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Published: Dec 3, 2016 License: MIT Imports: 32 Imported by: 69,585


#Gin Web Framework

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Gin is a web framework written in Go (Golang). It features a martini-like API with much better performance, up to 40 times faster thanks to httprouter. If you need performance and good productivity, you will love Gin.

Gin console logger

$ cat test.go
package main

import ""

func main() {
	r := gin.Default()
	r.GET("/ping", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.JSON(200, gin.H{
			"message": "pong",
	r.Run() // listen and serve on


Gin uses a custom version of HttpRouter

See all benchmarks

Benchmark name (1) (2) (3) (4)
BenchmarkAce_GithubAll 10000 109482 13792 167
BenchmarkBear_GithubAll 10000 287490 79952 943
BenchmarkBeego_GithubAll 3000 562184 146272 2092
BenchmarkBone_GithubAll 500 2578716 648016 8119
BenchmarkDenco_GithubAll 20000 94955 20224 167
BenchmarkEcho_GithubAll 30000 58705 0 0
BenchmarkGin_GithubAll 30000 50991 0 0
BenchmarkGocraftWeb_GithubAll 5000 449648 133280 1889
BenchmarkGoji_GithubAll 2000 689748 56113 334
BenchmarkGoJsonRest_GithubAll 5000 537769 135995 2940
BenchmarkGoRestful_GithubAll 100 18410628 797236 7725
BenchmarkGorillaMux_GithubAll 200 8036360 153137 1791
BenchmarkHttpRouter_GithubAll 20000 63506 13792 167
BenchmarkHttpTreeMux_GithubAll 10000 165927 56112 334
BenchmarkKocha_GithubAll 10000 171362 23304 843
BenchmarkMacaron_GithubAll 2000 817008 224960 2315
BenchmarkMartini_GithubAll 100 12609209 237952 2686
BenchmarkPat_GithubAll 300 4830398 1504101 32222
BenchmarkPossum_GithubAll 10000 301716 97440 812
BenchmarkR2router_GithubAll 10000 270691 77328 1182
BenchmarkRevel_GithubAll 1000 1491919 345553 5918
BenchmarkRivet_GithubAll 10000 283860 84272 1079
BenchmarkTango_GithubAll 5000 473821 87078 2470
BenchmarkTigerTonic_GithubAll 2000 1120131 241088 6052
BenchmarkTraffic_GithubAll 200 8708979 2664762 22390
BenchmarkVulcan_GithubAll 5000 353392 19894 609
BenchmarkZeus_GithubAll 2000 944234 300688 2648

(1): Total Repetitions
(2): Single Repetition Duration (ns/op)
(3): Heap Memory (B/op)
(4): Average Allocations per Repetition (allocs/op)

Gin v1. stable

  • Zero allocation router.
  • Still the fastest http router and framework. From routing to writing.
  • Complete suite of unit tests
  • Battle tested
  • API frozen, new releases will not break your code.

Start using it

  1. Download and install it:

    $ go get
  2. Import it in your code:

    import ""
  3. (Optional) Import net/http. This is required for example if using constants such as http.StatusOK.

    import "net/http"

API Examples

func main() {
	// Creates a gin router with default middleware:
	// logger and recovery (crash-free) middleware
	router := gin.Default()

	router.GET("/someGet", getting)
	router.POST("/somePost", posting)
	router.PUT("/somePut", putting)
	router.DELETE("/someDelete", deleting)
	router.PATCH("/somePatch", patching)
	router.HEAD("/someHead", head)
	router.OPTIONS("/someOptions", options)

	// By default it serves on :8080 unless a
	// PORT environment variable was defined.
	// router.Run(":3000") for a hard coded port
Parameters in path
func main() {
	router := gin.Default()

	// This handler will match /user/john but will not match neither /user/ or /user
	router.GET("/user/:name", func(c *gin.Context) {
		name := c.Param("name")
		c.String(http.StatusOK, "Hello %s", name)

	// However, this one will match /user/john/ and also /user/john/send
	// If no other routers match /user/john, it will redirect to /user/john/
	router.GET("/user/:name/*action", func(c *gin.Context) {
		name := c.Param("name")
		action := c.Param("action")
		message := name + " is " + action
		c.String(http.StatusOK, message)

Querystring parameters
func main() {
	router := gin.Default()

	// Query string parameters are parsed using the existing underlying request object.
	// The request responds to a url matching:  /welcome?firstname=Jane&lastname=Doe
	router.GET("/welcome", func(c *gin.Context) {
		firstname := c.DefaultQuery("firstname", "Guest")
		lastname := c.Query("lastname") // shortcut for c.Request.URL.Query().Get("lastname")

		c.String(http.StatusOK, "Hello %s %s", firstname, lastname)

Multipart/Urlencoded Form

func main() {
	router := gin.Default()

	router.POST("/form_post", func(c *gin.Context) {
		message := c.PostForm("message")
		nick := c.DefaultPostForm("nick", "anonymous")

		c.JSON(200, gin.H{
			"status":  "posted",
			"message": message,
			"nick":    nick,

