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Published: Sep 23, 2015 License: BSD-3-Clause, MIT Imports: 14 Imported by: 5


OAuth2 for Go

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oauth2 package contains a client implementation for OAuth 2.0 spec.


go get golang.org/x/oauth2

See godoc for further documentation and examples.



Package oauth2 provides support for making OAuth2 authorized and authenticated HTTP requests. It can additionally grant authorization with Bearer JWT.




This section is empty.


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var HTTPClient contextKey

HTTPClient is the context key to use with golang.org/x/net/context's WithValue function to associate an *http.Client value with a context.


func NewClient

func NewClient(ctx Context, src TokenSource) *http.Client

NewClient creates an *http.Client from a Context and TokenSource. The returned client is not valid beyond the lifetime of the context.

As a special case, if src is nil, a non-OAuth2 client is returned using the provided context. This exists to support related OAuth2 packages.


type AuthCodeOption

type AuthCodeOption interface {
	// contains filtered or unexported methods

An AuthCodeOption is passed to Config.AuthCodeURL.

var (
	// AccessTypeOnline and AccessTypeOffline are options passed
	// to the Options.AuthCodeURL method. They modify the
	// "access_type" field that gets sent in the URL returned by
	// AuthCodeURL.
	// Online (the default if neither is specified) is the default.
	// If your application needs to refresh access tokens when the
	// user is not present at the browser, then use offline. This
	// will result in your application obtaining a refresh token
	// the first time your application exchanges an authorization
	// code for a user.
	AccessTypeOnline  AuthCodeOption = setParam{"access_type", "online"}
	AccessTypeOffline AuthCodeOption = setParam{"access_type", "offline"}

	// ApprovalForce forces the users to view the consent dialog
	// and confirm the permissions request at the URL returned
	// from AuthCodeURL, even if they've already done so.
	ApprovalForce AuthCodeOption = setParam{"approval_prompt", "force"}

type Config

type Config struct {
	// ClientID is the application's ID.
	ClientID string

	// ClientSecret is the application's secret.
	ClientSecret string

	// Endpoint contains the resource server's token endpoint
	// URLs. These are constants specific to each server and are
	// often available via site-specific packages, such as
	// google.Endpoint or github.Endpoint.
	Endpoint Endpoint

	// RedirectURL is the URL to redirect users going through
	// the OAuth flow, after the resource owner's URLs.
	RedirectURL string

	// Scope specifies optional requested permissions.
	Scopes []string

Config describes a typical 3-legged OAuth2 flow, with both the client application information and the server's endpoint URLs.

package main

import (


func main() {
	conf := &oauth2.Config{
		ClientID:     "YOUR_CLIENT_ID",
		ClientSecret: "YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET",
		Scopes:       []string{"SCOPE1", "SCOPE2"},
		Endpoint: oauth2.Endpoint{
			AuthURL:  "https://provider.com/o/oauth2/auth",
			TokenURL: "https://provider.com/o/oauth2/token",

	// Redirect user to consent page to ask for permission
	// for the scopes specified above.
	url := conf.AuthCodeURL("state", oauth2.AccessTypeOffline)
	fmt.Printf("Visit the URL for the auth dialog: %v", url)

	// Use the authorization code that is pushed to the redirect URL.
	// NewTransportWithCode will do the handshake to retrieve
	// an access token and initiate a Transport that is
	// authorized and authenticated by the retrieved token.
	var code string
	if _, err := fmt.Scan(&code); err != nil {
	tok, err := conf.Exchange(oauth2.NoContext, code)
	if err != nil {

	client := conf.Client(oauth2.NoContext, tok)

func (*Config) AuthCodeURL

func (c *Config) AuthCodeURL(state string, opts ...AuthCodeOption) string

AuthCodeURL returns a URL to OAuth 2.0 provider's consent page that asks for permissions for the required scopes explicitly.

State is a token to protect the user from CSRF attacks. You must always provide a non-zero string and validate that it matches the the state query parameter on your redirect callback. See http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6749#section-10.12 for more info.

Opts may include AccessTypeOnline or AccessTypeOffline, as well as ApprovalForce.

func (*Config) Client

func (c *Config) Client(ctx Context, t *Token) *http.Client

Client returns an HTTP client using the provided token. The token will auto-refresh as necessary. The underlying HTTP transport will be obtained using the provided context. The returned client and its Transport should not be modified.

func (*Config) Exchange

func (c *Config) Exchange(ctx Context, code string) (*Token, error)

Exchange converts an authorization code into a token.

It is used after a resource provider redirects the user back to the Redirect URI (the URL obtained from AuthCodeURL).

The HTTP client to use is derived from the context. If nil, http.DefaultClient is used. See the Context type's documentation.

The code will be in the *http.Request.FormValue("code"). Before calling Exchange, be sure to validate FormValue("state").

func (*Config) TokenSource

func (c *Config) TokenSource(ctx Context, t *Token) TokenSource

TokenSource returns a TokenSource that returns t until t expires, automatically refreshing it as necessary using the provided context. See the the Context documentation.

