argon2id

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Published: Nov 30, 2021 License: MIT Imports: 7 Imported by: 50

README

Argon2id

This package provides a convenience wrapper around Go's argon2 implementation, making it simpler to securely hash and verify passwords using Argon2.

It enforces use of the Argon2id algorithm variant and cryptographically-secure random salts.

Usage

package main

import (
	"log"

	"github.com/alexedwards/argon2id"
)

func main() {
	// CreateHash returns a Argon2id hash of a plain-text password using the
	// provided algorithm parameters. The returned hash follows the format used
	// by the Argon2 reference C implementation and looks like this:
	// $argon2id$v=19$m=65536,t=3,p=2$c29tZXNhbHQ$RdescudvJCsgt3ub+b+dWRWJTmaaJObG
	hash, err := argon2id.CreateHash("pa$$word", argon2id.DefaultParams)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}

	// ComparePasswordAndHash performs a constant-time comparison between a
	// plain-text password and Argon2id hash, using the parameters and salt
	// contained in the hash. It returns true if they match, otherwise it returns
	// false.
	match, err := argon2id.ComparePasswordAndHash("pa$$word", hash)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}

	log.Printf("Match: %v", match)
}
Changing the Parameters

When creating a hash you can and should configure the parameters to be suitable for the environment that the code is running in. The parameters are:

  • Memory — The amount of memory used by the Argon2 algorithm (in kibibytes).
  • Iterations — The number of iterations (or passes) over the memory.
  • Parallelism — The number of threads (or lanes) used by the algorithm.
  • Salt length — Length of the random salt. 16 bytes is recommended for password hashing.
  • Key length — Length of the generated key (or password hash). 16 bytes or more is recommended.

The Memory and Iterations parameters control the computational cost of hashing the password. The higher these figures are, the greater the cost of generating the hash and the longer the runtime. It also follows that the greater the cost will be for any attacker trying to guess the password.

If the code is running on a machine with multiple cores, then you can decrease the runtime without reducing the cost by increasing the Parallelism parameter. This controls the number of threads that the work is spread across. Important note: Changing the value of the Parallelism parameter changes the hash output.

params := &argon2id.Params{
	Memory:      128 * 1024,
	Iterations:  4,
	Parallelism: 4,
	SaltLength:  16,
	KeyLength:   32,
}


hash, err := argon2id.CreateHash("pa$$word", params)
if err != nil {
	log.Fatal(err)
}

For guidance and an outline process for choosing appropriate parameters see https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-irtf-cfrg-argon2-04#section-4.

Documentation

Overview

Package argon2id provides a convience wrapper around Go's golang.org/x/crypto/argon2 implementation, making it simpler to securely hash and verify passwords using Argon2.

It enforces use of the Argon2id algorithm variant and cryptographically-secure random salts.

Index

Constants

This section is empty.

Variables

View Source
var (
	// ErrInvalidHash in returned by ComparePasswordAndHash if the provided
	// hash isn't in the expected format.
	ErrInvalidHash = errors.New("argon2id: hash is not in the correct format")

	// ErrIncompatibleVariant is returned by ComparePasswordAndHash if the
	// provided hash was created using a unsupported variant of Argon2.
	// Currently only argon2id is supported by this package.
	ErrIncompatibleVariant = errors.New("argon2id: incompatible variant of argon2")

	// ErrIncompatibleVersion is returned by ComparePasswordAndHash if the
	// provided hash was created using a different version of Argon2.
	ErrIncompatibleVersion = errors.New("argon2id: incompatible version of argon2")
)
View Source
var DefaultParams = &Params{
	Memory:      64 * 1024,
	Iterations:  1,
	Parallelism: 2,
	SaltLength:  16,
	KeyLength:   32,
}

DefaultParams provides some sane default parameters for hashing passwords.

Follows recommendations given by the Argon2 RFC: "The Argon2id variant with t=1 and maximum available memory is RECOMMENDED as a default setting for all environments. This setting is secure against side-channel attacks and maximizes adversarial costs on dedicated bruteforce hardware.""

The default parameters should generally be used for development/testing purposes only. Custom parameters should be set for production applications depending on available memory/CPU resources and business requirements.

Functions

func ComparePasswordAndHash

func ComparePasswordAndHash(password, hash string) (match bool, err error)

ComparePasswordAndHash performs a constant-time comparison between a plain-text password and Argon2id hash, using the parameters and salt contained in the hash. It returns true if they match, otherwise it returns false.

func CreateHash

func CreateHash(password string, params *Params) (hash string, err error)

CreateHash returns a Argon2id hash of a plain-text password using the provided algorithm parameters. The returned hash follows the format used by the Argon2 reference C implementation and contains the base64-encoded Argon2id d derived key prefixed by the salt and parameters. It looks like this:

$argon2id$v=19$m=65536,t=3,p=2$c29tZXNhbHQ$RdescudvJCsgt3ub+b+dWRWJTmaaJObG

Types

type Params

type Params struct {
	// The amount of memory used by the algorithm (in kibibytes).
	Memory uint32

	// The number of iterations over the memory.
	Iterations uint32

	// The number of threads (or lanes) used by the algorithm.
	// Recommended value is between 1 and runtime.NumCPU().
	Parallelism uint8

	// Length of the random salt. 16 bytes is recommended for password hashing.
	SaltLength uint32

	// Length of the generated key. 16 bytes or more is recommended.
	KeyLength uint32
}

Params describes the input parameters used by the Argon2id algorithm. The Memory and Iterations parameters control the computational cost of hashing the password. The higher these figures are, the greater the cost of generating the hash and the longer the runtime. It also follows that the greater the cost will be for any attacker trying to guess the password. If the code is running on a machine with multiple cores, then you can decrease the runtime without reducing the cost by increasing the Parallelism parameter. This controls the number of threads that the work is spread across. Important note: Changing the value of the Parallelism parameter changes the hash output.

For guidance and an outline process for choosing appropriate parameters see https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-irtf-cfrg-argon2-04#section-4

func CheckHash

func CheckHash(password, hash string) (match bool, params *Params, err error)

CheckHash is like ComparePasswordAndHash, except it also returns the params that the hash was created with. This can be useful if you want to update your hash params over time (which you should).

func DecodeHash

func DecodeHash(hash string) (params *Params, salt, key []byte, err error)

DecodeHash expects a hash created from this package, and parses it to return the params used to create it, as well as the salt and key (password hash).

Source Files

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