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Published: Dec 14, 2021 License: Apache-2.0 Imports: 19 Imported by: 0


kspan - Turning Kubernetes Events into spans

This project is a Work In Progress, under active evolution.

Most Kubernetes components produce Events when something interesting happens. This program turns those Events into OpenTelemetry Spans, joining them up by causality and grouping them together into Traces.

Example: rollout of a Deployment of two Pods:


The picture was generated by kspan and Jaeger; it is a visualisation of the events generated from kubectl apply. kspan has identified five different sources of events, and has joined up the events for starting each Pod underneath the ReplicaSet scaling operation that created it.

We start with this concrete information:

  • Each Event has an Involved Object, e.g. when Kubelet sends a "Started" event, the Involved Object is a Pod.
  • Every Kubernetes object can have one or more Owner References. So for instance we can walk from the Pod up to a Deployment that caused it to be created.


  • We cannot expect events to arrive in the ideal order; we need to delay handling some until their "parent" arrives to make sense.


  • If we recently saw an event from an owner, that probably caused this event in the owned object. We set the child-of relationship on the new span.
  • A couple of specific events, from ReplicationSet and StatefulSet, are reported on the owner but make more sense as events on the sub-object they mention.
  • An event can be marked in its annotations as the start of a trace.
  • If we have walked the owner chain up to an object with no owner, no recent event, then start a new trace.
    • Trace ID is hashed from UID of this object + its generation

For future consideration:

  • We can match up resourceVersion between event and object.
    • do we need to?

To run Jaeger locally:

docker run -d --name jaeger -p 16686:16686 -p 55680:55680 jaegertracing/opentelemetry-all-in-one

Join in the fun!

If you have any questions about, or feedback on kspan:

Your feedback is always welcome!


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Path Synopsis
Tiny utility to mock time.Now() for testing
Tiny utility to mock time.Now() for testing

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