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Published: May 20, 2024 License: Apache-2.0 Imports: 2 Imported by: 101



Package spanner aliases all exported identifiers in package "".

Deprecated: Please use types in: Please read for more details.



View Source
const (
	ExecuteSqlRequest_NORMAL                                = src.ExecuteSqlRequest_NORMAL
	ExecuteSqlRequest_PLAN                                  = src.ExecuteSqlRequest_PLAN
	ExecuteSqlRequest_PROFILE                               = src.ExecuteSqlRequest_PROFILE
	PlanNode_KIND_UNSPECIFIED                               = src.PlanNode_KIND_UNSPECIFIED
	PlanNode_RELATIONAL                                     = src.PlanNode_RELATIONAL
	PlanNode_SCALAR                                         = src.PlanNode_SCALAR
	RequestOptions_PRIORITY_HIGH                            = src.RequestOptions_PRIORITY_HIGH
	RequestOptions_PRIORITY_LOW                             = src.RequestOptions_PRIORITY_LOW
	RequestOptions_PRIORITY_MEDIUM                          = src.RequestOptions_PRIORITY_MEDIUM
	RequestOptions_PRIORITY_UNSPECIFIED                     = src.RequestOptions_PRIORITY_UNSPECIFIED
	TransactionOptions_ReadWrite_OPTIMISTIC                 = src.TransactionOptions_ReadWrite_OPTIMISTIC
	TransactionOptions_ReadWrite_PESSIMISTIC                = src.TransactionOptions_ReadWrite_PESSIMISTIC
	TransactionOptions_ReadWrite_READ_LOCK_MODE_UNSPECIFIED = src.TransactionOptions_ReadWrite_READ_LOCK_MODE_UNSPECIFIED
	TypeAnnotationCode_PG_JSONB                             = src.TypeAnnotationCode_PG_JSONB
	TypeAnnotationCode_PG_NUMERIC                           = src.TypeAnnotationCode_PG_NUMERIC
	TypeCode_ARRAY                                          = src.TypeCode_ARRAY
	TypeCode_BOOL                                           = src.TypeCode_BOOL
	TypeCode_BYTES                                          = src.TypeCode_BYTES
	TypeCode_DATE                                           = src.TypeCode_DATE
	TypeCode_FLOAT64                                        = src.TypeCode_FLOAT64
	TypeCode_INT64                                          = src.TypeCode_INT64
	TypeCode_JSON                                           = src.TypeCode_JSON
	TypeCode_NUMERIC                                        = src.TypeCode_NUMERIC
	TypeCode_STRING                                         = src.TypeCode_STRING
	TypeCode_STRUCT                                         = src.TypeCode_STRUCT
	TypeCode_TIMESTAMP                                      = src.TypeCode_TIMESTAMP
	TypeCode_TYPE_CODE_UNSPECIFIED                          = src.TypeCode_TYPE_CODE_UNSPECIFIED

Deprecated: Please use consts in:


View Source
var (
	ExecuteSqlRequest_QueryMode_name                = src.ExecuteSqlRequest_QueryMode_name
	ExecuteSqlRequest_QueryMode_value               = src.ExecuteSqlRequest_QueryMode_value
	File_google_spanner_v1_commit_response_proto    = src.File_google_spanner_v1_commit_response_proto
	File_google_spanner_v1_keys_proto               = src.File_google_spanner_v1_keys_proto
	File_google_spanner_v1_mutation_proto           = src.File_google_spanner_v1_mutation_proto
	File_google_spanner_v1_query_plan_proto         = src.File_google_spanner_v1_query_plan_proto
	File_google_spanner_v1_result_set_proto         = src.File_google_spanner_v1_result_set_proto
	File_google_spanner_v1_spanner_proto            = src.File_google_spanner_v1_spanner_proto
	File_google_spanner_v1_transaction_proto        = src.File_google_spanner_v1_transaction_proto
	File_google_spanner_v1_type_proto               = src.File_google_spanner_v1_type_proto
	PlanNode_Kind_name                              = src.PlanNode_Kind_name
	PlanNode_Kind_value                             = src.PlanNode_Kind_value
	RequestOptions_Priority_name                    = src.RequestOptions_Priority_name
	RequestOptions_Priority_value                   = src.RequestOptions_Priority_value
	TransactionOptions_ReadWrite_ReadLockMode_name  = src.TransactionOptions_ReadWrite_ReadLockMode_name
	TransactionOptions_ReadWrite_ReadLockMode_value = src.TransactionOptions_ReadWrite_ReadLockMode_value
	TypeAnnotationCode_name                         = src.TypeAnnotationCode_name
	TypeAnnotationCode_value                        = src.TypeAnnotationCode_value
	TypeCode_name                                   = src.TypeCode_name
	TypeCode_value                                  = src.TypeCode_value

