_examples/

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Version: v10.6.7 Latest Latest
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Published: Jul 25, 2018 License: BSD-3-Clause

README

Examples

Please do learn how net/http std package works, first.

This folder provides easy to understand code snippets on how to get started with iris micro web framework.

It doesn't always contain the "best ways" but it does cover each important feature that will make you so excited to GO with iris!

Overview
Structuring

Nothing stops you from using your favorite folder structure. Iris is a low level web framework, it has got MVC first-class support but it doesn't limit your folder structure, this is your choice.

Structuring depends on your own needs. We can't tell you how to design your own application for sure but you're free to take a closer look to the examples below; you may find something useful that you can borrow for your app;

HTTP Listening
Configuration
Routing, Grouping, Dynamic Path Parameters, "Macros" and Custom Context
  • app.Get("{userid:int min(1)}", myHandler)
  • app.Post("{asset:path}", myHandler)
  • app.Put("{custom:string regexp([a-z]+)}", myHandler)

Note: unlike other routers you'd seen, iris' router can handle things like these:

// Matches all GET requests prefixed with "/assets/"
app.Get("/assets/{asset:path}", assetsWildcardHandler)

// Matches only GET "/"
app.Get("/", indexHandler)
// Matches only GET "/about"
app.Get("/about", aboutHandler)

// Matches all GET requests prefixed with "/profile/"
// and followed by a single path part
app.Get("/profile/{username:string}", userHandler)
// Matches only GET "/profile/me" because 
// it does not conflict with /profile/{username:string}
// or the root wildcard {root:path}
app.Get("/profile/me", userHandler)

// Matches all GET requests prefixed with /users/
// and followed by a number which should be equal or bigger than 1
app.Get("/user/{userid:int min(1)}", getUserHandler)
// Matches all requests DELETE prefixed with /users/
// and following by a number which should be equal or bigger than 1
app.Delete("/user/{userid:int min(1)}", deleteUserHandler)

// Matches all GET requests except "/", "/about", anything starts with "/assets/" etc...
// because it does not conflict with the rest of the routes.
app.Get("{root:path}", rootWildcardHandler)

Navigate through examples for a better understanding.

hero
MVC

Iris has first-class support for the MVC (Model View Controller) pattern, you'll not find these stuff anywhere else in the Go world.

Iris web framework supports Request data, Models, Persistence Data and Binding with the fastest possible execution.

Characteristics

All HTTP Methods are supported, for example if want to serve GET then the controller should have a function named Get(), you can define more than one method function to serve in the same Controller.

Serve custom controller's struct's methods as handlers with custom paths(even with regex parametermized path) via the BeforeActivation custom event callback, per-controller. Example:

import (
    "github.com/kataras/iris"
    "github.com/kataras/iris/mvc"
)

func main() {
    app := iris.New()
    mvc.Configure(app.Party("/root"), myMVC)
    app.Run(iris.Addr(":8080"))
}

func myMVC(app *mvc.Application) {
    // app.Register(...)
    // app.Router.Use/UseGlobal/Done(...)
    app.Handle(new(MyController))
}

type MyController struct {}

func (m *MyController) BeforeActivation(b mvc.BeforeActivation) {
    // b.Dependencies().Add/Remove
    // b.Router().Use/UseGlobal/Done // and any standard API call you already know

    // 1-> Method
    // 2-> Path
    // 3-> The controller's function name to be parsed as handler
    // 4-> Any handlers that should run before the MyCustomHandler
    b.Handle("GET", "/something/{id:long}", "MyCustomHandler", anyMiddleware...)
}

// GET: http://localhost:8080/root
func (m *MyController) Get() string { return "Hey" }

// GET: http://localhost:8080/root/something/{id:long}
func (m *MyController) MyCustomHandler(id int64) string { return "MyCustomHandler says Hey" }

Persistence data inside your Controller struct (share data between requests) by defining services to the Dependencies or have a Singleton controller scope.

Share the dependencies between controllers or register them on a parent MVC Application, and ability to modify dependencies per-controller on the BeforeActivation optional event callback inside a Controller, i.e func(c *MyController) BeforeActivation(b mvc.BeforeActivation) { b.Dependencies().Add/Remove(...) }.

