gobreaker

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Version: v0.5.0 Latest Latest
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Published: Oct 21, 2021 License: MIT Imports: 4 Imported by: 226

README

gobreaker

GoDoc

gobreaker implements the Circuit Breaker pattern in Go.

Installation

go get github.com/sony/gobreaker

Usage

The struct CircuitBreaker is a state machine to prevent sending requests that are likely to fail. The function NewCircuitBreaker creates a new CircuitBreaker.

func NewCircuitBreaker(st Settings) *CircuitBreaker

You can configure CircuitBreaker by the struct Settings:

type Settings struct {
	Name          string
	MaxRequests   uint32
	Interval      time.Duration
	Timeout       time.Duration
	ReadyToTrip   func(counts Counts) bool
	OnStateChange func(name string, from State, to State)
	IsSuccessful  func(err error) bool
}
  • Name is the name of the CircuitBreaker.

  • MaxRequests is the maximum number of requests allowed to pass through when the CircuitBreaker is half-open. If MaxRequests is 0, CircuitBreaker allows only 1 request.

  • Interval is the cyclic period of the closed state for CircuitBreaker to clear the internal Counts, described later in this section. If Interval is 0, CircuitBreaker doesn't clear the internal Counts during the closed state.

  • Timeout is the period of the open state, after which the state of CircuitBreaker becomes half-open. If Timeout is 0, the timeout value of CircuitBreaker is set to 60 seconds.

  • ReadyToTrip is called with a copy of Counts whenever a request fails in the closed state. If ReadyToTrip returns true, CircuitBreaker will be placed into the open state. If ReadyToTrip is nil, default ReadyToTrip is used. Default ReadyToTrip returns true when the number of consecutive failures is more than 5.

  • OnStateChange is called whenever the state of CircuitBreaker changes.

  • IsSuccessful is called with the error returned from a request. If IsSuccessful returns true, the error is counted as a success. Otherwise the error is counted as a failure. If IsSuccessful is nil, default IsSuccessful is used, which returns false for all non-nil errors.

The struct Counts holds the numbers of requests and their successes/failures:

type Counts struct {
	Requests             uint32
	TotalSuccesses       uint32
	TotalFailures        uint32
	ConsecutiveSuccesses uint32
	ConsecutiveFailures  uint32
}

CircuitBreaker clears the internal Counts either on the change of the state or at the closed-state intervals. Counts ignores the results of the requests sent before clearing.

CircuitBreaker can wrap any function to send a request:

func (cb *CircuitBreaker) Execute(req func() (interface{}, error)) (interface{}, error)

The method Execute runs the given request if CircuitBreaker accepts it. Execute returns an error instantly if CircuitBreaker rejects the request. Otherwise, Execute returns the result of the request. If a panic occurs in the request, CircuitBreaker handles it as an error and causes the same panic again.

Example

var cb *breaker.CircuitBreaker

func Get(url string) ([]byte, error) {
	body, err := cb.Execute(func() (interface{}, error) {
		resp, err := http.Get(url)
		if err != nil {
			return nil, err
		}

		defer resp.Body.Close()
		body, err := ioutil.ReadAll(resp.Body)
		if err != nil {
			return nil, err
		}

		return body, nil
	})
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	return body.([]byte), nil
}

See example for details.

License

The MIT License (MIT)

See LICENSE for details.

Documentation

Overview

Package gobreaker implements the Circuit Breaker pattern. See https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dn589784.aspx.

Index

Constants

This section is empty.

Variables

View Source
var (
	// ErrTooManyRequests is returned when the CB state is half open and the requests count is over the cb maxRequests
	ErrTooManyRequests = errors.New("too many requests")
	// ErrOpenState is returned when the CB state is open
	ErrOpenState = errors.New("circuit breaker is open")
)

Functions

This section is empty.

