core

package
Version: v1.9.22 Latest Latest
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Published: Sep 23, 2020 License: GPL-3.0 Imports: 41 Imported by: 0

Documentation

Overview

Package core implements the Ethereum consensus protocol.

Index

Examples

Constants

View Source
const (
	TriesInMemory = 128

	// BlockChainVersion ensures that an incompatible database forces a resync from scratch.
	//
	// Changelog:
	//
	// - Version 4
	//   The following incompatible database changes were added:
	//   * the `BlockNumber`, `TxHash`, `TxIndex`, `BlockHash` and `Index` fields of log are deleted
	//   * the `Bloom` field of receipt is deleted
	//   * the `BlockIndex` and `TxIndex` fields of txlookup are deleted
	// - Version 5
	//  The following incompatible database changes were added:
	//    * the `TxHash`, `GasCost`, and `ContractAddress` fields are no longer stored for a receipt
	//    * the `TxHash`, `GasCost`, and `ContractAddress` fields are computed by looking up the
	//      receipts' corresponding block
	// - Version 6
	//  The following incompatible database changes were added:
	//    * Transaction lookup information stores the corresponding block number instead of block hash
	// - Version 7
	//  The following incompatible database changes were added:
	//    * Use freezer as the ancient database to maintain all ancient data
	BlockChainVersion uint64 = 7
)

Variables

View Source
var (
	// ErrKnownBlock is returned when a block to import is already known locally.
	ErrKnownBlock = errors.New("block already known")

	// ErrBlacklistedHash is returned if a block to import is on the blacklist.
	ErrBlacklistedHash = errors.New("blacklisted hash")

	// ErrNoGenesis is returned when there is no Genesis Block.
	ErrNoGenesis = errors.New("genesis not found in chain")
)
View Source
var (
	// ErrNonceTooLow is returned if the nonce of a transaction is lower than the
	// one present in the local chain.
	ErrNonceTooLow = errors.New("nonce too low")

	// ErrNonceTooHigh is returned if the nonce of a transaction is higher than the
	// next one expected based on the local chain.
	ErrNonceTooHigh = errors.New("nonce too high")

	// ErrGasLimitReached is returned by the gas pool if the amount of gas required
	// by a transaction is higher than what's left in the block.
	ErrGasLimitReached = errors.New("gas limit reached")

	// ErrInsufficientFundsForTransfer is returned if the transaction sender doesn't
	// have enough funds for transfer(topmost call only).
	ErrInsufficientFundsForTransfer = errors.New("insufficient funds for transfer")

	// ErrInsufficientFunds is returned if the total cost of executing a transaction
	// is higher than the balance of the user's account.
	ErrInsufficientFunds = errors.New("insufficient funds for gas * price + value")

	// ErrGasUintOverflow is returned when calculating gas usage.
	ErrGasUintOverflow = errors.New("gas uint64 overflow")

	// ErrIntrinsicGas is returned if the transaction is specified to use less gas
	// than required to start the invocation.
	ErrIntrinsicGas = errors.New("intrinsic gas too low")
)

List of evm-call-message pre-checking errors. All state transition messages will be pre-checked before execution. If any invalidation detected, the corresponding error should be returned which is defined here.

- If the pre-checking happens in the miner, then the transaction won't be packed. - If the pre-checking happens in the block processing procedure, then a "BAD BLOCk" error should be emitted.

