prometheus

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Version: v0.23.6 Latest Latest
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Published: Jun 24, 2016 License: Apache-2.0, Apache-2.0 Imports: 29 Imported by: 0

README

Overview

This is the Prometheus telemetric instrumentation client Go client library. It enable authors to define process-space metrics for their servers and expose them through a web service interface for extraction, aggregation, and a whole slew of other post processing techniques.

Installing

$ go get github.com/prometheus/client_golang/prometheus

Example

package main

import (
	"net/http"

	"github.com/prometheus/client_golang/prometheus"
)

var (
	indexed = prometheus.NewCounter(prometheus.CounterOpts{
		Namespace: "my_company",
		Subsystem: "indexer",
		Name:      "documents_indexed",
		Help:      "The number of documents indexed.",
	})
	size = prometheus.NewGauge(prometheus.GaugeOpts{
		Namespace: "my_company",
		Subsystem: "storage",
		Name:      "documents_total_size_bytes",
		Help:      "The total size of all documents in the storage.",
	})
)

func main() {
	http.Handle("/metrics", prometheus.Handler())

	indexed.Inc()
	size.Set(5)

	http.ListenAndServe(":8080", nil)
}

func init() {
	prometheus.MustRegister(indexed)
	prometheus.MustRegister(size)
}

Documentation

GoDoc

Documentation

Overview

Package prometheus provides embeddable metric primitives for servers and standardized exposition of telemetry through a web services interface.

All exported functions and methods are safe to be used concurrently unless specified otherwise.

To expose metrics registered with the Prometheus registry, an HTTP server needs to know about the Prometheus handler. The usual endpoint is "/metrics".

http.Handle("/metrics", prometheus.Handler())

As a starting point a very basic usage example:

package main

import (
	"net/http"

	"github.com/prometheus/client_golang/prometheus"
)

var (
	cpuTemp = prometheus.NewGauge(prometheus.GaugeOpts{
		Name: "cpu_temperature_celsius",
		Help: "Current temperature of the CPU.",
	})
	hdFailures = prometheus.NewCounter(prometheus.CounterOpts{
		Name: "hd_errors_total",
		Help: "Number of hard-disk errors.",
	})
)

func init() {
	prometheus.MustRegister(cpuTemp)
	prometheus.MustRegister(hdFailures)
}

func main() {
	cpuTemp.Set(65.3)
	hdFailures.Inc()

	http.Handle("/metrics", prometheus.Handler())
	http.ListenAndServe(":8080", nil)
}

This is a complete program that exports two metrics, a Gauge and a Counter. It also exports some stats about the HTTP usage of the /metrics endpoint. (See the Handler function for more detail.)

Two more advanced metric types are the Summary and Histogram.

In addition to the fundamental metric types Gauge, Counter, Summary, and Histogram, a very important part of the Prometheus data model is the partitioning of samples along dimensions called labels, which results in metric vectors. The fundamental types are GaugeVec, CounterVec, SummaryVec, and HistogramVec.

Those are all the parts needed for basic usage. Detailed documentation and examples are provided below.

Everything else this package offers is essentially for "power users" only. A few pointers to "power user features":

All the various ...Opts structs have a ConstLabels field for labels that never change their value (which is only useful under special circumstances, see documentation of the Opts type).

The Untyped metric behaves like a Gauge, but signals the Prometheus server not to assume anything about its type.

Functions to fine-tune how the metric registry works: EnableCollectChecks, PanicOnCollectError, Register, Unregister, SetMetricFamilyInjectionHook.

For custom metric collection, there are two entry points: Custom Metric implementations and custom Collector implementations. A Metric is the fundamental unit in the Prometheus data model: a sample at a point in time together with its meta-data (like its fully-qualified name and any number of pairs of label name and label value) that knows how to marshal itself into a data transfer object (aka DTO, implemented as a protocol buffer). A Collector gets registered with the Prometheus registry and manages the collection of one or more Metrics. Many parts of this package are building blocks for Metrics and Collectors. Desc is the metric descriptor, actually used by all metrics under the hood, and by Collectors to describe the Metrics to be collected, but only to be dealt with by users if they implement their own Metrics or Collectors. To create a Desc, the BuildFQName function will come in handy. Other useful components for Metric and Collector implementation include: LabelPairSorter to sort the DTO version of label pairs, NewConstMetric and MustNewConstMetric to create "throw away" Metrics at collection time, MetricVec to bundle custom Metrics into a metric vector Collector, SelfCollector to make a custom Metric collect itself.

A good example for a custom Collector is the ExpVarCollector included in this package, which exports variables exported via the "expvar" package as Prometheus metrics.

Index

Constants

View Source
const (
	// APIVersion is the version of the format of the exported data.  This
	// will match this library's version, which subscribes to the Semantic
	// Versioning scheme.
	APIVersion = "0.0.4"

	// DelimitedTelemetryContentType is the content type set on telemetry
	// data responses in delimited protobuf format.
	DelimitedTelemetryContentType = `application/vnd.google.protobuf; proto=io.prometheus.client.MetricFamily; encoding=delimited`
	// TextTelemetryContentType is the content type set on telemetry data
	// responses in text format.
	TextTelemetryContentType = `text/plain; version=` + APIVersion
	// ProtoTextTelemetryContentType is the content type set on telemetry
	// data responses in protobuf text format.  (Only used for debugging.)
	ProtoTextTelemetryContentType = `application/vnd.google.protobuf; proto=io.prometheus.client.MetricFamily; encoding=text`
	// ProtoCompactTextTelemetryContentType is the content type set on
	// telemetry data responses in protobuf compact text format.  (Only used
	// for debugging.)
	ProtoCompactTextTelemetryContentType = `application/vnd.google.protobuf; proto=io.prometheus.client.MetricFamily; encoding=compact-text`
)

Constants relevant to the HTTP interface.

View Source
const (
	// DefMaxAge is the default duration for which observations stay
	// relevant.
	DefMaxAge time.Duration = 10 * time.Minute
	// DefAgeBuckets is the default number of buckets used to calculate the
	// age of observations.
	DefAgeBuckets = 5
	// DefBufCap is the standard buffer size for collecting Summary observations.
	DefBufCap = 500
)

Default values for SummaryOpts.