Another example: query + post form

POST /post?id=1234&page=1 HTTP/1.1
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded

func main() {
	router := gin.Default()

	router.POST("/post", func(c *gin.Context) {

		id := c.Query("id")
		page := c.DefaultQuery("page", "0")
		name := c.PostForm("name")
		message := c.PostForm("message")

		fmt.Printf("id: %s; page: %s; name: %s; message: %s", id, page, name, message)
id: 1234; page: 1; name: manu; message: this_is_great

Another example: upload file

References issue #548.

func main() {
	router := gin.Default()

	router.POST("/upload", func(c *gin.Context) {

	        file, header , err := c.Request.FormFile("upload")
	        filename := header.Filename
	        out, err := os.Create("./tmp/"+filename+".png")
	        if err != nil {
	        defer out.Close()
	        _, err = io.Copy(out, file)
	        if err != nil {
Grouping routes
func main() {
	router := gin.Default()

	// Simple group: v1
	v1 := router.Group("/v1")
		v1.POST("/login", loginEndpoint)
		v1.POST("/submit", submitEndpoint)
		v1.POST("/read", readEndpoint)

	// Simple group: v2
	v2 := router.Group("/v2")
		v2.POST("/login", loginEndpoint)
		v2.POST("/submit", submitEndpoint)
		v2.POST("/read", readEndpoint)

Blank Gin without middleware by default


r := gin.New()

instead of

r := gin.Default()
Using middleware
func main() {
	// Creates a router without any middleware by default
	r := gin.New()

	// Global middleware

	// Per route middleware, you can add as many as you desire.
	r.GET("/benchmark", MyBenchLogger(), benchEndpoint)

	// Authorization group
	// authorized := r.Group("/", AuthRequired())
	// exactly the same as:
	authorized := r.Group("/")
	// per group middleware! in this case we use the custom created
	// AuthRequired() middleware just in the "authorized" group.
		authorized.POST("/login", loginEndpoint)
		authorized.POST("/submit", submitEndpoint)
		authorized.POST("/read", readEndpoint)

		// nested group
		testing := authorized.Group("testing")
		testing.GET("/analytics", analyticsEndpoint)

	// Listen and serve on
Model binding and validation

To bind a request body into a type, use model binding. We currently support binding of JSON, XML and standard form values (foo=bar&boo=baz).

Note that you need to set the corresponding binding tag on all fields you want to bind. For example, when binding from JSON, set json:"fieldname".

When using the Bind-method, Gin tries to infer the binder depending on the Content-Type header. If you are sure what you are binding, you can use BindWith.

You can also specify that specific fields are required. If a field is decorated with binding:"required" and has a empty value when binding, the current request will fail with an error.

// Binding from JSON
type Login struct {
	User     string `form:"user" json:"user" binding:"required"`
	Password string `form:"password" json:"password" binding:"required"`

func main() {
	router := gin.Default()

	// Example for binding JSON ({"user": "manu", "password": "123"})
	router.POST("/loginJSON", func(c *gin.Context) {
		var json Login
		if c.BindJSON(&json) == nil {
			if json.User == "manu" && json.Password == "123" {
				c.JSON(http.StatusOK, gin.H{"status": "you are logged in"})
			} else {
				c.JSON(http.StatusUnauthorized, gin.H{"status": "unauthorized"})

	// Example for binding a HTML form (user=manu&password=123)
	router.POST("/loginForm", func(c *gin.Context) {
		var form Login
		// This will infer what binder to use depending on the content-type header.
		if c.Bind(&form) == nil {
			if form.User == "manu" && form.Password == "123" {
				c.JSON(http.StatusOK, gin.H{"status": "you are logged in"})
			} else {
				c.JSON(http.StatusUnauthorized, gin.H{"status": "unauthorized"})

	// Listen and serve on

###Multipart/Urlencoded binding

package main

import (

type LoginForm struct {
	User     string `form:"user" binding:"required"`
	Password string `form:"password" binding:"required"`

func main() {
	router := gin.Default()
	router.POST("/login", func(c *gin.Context) {
		// you can bind multipart form with explicit binding declaration:
		// c.BindWith(&form, binding.Form)
		// or you can simply use autobinding with Bind method:
		var form LoginForm
		// in this case proper binding will be automatically selected
		if c.Bind(&form) == nil {
			if form.User == "user" && form.Password == "password" {
				c.JSON(200, gin.H{"status": "you are logged in"})
			} else {
				c.JSON(401, gin.H{"status": "unauthorized"})

Test it with:

$ curl -v --form user=user --form password=password http://localhost:8080/login
XML, JSON and YAML rendering
func main() {
	r := gin.Default()