Deprecated: Please use vars in:


func RegisterSpannerServer deprecated

func RegisterSpannerServer(s *grpc.Server, srv SpannerServer)

Deprecated: Please use funcs in:


type BatchCreateSessionsRequest deprecated

type BatchCreateSessionsRequest = src.BatchCreateSessionsRequest

The request for [BatchCreateSessions][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.BatchCreateSessions].

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type BatchCreateSessionsResponse deprecated

type BatchCreateSessionsResponse = src.BatchCreateSessionsResponse

The response for [BatchCreateSessions][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.BatchCreateSessions].

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type BeginTransactionRequest deprecated

type BeginTransactionRequest = src.BeginTransactionRequest

The request for [BeginTransaction][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.BeginTransaction].

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type CommitRequest deprecated

type CommitRequest = src.CommitRequest

The request for [Commit][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.Commit].

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type CommitRequest_SingleUseTransaction

type CommitRequest_SingleUseTransaction = src.CommitRequest_SingleUseTransaction

type CommitRequest_TransactionId

type CommitRequest_TransactionId = src.CommitRequest_TransactionId

type CommitResponse deprecated

type CommitResponse = src.CommitResponse

The response for [Commit][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.Commit].

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type CommitResponse_CommitStats deprecated

type CommitResponse_CommitStats = src.CommitResponse_CommitStats

Additional statistics about a commit.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type CreateSessionRequest deprecated

type CreateSessionRequest = src.CreateSessionRequest

The request for [CreateSession][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.CreateSession].

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type DeleteSessionRequest deprecated

type DeleteSessionRequest = src.DeleteSessionRequest

The request for [DeleteSession][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.DeleteSession].

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type ExecuteBatchDmlRequest deprecated

type ExecuteBatchDmlRequest = src.ExecuteBatchDmlRequest

The request for [ExecuteBatchDml][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.ExecuteBatchDml].

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type ExecuteBatchDmlRequest_Statement deprecated

type ExecuteBatchDmlRequest_Statement = src.ExecuteBatchDmlRequest_Statement

A single DML statement.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type ExecuteBatchDmlResponse deprecated

type ExecuteBatchDmlResponse = src.ExecuteBatchDmlResponse

The response for [ExecuteBatchDml][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.ExecuteBatchDml]. Contains a list of ResultSet[google.spanner.v1.ResultSet] messages, one for each DML statement that has successfully executed, in the same order as the statements in the request. If a statement fails, the status in the response body identifies the cause of the failure. To check for DML statements that failed, use the following approach: 1. Check the status in the response message. The [google.rpc.Code][google.rpc.Code] enum value `OK` indicates that all statements were executed successfully. 2. If the status was not `OK`, check the number of result sets in the response. If the response contains `N` ResultSet[google.spanner.v1.ResultSet] messages, then statement `N+1` in the request failed. Example 1: * Request: 5 DML statements, all executed successfully. * Response: 5 ResultSet[google.spanner.v1.ResultSet] messages, with the status `OK`. Example 2: - Request: 5 DML statements. The third statement has a syntax error. - Response: 2 ResultSet[google.spanner.v1.ResultSet] messages, and a syntax error (`INVALID_ARGUMENT`) status. The number of ResultSet[google.spanner.v1.ResultSet] messages indicates that the third statement failed, and the fourth and fifth statements were not executed.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type ExecuteSqlRequest deprecated

type ExecuteSqlRequest = src.ExecuteSqlRequest

The request for [ExecuteSql][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.ExecuteSql] and [ExecuteStreamingSql][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.ExecuteStreamingSql].

