ghz

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Published: Oct 18, 2018 License: Apache-2.0 Imports: 23 Imported by: 0

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ghz

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Simple gRPC benchmarking and load testing tool inspired by hey and grpcurl.

Documentation

Install

Download a prebuilt executable binary from the releases page.

Usage

Usage: ghz [options...] <host>
Options:
  -proto	The protocol buffer file.
  -protoset	The compiled protoset file. Alternative to proto. -proto takes precedence.
  -call		A fully-qualified method name in 'service/method' or 'service.method' format.
  -cert		The file containing the CA root cert file.
  -cname	An override of the expect Server Cname presented by the server.
  -config	Path to the config JSON file
  -insecure     Specify for non TLS connection

  -c  Number of requests to run concurrently. Total number of requests cannot
      be smaller than the concurrency level. Default is 50.
  -n  Number of requests to run. Default is 200.
  -q  Rate limit, in queries per second (QPS). Default is no rate limit.
  -t  Timeout for each request in seconds. Default is 20, use 0 for infinite.
  -z  Duration of application to send requests. When duration is reached,
      application stops and exits. If duration is specified, n is ignored.
      Examples: -z 10s -z 3m.
  -x  Maximum duration of application to send requests with n setting respected.
      If duration is reached before n requests are completed, application stops and exits.
      Examples: -x 10s -x 3m.

  -d  The call data as stringified JSON.
      If the value is '@' then the request contents are read from stdin.
  -D  Path for call data JSON file. For example, /home/user/file.json or ./file.json.
  -b  The call data comes as serialized binary message read from stdin.
  -B  Path for the call data as serialized binary message.
  -m  Request metadata as stringified JSON.
  -M  Path for call metadata JSON file. For example, /home/user/metadata.json or ./metadata.json.

  -o  Output path. If none provided stdout is used.
  -O  Output type. If none provided, a summary is printed.
      "csv" outputs the response metrics in comma-separated values format.
      "json" outputs the metrics report in JSON format.
      "pretty" outputs the metrics report in pretty JSON format.
      "html" outputs the metrics report as HTML.
      "influx-summary" outputs the metrics summary as influxdb line protocol.
      "influx-details" outputs the metrics details as influxdb line protocol.

  -i  Comma separated list of proto import paths. The current working directory and the directory
	  of the protocol buffer file are automatically added to the import list.

  -T  Connection timeout in seconds for the initial connection dial. Default is 10.
  -L  Keepalive time in seconds. Only used if present and above 0.

  -cpus		Number of used cpu cores. (default for current machine is 8 cores)

  -v  Print the version.

Alternatively all settings can be set via ghz.json file if present in the same path as the ghz executable. A custom configuration file can be specified using -config option.

Call Template Data

Data and metadata can specify template actions that will be parsed and evaluated at every request. Each request gets a new instance of the data. The available variables / actions are:

// call template data
type callTemplateData struct {
	RequestNumber      int64  // unique incrememnted request number for each request
	FullyQualifiedName string // fully-qualified name of the method call
	MethodName         string // shorter call method name
	ServiceName        string // the service name
	InputName          string // name of the input message type
	OutputName         string // name of the output message type
	IsClientStreaming  bool   // whether this call is client streaming
	IsServerStreaming  bool   // whether this call is server streaming
	Timestamp          string // timestamp of the call in RFC3339 format
	TimestampUnix      int64  // timestamp of the call as unix time
}

This can be useful to inject variable information into the data or metadata payload for each request, such as timestamp or unique request number. See examples below.

Examples

A simple unary call:

ghz -proto ./greeter.proto -call helloworld.Greeter.SayHello -d '{"name":"Joe"}' 0.0.0.0:50051

A simple unary call with metadata using template actions:

ghz -proto ./greeter.proto -call helloworld.Greeter.SayHello -d '{"name":"Joe"}' -m '{"trace_id":"{{.RequestNumber}}","timestamp":"{{.TimestampUnix}}"}' 0.0.0.0:50051

Using binary data file (see writing a message):

ghz -proto ./greeter.proto -call helloworld.Greeter.SayHello -B ./hello_request_data.bin 0.0.0.0:50051

Or using binary from stdin:

ghz -proto ./greeter.proto -call helloworld.Greeter.SayHello -b 0.0.0.0:50051 < ./hello_request_data.bin

Custom number of requests and concurrency:

ghz -proto ./greeter.proto -call helloworld.Greeter.SayHello -d '{"name":"Joe"}' -n 2000 -c 20 0.0.0.0:50051

Client streaming data can be sent as an array, each element representing a single message:

ghz -proto ./greeter.proto -call helloworld.Greeter.SayHelloCS -d '[{"name":"Joe"},{"name":"Kate"},{"name":"Sara"}]' 0.0.0.0:50051

If a single object is given for data it is sent as every message.

