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Published: May 9, 2019 License: MIT


GOWOG, Open source GOlang Web-based Online Game

GOWOG is a multiplayer web game written in Golang. Thanks to Golang, the server can handle a large number of players concurrently.


Try the game

Southeast Asia region (Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia ...)


Due to the cost of hosting. The server is hosted only on SEA.

AI Experiment on the Agent

As the server, client and messages are decoupled, it is easy to communicate with backend. Below is my AI agent written in Python that learns to interact with environment. This experiment is to find a path in a maze using neuroevolution


The implementation is at gowog/ai


You can try the game on local by running ./run_local.sh. It will build a docker environment and run the game on port 8080.

Open the browser "localhost:8080"



The game contains two part: Server and Client. Server uses Golang and Client uses Node.JS and Phaser game engine.


Install Golang https://golang.org/doc/install

Install dependencies

  • go get github.com/gorilla/websocket
  • go get github.com/golang/protobuf/protoc-gen-go
  • go get github.com/pkg/profile

Run the server. The server will listen at port 8080.

Go to gowog folder

  • go run server/cmd/server/*

Install NodeJS https://nodejs.org/en/download/

Go to gowog/client folder

Install dependencies

  • npm install

Run the client. The client will listen at port 3000. env.HOST_IP is the IP of gowog server which is localhost:8080 now.

  • npm run dev -- --env.HOST_IP=localhost:8080

Open the browser "localhost:3000"


In development we run client on port 3000 and server on port 8080 separately.

In production and docker environment, the client is built and golang server will return client page on the same port 8080. Therefore, if we run docker environment, the game will start at "localhost:8080" in browser.

Communication convention

Communication packages between server and client is based on protobuf. Install protoc for protobuf generate.

Everytime you change package singature in /sertver/message.proto. Run

  • go to gowog/server

  • /generate.sh






Why we need Golang for multiplayer game?

Building a massively multiplayer game is very difficult and it's currently overlooked. You have to ensure the latency is acceptable, handle shared states concurrently and allow it to scale vertically. Golang provides a very elegant concept to handle concurrency with goroutine and channel.

Why the gameplay is so simple and frontend codebase is so unorganized?

The gameplay is mainly for demonstration purpose. My goal is to keep the game simple as current and scale number of players vertically while maintaining good latency (< 100ms). I welcome all of your ideas to make the game more scalable.

However, I'm still open to Graphic improvement and client codebase refactor. I would love to see some particles burst or glow, motion effects. Remember that different people have different perspective on how the game should look, so we need full consensus before making ui change.

Why protobuf?

To optimize package size, we need to compress it into binary. Protobuf offers fast language-neutral serialization and deserilization, so Golang server can communicate with JS client in an optimal way.

We can consider faster serilization format like Cap'n Proto or FlatBuffers.

Why the multiplayer game is not room-based (less than 20 players per game)

In my opinion, room-based is less challenging because each room is totally separated from each other and we can scale the game easier by adding more instances. This repo is to illustrate how many players the game can serve on one multi-core single machine.

And of course my ultimate goal is to make the non room-based game scale vertically by adding more instances.

Contribution guidelines

I'm looking forward to have your contribution to GOWOG, which can help the game smoother and more scalable. If you have any ideas to improve game performance, please discuss in this issue Discussion.

I also welcome frontend improvement like codebase reorganization, performance enhancement. In the case you want to improve the UI, please create an issue to show the new design so we can make an agreement on that.

As my desire is to utilize Golang concurrency paradigm to achieve smooth gaming experience with massive number of players, I will keep the gameplay simple. Player can move around and shoot each other. Any gameplay changes are not accepted.




https://github.com/huytd/agar.io-clone (My inspiration)


MIT License


Nguyen Huu Thanh


Path Synopsis
package config.
package config.
package shape is to define shape interface of game object to handle object collision proper
package shape is to define shape interface of game object to handle object collision proper

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