Documentation

Index

Constants

View Source
const RequestIDKey ctxKeyRequestID = 0

RequestIDKey is the key that holds the unique request ID in a request context.

Variables

View Source
var (
	// LogEntryCtxKey is the context.Context key to store the request log entry.
	LogEntryCtxKey = &contextKey{"LogEntry"}

	// DefaultLogger is called by the Logger middleware handler to log each request.
	// Its made a package-level variable so that it can be reconfigured for custom
	// logging configurations.
	DefaultLogger func(next http.Handler) http.Handler
)
View Source
var IsTTY bool
View Source
var RequestIDHeader = "X-Request-Id"

RequestIDHeader is the name of the HTTP Header which contains the request id. Exported so that it can be changed by developers

View Source
var (
	// URLFormatCtxKey is the context.Context key to store the URL format data
	// for a request.
	URLFormatCtxKey = &contextKey{"URLFormat"}
)

Functions

func AllowContentEncoding

func AllowContentEncoding(contentEncoding ...string) func(next http.Handler) http.Handler

AllowContentEncoding enforces a whitelist of request Content-Encoding otherwise responds with a 415 Unsupported Media Type status.

func AllowContentType

func AllowContentType(contentTypes ...string) func(next http.Handler) http.Handler

AllowContentType enforces a whitelist of request Content-Types otherwise responds with a 415 Unsupported Media Type status.

func BasicAuth

func BasicAuth(realm string, creds map[string]string) func(next http.Handler) http.Handler

BasicAuth implements a simple middleware handler for adding basic http auth to a route.

func CleanPath

func CleanPath(next http.Handler) http.Handler

CleanPath middleware will clean out double slash mistakes from a user's request path. For example, if a user requests /users//1 or //users////1 will both be treated as: /users/1

func Compress

func Compress(level int, types ...string) func(next http.Handler) http.Handler

Compress is a middleware that compresses response body of a given content types to a data format based on Accept-Encoding request header. It uses a given compression level.

NOTE: make sure to set the Content-Type header on your response otherwise this middleware will not compress the response body. For ex, in your handler you should set w.Header().Set("Content-Type", http.DetectContentType(yourBody)) or set it manually.

Passing a compression level of 5 is sensible value

func ContentCharset

func ContentCharset(charsets ...string) func(next http.Handler) http.Handler

ContentCharset generates a handler that writes a 415 Unsupported Media Type response if none of the charsets match. An empty charset will allow requests with no Content-Type header or no specified charset.

func GetHead

func GetHead(next http.Handler) http.Handler

GetHead automatically route undefined HEAD requests to GET handlers.

func GetReqID

func GetReqID(ctx context.Context) string

GetReqID returns a request ID from the given context if one is present. Returns the empty string if a request ID cannot be found.

func Heartbeat

func Heartbeat(endpoint string) func(http.Handler) http.Handler

Heartbeat endpoint middleware useful to setting up a path like `/ping` that load balancers or uptime testing external services can make a request before hitting any routes. It's also convenient to place this above ACL middlewares as well.

func Logger

func Logger(next http.Handler) http.Handler

Logger is a middleware that logs the start and end of each request, along with some useful data about what was requested, what the response status was, and how long it took to return. When standard output is a TTY, Logger will print in color, otherwise it will print in black and white. Logger prints a request ID if one is provided.

Alternatively, look at https://github.com/goware/httplog for a more in-depth http logger with structured logging support.

