qtls

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Published: Jun 27, 2020 License: BSD-3-Clause Imports: 40 Imported by: 0

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qtls

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This repository contains a modified version of the standard library's TLS implementation, modified for the QUIC protocol. It is used by quic-go.

Documentation

Index

Examples

Constants

View Source
const (
	// TLS 1.0 - 1.2 cipher suites.
	TLS_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA                      uint16 = 0x0005
	TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA                 uint16 = 0x000a
	TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA                  uint16 = 0x002f
	TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA                  uint16 = 0x0035
	TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256               uint16 = 0x003c
	TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256               uint16 = 0x009c
	TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384               uint16 = 0x009d
	TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA              uint16 = 0xc007
	TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA          uint16 = 0xc009
	TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA          uint16 = 0xc00a
	TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA                uint16 = 0xc011
	TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA           uint16 = 0xc012
	TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA            uint16 = 0xc013
	TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA            uint16 = 0xc014
	TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256       uint16 = 0xc023
	TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256         uint16 = 0xc027
	TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256         uint16 = 0xc02f
	TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256       uint16 = 0xc02b
	TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384         uint16 = 0xc030
	TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384       uint16 = 0xc02c
	TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256   uint16 = 0xcca8
	TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256 uint16 = 0xcca9

	// TLS 1.3 cipher suites.
	TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256       uint16 = 0x1301
	TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384       uint16 = 0x1302
	TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256 uint16 = 0x1303

	// TLS_FALLBACK_SCSV isn't a standard cipher suite but an indicator
	// that the client is doing version fallback. See RFC 7507.
	TLS_FALLBACK_SCSV uint16 = 0x5600

	// Legacy names for the corresponding cipher suites with the correct _SHA256
	// suffix, retained for backward compatibility.
	TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305   = TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
	TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305 = TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
)

A list of cipher suite IDs that are, or have been, implemented by this package.

See https://www.iana.org/assignments/tls-parameters/tls-parameters.xml

View Source
const (
	VersionTLS10 = 0x0301
	VersionTLS11 = 0x0302
	VersionTLS12 = 0x0303
	VersionTLS13 = 0x0304

	// Deprecated: SSLv3 is cryptographically broken, and is no longer
	// supported by this package. See golang.org/issue/32716.
	VersionSSL30 = 0x0300
)

Variables

This section is empty.

Functions

func AEADAESGCMTLS13

func AEADAESGCMTLS13(key, fixedNonce []byte) cipher.AEAD

AEADAESGCMTLS13 creates a new AES-GCM AEAD for TLS 1.3

func CipherSuiteName

func CipherSuiteName(id uint16) string

CipherSuiteName returns the standard name for the passed cipher suite ID (e.g. "TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256"), or a fallback representation of the ID value if the cipher suite is not implemented by this package.

func HkdfExpandLabel

func HkdfExpandLabel(hash crypto.Hash, secret, hashValue []byte, label string, L int) []byte

HkdfExpandLabel HKDF expands a label

func HkdfExtract

func HkdfExtract(hash crypto.Hash, newSecret, currentSecret []byte) []byte

HkdfExtract generates a pseudorandom key for use with Expand from an input secret and an optional independent salt.

func Listen

func Listen(network, laddr string, config *Config) (net.Listener, error)

Listen creates a TLS listener accepting connections on the given network address using net.Listen. The configuration config must be non-nil and must include at least one certificate or else set GetCertificate.

func NewListener

func NewListener(inner net.Listener, config *Config) net.Listener

NewListener creates a Listener which accepts connections from an inner Listener and wraps each connection with Server. The configuration config must be non-nil and must include at least one certificate or else set GetCertificate.

Types

type Alert

type Alert = alert

Alert is a TLS alert

type Certificate

type Certificate struct {
	Certificate [][]byte
	// PrivateKey contains the private key corresponding to the public key in
	// Leaf. This must implement crypto.Signer with an RSA, ECDSA or Ed25519 PublicKey.
	// For a server up to TLS 1.2, it can also implement crypto.Decrypter with
	// an RSA PublicKey.
	PrivateKey crypto.PrivateKey
	// SupportedSignatureAlgorithms is an optional list restricting what
	// signature algorithms the PrivateKey can be used for.
	SupportedSignatureAlgorithms []SignatureScheme
	// OCSPStaple contains an optional OCSP response which will be served
	// to clients that request it.
	OCSPStaple []byte
	// SignedCertificateTimestamps contains an optional list of Signed
	// Certificate Timestamps which will be served to clients that request it.
	SignedCertificateTimestamps [][]byte
	// Leaf is the parsed form of the leaf certificate, which may be initialized
	// using x509.ParseCertificate to reduce per-handshake processing. If nil,
	// the leaf certificate will be parsed as needed.
	Leaf *x509.Certificate
}

A Certificate is a chain of one or more certificates, leaf first.

func LoadX509KeyPair

func LoadX509KeyPair(certFile, keyFile string) (Certificate, error)

LoadX509KeyPair reads and parses a public/private key pair from a pair of files. The files must contain PEM encoded data. The certificate file may contain intermediate certificates following the leaf certificate to form a certificate chain. On successful return, Certificate.Leaf will be nil because the parsed form of the certificate is not retained.