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type ExecuteSqlRequest_QueryMode deprecated

type ExecuteSqlRequest_QueryMode = src.ExecuteSqlRequest_QueryMode

Mode in which the statement must be processed.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type ExecuteSqlRequest_QueryOptions deprecated

type ExecuteSqlRequest_QueryOptions = src.ExecuteSqlRequest_QueryOptions

Query optimizer configuration.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type GetSessionRequest deprecated

type GetSessionRequest = src.GetSessionRequest

The request for [GetSession][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.GetSession].

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type KeyRange deprecated

type KeyRange = src.KeyRange

KeyRange represents a range of rows in a table or index. A range has a start key and an end key. These keys can be open or closed, indicating if the range includes rows with that key. Keys are represented by lists, where the ith value in the list corresponds to the ith component of the table or index primary key. Individual values are encoded as described [here][google.spanner.v1.TypeCode]. For example, consider the following table definition: CREATE TABLE UserEvents ( UserName STRING(MAX), EventDate STRING(10) ) PRIMARY KEY(UserName, EventDate); The following keys name rows in this table: ["Bob", "2014-09-23"] ["Alfred", "2015-06-12"] Since the `UserEvents` table's `PRIMARY KEY` clause names two columns, each `UserEvents` key has two elements; the first is the `UserName`, and the second is the `EventDate`. Key ranges with multiple components are interpreted lexicographically by component using the table or index key's declared sort order. For example, the following range returns all events for user `"Bob"` that occurred in the year 2015: "start_closed": ["Bob", "2015-01-01"] "end_closed": ["Bob", "2015-12-31"] Start and end keys can omit trailing key components. This affects the inclusion and exclusion of rows that exactly match the provided key components: if the key is closed, then rows that exactly match the provided components are included; if the key is open, then rows that exactly match are not included. For example, the following range includes all events for `"Bob"` that occurred during and after the year 2000: "start_closed": ["Bob", "2000-01-01"] "end_closed": ["Bob"] The next example retrieves all events for `"Bob"`: "start_closed": ["Bob"] "end_closed": ["Bob"] To retrieve events before the year 2000: "start_closed": ["Bob"] "end_open": ["Bob", "2000-01-01"] The following range includes all rows in the table: "start_closed": [] "end_closed": [] This range returns all users whose `UserName` begins with any character from A to C: "start_closed": ["A"] "end_open": ["D"] This range returns all users whose `UserName` begins with B: "start_closed": ["B"] "end_open": ["C"] Key ranges honor column sort order. For example, suppose a table is defined as follows: CREATE TABLE DescendingSortedTable { Key INT64, ... ) PRIMARY KEY(Key DESC); The following range retrieves all rows with key values between 1 and 100 inclusive: "start_closed": ["100"] "end_closed": ["1"] Note that 100 is passed as the start, and 1 is passed as the end, because `Key` is a descending column in the schema.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type KeyRange_EndClosed

type KeyRange_EndClosed = src.KeyRange_EndClosed

type KeyRange_EndOpen

type KeyRange_EndOpen = src.KeyRange_EndOpen

type KeyRange_StartClosed

type KeyRange_StartClosed = src.KeyRange_StartClosed

type KeyRange_StartOpen

type KeyRange_StartOpen = src.KeyRange_StartOpen

type KeySet deprecated

type KeySet = src.KeySet

`KeySet` defines a collection of Cloud Spanner keys and/or key ranges. All the keys are expected to be in the same table or index. The keys need not be sorted in any particular way. If the same key is specified multiple times in the set (for example if two ranges, two keys, or a key and a range overlap), Cloud Spanner behaves as if the key were only specified once.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type ListSessionsRequest deprecated

type ListSessionsRequest = src.ListSessionsRequest

The request for [ListSessions][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.ListSessions].

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type ListSessionsResponse deprecated

type ListSessionsResponse = src.ListSessionsResponse

The response for [ListSessions][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.ListSessions].

