README

amber GoDoc Build Status

Notice

While Amber is perfectly fine and stable to use, I've been working on a direct Pug.js port for Go. It is somewhat hacky at the moment but take a look at Pug.go if you are looking for a Pug.js compatible Go template engine.

Usage
import "github.com/eknkc/amber"

Amber is an elegant templating engine for Go Programming Language It is inspired from HAML and Jade

Tags

A tag is simply a word:

html

is converted to

<html></html>

It is possible to add ID and CLASS attributes to tags:

div#main
span.time

are converted to

<div id="main"></div>
<span class="time"></span>

Any arbitrary attribute name / value pair can be added this way:

a[href="http://www.google.com"]

You can mix multiple attributes together

a#someid[href="/"][title="Main Page"].main.link Click Link

gets converted to

<a id="someid" class="main link" href="/" title="Main Page">Click Link</a>

It is also possible to define these attributes within the block of a tag

a
    #someid
    [href="/"]
    [title="Main Page"]
    .main
    .link
    | Click Link
Doctypes

To add a doctype, use !!! or doctype keywords:

!!! transitional
// <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

or use doctype

doctype 5
// <!DOCTYPE html>

Available options: 5, default, xml, transitional, strict, frameset, 1.1, basic, mobile

Tag Content

For single line tag text, you can just append the text after tag name:

p Testing!

would yield

<p>Testing!</p>

For multi line tag text, or nested tags, use indentation:

html
    head
        title Page Title
    body
        div#content
            p
                | This is a long page content
                | These lines are all part of the parent p

                a[href="/"] Go To Main Page
Data

Input template data can be reached by key names directly. For example, assuming the template has been executed with following JSON data:

{
  "Name": "Ekin",
  "LastName": "Koc",
  "Repositories": [
    "amber",
    "dateformat"
  ],
  "Avatar": "/images/ekin.jpg",
  "Friends": 17
}

It is possible to interpolate fields using #{}

p Welcome #{Name}!

would print

<p>Welcome Ekin!</p>

Attributes can have field names as well

a[title=Name][href="/ekin.koc"]

would print

<a title="Ekin" href="/ekin.koc"></a>
Expressions

Amber can expand basic expressions. For example, it is possible to concatenate strings with + operator:

p Welcome #{Name + " " + LastName}

Arithmetic expressions are also supported:

p You need #{50 - Friends} more friends to reach 50!

Expressions can be used within attributes

img[alt=Name + " " + LastName][src=Avatar]
Variables

It is possible to define dynamic variables within templates, all variables must start with a $ character and can be assigned as in the following example:

div
    $fullname = Name + " " + LastName
    p Welcome #{$fullname}

If you need to access the supplied data itself (i.e. the object containing Name, LastName etc fields.) you can use $ variable

p $.Name
Conditions

For conditional blocks, it is possible to use if <expression>

div
    if Friends > 10
        p You have more than 10 friends
    else if Friends > 5
        p You have more than 5 friends
    else
        p You need more friends

Again, it is possible to use arithmetic and boolean operators

div
    if Name == "Ekin" && LastName == "Koc"
        p Hey! I know you..

There is a special syntax for conditional attributes. Only block attributes can have conditions;

div
    .hasfriends ? Friends > 0

This would yield a div with hasfriends class only if the Friends > 0 condition holds. It is perfectly fine to use the same method for other types of attributes:

div
    #foo ? Name == "Ekin"
    [bar=baz] ? len(Repositories) > 0
Iterations

It is possible to iterate over arrays and maps using each:

each $repo in Repositories
    p #{$repo}

would print

p amber
p dateformat

It is also possible to iterate over values and indexes at the same time

each $i, $repo in Repositories
    p
        .even ? $i % 2 == 0
        .odd ? $i % 2 == 1
Mixins