Example
package main

import (
	"crypto/tls"
	"log"
)

func main() {
	cert, err := tls.LoadX509KeyPair("testdata/example-cert.pem", "testdata/example-key.pem")
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	cfg := &tls.Config{Certificates: []tls.Certificate{cert}}
	listener, err := tls.Listen("tcp", ":2000", cfg)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	_ = listener
}
Output:

func X509KeyPair

func X509KeyPair(certPEMBlock, keyPEMBlock []byte) (Certificate, error)

X509KeyPair parses a public/private key pair from a pair of PEM encoded data. On successful return, Certificate.Leaf will be nil because the parsed form of the certificate is not retained.

Example
package main

import (
	"crypto/tls"
	"log"
)

func main() {
	certPem := []byte(`-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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-----END CERTIFICATE-----`)
	keyPem := []byte(`-----BEGIN EC PRIVATE KEY-----
MHcCAQEEIIrYSSNQFaA2Hwf1duRSxKtLYX5CB04fSeQ6tF1aY/PuoAoGCCqGSM49
AwEHoUQDQgAEPR3tU2Fta9ktY+6P9G0cWO+0kETA6SFs38GecTyudlHz6xvCdz8q
EKTcWGekdmdDPsHloRNtsiCa697B2O9IFA==
-----END EC PRIVATE KEY-----`)
	cert, err := tls.X509KeyPair(certPem, keyPem)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	cfg := &tls.Config{Certificates: []tls.Certificate{cert}}
	listener, err := tls.Listen("tcp", ":2000", cfg)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	_ = listener
}
Output:

Example (HttpServer)
package main

import (
	"crypto/tls"
	"log"
	"net/http"
	"time"
)

func main() {
	certPem := []byte(`-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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-----END CERTIFICATE-----`)
	keyPem := []byte(`-----BEGIN EC PRIVATE KEY-----
MHcCAQEEIIrYSSNQFaA2Hwf1duRSxKtLYX5CB04fSeQ6tF1aY/PuoAoGCCqGSM49
AwEHoUQDQgAEPR3tU2Fta9ktY+6P9G0cWO+0kETA6SFs38GecTyudlHz6xvCdz8q
EKTcWGekdmdDPsHloRNtsiCa697B2O9IFA==
-----END EC PRIVATE KEY-----`)
	cert, err := tls.X509KeyPair(certPem, keyPem)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	cfg := &tls.Config{Certificates: []tls.Certificate{cert}}
	srv := &http.Server{
		TLSConfig:    cfg,
		ReadTimeout:  time.Minute,
		WriteTimeout: time.Minute,
	}
	log.Fatal(srv.ListenAndServeTLS("", ""))
}
Output:

type CertificateRequestInfo

type CertificateRequestInfo struct {
	// AcceptableCAs contains zero or more, DER-encoded, X.501
	// Distinguished Names. These are the names of root or intermediate CAs
	// that the server wishes the returned certificate to be signed by. An
	// empty slice indicates that the server has no preference.
	AcceptableCAs [][]byte

	// SignatureSchemes lists the signature schemes that the server is
	// willing to verify.
	SignatureSchemes []SignatureScheme

	// Version is the TLS version that was negotiated for this connection.
	Version uint16
}

CertificateRequestInfo contains information from a server's CertificateRequest message, which is used to demand a certificate and proof of control from a client.

func (*CertificateRequestInfo) SupportsCertificate

func (cri *CertificateRequestInfo) SupportsCertificate(c *Certificate) error

SupportsCertificate returns nil if the provided certificate is supported by the server that sent the CertificateRequest. Otherwise, it returns an error describing the reason for the incompatibility.

type CipherSuite

type CipherSuite struct {
	ID   uint16
	Name string

	// Supported versions is the list of TLS protocol versions that can
	// negotiate this cipher suite.
	SupportedVersions []uint16

	// Insecure is true if the cipher suite has known security issues
	// due to its primitives, design, or implementation.
	Insecure bool
}

CipherSuite is a TLS cipher suite. Note that most functions in this package accept and expose cipher suite IDs instead of this type.

func CipherSuites

func CipherSuites() []*CipherSuite

CipherSuites returns a list of cipher suites currently implemented by this package, excluding those with security issues, which are returned by InsecureCipherSuites.

The list is sorted by ID. Note that the default cipher suites selected by this package might depend on logic that can't be captured by a static list.

func InsecureCipherSuites

func InsecureCipherSuites() []*CipherSuite

InsecureCipherSuites returns a list of cipher suites currently implemented by this package and which have security issues.

