README

hclencoder
Build Status GoDoc

hclencoder encodes/marshals/converts Go types into HCL (Hashicorp Configuration Language). hclencoder ensures correctness in the generated HCL, and can be useful for creating programmatic, type-safe config files.

type Farm struct {
  Name     string    `hcl:"name"`
  Owned    bool      `hcl:"owned"`
  Location []float64 `hcl:"location"`
}

type Farmer struct {
  Name                 string `hcl:"name"`
  Age                  int    `hcl:"age"`
  SocialSecurityNumber string `hcle:"omit"`
}

type Animal struct {
  Name  string `hcl:",key"`
  Sound string `hcl:"says" hcle:"omitempty"`
}

type Config struct {
  Farm      `hcl:",squash"`
  Farmer    Farmer            `hcl:"farmer"`
  Animals   []Animal          `hcl:"animal"`
  Buildings map[string]string `hcl:"buildings"`
}

input := Config{
  Farm: Farm{
    Name:     "Ol' McDonald's Farm",
    Owned:    true,
    Location: []float64{12.34, -5.67},
  },
  Farmer: Farmer{
    Name:                 "Robert Beauregard-Michele McDonald, III",
    Age:                  65,
    SocialSecurityNumber: "please-dont-share-me",
  },
  Animals: []Animal{
    {
      Name:  "cow",
      Sound: "moo",
    },
    {
      Name:  "pig",
      Sound: "oink",
    },
    {
      Name: "rock",
    },
  },
  Buildings: map[string]string{
    "House": "123 Numbers Lane",
    "Barn":  "456 Digits Drive",
  },
}

hcl, err := Encode(input)
if err != nil {
  log.Fatal("unable to encode: ", err)
}

fmt.Print(string(hcl))

// Output:
// name = "Ol' McDonald's Farm"
//
// owned = true
//
// location = [
//   12.34,
//   -5.67,
// ]
//
// farmer {
//   name = "Robert Beauregard-Michele McDonald, III"
//   age  = 65
// }
//
// animal "cow" {
//   says = "moo"
// }
//
// animal "pig" {
//   says = "oink"
// }
//
// animal "rock" {}
//
// buildings {
//   Barn  = "456 Digits Drive"
//   House = "123 Numbers Lane"
// }
//

Features

  • Encodes any struct or map[string]T type as the input for the generated HCL
  • Supports all value, interface, and pointer types supported by the HCL encoder: bool, int, float64, string, struct, []T, map[string]T
  • Uses the HCL Printer to ensure consistency with the output HCL
  • Map types are sorted to ensure ordering
  • Support raw HCL ast.Node types in the struct.
  • Support HCLMarshaler interface for types to encode themselves, similar to json.Marshaler

Struct Tags

hclencoder supports and respects the existing hcl struct tags:

  • hcl:"custom_name" - specifies the name of the field as represented in the output HCL to be custom_name. The default behavior is to use the unmodified name of the field. If other tag fields are desired but the default name behavior should be used, leave the first comma-delimited value empty (eg, hcl:",key").

  • hcl:",key" - indicates the field should be used as part of the compound key for the HCL block. This field must be of type string.

  • hcl:",squash" - attached to anonymous fields of a struct, indicates to lift the fields of that value into the parent block's scope transparently. Otherwise, the field's type is used as the key for the value.

  • hcl:",unusedKeys" - identifies this debug field which stores any unused keys found by the decoder. This field shoudl be of type []string. This has the same behavior as the hcle:"omit" tag and is not encoded.

  • hcl:",decodedFields" - identifies this debug field which stores the names of all fields decoded from HCL. This field should be of type []string. This has the same behavior as the hcle:"omit" tag and is not encoded.

hclencoder also supports additional hcle struct tags that provide additional capabilities:

  • hcle:"omit" - omits this field from encoding into HCL. This is similar behavior to json:"-".

  • hcle:"omitempty" - omits this field if it is a zero value for its type. This is similar behavior to json:",omitempty".

