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Published: Jun 18, 2018 License: Apache-2.0, BSD-3-Clause Imports: 8 Imported by: 21


The Snappy compression format in the Go programming language.

To download and install from source:
$ go get

Unless otherwise noted, the Snappy-Go source files are distributed
under the BSD-style license found in the LICENSE file.


The golang/snappy benchmarks include compressing (Z) and decompressing (U) ten
or so files, the same set used by the C++ Snappy code (
and note the "google", not "golang"). On an "Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-3770 CPU @
3.40GHz", Go's GOARCH=amd64 numbers as of 2016-05-29:

"go test -test.bench=."

_UFlat0-8         2.19GB/s ± 0%  html
_UFlat1-8         1.41GB/s ± 0%  urls
_UFlat2-8         23.5GB/s ± 2%  jpg
_UFlat3-8         1.91GB/s ± 0%  jpg_200
_UFlat4-8         14.0GB/s ± 1%  pdf
_UFlat5-8         1.97GB/s ± 0%  html4
_UFlat6-8          814MB/s ± 0%  txt1
_UFlat7-8          785MB/s ± 0%  txt2
_UFlat8-8          857MB/s ± 0%  txt3
_UFlat9-8          719MB/s ± 1%  txt4
_UFlat10-8        2.84GB/s ± 0%  pb
_UFlat11-8        1.05GB/s ± 0%  gaviota

_ZFlat0-8         1.04GB/s ± 0%  html
_ZFlat1-8          534MB/s ± 0%  urls
_ZFlat2-8         15.7GB/s ± 1%  jpg
_ZFlat3-8          740MB/s ± 3%  jpg_200
_ZFlat4-8         9.20GB/s ± 1%  pdf
_ZFlat5-8          991MB/s ± 0%  html4
_ZFlat6-8          379MB/s ± 0%  txt1
_ZFlat7-8          352MB/s ± 0%  txt2
_ZFlat8-8          396MB/s ± 1%  txt3
_ZFlat9-8          327MB/s ± 1%  txt4
_ZFlat10-8        1.33GB/s ± 1%  pb
_ZFlat11-8         605MB/s ± 1%  gaviota

"go test -test.bench=. -tags=noasm"

_UFlat0-8          621MB/s ± 2%  html
_UFlat1-8          494MB/s ± 1%  urls
_UFlat2-8         23.2GB/s ± 1%  jpg
_UFlat3-8         1.12GB/s ± 1%  jpg_200
_UFlat4-8         4.35GB/s ± 1%  pdf
_UFlat5-8          609MB/s ± 0%  html4
_UFlat6-8          296MB/s ± 0%  txt1
_UFlat7-8          288MB/s ± 0%  txt2
_UFlat8-8          309MB/s ± 1%  txt3
_UFlat9-8          280MB/s ± 1%  txt4
_UFlat10-8         753MB/s ± 0%  pb
_UFlat11-8         400MB/s ± 0%  gaviota

_ZFlat0-8          409MB/s ± 1%  html
_ZFlat1-8          250MB/s ± 1%  urls
_ZFlat2-8         12.3GB/s ± 1%  jpg
_ZFlat3-8          132MB/s ± 0%  jpg_200
_ZFlat4-8         2.92GB/s ± 0%  pdf
_ZFlat5-8          405MB/s ± 1%  html4
_ZFlat6-8          179MB/s ± 1%  txt1
_ZFlat7-8          170MB/s ± 1%  txt2
_ZFlat8-8          189MB/s ± 1%  txt3
_ZFlat9-8          164MB/s ± 1%  txt4
_ZFlat10-8         479MB/s ± 1%  pb
_ZFlat11-8         270MB/s ± 1%  gaviota

For comparison (Go's encoded output is byte-for-byte identical to C++'s), here
are the numbers from C++ Snappy's

make CXXFLAGS="-O2 -DNDEBUG -g" clean snappy_unittest.log && cat snappy_unittest.log

BM_UFlat/0     2.4GB/s  html
BM_UFlat/1     1.4GB/s  urls
BM_UFlat/2    21.8GB/s  jpg
BM_UFlat/3     1.5GB/s  jpg_200
BM_UFlat/4    13.3GB/s  pdf
BM_UFlat/5     2.1GB/s  html4
BM_UFlat/6     1.0GB/s  txt1
BM_UFlat/7   959.4MB/s  txt2
BM_UFlat/8     1.0GB/s  txt3
BM_UFlat/9   864.5MB/s  txt4
BM_UFlat/10    2.9GB/s  pb
BM_UFlat/11    1.2GB/s  gaviota

