asset_management

command
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Published: Sep 15, 2016 License: Apache-2.0 Imports: 6 Imported by: 0

README

Hyperledger Fabric - Asset Management

Overview

The asset management chaincode (asset_management.go) is a very simple chaincode designed to show how to exercise access control at the chaincode level as described in this document: https://github.com/hyperledger/fabric/blob/master/docs/tech/application-ACL.md

The chaincode exposes the following functions:

  1. init(user): Initialize the chaincode assigning to user the role of administrator;
  2. assign(asset, user): Assigns the ownership of asset to user. Notice that, this function can be invoked only by an administrator;
  3. transfer(asset, user): Transfer the ownership of asset to user Notice that this function ca be invoked only by the owner of asset;
  4. query(asset): Returns the identifier of the owner of asset

In the following subsections, we will describe in more detail each function.

init(user)

This function initialize the chaincode by assigning to user the role of administrator. The function is invoked automatically at deploy time.

When generating the deploy transaction, the chaincode deployer must specify the administrator of the chaincode by setting the transaction metadata to the DER (Distinguished Encoding Rules) certificate encoding of one of the administrator ECert/TCert.

For simplicity, there is only one administrator.

A possible work-flow could be the following:

  1. Alice is the deployer of the chaincode;
  2. Alice wants to assign the administrator role to Bob;
  3. Alice obtains, via an out-of-band channel, a TCert of Bob, let us call this certificate BobCert;
  4. Alice constructs a deploy transaction, as described in application-ACL.md, setting the transaction metadata to BobCert.
  5. Alice submits the transaction to the fabric network.

Notice that Alice can assign to herself the role of administrator.

assign(asset, user)

This function assigns the ownership of asset to user. For simplicity, asset can be any string (the identifier of the asset, for example) and user is a TCert/ECert of the party the ownership of asset is assigned to.

Notice that, this function can only be invoked by the administrator of the chaincode that has been defined at deploy time during the chaincode initialization.

A possible work-flow could be the following:

  1. Bob is the administrator of the chaincode;
  2. Bob wants to assign the asset 'Picasso' to Charlie;
  3. Bob obtains, via an out-of-band channel, a TCert of Charlie, let us call this certificate CharlieCert;
  4. Bob constructs an invoke transaction, as described in application-ACL.md, to invoke the assign function passing as parameters ('Picasso', Base64(DER(CharlieCert))).
  5. Bob submits the transaction to the fabric network.

transfer(asset, user)

This function transfers the ownership of asset to user. As for the assign function, asset is a string representing the asset and user is an ECert/TCert of the party the ownership of asset is assigned to.

Notice that, this function can only be invoked by the owner of asset who obtained the ownership via ans assign call or via a chain of assign and transfer calls.

A possible work-flow could be the following:

  1. Charlie is the owner of 'Picasso';
  2. Charlie wants to transfer the ownership of 'Picasso' to Dave;
  3. Charlie obtains, via an out-of-band channel, a TCert of Dave, let us call this certificate DaveCert;
  4. Charlie constructs an invoke transaction, as described in application-ACL.md, to invoke the transfer function passing as parameters ('Picasso', Base64(DER(DaveCert))).
  5. Charlie submits the transaction to the fabric network.

query(asset)

This function returns the owner of asset as the DER certificate encoding of his certificate the ownership was acquired with.

Notice that, this function can be invoked by anyone. No access control is in place in this example. No one forbids to enhance the chaincode to have access control also for query function.

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