Most applications should not use the cipher suites in this list, and should only use those returned by CipherSuites.

type CipherSuiteTLS13

type CipherSuiteTLS13 struct {
	ID     uint16
	KeyLen int
	Hash   crypto.Hash
	AEAD   func(key, fixedNonce []byte) cipher.AEAD
}

func (*CipherSuiteTLS13) IVLen

func (c *CipherSuiteTLS13) IVLen() int

type ClientAuthType

type ClientAuthType = tls.ClientAuthType

ClientAuthType is tls.ClientAuthType

const (
	NoClientCert ClientAuthType = iota
	RequestClientCert
	RequireAnyClientCert
	VerifyClientCertIfGiven
	RequireAndVerifyClientCert
)

type ClientHelloInfo

type ClientHelloInfo struct {
	// CipherSuites lists the CipherSuites supported by the client (e.g.
	// TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256, TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256).
	CipherSuites []uint16

	// ServerName indicates the name of the server requested by the client
	// in order to support virtual hosting. ServerName is only set if the
	// client is using SNI (see RFC 4366, Section 3.1).
	ServerName string

	// SupportedCurves lists the elliptic curves supported by the client.
	// SupportedCurves is set only if the Supported Elliptic Curves
	// Extension is being used (see RFC 4492, Section 5.1.1).
	SupportedCurves []CurveID

	// SupportedPoints lists the point formats supported by the client.
	// SupportedPoints is set only if the Supported Point Formats Extension
	// is being used (see RFC 4492, Section 5.1.2).
	SupportedPoints []uint8

	// SignatureSchemes lists the signature and hash schemes that the client
	// is willing to verify. SignatureSchemes is set only if the Signature
	// Algorithms Extension is being used (see RFC 5246, Section 7.4.1.4.1).
	SignatureSchemes []SignatureScheme

	// SupportedProtos lists the application protocols supported by the client.
	// SupportedProtos is set only if the Application-Layer Protocol
	// Negotiation Extension is being used (see RFC 7301, Section 3.1).
	//
	// Servers can select a protocol by setting Config.NextProtos in a
	// GetConfigForClient return value.
	SupportedProtos []string

	// SupportedVersions lists the TLS versions supported by the client.
	// For TLS versions less than 1.3, this is extrapolated from the max
	// version advertised by the client, so values other than the greatest
	// might be rejected if used.
	SupportedVersions []uint16

	// Conn is the underlying net.Conn for the connection. Do not read
	// from, or write to, this connection; that will cause the TLS
	// connection to fail.
	Conn net.Conn
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

ClientHelloInfo contains information from a ClientHello message in order to guide application logic in the GetCertificate and GetConfigForClient callbacks.

func (*ClientHelloInfo) SupportsCertificate

func (chi *ClientHelloInfo) SupportsCertificate(c *Certificate) error

SupportsCertificate returns nil if the provided certificate is supported by the client that sent the ClientHello. Otherwise, it returns an error describing the reason for the incompatibility.

If this ClientHelloInfo was passed to a GetConfigForClient or GetCertificate callback, this method will take into account the associated Config. Note that if GetConfigForClient returns a different Config, the change can't be accounted for by this method.

This function will call x509.ParseCertificate unless c.Leaf is set, which can incur a significant performance cost.

type ClientSessionCache

type ClientSessionCache interface {
	// Get searches for a ClientSessionState associated with the given key.
	// On return, ok is true if one was found.
	Get(sessionKey string) (session *ClientSessionState, ok bool)

	// Put adds the ClientSessionState to the cache with the given key. It might
	// get called multiple times in a connection if a TLS 1.3 server provides
	// more than one session ticket. If called with a nil *ClientSessionState,
	// it should remove the cache entry.
	Put(sessionKey string, cs *ClientSessionState)
}

ClientSessionCache is a cache of ClientSessionState objects that can be used by a client to resume a TLS session with a given server. ClientSessionCache implementations should expect to be called concurrently from different goroutines. Up to TLS 1.2, only ticket-based resumption is supported, not SessionID-based resumption. In TLS 1.3 they were merged into PSK modes, which are supported via this interface.

func NewLRUClientSessionCache

func NewLRUClientSessionCache(capacity int) ClientSessionCache

NewLRUClientSessionCache returns a ClientSessionCache with the given capacity that uses an LRU strategy. If capacity is < 1, a default capacity is used instead.

type ClientSessionState

type ClientSessionState struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

ClientSessionState contains the state needed by clients to resume TLS sessions.

type Config

type Config struct {
	// Rand provides the source of entropy for nonces and RSA blinding.
	// If Rand is nil, TLS uses the cryptographic random reader in package
	// crypto/rand.
	// The Reader must be safe for use by multiple goroutines.
	Rand io.Reader

	// Time returns the current time as the number of seconds since the epoch.
	// If Time is nil, TLS uses time.Now.
	Time func() time.Time

	// Certificates contains one or more certificate chains to present to the
	// other side of the connection. The first certificate compatible with the
	// peer's requirements is selected automatically.
	//
	// Server configurations must set one of Certificates, GetCertificate or
	// GetConfigForClient. Clients doing client-authentication may set either
	// Certificates or GetClientCertificate.
	//
	// Note: if there are multiple Certificates, and they don't have the
	// optional field Leaf set, certificate selection will incur a significant
	// per-handshake performance cost.
	Certificates []Certificate