We can also use .protoset files which can bundle multiple protoco buffer files into one binary file.

Create a protoset

protoc --proto_path=. --descriptor_set_out=bundle.protoset *.proto

And then use it as input to ghz with -protoset option:

./ghz -protoset ./bundle.protoset -call helloworld.Greeter.SayHello -d '{"name":"Bob"}' -n 1000 -c 10 0.0.0.0:50051

Note that only one of -proto or -protoset options will be used. -proto takes precedence.

Using a custom config file:

ghz -config ./config.json

Example ghz.json

{
    "proto": "/path/to/greeter.proto",
    "call": "helloworld.Greeter.SayHello",
    "n": 2000,
    "c": 50,
    "d": {
        "name": "Joe"
    },
    "m": {
        "foo": "bar",
        "trace_id": "{{.RequestNumber}}",
        "timestamp": "{{.TimestampUnix}}"
    },
    "i": [
        "/path/to/protos"
    ],
    "x": "10s",
    "host": "0.0.0.0:50051"
}

Output

Summary

Sample standard output of summary of the results:

Summary:
  Count:	2000
  Total:	345.52 ms
  Slowest:	15.41 ms
  Fastest:	0.66 ms
  Average:	6.83 ms
  Requests/sec:	5788.35

Response time histogram:
  0.664 [1]	|
  2.138 [36]	|∎
  3.613 [14]	|
  5.087 [65]	|∎∎
  6.561 [1305]	|∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎
  8.035 [274]	|∎∎∎∎∎∎∎∎
  9.509 [66]	|∎∎
  10.983 [0]	|
  12.458 [59]	|∎∎
  13.932 [130]	|∎∎∎∎
  15.406 [50]	|∎∎

Latency distribution:
  10% in 5.18 ms
  25% in 5.51 ms
  50% in 6.10 ms
  75% in 6.72 ms
  90% in 12.19 ms
  95% in 13.26 ms
  99% in 14.73 ms
Status code distribution:
  [OK]	2000 responses

CSV

Alternatively with -O csv flag we can get detailed listing in csv format:

duration (ms),status,error
1.43,OK,
0.39,OK,
0.36,OK,
0.50,OK,
0.36,OK,
0.40,OK,
0.37,OK,
0.34,OK,
0.35,OK,
0.32,OK,
...

HTML

HTML output can be generated using html as format in the -O option. See sample output.

JSON

Using -O json outputs JSON data, and -O pretty outputs JSON in pretty format.

InfluxDB Line Protocol

Using -O influx-summary outputs the summary data as InfluxDB Line Protocol. Sample output:

ghz_run,proto="/testdata/greeter.proto",call="helloworld.Greeter.SayHello",host="0.0.0.0:50051",n=1000,c=50,qps=0,z=0,timeout=20,dial_timeout=10,keepalive=0,data="{\"name\":\"{{.InputName}}\"}",metadata="{\"rn\":\"{{.RequestNumber}}\"}",errors=74,has_errors=true count=1000,total=50000556,average=1771308,fastest=248603,slowest=7241944,rps=19999.78,median=1715940,p95=4354194,errors=74 128802790

Use -O influx-details to get the individual details for each request:

ghz_detail,proto="/testdata/greeter.proto",call="helloworld.Greeter.SayHello",host="0.0.0.0:50051",n=1000,c=50,qps=0,z=0,timeout=20,dial_timeout=10,keepalive=0,data="{\"name\":\"{{.InputName}}\"}",metadata="{\"rn\":\"{{.RequestNumber}}\"}",hasError=false latency=5157328,error=,status=OK 681023506
ghz_detail,proto="/testdata/greeter.proto",call="helloworld.Greeter.SayHello",host="0.0.0.0:50051",n=1000,c=50,qps=0,z=0,timeout=20,dial_timeout=10,keepalive=0,data="{\"name\":\"{{.InputName}}\"}",metadata="{\"rn\":\"{{.RequestNumber}}\"}",hasError=false latency=4990499,error=,status=OK 681029613

Extras

For conveniance we include prebuilt Grafana dashboards for summary and details.

