jobservice

command
Version: v1.8.6 Latest Latest
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Published: Nov 15, 2019 License: Apache-2.0 Imports: 13 Imported by: 0

README

Job Service

Job service is designed to handle and process the asynchronous background jobs with an easy way. It is built on top of gocraft/work job queue framework with supporting

  • Fast and efficient.
  • Reliable - don't lose jobs even if your process crashes.
  • If a job fails, it will be retried a specified number of times.
  • Schedule jobs to happen in the future.
  • Enqueue unique jobs so that only one job with a given name/arguments exists in the queue at once.
  • Periodically enqueue jobs on a cron-like schedule.

and the following additional capabilities:

  • Rest API.
  • Execution context.
  • More job status: error,success,stopped,cancelled and scheduled.
  • More controllable actions: stop and cancel.
  • Enhanced periodical jobs.
  • Status web hook.

Use cases

With job service, you can:

  • Submit a Generic job which will be executed immediately if worker resource is available and can be only execute once.
  • Submit a Scheduled job which will be executed after a specified delay.
  • Submit a Periodic job which will be repeatedly executed with specified interval.
  • Submit job with unique flag to make sure no duplicated jobs are executing at the same time.
  • Stop a specified job.
  • Cancel a specified job.
  • Retry a specified job (This should be a failed job and match the retrying criteria).
  • Get stats of specified job (no list jobs function).
  • Get execution log of specified job (It depends on the logger implementation).
  • Check the health status of job service.(No authentication required, it can be used as health check endpoint)

Architecture

The overall architecture of the job service is shown in the below graph:

js arch

Components:

  • API Server: A go lightweight restful API server to serve the related restful requests.
  • Configuration Manager: Responsible for handing the configurations used in job services. Two sources supported: yaml file and env variables.
  • Bootstrap: Take the responsibilities to initialize related context and start API server and worker pool. The main start point of job service.
  • Controller: The core of job service. Responsible for coordinating the whole flow of job service.
  • Job Launcher : Launch the jobs except Periodic ones.
  • Scheduler: Schedules the Periodic jobs.
  • Logger: A flexible logger framework. It will catch and write the job execution logs to the configured backends.
  • Stats Manager: Maintains the status and stats of jobs as well as status hooks.
  • Data Backend: Define storage methods to store the additional info.
  • Pool Driver: A interface layer to broke the functions of upstream job queue framework to upper layers.
  • Persistent driver: So far, only support redis.

Currently, the worker (compute node) and controller (control plane) are packaged in one process. To achieve scalability and HA functionality, multiple nodes can be deployed under a LB layer.

js deployment

As described in above graph, the controller and work pool which are located in different nodes can also talk to each other via a virtual channel - the backend persistent driver. That means the job enqueued by a controller may be selected by other worker pool which is located in another node.

Programming Model

To let the job service recognize the job, the implementation of job should follow the programming model.

Job Interface

A valid job must implement the job interface. For the details of each method defined in the job interface, you can refer the comments attached with the method.

// Interface defines the related injection and run entry methods.
type Interface interface {
	// Declare how many times the job can be retried if failed.
	//
	// Return:
	// uint: the failure count allowed. If it is set to 0, then default value 4 is used.
	MaxFails() uint

	// Tell the worker pool if retry the failed job when the fails is
	// still less that the number declared by the method 'MaxFails'.
	//
	// Returns:
	//  true for retry and false for none-retry
	ShouldRetry() bool

	// Indicate whether the parameters of job are valid.
	//
	// Return:
	// error if parameters are not valid. NOTES: If no parameters needed, directly return nil.
	Validate(params map[string]interface{}) error

	// Run the business logic here.
	// The related arguments will be injected by the workerpool.
	//
	// ctx env.JobContext            : Job execution context.
	// params map[string]interface{} : parameters with key-pair style for the job execution.
	//
	// Returns:
	//  error if failed to run. NOTES: If job is stopped or cancelled, a specified error should be returned
	//
	Run(ctx env.JobContext, params map[string]interface{}) error
}

Just pay attention, your main logic should be written in the Run method.

Job Context

A job context will be provided when executed the Run logic. With this context, you can

  • Get a logger handle if you want to output the execution log to the log backends.
  • Retrieve the system context reference.
  • Get job operation signal if your job supports stop and cancel.
  • Get the checkin func to check in message.
  • Get properties by key
  • Specified to harbor, db connection and all the configurations can be retrieved by context.
Cancellable Job

To make the job cancellable, some special logic should be coded in the Run logic.

