templatecheck

package module
Version: v0.6.0 Latest Latest
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Published: Apr 27, 2021 License: MIT Imports: 7 Imported by: 0

README

templatecheck

Check Go templates for validity.

t := template.Must(template.ParseFiles("index.tmpl"))
if err := templatecheck.CheckHTML(t, homePage{}); err != nil {
    log.Fatal(err)
}

See the package documentation for details.

Documentation

Overview

Package templatecheck checks Go templates for problems. It can detect many errors that are normally caught only during execution. Use templatecheck in tests to find template errors early, and along template execution paths that might only rarely be reached.

A template must be invoked with the same Go type each time to use templatecheck. Passing that type to templatecheck gives it enough information to verify that all the field references in the template are valid. templatecheck can also verify that functions are called with the right number and types of arguments, that the argument to a range statement can actually be ranged over, and a few other things.

Consider a web server that parses a template for its home page:

import "html/template"

var tmpl = template.Must(template.ParseFiles("index.tmpl"))

type homePage struct { ... }

func handler(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
    ...
    var buf bytes.Buffer
    err := tmpl.Execute(&buf, homePage{...})
    ...
}

Use templatecheck to catch errors in tests, instead of during serving:

func TestTemplates(t *testing.T) {
    if err := templatecheck.CheckHTML(tmpl, homePage{}); err != nil {
        t.Fatal(err)
    }
}

Checking Associated Templates

To check associated templates, use Template.Lookup. This can be necessary if full type information isn't available to the main template.

For example, here the base template is always invoked with a basePage, but the type of its Details field differs depending on the value of IsTop.

type basePage struct {
    IsTop bool
    Details interface{}
}

type topDetails ...
type bottomDetails ...

The template text is

{{if .IsTop}}
  {{template "top" .Details}}
{{else}}
  {{template "bottom" .Details}}
{{end}}

{{define "top"}}...{{end}}
{{define "bottom"}}...{{end}}

Checking only the main template will not provide much information about the two associated templates, because their data types are unknown. All three templates should be checked, like so:

t := template.Must(template.New("").Parse(base))
if err := templatecheck.CheckText(t, basePage{}) ...
if err := templatecheck.CheckText(t.Lookup("top"), topDetails{}) ...
if err := templatecheck.CheckText(t.Lookup("bottom"), bottomDetails{}) ...
Example
package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"text/template"

	"github.com/jba/templatecheck"
)

func main() {
	type data struct {
		Greeting string
		Name     string
	}

	const contents = `{{.Greetings}}, {{.Name}} and welcome!`

	t := template.Must(template.New("greet").Parse(contents))
	err := templatecheck.CheckText(t, data{})
	fmt.Println(err)

}
Output:

template: greet:1:2: checking "greet" at <.Greetings>: can't use field Greetings in type templatecheck_test.data

Index

Examples

Constants

This section is empty.

Variables

This section is empty.

Functions

func CheckHTML

func CheckHTML(t *htmpl.Template, typeValue interface{}) error

CheckHTML checks an html/template for problems. The second argument is the type of dot passed to template.Execute.

CheckHTML assumes that the "missingkey" option for the template is "zero", meaning that a missing key in a map returns the zero value for the map's element type. This is not the default value for "missingkey", but it allows more checks.

func CheckSafe

func CheckSafe(t *stmpl.Template, typeValue interface{}) error

CheckSafe checks a github.com/google/safehtml/template for problems. See CheckHTML for details.

func CheckText

func CheckText(t *ttmpl.Template, typeValue interface{}) error

CheckText checks a text/template for problems. See CheckHTML for details.

Types

This section is empty.

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