clipboard

package module
Version: v0.5.3 Latest Latest
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Published: Sep 22, 2021 License: MIT Imports: 11 Imported by: 9

README

clipboard PkgGoDev clipboard

Cross platform (macOS/Linux/Windows/Android/iOS) clipboard package in Go

import "golang.design/x/clipboard"

Features

  • Cross platform supports: macOS, Linux (X11), Windows, iOS, and Android
  • Copy/paste UTF-8 text
  • Copy/paste PNG encoded images (Desktop-only)
  • Command gclip as a demo application
  • Mobile app gclip-gui as a demo application

API Usage

Package clipboard provides three major APIs for manipulating the clipboard: Read, Write, and Watch. The most common operations are Read and Write. To use them, you can:

// write/read text format data of the clipboard, and
// the byte buffer regarding the text are UTF8 encoded.
clipboard.Write(clipboard.FmtText, []byte("text data"))
clipboard.Read(clipboard.FmtText)

// write/read image format data of the clipboard, and
// the byte buffer regarding the image are PNG encoded.
clipboard.Write(clipboard.FmtImage, []byte("image data"))
clipboard.Read(clipboard.FmtImage)

Note that read/write regarding image format assumes that the bytes are PNG encoded since it serves the alpha blending purpose that might be used in other graphical software.

In addition, clipboard.Write returns a channel that can receive an empty struct as a signal, which indicates the corresponding write call to the clipboard is outdated, meaning the clipboard has been overwritten by others and the previously written data is lost. For instance:

changed := clipboard.Write(clipboard.FmtText, []byte("text data"))

select {
case <-changed:
      println(`"text data" is no longer available from clipboard.`)
}

You can ignore the returning channel if you don't need this type of notification. Furthermore, when you need more than just knowing whether clipboard data is changed, use the watcher API:

ch := clipboard.Watch(context.TODO(), clipboard.FmtText)
for data := range ch {
      // print out clipboard data whenever it is changed
      println(string(data))
}

Demos

  • A command line tool gclip for command line clipboard accesses, see document here.
  • A GUI application gclip-gui for functionality verifications on mobile systems, see a document here.

Command Usage

gclip command offers the ability to interact with the system clipboard from the shell. To install:

$ go install golang.design/x/clipboard/cmd/gclip@latest
$ gclip
gclip is a command that provides clipboard interaction.

usage: gclip [-copy|-paste] [-f <file>]

options:
  -copy
        copy data to clipboard
  -f string
        source or destination to a given file path
  -paste
        paste data from clipboard

examples:
gclip -paste                    paste from clipboard and prints the content
gclip -paste -f x.txt           paste from clipboard and save as text to x.txt
gclip -paste -f x.png           paste from clipboard and save as image to x.png

cat x.txt | gclip -copy         copy content from x.txt to clipboard
gclip -copy -f x.txt            copy content from x.txt to clipboard
gclip -copy -f x.png            copy x.png as image data to clipboard

If -copy is used, the command will exit when the data is no longer available from the clipboard. You can always send the command to the background using a shell & operator, for example:

$ cat x.txt | gclip -copy &

Platform Specific Details

This package spent efforts to provide cross platform abstraction regarding accessing system clipboards, but here are a few details you might need to know.

Dependency
  • macOS: require Cgo, no dependency
  • Linux: require X11 dev package. For instance, install libx11-dev or xorg-dev or libX11-devel to access X window system.
  • Windows: no Cgo, no dependency
  • iOS/Android: collaborate with gomobile
Screenshot

In general, when you need test your implementation regarding images, There are system level shortcuts to put screenshot image into your system clipboard:

  • On macOS, use Ctrl+Shift+Cmd+4
  • On Linux/Ubuntu, use Ctrl+Shift+PrintScreen
  • On Windows, use Shift+Win+s

As described in the API documentation, the package supports read/write UTF8 encoded plain text or PNG encoded image data. Thus, the other types of data are not supported yet, i.e. undefined behavior.

Who is using this package?

