functions

command module
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Published: Apr 26, 2017 License: Apache-2.0 Imports: 2 Imported by: 0

README

IronFunctions

CircleCI GoDoc

Welcome to IronFunctions! The open source serverless platform.

What is IronFunctions?

IronFunctions is an open source serverless platform, or as we like to refer to it, Functions as a Service (FaaS) platform that you can run anywhere.

What is Serverless/FaaS?

Serverless is a new paradigm in computing that enables simplicity, efficiency and scalability for both developers and operators. It's important to distinguish the two, because the benefits differ:

Benefits for developers

The main benefits that most people refer to are on the developer side and they include:

  • No servers to manage (serverless) -- you just upload your code and the platform deals with the infrastructure
  • Super simple coding -- no more monoliths! Just simple little bits of code
  • Pay by the milliseconds your code is executing -- unlike a typical application that runs 24/7, and you're paying 24/7, functions only run when needed

Since you'll be running IronFunctions yourself, the paying part may not apply, but it does apply to cost savings on your infrastructure bills as you'll read below.

Benefits for operators

If you will be operating IronFunctions (the person who has to manage the servers behind the serverless), then the benefits are different, but related.

  • Extremely efficient use of resources
    • Unlike an app/API/microservice that consumes resources 24/7 whether they are in use or not, functions are time sliced across your infrastructure and only consume resources while they are actually doing something
  • Easy to manage and scale
    • Single system for code written in any language or any technology
    • Single system to monitor
    • Scaling is the same for all functions, you don't scale each app independently
    • Scaling is simply adding more IronFunctions nodes

There is a lot more reading you can do on the topic, just search for "what is serverless" and you'll find plenty of information. We have pretty thorough post on the Iron.io blog called What is Serverless Computing and Why is it Important.

Join Our Community

Join our Slack community to get help and give feedback.

Slack Status

Quickstart

This guide will get you up and running in a few minutes.

Prequisites

  • Docker 1.12 or later installed and running
  • Logged into Docker Hub (docker login)

Run IronFunctions

To get started quickly with IronFunctions, just fire up an pedronasser/functions container:

docker run --rm -it --name functions -v ${PWD}/data:/app/data -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock -p 8080:8080 pedronasser/functions

where ${PWD}/data is the directory where the functions application data files will be stored

This will start IronFunctions in single server mode, using an embedded database and message queue. You can find all the configuration options here. If you are on Windows, check here.

CLI tool

Install the IronFunctions CLI tool:

curl -LSs https://raw.githubusercontent.com/pedronasser/functions/master/fn/install.sh | sh

This will download a shell script and execute it. If the script asks for a password, that is because it invokes sudo.

Write a Function

Functions are small, bite sized bits of code that do one simple thing. Forget about monoliths when using functions, just focus on the task that you want the function to perform.

The following is a Go function that just returns "Hello ${NAME}!":

package main

import (
	"encoding/json"
	"fmt"
	"os"
)

type Person struct {
	Name string
}

func main() {
	p := &Person{Name: "World"}
	json.NewDecoder(os.Stdin).Decode(p)
	fmt.Printf("Hello %v!", p.Name)
}

Copy and paste the code above into a file called func.go, then run the following commands to build your function and deploy it.

# create func.yaml file, replace $USERNAME with your Docker Hub username.
fn init $USERNAME/hello
# build the function
fn build
# test it - you can pass data into it too by piping it in, eg: `cat hello.payload.json | fn run`
fn run
# Once it's ready, build and push it to Docker Hub
fn build && fn push
# create an app - you only do this once per app
fn apps create myapp
# create a route that maps /hello to your new function
fn routes create myapp /hello

Now you can call your function:

curl http://localhost:8080/r/myapp/hello

Or surf to it: http://localhost:8080/r/myapp/hello

To update your function:

# update a function with a new version and push it
fn bump && fn build && fn push
# then update the route
fn routes update myapp /hello

See below for more details. And you can find a bunch of examples in various languages in the examples directory. You can also write your functions in AWS's Lambda format.

Usage

This is a more detailed explanation of the main commands you'll use in IronFunctions as a developer.

Create an Application

An application is essentially a grouping of functions, that put together, form an API. Here's how to create an app.

fn apps create myapp

Or using a cURL:

curl -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST -d '{
    "app": { "name":"myapp" }
}' http://localhost:8080/v1/apps

More on apps.

Now that we have an app, we can route endpoints to functions.