	// NameToCertificate maps from a certificate name to an element of
	// Certificates. Note that a certificate name can be of the form
	// '*.example.com' and so doesn't have to be a domain name as such.
	//
	// Deprecated: NameToCertificate only allows associating a single
	// certificate with a given name. Leave this field nil to let the library
	// select the first compatible chain from Certificates.
	NameToCertificate map[string]*Certificate

	// GetCertificate returns a Certificate based on the given
	// ClientHelloInfo. It will only be called if the client supplies SNI
	// information or if Certificates is empty.
	//
	// If GetCertificate is nil or returns nil, then the certificate is
	// retrieved from NameToCertificate. If NameToCertificate is nil, the
	// best element of Certificates will be used.
	GetCertificate func(*ClientHelloInfo) (*Certificate, error)

	// GetClientCertificate, if not nil, is called when a server requests a
	// certificate from a client. If set, the contents of Certificates will
	// be ignored.
	//
	// If GetClientCertificate returns an error, the handshake will be
	// aborted and that error will be returned. Otherwise
	// GetClientCertificate must return a non-nil Certificate. If
	// Certificate.Certificate is empty then no certificate will be sent to
	// the server. If this is unacceptable to the server then it may abort
	// the handshake.
	//
	// GetClientCertificate may be called multiple times for the same
	// connection if renegotiation occurs or if TLS 1.3 is in use.
	GetClientCertificate func(*CertificateRequestInfo) (*Certificate, error)

	// GetConfigForClient, if not nil, is called after a ClientHello is
	// received from a client. It may return a non-nil Config in order to
	// change the Config that will be used to handle this connection. If
	// the returned Config is nil, the original Config will be used. The
	// Config returned by this callback may not be subsequently modified.
	//
	// If GetConfigForClient is nil, the Config passed to Server() will be
	// used for all connections.
	//
	// Uniquely for the fields in the returned Config, session ticket keys
	// will be duplicated from the original Config if not set.
	// Specifically, if SetSessionTicketKeys was called on the original
	// config but not on the returned config then the ticket keys from the
	// original config will be copied into the new config before use.
	// Otherwise, if SessionTicketKey was set in the original config but
	// not in the returned config then it will be copied into the returned
	// config before use. If neither of those cases applies then the key
	// material from the returned config will be used for session tickets.
	GetConfigForClient func(*ClientHelloInfo) (*Config, error)

	// VerifyPeerCertificate, if not nil, is called after normal
	// certificate verification by either a TLS client or server. It
	// receives the raw ASN.1 certificates provided by the peer and also
	// any verified chains that normal processing found. If it returns a
	// non-nil error, the handshake is aborted and that error results.
	//
	// If normal verification fails then the handshake will abort before
	// considering this callback. If normal verification is disabled by
	// setting InsecureSkipVerify, or (for a server) when ClientAuth is
	// RequestClientCert or RequireAnyClientCert, then this callback will
	// be considered but the verifiedChains argument will always be nil.
	VerifyPeerCertificate func(rawCerts [][]byte, verifiedChains [][]*x509.Certificate) error

	// RootCAs defines the set of root certificate authorities
	// that clients use when verifying server certificates.
	// If RootCAs is nil, TLS uses the host's root CA set.
	RootCAs *x509.CertPool

	// NextProtos is a list of supported application level protocols, in
	// order of preference.
	NextProtos []string

	// ServerName is used to verify the hostname on the returned
	// certificates unless InsecureSkipVerify is given. It is also included
	// in the client's handshake to support virtual hosting unless it is
	// an IP address.
	ServerName string

	// ClientAuth determines the server's policy for
	// TLS Client Authentication. The default is NoClientCert.
	ClientAuth ClientAuthType

	// ClientCAs defines the set of root certificate authorities
	// that servers use if required to verify a client certificate
	// by the policy in ClientAuth.
	ClientCAs *x509.CertPool

	// InsecureSkipVerify controls whether a client verifies the
	// server's certificate chain and host name.
	// If InsecureSkipVerify is true, TLS accepts any certificate
	// presented by the server and any host name in that certificate.
	// In this mode, TLS is susceptible to man-in-the-middle attacks.
	// This should be used only for testing.
	InsecureSkipVerify bool

	// CipherSuites is a list of supported cipher suites for TLS versions up to
	// TLS 1.2. If CipherSuites is nil, a default list of secure cipher suites
	// is used, with a preference order based on hardware performance. The
	// default cipher suites might change over Go versions. Note that TLS 1.3
	// ciphersuites are not configurable.
	CipherSuites []uint16

	// PreferServerCipherSuites controls whether the server selects the
	// client's most preferred ciphersuite, or the server's most preferred
	// ciphersuite. If true then the server's preference, as expressed in
	// the order of elements in CipherSuites, is used.
	PreferServerCipherSuites bool