Most users will use Config.Client instead.

type Context

type Context interface{}

Context can be an golang.org/x/net.Context, or an App Engine Context. If you don't care and aren't running on App Engine, you may use NoContext.

var NoContext Context = nil

NoContext is the default context. If you're not running this code on App Engine or not using golang.org/x/net.Context to provide a custom HTTP client, you should use NoContext.

type Endpoint

type Endpoint struct {
	AuthURL  string
	TokenURL string

Endpoint contains the OAuth 2.0 provider's authorization and token endpoint URLs.

type Token

type Token struct {
	// AccessToken is the token that authorizes and authenticates
	// the requests.
	AccessToken string `json:"access_token"`

	// TokenType is the type of token.
	// The Type method returns either this or "Bearer", the default.
	TokenType string `json:"token_type,omitempty"`

	// RefreshToken is a token that's used by the application
	// (as opposed to the user) to refresh the access token
	// if it expires.
	RefreshToken string `json:"refresh_token,omitempty"`

	// Expiry is the optional expiration time of the access token.
	// If zero, TokenSource implementations will reuse the same
	// token forever and RefreshToken or equivalent
	// mechanisms for that TokenSource will not be used.
	Expiry time.Time `json:"expiry,omitempty"`
	// contains filtered or unexported fields

Token represents the crendentials used to authorize the requests to access protected resources on the OAuth 2.0 provider's backend.

Most users of this package should not access fields of Token directly. They're exported mostly for use by related packages implementing derivative OAuth2 flows.

func (*Token) Extra

func (t *Token) Extra(key string) interface{}

Extra returns an extra field. Extra fields are key-value pairs returned by the server as a part of the token retrieval response.

func (*Token) SetAuthHeader

func (t *Token) SetAuthHeader(r *http.Request)

SetAuthHeader sets the Authorization header to r using the access token in t.

This method is unnecessary when using Transport or an HTTP Client returned by this package.

func (*Token) Type

func (t *Token) Type() string

Type returns t.TokenType if non-empty, else "Bearer".

func (*Token) Valid

func (t *Token) Valid() bool

Valid reports whether t is non-nil, has an AccessToken, and is not expired.

func (*Token) WithExtra

func (t *Token) WithExtra(extra interface{}) *Token

WithExtra returns a new Token that's a clone of t, but using the provided raw extra map. This is only intended for use by packages implementing derivative OAuth2 flows.

type TokenSource

type TokenSource interface {
	// Token returns a token or an error.
	// Token must be safe for concurrent use by multiple goroutines.
	// The returned Token must not be modified.
	Token() (*Token, error)

A TokenSource is anything that can return a token.

func ReuseTokenSource

func ReuseTokenSource(t *Token, src TokenSource) TokenSource

ReuseTokenSource returns a TokenSource which repeatedly returns the same token as long as it's valid, starting with t. When its cached token is invalid, a new token is obtained from src.

ReuseTokenSource is typically used to reuse tokens from a cache (such as a file on disk) between runs of a program, rather than obtaining new tokens unnecessarily.

The initial token t may be nil, in which case the TokenSource is wrapped in a caching version if it isn't one already. This also means it's always safe to wrap ReuseTokenSource around any other TokenSource without adverse effects.

type Transport

type Transport struct {
	// Source supplies the token to add to outgoing requests'
	// Authorization headers.
	Source TokenSource

	// Base is the base RoundTripper used to make HTTP requests.
	// If nil, http.DefaultTransport is used.
	Base http.RoundTripper
	// contains filtered or unexported fields

Transport is an http.RoundTripper that makes OAuth 2.0 HTTP requests, wrapping a base RoundTripper and adding an Authorization header with a token from the supplied Sources.

Transport is a low-level mechanism. Most code will use the higher-level Config.Client method instead.

func (*Transport) CancelRequest

func (t *Transport) CancelRequest(req *http.Request)

CancelRequest cancels an in-flight request by closing its connection.

func (*Transport) RoundTrip

func (t *Transport) RoundTrip(req *http.Request) (*http.Response, error)

RoundTrip authorizes and authenticates the request with an access token. If no token exists or token is expired, tries to refresh/fetch a new token.


Path Synopsis
Package github provides constants for using OAuth2 to access Github.
Package github provides constants for using OAuth2 to access Github.
Package google provides support for making OAuth2 authorized and authenticated HTTP requests to Google APIs.
Package google provides support for making OAuth2 authorized and authenticated HTTP requests to Google APIs.
Package jws provides encoding and decoding utilities for signed JWS messages.
Package jws provides encoding and decoding utilities for signed JWS messages.
Package jwt implements the OAuth 2.0 JSON Web Token flow, commonly known as "two-legged OAuth 2.0".
Package jwt implements the OAuth 2.0 JSON Web Token flow, commonly known as "two-legged OAuth 2.0".
Package internal contains support packages for oauth2 package.
Package internal contains support packages for oauth2 package.

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