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type Mutation deprecated

type Mutation = src.Mutation

A modification to one or more Cloud Spanner rows. Mutations can be applied to a Cloud Spanner database by sending them in a [Commit][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.Commit] call.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type Mutation_Delete deprecated

type Mutation_Delete = src.Mutation_Delete

Arguments to [delete][google.spanner.v1.Mutation.delete] operations.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type Mutation_Delete_

type Mutation_Delete_ = src.Mutation_Delete_

type Mutation_Insert

type Mutation_Insert = src.Mutation_Insert

type Mutation_InsertOrUpdate

type Mutation_InsertOrUpdate = src.Mutation_InsertOrUpdate

type Mutation_Replace

type Mutation_Replace = src.Mutation_Replace

type Mutation_Update

type Mutation_Update = src.Mutation_Update

type Mutation_Write deprecated

type Mutation_Write = src.Mutation_Write

Arguments to [insert][google.spanner.v1.Mutation.insert], [update][google.spanner.v1.Mutation.update], [insert_or_update][google.spanner.v1.Mutation.insert_or_update], and [replace][google.spanner.v1.Mutation.replace] operations.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type PartialResultSet deprecated

type PartialResultSet = src.PartialResultSet

Partial results from a streaming read or SQL query. Streaming reads and SQL queries better tolerate large result sets, large rows, and large values, but are a little trickier to consume.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type Partition deprecated

type Partition = src.Partition

Information returned for each partition returned in a PartitionResponse.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type PartitionOptions deprecated

type PartitionOptions = src.PartitionOptions

Options for a PartitionQueryRequest and PartitionReadRequest.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type PartitionQueryRequest deprecated

type PartitionQueryRequest = src.PartitionQueryRequest

The request for [PartitionQuery][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.PartitionQuery]

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type PartitionReadRequest deprecated

type PartitionReadRequest = src.PartitionReadRequest

The request for [PartitionRead][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.PartitionRead]

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type PartitionResponse deprecated

type PartitionResponse = src.PartitionResponse

The response for [PartitionQuery][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.PartitionQuery] or [PartitionRead][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.PartitionRead]

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type PlanNode deprecated

type PlanNode = src.PlanNode

Node information for nodes appearing in a [QueryPlan.plan_nodes][google.spanner.v1.QueryPlan.plan_nodes].

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type PlanNode_ChildLink = src.PlanNode_ChildLink

Metadata associated with a parent-child relationship appearing in a PlanNode[google.spanner.v1.PlanNode].

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type PlanNode_Kind deprecated

type PlanNode_Kind = src.PlanNode_Kind

The kind of PlanNode[google.spanner.v1.PlanNode]. Distinguishes between the two different kinds of nodes that can appear in a query plan.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type PlanNode_ShortRepresentation deprecated

type PlanNode_ShortRepresentation = src.PlanNode_ShortRepresentation

Condensed representation of a node and its subtree. Only present for `SCALAR` [PlanNode(s)][google.spanner.v1.PlanNode].

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type QueryPlan deprecated

type QueryPlan = src.QueryPlan

Contains an ordered list of nodes appearing in the query plan.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type ReadRequest deprecated

type ReadRequest = src.ReadRequest

The request for [Read][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.Read] and [StreamingRead][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.StreamingRead].

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type RequestOptions deprecated

type RequestOptions = src.RequestOptions

Common request options for various APIs.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type RequestOptions_Priority deprecated

type RequestOptions_Priority = src.RequestOptions_Priority

The relative priority for requests. Note that priority is not applicable for [BeginTransaction][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.BeginTransaction]. The priority acts as a hint to the Cloud Spanner scheduler and does not guarantee priority or order of execution. For example: - Some parts of a write operation always execute at `PRIORITY_HIGH`, regardless of the specified priority. This may cause you to see an increase in high priority workload even when executing a low priority request. This can also potentially cause a priority inversion where a lower priority request will be fulfilled ahead of a higher priority request. - If a transaction contains multiple operations with different priorities, Cloud Spanner does not guarantee to process the higher priority operations first. There may be other constraints to satisfy, such as order of operations.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type ResultSet deprecated

type ResultSet = src.ResultSet

Results from [Read][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.Read] or [ExecuteSql][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.ExecuteSql].

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type ResultSetMetadata deprecated

type ResultSetMetadata = src.ResultSetMetadata

Metadata about a ResultSet[google.spanner.v1.ResultSet] or PartialResultSet[google.spanner.v1.PartialResultSet].

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type ResultSetStats deprecated

type ResultSetStats = src.ResultSetStats

Additional statistics about a ResultSet[google.spanner.v1.ResultSet] or PartialResultSet[google.spanner.v1.PartialResultSet].