	// gin.H is a shortcut for map[string]interface{}
	r.GET("/someJSON", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.JSON(http.StatusOK, gin.H{"message": "hey", "status": http.StatusOK})

	r.GET("/moreJSON", func(c *gin.Context) {
		// You also can use a struct
		var msg struct {
			Name    string `json:"user"`
			Message string
			Number  int
		msg.Name = "Lena"
		msg.Message = "hey"
		msg.Number = 123
		// Note that msg.Name becomes "user" in the JSON
		// Will output  :   {"user": "Lena", "Message": "hey", "Number": 123}
		c.JSON(http.StatusOK, msg)

	r.GET("/someXML", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.XML(http.StatusOK, gin.H{"message": "hey", "status": http.StatusOK})

	r.GET("/someYAML", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.YAML(http.StatusOK, gin.H{"message": "hey", "status": http.StatusOK})

	// Listen and serve on

####Serving static files

func main() {
	router := gin.Default()
	router.Static("/assets", "./assets")
	router.StaticFS("/more_static", http.Dir("my_file_system"))
	router.StaticFile("/favicon.ico", "./resources/favicon.ico")

	// Listen and serve on

####HTML rendering

Using LoadHTMLTemplates()

func main() {
	router := gin.Default()
	//router.LoadHTMLFiles("templates/template1.html", "templates/template2.html")
	router.GET("/index", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.HTML(http.StatusOK, "index.tmpl", gin.H{
			"title": "Main website",


		{{ .title }}

Using templates with same name in different directories

func main() {
	router := gin.Default()
	router.GET("/posts/index", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.HTML(http.StatusOK, "posts/index.tmpl", gin.H{
			"title": "Posts",
	router.GET("/users/index", func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.HTML(http.StatusOK, "users/index.tmpl", gin.H{
			"title": "Users",


{{ define "posts/index.tmpl" }}
	{{ .title }}
<p>Using posts/index.tmpl</p>
{{ end }}


{{ define "users/index.tmpl" }}
	{{ .title }}
<p>Using users/index.tmpl</p>
{{ end }}

You can also use your own html template render

import "html/template"

func main() {
	router := gin.Default()
	html := template.Must(template.ParseFiles("file1", "file2"))

Issuing a HTTP redirect is easy:

r.GET("/test", func(c *gin.Context) {
	c.Redirect(http.StatusMovedPermanently, "")

Both internal and external locations are supported.

Custom Middleware
func Logger() gin.HandlerFunc {
	return func(c *gin.Context) {
		t := time.Now()

		// Set example variable
		c.Set("example", "12345")

		// before request


		// after request
		latency := time.Since(t)

		// access the status we are sending
		status := c.Writer.Status()

func main() {
	r := gin.New()

	r.GET("/test", func(c *gin.Context) {
		example := c.MustGet("example").(string)

		// it would print: "12345"

	// Listen and serve on
Using BasicAuth() middleware
// simulate some private data
var secrets = gin.H{
	"foo":    gin.H{"email": "", "phone": "123433"},
	"austin": gin.H{"email": "", "phone": "666"},
	"lena":   gin.H{"email": "", "phone": "523443"},

func main() {
	r := gin.Default()

	// Group using gin.BasicAuth() middleware
	// gin.Accounts is a shortcut for map[string]string
	authorized := r.Group("/admin", gin.BasicAuth(gin.Accounts{
		"foo":    "bar",
		"austin": "1234",
		"lena":   "hello2",
		"manu":   "4321",

	// /admin/secrets endpoint
	// hit "localhost:8080/admin/secrets
	authorized.GET("/secrets", func(c *gin.Context) {
		// get user, it was set by the BasicAuth middleware
		user := c.MustGet(gin.AuthUserKey).(string)
		if secret, ok := secrets[user]; ok {
			c.JSON(http.StatusOK, gin.H{"user": user, "secret": secret})
		} else {
			c.JSON(http.StatusOK, gin.H{"user": user, "secret": "NO SECRET :("})

	// Listen and serve on
Goroutines inside a middleware

When starting inside a middleware or handler, you SHOULD NOT use the original context inside it, you have to use a read-only copy.

func main() {
	r := gin.Default()

	r.GET("/long_async", func(c *gin.Context) {
		// create copy to be used inside the goroutine
		cCp := c.Copy()
		go func() {
			// simulate a long task with time.Sleep(). 5 seconds
			time.Sleep(5 * time.Second)

			// note that you are using the copied context "cCp", IMPORTANT
			log.Println("Done! in path " + cCp.Request.URL.Path)

	r.GET("/long_sync", func(c *gin.Context) {
		// simulate a long task with time.Sleep(). 5 seconds
		time.Sleep(5 * time.Second)

		// since we are NOT using a goroutine, we do not have to copy the context
		log.Println("Done! in path " + c.Request.URL.Path)

	// Listen and serve on
Custom HTTP configuration

Use http.ListenAndServe() directly, like this:

func main() {
	router := gin.Default()
	http.ListenAndServe(":8080", router)


func main() {
	router := gin.Default()

	s := &http.Server{
		Addr:           ":8080",
		Handler:        router,
		ReadTimeout:    10 * time.Second,
		WriteTimeout:   10 * time.Second,
		MaxHeaderBytes: 1 << 20,
Graceful restart or stop

Do you want to graceful restart or stop your web server? There are some ways this can be done.