	// SessionTicketsDisabled may be set to true to disable session ticket and
	// PSK (resumption) support. Note that on clients, session ticket support is
	// also disabled if ClientSessionCache is nil.
	SessionTicketsDisabled bool

	// SessionTicketKey is used by TLS servers to provide session resumption.
	// See RFC 5077 and the PSK mode of RFC 8446. If zero, it will be filled
	// with random data before the first server handshake.
	//
	// If multiple servers are terminating connections for the same host
	// they should all have the same SessionTicketKey. If the
	// SessionTicketKey leaks, previously recorded and future TLS
	// connections using that key might be compromised.
	SessionTicketKey [32]byte

	// ClientSessionCache is a cache of ClientSessionState entries for TLS
	// session resumption. It is only used by clients.
	ClientSessionCache ClientSessionCache

	// MinVersion contains the minimum TLS version that is acceptable.
	// If zero, TLS 1.0 is currently taken as the minimum.
	MinVersion uint16

	// MaxVersion contains the maximum TLS version that is acceptable.
	// If zero, the maximum version supported by this package is used,
	// which is currently TLS 1.3.
	MaxVersion uint16

	// CurvePreferences contains the elliptic curves that will be used in
	// an ECDHE handshake, in preference order. If empty, the default will
	// be used. The client will use the first preference as the type for
	// its key share in TLS 1.3. This may change in the future.
	CurvePreferences []CurveID

	// DynamicRecordSizingDisabled disables adaptive sizing of TLS records.
	// When true, the largest possible TLS record size is always used. When
	// false, the size of TLS records may be adjusted in an attempt to
	// improve latency.
	DynamicRecordSizingDisabled bool

	// Renegotiation controls what types of renegotiation are supported.
	// The default, none, is correct for the vast majority of applications.
	Renegotiation RenegotiationSupport

	// KeyLogWriter optionally specifies a destination for TLS master secrets
	// in NSS key log format that can be used to allow external programs
	// such as Wireshark to decrypt TLS connections.
	// See https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Mozilla/Projects/NSS/Key_Log_Format.
	// Use of KeyLogWriter compromises security and should only be
	// used for debugging.
	KeyLogWriter io.Writer

	// GetExtensions, if not nil, is called before a message that allows
	// sending of extensions is sent.
	// Currently only implemented for the ClientHello message (for the client)
	// and for the EncryptedExtensions message (for the server).
	// Only valid for TLS 1.3.
	GetExtensions func(handshakeMessageType uint8) []Extension

	// ReceivedExtensions, if not nil, is called when a message that allows the
	// inclusion of extensions is received.
	// It is called with an empty slice of extensions, if the message didn't
	// contain any extensions.
	// Currently only implemented for the ClientHello message (sent by the
	// client) and for the EncryptedExtensions message (sent by the server).
	// Only valid for TLS 1.3.
	ReceivedExtensions func(handshakeMessageType uint8, exts []Extension)

	// AlternativeRecordLayer is used by QUIC
	AlternativeRecordLayer RecordLayer

	// Enforce the selection of a supported application protocol.
	// Only works for TLS 1.3.
	// If enabled, client and server have to agree on an application protocol.
	// Otherwise, connection establishment fails.
	EnforceNextProtoSelection bool

	// If MaxEarlyData is greater than 0, the client will be allowed to send early
	// data when resuming a session.
	// Requires the AlternativeRecordLayer to be set.
	//
	// It has no meaning on the client.
	MaxEarlyData uint32

	// The Accept0RTT callback is called when the client offers 0-RTT.
	// The server then has to decide if it wants to accept or reject 0-RTT.
	// It is only used for servers.
	Accept0RTT func(appData []byte) bool

	// 0RTTRejected is called when the server rejectes 0-RTT.
	// It is only used for clients.
	Rejected0RTT func()

	// If set, the client will export the 0-RTT key when resuming a session that
	// allows sending of early data.
	// Requires the AlternativeRecordLayer to be set.
	//
	// It has no meaning to the server.
	Enable0RTT bool

	// Is called when the client saves a session ticket to the session ticket.
	// This gives the application the opportunity to save some data along with the ticket,
	// which can be restored when the session ticket is used.
	GetAppDataForSessionState func() []byte

	// Is called when the client uses a session ticket.
	// Restores the application data that was saved earlier on GetAppDataForSessionTicket.
	SetAppDataFromSessionState func([]byte)
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

A Config structure is used to configure a TLS client or server. After one has been passed to a TLS function it must not be modified. A Config may be reused; the tls package will also not modify it.

Example (KeyLogWriter)
package main

import (
	"crypto/tls"
	"log"
	"net/http"
	"net/http/httptest"
	"os"
)

// zeroSource is an io.Reader that returns an unlimited number of zero bytes.
type zeroSource struct{}

func (zeroSource) Read(b []byte) (n int, err error) {
	for i := range b {
		b[i] = 0
	}

	return len(b), nil
}

func main() {
	// Debugging TLS applications by decrypting a network traffic capture.