Variables

View Source
var (
	// DefBuckets are the default Histogram buckets. The default buckets are
	// tailored to broadly measure the response time (in seconds) of a
	// network service. Most likely, however, you will be required to define
	// buckets customized to your use case.
	DefBuckets = []float64{.005, .01, .025, .05, .1, .25, .5, 1, 2.5, 5, 10}
)
View Source
var (
	// DefObjectives are the default Summary quantile values.
	DefObjectives = map[float64]float64{0.5: 0.05, 0.9: 0.01, 0.99: 0.001}
)

Functions

func BuildFQName

func BuildFQName(namespace, subsystem, name string) string

BuildFQName joins the given three name components by "_". Empty name components are ignored. If the name parameter itself is empty, an empty string is returned, no matter what. Metric implementations included in this library use this function internally to generate the fully-qualified metric name from the name component in their Opts. Users of the library will only need this function if they implement their own Metric or instantiate a Desc (with NewDesc) directly.

func EnableCollectChecks

func EnableCollectChecks(b bool)

EnableCollectChecks enables (or disables) additional consistency checks during metrics collection. These additional checks are not enabled by default because they inflict a performance penalty and the errors they check for can only happen if the used Metric and Collector types have internal programming errors. It can be helpful to enable these checks while working with custom Collectors or Metrics whose correctness is not well established yet.

func ExponentialBuckets

func ExponentialBuckets(start, factor float64, count int) []float64

ExponentialBuckets creates 'count' buckets, where the lowest bucket has an upper bound of 'start' and each following bucket's upper bound is 'factor' times the previous bucket's upper bound. The final +Inf bucket is not counted and not included in the returned slice. The returned slice is meant to be used for the Buckets field of HistogramOpts.

The function panics if 'count' is 0 or negative, if 'start' is 0 or negative, or if 'factor' is less than or equal 1.

func Handler

func Handler() http.Handler

Handler returns the HTTP handler for the global Prometheus registry. It is already instrumented with InstrumentHandler (using "prometheus" as handler name). Usually the handler is used to handle the "/metrics" endpoint.

func InstrumentHandler

func InstrumentHandler(handlerName string, handler http.Handler) http.HandlerFunc

InstrumentHandler wraps the given HTTP handler for instrumentation. It registers four metric collectors (if not already done) and reports HTTP metrics to the (newly or already) registered collectors: http_requests_total (CounterVec), http_request_duration_microseconds (Summary), http_request_size_bytes (Summary), http_response_size_bytes (Summary). Each has a constant label named "handler" with the provided handlerName as value. http_requests_total is a metric vector partitioned by HTTP method (label name "method") and HTTP status code (label name "code").

func InstrumentHandlerFunc

func InstrumentHandlerFunc(handlerName string, handlerFunc func(http.ResponseWriter, *http.Request)) http.HandlerFunc

InstrumentHandlerFunc wraps the given function for instrumentation. It otherwise works in the same way as InstrumentHandler.

func InstrumentHandlerFuncWithOpts

func InstrumentHandlerFuncWithOpts(opts SummaryOpts, handlerFunc func(http.ResponseWriter, *http.Request)) http.HandlerFunc

InstrumentHandlerFuncWithOpts works like InstrumentHandlerFunc but provides more flexibility (at the cost of a more complex call syntax). See InstrumentHandlerWithOpts for details how the provided SummaryOpts are used.

func InstrumentHandlerWithOpts

func InstrumentHandlerWithOpts(opts SummaryOpts, handler http.Handler) http.HandlerFunc

InstrumentHandlerWithOpts works like InstrumentHandler but provides more flexibility (at the cost of a more complex call syntax). As InstrumentHandler, this function registers four metric collectors, but it uses the provided SummaryOpts to create them. However, the fields "Name" and "Help" in the SummaryOpts are ignored. "Name" is replaced by "requests_total", "request_duration_microseconds", "request_size_bytes", and "response_size_bytes", respectively. "Help" is replaced by an appropriate help string. The names of the variable labels of the http_requests_total CounterVec are "method" (get, post, etc.), and "code" (HTTP status code).

If InstrumentHandlerWithOpts is called as follows, it mimics exactly the behavior of InstrumentHandler:

prometheus.InstrumentHandlerWithOpts(
    prometheus.SummaryOpts{
         Subsystem:   "http",
         ConstLabels: prometheus.Labels{"handler": handlerName},
    },
    handler,
)

Technical detail: "requests_total" is a CounterVec, not a SummaryVec, so it cannot use SummaryOpts. Instead, a CounterOpts struct is created internally, and all its fields are set to the equally named fields in the provided SummaryOpts.

func LinearBuckets

func LinearBuckets(start, width float64, count int) []float64

LinearBuckets creates 'count' buckets, each 'width' wide, where the lowest bucket has an upper bound of 'start'. The final +Inf bucket is not counted and not included in the returned slice. The returned slice is meant to be used for the Buckets field of HistogramOpts.

The function panics if 'count' is zero or negative.

func MustRegister

func MustRegister(m Collector)

MustRegister works like Register but panics where Register would have returned an error.

func NewGoCollector

func NewGoCollector() *goCollector

NewGoCollector returns a collector which exports metrics about the current go process.

func NewProcessCollector

func NewProcessCollector(pid int, namespace string) *processCollector

NewProcessCollector returns a collector which exports the current state of process metrics including cpu, memory and file descriptor usage as well as the process start time for the given process id under the given namespace.

func NewProcessCollectorPIDFn

func NewProcessCollectorPIDFn(
	pidFn func() (int, error),
	namespace string,
) *processCollector

NewProcessCollectorPIDFn returns a collector which exports the current state of process metrics including cpu, memory and file descriptor usage as well as the process start time under the given namespace. The given pidFn is called on each collect and is used to determine the process to export metrics for.

func PanicOnCollectError

func PanicOnCollectError(b bool)

PanicOnCollectError sets the behavior whether a panic is caused upon an error while metrics are collected and served to the HTTP endpoint. By default, an internal server error (status code 500) is served with an error message.

func Push

func Push(job, instance, url string) error

Push triggers a metric collection by the default registry and pushes all collected metrics to the Pushgateway specified by addr. See the Pushgateway documentation for detailed implications of the job and instance parameter. instance can be left empty. You can use just host:port or ip:port as url, in which case 'http://' is added automatically. You can also include the schema in the URL. However, do not include the '/metrics/jobs/...' part.

Note that all previously pushed metrics with the same job and instance will be replaced with the metrics pushed by this call. (It uses HTTP method 'PUT' to push to the Pushgateway.)

func PushAdd

func PushAdd(job, instance, url string) error

PushAdd works like Push, but only previously pushed metrics with the same name (and the same job and instance) will be replaced. (It uses HTTP method 'POST' to push to the Pushgateway.)

func PushAddCollectors

func PushAddCollectors(job, instance, url string, collectors ...Collector) error

PushAddCollectors works like PushAdd, but it does not collect from the default registry. Instead, it collects from the provided collectors. It is a convenient way to push only a few metrics.

func PushCollectors

func PushCollectors(job, instance, url string, collectors ...Collector) error

PushCollectors works like Push, but it does not collect from the default registry. Instead, it collects from the provided collectors. It is a convenient way to push only a few metrics.

func Register

func Register(m Collector) error

Register registers a new Collector to be included in metrics collection. It returns an error if the descriptors provided by the Collector are invalid or if they - in combination with descriptors of already registered Collectors - do not fulfill the consistency and uniqueness criteria described in the Desc documentation.

