fuzz

package standard library
Version: master (c0497d1) Latest Latest
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Published: Dec 2, 2022 License: BSD-3-Clause Imports: 27 Imported by: 0

Documentation

Overview

Package fuzz provides common fuzzing functionality for tests built with "go test" and for programs that use fuzzing functionality in the testing package.

Index

Constants

This section is empty.

Variables

This section is empty.

Functions

func CheckCorpus

func CheckCorpus(vals []any, types []reflect.Type) error

CheckCorpus verifies that the types in vals match the expected types provided.

func CoordinateFuzzing

func CoordinateFuzzing(ctx context.Context, opts CoordinateFuzzingOpts) (err error)

CoordinateFuzzing creates several worker processes and communicates with them to test random inputs that could trigger crashes and expose bugs. The worker processes run the same binary in the same directory with the same environment variables as the coordinator process. Workers also run with the same arguments as the coordinator, except with the -test.fuzzworker flag prepended to the argument list.

If a crash occurs, the function will return an error containing information about the crash, which can be reported to the user.

func ResetCoverage

func ResetCoverage()

ResetCoverage sets all of the counters for each edge of the instrumented source code to 0.

func RunFuzzWorker

func RunFuzzWorker(ctx context.Context, fn func(CorpusEntry) error) error

RunFuzzWorker is called in a worker process to communicate with the coordinator process in order to fuzz random inputs. RunFuzzWorker loops until the coordinator tells it to stop.

fn is a wrapper on the fuzz function. It may return an error to indicate a given input "crashed". The coordinator will also record a crasher if the function times out or terminates the process.

RunFuzzWorker returns an error if it could not communicate with the coordinator process.

func SnapshotCoverage

func SnapshotCoverage()

SnapshotCoverage copies the current counter values into coverageSnapshot, preserving them for later inspection. SnapshotCoverage also rounds each counter down to the nearest power of two. This lets the coordinator store multiple values for each counter by OR'ing them together.

Types

type CoordinateFuzzingOpts

type CoordinateFuzzingOpts struct {
	// Log is a writer for logging progress messages and warnings.
	// If nil, io.Discard will be used instead.
	Log io.Writer

	// Timeout is the amount of wall clock time to spend fuzzing after the corpus
	// has loaded. If zero, there will be no time limit.
	Timeout time.Duration

	// Limit is the number of random values to generate and test. If zero,
	// there will be no limit on the number of generated values.
	Limit int64

	// MinimizeTimeout is the amount of wall clock time to spend minimizing
	// after discovering a crasher. If zero, there will be no time limit. If
	// MinimizeTimeout and MinimizeLimit are both zero, then minimization will
	// be disabled.
	MinimizeTimeout time.Duration

	// MinimizeLimit is the maximum number of calls to the fuzz function to be
	// made while minimizing after finding a crash. If zero, there will be no
	// limit. Calls to the fuzz function made when minimizing also count toward
	// Limit. If MinimizeTimeout and MinimizeLimit are both zero, then
	// minimization will be disabled.
	MinimizeLimit int64

	// parallel is the number of worker processes to run in parallel. If zero,
	// CoordinateFuzzing will run GOMAXPROCS workers.
	Parallel int

	// Seed is a list of seed values added by the fuzz target with testing.F.Add
	// and in testdata.
	Seed []CorpusEntry

	// Types is the list of types which make up a corpus entry.
	// Types must be set and must match values in Seed.
	Types []reflect.Type

	// CorpusDir is a directory where files containing values that crash the
	// code being tested may be written. CorpusDir must be set.
	CorpusDir string

	// CacheDir is a directory containing additional "interesting" values.
	// The fuzzer may derive new values from these, and may write new values here.
	CacheDir string
}

CoordinateFuzzingOpts is a set of arguments for CoordinateFuzzing. The zero value is valid for each field unless specified otherwise.

type CorpusEntry

type CorpusEntry = struct {
	Parent string

	// Path is the path of the corpus file, if the entry was loaded from disk.
	// For other entries, including seed values provided by f.Add, Path is the
	// name of the test, e.g. seed#0 or its hash.
	Path string

	// Data is the raw input data. Data should only be populated for seed
	// values. For on-disk corpus files, Data will be nil, as it will be loaded
	// from disk using Path.
	Data []byte

	// Values is the unmarshaled values from a corpus file.
	Values []any

	Generation int

	// IsSeed indicates whether this entry is part of the seed corpus.
	IsSeed bool
}

CorpusEntry represents an individual input for fuzzing.

We must use an equivalent type in the testing and testing/internal/testdeps packages, but testing can't import this package directly, and we don't want to export this type from testing. Instead, we use the same struct type and use a type alias (not a defined type) for convenience.

func ReadCorpus

func ReadCorpus(dir string, types []reflect.Type) ([]CorpusEntry, error)

ReadCorpus reads the corpus from the provided dir. The returned corpus entries are guaranteed to match the given types. Any malformed files will be saved in a MalformedCorpusError and returned, along with the most recent error.

type MalformedCorpusError

type MalformedCorpusError struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

MalformedCorpusError is an error found while reading the corpus from the filesystem. All of the errors are stored in the errs list. The testing framework uses this to report malformed files in testdata.

func (*MalformedCorpusError) Error

func (e *MalformedCorpusError) Error() string

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