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Published: Apr 22, 2016 License: Apache-2.0

README

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CNI - the Container Network Interface

What is CNI?

CNI, the Container Network Interface, is a proposed standard for configuring network interfaces for Linux application containers. The standard consists of a simple specification for how executable plugins can be used to configure network namespaces; this repository also contains a go library implementing that specification.

The specification itself is contained in SPEC.md.

Why develop CNI?

Application containers on Linux are a rapidly evolving area, and within this space networking is a particularly unsolved problem, as it is highly environment-specific. We believe that every container runtime will seek to solve the same problem of making the network layer pluggable.

To avoid duplication, we think it is prudent to define a common interface between the network plugins and container execution. Hence we are proposing this specification, along with an initial set of plugins that can be used by different container runtime systems.

Who is using CNI?

Contributing to CNI

We welcome contributions, including bug reports, and code and documentation improvements. If you intend to contribute to code or documentation, please read CONTRIBUTING.md. Also see the contact section in this README.

How do I use CNI?

Requirements

CNI requires Go 1.5+ to build.

Go 1.5 users will need to set GO15VENDOREXPERIMENT=1 to get vendored dependencies. This flag is set by default in 1.6.

Included Plugins

This repository includes a number of common plugins in the plugins/ directory. Please see the Documentation/ directory for documentation about particular plugins.

Running the plugins

The scripts/ directory contains two scripts, priv-net-run.sh and docker-run.sh, that can be used to exercise the plugins.

note - priv-net-run.sh depends on jq

Start out by creating a netconf file to describe a network:

$ mkdir -p /etc/cni/net.d
$ cat >/etc/cni/net.d/10-mynet.conf <<EOF
{
	"name": "mynet",
	"type": "bridge",
	"bridge": "cni0",
	"isGateway": true,
	"ipMasq": true,
	"ipam": {
		"type": "host-local",
		"subnet": "10.22.0.0/16",
		"routes": [
			{ "dst": "0.0.0.0/0" }
		]
	}
}
EOF
$ cat >/etc/cni/net.d/99-loopback.conf <<EOF
{
	"type": "loopback"
}
EOF

The directory /etc/cni/net.d is the default location in which the scripts will look for net configurations.

Next, build the plugins:

$ ./build

Finally, execute a command (ifconfig in this example) in a private network namespace that has joined the mynet network:

$ CNI_PATH=`pwd`/bin
$ cd scripts
$ sudo CNI_PATH=$CNI_PATH ./priv-net-run.sh ifconfig
eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr f2:c2:6f:54:b8:2b  
          inet addr:10.22.0.2  Bcast:0.0.0.0  Mask:255.255.0.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::f0c2:6fff:fe54:b82b/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:1 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:1 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 
          RX bytes:90 (90.0 B)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)

lo        Link encap:Local Loopback  
          inet addr:127.0.0.1  Mask:255.0.0.0
          inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
          UP LOOPBACK RUNNING  MTU:65536  Metric:1
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)

The environment variable CNI_PATH tells the scripts and library where to look for plugin executables.

Running a Docker container with network namespace set up by CNI plugins

Use the instructions in the previous section to define a netconf and build the plugins. Next, docker-run.sh script wraps docker run, to execute the plugins prior to entering the container:

$ CNI_PATH=`pwd`/bin
$ cd scripts
$ sudo CNI_PATH=$CNI_PATH ./docker-run.sh --rm busybox:latest ifconfig
eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr fa:60:70:aa:07:d1  
          inet addr:10.22.0.2  Bcast:0.0.0.0  Mask:255.255.0.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::f860:70ff:feaa:7d1/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:1 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:1 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 
          RX bytes:90 (90.0 B)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)

lo        Link encap:Local Loopback  
          inet addr:127.0.0.1  Mask:255.0.0.0
          inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
          UP LOOPBACK RUNNING  MTU:65536  Metric:1
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)

Contact

For any questions about CNI, please reach out on the mailing list or IRC:

  • Email: cni-dev
  • IRC: #appc IRC channel on freenode.org

Directories

Path Synopsis
pkg
ip
ns
skel
Package skel provides skeleton code for a CNI plugin.
Package skel provides skeleton code for a CNI plugin.
plugins

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