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type ResultSetStats_RowCountExact

type ResultSetStats_RowCountExact = src.ResultSetStats_RowCountExact

type ResultSetStats_RowCountLowerBound

type ResultSetStats_RowCountLowerBound = src.ResultSetStats_RowCountLowerBound

type RollbackRequest deprecated

type RollbackRequest = src.RollbackRequest

The request for [Rollback][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.Rollback].

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type Session deprecated

type Session = src.Session

A session in the Cloud Spanner API.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type SpannerClient deprecated

type SpannerClient = src.SpannerClient

SpannerClient is the client API for Spanner service. For semantics around ctx use and closing/ending streaming RPCs, please refer to

Deprecated: Please use types in:

func NewSpannerClient deprecated

func NewSpannerClient(cc grpc.ClientConnInterface) SpannerClient

Deprecated: Please use funcs in:

type SpannerServer deprecated

type SpannerServer = src.SpannerServer

SpannerServer is the server API for Spanner service.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type Spanner_ExecuteStreamingSqlClient

type Spanner_ExecuteStreamingSqlClient = src.Spanner_ExecuteStreamingSqlClient

type Spanner_ExecuteStreamingSqlServer

type Spanner_ExecuteStreamingSqlServer = src.Spanner_ExecuteStreamingSqlServer

type Spanner_StreamingReadClient

type Spanner_StreamingReadClient = src.Spanner_StreamingReadClient

type Spanner_StreamingReadServer

type Spanner_StreamingReadServer = src.Spanner_StreamingReadServer

type StructType deprecated

type StructType = src.StructType

`StructType` defines the fields of a [STRUCT][google.spanner.v1.TypeCode.STRUCT] type.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type StructType_Field deprecated

type StructType_Field = src.StructType_Field

Message representing a single field of a struct.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type Transaction deprecated

type Transaction = src.Transaction

A transaction.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type TransactionOptions deprecated