Do not register the same Collector multiple times concurrently. (Registering the same Collector twice would result in an error anyway, but on top of that, it is not safe to do so concurrently.)

func SetMetricFamilyInjectionHook

func SetMetricFamilyInjectionHook(hook func() []*dto.MetricFamily)

SetMetricFamilyInjectionHook sets a function that is called whenever metrics are collected. The hook function must be set before metrics collection begins (i.e. call SetMetricFamilyInjectionHook before setting the HTTP handler.) The MetricFamily protobufs returned by the hook function are merged with the metrics collected in the usual way.

This is a way to directly inject MetricFamily protobufs managed and owned by the caller. The caller has full responsibility. As no registration of the injected metrics has happened, there is no descriptor to check against, and there are no registration-time checks. If collect-time checks are disabled (see function EnableCollectChecks), no sanity checks are performed on the returned protobufs at all. If collect-checks are enabled, type and uniqueness checks are performed, but no further consistency checks (which would require knowledge of a metric descriptor).

Sorting concerns: The caller is responsible for sorting the label pairs in each metric. However, the order of metrics will be sorted by the registry as it is required anyway after merging with the metric families collected conventionally.

The function must be callable at any time and concurrently.

func UninstrumentedHandler

func UninstrumentedHandler() http.Handler

UninstrumentedHandler works in the same way as Handler, but the returned HTTP handler is not instrumented. This is useful if no instrumentation is desired (for whatever reason) or if the instrumentation has to happen with a different handler name (or with a different instrumentation approach altogether). See the InstrumentHandler example.

func Unregister

func Unregister(c Collector) bool

Unregister unregisters the Collector that equals the Collector passed in as an argument. (Two Collectors are considered equal if their Describe method yields the same set of descriptors.) The function returns whether a Collector was unregistered.

Types

type Collector

type Collector interface {
	// Describe sends the super-set of all possible descriptors of metrics
	// collected by this Collector to the provided channel and returns once
	// the last descriptor has been sent. The sent descriptors fulfill the
	// consistency and uniqueness requirements described in the Desc
	// documentation. (It is valid if one and the same Collector sends
	// duplicate descriptors. Those duplicates are simply ignored. However,
	// two different Collectors must not send duplicate descriptors.) This
	// method idempotently sends the same descriptors throughout the
	// lifetime of the Collector. If a Collector encounters an error while
	// executing this method, it must send an invalid descriptor (created
	// with NewInvalidDesc) to signal the error to the registry.
	Describe(chan<- *Desc)
	// Collect is called by Prometheus when collecting metrics. The
	// implementation sends each collected metric via the provided channel
	// and returns once the last metric has been sent. The descriptor of
	// each sent metric is one of those returned by Describe. Returned
	// metrics that share the same descriptor must differ in their variable
	// label values. This method may be called concurrently and must
	// therefore be implemented in a concurrency safe way. Blocking occurs
	// at the expense of total performance of rendering all registered
	// metrics. Ideally, Collector implementations support concurrent
	// readers.
	Collect(chan<- Metric)
}

Collector is the interface implemented by anything that can be used by Prometheus to collect metrics. A Collector has to be registered for collection. See Register, MustRegister, RegisterOrGet, and MustRegisterOrGet.

The stock metrics provided by this package (like Gauge, Counter, Summary) are also Collectors (which only ever collect one metric, namely itself). An implementer of Collector may, however, collect multiple metrics in a coordinated fashion and/or create metrics on the fly. Examples for collectors already implemented in this library are the metric vectors (i.e. collection of multiple instances of the same Metric but with different label values) like GaugeVec or SummaryVec, and the ExpvarCollector.

func MustRegisterOrGet

func MustRegisterOrGet(m Collector) Collector

MustRegisterOrGet works like Register but panics where RegisterOrGet would have returned an error.

func RegisterOrGet

func RegisterOrGet(m Collector) (Collector, error)

RegisterOrGet works like Register but does not return an error if a Collector is registered that equals a previously registered Collector. (Two Collectors are considered equal if their Describe method yields the same set of descriptors.) Instead, the previously registered Collector is returned (which is helpful if the new and previously registered Collectors are equal but not identical, i.e. not pointers to the same object).

As for Register, it is still not safe to call RegisterOrGet with the same Collector multiple times concurrently.

type Counter

type Counter interface {
	Metric
	Collector

	// Set is used to set the Counter to an arbitrary value. It is only used
	// if you have to transfer a value from an external counter into this
	// Prometheus metric. Do not use it for regular handling of a
	// Prometheus counter (as it can be used to break the contract of
	// monotonically increasing values).
	Set(float64)
	// Inc increments the counter by 1.
	Inc()
	// Add adds the given value to the counter. It panics if the value is <
	// 0.
	Add(float64)
}

Counter is a Metric that represents a single numerical value that only ever goes up. That implies that it cannot be used to count items whose number can also go down, e.g. the number of currently running goroutines. Those "counters" are represented by Gauges.

A Counter is typically used to count requests served, tasks completed, errors occurred, etc.

To create Counter instances, use NewCounter.

func NewCounter

func NewCounter(opts CounterOpts) Counter

NewCounter creates a new Counter based on the provided CounterOpts.

type CounterFunc

type CounterFunc interface {
	Metric
	Collector
}

CounterFunc is a Counter whose value is determined at collect time by calling a provided function.

To create CounterFunc instances, use NewCounterFunc.

func NewCounterFunc

func NewCounterFunc(opts CounterOpts, function func() float64) CounterFunc

NewCounterFunc creates a new CounterFunc based on the provided CounterOpts. The value reported is determined by calling the given function from within the Write method. Take into account that metric collection may happen concurrently. If that results in concurrent calls to Write, like in the case where a CounterFunc is directly registered with Prometheus, the provided function must be concurrency-safe. The function should also honor the contract for a Counter (values only go up, not down), but compliance will not be checked.

type CounterOpts

type CounterOpts Opts

CounterOpts is an alias for Opts. See there for doc comments.

type CounterVec

type CounterVec struct {
	MetricVec
}

CounterVec is a Collector that bundles a set of Counters that all share the same Desc, but have different values for their variable labels. This is used if you want to count the same thing partitioned by various dimensions (e.g. number of HTTP requests, partitioned by response code and method). Create instances with NewCounterVec.

