gomote

command
Version: v0.0.0-...-55e2c41 Latest Latest
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Published: Feb 6, 2023 License: BSD-3-Clause Imports: 33 Imported by: 0

README

Go Reference

golang.org/x/build/cmd/gomote

The gomote command is a client for the Go builder infrastructure.

Documentation

Overview

The gomote command is a client for the Go builder infrastructure. It's a remote control for remote Go builder machines.

See https://golang.org/wiki/Gomote

Usage:

gomote [global-flags] cmd [cmd-flags]

For example,
$ gomote create openbsd-amd64-60
user-username-openbsd-amd64-60-0
$ gomote push user-username-openbsd-amd64-60-0
$ gomote run user-username-openbsd-amd64-60-0 go/src/make.bash
$ gomote run user-username-openbsd-amd64-60-0 go/bin/go test -v -short os

To list the subcommands, run "gomote" without arguments:

Commands:

  create     create a buildlet; with no args, list types of buildlets
  destroy    destroy a buildlet
  gettar     extract a tar.gz from a buildlet
  list       list active buildlets
  ls         list the contents of a directory on a buildlet
  ping       test whether a buildlet is alive and reachable
  push       sync your GOROOT directory to the buildlet
  put        put files on a buildlet
  put14      put Go 1.4 in place
  puttar     extract a tar.gz to a buildlet
  rm         delete files or directories
  rdp        RDP (Remote Desktop Protocol) to a Windows buildlet
  run        run a command on a buildlet
  ssh        ssh to a buildlet

To list all the builder types available, run "create" with no arguments:

$ gomote create
(list tons of buildlet types)

The "gomote run" command has many of its own flags:

$ gomote run -h
run usage: gomote run [run-opts] <instance> <cmd> [args...]
  -builderenv string
        Optional alternate builder to act like. Must share the same
        underlying buildlet host type, or it's an error. For
        instance, linux-amd64-race is compatible
        with linux-amd64, but openbsd-amd64 and openbsd-386 are
        different hosts.
  -debug
        write debug info about the command's execution before it begins
  -dir string
        Directory to run from. Defaults to the directory of the
        command, or the work directory if -system is true.
  -e value
        Environment variable KEY=value. The -e flag may be repeated
        multiple times to add multiple things to the environment.
  -path string
        Comma-separated list of ExecOpts.Path elements. The special
        string 'EMPTY' means to run without any $PATH. The empty
        string (default) does not modify the $PATH. Otherwise, the
        following expansions apply: the string '$PATH' expands to
        the current PATH element(s), the substring '$WORKDIR'
        expands to the buildlet's temp workdir.
  -system
        run inside the system, and not inside the workdir; this is implicit if cmd starts with '/'

Debugging buildlets directly

Using "gomote create" contacts the build coordinator (farmer.golang.org) and requests that it create the buildlet on your behalf. All subsequent commands (such as "gomote run" or "gomote ls") then proxy your request via the coordinator. To access a buildlet directly (for example, when working on the buildlet code), you can skip the "gomote create" step and use the special builder name "<build-config-name>@ip[:port>", such as "windows-amd64-2008@10.1.5.3".

Groups

Instances may be managed in named groups, and commands are broadcast to all instances in the group.

A group is specified either by the -group global flag or through the GOMOTE_GROUP environment variable. The -group flag must always specify a valid group, whereas GOMOTE_GROUP may contain an invalid group. Instances may be part of more than one group.

Groups may be explicitly managed with the "group" subcommand, but there are several short-cuts that make this unnecessary in most cases:

  • The create command can create a new group for instances with the -new-group flag.
  • The create command will automatically create the group in GOMOTE_GROUP if it does not exist and no other group is explicitly specified.
  • The destroy command can destroy a group in addition to its instances with the -destroy-group flag.

As a result, the easiest way to use groups is to just set the GOMOTE_GROUP environment variable:

$ export GOMOTE_GROUP=debug
$ gomote create linux-amd64
$ GOROOT=/path/to/goroot gomote create linux-amd64
$ gomote run go/src/make.bash

As this example demonstrates, groups are useful even if the group contains only a single instance: it can dramatically shorten most gomote commands.

Tips and tricks

  • The create command accepts the -setup flag which also pushes a GOROOT and runs the appropriate equivalent of "make.bash" for the instance.
  • The create command accepts the -count flag for creating several instances at once.
  • The run command accepts the -collect flag for automatically writing the output from the command to a file in $PWD, as well as a copy of the full file tree from the instance. This command is useful for capturing the output of long-running commands in a set-and-forget manner.
  • The run command accepts the -until flag for continuously executing a command until the output of the command matches some pattern. Useful for reproducing rare issues, and especially useful when used in tandem with -collect.
  • The run command always streams output to a temporary file regardless of any additional flags to avoid losing output due to terminal scrollback. It always prints the location of the file.

Using some of these tricks, it's straightforward to hammer at some test to reproduce a rare failure, like so:

$ export GOMOTE_GROUP=debug
$ GOROOT=/path/to/goroot gomote create -setup -count=10 linux-amd64
$ gomote run -until='unexpected return pc' -collect go/bin/go run -run="MyFlakyTest" -count=100 runtime

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