View Source
var (
	// ErrAlreadyKnown is returned if the transactions is already contained
	// within the pool.
	ErrAlreadyKnown = errors.New("already known")

	// ErrInvalidSender is returned if the transaction contains an invalid signature.
	ErrInvalidSender = errors.New("invalid sender")

	// ErrUnderpriced is returned if a transaction's gas price is below the minimum
	// configured for the transaction pool.
	ErrUnderpriced = errors.New("transaction underpriced")

	// ErrReplaceUnderpriced is returned if a transaction is attempted to be replaced
	// with a different one without the required price bump.
	ErrReplaceUnderpriced = errors.New("replacement transaction underpriced")

	// ErrGasLimit is returned if a transaction's requested gas limit exceeds the
	// maximum allowance of the current block.
	ErrGasLimit = errors.New("exceeds block gas limit")

	// ErrNegativeValue is a sanity error to ensure no one is able to specify a
	// transaction with a negative value.
	ErrNegativeValue = errors.New("negative value")

	// ErrOversizedData is returned if the input data of a transaction is greater
	// than some meaningful limit a user might use. This is not a consensus error
	// making the transaction invalid, rather a DOS protection.
	ErrOversizedData = errors.New("oversized data")
)
View Source
var BadHashes = map[common.Hash]bool{
	common.HexToHash("05bef30ef572270f654746da22639a7a0c97dd97a7050b9e252391996aaeb689"): true,
	common.HexToHash("7d05d08cbc596a2e5e4f13b80a743e53e09221b5323c3a61946b20873e58583f"): true,
}

BadHashes represent a set of manually tracked bad hashes (usually hard forks)

View Source
var DefaultTxPoolConfig = TxPoolConfig{
	Journal:   "transactions.rlp",
	Rejournal: time.Hour,

	PriceLimit: 1,
	PriceBump:  10,

	AccountSlots: 16,
	GlobalSlots:  4096,
	AccountQueue: 64,
	GlobalQueue:  1024,

	Lifetime: 3 * time.Hour,
}

DefaultTxPoolConfig contains the default configurations for the transaction pool.

Functions

func ApplyTransaction added in v1.3.2

func ApplyTransaction(config *params.ChainConfig, bc ChainContext, author *common.Address, gp *GasPool, statedb *state.StateDB, header *types.Header, tx *types.Transaction, usedGas *uint64, cfg vm.Config) (*types.Receipt, error)

ApplyTransaction attempts to apply a transaction to the given state database and uses the input parameters for its environment. It returns the receipt for the transaction, gas used and an error if the transaction failed, indicating the block was invalid.

func CalcGasLimit added in v0.8.4

func CalcGasLimit(parent *types.Block, gasFloor, gasCeil uint64) uint64

CalcGasLimit computes the gas limit of the next block after parent. It aims to keep the baseline gas above the provided floor, and increase it towards the ceil if the blocks are full. If the ceil is exceeded, it will always decrease the gas allowance.

func CanTransfer added in v1.5.5

func CanTransfer(db vm.StateDB, addr common.Address, amount *big.Int) bool

CanTransfer checks whether there are enough funds in the address' account to make a transfer. This does not take the necessary gas in to account to make the transfer valid.

func GenerateChain added in v0.9.34

func GenerateChain(config *params.ChainConfig, parent *types.Block, engine consensus.Engine, db ethdb.Database, n int, gen func(int, *BlockGen)) ([]*types.Block, []types.Receipts)

GenerateChain creates a chain of n blocks. The first block's parent will be the provided parent. db is used to store intermediate states and should contain the parent's state trie.

The generator function is called with a new block generator for every block. Any transactions and uncles added to the generator become part of the block. If gen is nil, the blocks will be empty and their coinbase will be the zero address.

Blocks created by GenerateChain do not contain valid proof of work values. Inserting them into BlockChain requires use of FakePow or a similar non-validating proof of work implementation.