CounterVec embeds MetricVec. See there for a full list of methods with detailed documentation.

func NewCounterVec

func NewCounterVec(opts CounterOpts, labelNames []string) *CounterVec

NewCounterVec creates a new CounterVec based on the provided CounterOpts and partitioned by the given label names. At least one label name must be provided.

func (*CounterVec) GetMetricWith

func (m *CounterVec) GetMetricWith(labels Labels) (Counter, error)

GetMetricWith replaces the method of the same name in MetricVec. The difference is that this method returns a Counter and not a Metric so that no type conversion is required.

func (*CounterVec) GetMetricWithLabelValues

func (m *CounterVec) GetMetricWithLabelValues(lvs ...string) (Counter, error)

GetMetricWithLabelValues replaces the method of the same name in MetricVec. The difference is that this method returns a Counter and not a Metric so that no type conversion is required.

func (*CounterVec) With

func (m *CounterVec) With(labels Labels) Counter

With works as GetMetricWith, but panics where GetMetricWithLabels would have returned an error. By not returning an error, With allows shortcuts like

myVec.With(Labels{"code": "404", "method": "GET"}).Add(42)

func (*CounterVec) WithLabelValues

func (m *CounterVec) WithLabelValues(lvs ...string) Counter

WithLabelValues works as GetMetricWithLabelValues, but panics where GetMetricWithLabelValues would have returned an error. By not returning an error, WithLabelValues allows shortcuts like

myVec.WithLabelValues("404", "GET").Add(42)

type Desc

type Desc struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Desc is the descriptor used by every Prometheus Metric. It is essentially the immutable meta-data of a Metric. The normal Metric implementations included in this package manage their Desc under the hood. Users only have to deal with Desc if they use advanced features like the ExpvarCollector or custom Collectors and Metrics.

Descriptors registered with the same registry have to fulfill certain consistency and uniqueness criteria if they share the same fully-qualified name: They must have the same help string and the same label names (aka label dimensions) in each, constLabels and variableLabels, but they must differ in the values of the constLabels.

Descriptors that share the same fully-qualified names and the same label values of their constLabels are considered equal.

Use NewDesc to create new Desc instances.

func NewDesc

func NewDesc(fqName, help string, variableLabels []string, constLabels Labels) *Desc

NewDesc allocates and initializes a new Desc. Errors are recorded in the Desc and will be reported on registration time. variableLabels and constLabels can be nil if no such labels should be set. fqName and help must not be empty.

variableLabels only contain the label names. Their label values are variable and therefore not part of the Desc. (They are managed within the Metric.)

For constLabels, the label values are constant. Therefore, they are fully specified in the Desc. See the Opts documentation for the implications of constant labels.

func NewInvalidDesc

func NewInvalidDesc(err error) *Desc

NewInvalidDesc returns an invalid descriptor, i.e. a descriptor with the provided error set. If a collector returning such a descriptor is registered, registration will fail with the provided error. NewInvalidDesc can be used by a Collector to signal inability to describe itself.

func (*Desc) String

func (d *Desc) String() string

type ExpvarCollector

type ExpvarCollector struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

ExpvarCollector collects metrics from the expvar interface. It provides a quick way to expose numeric values that are already exported via expvar as Prometheus metrics. Note that the data models of expvar and Prometheus are fundamentally different, and that the ExpvarCollector is inherently slow. Thus, the ExpvarCollector is probably great for experiments and prototying, but you should seriously consider a more direct implementation of Prometheus metrics for monitoring production systems.

Use NewExpvarCollector to create new instances.

func NewExpvarCollector

func NewExpvarCollector(exports map[string]*Desc) *ExpvarCollector

NewExpvarCollector returns a newly allocated ExpvarCollector that still has to be registered with the Prometheus registry.

The exports map has the following meaning:

The keys in the map correspond to expvar keys, i.e. for every expvar key you want to export as Prometheus metric, you need an entry in the exports map. The descriptor mapped to each key describes how to export the expvar value. It defines the name and the help string of the Prometheus metric proxying the expvar value. The type will always be Untyped.

For descriptors without variable labels, the expvar value must be a number or a bool. The number is then directly exported as the Prometheus sample value. (For a bool, 'false' translates to 0 and 'true' to 1). Expvar values that are not numbers or bools are silently ignored.

If the descriptor has one variable label, the expvar value must be an expvar map. The keys in the expvar map become the various values of the one Prometheus label. The values in the expvar map must be numbers or bools again as above.

For descriptors with more than one variable label, the expvar must be a nested expvar map, i.e. where the values of the topmost map are maps again etc. until a depth is reached that corresponds to the number of labels. The leaves of that structure must be numbers or bools as above to serve as the sample values.

Anything that does not fit into the scheme above is silently ignored.

func (*ExpvarCollector) Collect

func (e *ExpvarCollector) Collect(ch chan<- Metric)

Collect implements Collector.

func (*ExpvarCollector) Describe

func (e *ExpvarCollector) Describe(ch chan<- *Desc)

Describe implements Collector.

type Gauge

type Gauge interface {
	Metric
	Collector

	// Set sets the Gauge to an arbitrary value.
	Set(float64)
	// Inc increments the Gauge by 1.
	Inc()
	// Dec decrements the Gauge by 1.
	Dec()
	// Add adds the given value to the Gauge. (The value can be
	// negative, resulting in a decrease of the Gauge.)
	Add(float64)
	// Sub subtracts the given value from the Gauge. (The value can be
	// negative, resulting in an increase of the Gauge.)
	Sub(float64)
}

Gauge is a Metric that represents a single numerical value that can arbitrarily go up and down.

A Gauge is typically used for measured values like temperatures or current memory usage, but also "counts" that can go up and down, like the number of running goroutines.

To create Gauge instances, use NewGauge.

func NewGauge

func NewGauge(opts GaugeOpts) Gauge

NewGauge creates a new Gauge based on the provided GaugeOpts.

type GaugeFunc

type GaugeFunc interface {
	Metric
	Collector
}

GaugeFunc is a Gauge whose value is determined at collect time by calling a provided function.