Add a Route

A route is a way to define a path in your application that maps to a function. In this example, we'll map /hello to a simple Hello World! function called iron/hello which is a function we already made that you can use -- yes, you can share functions! The source code for this function is in the examples directory. You can read more about writing your own functions here.

fn routes create myapp /hello -i iron/hello

Or using cURL:

curl -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST -d '{
    "route": {
        "path":"/hello",
        "image":"iron/hello"
    }
}' http://localhost:8080/v1/apps/myapp/routes

More on routes.

Calling your Function

Calling your function is as simple as requesting a URL. Each app has its own namespace and each route mapped to the app. The app myapp that we created above along with the /hello route we added would be called via the following URL: http://localhost:8080/r/myapp/hello

Either surf to it in your browser or use fn:

fn call myapp /hello

Or using a cURL:

curl http://localhost:8080/r/myapp/hello

Passing data into a function

Your function will get the body of the HTTP request via STDIN, and the headers of the request will be passed in as env vars. You can test a function with the CLI tool:

echo '{"name":"Johnny"}' | fn call myapp /hello

Or using cURL:

curl -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST -d '{
    "name":"Johnny"
}' http://localhost:8080/r/myapp/hello

You should see it say Hello Johnny! now instead of Hello World!.

Add an asynchronous function

IronFunctions supports synchronous function calls like we just tried above, and asynchronous for background processing.

Asynchronous function calls are great for tasks that are CPU heavy or take more than a few seconds to complete. For instance, image processing, video processing, data processing, ETL, etc. Architecturally, the main difference between synchronous and asynchronous is that requests to asynchronous functions are put in a queue and executed on upon resource availability so that they do not interfere with the fast synchronous responses required for an API. Also, since it uses a message queue, you can queue up millions of function calls without worrying about capacity as requests will just be queued up and run at some point in the future.

To add an asynchronous function, create another route with the "type":"async", for example:

curl -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST -d '{
    "route": {
        "type": "async",
        "path":"/hello-async",
        "image":"iron/hello"
    }
}' http://localhost:8080/v1/apps/myapp/routes

Now if you request this route:

curl -H "Content-Type: application/json" -X POST -d '{
    "name":"Johnny"
}' http://localhost:8080/r/myapp/hello-async

You will get a call_id in the response:

{"call_id":"572415fd-e26e-542b-846f-f1f5870034f2"}

If you watch the logs, you will see the function actually runs in the background:

async log

Read more on logging.

Functions UI

docker run --rm -it --link functions:api -p 4000:4000 -e "API_URL=http://api:8080" pedronasser/functions-ui

For more information, see: https://github.com/pedronasser/functions-ui

Writing Functions

See Writing Functions.

And you can find a bunch of examples in the /examples directory.

More Documentation

See docs/ for full documentation.

Roadmap

These are the high level roadmap goals. See milestones for detailed issues.

  • Alpha 1 - November 2016
    • Initial release of base framework
    • Lambda support
  • Alpha 2 - December 2016
    • Streaming input for hot functions #214
    • Logging endpoint(s) for per function debugging #263
  • Beta 1 - January 2017
    • Smart Load Balancer #151
  • Beta 2 - February 2017
    • Cron like scheduler #100
  • GA - March 2017

Support

You can get community support via:

You can get commercial support by contacting Iron.io

Want to contribute to IronFunctions?

See contributing.

Documentation

Overview

IronFunctions daemon

Refer to detailed documentation at https://github.com/pedronasser/functions/tree/master/docs

Environment Variables: DB_URL The database URL to use in URL format. See [Databases](databases/README.md) for more information. Default: BoltDB in current working directory `bolt.db`.

MQ_URL The message queue to use in URL format. See [Message Queues](mqs/README.md) for more information. Default: BoltDB in current working directory `queue.db`.

API_URL The primary IronFunctions API URL to that this instance will talk to. In a production environment, this would be your load balancer URL.

PORT Sets the port to run on. Default: `8080`.

NUM_ASYNC The number of async runners in the functions process (default 1).

LOG_LEVEL Set to `DEBUG` to enable debugging. Default: INFO.

Source Files

Directories

Path Synopsis
api
mqs
server
TODO: it would be nice to move these into the top level folder so people can use these with the "functions" package, eg: functions.ApiHandler TODO: it would be nice to move these into the top level folder so people can use these with the "functions" package, eg: functions.AddMiddleware(...)
TODO: it would be nice to move these into the top level folder so people can use these with the "functions" package, eg: functions.ApiHandler TODO: it would be nice to move these into the top level folder so people can use these with the "functions" package, eg: functions.AddMiddleware(...)
drivers
examples
fn
lb
test

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