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Published: Mar 4, 2024 License: BSD-3-Clause Imports: 6 Imported by: 2,485



Package singleflight provides a duplicate function call suppression mechanism.




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type Group

type Group struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields

Group represents a class of work and forms a namespace in which units of work can be executed with duplicate suppression.

g := new(Group)

block := make(chan struct{})
res1c := g.DoChan("key", func() (interface{}, error) {
	return "func 1", nil
res2c := g.DoChan("key", func() (interface{}, error) {
	return "func 2", nil

res1 := <-res1c
res2 := <-res2c

// Results are shared by functions executed with duplicate keys.
fmt.Println("Shared:", res2.Shared)
// Only the first function is executed: it is registered and started with "key",
// and doesn't complete before the second funtion is registered with a duplicate key.
fmt.Println("Equal results:", res1.Val.(string) == res2.Val.(string))
fmt.Println("Result:", res1.Val)

Shared: true
Equal results: true
Result: func 1

func (*Group) Do

func (g *Group) Do(key string, fn func() (interface{}, error)) (v interface{}, err error, shared bool)

Do executes and returns the results of the given function, making sure that only one execution is in-flight for a given key at a time. If a duplicate comes in, the duplicate caller waits for the original to complete and receives the same results. The return value shared indicates whether v was given to multiple callers.

func (*Group) DoChan

func (g *Group) DoChan(key string, fn func() (interface{}, error)) <-chan Result

DoChan is like Do but returns a channel that will receive the results when they are ready.

The returned channel will not be closed.

func (*Group) Forget

func (g *Group) Forget(key string)

Forget tells the singleflight to forget about a key. Future calls to Do for this key will call the function rather than waiting for an earlier call to complete.

type Result

type Result struct {
	Val    interface{}
	Err    error
	Shared bool

Result holds the results of Do, so they can be passed on a channel.

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