To create GaugeFunc instances, use NewGaugeFunc.

func NewGaugeFunc

func NewGaugeFunc(opts GaugeOpts, function func() float64) GaugeFunc

NewGaugeFunc creates a new GaugeFunc based on the provided GaugeOpts. The value reported is determined by calling the given function from within the Write method. Take into account that metric collection may happen concurrently. If that results in concurrent calls to Write, like in the case where a GaugeFunc is directly registered with Prometheus, the provided function must be concurrency-safe.

type GaugeOpts

type GaugeOpts Opts

GaugeOpts is an alias for Opts. See there for doc comments.

type GaugeVec

type GaugeVec struct {
	MetricVec
}

GaugeVec is a Collector that bundles a set of Gauges that all share the same Desc, but have different values for their variable labels. This is used if you want to count the same thing partitioned by various dimensions (e.g. number of operations queued, partitioned by user and operation type). Create instances with NewGaugeVec.

func NewGaugeVec

func NewGaugeVec(opts GaugeOpts, labelNames []string) *GaugeVec

NewGaugeVec creates a new GaugeVec based on the provided GaugeOpts and partitioned by the given label names. At least one label name must be provided.

func (*GaugeVec) GetMetricWith

func (m *GaugeVec) GetMetricWith(labels Labels) (Gauge, error)

GetMetricWith replaces the method of the same name in MetricVec. The difference is that this method returns a Gauge and not a Metric so that no type conversion is required.

func (*GaugeVec) GetMetricWithLabelValues

func (m *GaugeVec) GetMetricWithLabelValues(lvs ...string) (Gauge, error)

GetMetricWithLabelValues replaces the method of the same name in MetricVec. The difference is that this method returns a Gauge and not a Metric so that no type conversion is required.

func (*GaugeVec) With

func (m *GaugeVec) With(labels Labels) Gauge

With works as GetMetricWith, but panics where GetMetricWithLabels would have returned an error. By not returning an error, With allows shortcuts like

myVec.With(Labels{"code": "404", "method": "GET"}).Add(42)

func (*GaugeVec) WithLabelValues

func (m *GaugeVec) WithLabelValues(lvs ...string) Gauge

WithLabelValues works as GetMetricWithLabelValues, but panics where GetMetricWithLabelValues would have returned an error. By not returning an error, WithLabelValues allows shortcuts like

myVec.WithLabelValues("404", "GET").Add(42)

type Histogram

type Histogram interface {
	Metric
	Collector

	// Observe adds a single observation to the histogram.
	Observe(float64)
}

A Histogram counts individual observations from an event or sample stream in configurable buckets. Similar to a summary, it also provides a sum of observations and an observation count.

On the Prometheus server, quantiles can be calculated from a Histogram using the histogram_quantile function in the query language.

Note that Histograms, in contrast to Summaries, can be aggregated with the Prometheus query language (see the documentation for detailed procedures). However, Histograms require the user to pre-define suitable buckets, and they are in general less accurate. The Observe method of a Histogram has a very low performance overhead in comparison with the Observe method of a Summary.

To create Histogram instances, use NewHistogram.

func NewHistogram

func NewHistogram(opts HistogramOpts) Histogram

NewHistogram creates a new Histogram based on the provided HistogramOpts. It panics if the buckets in HistogramOpts are not in strictly increasing order.

type HistogramOpts

type HistogramOpts struct {
	// Namespace, Subsystem, and Name are components of the fully-qualified
	// name of the Histogram (created by joining these components with
	// "_"). Only Name is mandatory, the others merely help structuring the
	// name. Note that the fully-qualified name of the Histogram must be a
	// valid Prometheus metric name.
	Namespace string
	Subsystem string
	Name      string

	// Help provides information about this Histogram. Mandatory!
	//
	// Metrics with the same fully-qualified name must have the same Help
	// string.
	Help string

	// ConstLabels are used to attach fixed labels to this
	// Histogram. Histograms with the same fully-qualified name must have the
	// same label names in their ConstLabels.
	//
	// Note that in most cases, labels have a value that varies during the
	// lifetime of a process. Those labels are usually managed with a
	// HistogramVec. ConstLabels serve only special purposes. One is for the
	// special case where the value of a label does not change during the
	// lifetime of a process, e.g. if the revision of the running binary is
	// put into a label. Another, more advanced purpose is if more than one
	// Collector needs to collect Histograms with the same fully-qualified
	// name. In that case, those Summaries must differ in the values of
	// their ConstLabels. See the Collector examples.
	//
	// If the value of a label never changes (not even between binaries),
	// that label most likely should not be a label at all (but part of the
	// metric name).
	ConstLabels Labels

	// Buckets defines the buckets into which observations are counted. Each
	// element in the slice is the upper inclusive bound of a bucket. The
	// values must be sorted in strictly increasing order. There is no need
	// to add a highest bucket with +Inf bound, it will be added
	// implicitly. The default value is DefBuckets.
	Buckets []float64
}

HistogramOpts bundles the options for creating a Histogram metric. It is mandatory to set Name and Help to a non-empty string. All other fields are optional and can safely be left at their zero value.

type HistogramVec

type HistogramVec struct {
	MetricVec
}

HistogramVec is a Collector that bundles a set of Histograms that all share the same Desc, but have different values for their variable labels. This is used if you want to count the same thing partitioned by various dimensions (e.g. HTTP request latencies, partitioned by status code and method). Create instances with NewHistogramVec.

func NewHistogramVec

func NewHistogramVec(opts HistogramOpts, labelNames []string) *HistogramVec

NewHistogramVec creates a new HistogramVec based on the provided HistogramOpts and partitioned by the given label names. At least one label name must be provided.

func (*HistogramVec) GetMetricWith

func (m *HistogramVec) GetMetricWith(labels Labels) (Histogram, error)

GetMetricWith replaces the method of the same name in MetricVec. The difference is that this method returns a Histogram and not a Metric so that no type conversion is required.

func (*HistogramVec) GetMetricWithLabelValues

func (m *HistogramVec) GetMetricWithLabelValues(lvs ...string) (Histogram, error)

GetMetricWithLabelValues replaces the method of the same name in MetricVec. The difference is that this method returns a Histogram and not a Metric so that no type conversion is required.

func (*HistogramVec) With

func (m *HistogramVec) With(labels Labels) Histogram

With works as GetMetricWith, but panics where GetMetricWithLabels would have returned an error. By not returning an error, With allows shortcuts like

myVec.With(Labels{"code": "404", "method": "GET"}).Observe(42.21)

func (*HistogramVec) WithLabelValues

func (m *HistogramVec) WithLabelValues(lvs ...string) Histogram

WithLabelValues works as GetMetricWithLabelValues, but panics where GetMetricWithLabelValues would have returned an error. By not returning an error, WithLabelValues allows shortcuts like

myVec.WithLabelValues("404", "GET").Observe(42.21)

type LabelPairSorter

type LabelPairSorter []*dto.LabelPair

LabelPairSorter implements sort.Interface. It is used to sort a slice of dto.LabelPair pointers. This is useful for implementing the Write method of custom metrics.

func (LabelPairSorter) Len

func (s LabelPairSorter) Len() int

func (LabelPairSorter) Less

func (s LabelPairSorter) Less(i, j int) bool

func (LabelPairSorter) Swap

func (s LabelPairSorter) Swap(i, j int)

type Labels

type Labels map[string]string

Labels represents a collection of label name -> value mappings. This type is commonly used with the With(Labels) and GetMetricWith(Labels) methods of metric vector Collectors, e.g.:

myVec.With(Labels{"code": "404", "method": "GET"}).Add(42)