	// WARNING: Use of KeyLogWriter compromises security and should only be
	// used for debugging.

	// Dummy test HTTP server for the example with insecure random so output is
	// reproducible.
	server := httptest.NewUnstartedServer(http.HandlerFunc(func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {}))
	server.TLS = &tls.Config{
		Rand: zeroSource{}, // for example only; don't do this.
	}
	server.StartTLS()
	defer server.Close()

	// Typically the log would go to an open file:
	// w, err := os.OpenFile("tls-secrets.txt", os.O_WRONLY|os.O_CREATE|os.O_TRUNC, 0600)
	w := os.Stdout

	client := &http.Client{
		Transport: &http.Transport{
			TLSClientConfig: &tls.Config{
				KeyLogWriter: w,

				Rand:               zeroSource{}, // for reproducible output; don't do this.
				InsecureSkipVerify: true,         // test server certificate is not trusted.
			},
		},
	}
	resp, err := client.Get(server.URL)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Failed to get URL: %v", err)
	}
	resp.Body.Close()

	// The resulting file can be used with Wireshark to decrypt the TLS
	// connection by setting (Pre)-Master-Secret log filename in SSL Protocol
	// preferences.
}
Output:

Example (VerifyPeerCertificate)
package main

import (
	"crypto/tls"
	"crypto/x509"
	"errors"
)

func main() {
	// VerifyPeerCertificate can be used to replace and customize certificate
	// verification. This example shows a VerifyPeerCertificate implementation
	// that will be approximately equivalent to what crypto/tls does normally.

	config := &tls.Config{
		// Set InsecureSkipVerify to skip the default validation we are
		// replacing. This will not disable VerifyPeerCertificate.
		InsecureSkipVerify: true,

		// While packages like net/http will implicitly set ServerName, the
		// VerifyPeerCertificate callback can't access that value, so it has to be set
		// explicitly here or in VerifyPeerCertificate on the client side. If in
		// an http.Transport DialTLS callback, this can be obtained by passing
		// the addr argument to net.SplitHostPort.
		ServerName: "example.com",

		// On the server side, set ClientAuth to require client certificates (or
		// VerifyPeerCertificate will run anyway and panic accessing certs[0])
		// but not verify them with the default verifier.
		// ClientAuth: tls.RequireAnyClientCert,
	}

	config.VerifyPeerCertificate = func(certificates [][]byte, _ [][]*x509.Certificate) error {
		certs := make([]*x509.Certificate, len(certificates))
		for i, asn1Data := range certificates {
			cert, err := x509.ParseCertificate(asn1Data)
			if err != nil {
				return errors.New("tls: failed to parse certificate from server: " + err.Error())
			}
			certs[i] = cert
		}

		opts := x509.VerifyOptions{
			Roots:         config.RootCAs, // On the server side, use config.ClientCAs.
			DNSName:       config.ServerName,
			Intermediates: x509.NewCertPool(),
			// On the server side, set KeyUsages to ExtKeyUsageClientAuth. The
			// default value is appropriate for clients side verification.
			// KeyUsages:     []x509.ExtKeyUsage{x509.ExtKeyUsageClientAuth},
		}
		for _, cert := range certs[1:] {
			opts.Intermediates.AddCert(cert)
		}
		_, err := certs[0].Verify(opts)
		return err
	}

	// Note that when InsecureSkipVerify and VerifyPeerCertificate are in use,
	// ConnectionState.VerifiedChains will be nil.
}
Output:

func (*Config) BuildNameToCertificate deprecated

This method has been deprecated.
func (c *Config) BuildNameToCertificate()

BuildNameToCertificate parses c.Certificates and builds c.NameToCertificate from the CommonName and SubjectAlternateName fields of each of the leaf certificates.

Deprecated: NameToCertificate only allows associating a single certificate with a given name. Leave that field nil to let the library select the first compatible chain from Certificates.

func (*Config) Clone

func (c *Config) Clone() *Config

Clone returns a shallow clone of c. It is safe to clone a Config that is being used concurrently by a TLS client or server.

func (*Config) SetSessionTicketKeys

func (c *Config) SetSessionTicketKeys(keys [][32]byte)

SetSessionTicketKeys updates the session ticket keys for a server. The first key will be used when creating new tickets, while all keys can be used for decrypting tickets. It is safe to call this function while the server is running in order to rotate the session ticket keys. The function will panic if keys is empty.

type Conn

type Conn struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

A Conn represents a secured connection. It implements the net.Conn interface.

func Client

func Client(conn net.Conn, config *Config) *Conn

Client returns a new TLS client side connection using conn as the underlying transport. The config cannot be nil: users must set either ServerName or InsecureSkipVerify in the config.

func Dial

func Dial(network, addr string, config *Config) (*Conn, error)

Dial connects to the given network address using net.Dial and then initiates a TLS handshake, returning the resulting TLS connection. Dial interprets a nil configuration as equivalent to the zero configuration; see the documentation of Config for the defaults.