IMPORTANT NOTE: Logger should go before any other middleware that may change the response, such as `middleware.Recoverer`. Example:

```go r := chi.NewRouter() r.Use(middleware.Logger) // <--<< Logger should come before Recoverer r.Use(middleware.Recoverer) r.Get("/", handler) ```

func New

func New(h http.Handler) func(next http.Handler) http.Handler

New will create a new middleware handler from a http.Handler.

func NextRequestID

func NextRequestID() uint64

NextRequestID generates the next request ID in the sequence.

func NoCache

func NoCache(h http.Handler) http.Handler

NoCache is a simple piece of middleware that sets a number of HTTP headers to prevent a router (or subrouter) from being cached by an upstream proxy and/or client.

As per http://wiki.nginx.org/HttpProxyModule - NoCache sets:

Expires: Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:00 UTC
Cache-Control: no-cache, private, max-age=0
X-Accel-Expires: 0
Pragma: no-cache (for HTTP/1.0 proxies/clients)

func PrintPrettyStack

func PrintPrettyStack(rvr interface{})

func Profiler

func Profiler() http.Handler

Profiler is a convenient subrouter used for mounting net/http/pprof. ie.

func MyService() http.Handler {
  r := chi.NewRouter()
  // ..middlewares
  r.Mount("/debug", middleware.Profiler())
  // ..routes
  return r
}

func RealIP

func RealIP(h http.Handler) http.Handler

RealIP is a middleware that sets a http.Request's RemoteAddr to the results of parsing either the X-Forwarded-For header or the X-Real-IP header (in that order).

This middleware should be inserted fairly early in the middleware stack to ensure that subsequent layers (e.g., request loggers) which examine the RemoteAddr will see the intended value.

You should only use this middleware if you can trust the headers passed to you (in particular, the two headers this middleware uses), for example because you have placed a reverse proxy like HAProxy or nginx in front of chi. If your reverse proxies are configured to pass along arbitrary header values from the client, or if you use this middleware without a reverse proxy, malicious clients will be able to make you very sad (or, depending on how you're using RemoteAddr, vulnerable to an attack of some sort).

func Recoverer

func Recoverer(next http.Handler) http.Handler

Recoverer is a middleware that recovers from panics, logs the panic (and a backtrace), and returns a HTTP 500 (Internal Server Error) status if possible. Recoverer prints a request ID if one is provided.

Alternatively, look at https://github.com/pressly/lg middleware pkgs.

func RedirectSlashes

func RedirectSlashes(next http.Handler) http.Handler

RedirectSlashes is a middleware that will match request paths with a trailing slash and redirect to the same path, less the trailing slash.

NOTE: RedirectSlashes middleware is *incompatible* with http.FileServer, see https://github.com/go-chi/chi/issues/343

func RequestID

func RequestID(next http.Handler) http.Handler

RequestID is a middleware that injects a request ID into the context of each request. A request ID is a string of the form "host.example.com/random-0001", where "random" is a base62 random string that uniquely identifies this go process, and where the last number is an atomically incremented request counter.

func RequestLogger

func RequestLogger(f LogFormatter) func(next http.Handler) http.Handler

RequestLogger returns a logger handler using a custom LogFormatter.

func SetHeader

func SetHeader(key, value string) func(next http.Handler) http.Handler

SetHeader is a convenience handler to set a response header key/value

func StripSlashes

func StripSlashes(next http.Handler) http.Handler

StripSlashes is a middleware that will match request paths with a trailing slash, strip it from the path and continue routing through the mux, if a route matches, then it will serve the handler.

func Throttle

func Throttle(limit int) func(http.Handler) http.Handler

Throttle is a middleware that limits number of currently processed requests at a time across all users. Note: Throttle is not a rate-limiter per user, instead it just puts a ceiling on the number of currentl in-flight requests being processed from the point from where the Throttle middleware is mounted.

func ThrottleBacklog

func ThrottleBacklog(limit int, backlogLimit int, backlogTimeout time.Duration) func(http.Handler) http.Handler

