command module
Version: v2.5.3+incompatible Latest Latest

This package is not in the latest version of its module.

Go to latest
Published: Jan 26, 2019 License: Apache-2.0 Imports: 10 Imported by: 0



Build Status

Proxy for the Asterisk REST interface (ARI).

The ARI proxy facilitates scaling of both applications and Asterisk, independently and with minimal coordination. Each Asterisk instance and ARI application pair runs an ari-proxy server instance, which talks to a common NATS cluster. Each client application talks to the same NATS cluster. The clients automatically and continuously discover new Asterisk instances, so the only coordination needed is the common location of the NATS cluster.

The ARI proxy allows for:

  • Any number of applications running the ARI client
  • Any number of ari-proxy services running on any number of Asterisk instances
  • Simple call control throughout the cluster, regardless of which Asterisk instance is controlling the call
  • Simple call distribution regardless of the number of potential application services. (New calls are automatically sent to a single recipient application.)
  • Simple call event reception by any number of application clients. (No single-app lockout)

Proxy server

Docker images are kept up to date with releases and are tagged accordingly. The ari-proxy does not expose any services, so no ports need to be opened for it. However, it does need to know how to connect to both Asterisk and NATS.

   docker run \
     -e ARI_APPLICATION="my_test_app" \
     -e ARI_USERNAME="demo-user" \
     -e ARI_PASSWORD="supersecret" \
     -e ARI_HTTP_URL="http://asterisk:8088/ari" \
     -e ARI_WEBSOCKET_URL="ws://asterisk:8088/ari/events" \
     -e NATS_URL="nats://nats:4222" \

Binary releases are available on the releases page.

You can also install the server manually. It is not (yet) go-gettable, but we use dep for dependency management.

   dep ensure
   go install

You may need to explicitly install dependencies for this to work

Client library

ari-proxy uses semantic versioning and dep. To use it in your own Go package, simply reference the package, and your dependency management tool should be able to manage it.

For manual dependency management:

  go get
  cd $GOPATH/
  dep ensure

master should be the latest stable, so a simple go get is required:


Connecting the client to NATS is simple:

import (

func connect(ctx context.Context, appName string) (ari.Client,error) {
   c, err := client.New(ctx,

Configuration of the client can also be done with environment variables. ARI_APPLICATION can be used to set the ARI application name, and NATS_URI can be used to set the NATS URI. Doing so allows you to get a client connection simply with client.New(ctx).

Once an ari.Client is obtained, the client functions exactly as the native ari client.

More documentation:


Note the use of the context.Context parameter. This can be useful to properly shutdown the client by a controlling context. This shutdown will also close any open subscriptions on the client.

Layers of clients can be used efficiently with different contexts using the New(context.Context) function of each client instance. Subtended clients will be closed with their parents, use a common internal NATS connection, and can be severally closed by their individual contexts. This makes managing many active channels easy and efficient.


There are two levels of client in use. The first is a connection, which is a long-lived network connection to the NATS cluster. In general, the end user should not close this connection. However, it is available, if necessary, as DefaultConn and offers a Close() function for itself.

The second level is the ARI client. Any number of ARI clients may make use of the same underlying connection, but each client maintains its own separate bus and subscription implementation. Thus, when a user closes its client, the connection is maintained, but all subscriptions are released. Users should always Close() their clients when done with them to avoid accumulating stale subscriptions.


The ARI proxy works in a cluster setting by utilizing two coordinates:

  • The Asterisk ID
  • The ARI Application

Between the two of these, we can uniquely address each ARI resource, regardless of where the client is located. These pieces of information are handled transparently and internally by the ARI proxy and the ARI proxy client to route commands and events where they should be sent.

NATS protocol details

The protocol details described below are only necessary to know if you do not use the provided client and/or server. By using both components in this repository, the protocol details below are transparently handled for you.

Subject structure

The NATS subject prefix defaults to ari., and all messages used by this proxy will be prefixed by that term.

Next is added one of four resource classifications:

  • event - Messages from Asterisk to clients
  • get - Read-only requests from clients to Asterisk
  • command - Non-creation operational requests from clients to Asterisk
  • create - Creation-related requests from clients to Asterisk

After the resource, the ARI application is appended.

Finally, the Asterisk ID will be added to the end. Thus, the subject for an event for the ARI application "test" from the Asterisk box with ID "00:01:02:03:04:05" would look like:


For a channel creation command to the same app and node:


The Asterisk ID component of the subject is optional for commands. If a command does not include an Asterisk ID, any ARI proxy running the provided ARI application may respond to the request. (Thus, implicitly, each ARI proxy service listens to both its Asterisk ID-specific command subject and its generic ARI application command subject. In fact, each ARI proxy listens to each of the three levels. A request to ari.command will result in all ARI proxies responding.)

This setup allows for a variable generalization in the listeners by using NATS wildcard subscriptions. For instance, if you want to receive all events for the "test" application regardless from which Asterisk machine they come, you would subscribe to:



Events may be further classified by the arbitrary "dialog" ID. If any command specifies a Dialog ID in its metadata, the ARI proxy will further classify events related to that dialog. Relationships are defined by the entity type on which the Dialog-infused command operates.

Dialog-related events are published on their own NATS subject tree, dialogevent. Thus dialogs abstract ARI application and Asterisk ID. An event for dialog "testme123" would be published to:


Keep in mind that regardless of dialog associations, all events are also published to their appropriate canonical NATS subjects. Dialogs are intended as a mechanism to:

  • reduce client message traffic load
  • transcend ARI Applications and/or Asterisk nodes while maintaining logical separation of events
Message delivery

The means of a delivery for a generically-routed message depends on the type of message it is.

  • Events are always delivered to all listeners.
  • Read-only commands are delivered to all listeners.
  • Non-creation operation commands are delivered to all listeners.
  • Creation-related commands are delivered to only one listener.

Thus, for efficiency, it is always recommended to use as precise a subject line as possible.

Node discovery

Each ARI proxy sends out a periodic ping announcing itself in the cluster. Clients may aggregate these pings to construct an expected map of machines in the cluster. Knowing this map allows the client to optimize its all-listener commands by cancelling the wait period if it receives responses from all nodes before the timeout has elapsed.

ARI proxies listen to and send announcements on ari.announce. The structure of the announcement is thus:

   "asterisk": "00:10:20:30:40:50",
   "application": "test"
Payload structure

For most requests, payloads exactly match their ARI library values. However, treatment of handlers is slightly different.

Instead of a handler, an Entity or array of Entitys is returned. This response type contains the Metadata for the entity (ARI application, Asterisk ID, and optionally Dialog) as well as the unique ID of the entity.


The Go Gopher

There is no documentation for this package.

Source Files


Path Synopsis
Package client provides an ari.Client implementation for a NATS-based ARI proxy cluster
Package client provides an ari.Client implementation for a NATS-based ARI proxy cluster
Package server provides a proxy for ARI calls.
Package server provides a proxy for ARI calls.
Package integration contains integration tests for server to client communications
Package integration contains integration tests for server to client communications

Jump to

Keyboard shortcuts

? : This menu
/ : Search site
f or F : Jump to
y or Y : Canonical URL