Example
var (
	key1, _ = crypto.HexToECDSA("b71c71a67e1177ad4e901695e1b4b9ee17ae16c6668d313eac2f96dbcda3f291")
	key2, _ = crypto.HexToECDSA("8a1f9a8f95be41cd7ccb6168179afb4504aefe388d1e14474d32c45c72ce7b7a")
	key3, _ = crypto.HexToECDSA("49a7b37aa6f6645917e7b807e9d1c00d4fa71f18343b0d4122a4d2df64dd6fee")
	addr1   = crypto.PubkeyToAddress(key1.PublicKey)
	addr2   = crypto.PubkeyToAddress(key2.PublicKey)
	addr3   = crypto.PubkeyToAddress(key3.PublicKey)
	db      = rawdb.NewMemoryDatabase()
)

// Ensure that key1 has some funds in the genesis block.
gspec := &Genesis{
	Config: &params.ChainConfig{HomesteadBlock: new(big.Int)},
	Alloc:  GenesisAlloc{addr1: {Balance: big.NewInt(1000000)}},
}
genesis := gspec.MustCommit(db)

// This call generates a chain of 5 blocks. The function runs for
// each block and adds different features to gen based on the
// block index.
signer := types.HomesteadSigner{}
chain, _ := GenerateChain(gspec.Config, genesis, ethash.NewFaker(), db, 5, func(i int, gen *BlockGen) {
	switch i {
	case 0:
		// In block 1, addr1 sends addr2 some ether.
		tx, _ := types.SignTx(types.NewTransaction(gen.TxNonce(addr1), addr2, big.NewInt(10000), params.TxGas, nil, nil), signer, key1)
		gen.AddTx(tx)
	case 1:
		// In block 2, addr1 sends some more ether to addr2.
		// addr2 passes it on to addr3.
		tx1, _ := types.SignTx(types.NewTransaction(gen.TxNonce(addr1), addr2, big.NewInt(1000), params.TxGas, nil, nil), signer, key1)
		tx2, _ := types.SignTx(types.NewTransaction(gen.TxNonce(addr2), addr3, big.NewInt(1000), params.TxGas, nil, nil), signer, key2)
		gen.AddTx(tx1)
		gen.AddTx(tx2)
	case 2:
		// Block 3 is empty but was mined by addr3.
		gen.SetCoinbase(addr3)
		gen.SetExtra([]byte("yeehaw"))
	case 3:
		// Block 4 includes blocks 2 and 3 as uncle headers (with modified extra data).
		b2 := gen.PrevBlock(1).Header()
		b2.Extra = []byte("foo")
		gen.AddUncle(b2)
		b3 := gen.PrevBlock(2).Header()
		b3.Extra = []byte("foo")
		gen.AddUncle(b3)
	}
})

// Import the chain. This runs all block validation rules.
blockchain, _ := NewBlockChain(db, nil, gspec.Config, ethash.NewFaker(), vm.Config{}, nil, nil)
defer blockchain.Stop()

if i, err := blockchain.InsertChain(chain); err != nil {
	fmt.Printf("insert error (block %d): %v\n", chain[i].NumberU64(), err)
	return
}

state, _ := blockchain.State()
fmt.Printf("last block: #%d\n", blockchain.CurrentBlock().Number())
fmt.Println("balance of addr1:", state.GetBalance(addr1))
fmt.Println("balance of addr2:", state.GetBalance(addr2))
fmt.Println("balance of addr3:", state.GetBalance(addr3))
Output:

last block: #5
balance of addr1: 989000
balance of addr2: 10000
balance of addr3: 19687500000000001000

func GenesisBlockForTesting added in v0.9.34

func GenesisBlockForTesting(db ethdb.Database, addr common.Address, balance *big.Int) *types.Block

GenesisBlockForTesting creates and writes a block in which addr has the given wei balance.

func GetHashFn added in v1.4.0

func GetHashFn(ref *types.Header, chain ChainContext) func(n uint64) common.Hash

GetHashFn returns a GetHashFunc which retrieves header hashes by number

func IntrinsicGas added in v0.9.17

func IntrinsicGas(data []byte, contractCreation, isHomestead bool, isEIP2028 bool) (uint64, error)

IntrinsicGas computes the 'intrinsic gas' for a message with the given data.

func NewEVMContext added in v1.5.5

func NewEVMContext(msg Message, header *types.Header, chain ChainContext, author *common.Address) vm.Context

NewEVMContext creates a new context for use in the EVM.