type TransactionOptions = src.TransactionOptions

Transactions: Each session can have at most one active transaction at a time (note that standalone reads and queries use a transaction internally and do count towards the one transaction limit). After the active transaction is completed, the session can immediately be re-used for the next transaction. It is not necessary to create a new session for each transaction. Transaction modes: Cloud Spanner supports three transaction modes: 1. Locking read-write. This type of transaction is the only way to write data into Cloud Spanner. These transactions rely on pessimistic locking and, if necessary, two-phase commit. Locking read-write transactions may abort, requiring the application to retry. 2. Snapshot read-only. Snapshot read-only transactions provide guaranteed consistency across several reads, but do not allow writes. Snapshot read-only transactions can be configured to read at timestamps in the past, or configured to perform a strong read (where Spanner will select a timestamp such that the read is guaranteed to see the effects of all transactions that have committed before the start of the read). Snapshot read-only transactions do not need to be committed. Queries on change streams must be performed with the snapshot read-only transaction mode, specifying a strong read. Please see [TransactionOptions.ReadOnly.strong][google.spanner.v1.TransactionOptions.ReadOnly.strong] for more details. 3. Partitioned DML. This type of transaction is used to execute a single Partitioned DML statement. Partitioned DML partitions the key space and runs the DML statement over each partition in parallel using separate, internal transactions that commit independently. Partitioned DML transactions do not need to be committed. For transactions that only read, snapshot read-only transactions provide simpler semantics and are almost always faster. In particular, read-only transactions do not take locks, so they do not conflict with read-write transactions. As a consequence of not taking locks, they also do not abort, so retry loops are not needed. Transactions may only read-write data in a single database. They may, however, read-write data in different tables within that database. Locking read-write transactions: Locking transactions may be used to atomically read-modify-write data anywhere in a database. This type of transaction is externally consistent. Clients should attempt to minimize the amount of time a transaction is active. Faster transactions commit with higher probability and cause less contention. Cloud Spanner attempts to keep read locks active as long as the transaction continues to do reads, and the transaction has not been terminated by [Commit][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.Commit] or [Rollback][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.Rollback]. Long periods of inactivity at the client may cause Cloud Spanner to release a transaction's locks and abort it. Conceptually, a read-write transaction consists of zero or more reads or SQL statements followed by [Commit][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.Commit]. At any time before [Commit][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.Commit], the client can send a [Rollback][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.Rollback] request to abort the transaction. Semantics: Cloud Spanner can commit the transaction if all read locks it acquired are still valid at commit time, and it is able to acquire write locks for all writes. Cloud Spanner can abort the transaction for any reason. If a commit attempt returns `ABORTED`, Cloud Spanner guarantees that the transaction has not modified any user data in Cloud Spanner. Unless the transaction commits, Cloud Spanner makes no guarantees about how long the transaction's locks were held for. It is an error to use Cloud Spanner locks for any sort of mutual exclusion other than between Cloud Spanner transactions themselves. Retrying aborted transactions: When a transaction aborts, the application can choose to retry the whole transaction again. To maximize the chances of successfully committing the retry, the client should execute the retry in the same session as the original attempt. The original session's lock priority increases with each consecutive abort, meaning that each attempt has a slightly better chance of success than the previous. Under some circumstances (for example, many transactions attempting to modify the same row(s)), a transaction can abort many times in a short period before successfully committing. Thus, it is not a good idea to cap the number of retries a transaction can attempt; instead, it is better to limit the total amount of time spent retrying. Idle transactions: A transaction is considered idle if it has no outstanding reads or SQL queries and has not started a read or SQL query within the last 10 seconds. Idle transactions can be aborted by Cloud Spanner so that they don't hold on to locks indefinitely. If an idle transaction is aborted, the commit will fail with error `ABORTED`. If this behavior is undesirable, periodically executing a simple SQL query in the transaction (for example, `SELECT 1`) prevents the transaction from becoming idle. Snapshot read-only transactions: Snapshot read-only transactions provides a simpler method than locking read-write transactions for doing several consistent reads. However, this type of transaction does not support writes. Snapshot transactions do not take locks. Instead, they work by choosing a Cloud Spanner timestamp, then executing all reads at that timestamp. Since they do not acquire locks, they do not block concurrent read-write transactions. Unlike locking read-write transactions, snapshot read-only transactions never abort. They can fail if the chosen read timestamp is garbage collected; however, the default garbage collection policy is generous enough that most applications do not need to worry about this in practice. Snapshot read-only transactions do not need to call [Commit][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.Commit] or [Rollback][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.Rollback] (and in fact are not permitted to do so). To execute a snapshot transaction, the client specifies a timestamp bound, which tells Cloud Spanner how to choose a read timestamp. The types of timestamp bound are: - Strong (the default). - Bounded staleness. - Exact staleness. If the Cloud Spanner database to be read is geographically distributed, stale read-only transactions can execute more quickly than strong or read-write transactions, because they are able to execute far from the leader replica. Each type of timestamp bound is discussed in detail below. Strong: Strong reads are guaranteed to see the effects of all transactions that have committed before the start of the read. Furthermore, all rows yielded by a single read are consistent with each other -- if any part of the read observes a transaction, all parts of the read see the transaction. Strong reads are not repeatable: two consecutive strong read-only transactions might return inconsistent results if there are concurrent writes. If consistency across reads is required, the reads should be executed within a transaction or at an exact read timestamp. Queries on change streams (see below for more details) must also specify the strong read timestamp bound. See [TransactionOptions.ReadOnly.strong][google.spanner.v1.TransactionOptions.ReadOnly.strong]. Exact