We can use fvbock/endless to replace the default ListenAndServe. Refer issue #296 for more details.

router := gin.Default()
router.GET("/", handler)
// [...]
endless.ListenAndServe(":4242", router)

An alternative to endless:

  • manners: A polite Go HTTP server that shuts down gracefully.


  • With issues:
    • Use the search tool before opening a new issue.
    • Please provide source code and commit sha if you found a bug.
    • Review existing issues and provide feedback or react to them.
  • With pull requests:
    • Open your pull request against develop
    • Your pull request should have no more than two commits, if not you should squash them.
    • It should pass all tests in the available continuous integrations systems such as TravisCI.
    • You should add/modify tests to cover your proposed code changes.
    • If your pull request contains a new feature, please document it on the README.


Awesome project lists using Gin web framework.

  • drone: Drone is a Continuous Delivery platform built on Docker, written in Go
  • gorush: A push notification server written in Go.




View Source
const (
	MIMEJSON              = binding.MIMEJSON
	MIMEHTML              = binding.MIMEHTML
	MIMEXML               = binding.MIMEXML
	MIMEXML2              = binding.MIMEXML2
	MIMEPlain             = binding.MIMEPlain
	MIMEPOSTForm          = binding.MIMEPOSTForm
	MIMEMultipartPOSTForm = binding.MIMEMultipartPOSTForm

Content-Type MIME of the most common data formats

View Source
const (
	DebugMode   string = "debug"
	ReleaseMode string = "release"
	TestMode    string = "test"
View Source
const AuthUserKey = "user"
View Source
const BindKey = "_gin-gonic/gin/bindkey"
View Source
View Source
const Version = "v1.0rc2"

Version is Framework's version


View Source
var DefaultErrorWriter io.Writer = os.Stderr
View Source
var DefaultWriter io.Writer = os.Stdout

DefaultWriter is the default io.Writer used the Gin for debug output and middleware output like Logger() or Recovery(). Note that both Logger and Recovery provides custom ways to configure their output io.Writer. To support coloring in Windows use:

import ""
gin.DefaultWriter = colorable.NewColorableStdout()


func Dir

func Dir(root string, listDirectory bool) http.FileSystem

Dir returns a http.Filesystem that can be used by http.FileServer(). It is used interally in router.Static(). if listDirectory == true, then it works the same as http.Dir() otherwise it returns a filesystem that prevents http.FileServer() to list the directory files.

func DisableBindValidation

func DisableBindValidation()

func IsDebugging

func IsDebugging() bool

IsDebugging returns true if the framework is running in debug mode. Use SetMode(gin.Release) to switch to disable the debug mode.

func Mode

func Mode() string

func SetMode

func SetMode(value string)


type Accounts

type Accounts map[string]string

type Context

type Context struct {
	Request *http.Request
	Writer  ResponseWriter

	Params Params

	Keys     map[string]interface{}
	Errors   errorMsgs
	Accepted []string
	// contains filtered or unexported fields

Context is the most important part of gin. It allows us to pass variables between middleware, manage the flow, validate the JSON of a request and render a JSON response for example.

func (*Context) Abort

func (c *Context) Abort()

Abort prevents pending handlers from being called. Note that this will not stop the current handler. Let's say you have an authorization middleware that validates that the current request is authorized. If the authorization fails (ex: the password does not match), call Abort to ensure the remaining handlers for this request are not called.

func (*Context) AbortWithError

func (c *Context) AbortWithError(code int, err error) *Error

AbortWithError calls `AbortWithStatus()` and `Error()` internally. This method stops the chain, writes the status code and pushes the specified error to `c.Errors`. See Context.Error() for more details.

func (*Context) AbortWithStatus

func (c *Context) AbortWithStatus(code int)

AbortWithStatus calls `Abort()` and writes the headers with the specified status code. For example, a failed attempt to authentificate a request could use: context.AbortWithStatus(401).

func (*Context) Bind

func (c *Context) Bind(obj interface{}) error

Bind checks the Content-Type to select a binding engine automatically, Depending the "Content-Type" header different bindings are used:

"application/json" --> JSON binding
"application/xml"  --> XML binding

otherwise --> returns an error It parses the request's body as JSON if Content-Type == "application/json" using JSON or XML as a JSON input. It decodes the json payload into the struct specified as a pointer. Like ParseBody() but this method also writes a 400 error if the json is not valid.

func (*Context) BindJSON

func (c *Context) BindJSON(obj interface{}) error

BindJSON is a shortcut for c.BindWith(obj, binding.JSON)

func (*Context) BindWith

func (c *Context) BindWith(obj interface{}, b binding.Binding) error

BindWith binds the passed struct pointer using the specified binding engine. See the binding package.

func (*Context) ClientIP

func (c *Context) ClientIP() string

ClientIP implements a best effort algorithm to return the real client IP, it parses X-Real-IP and X-Forwarded-For in order to work properly with reverse-proxies such us: nginx or haproxy.

func (*Context) ContentType

func (c *Context) ContentType() string

ContentType returns the Content-Type header of the request.