Mixins (reusable template blocks that accept arguments) can be defined:

mixin surprise
    span Surprise!
mixin link($href, $title, $text)
    a[href=$href][title=$title] #{$text}

and then called multiple times within a template (or even within another mixin definition):

div
    +surprise
    +surprise
    +link("http://google.com", "Google", "Check out Google")

Template data, variables, expressions, etc., can all be passed as arguments:

+link(GoogleUrl, $googleTitle, "Check out " + $googleTitle)
Imports

A template can import other templates using import:

a.amber
    p this is template a

b.amber
    p this is template b

c.amber
    div
        import a
        import b

gets compiled to

div
    p this is template a
    p this is template b
Inheritance

A template can inherit other templates. In order to inherit another template, an extends keyword should be used. Parent template can define several named blocks and child template can modify the blocks.

master.amber
    !!! 5
    html
        head
            block meta
                meta[name="description"][content="This is a great website"]

            title
                block title
                    | Default title
        body
            block content

subpage.amber
    extends master

    block title
        | Some sub page!

    block append meta
        // This will be added after the description meta tag. It is also possible
        // to prepend someting to an existing block
        meta[name="keywords"][content="foo bar"]

    block content
        div#main
            p Some content here
License

(The MIT License)

Copyright (c) 2012 Ekin Koc ekin@eknkc.com

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the 'Software'), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED 'AS IS', WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

Usage

var DefaultOptions = Options{true, false}
var DefaultDirOptions = DirOptions{".amber", true}
func Compile
func Compile(input string, options Options) (*template.Template, error)

Parses and compiles the supplied amber template string. Returns corresponding Go Template (html/templates) instance. Necessary runtime functions will be injected and the template will be ready to be executed.

func CompileFile
func CompileFile(filename string, options Options) (*template.Template, error)

Parses and compiles the contents of supplied filename. Returns corresponding Go Template (html/templates) instance. Necessary runtime functions will be injected and the template will be ready to be executed.

func CompileDir
func CompileDir(dirname string, dopt DirOptions, opt Options) (map[string]*template.Template, error)

Parses and compiles the contents of a supplied directory name. Returns a mapping of template name (extension stripped) to corresponding Go Template (html/template) instance. Necessary runtime functions will be injected and the template will be ready to be executed.

If there are templates in subdirectories, its key in the map will be it's path relative to dirname. For example:

templates/
   |-- index.amber
   |-- layouts/
         |-- base.amber
templates, err := amber.CompileDir("templates/", amber.DefaultDirOptions, amber.DefaultOptions)
templates["index"] // index.amber Go Template
templates["layouts/base"] // base.amber Go Template

By default, the search will be recursive and will match only files ending in ".amber". If recursive is turned off, it will only search the top level of the directory. Specified extension must start with a period.

type Compiler
type Compiler struct {
	// Compiler options
	Options
}

Compiler is the main interface of Amber Template Engine. In order to use an Amber template, it is required to create a Compiler and compile an Amber source to native Go template.

compiler := amber.New()
// Parse the input file
err := compiler.ParseFile("./input.amber")
if err == nil {
    // Compile input file to Go template
    tpl, err := compiler.Compile()
    if err == nil {
        // Check built in html/template documentation for further details
        tpl.Execute(os.Stdout, somedata)
    }
}
func New
func New() *Compiler

Create and initialize a new Compiler

func (*Compiler) Compile
func (c *Compiler) Compile() (*template.Template, error)

Compile amber and create a Go Template (html/templates) instance. Necessary runtime functions will be injected and the template will be ready to be executed.

func (*Compiler) CompileString
func (c *Compiler) CompileString() (string, error)

Compile template and return the Go Template source You would not be using this unless debugging / checking the output. Please use Compile method to obtain a template instance directly.

func (*Compiler) CompileWriter
func (c *Compiler) CompileWriter(out io.Writer) (err error)

Compile amber and write the Go Template source into given io.Writer instance You would not be using this unless debugging / checking the output. Please use Compile method to obtain a template instance directly.