First, check the signal at certain execution points,

if cmd, ok := ctx.OPCommand(); ok {}

Then, check if it is a cancel signal,

if cmd == opm.CtlCommandCancel {}

finally, if it is, exit the logic and return the cancel error.

return errs.JobCancelledError()
Stoppable Job

To make the job stoppable, some special logic should be coded in the Run logic.

First, check the signal at certain execution points,

if cmd, ok := ctx.OPCommand(); ok {}

Then, check if it is a stop signal,

if cmd == opm.CtlCommandStop {}

finally, if it is, exit the logic and return the cancel error.

return errs.JobStoppedError()
Check In Message

If you want to report more concrete status info, just call the Checkin function in the job context like the below code piece shown:

ctx.Checkin("30%")
Job Implementation Sample

Here is a demo job:

// DemoJob is the job to demostrate the job interface.
type DemoJob struct{}

// MaxFails is implementation of same method in Interface.
func (dj *DemoJob) MaxFails() uint {
	return 3
}

// ShouldRetry ...
func (dj *DemoJob) ShouldRetry() bool {
	return true
}

// Validate is implementation of same method in Interface.
func (dj *DemoJob) Validate(params map[string]interface{}) error {
	if params == nil || len(params) == 0 {
		return errors.New("parameters required for replication job")
	}
	name, ok := params["image"]
	if !ok {
		return errors.New("missing parameter 'image'")
	}

	if !strings.HasPrefix(name.(string), "demo") {
		return fmt.Errorf("expected '%s' but got '%s'", "demo steven", name)
	}

	return nil
}

// Run the replication logic here.
func (dj *DemoJob) Run(ctx env.JobContext, params map[string]interface{}) error {
	logger := ctx.GetLogger()

	defer func() {
		logger.Info("I'm finished, exit!")
		fmt.Println("I'm finished, exit!")
	}()
	fmt.Println("I'm running")
	logger.Info("=======Replication job running=======")
	logger.Infof("params: %#v\n", params)
	logger.Infof("context: %#v\n", ctx)
	if v, ok := ctx.Get("email_from"); ok {
		fmt.Printf("Get prop form context: email_from=%s\n", v)
	}
	if u, err := dao.GetUser(models.User{}); err == nil {
		fmt.Printf("u=%#+v\n", u)
	}

	/*if 1 != 0 {
		return errors.New("I suicide")
	}*/
	// runtime error
	// var runtime_err error = nil
	// fmt.Println(runtime_err.Error())

	logger.Info("check in 30%")
	ctx.Checkin("30%")
	time.Sleep(2 * time.Second)
	logger.Warning("check in 60%")
	ctx.Checkin("60%")
	time.Sleep(2 * time.Second)
	logger.Debug("check in 100%")
	ctx.Checkin("100%")
	time.Sleep(1 * time.Second)

	// HOLD ON FOR A WHILE
	logger.Error("Holding for 20 sec")
	<-time.After(15 * time.Second)
	// logger.Fatal("I'm back, check if I'm stopped/cancelled")

	if cmd, ok := ctx.OPCommand(); ok {
		logger.Infof("cmd=%s\n", cmd)
		fmt.Printf("Receive OP command: %s\n", cmd)
		if cmd == opm.CtlCommandCancel {
			logger.Info("exit for receiving cancel signal")
			return errs.JobCancelledError()
		}

		logger.Info("exit for receiving stop signal")
		return errs.JobStoppedError()
	}

	fmt.Println("I'm close to end")

	return nil
}

Job Execution

Job execution is used to track the jobs which are related to a specified job, like parent and children jobs. If one job has executions, the following two extra properties will be appended to the job stats.

{
      "job": {
          "executions": ["uuid-sub-job"],
          "multiple_executions": true
      }
}

For the job execution/sub job, there will be an extra property upstream_job_id pointing to id of the upstream (/parent) job.

{
      "job": {
          "upstream_job_id": "parent-id"
      }
}

Under that situation, the flag multiple_executions will be set to be true. The list executions will contain all the ids of the executions (/sub jobs).