The other use-case is the specification of constant label pairs in Opts or to create a Desc.

type Metric

type Metric interface {
	// Desc returns the descriptor for the Metric. This method idempotently
	// returns the same descriptor throughout the lifetime of the
	// Metric. The returned descriptor is immutable by contract. A Metric
	// unable to describe itself must return an invalid descriptor (created
	// with NewInvalidDesc).
	Desc() *Desc
	// Write encodes the Metric into a "Metric" Protocol Buffer data
	// transmission object.
	//
	// Implementers of custom Metric types must observe concurrency safety
	// as reads of this metric may occur at any time, and any blocking
	// occurs at the expense of total performance of rendering all
	// registered metrics. Ideally Metric implementations should support
	// concurrent readers.
	//
	// The Prometheus client library attempts to minimize memory allocations
	// and will provide a pre-existing reset dto.Metric pointer. Prometheus
	// may recycle the dto.Metric proto message, so Metric implementations
	// should just populate the provided dto.Metric and then should not keep
	// any reference to it.
	//
	// While populating dto.Metric, labels must be sorted lexicographically.
	// (Implementers may find LabelPairSorter useful for that.)
	Write(*dto.Metric) error
}

A Metric models a single sample value with its meta data being exported to Prometheus. Implementers of Metric in this package inclued Gauge, Counter, Untyped, and Summary. Users can implement their own Metric types, but that should be rarely needed. See the example for SelfCollector, which is also an example for a user-implemented Metric.

func MustNewConstHistogram

func MustNewConstHistogram(
	desc *Desc,
	count uint64,
	sum float64,
	buckets map[float64]uint64,
	labelValues ...string,
) Metric

MustNewConstHistogram is a version of NewConstHistogram that panics where NewConstMetric would have returned an error.

func MustNewConstMetric

func MustNewConstMetric(desc *Desc, valueType ValueType, value float64, labelValues ...string) Metric

MustNewConstMetric is a version of NewConstMetric that panics where NewConstMetric would have returned an error.

func MustNewConstSummary

func MustNewConstSummary(
	desc *Desc,
	count uint64,
	sum float64,
	quantiles map[float64]float64,
	labelValues ...string,
) Metric

MustNewConstSummary is a version of NewConstSummary that panics where NewConstMetric would have returned an error.

func NewConstHistogram

func NewConstHistogram(
	desc *Desc,
	count uint64,
	sum float64,
	buckets map[float64]uint64,
	labelValues ...string,
) (Metric, error)

NewConstHistogram returns a metric representing a Prometheus histogram with fixed values for the count, sum, and bucket counts. As those parameters cannot be changed, the returned value does not implement the Histogram interface (but only the Metric interface). Users of this package will not have much use for it in regular operations. However, when implementing custom Collectors, it is useful as a throw-away metric that is generated on the fly to send it to Prometheus in the Collect method.

buckets is a map of upper bounds to cumulative counts, excluding the +Inf bucket.

NewConstHistogram returns an error if the length of labelValues is not consistent with the variable labels in Desc.

func NewConstMetric

func NewConstMetric(desc *Desc, valueType ValueType, value float64, labelValues ...string) (Metric, error)

NewConstMetric returns a metric with one fixed value that cannot be changed. Users of this package will not have much use for it in regular operations. However, when implementing custom Collectors, it is useful as a throw-away metric that is generated on the fly to send it to Prometheus in the Collect method. NewConstMetric returns an error if the length of labelValues is not consistent with the variable labels in Desc.

func NewConstSummary

func NewConstSummary(
	desc *Desc,
	count uint64,
	sum float64,
	quantiles map[float64]float64,
	labelValues ...string,
) (Metric, error)

NewConstSummary returns a metric representing a Prometheus summary with fixed values for the count, sum, and quantiles. As those parameters cannot be changed, the returned value does not implement the Summary interface (but only the Metric interface). Users of this package will not have much use for it in regular operations. However, when implementing custom Collectors, it is useful as a throw-away metric that is generated on the fly to send it to Prometheus in the Collect method.

quantiles maps ranks to quantile values. For example, a median latency of 0.23s and a 99th percentile latency of 0.56s would be expressed as:

map[float64]float64{0.5: 0.23, 0.99: 0.56}

NewConstSummary returns an error if the length of labelValues is not consistent with the variable labels in Desc.

func NewInvalidMetric

func NewInvalidMetric(desc *Desc, err error) Metric

NewInvalidMetric returns a metric whose Write method always returns the provided error. It is useful if a Collector finds itself unable to collect a metric and wishes to report an error to the registry.

type MetricVec

type MetricVec struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

MetricVec is a Collector to bundle metrics of the same name that differ in their label values. MetricVec is usually not used directly but as a building block for implementations of vectors of a given metric type. GaugeVec, CounterVec, SummaryVec, and UntypedVec are examples already provided in this package.

func (*MetricVec) Collect

func (m *MetricVec) Collect(ch chan<- Metric)

Collect implements Collector.

func (*MetricVec) Delete

func (m *MetricVec) Delete(labels Labels) bool

Delete deletes the metric where the variable labels are the same as those passed in as labels. It returns true if a metric was deleted.

It is not an error if the number and names of the Labels are inconsistent with those of the VariableLabels in the Desc of the MetricVec. However, such inconsistent Labels can never match an actual Metric, so the method will always return false in that case.

This method is used for the same purpose as DeleteLabelValues(...string). See there for pros and cons of the two methods.

func (*MetricVec) DeleteLabelValues

func (m *MetricVec) DeleteLabelValues(lvs ...string) bool

DeleteLabelValues removes the metric where the variable labels are the same as those passed in as labels (same order as the VariableLabels in Desc). It returns true if a metric was deleted.

It is not an error if the number of label values is not the same as the number of VariableLabels in Desc. However, such inconsistent label count can never match an actual Metric, so the method will always return false in that case.

Note that for more than one label value, this method is prone to mistakes caused by an incorrect order of arguments. Consider Delete(Labels) as an alternative to avoid that type of mistake. For higher label numbers, the latter has a much more readable (albeit more verbose) syntax, but it comes with a performance overhead (for creating and processing the Labels map). See also the CounterVec example.

func (*MetricVec) Describe

func (m *MetricVec) Describe(ch chan<- *Desc)

Describe implements Collector. The length of the returned slice is always one.

func (*MetricVec) GetMetricWith

func (m *MetricVec) GetMetricWith(labels Labels) (Metric, error)

GetMetricWith returns the Metric for the given Labels map (the label names must match those of the VariableLabels in Desc). If that label map is accessed for the first time, a new Metric is created. Implications of creating a Metric without using it and keeping the Metric for later use are the same as for GetMetricWithLabelValues.

