openssl

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Version: v4.1.0 Latest Latest
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Published: Jun 13, 2020 License: Apache-2.0 Imports: 14 Imported by: 3

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Luzifer / go-openssl

go-openssl is a small library wrapping the crypto/aes functions in a way the output is compatible to OpenSSL / CryptoJS. For all encryption / decryption processes AES256 is used so this library will not be able to decrypt messages generated with other than openssl aes-256-cbc. If you're using CryptoJS to process the data you also need to use AES256 on that side.

Version support

For this library only the latest major version is supported. All prior major versions should no longer be used.

The versioning is following SemVer which means upgrading to a newer major version will break your code!

OpenSSL compatibility

1.1.0c

Starting with v2.0.0 go-openssl generates the encryption keys using sha256sum algorithm. This is the default introduced in OpenSSL 1.1.0c. When encrypting data you can choose which digest method to use and therefore also continue to use md5sum. When decrypting OpenSSL encrypted data md5sum, sha1sum and sha256sum are supported.

1.1.1

Starting with v4.0.0 go-openssl is capable of using the PBKDF2 key derivation method for encryption. You can choose to use it by passing the corresponding CredsGenerator.

Installation

# Get the latest version
go get github.com/Luzifer/go-openssl

# OR get a specific version
go get gopkg.in/Luzifer/go-openssl.v4

Usage example

The usage is quite simple as you don't need any special knowledge about OpenSSL and/or AES256:

Encrypt
import (
  "fmt"
  openssl "gopkg.in/Luzifer/go-openssl.v4"
)

func main() {
  plaintext := "Hello World!"
  passphrase := "z4yH36a6zerhfE5427ZV"

  o := openssl.New()

  enc, err := o.EncryptBytes(passphrase, []byte(plaintext), PBKDF2SHA256)
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Printf("An error occurred: %s\n", err)
  }

  fmt.Printf("Encrypted text: %s\n", string(enc))
}
Decrypt
import (
  "fmt"
  openssl "gopkg.in/Luzifer/go-openssl.v4"
)

func main() {
  opensslEncrypted := "U2FsdGVkX19ZM5qQJGe/d5A/4pccgH+arBGTp+QnWPU="
  passphrase := "z4yH36a6zerhfE5427ZV"

  o := openssl.New()

  dec, err := o.DecryptBytes(passphrase, []byte(opensslEncrypted), BytesToKeyMD5)
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Printf("An error occurred: %s\n", err)
  }

  fmt.Printf("Decrypted text: %s\n", string(dec))
}

Testing

To execute the tests for this library you need to be on a system having /bin/bash and openssl available as the compatibility of the output is tested directly against the openssl binary. The library itself should be usable on all operating systems supported by Go and crypto/aes.

Documentation

Index

Examples

Constants

View Source
const DefaultPBKDF2Iterations = 10000

Variables

View Source
var ErrInvalidSalt = errors.New("Salt needs to have exactly 8 byte")

ErrInvalidSalt is returned when a salt with a length of != 8 byte is passed

Functions

This section is empty.

Types

type Creds

type Creds struct {
	Key []byte
	IV  []byte
}

Creds holds a key and an IV for encryption methods

type CredsGenerator

type CredsGenerator func(password, salt []byte) (Creds, error)

CredsGenerator are functions to derive a key and iv from a password and a salt

func NewBytesToKeyGenerator

func NewBytesToKeyGenerator(hashFunc func() hash.Hash) CredsGenerator

openSSLEvpBytesToKey follows the OpenSSL (undocumented?) convention for extracting the key and IV from passphrase. It uses the EVP_BytesToKey() method which is basically: D_i = HASH^count(D_(i-1) || password || salt) where || denotes concatentaion, until there are sufficient bytes available 48 bytes since we're expecting to handle AES-256, 32bytes for a key and 16bytes for the IV

func NewPBKDF2Generator

func NewPBKDF2Generator(hashFunc func() hash.Hash, iterations int) CredsGenerator

type OpenSSL

type OpenSSL struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

OpenSSL is a helper to generate OpenSSL compatible encryption with autmatic IV derivation and storage. As long as the key is known all data can also get decrypted using OpenSSL CLI. Code from http://dequeue.blogspot.de/2014/11/decrypting-something-encrypted-with.html

func New

func New() *OpenSSL

New instanciates and initializes a new OpenSSL encrypter

func (OpenSSL) DecryptBinaryBytes

func (o OpenSSL) DecryptBinaryBytes(passphrase string, encryptedData []byte, cg CredsGenerator) ([]byte, error)

DecryptBinaryBytes takes a slice of binary bytes, encrypted data to decrypt and a key-derivation function. The key-derivation function must match the function used to encrypt the data. (In OpenSSL the value of the `-md` parameter.)