func (*Compiler) Parse
func (c *Compiler) Parse(input string) (err error)

Parse given raw amber template string.

func (*Compiler) ParseFile
func (c *Compiler) ParseFile(filename string) (err error)

Parse the amber template file in given path

type Options
type Options struct {
	// Setting if pretty printing is enabled.
	// Pretty printing ensures that the output html is properly indented and in human readable form.
	// If disabled, produced HTML is compact. This might be more suitable in production environments.
	// Defaukt: true
	PrettyPrint bool
	// Setting if line number emitting is enabled
	// In this form, Amber emits line number comments in the output template. It is usable in debugging environments.
	// Default: false
	LineNumbers bool
}
type DirOptions
// Used to provide options to directory compilation
type DirOptions struct {
	// File extension to match for compilation
	Ext string
	// Whether or not to walk subdirectories
	Recursive bool
}
Expand ▾ Collapse ▴

Documentation

Overview

Package amber is an elegant templating engine for Go Programming Language. It is inspired from HAML and Jade.

Tags

A tag is simply a word:

html

is converted to

<html></html>

It is possible to add ID and CLASS attributes to tags:

div#main
span.time

are converted to

<div id="main"></div>
<span class="time"></span>

Any arbitrary attribute name / value pair can be added this way:

a[href="http://www.google.com"]

You can mix multiple attributes together

a#someid[href="/"][title="Main Page"].main.link Click Link

gets converted to

<a id="someid" class="main link" href="/" title="Main Page">Click Link</a>

It is also possible to define these attributes within the block of a tag

a
    #someid
    [href="/"]
    [title="Main Page"]
    .main
    .link
    | Click Link

Doctypes

To add a doctype, use `!!!` or `doctype` keywords:

!!! transitional
// <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

or use `doctype`

doctype 5
// <!DOCTYPE html>

Available options: `5`, `default`, `xml`, `transitional`, `strict`, `frameset`, `1.1`, `basic`, `mobile`

Tag Content

For single line tag text, you can just append the text after tag name:

p Testing!

would yield

<p>Testing!</p>

For multi line tag text, or nested tags, use indentation:

html
    head
        title Page Title
    body
        div#content
            p
                | This is a long page content
                | These lines are all part of the parent p

                a[href="/"] Go To Main Page

Data

Input template data can be reached by key names directly. For example, assuming the template has been executed with following JSON data:

{
    "Name": "Ekin",
    "LastName": "Koc",
    "Repositories": [
        "amber",
        "dateformat"
    ],
    "Avatar": "/images/ekin.jpg",
    "Friends": 17
}

It is possible to interpolate fields using `#{}`

p Welcome #{Name}!

would print

<p>Welcome Ekin!</p>

Attributes can have field names as well

a[title=Name][href="/ekin.koc"]

would print

<a title="Ekin" href="/ekin.koc"></a>

Expressions

Amber can expand basic expressions. For example, it is possible to concatenate strings with + operator:

p Welcome #{Name + " " + LastName}

Arithmetic expressions are also supported:

p You need #{50 - Friends} more friends to reach 50!

Expressions can be used within attributes

img[alt=Name + " " + LastName][src=Avatar]

Variables

It is possible to define dynamic variables within templates, all variables must start with a $ character and can be assigned as in the following example:

div
    $fullname = Name + " " + LastName
    p Welcome #{$fullname}

If you need to access the supplied data itself (i.e. the object containing Name, LastName etc fields.) you can use `$` variable

p $.Name

Conditions

For conditional blocks, it is possible to use `if <expression>`

div
    if Friends > 10
        p You have more than 10 friends
    else if Friends > 5
        p You have more than 5 friends
    else
        p You need more friends

Again, it is possible to use arithmetic and boolean operators

div
    if Name == "Ekin" && LastName == "Koc"
        p Hey! I know you..