func SetupGenesisBlock added in v1.6.0

func SetupGenesisBlock(db ethdb.Database, genesis *Genesis) (*params.ChainConfig, common.Hash, error)

SetupGenesisBlock writes or updates the genesis block in db. The block that will be used is:

                     genesis == nil       genesis != nil
                  +------------------------------------------
db has no genesis |  main-net default  |  genesis
db has genesis    |  from DB           |  genesis (if compatible)

The stored chain configuration will be updated if it is compatible (i.e. does not specify a fork block below the local head block). In case of a conflict, the error is a *params.ConfigCompatError and the new, unwritten config is returned.

The returned chain configuration is never nil.

func Transfer added in v1.3.1

func Transfer(db vm.StateDB, sender, recipient common.Address, amount *big.Int)

Transfer subtracts amount from sender and adds amount to recipient using the given Db

Types

type BlockChain added in v1.3.1

type BlockChain struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

BlockChain represents the canonical chain given a database with a genesis block. The Blockchain manages chain imports, reverts, chain reorganisations.

Importing blocks in to the block chain happens according to the set of rules defined by the two stage Validator. Processing of blocks is done using the Processor which processes the included transaction. The validation of the state is done in the second part of the Validator. Failing results in aborting of the import.

The BlockChain also helps in returning blocks from **any** chain included in the database as well as blocks that represents the canonical chain. It's important to note that GetBlock can return any block and does not need to be included in the canonical one where as GetBlockByNumber always represents the canonical chain.

func NewBlockChain added in v1.3.1

func NewBlockChain(db ethdb.Database, cacheConfig *CacheConfig, chainConfig *params.ChainConfig, engine consensus.Engine, vmConfig vm.Config, shouldPreserve func(block *types.Block) bool, txLookupLimit *uint64) (*BlockChain, error)

NewBlockChain returns a fully initialised block chain using information available in the database. It initialises the default Ethereum Validator and Processor.

func (*BlockChain) BadBlocks added in v1.6.0

func (bc *BlockChain) BadBlocks() []*types.Block

BadBlocks returns a list of the last 'bad blocks' that the client has seen on the network

func (*BlockChain) Config added in v1.4.1

func (bc *BlockChain) Config() *params.ChainConfig

Config retrieves the chain's fork configuration.

func (*BlockChain) CurrentBlock added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) CurrentBlock() *types.Block

CurrentBlock retrieves the current head block of the canonical chain. The block is retrieved from the blockchain's internal cache.

func (*BlockChain) CurrentFastBlock added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) CurrentFastBlock() *types.Block

CurrentFastBlock retrieves the current fast-sync head block of the canonical chain. The block is retrieved from the blockchain's internal cache.

func (*BlockChain) CurrentHeader added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) CurrentHeader() *types.Header

CurrentHeader retrieves the current head header of the canonical chain. The header is retrieved from the HeaderChain's internal cache.

func (*BlockChain) Engine added in v1.6.0

func (bc *BlockChain) Engine() consensus.Engine

Engine retrieves the blockchain's consensus engine.

func (*BlockChain) Export added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) Export(w io.Writer) error

Export writes the active chain to the given writer.

func (*BlockChain) ExportN added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) ExportN(w io.Writer, first uint64, last uint64) error

ExportN writes a subset of the active chain to the given writer.

func (*BlockChain) FastSyncCommitHead added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) FastSyncCommitHead(hash common.Hash) error

FastSyncCommitHead sets the current head block to the one defined by the hash irrelevant what the chain contents were prior.

func (*BlockChain) GasLimit added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) GasLimit() uint64

GasLimit returns the gas limit of the current HEAD block.

func (*BlockChain) Genesis added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) Genesis() *types.Block

Genesis retrieves the chain's genesis block.

func (*BlockChain) GetAncestor added in v1.8.11

func (bc *BlockChain) GetAncestor(hash common.Hash, number, ancestor uint64, maxNonCanonical *uint64) (common.Hash, uint64)

GetAncestor retrieves the Nth ancestor of a given block. It assumes that either the given block or a close ancestor of it is canonical. maxNonCanonical points to a downwards counter limiting the number of blocks to be individually checked before we reach the canonical chain.