Types

type CircuitBreaker

type CircuitBreaker struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

CircuitBreaker is a state machine to prevent sending requests that are likely to fail.

func NewCircuitBreaker

func NewCircuitBreaker(st Settings) *CircuitBreaker

NewCircuitBreaker returns a new CircuitBreaker configured with the given Settings.

func (*CircuitBreaker) Counts added in v0.5.0

func (cb *CircuitBreaker) Counts() Counts

Counts returns internal counters

func (*CircuitBreaker) Execute

func (cb *CircuitBreaker) Execute(req func() (interface{}, error)) (interface{}, error)

Execute runs the given request if the CircuitBreaker accepts it. Execute returns an error instantly if the CircuitBreaker rejects the request. Otherwise, Execute returns the result of the request. If a panic occurs in the request, the CircuitBreaker handles it as an error and causes the same panic again.

func (*CircuitBreaker) Name

func (cb *CircuitBreaker) Name() string

Name returns the name of the CircuitBreaker.

func (*CircuitBreaker) State

func (cb *CircuitBreaker) State() State

State returns the current state of the CircuitBreaker.

type Counts

type Counts struct {
	Requests             uint32
	TotalSuccesses       uint32
	TotalFailures        uint32
	ConsecutiveSuccesses uint32
	ConsecutiveFailures  uint32
}

Counts holds the numbers of requests and their successes/failures. CircuitBreaker clears the internal Counts either on the change of the state or at the closed-state intervals. Counts ignores the results of the requests sent before clearing.

type Settings

type Settings struct {
	Name          string
	MaxRequests   uint32
	Interval      time.Duration
	Timeout       time.Duration
	ReadyToTrip   func(counts Counts) bool
	OnStateChange func(name string, from State, to State)
	IsSuccessful  func(err error) bool
}

Settings configures CircuitBreaker:

Name is the name of the CircuitBreaker.

MaxRequests is the maximum number of requests allowed to pass through when the CircuitBreaker is half-open. If MaxRequests is 0, the CircuitBreaker allows only 1 request.

Interval is the cyclic period of the closed state for the CircuitBreaker to clear the internal Counts. If Interval is less than or equal to 0, the CircuitBreaker doesn't clear internal Counts during the closed state.

Timeout is the period of the open state, after which the state of the CircuitBreaker becomes half-open. If Timeout is less than or equal to 0, the timeout value of the CircuitBreaker is set to 60 seconds.

ReadyToTrip is called with a copy of Counts whenever a request fails in the closed state. If ReadyToTrip returns true, the CircuitBreaker will be placed into the open state. If ReadyToTrip is nil, default ReadyToTrip is used. Default ReadyToTrip returns true when the number of consecutive failures is more than 5.

OnStateChange is called whenever the state of the CircuitBreaker changes.

IsSuccessful is called with the error returned from a request. If IsSuccessful returns true, the error is counted as a success. Otherwise the error is counted as a failure. If IsSuccessful is nil, default IsSuccessful is used, which returns false for all non-nil errors.

type State

type State int

State is a type that represents a state of CircuitBreaker.

const (
	StateClosed State = iota
	StateHalfOpen
	StateOpen
)

These constants are states of CircuitBreaker.

func (State) String

func (s State) String() string

String implements stringer interface.

type TwoStepCircuitBreaker

type TwoStepCircuitBreaker struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

TwoStepCircuitBreaker is like CircuitBreaker but instead of surrounding a function with the breaker functionality, it only checks whether a request can proceed and expects the caller to report the outcome in a separate step using a callback.

func NewTwoStepCircuitBreaker

func NewTwoStepCircuitBreaker(st Settings) *TwoStepCircuitBreaker

NewTwoStepCircuitBreaker returns a new TwoStepCircuitBreaker configured with the given Settings.

func (*TwoStepCircuitBreaker) Allow

func (tscb *TwoStepCircuitBreaker) Allow() (done func(success bool), err error)

Allow checks if a new request can proceed. It returns a callback that should be used to register the success or failure in a separate step. If the circuit breaker doesn't allow requests, it returns an error.

func (*TwoStepCircuitBreaker) Counts added in v0.5.0

func (tscb *TwoStepCircuitBreaker) Counts() Counts

Counts returns internal counters

func (*TwoStepCircuitBreaker) Name

func (tscb *TwoStepCircuitBreaker) Name() string

Name returns the name of the TwoStepCircuitBreaker.

func (*TwoStepCircuitBreaker) State

func (tscb *TwoStepCircuitBreaker) State() State

State returns the current state of the TwoStepCircuitBreaker.

Source Files

Directories

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