There is a special syntax for conditional attributes. Only block attributes can have conditions;

div
    .hasfriends ? Friends > 0

This would yield a div with `hasfriends` class only if the `Friends > 0` condition holds. It is perfectly fine to use the same method for other types of attributes:

div
    #foo ? Name == "Ekin"
    [bar=baz] ? len(Repositories) > 0

Iterations

It is possible to iterate over arrays and maps using `each`:

each $repo in Repositories
    p #{$repo}

would print

p amber
p dateformat

It is also possible to iterate over values and indexes at the same time

each $i, $repo in Repositories
    p
        .even ? $i % 2 == 0
        .odd ? $i % 2 == 1

Includes

A template can include other templates using `include`:

a.amber
    p this is template a

b.amber
    p this is template b

c.amber
    div
        include a
        include b

gets compiled to

div
    p this is template a
    p this is template b

Inheritance

A template can inherit other templates. In order to inherit another template, an `extends` keyword should be used. Parent template can define several named blocks and child template can modify the blocks.

master.amber
    !!! 5
    html
        head
            block meta
                meta[name="description"][content="This is a great website"]

            title
                block title
                    | Default title
        body
            block content

subpage.amber
    extends master

    block title
        | Some sub page!

    block append meta
        // This will be added after the description meta tag. It is also possible
        // to prepend something to an existing block
        meta[name="keywords"][content="foo bar"]

    block content
        div#main
            p Some content here

License (The MIT License)

Copyright (c) 2012 Ekin Koc <ekin@eknkc.com>

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the 'Software'), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED 'AS IS', WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

Index

Constants

This section is empty.

Variables

View Source
var DefaultDirOptions = DirOptions{".amber", true}

    DefaultDirOptions sets expected file extension to ".amber" and recursive search for templates within a directory to true.

    View Source
    var DefaultOptions = Options{true, false, nil}

      DefaultOptions sets pretty-printing to true and line numbering to false.

      View Source
      var FuncMap = template.FuncMap{
      	"__amber_add":   runtime_add,
      	"__amber_sub":   runtime_sub,
      	"__amber_mul":   runtime_mul,
      	"__amber_quo":   runtime_quo,
      	"__amber_rem":   runtime_rem,
      	"__amber_minus": runtime_minus,
      	"__amber_plus":  runtime_plus,
      	"__amber_eql":   runtime_eql,
      	"__amber_gtr":   runtime_gtr,
      	"__amber_lss":   runtime_lss,
      
      	"json":      runtime_json,
      	"unescaped": runtime_unescaped,
      }

      Functions

      func Compile

      func Compile(input string, options Options) (*template.Template, error)

        Compile parses and compiles the supplied amber template string. Returns corresponding Go Template (html/templates) instance. Necessary runtime functions will be injected and the template will be ready to be executed.

        func CompileData

        func CompileData(input []byte, filename string, options Options) (*template.Template, error)

          Compile parses and compiles the supplied amber template []byte. Returns corresponding Go Template (html/templates) instance. Necessary runtime functions will be injected and the template will be ready to be executed.

          func CompileDir

          func CompileDir(dirname string, dopt DirOptions, opt Options) (map[string]*template.Template, error)

            CompileDir parses and compiles the contents of a supplied directory path, with options. Returns a map of a template identifier (key) to a Go Template instance. Ex: if the dirname="templates/" had a file "index.amber" the key would be "index" If option for recursive is True, this parses every file of relevant extension in all subdirectories. The key then is the path e.g: "layouts/layout"

            func CompileFile

            func CompileFile(filename string, options Options) (*template.Template, error)

              CompileFile parses and compiles the contents of supplied filename. Returns corresponding Go Template (html/templates) instance. Necessary runtime functions will be injected and the template will be ready to be executed.

              func MustCompile

              func MustCompile(input string, options Options) *template.Template

                MustCompile is the same as Compile, except the input is assumed error free. If else, panic.

                func MustCompileDir

                func MustCompileDir(dirname string, dopt DirOptions, opt Options) map[string]*template.Template

                  MustCompileDir is the same as CompileDir, except input is assumed error free. If else, panic.

                  func MustCompileFile

                  func MustCompileFile(filename string, options Options) *template.Template

                    MustCompileFile is the same as CompileFile, except the input is assumed error free. If else, panic.

