Package chacha20poly1305 implements the ChaCha20-Poly1305 AEAD and its extended nonce variant XChaCha20-Poly1305, as specified in RFC 8439 and draft-irtf-cfrg-xchacha-01.




View Source
const (
	// KeySize is the size of the key used by this AEAD, in bytes.
	KeySize = 32

	// NonceSize is the size of the nonce used with the standard variant of this
	// AEAD, in bytes.
	// Note that this is too short to be safely generated at random if the same
	// key is reused more than 2³² times.
	NonceSize = 12

	// NonceSizeX is the size of the nonce used with the XChaCha20-Poly1305
	// variant of this AEAD, in bytes.
	NonceSizeX = 24


This section is empty.


func New

func New(key []byte) (cipher.AEAD, error)

New returns a ChaCha20-Poly1305 AEAD that uses the given 256-bit key.

func NewX

func NewX(key []byte) (cipher.AEAD, error)

NewX returns a XChaCha20-Poly1305 AEAD that uses the given 256-bit key.

XChaCha20-Poly1305 is a ChaCha20-Poly1305 variant that takes a longer nonce, suitable to be generated randomly without risk of collisions. It should be preferred when nonce uniqueness cannot be trivially ensured, or whenever nonces are randomly generated.

// key should be randomly generated or derived from a function like Argon2.
key := make([]byte, KeySize)
if _, err := cryptorand.Read(key); err != nil {

aead, err := NewX(key)
if err != nil {

// Encryption.
var encryptedMsg []byte
	msg := []byte("Gophers, gophers, gophers everywhere!")

	// Select a random nonce, and leave capacity for the ciphertext.
	nonce := make([]byte, aead.NonceSize(), aead.NonceSize()+len(msg)+aead.Overhead())
	if _, err := cryptorand.Read(nonce); err != nil {

	// Encrypt the message and append the ciphertext to the nonce.
	encryptedMsg = aead.Seal(nonce, nonce, msg, nil)

// Decryption.
	if len(encryptedMsg) < aead.NonceSize() {
		panic("ciphertext too short")

	// Split nonce and ciphertext.
	nonce, ciphertext := encryptedMsg[:aead.NonceSize()], encryptedMsg[aead.NonceSize():]

	// Decrypt the message and check it wasn't tampered with.
	plaintext, err := aead.Open(nil, nonce, ciphertext, nil)
	if err != nil {

	fmt.Printf("%s\n", plaintext)

Gophers, gophers, gophers everywhere!


This section is empty.