The main purpose of building this package is to support the midgard project, which offers clipboard-based features like universal clipboard service that syncs clipboard content across multiple systems, allocating public accessible for clipboard content, etc.

To know more projects, check our wiki page.

License

MIT | © 2021 The golang.design Initiative Authors, written by Changkun Ou.

Documentation

Overview

Package clipboard provides cross platform clipboard access and supports macOS/Linux/Windows/Android/iOS platform. There are three major APIs to interact with the clipboard: `Read`, `Write`, and `Watch`.

The most common operations are `Read` and `Write`. To use them:

// write/read text format data of the clipboard, and
// the byte buffer regarding the text are UTF8 encoded.
clipboard.Write(clipboard.FmtText, []byte("text data"))
clipboard.Read(clipboard.FmtText)

// write/read image format data of the clipboard, and
// the byte buffer regarding the image are PNG encoded.
clipboard.Write(clipboard.FmtImage, []byte("image data"))
clipboard.Read(clipboard.FmtImage)

Note that read/write regarding image format assumes that the bytes are PNG encoded since it serves the alpha blending purpose that might be used in other graphical software.

In addition, `clipboard.Write` returns a channel that can receive an empty struct as a signal, which indicates the corresponding write call to the clipboard is outdated, meaning the clipboard has been overwritten by others and the previously written data is lost. For instance:

changed := clipboard.Write(clipboard.FmtText, []byte("text data"))

select {
case <-changed:
	println(`"text data" is no longer available from clipboard.`)
}

You can ignore the returning channel if you don't need this type of notification. Furthermore, when you need more than just knowing whether clipboard data is changed, use the watcher API:

ch := clipboard.Watch(context.TODO(), clipboard.FmtText)
for data := range ch {
	// print out clipboard data whenever it is changed
	println(string(data))
}

Index

Examples

Constants

This section is empty.

Variables

This section is empty.

Functions

func Read

func Read(t Format) []byte

Read returns a chunk of bytes of the clipboard data if it presents in the desired format t presents. Otherwise, it returns nil.

Example
package main

import (
	"fmt"

	"golang.design/x/clipboard"
)

func main() {
	fmt.Println(string(clipboard.Read(clipboard.FmtText)))
}
Output:

Hello, 世界

func Watch added in v0.3.0

func Watch(ctx context.Context, t Format) <-chan []byte

Watch returns a receive-only channel that received the clipboard data whenever any change of clipboard data in the desired format happens.

The returned channel will be closed if the given context is canceled.

Example
package main

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"time"

	"golang.design/x/clipboard"
)

func main() {
	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(context.Background(), time.Second*2)
	defer cancel()

	changed := clipboard.Watch(context.Background(), clipboard.FmtText)
	go func(ctx context.Context) {
		clipboard.Write(clipboard.FmtText, []byte("你好,world"))
	}(ctx)
	fmt.Println(string(<-changed))
}
Output:

你好,world

func Write

func Write(t Format, buf []byte) <-chan struct{}

Write writes a given buffer to the clipboard in a specified format. Write returned a receive-only channel can receive an empty struct as a signal, which indicates the clipboard has been overwritten from this write. If format t indicates an image, then the given buf assumes the image data is PNG encoded.

Example
package main

import (
	"golang.design/x/clipboard"
)

func main() {
	clipboard.Write(clipboard.FmtText, []byte("Hello, 世界"))
}
Output:

Types

type Format added in v0.3.0

type Format int

Format represents the format of clipboard data.

const (
	// FmtText indicates plain text clipboard format
	FmtText Format = iota
	// FmtImage indicates image/png clipboard format
	FmtImage
)

All sorts of supported clipboard data

Directories

Path Synopsis
cmd
gclip-gui
This is a very basic example for verification purpose that demonstrates how the golang.design/x/clipboard can interact with macOS/Linux/Windows/Android/iOS system clipboard.
This is a very basic example for verification purpose that demonstrates how the golang.design/x/clipboard can interact with macOS/Linux/Windows/Android/iOS system clipboard.
internal
cgo
Package cgo is an implementation of golang.org/issue/37033.
Package cgo is an implementation of golang.org/issue/37033.

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