General job

Any jobs can launch new jobs through the launch function in the job context. All those jobs will be tracked as sub jobs (executions) of the caller job.


func (j *Job) Run(ctx env.JobContext, params map[string]interface{}) error{
    // ...
    subJob, err := ctx.LaunchJob(models.JobRequest{})
    // ...

    return nil
}

Periodic job

The job launched with Periodic kind is actually a scheduled job template which will be not run directly. The real running job will be created by cloning the configurations from the job template and run. And then each periodic job will have multiple job executions with independent id and each job execution will link to the Periodic job by the upstream_job_id.

Logger

There are two loggers here. One is for job service itself and another one is for the running jobs. Each logger can configure multi logger backends.

Each backend logger is identified by an unique name which will be used in the logger configurations to enable the corresponding loggers. Meanwhile, each backend logger MUST implement the logger.Interface. A logger can also support (optional):

  • sweeper: Sweep the outdated logs. A sweeper MUST implement sweeper.Interface
  • getter: Get the specified log data. A getter MUST implement getter.Interface

All the backend loggers SHOULD onboard via the static logger registry.

// knownLoggers is a static logger registry.
// All the implemented loggers (w/ sweeper) should be registered
// with an unique name in this registry. Then they can be used to
// log info.
var knownLoggers = map[string]*Declaration{
	// File logger
	LoggerNameFile: {FileFactory, FileSweeperFactory, FileGetterFactory, false},
	// STD output(both stdout and stderr) logger
	LoggerNameStdOutput: {StdFactory, nil, nil, true},
}

So far, only the following two backends are supported:

  • STD_OUTPUT: Output the log to the std stream (stdout/stderr)
  • FILE: Output the log to the log files
    • sweeper supports
    • getter supports
Configure loggers

Logger configuration options:

Option Description
loggers[x].name The unique name of the logger backend
loggers[x].level The logger level of the logger backend
loggers[x].settings A hash map to pass extra settings of the logger backend. Depends on the implementation of the backend.
loggers[x].sweeper.duration The duration of the sweeper looping
loggers[x].sweeper.settings A hash map to pass extra settings of the sweeper. Depends on the implementation of sweeper.

An example:

#Loggers
loggers:
  - name: "STD_OUTPUT" # logger backend name, only support "FILE" and "STD_OUTPUT"
    level: "DEBUG" # INFO/DEBUG/WARNING/ERROR/FATAL
  - name: "FILE"
    level: "DEBUG"
    settings: # Customized settings of logger
      base_dir: "/tmp/job_logs"
    sweeper:
      duration: 1 #days
      settings: # Customized settings of sweeper
        work_dir: "/tmp/job_logs"

Configuration

The following configuration options are supported:

Option Description ENV variable
protocol Protocol used to serve http JOB_SERVICE_PROTOCOL
https_config.cert The tls cert if enabled https protocol JOB_SERVICE_HTTPS_CERT
https_config.key The tls key if enabled https protocol JOB_SERVICE_HTTPS_KEY
port API server listening port JOB_SERVICE_PORT
worker_pool.worker_pool The worker concurrency number JOB_SERVICE_POOL_WORKERS
worker_pool.backend The job data persistent backend driver. So far, only redis supported JOB_SERVICE_POOL_BACKEND
worker_pool.redis_pool.redis_url The redis url if backend is redis JOB_SERVICE_POOL_REDIS_URL
worker_pool.redis_pool.namespace The namespace used in redis JOB_SERVICE_POOL_REDIS_NAMESPACE
loggers Loggers for job service itself. Refer to Configure loggers
job_loggers Loggers for the running jobs. Refer to Configure loggers
core_server The harbor core server endpoint which used to retrieve Harbor configures CORE_URL
Sample
---
#Protocol used to serve
protocol: "https"

#Config certification if use 'https' protocol
https_config:
  cert: "server.crt"
  key: "server.key"

#Server listening port
port: 9443

#Worker pool
worker_pool:
  #Worker concurrency
  workers: 10
  backend: "redis"
  #Additional config if use 'redis' backend
  redis_pool:
    #redis://[arbitrary_username:password@]ipaddress:port/database_index
    #or ipaddress:port[,weight,password,database_index]
    redis_url: "localhost:6379"
    namespace: "harbor_job_service"

#Loggers for the running job
job_loggers:
  - name: "STD_OUTPUT" # logger backend name, only support "FILE" and "STD_OUTPUT"
    level: "DEBUG" # INFO/DEBUG/WARNING/ERROR/FATAL
  - name: "FILE"
    level: "DEBUG"
    settings: # Customized settings of logger
      base_dir: "/tmp/job_logs"
    sweeper:
      duration: 1 #days
      settings: # Customized settings of sweeper
        work_dir: "/tmp/job_logs"

#Loggers for the job service
loggers:
  - name: "STD_OUTPUT" # Same with above
    level: "DEBUG"

API

Authorization

As job service is always running in the backend environment, a simple secret auth way is choose now. To call the job service API, the Authorization header must be appended.