staleness: These timestamp bounds execute reads at a user-specified timestamp. Reads at a timestamp are guaranteed to see a consistent prefix of the global transaction history: they observe modifications done by all transactions with a commit timestamp less than or equal to the read timestamp, and observe none of the modifications done by transactions with a larger commit timestamp. They will block until all conflicting transactions that may be assigned commit timestamps <= the read timestamp have finished. The timestamp can either be expressed as an absolute Cloud Spanner commit timestamp or a staleness relative to the current time. These modes do not require a "negotiation phase" to pick a timestamp. As a result, they execute slightly faster than the equivalent boundedly stale concurrency modes. On the other hand, boundedly stale reads usually return fresher results. See [TransactionOptions.ReadOnly.read_timestamp][google.spanner.v1.TransactionOptions.ReadOnly.read_timestamp] and [TransactionOptions.ReadOnly.exact_staleness][google.spanner.v1.TransactionOptions.ReadOnly.exact_staleness]. Bounded staleness: Bounded staleness modes allow Cloud Spanner to pick the read timestamp, subject to a user-provided staleness bound. Cloud Spanner chooses the newest timestamp within the staleness bound that allows execution of the reads at the closest available replica without blocking. All rows yielded are consistent with each other -- if any part of the read observes a transaction, all parts of the read see the transaction. Boundedly stale reads are not repeatable: two stale reads, even if they use the same staleness bound, can execute at different timestamps and thus return inconsistent results. Boundedly stale reads execute in two phases: the first phase negotiates a timestamp among all replicas needed to serve the read. In the second phase, reads are executed at the negotiated timestamp. As a result of the two phase execution, bounded staleness reads are usually a little slower than comparable exact staleness reads. However, they are typically able to return fresher results, and are more likely to execute at the closest replica. Because the timestamp negotiation requires up-front knowledge of which rows will be read, it can only be used with single-use read-only transactions. See [TransactionOptions.ReadOnly.max_staleness][google.spanner.v1.TransactionOptions.ReadOnly.max_staleness] and [TransactionOptions.ReadOnly.min_read_timestamp][google.spanner.v1.TransactionOptions.ReadOnly.min_read_timestamp]. Old read timestamps and garbage collection: Cloud Spanner continuously garbage collects deleted and overwritten data in the background to reclaim storage space. This process is known as "version GC". By default, version GC reclaims versions after they are one hour old. Because of this, Cloud Spanner cannot perform reads at read timestamps more than one hour in the past. This restriction also applies to in-progress reads and/or SQL queries whose timestamp become too old while executing. Reads and SQL queries with too-old read timestamps fail with the error `FAILED_PRECONDITION`. You can configure and extend the `VERSION_RETENTION_PERIOD` of a database up to a period as long as one week, which allows Cloud Spanner to perform reads up to one week in the past. Querying change Streams: A Change Stream is a schema object that can be configured to watch data changes on the entire database, a set of tables, or a set of columns in a database. When a change stream is created, Spanner automatically defines a corresponding SQL Table-Valued Function (TVF) that can be used to query the change records in the associated change stream using the ExecuteStreamingSql API. The name of the TVF for a change stream is generated from the name of the change stream: READ_<change_stream_name>. All queries on change stream TVFs must be executed using the ExecuteStreamingSql API with a single-use read-only transaction with a strong read-only timestamp_bound. The change stream TVF allows users to specify the start_timestamp and end_timestamp for the time range of interest. All change records within the retention period is accessible using the strong read-only timestamp_bound. All other TransactionOptions are invalid for change stream queries. In addition, if TransactionOptions.read_only.return_read_timestamp is set to true, a special value of 2^63 - 2 will be returned in the Transaction[google.spanner.v1.Transaction] message that describes the transaction, instead of a valid read timestamp. This special value should be discarded and not used for any subsequent queries. Please see for more details on how to query the change stream TVFs. Partitioned DML transactions: Partitioned DML transactions are used to execute DML statements with a different execution strategy that provides different, and often better, scalability properties for large, table-wide operations than DML in a ReadWrite transaction. Smaller scoped statements, such as an OLTP workload, should prefer using ReadWrite transactions. Partitioned DML partitions the keyspace and runs the DML statement on each partition in separate, internal transactions. These transactions commit automatically when complete, and run independently from one another. To reduce lock contention, this execution strategy only acquires read locks on rows that match the WHERE clause of the statement. Additionally, the smaller per-partition transactions hold locks for less time. That said, Partitioned DML is not a drop-in replacement for standard DML used in ReadWrite transactions. - The DML statement must be fully-partitionable. Specifically, the statement must be expressible as the union of many statements which each access only a single row of the table. - The statement is not applied atomically to all rows of the table. Rather, the statement is applied atomically to partitions of the table, in independent transactions. Secondary index rows are updated atomically with the base table rows. - Partitioned DML does not guarantee exactly-once execution semantics against a partition. The statement will be applied at least once to each partition. It is strongly recommended that the DML statement should be idempotent to avoid unexpected results. For instance, it is potentially dangerous to run a statement such as `UPDATE table SET column = column + 1` as it could be run multiple times against some rows. - The partitions are committed automatically - there is no support for Commit or Rollback. If the call returns an error, or if the client issuing the ExecuteSql call dies, it is possible that some rows had the statement executed on them successfully. It is also possible that statement was never executed against other rows. - Partitioned DML transactions may only contain the execution of a single DML statement via ExecuteSql or ExecuteStreamingSql. - If any error is encountered during the execution of the partitioned DML operation (for instance, a UNIQUE INDEX violation, division by zero, or a value that cannot be stored due to schema constraints), then the operation is stopped at that point and an error is returned. It is possible that at this point, some partitions have been committed (or even committed multiple times), and other partitions have not been run at all. Given the above, Partitioned DML is good fit for large, database-wide, operations that are idempotent, such as deleting old rows from a very large table.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type TransactionOptions_PartitionedDml deprecated

