, will cause the overall orderer service to fail. Therefore it is currently not recommended to enable profiling in production settings.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. s

Directories

Path Synopsis
common
blockcutter/mock
Code generated by counterfeiter.
Code generated by counterfeiter.
broadcast/mock
Code generated by counterfeiter.
Code generated by counterfeiter.
cluster/mocks
Code generated by counterfeiter.
Code generated by counterfeiter.
msgprocessor
Package msgprocessor provides the implementations for processing of the assorted message types which may arrive in the system through Broadcast.
Package msgprocessor provides the implementations for processing of the assorted message types which may arrive in the system through Broadcast.
msgprocessor/mocks
Code generated by counterfeiter.
Code generated by counterfeiter.
multichannel
Package multichannel tracks the channel resources for the orderer.
Package multichannel tracks the channel resources for the orderer.
multichannel/mocks
Code generated by counterfeiter.
Code generated by counterfeiter.
server/mocks
Code generated by counterfeiter.
Code generated by counterfeiter.
etcdraft/mocks
Code generated by counterfeiter.
Code generated by counterfeiter.
kafka/mock
Code generated by counterfeiter.
Code generated by counterfeiter.
mocks
Code generated by counterfeiter.
Code generated by counterfeiter.
solo/mocks
Code generated by counterfeiter.
Code generated by counterfeiter.
mocks
sample_clients

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