Authorization : Harbor-Secret <secret>

The expected secret is passed to job service by the ENV variable CORE_SECRET.

Endpoints
POST /api/v1/jobs

Submit jobs

  • Request body
{
    "job": {
        "name": "demo",
        "parameters": {
            "p1": "just a demo"
        },
        "status_hook": "https://my-hook.com",
        "metadata": {
            "kind": "Generic", // or "Scheduled" or "Periodic"
            "schedule_delay": 90, // seconds, only required when kind is "Scheduled"
            "cron_spec": "* 5 * * * *", // only required when kind is "Periodic"
            "unique": false
        }
    }
}
  • Response

    • 202 Accepted
    {
        "job": {
            "id": "uuid-job",
            "status": "pending",
            "name": "DEMO",
            "kind": "Generic",
            "unique": false,
            "ref_link": "/api/v1/jobs/uuid-job",
            "enqueue_time": "2018-10-10 12:00:00",
            "update_time": "2018-10-10 13:00:00",
            "multiple_executions": false // To indicate if the job has sub executions
        }
    }
    
    • 401/500 Error
    {
        "code": 500,
        "err": "short error message",
        "description": "detailed error message"
    }
    
GET /api/v1/jobs/{job_id}

Get job stats

  • Response

    • 200 OK
    {
        "job": {
            "id": "uuid-job",
            "status": "pending",
            "name": "DEMO",
            "kind": "Periodic",
            "unique": false,
            "ref_link": "/api/v1/jobs/uuid-job",
            "enqueue_time": 1539164886,
            "update_time": 1539164886,
            "run_at": 1539164986,
            "cron_spec": "* 5 * * * * ",
            "check_in": "check in message", // if check in message
            "check_in_at": 1539164889, // if check in message
            "die_at": 0,
            "hook_status": "http://status-check.com",
            "executions": ["uuid-sub-job"], // the ids of sub executions of the job
            "multiple_executions": true
        }
    }
    
    • 401/500 Error
    {
        "code": 500,
        "err": "short error message",
        "description": "detailed error message"
    }
    
POST /api/v1/jobs/{job_id}

Stop/Cancel/Retry job

  • Request body
{
    "action": "stop" //or "cancel" or "retry"
}
  • Response

    • 204 No content
    • 401/404/500/501 Error
    {
        "code": 500,
        "err": "short error message",
        "description": "detailed error message"
    }
    
GET /api/v1/jobs/{job_id}/log

Retrieve job log

  • Response

    • 200 OK

    Log text bytes

    • 401/400/404/500 Error
    {
        "code": 500,
        "err": "short error message",
        "description": "detailed error message"
    }
    
GET /api/v1/stats

Check job service healthy status

  • Response

    • 200 OK
    [{
        "worker_pool_id": "pool1",
        "started_at": 1539164886,
        "heartbeat_at": 1539164986,
        "job_names": ["DEMO"],
        "concurrency": 10,
        "status": "healthy"
    }]
    
    • 401/500 Error
    {
        "code": 500,
        "err": "short error message",
        "description": "detailed error message"
    }
    

How to Run

It's easy to run the job service.

  • First, compile and build the binary
// under jobservice folder
go build -a -o jobservice
  • Second, create configuration yaml file and configure the job service.

  • Then, export the secret via ENV variable CORE_SECRET.

  • Finally, start the service with the following command,

jobservice -c <config_yaml_file_path>

Enjoy it!

Documentation

The Go Gopher

There is no documentation for this package.

Source Files

Directories

Path Synopsis
common
rds
utils
Package utils provides reusable and sharable utilities for other packages and components.
Package utils provides reusable and sharable utilities for other packages and components.
Package config provides functions to handle the configurations of job service.
Package config provides functions to handle the configurations of job service.
Package core provides the main job operation interface and components.
Package core provides the main job operation interface and components.
Package errs define some system errors with specified types.
Package errs define some system errors with specified types.
job
Package tests provide test utilities
Package tests provide test utilities

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