An error is returned if the number and names of the Labels are inconsistent with those of the VariableLabels in Desc.

This method is used for the same purpose as GetMetricWithLabelValues(...string). See there for pros and cons of the two methods.

func (*MetricVec) GetMetricWithLabelValues

func (m *MetricVec) GetMetricWithLabelValues(lvs ...string) (Metric, error)

GetMetricWithLabelValues returns the Metric for the given slice of label values (same order as the VariableLabels in Desc). If that combination of label values is accessed for the first time, a new Metric is created.

It is possible to call this method without using the returned Metric to only create the new Metric but leave it at its start value (e.g. a Summary or Histogram without any observations). See also the SummaryVec example.

Keeping the Metric for later use is possible (and should be considered if performance is critical), but keep in mind that Reset, DeleteLabelValues and Delete can be used to delete the Metric from the MetricVec. In that case, the Metric will still exist, but it will not be exported anymore, even if a Metric with the same label values is created later. See also the CounterVec example.

An error is returned if the number of label values is not the same as the number of VariableLabels in Desc.

Note that for more than one label value, this method is prone to mistakes caused by an incorrect order of arguments. Consider GetMetricWith(Labels) as an alternative to avoid that type of mistake. For higher label numbers, the latter has a much more readable (albeit more verbose) syntax, but it comes with a performance overhead (for creating and processing the Labels map). See also the GaugeVec example.

func (*MetricVec) Reset

func (m *MetricVec) Reset()

Reset deletes all metrics in this vector.

func (*MetricVec) With

func (m *MetricVec) With(labels Labels) Metric

With works as GetMetricWith, but panics if an error occurs. The method allows neat syntax like:

httpReqs.With(Labels{"status":"404", "method":"POST"}).Inc()

func (*MetricVec) WithLabelValues

func (m *MetricVec) WithLabelValues(lvs ...string) Metric

WithLabelValues works as GetMetricWithLabelValues, but panics if an error occurs. The method allows neat syntax like:

httpReqs.WithLabelValues("404", "POST").Inc()

type Opts

type Opts struct {
	// Namespace, Subsystem, and Name are components of the fully-qualified
	// name of the Metric (created by joining these components with
	// "_"). Only Name is mandatory, the others merely help structuring the
	// name. Note that the fully-qualified name of the metric must be a
	// valid Prometheus metric name.
	Namespace string
	Subsystem string
	Name      string

	// Help provides information about this metric. Mandatory!
	//
	// Metrics with the same fully-qualified name must have the same Help
	// string.
	Help string

	// ConstLabels are used to attach fixed labels to this metric. Metrics
	// with the same fully-qualified name must have the same label names in
	// their ConstLabels.
	//
	// Note that in most cases, labels have a value that varies during the
	// lifetime of a process. Those labels are usually managed with a metric
	// vector collector (like CounterVec, GaugeVec, UntypedVec). ConstLabels
	// serve only special purposes. One is for the special case where the
	// value of a label does not change during the lifetime of a process,
	// e.g. if the revision of the running binary is put into a
	// label. Another, more advanced purpose is if more than one Collector
	// needs to collect Metrics with the same fully-qualified name. In that
	// case, those Metrics must differ in the values of their
	// ConstLabels. See the Collector examples.
	//
	// If the value of a label never changes (not even between binaries),
	// that label most likely should not be a label at all (but part of the
	// metric name).
	ConstLabels Labels
}

Opts bundles the options for creating most Metric types. Each metric implementation XXX has its own XXXOpts type, but in most cases, it is just be an alias of this type (which might change when the requirement arises.)

It is mandatory to set Name and Help to a non-empty string. All other fields are optional and can safely be left at their zero value.

type SelfCollector

type SelfCollector struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

SelfCollector implements Collector for a single Metric so that that the Metric collects itself. Add it as an anonymous field to a struct that implements Metric, and call Init with the Metric itself as an argument.

func (*SelfCollector) Collect

func (c *SelfCollector) Collect(ch chan<- Metric)

Collect implements Collector.

func (*SelfCollector) Describe

func (c *SelfCollector) Describe(ch chan<- *Desc)

Describe implements Collector.

func (*SelfCollector) Init

func (c *SelfCollector) Init(self Metric)

Init provides the SelfCollector with a reference to the metric it is supposed to collect. It is usually called within the factory function to create a metric. See example.

type Summary

type Summary interface {
	Metric
	Collector

	// Observe adds a single observation to the summary.
	Observe(float64)
}

A Summary captures individual observations from an event or sample stream and summarizes them in a manner similar to traditional summary statistics: 1. sum of observations, 2. observation count, 3. rank estimations.

A typical use-case is the observation of request latencies. By default, a Summary provides the median, the 90th and the 99th percentile of the latency as rank estimations.

Note that the rank estimations cannot be aggregated in a meaningful way with the Prometheus query language (i.e. you cannot average or add them). If you need aggregatable quantiles (e.g. you want the 99th percentile latency of all queries served across all instances of a service), consider the Histogram metric type. See the Prometheus documentation for more details.

To create Summary instances, use NewSummary.

func NewSummary

func NewSummary(opts SummaryOpts) Summary

NewSummary creates a new Summary based on the provided SummaryOpts.

type SummaryOpts

type SummaryOpts struct {
	// Namespace, Subsystem, and Name are components of the fully-qualified
	// name of the Summary (created by joining these components with
	// "_"). Only Name is mandatory, the others merely help structuring the
	// name. Note that the fully-qualified name of the Summary must be a
	// valid Prometheus metric name.
	Namespace string
	Subsystem string
	Name      string

	// Help provides information about this Summary. Mandatory!
	//
	// Metrics with the same fully-qualified name must have the same Help
	// string.
	Help string

	// ConstLabels are used to attach fixed labels to this
	// Summary. Summaries with the same fully-qualified name must have the
	// same label names in their ConstLabels.
	//
	// Note that in most cases, labels have a value that varies during the
	// lifetime of a process. Those labels are usually managed with a
	// SummaryVec. ConstLabels serve only special purposes. One is for the
	// special case where the value of a label does not change during the
	// lifetime of a process, e.g. if the revision of the running binary is
	// put into a label. Another, more advanced purpose is if more than one
	// Collector needs to collect Summaries with the same fully-qualified
	// name. In that case, those Summaries must differ in the values of
	// their ConstLabels. See the Collector examples.
	//
	// If the value of a label never changes (not even between binaries),
	// that label most likely should not be a label at all (but part of the
	// metric name).
	ConstLabels Labels