ThrottleBacklog is a middleware that limits number of currently processed requests at a time and provides a backlog for holding a finite number of pending requests.

func ThrottleWithOpts

func ThrottleWithOpts(opts ThrottleOpts) func(http.Handler) http.Handler

ThrottleWithOpts is a middleware that limits number of currently processed requests using passed ThrottleOpts.

func Timeout

func Timeout(timeout time.Duration) func(next http.Handler) http.Handler

Timeout is a middleware that cancels ctx after a given timeout and return a 504 Gateway Timeout error to the client.

It's required that you select the ctx.Done() channel to check for the signal if the context has reached its deadline and return, otherwise the timeout signal will be just ignored.

ie. a route/handler may look like:

 r.Get("/long", func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
	 ctx := r.Context()
	 processTime := time.Duration(rand.Intn(4)+1) * time.Second

	 select {
	 case <-ctx.Done():
	 	return

	 case <-time.After(processTime):
	 	 // The above channel simulates some hard work.
	 }

	 w.Write([]byte("done"))
 })

func URLFormat

func URLFormat(next http.Handler) http.Handler

URLFormat is a middleware that parses the url extension from a request path and stores it on the context as a string under the key `middleware.URLFormatCtxKey`. The middleware will trim the suffix from the routing path and continue routing.

Routers should not include a url parameter for the suffix when using this middleware.

Sample usage.. for url paths: `/articles/1`, `/articles/1.json` and `/articles/1.xml`

 func routes() http.Handler {
   r := chi.NewRouter()
   r.Use(middleware.URLFormat)

   r.Get("/articles/{id}", ListArticles)

   return r
 }

 func ListArticles(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
	  urlFormat, _ := r.Context().Value(middleware.URLFormatCtxKey).(string)

	  switch urlFormat {
	  case "json":
	  	render.JSON(w, r, articles)
	  case "xml:"
	  	render.XML(w, r, articles)
	  default:
	  	render.JSON(w, r, articles)
	  }

}

func WithLogEntry

func WithLogEntry(r *http.Request, entry LogEntry) *http.Request

WithLogEntry sets the in-context LogEntry for a request.

func WithValue

func WithValue(key interface{}, val interface{}) func(next http.Handler) http.Handler

WithValue is a middleware that sets a given key/value in a context chain.

Types

type Compressor

type Compressor struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Compressor represents a set of encoding configurations.

func NewCompressor

func NewCompressor(level int, types ...string) *Compressor

NewCompressor creates a new Compressor that will handle encoding responses.

The level should be one of the ones defined in the flate package. The types are the content types that are allowed to be compressed.

func (*Compressor) Handler

func (c *Compressor) Handler(next http.Handler) http.Handler

Handler returns a new middleware that will compress the response based on the current Compressor.

func (*Compressor) SetEncoder

func (c *Compressor) SetEncoder(encoding string, fn EncoderFunc)

SetEncoder can be used to set the implementation of a compression algorithm.

The encoding should be a standardised identifier. See: https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTTP/Headers/Accept-Encoding

For example, add the Brotli algortithm:

import brotli_enc "gopkg.in/kothar/brotli-go.v0/enc"

compressor := middleware.NewCompressor(5, "text/html")
compressor.SetEncoder("br", func(w http.ResponseWriter, level int) io.Writer {
  params := brotli_enc.NewBrotliParams()
  params.SetQuality(level)
  return brotli_enc.NewBrotliWriter(params, w)
})

type DefaultLogFormatter

type DefaultLogFormatter struct {
	Logger  LoggerInterface
	NoColor bool
}

DefaultLogFormatter is a simple logger that implements a LogFormatter.

func (*DefaultLogFormatter) NewLogEntry

func (l *DefaultLogFormatter) NewLogEntry(r *http.Request) LogEntry

NewLogEntry creates a new LogEntry for the request.

type EncoderFunc

type EncoderFunc func(w io.Writer, level int) io.Writer

An EncoderFunc is a function that wraps the provided io.Writer with a streaming compression algorithm and returns it.

In case of failure, the function should return nil.

type HeaderRoute

type HeaderRoute struct {
	MatchAny   []Pattern
	MatchOne   Pattern
	Middleware func(next http.Handler) http.Handler
}

func (HeaderRoute) IsMatch

func (r HeaderRoute) IsMatch(value string) bool