Example
package main

import (
	"crypto/tls"
	"crypto/x509"
)

func main() {
	// Connecting with a custom root-certificate set.

	const rootPEM = `
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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-----END CERTIFICATE-----`

	// First, create the set of root certificates. For this example we only
	// have one. It's also possible to omit this in order to use the
	// default root set of the current operating system.
	roots := x509.NewCertPool()
	ok := roots.AppendCertsFromPEM([]byte(rootPEM))
	if !ok {
		panic("failed to parse root certificate")
	}

	conn, err := tls.Dial("tcp", "mail.google.com:443", &tls.Config{
		RootCAs: roots,
	})
	if err != nil {
		panic("failed to connect: " + err.Error())
	}
	conn.Close()
}
Output:

func DialWithDialer

func DialWithDialer(dialer *net.Dialer, network, addr string, config *Config) (*Conn, error)

DialWithDialer connects to the given network address using dialer.Dial and then initiates a TLS handshake, returning the resulting TLS connection. Any timeout or deadline given in the dialer apply to connection and TLS handshake as a whole.

DialWithDialer interprets a nil configuration as equivalent to the zero configuration; see the documentation of Config for the defaults.

func Server

func Server(conn net.Conn, config *Config) *Conn

Server returns a new TLS server side connection using conn as the underlying transport. The configuration config must be non-nil and must include at least one certificate or else set GetCertificate.

func (*Conn) Close

func (c *Conn) Close() error

Close closes the connection.

func (*Conn) CloseWrite

func (c *Conn) CloseWrite() error

CloseWrite shuts down the writing side of the connection. It should only be called once the handshake has completed and does not call CloseWrite on the underlying connection. Most callers should just use Close.

func (*Conn) ConnectionState

func (c *Conn) ConnectionState() ConnectionState

ConnectionState returns basic TLS details about the connection.

func (*Conn) GetSessionTicket

func (c *Conn) GetSessionTicket(appData []byte) ([]byte, error)

GetSessionTicket generates a new session ticket. It should only be called after the handshake completes. It can only be used for servers, and only if the alternative record layer is set. The ticket may be nil if config.SessionTicketsDisabled is set, or if the client isn't able to receive session tickets.

func (*Conn) HandlePostHandshakeMessage

func (c *Conn) HandlePostHandshakeMessage() error

func (*Conn) Handshake

func (c *Conn) Handshake() error

Handshake runs the client or server handshake protocol if it has not yet been run. Most uses of this package need not call Handshake explicitly: the first Read or Write will call it automatically.

func (*Conn) LocalAddr

func (c *Conn) LocalAddr() net.Addr

LocalAddr returns the local network address.

func (*Conn) OCSPResponse

func (c *Conn) OCSPResponse() []byte

OCSPResponse returns the stapled OCSP response from the TLS server, if any. (Only valid for client connections.)

func (*Conn) Read

func (c *Conn) Read(b []byte) (int, error)

Read can be made to time out and return a net.Error with Timeout() == true after a fixed time limit; see SetDeadline and SetReadDeadline.

func (*Conn) RemoteAddr

func (c *Conn) RemoteAddr() net.Addr

RemoteAddr returns the remote network address.

func (*Conn) SetDeadline

func (c *Conn) SetDeadline(t time.Time) error

SetDeadline sets the read and write deadlines associated with the connection. A zero value for t means Read and Write will not time out. After a Write has timed out, the TLS state is corrupt and all future writes will return the same error.

func (*Conn) SetReadDeadline

func (c *Conn) SetReadDeadline(t time.Time) error

SetReadDeadline sets the read deadline on the underlying connection. A zero value for t means Read will not time out.

func (*Conn) SetWriteDeadline

func (c *Conn) SetWriteDeadline(t time.Time) error

SetWriteDeadline sets the write deadline on the underlying connection. A zero value for t means Write will not time out. After a Write has timed out, the TLS state is corrupt and all future writes will return the same error.

func (*Conn) VerifyHostname

func (c *Conn) VerifyHostname(host string) error

VerifyHostname checks that the peer certificate chain is valid for connecting to host. If so, it returns nil; if not, it returns an error describing the problem.

func (*Conn) Write

func (c *Conn) Write(b []byte) (int, error)

Write writes data to the connection.

type ConnectionState

type ConnectionState struct {
	Version                     uint16                // TLS version used by the connection (e.g. VersionTLS12)
	HandshakeComplete           bool                  // TLS handshake is complete
	DidResume                   bool                  // connection resumes a previous TLS connection
	CipherSuite                 uint16                // cipher suite in use (TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256, ...)
	NegotiatedProtocol          string                // negotiated next protocol (not guaranteed to be from Config.NextProtos)
	NegotiatedProtocolIsMutual  bool                  // negotiated protocol was advertised by server (client side only)
	ServerName                  string                // server name requested by client, if any (server side only)
	PeerCertificates            []*x509.Certificate   // certificate chain presented by remote peer
	VerifiedChains              [][]*x509.Certificate // verified chains built from PeerCertificates
	SignedCertificateTimestamps [][]byte              // SCTs from the peer, if any
	OCSPResponse                []byte                // stapled OCSP response from peer, if any