License

The MIT License (MIT)

Copyright (c) 2016 Chris Roche

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

Expand ▾ Collapse ▴

Documentation

Overview

Example

Code:

type Farm struct {
	Name     string    `hcl:"name"`
	Owned    bool      `hcl:"owned"`
	Location []float64 `hcl:"location"`
}

type Farmer struct {
	Name                 string `hcl:"name"`
	Age                  int    `hcl:"age"`
	SocialSecurityNumber string `hcle:"omit"`
}

type Animal struct {
	Name  string `hcl:",key"`
	Sound string `hcl:"says" hcle:"omitempty"`
}

type Pet struct {
	Species string `hcl:",key"`
	Name    string `hcl:",key"`
	Sound   string `hcl:"says" hcle:"omitempty"`
}

type Config struct {
	Farm      `hcl:",squash"`
	Farmer    Farmer            `hcl:"farmer"`
	Animals   []Animal          `hcl:"animal"`
	Pets      []Pet             `hcl:"pet"`
	Buildings map[string]string `hcl:"buildings"`
}

input := Config{
	Farm: Farm{
		Name:     "Ol' McDonald's Farm",
		Owned:    true,
		Location: []float64{12.34, -5.67},
	},
	Farmer: Farmer{
		Name:                 "Robert Beauregard-Michele McDonald, III",
		Age:                  65,
		SocialSecurityNumber: "please-dont-share-me",
	},
	Animals: []Animal{
		{
			Name:  "cow",
			Sound: "moo",
		},
		{
			Name:  "pig",
			Sound: "oink",
		},
		{
			Name: "rock",
		},
	},
	Pets: []Pet{
		{
			Species: "cat",
			Name:    "whiskers",
			Sound:   "meow",
		},
	},
	Buildings: map[string]string{
		"House": "123 Numbers Lane",
		"Barn":  "456 Digits Drive",
	},
}

hcl, err := Encode(input)
if err != nil {
	log.Fatal("unable to encode: ", err)
}

fmt.Print(string(hcl))
name = "Ol' McDonald's Farm"

owned = true

location = [
  12.34,
  -5.67,
]

farmer {
  name = "Robert Beauregard-Michele McDonald, III"
  age  = 65
}

animal "cow" {
  says = "moo"
}

animal "pig" {
  says = "oink"
}

animal "rock" {}

pet "cat" "whiskers" {
  says = "meow"
}

buildings {
  Barn  = "456 Digits Drive"
  House = "123 Numbers Lane"
}

Index

Examples

Constants

const (
	// HCLTagName is the struct field tag used by the HCL decoder. The
	// values from this tag are used in the same way as the decoder.
	HCLTagName = "hcl"

	// KeyTag indicates that the value of the field should be part of
	// the parent object block's key, not a property of that block
	KeyTag string = "key"

	// SquashTag is attached to anonymous fields of a struct and indicates
	// to the encoder to lift the fields of that value into the parent
	// block's scope transparently. Otherwise, the field's type is used as
	// the key for the value.
	SquashTag string = "squash"

	// UnusedKeysTag is a flag that indicates any unused keys found by the
	// decoder are stored in this field of type []string. This has the same
	// behavior as the OmitTag and is not encoded.
	UnusedKeysTag string = "unusedKeys"

	// DecodedFieldsTag is a flag that indicates all fields decoded are
	// stored in this field of type []string. This has the same behavior as
	// the OmitTag and is not encoded.
	DecodedFieldsTag string = "decodedFields"

	// HCLETagName is the struct field tag used by this package. The
	// values from this tag are used in conjunction with HCLTag values.
	HCLETagName = "hcle"

	// OmitTag will omit this field from encoding. This is the similar
	// behavior to `json:"-"`.
	OmitTag string = "omit"

	// OmitEmptyTag will omit this field if it is a zero value. This
	// is similar behavior to `json:",omitempty"`
	OmitEmptyTag string = "omitempty"
)

Variables

This section is empty.

Functions

func Encode

func Encode(in interface{}) ([]byte, error)

Encode converts any supported type into the corresponding HCL format

Types

This section is empty.