func (*Context) Cookie

func (c *Context) Cookie(name string) (string, error)

func (*Context) Copy

func (c *Context) Copy() *Context

Copy returns a copy of the current context that can be safely used outside the request's scope. This have to be used then the context has to be passed to a goroutine.

func (*Context) Data

func (c *Context) Data(code int, contentType string, data []byte)

Data writes some data into the body stream and updates the HTTP code.

func (*Context) Deadline

func (c *Context) Deadline() (deadline time.Time, ok bool)

func (*Context) DefaultPostForm

func (c *Context) DefaultPostForm(key, defaultValue string) string

DefaultPostForm returns the specified key from a POST urlencoded form or multipart form when it exists, otherwise it returns the specified defaultValue string. See: PostForm() and GetPostForm() for further information.

func (*Context) DefaultQuery

func (c *Context) DefaultQuery(key, defaultValue string) string

DefaultQuery returns the keyed url query value if it exists, othewise it returns the specified defaultValue string. See: Query() and GetQuery() for further information.

GET /?name=Manu&lastname=
c.DefaultQuery("name", "unknown") == "Manu"
c.DefaultQuery("id", "none") == "none"
c.DefaultQuery("lastname", "none") == ""

func (*Context) Done

func (c *Context) Done() <-chan struct{}

func (*Context) Err

func (c *Context) Err() error

func (*Context) Error

func (c *Context) Error(err error) *Error

Attaches an error to the current context. The error is pushed to a list of errors. It's a good idea to call Error for each error that occurred during the resolution of a request. A middleware can be used to collect all the errors and push them to a database together, print a log, or append it in the HTTP response.

func (*Context) File

func (c *Context) File(filepath string)

File writes the specified file into the body stream in a efficient way.

func (*Context) Get

func (c *Context) Get(key string) (value interface{}, exists bool)

Get returns the value for the given key, ie: (value, true). If the value does not exists it returns (nil, false)

func (*Context) GetCookie

func (c *Context) GetCookie(name string) (string, error)

func (*Context) GetPostForm

func (c *Context) GetPostForm(key string) (string, bool)

GetPostForm is like PostForm(key). It returns the specified key from a POST urlencoded form or multipart form when it exists `(value, true)` (even when the value is an empty string), otherwise it returns ("", false). For example, during a PATCH request to update the user's email:  -->  ("", true) := GetPostForm("email") // set email to ""
email=  			  	-->  ("", true) := GetPostForm("email") // set email to ""
					 	-->  ("", false) := GetPostForm("email") // do nothing with email

func (*Context) GetPostFormArray

func (c *Context) GetPostFormArray(key string) ([]string, bool)

GetPostFormArray returns a slice of strings for a given form key, plus a boolean value whether at least one value exists for the given key.

func (*Context) GetQuery

func (c *Context) GetQuery(key string) (string, bool)

GetQuery is like Query(), it returns the keyed url query value if it exists `(value, true)` (even when the value is an empty string), othewise it returns `("", false)`. It is shortcut for `c.Request.URL.Query().Get(key)`

GET /?name=Manu&lastname=
("Manu", true) == c.GetQuery("name")
("", false) == c.GetQuery("id")
("", true) == c.GetQuery("lastname")

func (*Context) GetQueryArray

func (c *Context) GetQueryArray(key string) ([]string, bool)

GetQueryArray returns a slice of strings for a given query key, plus a boolean value whether at least one value exists for the given key.

func (*Context) HTML

func (c *Context) HTML(code int, name string, obj interface{})

HTML renders the HTTP template specified by its file name. It also updates the HTTP code and sets the Content-Type as "text/html". See

func (*Context) HandlerName

func (c *Context) HandlerName() string

HandlerName returns the main handler's name. For example if the handler is "handleGetUsers()", this function will return "main.handleGetUsers"

func (*Context) Header

func (c *Context) Header(key, value string)

Header is a intelligent shortcut for c.Writer.Header().Set(key, value) It writes a header in the response. If value == "", this method removes the header `c.Writer.Header().Del(key)`

func (*Context) IndentedJSON

func (c *Context) IndentedJSON(code int, obj interface{})

IndentedJSON serializes the given struct as pretty JSON (indented + endlines) into the response body. It also sets the Content-Type as "application/json". WARNING: we recommend to use this only for development propuses since printing pretty JSON is more CPU and bandwidth consuming. Use Context.JSON() instead.

func (*Context) IsAborted

func (c *Context) IsAborted() bool

IsAborted returns true if the current context was aborted.

func (*Context) JSON

func (c *Context) JSON(code int, obj interface{})

JSON serializes the given struct as JSON into the response body. It also sets the Content-Type as "application/json".

func (*Context) MustGet

func (c *Context) MustGet(key string) interface{}

MustGet returns the value for the given key if it exists, otherwise it panics.

func (*Context) Negotiate

func (c *Context) Negotiate(code int, config Negotiate)

func (*Context) NegotiateFormat

func (c *Context) NegotiateFormat(offered ...string) string

func (*Context) Next

func (c *Context) Next()