type HeaderRouter

type HeaderRouter map[string][]HeaderRoute

func RouteHeaders

func RouteHeaders() HeaderRouter

RouteHeaders is a neat little header-based router that allows you to direct the flow of a request through a middleware stack based on a request header.

For example, lets say you'd like to setup multiple routers depending on the request Host header, you could then do something as so:

r := chi.NewRouter() rSubdomain := chi.NewRouter()

r.Use(middleware.RouteHeaders().

Route("Host", "example.com", middleware.New(r)).
Route("Host", "*.example.com", middleware.New(rSubdomain)).
Handler)

r.Get("/", h) rSubdomain.Get("/", h2)

Another example, imagine you want to setup multiple CORS handlers, where for your origin servers you allow authorized requests, but for third-party public requests, authorization is disabled.

r := chi.NewRouter()

r.Use(middleware.RouteHeaders().

  Route("Origin", "https://app.skyweaver.net", cors.Handler(cors.Options{
	   AllowedOrigins:   []string{"https://api.skyweaver.net"},
	   AllowedMethods:   []string{"GET", "POST", "PUT", "DELETE", "OPTIONS"},
	   AllowedHeaders:   []string{"Accept", "Authorization", "Content-Type"},
	   AllowCredentials: true, // <----------<<< allow credentials
  })).
  Route("Origin", "*", cors.Handler(cors.Options{
	   AllowedOrigins:   []string{"*"},
	   AllowedMethods:   []string{"GET", "POST", "PUT", "DELETE", "OPTIONS"},
	   AllowedHeaders:   []string{"Accept", "Content-Type"},
	   AllowCredentials: false, // <----------<<< do not allow credentials
  })).
  Handler)

func (HeaderRouter) Handler

func (hr HeaderRouter) Handler(next http.Handler) http.Handler

func (HeaderRouter) Route

func (hr HeaderRouter) Route(header string, match string, middlewareHandler func(next http.Handler) http.Handler) HeaderRouter

func (HeaderRouter) RouteAny

func (hr HeaderRouter) RouteAny(header string, match []string, middlewareHandler func(next http.Handler) http.Handler) HeaderRouter

func (HeaderRouter) RouteDefault

func (hr HeaderRouter) RouteDefault(handler func(next http.Handler) http.Handler) HeaderRouter

type LogEntry

type LogEntry interface {
	Write(status, bytes int, header http.Header, elapsed time.Duration, extra interface{})
	Panic(v interface{}, stack []byte)
}

LogEntry records the final log when a request completes. See defaultLogEntry for an example implementation.

func GetLogEntry

func GetLogEntry(r *http.Request) LogEntry

GetLogEntry returns the in-context LogEntry for a request.

type LogFormatter

type LogFormatter interface {
	NewLogEntry(r *http.Request) LogEntry
}

LogFormatter initiates the beginning of a new LogEntry per request. See DefaultLogFormatter for an example implementation.

type LoggerInterface

type LoggerInterface interface {
	Print(v ...interface{})
}

LoggerInterface accepts printing to stdlib logger or compatible logger.

type Pattern

type Pattern struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

func NewPattern

func NewPattern(value string) Pattern

func (Pattern) Match

func (p Pattern) Match(v string) bool

type ThrottleOpts

type ThrottleOpts struct {
	Limit          int
	BacklogLimit   int
	BacklogTimeout time.Duration
	RetryAfterFn   func(ctxDone bool) time.Duration
}

ThrottleOpts represents a set of throttling options.

type WrapResponseWriter

type WrapResponseWriter interface {
	http.ResponseWriter
	// Status returns the HTTP status of the request, or 0 if one has not
	// yet been sent.
	Status() int
	// BytesWritten returns the total number of bytes sent to the client.
	BytesWritten() int
	// Tee causes the response body to be written to the given io.Writer in
	// addition to proxying the writes through. Only one io.Writer can be
	// tee'd to at once: setting a second one will overwrite the first.
	// Writes will be sent to the proxy before being written to this
	// io.Writer. It is illegal for the tee'd writer to be modified
	// concurrently with writes.
	Tee(io.Writer)
	// Unwrap returns the original proxied target.
	Unwrap() http.ResponseWriter
}

WrapResponseWriter is a proxy around an http.ResponseWriter that allows you to hook into various parts of the response process.

func NewWrapResponseWriter

func NewWrapResponseWriter(w http.ResponseWriter, protoMajor int) WrapResponseWriter

NewWrapResponseWriter wraps an http.ResponseWriter, returning a proxy that allows you to hook into various parts of the response process.