	// Objectives defines the quantile rank estimates with their respective
	// absolute error. If Objectives[q] = e, then the value reported
	// for q will be the φ-quantile value for some φ between q-e and q+e.
	// The default value is DefObjectives.
	Objectives map[float64]float64

	// MaxAge defines the duration for which an observation stays relevant
	// for the summary. Must be positive. The default value is DefMaxAge.
	MaxAge time.Duration

	// AgeBuckets is the number of buckets used to exclude observations that
	// are older than MaxAge from the summary. A higher number has a
	// resource penalty, so only increase it if the higher resolution is
	// really required. For very high observation rates, you might want to
	// reduce the number of age buckets. With only one age bucket, you will
	// effectively see a complete reset of the summary each time MaxAge has
	// passed. The default value is DefAgeBuckets.
	AgeBuckets uint32

	// BufCap defines the default sample stream buffer size.  The default
	// value of DefBufCap should suffice for most uses. If there is a need
	// to increase the value, a multiple of 500 is recommended (because that
	// is the internal buffer size of the underlying package
	// "github.com/bmizerany/perks/quantile").
	BufCap uint32
}

SummaryOpts bundles the options for creating a Summary metric. It is mandatory to set Name and Help to a non-empty string. All other fields are optional and can safely be left at their zero value.

type SummaryVec

type SummaryVec struct {
	MetricVec
}

SummaryVec is a Collector that bundles a set of Summaries that all share the same Desc, but have different values for their variable labels. This is used if you want to count the same thing partitioned by various dimensions (e.g. HTTP request latencies, partitioned by status code and method). Create instances with NewSummaryVec.

func NewSummaryVec

func NewSummaryVec(opts SummaryOpts, labelNames []string) *SummaryVec

NewSummaryVec creates a new SummaryVec based on the provided SummaryOpts and partitioned by the given label names. At least one label name must be provided.

func (*SummaryVec) GetMetricWith

func (m *SummaryVec) GetMetricWith(labels Labels) (Summary, error)

GetMetricWith replaces the method of the same name in MetricVec. The difference is that this method returns a Summary and not a Metric so that no type conversion is required.

func (*SummaryVec) GetMetricWithLabelValues

func (m *SummaryVec) GetMetricWithLabelValues(lvs ...string) (Summary, error)

GetMetricWithLabelValues replaces the method of the same name in MetricVec. The difference is that this method returns a Summary and not a Metric so that no type conversion is required.

func (*SummaryVec) With

func (m *SummaryVec) With(labels Labels) Summary

With works as GetMetricWith, but panics where GetMetricWithLabels would have returned an error. By not returning an error, With allows shortcuts like

myVec.With(Labels{"code": "404", "method": "GET"}).Observe(42.21)

func (*SummaryVec) WithLabelValues

func (m *SummaryVec) WithLabelValues(lvs ...string) Summary

WithLabelValues works as GetMetricWithLabelValues, but panics where GetMetricWithLabelValues would have returned an error. By not returning an error, WithLabelValues allows shortcuts like

myVec.WithLabelValues("404", "GET").Observe(42.21)

type Untyped

type Untyped interface {
	Metric
	Collector

	// Set sets the Untyped metric to an arbitrary value.
	Set(float64)
	// Inc increments the Untyped metric by 1.
	Inc()
	// Dec decrements the Untyped metric by 1.
	Dec()
	// Add adds the given value to the Untyped metric. (The value can be
	// negative, resulting in a decrease.)
	Add(float64)
	// Sub subtracts the given value from the Untyped metric. (The value can
	// be negative, resulting in an increase.)
	Sub(float64)
}

Untyped is a Metric that represents a single numerical value that can arbitrarily go up and down.

An Untyped metric works the same as a Gauge. The only difference is that to no type information is implied.

To create Untyped instances, use NewUntyped.

func NewUntyped

func NewUntyped(opts UntypedOpts) Untyped

NewUntyped creates a new Untyped metric from the provided UntypedOpts.

type UntypedFunc

type UntypedFunc interface {
	Metric
	Collector
}

UntypedFunc is an Untyped whose value is determined at collect time by calling a provided function.

To create UntypedFunc instances, use NewUntypedFunc.

func NewUntypedFunc

func NewUntypedFunc(opts UntypedOpts, function func() float64) UntypedFunc

NewUntypedFunc creates a new UntypedFunc based on the provided UntypedOpts. The value reported is determined by calling the given function from within the Write method. Take into account that metric collection may happen concurrently. If that results in concurrent calls to Write, like in the case where an UntypedFunc is directly registered with Prometheus, the provided function must be concurrency-safe.

type UntypedOpts

type UntypedOpts Opts

UntypedOpts is an alias for Opts. See there for doc comments.

type UntypedVec

type UntypedVec struct {
	MetricVec
}

UntypedVec is a Collector that bundles a set of Untyped metrics that all share the same Desc, but have different values for their variable labels. This is used if you want to count the same thing partitioned by various dimensions. Create instances with NewUntypedVec.

func NewUntypedVec

func NewUntypedVec(opts UntypedOpts, labelNames []string) *UntypedVec

NewUntypedVec creates a new UntypedVec based on the provided UntypedOpts and partitioned by the given label names. At least one label name must be provided.

func (*UntypedVec) GetMetricWith

func (m *UntypedVec) GetMetricWith(labels Labels) (Untyped, error)

GetMetricWith replaces the method of the same name in MetricVec. The difference is that this method returns an Untyped and not a Metric so that no type conversion is required.

func (*UntypedVec) GetMetricWithLabelValues

func (m *UntypedVec) GetMetricWithLabelValues(lvs ...string) (Untyped, error)

GetMetricWithLabelValues replaces the method of the same name in MetricVec. The difference is that this method returns an Untyped and not a Metric so that no type conversion is required.

func (*UntypedVec) With

func (m *UntypedVec) With(labels Labels) Untyped

With works as GetMetricWith, but panics where GetMetricWithLabels would have returned an error. By not returning an error, With allows shortcuts like

myVec.With(Labels{"code": "404", "method": "GET"}).Add(42)

func (*UntypedVec) WithLabelValues

func (m *UntypedVec) WithLabelValues(lvs ...string) Untyped

WithLabelValues works as GetMetricWithLabelValues, but panics where GetMetricWithLabelValues would have returned an error. By not returning an error, WithLabelValues allows shortcuts like

myVec.WithLabelValues("404", "GET").Add(42)

type ValueType

type ValueType int

ValueType is an enumeration of metric types that represent a simple value.

const (
	CounterValue ValueType
	GaugeValue
	UntypedValue
)

Possible values for the ValueType enum.

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