                    Types

                    type Compiler

                    type Compiler struct {
                    	// Compiler options
                    	Options
                    	// contains filtered or unexported fields
                    }

                      Compiler is the main interface of Amber Template Engine. In order to use an Amber template, it is required to create a Compiler and compile an Amber source to native Go template.

                      compiler := amber.New()
                      // Parse the input file
                      err := compiler.ParseFile("./input.amber")
                      if err == nil {
                      	// Compile input file to Go template
                      	tpl, err := compiler.Compile()
                      	if err == nil {
                      		// Check built in html/template documentation for further details
                      		tpl.Execute(os.Stdout, somedata)
                      	}
                      }
                      

                      func New

                      func New() *Compiler

                        New creates and initialize a new Compiler.

                        func (*Compiler) Compile

                        func (c *Compiler) Compile() (*template.Template, error)

                          Compile amber and create a Go Template (html/templates) instance. Necessary runtime functions will be injected and the template will be ready to be executed.

                          func (*Compiler) CompileString

                          func (c *Compiler) CompileString() (string, error)

                            CompileString compiles the template and returns the Go Template source. You would not be using this unless debugging / checking the output. Please use Compile method to obtain a template instance directly.

                            func (*Compiler) CompileWithName

                            func (c *Compiler) CompileWithName(name string) (*template.Template, error)

                              CompileWithName is the same as Compile, but allows to specify a name for the template.

                              func (*Compiler) CompileWithTemplate

                              func (c *Compiler) CompileWithTemplate(t *template.Template) (*template.Template, error)

                                CompileWithTemplate is the same as Compile but allows to specify a template.

                                func (*Compiler) CompileWriter

                                func (c *Compiler) CompileWriter(out io.Writer) (err error)

                                  CompileWriter compiles amber and writes the Go Template source into given io.Writer instance. You would not be using this unless debugging / checking the output. Please use Compile method to obtain a template instance directly.

                                  func (*Compiler) Parse

                                  func (c *Compiler) Parse(input string) (err error)

                                    Parse given raw amber template string.

                                    func (*Compiler) ParseData

                                    func (c *Compiler) ParseData(input []byte, filename string) (err error)

                                      Parse given raw amber template bytes, and the filename that belongs with it

                                      func (*Compiler) ParseFile

                                      func (c *Compiler) ParseFile(filename string) (err error)

                                        ParseFile parses the amber template file in given path.

                                        type DirOptions

                                        type DirOptions struct {
                                        	// File extension to match for compilation
                                        	Ext string
                                        	// Whether or not to walk subdirectories
                                        	Recursive bool
                                        }

                                          DirOptions is used to provide options to directory compilation.

                                          type Options

                                          type Options struct {
                                          	// Setting if pretty printing is enabled.
                                          	// Pretty printing ensures that the output html is properly indented and in human readable form.
                                          	// If disabled, produced HTML is compact. This might be more suitable in production environments.
                                          	// Default: true
                                          	PrettyPrint bool
                                          	// Setting if line number emitting is enabled
                                          	// In this form, Amber emits line number comments in the output template. It is usable in debugging environments.
                                          	// Default: false
                                          	LineNumbers bool
                                          	// Setting the virtual filesystem to use
                                          	// If set, will attempt to use a virtual filesystem provided instead of os.
                                          	// Default: nil
                                          	VirtualFilesystem http.FileSystem
                                          }

                                            Options defines template output behavior.

                                            Directories

                                            Path Synopsis