gopxe

command module
Version: v0.0.0-...-1bf4c9d Latest Latest
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Published: Oct 18, 2018 License: MIT Imports: 5 Imported by: 0

README

GoPXE Project

CircleCI

Introduction

GoPXE is a dynamic build system for installing various operating systems on virtual machines and bare metal servers using pxe boot, tftp and dhcp wrapped into docker container orchestrated by APIs.

Quickstart

Download docker image

docker pull ppetko/gopxe
Configuration - edit the configuration files accordingly. Sample configs has been provided in the repo.
curl -s https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ppetko/GoPXE/master/conf/dhcpd.conf -b dhcpd.conf
curl -s https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ppetko/GoPXE/master/conf/tftpd.conf -b tftpd.conf
vi dhcpd.conf # and edit accordingly.
Start GoPXE using Docker image
sudo docker run --rm --net=host --name goPXE -td \
            --mount type=bind,source="$(pwd)"/dhcpd.conf,target=/etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf \
            --mount type=bind,source="$(pwd)"/tftpd.conf,target=/etc/xinetd.d/tftp \
            ppetko/gopxe

Build your own docker image

go get github.com/ppetko/gopxe
cd $GOPATH/src/github.com/ppetko/gopxe
sudo make docker-build

How PXE works?

  • The target host (the PXE client) is booted.
  • The target host makes a DHCP request.
  • The DHCP server responds with the IP information and provides information about the location of a TFTP server.
  • When the client receives the information, it contacts the TFTP server requesting the file that the DHCP server specified (in this case, the network boot loader).
  • The TFTP server sends the network boot loader, and the client executes it.
  • PXELINUX searches for a configuration file on the TFTP server, and boots a kernel according to that configuration file (centos7/vmlinux and centos7/vmlizimage). In this case, the configuration file instructs PXE to load the kernel (vmlinuz) and a ramdisk (initrd.img).
  • The client downloads the files it needs and then loads them.
  • The system boots the OS installer using our Kickstart service.
  • The installer runs interactively or scripted, as directed by the PXE configuration file.
  • The installer uses remote repository, or locally content from ISO file.
  • OS is installed.

APIs Reference Examples

Note: Parameters are specific to your environment.

Create BootAction
  • PXEBoot images are already configured for centos7 in pxebootImages/centos7, so these options are valid kernel:centos7/vmlinux and initrd:centos7/vmlizimage. You can add different specific version or different OS images in pxebootImages.
  • myfirstbootaction is the name of your boot action. You can create many bootactions with specific parameters as long as the names are different.
curl -vv -H "Content-Type: application/json" -d \
'{
  "default": "linux",
  "label": "linux",
  "menu": "centos7",
  "kernel": "centos7/vmlinuz",
  "ksdevice": "link",
  "ip": "dhcp",
  "load_ramdisk": "1",
  "initrd":"centos7/initrd.img"
}' -X POST localhost:9090/bootaction/myfirstbootaction

  • bootaction: myfirstbootaction will reference your bootaction created earlier.
  • ksfile - this will reference the default kickstart which is preload. You can add you own kickstart file in ksTempl/
  • os and version - will be used to build repository in the default kickstart. If you are not using the default kickstart file, leave these options empty.
  • If you want to PXEBoot using mac address instead of UUID, use "uuid": "01-YOUR-MAC-ADDRESS" option.
Create basic PXEBoot record
curl -vv  -H "Content-Type: application/json" -d \
'{
  "bootaction": "myfirstbootaction",
  "ksfile": "default",
  "os": "centos-7",
  "version": "7.5.1804",
  "hostname": "test-myvm.local",
  "uuid": "42330d5a-0ead-f7fa-4e3a-ae3bdcb08c69"
}' http://localhost:9090/pxeboot

  • hostname, ip, mask, ns1, ns2, gw, will be used to build network configuration in the default kickstart
Create PXEBoot record with network options
  • You can view all bxeboot at http://localhost:9090/pxelinux/
curl -vv  -H "Content-Type: application/json" -d \
'{
  "bootaction": "vmtemplate",
  "ksfile": "default",
  "os": "centos-7",
  "version": "7.5.1804",
  "hostname": "test-myvm1.local",
  "ip": "10.1.20.50",
  "mask": "255.255.255.0",
  "ns1": "8.8.8.8",
  "ns2": "8.8.4.4",
  "gw": "10.1.20.1",
  "uuid": "42330d5a-0ead-f7fa-4e3a-ae3bdcb08c69"
}' http://localhost:9090/pxeboot

Results
default linux
 label linux
 MENU LABEL centos7
 KERNEL centos7/vmlinuz
 APPEND ksdevice=link ip=dhcp load_ramdisk=1 initrd=centos7/initrd.img ks=http://localhost:9090/kickstart/?name=default&os=centos-7&version=7.5.1804&fqdn=test-myvm1.local&ip=10.1.20.50&mask=255.255.255.0&gw=255.255.255.0&ns1=8.8.8.8&ns2=8.8.4.4

Setup local install images

# wget http://mirror.cc.columbia.edu/pub/linux/centos/7/isos/x86_64/CentOS-7-x86_64-Minimal-1804.iso
# mkdir /mnt/iso
# mount -t iso9660 -o loop CentOS-7-x86_64-Minimal-1804.iso  /mnt/iso/

Once you have all files in /mnt/iso/, start and mount /mnt/iso/ inside the docker container.
sudo docker run --rm --net=host --name goPXE -td \
            --mount type=bind,source="$(pwd)"/conf/dhcpd.conf,target=/etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf \
            --mount type=bind,source="$(pwd)"/conf/tftpd.conf,target=/etc/xinetd.d/tftp \
            --mount type=bind,source="/mnt/iso/",target=/opt/localrepo \
            ppetko/gopxe

TODO

  • Add function documentation and godocs generation.
  • Add test code coverage for the rest of the code base.
  • Add piplene build for the project.

RoadMap

  • Create Ansible hook - API endpoint that accepts ansible run configs per specific host.
  • Create status output of the job and perhaps synch the results back to the db.
  • Add Status dashboard
  • Manage(start, stop, restart) dhcpd and tftpd processes from the main application instead of bash
  • Output logs to html web page from dhcpd and the rest of the app so the user could easily troubleshoot.
  • Add Notifications/Status API (calling home with errors type)
  • Add multi OS support. Add paramerts for pxelinux.0. Currenly we can configure only one OS at the time.

Notes

  • Currently suported OS is CentOS/RedHat by the default installation. But you could reconfigure GoPXE for any other OS of choice.

Pull requests welcome!

If you'd like to contribute to the project, refer to the contributing documentation.

License

Creative Commons Attribution License

Documentation

The Go Gopher

There is no documentation for this package.

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