	Used0RTT bool // true if 0-RTT was both offered and accepted

	// TLSUnique contains the "tls-unique" channel binding value (see RFC
	// 5929, section 3). For resumed sessions this value will be nil
	// because resumption does not include enough context (see
	// https://mitls.org/pages/attacks/3SHAKE#channelbindings). This will
	// change in future versions of Go once the TLS master-secret fix has
	// been standardized and implemented. It is not defined in TLS 1.3.
	TLSUnique []byte
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

ConnectionState records basic TLS details about the connection.

func (*ConnectionState) ExportKeyingMaterial

func (cs *ConnectionState) ExportKeyingMaterial(label string, context []byte, length int) ([]byte, error)

ExportKeyingMaterial returns length bytes of exported key material in a new slice as defined in RFC 5705. If context is nil, it is not used as part of the seed. If the connection was set to allow renegotiation via Config.Renegotiation, this function will return an error.

type CurveID

type CurveID = tls.CurveID

CurveID is a tls.CurveID

const (
	CurveP256 CurveID = 23
	CurveP384 CurveID = 24
	CurveP521 CurveID = 25
	X25519    CurveID = 29
)

type EncryptionLevel

type EncryptionLevel uint8
const (
	EncryptionHandshake EncryptionLevel = iota
	Encryption0RTT
	EncryptionApplication
)

type Extension

type Extension struct {
	Type uint16
	Data []byte
}

type RecordHeaderError

type RecordHeaderError struct {
	// Msg contains a human readable string that describes the error.
	Msg string
	// RecordHeader contains the five bytes of TLS record header that
	// triggered the error.
	RecordHeader [5]byte
	// Conn provides the underlying net.Conn in the case that a client
	// sent an initial handshake that didn't look like TLS.
	// It is nil if there's already been a handshake or a TLS alert has
	// been written to the connection.
	Conn net.Conn
}

RecordHeaderError is returned when a TLS record header is invalid.

func (RecordHeaderError) Error

func (e RecordHeaderError) Error() string

type RecordLayer

type RecordLayer interface {
	SetReadKey(encLevel EncryptionLevel, suite *CipherSuiteTLS13, trafficSecret []byte)
	SetWriteKey(encLevel EncryptionLevel, suite *CipherSuiteTLS13, trafficSecret []byte)
	ReadHandshakeMessage() ([]byte, error)
	WriteRecord([]byte) (int, error)
	SendAlert(uint8)
}

A RecordLayer handles encrypting and decrypting of TLS messages.

type RenegotiationSupport

type RenegotiationSupport int

RenegotiationSupport enumerates the different levels of support for TLS renegotiation. TLS renegotiation is the act of performing subsequent handshakes on a connection after the first. This significantly complicates the state machine and has been the source of numerous, subtle security issues. Initiating a renegotiation is not supported, but support for accepting renegotiation requests may be enabled.

Even when enabled, the server may not change its identity between handshakes (i.e. the leaf certificate must be the same). Additionally, concurrent handshake and application data flow is not permitted so renegotiation can only be used with protocols that synchronise with the renegotiation, such as HTTPS.

Renegotiation is not defined in TLS 1.3.

const (
	// RenegotiateNever disables renegotiation.
	RenegotiateNever RenegotiationSupport = iota

	// RenegotiateOnceAsClient allows a remote server to request
	// renegotiation once per connection.
	RenegotiateOnceAsClient

	// RenegotiateFreelyAsClient allows a remote server to repeatedly
	// request renegotiation.
	RenegotiateFreelyAsClient
)

type SignatureScheme

type SignatureScheme = tls.SignatureScheme

SignatureScheme is a tls.SignatureScheme

const (
	// RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5 algorithms.
	PKCS1WithSHA256 SignatureScheme = 0x0401
	PKCS1WithSHA384 SignatureScheme = 0x0501
	PKCS1WithSHA512 SignatureScheme = 0x0601

	// RSASSA-PSS algorithms with public key OID rsaEncryption.
	PSSWithSHA256 SignatureScheme = 0x0804
	PSSWithSHA384 SignatureScheme = 0x0805
	PSSWithSHA512 SignatureScheme = 0x0806

	// ECDSA algorithms. Only constrained to a specific curve in TLS 1.3.
	ECDSAWithP256AndSHA256 SignatureScheme = 0x0403
	ECDSAWithP384AndSHA384 SignatureScheme = 0x0503
	ECDSAWithP521AndSHA512 SignatureScheme = 0x0603

	// EdDSA algorithms.
	Ed25519 SignatureScheme = 0x0807

	// Legacy signature and hash algorithms for TLS 1.2.
	PKCS1WithSHA1 SignatureScheme = 0x0201
	ECDSAWithSHA1 SignatureScheme = 0x0203
)

Notes

Bugs

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