You should not just try to loop the digest functions as this will cause a race condition and you will not be able to decrypt your data properly.

func (OpenSSL) DecryptBytes

func (o OpenSSL) DecryptBytes(passphrase string, encryptedBase64Data []byte, cg CredsGenerator) ([]byte, error)

DecryptBytes takes a slice of bytes with base64 encoded, encrypted data to decrypt and a key-derivation function. The key-derivation function must match the function used to encrypt the data. (In OpenSSL the value of the `-md` parameter.)

You should not just try to loop the digest functions as this will cause a race condition and you will not be able to decrypt your data properly.

Example
opensslEncrypted := "U2FsdGVkX19ZM5qQJGe/d5A/4pccgH+arBGTp+QnWPU="
passphrase := "z4yH36a6zerhfE5427ZV"

o := New()

dec, err := o.DecryptBytes(passphrase, []byte(opensslEncrypted), BytesToKeyMD5)
if err != nil {
	fmt.Printf("An error occurred: %s\n", err)
}

fmt.Printf("Decrypted text: %s\n", string(dec))
Output:

Decrypted text: hallowelt

func (OpenSSL) EncryptBinaryBytes

func (o OpenSSL) EncryptBinaryBytes(passphrase string, plainData []byte, cg CredsGenerator) ([]byte, error)

EncryptBinaryBytes encrypts a slice of bytes in a manner compatible to OpenSSL encryption functions using AES-256-CBC as encryption algorithm. This function generates a random salt on every execution.

func (OpenSSL) EncryptBinaryBytesWithSaltAndDigestFunc

func (o OpenSSL) EncryptBinaryBytesWithSaltAndDigestFunc(passphrase string, salt, plainData []byte, cg CredsGenerator) ([]byte, error)

EncryptBinaryBytesWithSaltAndDigestFunc encrypts a slice of bytes in a manner compatible to OpenSSL encryption functions using AES-256-CBC as encryption algorithm. The salt needs to be passed in here which ensures the same result on every execution on cost of a much weaker encryption as with EncryptString.

The salt passed into this function needs to have exactly 8 byte.

The hash function corresponds to the `-md` parameter of OpenSSL. For OpenSSL pre-1.1.0c DigestMD5Sum was the default, since then it is DigestSHA256Sum.

If you don't have a good reason to use this, please don't! For more information see this: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salt_(cryptography)#Common_mistakes

func (OpenSSL) EncryptBytes

func (o OpenSSL) EncryptBytes(passphrase string, plainData []byte, cg CredsGenerator) ([]byte, error)

EncryptBytes encrypts a slice of bytes that are base64 encoded in a manner compatible to OpenSSL encryption functions using AES-256-CBC as encryption algorithm. This function generates a random salt on every execution.

Example
plaintext := "Hello World!"
passphrase := "z4yH36a6zerhfE5427ZV"

o := New()

enc, err := o.EncryptBytes(passphrase, []byte(plaintext), PBKDF2SHA256)
if err != nil {
	fmt.Printf("An error occurred: %s\n", err)
}

fmt.Printf("Encrypted text: %s\n", string(enc))
Output:

func (OpenSSL) EncryptBytesWithSaltAndDigestFunc

func (o OpenSSL) EncryptBytesWithSaltAndDigestFunc(passphrase string, salt, plainData []byte, cg CredsGenerator) ([]byte, error)

EncryptBytesWithSaltAndDigestFunc encrypts a slice of bytes that are base64 encoded in a manner compatible to OpenSSL encryption functions using AES-256-CBC as encryption algorithm. The salt needs to be passed in here which ensures the same result on every execution on cost of a much weaker encryption as with EncryptString.

The salt passed into this function needs to have exactly 8 byte.

The hash function corresponds to the `-md` parameter of OpenSSL. For OpenSSL pre-1.1.0c DigestMD5Sum was the default, since then it is DigestSHA256Sum.

If you don't have a good reason to use this, please don't! For more information see this: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salt_(cryptography)#Common_mistakes

func (OpenSSL) GenerateSalt

func (o OpenSSL) GenerateSalt() ([]byte, error)

GenerateSalt generates a random 8 byte salt

func (OpenSSL) MustGenerateSalt

func (o OpenSSL) MustGenerateSalt() []byte

MustGenerateSalt is a wrapper around GenerateSalt which will panic on an error. This allows you to use this function as a parameter to EncryptBytesWithSaltAndDigestFunc

Source Files

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