Next should be used only inside middleware. It executes the pending handlers in the chain inside the calling handler. See example in github.

func (*Context) Param

func (c *Context) Param(key string) string

Param returns the value of the URL param. It is a shortcut for c.Params.ByName(key)

router.GET("/user/:id", func(c *gin.Context) {
	// a GET request to /user/john
	id := c.Param("id") // id == "john"

func (*Context) PostForm

func (c *Context) PostForm(key string) string

PostForm returns the specified key from a POST urlencoded form or multipart form when it exists, otherwise it returns an empty string `("")`.

func (*Context) PostFormArray

func (c *Context) PostFormArray(key string) []string

PostFormArray returns a slice of strings for a given form key. The length of the slice depends on the number of params with the given key.

func (*Context) Query

func (c *Context) Query(key string) string

Query returns the keyed url query value if it exists, othewise it returns an empty string `("")`. It is shortcut for `c.Request.URL.Query().Get(key)`

GET /path?id=1234&name=Manu&value=
c.Query("id") == "1234"
c.Query("name") == "Manu"
c.Query("value") == ""
c.Query("wtf") == ""

func (*Context) QueryArray

func (c *Context) QueryArray(key string) []string

QueryArray returns a slice of strings for a given query key. The length of the slice depends on the number of params with the given key.

func (*Context) Redirect

func (c *Context) Redirect(code int, location string)

Redirect returns a HTTP redirect to the specific location.

func (*Context) Render

func (c *Context) Render(code int, r render.Render)

func (*Context) SSEvent

func (c *Context) SSEvent(name string, message interface{})

SSEvent writes a Server-Sent Event into the body stream.

func (*Context) Set

func (c *Context) Set(key string, value interface{})

Set is used to store a new key/value pair exclusivelly for this context. It also lazy initializes c.Keys if it was not used previously.

func (*Context) SetAccepted

func (c *Context) SetAccepted(formats ...string)

func (*Context) SetCookie

func (c *Context) SetCookie(
	name string,
	value string,
	maxAge int,
	path string,
	domain string,
	secure bool,
	httpOnly bool,

func (*Context) Status

func (c *Context) Status(code int)

func (*Context) Stream

func (c *Context) Stream(step func(w io.Writer) bool)

func (*Context) String

func (c *Context) String(code int, format string, values ...interface{})

String writes the given string into the response body.

func (*Context) Value

func (c *Context) Value(key interface{}) interface{}

func (*Context) XML

func (c *Context) XML(code int, obj interface{})

XML serializes the given struct as XML into the response body. It also sets the Content-Type as "application/xml".

func (*Context) YAML

func (c *Context) YAML(code int, obj interface{})

YAML serializes the given struct as YAML into the response body.

type Engine

type Engine struct {
	HTMLRender render.HTMLRender

	// Enables automatic redirection if the current route can't be matched but a
	// handler for the path with (without) the trailing slash exists.
	// For example if /foo/ is requested but a route only exists for /foo, the
	// client is redirected to /foo with http status code 301 for GET requests
	// and 307 for all other request methods.
	RedirectTrailingSlash bool

	// If enabled, the router tries to fix the current request path, if no
	// handle is registered for it.
	// First superfluous path elements like ../ or // are removed.
	// Afterwards the router does a case-insensitive lookup of the cleaned path.
	// If a handle can be found for this route, the router makes a redirection
	// to the corrected path with status code 301 for GET requests and 307 for
	// all other request methods.
	// For example /FOO and /..//Foo could be redirected to /foo.
	// RedirectTrailingSlash is independent of this option.
	RedirectFixedPath bool

	// If enabled, the router checks if another method is allowed for the
	// current route, if the current request can not be routed.
	// If this is the case, the request is answered with 'Method Not Allowed'
	// and HTTP status code 405.
	// If no other Method is allowed, the request is delegated to the NotFound
	// handler.
	HandleMethodNotAllowed bool
	ForwardedByClientIP    bool
	// contains filtered or unexported fields

Engine is the framework's instance, it contains the muxer, middleware and configuration settings. Create an instance of Engine, by using New() or Default()

func Default

func Default() *Engine

Default returns an Engine instance with the Logger and Recovery middleware already attached.

func New

func New() *Engine

New returns a new blank Engine instance without any middleware attached. By default the configuration is: - RedirectTrailingSlash: true - RedirectFixedPath: false - HandleMethodNotAllowed: false - ForwardedByClientIP: true

func (*Engine) LoadHTMLFiles

func (engine *Engine) LoadHTMLFiles(files ...string)

func (*Engine) LoadHTMLGlob

func (engine *Engine) LoadHTMLGlob(pattern string)

func (*Engine) NoMethod

func (engine *Engine) NoMethod(handlers ...HandlerFunc)

NoMethod sets the handlers called when... TODO

func (*Engine) NoRoute

func (engine *Engine) NoRoute(handlers ...HandlerFunc)

NoRoute adds handlers for NoRoute. It return a 404 code by default.

func (*Engine) Routes

func (engine *Engine) Routes() (routes RoutesInfo)

