gotty

command module
Version: v0.0.10 Latest Latest
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Published: Sep 3, 2015 License: BSD-2-Clause, BSD-3-Clause, CC0-1.0, MIT, MPL-2.0 Imports: 10 Imported by: 0

README

GoTTY - Share your terminal as a web application

GitHub release Wercker MIT License

GoTTY is a simple command line tool that turns your CLI tools into web applications.

Screenshot

Installation

Download the latest binary file from the Releases page.

(darwin_amd64.tar.gz is for Mac OS X users)

Homebrew Installation

You can install GoTTY with Homebrew as well.

$ brew tap yudai/gotty
$ brew install gotty

go get Installation

If you have a Go language environment, you can install GoTTY with the go get command.

$ go get github.com/yudai/gotty

Usage

Usage: gotty [options] <command> [<arguments...>]

Run gotty with your preferred command as its arguments (e.g. gotty top).

By default, GoTTY starts a web server at port 8080. Open the URL on your web browser and you can see the running command as if it were running on your terminal.

Options

--address, -a                                                IP address to listen [$GOTTY_ADDRESS]
--port, -p "8080"                                            Port number to listen [$GOTTY_PORT]
--permit-write, -w                                           Permit clients to write to the TTY (BE CAREFUL) [$GOTTY_PERMIT_WRITE]
--credential, -c                                             Credential for Basic Authentication (ex: user:pass, default disabled) [$GOTTY_CREDENTIAL]
--random-url, -r                                             Add a random string to the URL [$GOTTY_RANDOM_URL]
--random-url-length "8"                                      Random URL length [$GOTTY_RANDOM_URL_LENGTH]
--tls, -t                                                    Enable TLS/SSL [$GOTTY_TLS]
--tls-crt "~/.gotty.key"                                     TLS/SSL crt file path [$GOTTY_TLS_CRT]
--tls-key "~/.gotty.crt"                                     TLS/SSL key file path [$GOTTY_TLS_KEY]
--index                                                      Custom index file [$GOTTY_INDEX]
--title-format "GoTTY - {{ .Command }} ({{ .Hostname }})"    Title format of browser window [$GOTTY_TITLE_FORMAT]
--reconnect                                                  Enable reconnection [$GOTTY_RECONNECT]
--reconnect-time "10"                                        Time to reconnect [$GOTTY_RECONNECT_TIME]
--once                                                       Accept only one client and exit on disconnection [$GOTTY_ONCE]
--config "~/.gotty"                                          Config file path [$GOTTY_CONFIG]
--version, -v                                                print the version

Config File

You can customize default options and your terminal (hterm) by providing a config file to the gotty command. GoTTY loads a profile file at ~/.gotty by default when it exists.

// Listen at port 9000 by default
port = "9000"

// Enable TSL/SSL by default
enable_tls = true

// hterm preferences
// Smaller font and a little bit bluer background color
preferences {
    font_size = 5,
    background_color = "rgb(16, 16, 32)"
}

See the .gotty file in this repository for the list of configuration options.

Security Options

By default, GoTTY doesn't allow clients to send any keystrokes or commands except terminal window resizing. When you want to permit clients to write input to the TTY, add the -w option. However, accepting input from remote clients is dangerous for most commands. When you need interaction with the TTY for some reasons, consider starting GoTTY with tmux or GNU Screen and run your command on it (see "Sharing with Multiple Clients" section for detail).

To restrict client access, you can use the -c option to enable the basic authentication. With this option, clients need to input the specified username and password to connect to the GoTTY server. The -r option is a little bit casualer way to restrict access. With this option, GoTTY generates a random URL so that only people who know the URL can get access to the server. Note that the credentical will be transmitted between the server and clients in plain text.

All traffic between the server and clients are NOT encrypted by default. When you send secret information through GoTTY, we strongly recommend you use the -t option which enables TLS/SSL on the session. By default, GoTTY loads the crt and key files placed at ~/.gotty.crt and ~/.gotty.key. You can overwrite these file paths with the --tls-crt and --tls-key options. When you need to generate a self-signed certification file, you can use the openssl command.

openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 9999 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout ~/.gotty.key -out ~/.gotty.crt

(NOTE: For Safari uses, see how to enable self-signed certificates for WebSockets when use self-signed certificates)

Sharing with Multiple Clients

GoTTY starts a new process with the given command when a new client connects to the server. This means users cannot share a single terminal with others by default. However, you can use terminal multiplexers for sharing a single process with multiple clients.

For example, you can start a new tmux session named gotty with top command by the command below.

$ gotty tmux new -A -s gotty top

This command doesn't allow clients to send keystrokes, however, you can attach the session from your local terminal and run operations like switching the mode of the top command. To connect to the tmux session from your terminal, you can use following command.

$ tmux new -A -s gotty

By using terminal multiplexers, you can have the control of your terminal and allow clients to just see your screen.

Quick Sharing on tmux

To share your current session with others by a shortcut key, you can add a line like below to your .tmux.conf.

# Start GoTTY in a new window with C-t
bind-key C-t new-window "gotty tmux attach -t `tmux display -p '#S'`"

Playing with Docker

When you want to create a jailed environment for each client, you can use Docker containers like following:

$ gotty -w docker run -it --rm busybox

Development

You can build a binary using the following commands. Windows is not supported now.

# Install tools
go get github.com/jteeuwen/go-bindata/...
go get github.com/tools/godep

# Checkout hterm
git submodule sync && git submodule update --init --recursive

# Restore libraries in Godeps
godep restore

# Build
make

Architecture

GoTTY uses hterm to run a JavaScript based terminal on web browsers. GoTTY itself provides a websocket server that simply relays output from the TTY to clients and receives input from clients and forwards it to the TTY. This hterm + websocket idea is inspired by Wetty.

License

The MIT License

Documentation

The Go Gopher

There is no documentation for this package.

Directories

Path Synopsis
Godeps
_workspace/src/github.com/braintree/manners
Package manners provides a wrapper for a standard net/http server that ensures all active HTTP client have completed their current request before the server shuts down.
Package manners provides a wrapper for a standard net/http server that ensures all active HTTP client have completed their current request before the server shuts down.
_workspace/src/github.com/codegangsta/cli
Package cli provides a minimal framework for creating and organizing command line Go applications.
Package cli provides a minimal framework for creating and organizing command line Go applications.
_workspace/src/github.com/elazarl/go-bindata-assetfs
assetfs allows packages to serve static content embedded with the go-bindata tool with the standard net/http package.
assetfs allows packages to serve static content embedded with the go-bindata tool with the standard net/http package.
_workspace/src/github.com/fatih/structs
Package structs contains various utilities functions to work with structs.
Package structs contains various utilities functions to work with structs.
_workspace/src/github.com/gorilla/websocket
Package websocket implements the WebSocket protocol defined in RFC 6455.
Package websocket implements the WebSocket protocol defined in RFC 6455.
_workspace/src/github.com/gorilla/websocket/examples/autobahn
Command server is a test server for the Autobahn WebSockets Test Suite.
Command server is a test server for the Autobahn WebSockets Test Suite.
_workspace/src/github.com/hashicorp/hcl
hcl is a package for decoding HCL into usable Go structures.
hcl is a package for decoding HCL into usable Go structures.
_workspace/src/github.com/kr/pty
Package pty provides functions for working with Unix terminals.
Package pty provides functions for working with Unix terminals.

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