Access to the Context as a controller's field(no manual binding is neede) i.e Ctx iris.Context or via a method's input argument, i.e func(ctx iris.Context, otherArguments...).

Models inside your Controller struct (set-ed at the Method function and rendered by the View). You can return models from a controller's method or set a field in the request lifecycle and return that field to another method, in the same request lifecycle.

Flow as you used to, mvc application has its own Router which is a type of iris/router.Party, the standard iris api. Controllers can be registered to any Party, including Subdomains, the Party's begin and done handlers work as expected.

Optional BeginRequest(ctx) function to perform any initialization before the method execution, useful to call middlewares or when many methods use the same collection of data.

Optional EndRequest(ctx) function to perform any finalization after any method executed.

Inheritance, recursively, see for example our mvc.SessionController, it has the Session *sessions.Session and Manager *sessions.Sessions as embedded fields which are filled by its BeginRequest, here. This is just an example, you could use the sessions.Session which returned from the manager's Start as a dynamic dependency to the MVC Application, i.e mvcApp.Register(sessions.New(sessions.Config{Cookie: "iris_session_id"}).Start).

Access to the dynamic path parameters via the controller's methods' input arguments, no binding is needed. When you use the Iris' default syntax to parse handlers from a controller, you need to suffix the methods with the By word, uppercase is a new sub path. Example:

If mvc.New(app.Party("/user")).Handle(new(user.Controller))

  • func(*Controller) Get() - GET:/user.
  • func(*Controller) Post() - POST:/user.
  • func(*Controller) GetLogin() - GET:/user/login
  • func(*Controller) PostLogin() - POST:/user/login
  • func(*Controller) GetProfileFollowers() - GET:/user/profile/followers
  • func(*Controller) PostProfileFollowers() - POST:/user/profile/followers
  • func(*Controller) GetBy(id int64) - GET:/user/{param:long}
  • func(*Controller) PostBy(id int64) - POST:/user/{param:long}

If mvc.New(app.Party("/profile")).Handle(new(profile.Controller))

  • func(*Controller) GetBy(username string) - GET:/profile/{param:string}

If mvc.New(app.Party("/assets")).Handle(new(file.Controller))

  • func(*Controller) GetByWildard(path string) - GET:/assets/{param:path}

    Supported types for method functions receivers: int, int64, bool and string.

Response via output arguments, optionally, i.e

func(c *ExampleController) Get() string |
                                (string, string) |
                                (string, int) |
                                int |
                                (int, string) |
                                (string, error) |
                                error |
                                (int, error) |
                                (any, bool) |
                                (customStruct, error) |
                                customStruct |
                                (customStruct, int) |
                                (customStruct, string) |
                                mvc.Result or (mvc.Result, error)

where mvc.Result is an interface which contains only that function: Dispatch(ctx iris.Context).

Using Iris MVC for code reuse

By creating components that are independent of one another, developers are able to reuse components quickly and easily in other applications. The same (or similar) view for one application can be refactored for another application with different data because the view is simply handling how the data is being displayed to the user.

If you're new to back-end web development read about the MVC architectural pattern first, a good start is that wikipedia article.

Follow the examples below,

Subdomains
Convert http.Handler/HandlerFunc
View
Engine Declaration
template/html iris.HTML(...)
django iris.Django(...)
handlebars iris.Handlebars(...)
amber iris.Amber(...)
pug(jade) iris.Pug(...)

You can serve quicktemplate and hero templates files too, simply by using the context#ResponseWriter, take a look at the http_responsewriter/quicktemplate and http_responsewriter/herotemplate examples.

Authentication
File Server
How to Read from context.Request() *http.Request

The context.Request() returns the same *http.Request you already know, these examples show some places where the Context uses this object. Besides that you can use it as you did before iris.

How to Write to context.ResponseWriter() http.ResponseWriter

The context/context#ResponseWriter() returns an enchament version of a http.ResponseWriter, these examples show some places where the Context uses this object. Besides that you can use it as you did before iris.