BM_ZFlat/0   944.3MB/s  html (22.31 %)
BM_ZFlat/1   501.6MB/s  urls (47.78 %)
BM_ZFlat/2    14.3GB/s  jpg (99.95 %)
BM_ZFlat/3   538.3MB/s  jpg_200 (73.00 %)
BM_ZFlat/4     8.3GB/s  pdf (83.30 %)
BM_ZFlat/5   903.5MB/s  html4 (22.52 %)
BM_ZFlat/6   336.0MB/s  txt1 (57.88 %)
BM_ZFlat/7   312.3MB/s  txt2 (61.91 %)
BM_ZFlat/8   353.1MB/s  txt3 (54.99 %)
BM_ZFlat/9   289.9MB/s  txt4 (66.26 %)
BM_ZFlat/10    1.2GB/s  pb (19.68 %)
BM_ZFlat/11  527.4MB/s  gaviota (37.72 %)



Package snappy implements the snappy block-based compression format. It aims for very high speeds and reasonable compression.

The C++ snappy implementation is at



This section is empty.


View Source
var (
	// ErrCorrupt reports that the input is invalid.
	ErrCorrupt = errors.New("snappy: corrupt input")
	// ErrTooLarge reports that the uncompressed length is too large.
	ErrTooLarge = errors.New("snappy: decoded block is too large")
	// ErrUnsupported reports that the input isn't supported.
	ErrUnsupported = errors.New("snappy: unsupported input")


func Decode

func Decode(dst, src []byte) ([]byte, error)

Decode returns the decoded form of src. The returned slice may be a sub- slice of dst if dst was large enough to hold the entire decoded block. Otherwise, a newly allocated slice will be returned.

The dst and src must not overlap. It is valid to pass a nil dst.

func DecodedLen

func DecodedLen(src []byte) (int, error)

DecodedLen returns the length of the decoded block.

func Encode

func Encode(dst, src []byte) []byte

Encode returns the encoded form of src. The returned slice may be a sub- slice of dst if dst was large enough to hold the entire encoded block. Otherwise, a newly allocated slice will be returned.

The dst and src must not overlap. It is valid to pass a nil dst.

func MaxEncodedLen

func MaxEncodedLen(srcLen int) int

MaxEncodedLen returns the maximum length of a snappy block, given its uncompressed length.

It will return a negative value if srcLen is too large to encode.


type Reader

type Reader struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields

Reader is an io.Reader that can read Snappy-compressed bytes.

func NewReader

func NewReader(r io.Reader) *Reader

NewReader returns a new Reader that decompresses from r, using the framing format described at

func (*Reader) ClearError

func (r *Reader) ClearError()

func (*Reader) Read

func (r *Reader) Read(p []byte) (int, error)

Read satisfies the io.Reader interface.

func (*Reader) Reset

func (r *Reader) Reset(reader io.Reader)

Reset discards any buffered data, resets all state, and switches the Snappy reader to read from r. This permits reusing a Reader rather than allocating a new one.

type Writer

type Writer struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields

Writer is an io.Writer that can write Snappy-compressed bytes.

func NewBufferedWriter

func NewBufferedWriter(w io.Writer) *Writer

NewBufferedWriter returns a new Writer that compresses to w, using the framing format described at

The Writer returned buffers writes. Users must call Close to guarantee all data has been forwarded to the underlying io.Writer. They may also call Flush zero or more times before calling Close.

func NewWriter deprecated

func NewWriter(w io.Writer) *Writer

NewWriter returns a new Writer that compresses to w.

The Writer returned does not buffer writes. There is no need to Flush or Close such a Writer.

Deprecated: the Writer returned is not suitable for many small writes, only for few large writes. Use NewBufferedWriter instead, which is efficient regardless of the frequency and shape of the writes, and remember to Close that Writer when done.

func (*Writer) Close

func (w *Writer) Close() error

Close calls Flush and then closes the Writer.

func (*Writer) Flush

func (w *Writer) Flush() error

Flush flushes the Writer to its underlying io.Writer.

func (*Writer) Reset

func (w *Writer) Reset(writer io.Writer)

Reset discards the writer's state and switches the Snappy writer to write to w. This permits reusing a Writer rather than allocating a new one.

func (*Writer) Write

func (w *Writer) Write(p []byte) (nRet int, errRet error)

Write satisfies the io.Writer interface.

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