type TransactionOptions_PartitionedDml = src.TransactionOptions_PartitionedDml

Message type to initiate a Partitioned DML transaction.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type TransactionOptions_PartitionedDml_

type TransactionOptions_PartitionedDml_ = src.TransactionOptions_PartitionedDml_

type TransactionOptions_ReadOnly deprecated

type TransactionOptions_ReadOnly = src.TransactionOptions_ReadOnly

Message type to initiate a read-only transaction.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type TransactionOptions_ReadOnly_

type TransactionOptions_ReadOnly_ = src.TransactionOptions_ReadOnly_

type TransactionOptions_ReadOnly_ExactStaleness

type TransactionOptions_ReadOnly_ExactStaleness = src.TransactionOptions_ReadOnly_ExactStaleness

type TransactionOptions_ReadOnly_MaxStaleness

type TransactionOptions_ReadOnly_MaxStaleness = src.TransactionOptions_ReadOnly_MaxStaleness

type TransactionOptions_ReadOnly_MinReadTimestamp

type TransactionOptions_ReadOnly_MinReadTimestamp = src.TransactionOptions_ReadOnly_MinReadTimestamp

type TransactionOptions_ReadOnly_ReadTimestamp

type TransactionOptions_ReadOnly_ReadTimestamp = src.TransactionOptions_ReadOnly_ReadTimestamp

type TransactionOptions_ReadOnly_Strong

type TransactionOptions_ReadOnly_Strong = src.TransactionOptions_ReadOnly_Strong

type TransactionOptions_ReadWrite deprecated

type TransactionOptions_ReadWrite = src.TransactionOptions_ReadWrite

Message type to initiate a read-write transaction. Currently this transaction type has no options.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type TransactionOptions_ReadWrite_

type TransactionOptions_ReadWrite_ = src.TransactionOptions_ReadWrite_

type TransactionOptions_ReadWrite_ReadLockMode deprecated

type TransactionOptions_ReadWrite_ReadLockMode = src.TransactionOptions_ReadWrite_ReadLockMode

`ReadLockMode` is used to set the read lock mode for read-write transactions.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type TransactionSelector deprecated

type TransactionSelector = src.TransactionSelector

This message is used to select the transaction in which a [Read][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.Read] or [ExecuteSql][google.spanner.v1.Spanner.ExecuteSql] call runs. See TransactionOptions[google.spanner.v1.TransactionOptions] for more information about transactions.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type TransactionSelector_Begin

type TransactionSelector_Begin = src.TransactionSelector_Begin

type TransactionSelector_Id

type TransactionSelector_Id = src.TransactionSelector_Id

type TransactionSelector_SingleUse

type TransactionSelector_SingleUse = src.TransactionSelector_SingleUse

type Type deprecated

type Type = src.Type

`Type` indicates the type of a Cloud Spanner value, as might be stored in a table cell or returned from an SQL query.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type TypeAnnotationCode deprecated

type TypeAnnotationCode = src.TypeAnnotationCode

`TypeAnnotationCode` is used as a part of Type[google.spanner.v1.Type] to disambiguate SQL types that should be used for a given Cloud Spanner value. Disambiguation is needed because the same Cloud Spanner type can be mapped to different SQL types depending on SQL dialect. TypeAnnotationCode doesn't affect the way value is serialized.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type TypeCode deprecated

type TypeCode = src.TypeCode

`TypeCode` is used as part of Type[google.spanner.v1.Type] to indicate the type of a Cloud Spanner value. Each legal value of a type can be encoded to or decoded from a JSON value, using the encodings described below. All Cloud Spanner values can be `null`, regardless of type; `null`s are always encoded as a JSON `null`.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

type UnimplementedSpannerServer deprecated

type UnimplementedSpannerServer = src.UnimplementedSpannerServer

UnimplementedSpannerServer can be embedded to have forward compatible implementations.

Deprecated: Please use types in:

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