ORM
Miscellaneous
Experimental Handlers
More

https://github.com/kataras/iris/tree/master/middleware#third-party-handlers

Automated API Documentation
Testing

The httptest package is your way for end-to-end HTTP testing, it uses the httpexpect library created by our friend, gavv.

Example

Caching

iris cache library lives on its own package.

You're free to use your own favourite caching package if you'd like so.

Cookies
Sessions

iris session manager lives on its own package.

You're free to use your own favourite sessions package if you'd like so.

Websockets

iris websocket library lives on its own package.

The package is designed to work with raw websockets although its API is similar to the famous socket.io. I have read an article recently and I felt very contented about my decision to design a fast websocket-only package for Iris and not a backwards socket.io-like package. You can read that article by following this link: https://medium.com/@ivanderbyl/why-you-don-t-need-socket-io-6848f1c871cd.

You're free to use your own favourite websockets package if you'd like so.

Typescript Automation Tools

typescript automation tools have their own repository: https://github.com/kataras/iris/tree/master/typescript it contains examples

I'd like to tell you that you can use your favourite but I don't think you will find such a thing anywhere else.

Hey, You

Developers should read the godocs and https://docs.iris-go.com for a better understanding.

Psst, I almost forgot; do not forget to star or watch the project in order to stay updated with the latest tech trends, it never takes more than a second!