Routes returns a slice of registered routes, including some useful information, such as: the http method, path and the handler name.

func (*Engine) Run

func (engine *Engine) Run(addr ...string) (err error)

Run attaches the router to a http.Server and starts listening and serving HTTP requests. It is a shortcut for http.ListenAndServe(addr, router) Note: this method will block the calling goroutine indefinitely unless an error happens.

func (*Engine) RunTLS

func (engine *Engine) RunTLS(addr string, certFile string, keyFile string) (err error)

RunTLS attaches the router to a http.Server and starts listening and serving HTTPS (secure) requests. It is a shortcut for http.ListenAndServeTLS(addr, certFile, keyFile, router) Note: this method will block the calling goroutine indefinitely unless an error happens.

func (*Engine) RunUnix

func (engine *Engine) RunUnix(file string) (err error)

RunUnix attaches the router to a http.Server and starts listening and serving HTTP requests through the specified unix socket (ie. a file). Note: this method will block the calling goroutine indefinitely unless an error happens.

func (*Engine) ServeHTTP

func (engine *Engine) ServeHTTP(w http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request)

Conforms to the http.Handler interface.

func (*Engine) SetHTMLTemplate

func (engine *Engine) SetHTMLTemplate(templ *template.Template)

func (*Engine) Use

func (engine *Engine) Use(middleware ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

Use attachs a global middleware to the router. ie. the middleware attached though Use() will be included in the handlers chain for every single request. Even 404, 405, static files... For example, this is the right place for a logger or error management middleware.

type Error

type Error struct {
	Err  error
	Type ErrorType
	Meta interface{}

func (*Error) Error

func (msg *Error) Error() string

Implements the error interface

func (*Error) IsType

func (msg *Error) IsType(flags ErrorType) bool

func (*Error) JSON

func (msg *Error) JSON() interface{}

func (*Error) MarshalJSON

func (msg *Error) MarshalJSON() ([]byte, error)

MarshalJSON implements the json.Marshaller interface

func (*Error) SetMeta

func (msg *Error) SetMeta(data interface{}) *Error

func (*Error) SetType

func (msg *Error) SetType(flags ErrorType) *Error

type ErrorType

type ErrorType uint64
const (
	ErrorTypeBind    ErrorType = 1 << 63 // used when c.Bind() fails
	ErrorTypeRender  ErrorType = 1 << 62 // used when c.Render() fails
	ErrorTypePrivate ErrorType = 1 << 0
	ErrorTypePublic  ErrorType = 1 << 1

	ErrorTypeAny ErrorType = 1<<64 - 1
	ErrorTypeNu            = 2

type H

type H map[string]interface{}

func (H) MarshalXML

func (h H) MarshalXML(e *xml.Encoder, start xml.StartElement) error

MarshalXML allows type H to be used with xml.Marshal

type HandlerFunc

type HandlerFunc func(*Context)

func BasicAuth

func BasicAuth(accounts Accounts) HandlerFunc

BasicAuth returns a Basic HTTP Authorization middleware. It takes as argument a map[string]string where the key is the user name and the value is the password.

func BasicAuthForRealm

func BasicAuthForRealm(accounts Accounts, realm string) HandlerFunc

BasicAuthForRealm returns a Basic HTTP Authorization middleware. It takes as arguments a map[string]string where the key is the user name and the value is the password, as well as the name of the Realm. If the realm is empty, "Authorization Required" will be used by default. (see

func Bind

func Bind(val interface{}) HandlerFunc

func ErrorLogger

func ErrorLogger() HandlerFunc

func ErrorLoggerT

func ErrorLoggerT(typ ErrorType) HandlerFunc

func Logger

func Logger() HandlerFunc

Logger instances a Logger middleware that will write the logs to gin.DefaultWriter By default gin.DefaultWriter = os.Stdout

func LoggerWithWriter

func LoggerWithWriter(out io.Writer, notlogged ...string) HandlerFunc

LoggerWithWriter instance a Logger middleware with the specified writter buffer. Example: os.Stdout, a file opened in write mode, a socket...

func Recovery

func Recovery() HandlerFunc

Recovery returns a middleware that recovers from any panics and writes a 500 if there was one.

func RecoveryWithWriter

func RecoveryWithWriter(out io.Writer) HandlerFunc

func WrapF

func WrapF(f http.HandlerFunc) HandlerFunc

func WrapH

func WrapH(h http.Handler) HandlerFunc

type HandlersChain

type HandlersChain []HandlerFunc

func (HandlersChain) Last

func (c HandlersChain) Last() HandlerFunc

Last returns the last handler in the chain. ie. the last handler is the main own.

type IRouter

type IRouter interface {
	Group(string, ...HandlerFunc) *RouterGroup

type IRoutes

type IRoutes interface {
	Use(...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

	Handle(string, string, ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes
	Any(string, ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes
	GET(string, ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes
	POST(string, ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes
	DELETE(string, ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes
	PATCH(string, ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes
	PUT(string, ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes
	OPTIONS(string, ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes
	HEAD(string, ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