Summary Grafana Dashboard:


Summary Grafana Dashboard

Details Grafana Dashboard:


Details Grafana Dashboard

Credit

Icon made by Freepik from www.flaticon.com is licensed by CC 3.0 BY

License

Apache-2.0

Documentation

Overview

Package ghz provides gRPC benchmarking functionality

Index

Constants

This section is empty.

Variables

This section is empty.

Functions

This section is empty.

Types

type Bucket

type Bucket struct {
	// The Mark for histogram bucket in seconds
	Mark float64 `json:"mark"`

	// The count in the bucket
	Count int `json:"count"`

	// The frequency of results in the bucket as a decimal percentage
	Frequency float64 `json:"frequency"`
}

Bucket holds histogram data

type LatencyDistribution

type LatencyDistribution struct {
	Percentage int           `json:"percentage"`
	Latency    time.Duration `json:"latency"`
}

LatencyDistribution holds latency distribution data

type Options

type Options struct {
	Call          string             `json:"call,omitempty"`
	Proto         string             `json:"proto,omitempty"`
	Host          string             `json:"host,omitempty"`
	Cert          string             `json:"cert,omitempty"`
	CName         string             `json:"cname,omitempty"`
	N             int                `json:"n,omitempty"`
	C             int                `json:"c,omitempty"`
	QPS           int                `json:"qps,omitempty"`
	Z             time.Duration      `json:"z,omitempty"`
	Timeout       int                `json:"timeout,omitempty"`
	DialTimtout   int                `json:"dialTimeout,omitempty"`
	KeepaliveTime int                `json:"keepAlice,omitempty"`
	Data          interface{}        `json:"data,omitempty"`
	Binary        bool               `json:"binary"`
	BinData       []byte             `json:"-"`
	Metadata      *map[string]string `json:"metadata,omitempty"`
	Insecure      bool               `json:"insecure,omitempty"`
}

Options represents the request options

type Report

type Report struct {
	Options *Options  `json:"options,omitempty"`
	Date    time.Time `json:"date"`

	Count   uint64        `json:"count"`
	Total   time.Duration `json:"total"`
	Average time.Duration `json:"average"`
	Fastest time.Duration `json:"fastest"`
	Slowest time.Duration `json:"slowest"`
	Rps     float64       `json:"rps"`

	ErrorDist      map[string]int `json:"errorDistribution"`
	StatusCodeDist map[string]int `json:"statusCodeDistribution"`

	LatencyDistribution []LatencyDistribution `json:"latencyDistribution"`
	Histogram           []Bucket              `json:"histogram"`
	Details             []ResultDetail        `json:"details"`
}

Report holds the data for the full test

func (Report) MarshalJSON added in v0.9.0

func (r Report) MarshalJSON() ([]byte, error)

MarshalJSON is custom marshal for report to properly format the date

type Reporter

type Reporter struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Reporter gethers all the results

func (*Reporter) Finalize

func (r *Reporter) Finalize(total time.Duration) *Report

Finalize all the gathered data into a final report

func (*Reporter) Run

func (r *Reporter) Run()

Run runs the reporter

type Requester

type Requester struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Requester is used for doing the requests

func New

func New(mtd *desc.MethodDescriptor, c *Options) (*Requester, error)

New creates new Requester

func (*Requester) Finish

func (b *Requester) Finish() *Report

Finish finishes the test run

func (*Requester) Run

func (b *Requester) Run() (*Report, error)

Run makes all the requests and returns a report of results It blocks until all work is done.

func (*Requester) Stop

func (b *Requester) Stop()

Stop stops the test

type ResultDetail

type ResultDetail struct {
	Timestamp time.Time     `json:"timestamp"`
	Latency   time.Duration `json:"latency"`
	Error     string        `json:"error"`
	Status    string        `json:"status"`
}

ResultDetail data for each result

Directories

Path Synopsis
cmd
ghz
internal
helloworld
Package helloworld is a generated protocol buffer package.
Package helloworld is a generated protocol buffer package.

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