Directories

Path Synopsis
apidoc
authentication
cache
client-side
Package main shows how you can use the `WriteWithExpiration` based on the "modtime", if it's newer than the request header then it will refresh the contents, otherwise will let the client (99.9% the browser) to handle the cache mechanism, it's faster than iris.Cache because server-side has nothing to do and no need to store the responses in the memory.
Package main shows how you can use the `WriteWithExpiration` based on the "modtime", if it's newer than the request header then it will refresh the contents, otherwise will let the client (99.9% the browser) to handle the cache mechanism, it's faster than iris.Cache because server-side has nothing to do and no need to store the responses in the memory.
configuration
convert-handlers
cookies
experimental-handlers
csrf
This middleware provides Cross-Site Request Forgery protection.
This middleware provides Cross-Site Request Forgery protection.
jwt
iris provides some basic middleware, most for your learning courve.
iris provides some basic middleware, most for your learning courve.
file-server
hero
http-listening
listen-letsencrypt
Package main provide one-line integration with letsencrypt.org
Package main provide one-line integration with letsencrypt.org
http_request
read-form
package main contains an example on how to use the ReadForm, but with the same way you can do the ReadJSON & ReadJSON
package main contains an example on how to use the ReadForm, but with the same way you can do the ReadJSON & ReadJSON
read-json-struct-validation
Package main shows the validator(latest, version 9) integration with Iris.
Package main shows the validator(latest, version 9) integration with Iris.
http_responsewriter
herotemplate/template
Code generated by hero.
Code generated by hero.
miscellaneous
mvc
middleware
Package main shows how you can add middleware to an mvc Application, simply by using its `Router` which is a sub router(an iris.Party) of the main iris app.
Package main shows how you can add middleware to an mvc Application, simply by using its `Router` which is a sub router(an iris.Party) of the main iris app.
middleware/per-method
If you want to use it as middleware for the entire controller you can use its router which is just a sub router to add it as you normally do with standard API: I'll show you 4 different methods for adding a middleware into an mvc application, all of those 4 do exactly the same thing, select what you prefer, I prefer the last code-snippet when I need the middleware to be registered somewhere else as well, otherwise I am going with the first one: “`go // 1 mvc.Configure(app.Party("/user"), func(m *mvc.Application) { m.Router.Use(cache.Handler(10*time.Second)) }) “` “`go // 2 // same: userRouter := app.Party("/user") userRouter.Use(cache.Handler(10*time.Second)) mvc.Configure(userRouter, ...) “` “`go // 3 // same: userRouter := app.Party("/user", cache.Handler(10*time.Second)) mvc.Configure(userRouter, ...) “` “`go // 4 // same: app.PartyFunc("/user", func(r iris.Party){ r.Use(cache.Handler(10*time.Second)) mvc.Configure(r, ...) }) “` If you want to use a middleware for a single route, for a single controller's method that is already registered by the engine and not by custom `Handle` (which you can add the middleware there on the last parameter) and it's not depend on the `Next Handler` to do its job then you just call it on the method: “`go var myMiddleware := myMiddleware.New(...) // this should return an iris/context.Handler type UserController struct{} func (c *UserController) GetSomething(ctx iris.Context) { // ctx.Proceed checks if myMiddleware called `ctx.Next()` // inside it and returns true if so, otherwise false.
If you want to use it as middleware for the entire controller you can use its router which is just a sub router to add it as you normally do with standard API: I'll show you 4 different methods for adding a middleware into an mvc application, all of those 4 do exactly the same thing, select what you prefer, I prefer the last code-snippet when I need the middleware to be registered somewhere else as well, otherwise I am going with the first one: “`go // 1 mvc.Configure(app.Party("/user"), func(m *mvc.Application) { m.Router.Use(cache.Handler(10*time.Second)) }) “` “`go // 2 // same: userRouter := app.Party("/user") userRouter.Use(cache.Handler(10*time.Second)) mvc.Configure(userRouter, ...) “` “`go // 3 // same: userRouter := app.Party("/user", cache.Handler(10*time.Second)) mvc.Configure(userRouter, ...) “` “`go // 4 // same: app.PartyFunc("/user", func(r iris.Party){ r.Use(cache.Handler(10*time.Second)) mvc.Configure(r, ...) }) “` If you want to use a middleware for a single route, for a single controller's method that is already registered by the engine and not by custom `Handle` (which you can add the middleware there on the last parameter) and it's not depend on the `Next Handler` to do its job then you just call it on the method: “`go var myMiddleware := myMiddleware.New(...) // this should return an iris/context.Handler type UserController struct{} func (c *UserController) GetSomething(ctx iris.Context) { // ctx.Proceed checks if myMiddleware called `ctx.Next()` // inside it and returns true if so, otherwise false.
middleware/without-ctx-next
Package main is a simple example of the behavior change of the execution flow of the handlers, normally we need the `ctx.Next()` to call the next handler in a route's handler chain, but with the new `ExecutionRules` we can change this default behavior.
Package main is a simple example of the behavior change of the execution flow of the handlers, normally we need the `ctx.Next()` to call the next handler in a route's handler chain, but with the new `ExecutionRules` we can change this default behavior.
orm
xorm
Package main shows how an orm can be used within your web app it just inserts a column and select the first.
Package main shows how an orm can be used within your web app it just inserts a column and select the first.
sessions
structuring
subdomains
redirect
Package main shows how to register a simple 'www' subdomain, using the `app.WWW` method, which will register a router wrapper which will redirect all 'mydomain.com' requests to 'www.mydomain.com'.
Package main shows how to register a simple 'www' subdomain, using the `app.WWW` method, which will register a router wrapper which will redirect all 'mydomain.com' requests to 'www.mydomain.com'.
single
Package main register static subdomains, simple as parties, check ./hosts if you use windows
Package main register static subdomains, simple as parties, check ./hosts if you use windows
wildcard
Package main an example on how to catch dynamic subdomains - wildcard.
Package main an example on how to catch dynamic subdomains - wildcard.
www
testing
tutorial
url-shortener
Package main shows how you can create a simple URL Shortener.
Package main shows how you can create a simple URL Shortener.
view
template_html_3
Package main an example on how to naming your routes & use the custom 'url path' HTML Template Engine, same for other template engines.
Package main an example on how to naming your routes & use the custom 'url path' HTML Template Engine, same for other template engines.
template_html_4
Package main an example on how to naming your routes & use the custom 'url' HTML Template Engine, same for other template engines.
Package main an example on how to naming your routes & use the custom 'url' HTML Template Engine, same for other template engines.
template_pug_1
Package main shows an example of pug actions based on https://github.com/Joker/jade/tree/master/example/actions
Package main shows an example of pug actions based on https://github.com/Joker/jade/tree/master/example/actions
webassembly
basic/client
+build go1.11beta1
+build go1.11beta1
websocket

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