	StaticFile(string, string) IRoutes
	Static(string, string) IRoutes
	StaticFS(string, http.FileSystem) IRoutes

type Negotiate

type Negotiate struct {
	Offered  []string
	HTMLName string
	HTMLData interface{}
	JSONData interface{}
	XMLData  interface{}
	Data     interface{}

type Param

type Param struct {
	Key   string
	Value string

Param is a single URL parameter, consisting of a key and a value.

type Params

type Params []Param

Params is a Param-slice, as returned by the router. The slice is ordered, the first URL parameter is also the first slice value. It is therefore safe to read values by the index.

func (Params) ByName

func (ps Params) ByName(name string) (va string)

ByName returns the value of the first Param which key matches the given name. If no matching Param is found, an empty string is returned.

func (Params) Get

func (ps Params) Get(name string) (string, bool)

Get returns the value of the first Param which key matches the given name. If no matching Param is found, an empty string is returned.

type ResponseWriter

type ResponseWriter interface {

	// Returns the HTTP response status code of the current request.
	Status() int

	// Returns the number of bytes already written into the response http body.
	// See Written()
	Size() int

	// Writes the string into the response body.
	WriteString(string) (int, error)

	// Returns true if the response body was already written.
	Written() bool

	// Forces to write the http header (status code + headers).

type RouteInfo

type RouteInfo struct {
	Method  string
	Path    string
	Handler string

type RouterGroup

type RouterGroup struct {
	Handlers HandlersChain
	// contains filtered or unexported fields

RouterGroup is used internally to configure router, a RouterGroup is associated with a prefix and an array of handlers (middleware)

func (*RouterGroup) Any

func (group *RouterGroup) Any(relativePath string, handlers ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

Any registers a route that matches all the HTTP methods. GET, POST, PUT, PATCH, HEAD, OPTIONS, DELETE, CONNECT, TRACE

func (*RouterGroup) BasePath

func (group *RouterGroup) BasePath() string

func (*RouterGroup) DELETE

func (group *RouterGroup) DELETE(relativePath string, handlers ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

DELETE is a shortcut for router.Handle("DELETE", path, handle)

func (*RouterGroup) GET

func (group *RouterGroup) GET(relativePath string, handlers ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

GET is a shortcut for router.Handle("GET", path, handle)

func (*RouterGroup) Group

func (group *RouterGroup) Group(relativePath string, handlers ...HandlerFunc) *RouterGroup

Group creates a new router group. You should add all the routes that have common middlwares or the same path prefix. For example, all the routes that use a common middlware for authorization could be grouped.

func (*RouterGroup) HEAD

func (group *RouterGroup) HEAD(relativePath string, handlers ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

HEAD is a shortcut for router.Handle("HEAD", path, handle)

func (*RouterGroup) Handle

func (group *RouterGroup) Handle(httpMethod, relativePath string, handlers ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

Handle registers a new request handle and middleware with the given path and method. The last handler should be the real handler, the other ones should be middleware that can and should be shared among different routes. See the example code in github.

For GET, POST, PUT, PATCH and DELETE requests the respective shortcut functions can be used.

This function is intended for bulk loading and to allow the usage of less frequently used, non-standardized or custom methods (e.g. for internal communication with a proxy).

func (*RouterGroup) OPTIONS

func (group *RouterGroup) OPTIONS(relativePath string, handlers ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

OPTIONS is a shortcut for router.Handle("OPTIONS", path, handle)

func (*RouterGroup) PATCH

func (group *RouterGroup) PATCH(relativePath string, handlers ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

PATCH is a shortcut for router.Handle("PATCH", path, handle)

func (*RouterGroup) POST

func (group *RouterGroup) POST(relativePath string, handlers ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

POST is a shortcut for router.Handle("POST", path, handle)

func (*RouterGroup) PUT

func (group *RouterGroup) PUT(relativePath string, handlers ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

PUT is a shortcut for router.Handle("PUT", path, handle)

func (*RouterGroup) Static

func (group *RouterGroup) Static(relativePath, root string) IRoutes

Static serves files from the given file system root. Internally a http.FileServer is used, therefore http.NotFound is used instead of the Router's NotFound handler. To use the operating system's file system implementation, use :

router.Static("/static", "/var/www")

func (*RouterGroup) StaticFS

func (group *RouterGroup) StaticFS(relativePath string, fs http.FileSystem) IRoutes

StaticFS works just like `Static()` but a custom `http.FileSystem` can be used instead. Gin by default user: gin.Dir()

func (*RouterGroup) StaticFile

func (group *RouterGroup) StaticFile(relativePath, filepath string) IRoutes

StaticFile registers a single route in order to server a single file of the local filesystem. router.StaticFile("favicon.ico", "./resources/favicon.ico")

func (*RouterGroup) Use

func (group *RouterGroup) Use(middleware ...HandlerFunc) IRoutes

Use adds middleware to the group, see example code in github.

type RoutesInfo

type RoutesInfo []RouteInfo


Path Synopsis
Package example is a generated protocol buffer package.
Package example is a generated protocol buffer package.

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