Note: ancestor == 0 returns the same block, 1 returns its parent and so on.

func (*BlockChain) GetBlock added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) GetBlock(hash common.Hash, number uint64) *types.Block

GetBlock retrieves a block from the database by hash and number, caching it if found.

func (*BlockChain) GetBlockByHash added in v1.5.0

func (bc *BlockChain) GetBlockByHash(hash common.Hash) *types.Block

GetBlockByHash retrieves a block from the database by hash, caching it if found.

func (*BlockChain) GetBlockByNumber added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) GetBlockByNumber(number uint64) *types.Block

GetBlockByNumber retrieves a block from the database by number, caching it (associated with its hash) if found.

func (*BlockChain) GetBlockHashesFromHash added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) GetBlockHashesFromHash(hash common.Hash, max uint64) []common.Hash

GetBlockHashesFromHash retrieves a number of block hashes starting at a given hash, fetching towards the genesis block.

func (*BlockChain) GetBlocksFromHash added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) GetBlocksFromHash(hash common.Hash, n int) (blocks []*types.Block)

GetBlocksFromHash returns the block corresponding to hash and up to n-1 ancestors. [deprecated by eth/62]

func (*BlockChain) GetBody added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) GetBody(hash common.Hash) *types.Body

GetBody retrieves a block body (transactions and uncles) from the database by hash, caching it if found.

func (*BlockChain) GetBodyRLP added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) GetBodyRLP(hash common.Hash) rlp.RawValue

GetBodyRLP retrieves a block body in RLP encoding from the database by hash, caching it if found.

func (*BlockChain) GetCanonicalHash added in v1.9.6

func (bc *BlockChain) GetCanonicalHash(number uint64) common.Hash

GetCanonicalHash returns the canonical hash for a given block number

func (*BlockChain) GetHeader added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) GetHeader(hash common.Hash, number uint64) *types.Header

GetHeader retrieves a block header from the database by hash and number, caching it if found.

func (*BlockChain) GetHeaderByHash added in v1.5.0

func (bc *BlockChain) GetHeaderByHash(hash common.Hash) *types.Header

GetHeaderByHash retrieves a block header from the database by hash, caching it if found.

func (*BlockChain) GetHeaderByNumber added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) GetHeaderByNumber(number uint64) *types.Header

GetHeaderByNumber retrieves a block header from the database by number, caching it (associated with its hash) if found.

func (*BlockChain) GetReceiptsByHash added in v1.8.0

func (bc *BlockChain) GetReceiptsByHash(hash common.Hash) types.Receipts

GetReceiptsByHash retrieves the receipts for all transactions in a given block.

func (*BlockChain) GetTd added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) GetTd(hash common.Hash, number uint64) *big.Int

GetTd retrieves a block's total difficulty in the canonical chain from the database by hash and number, caching it if found.

func (*BlockChain) GetTdByHash added in v1.5.0

func (bc *BlockChain) GetTdByHash(hash common.Hash) *big.Int

GetTdByHash retrieves a block's total difficulty in the canonical chain from the database by hash, caching it if found.

func (*BlockChain) GetTransactionLookup added in v1.9.3

func (bc *BlockChain) GetTransactionLookup(hash common.Hash) *rawdb.LegacyTxLookupEntry

GetTransactionLookup retrieves the lookup associate with the given transaction hash from the cache or database.

func (*BlockChain) GetUnclesInChain added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) GetUnclesInChain(block *types.Block, length int) []*types.Header

GetUnclesInChain retrieves all the uncles from a given block backwards until a specific distance is reached.

func (*BlockChain) GetVMConfig added in v1.8.20

func (bc *BlockChain) GetVMConfig() *vm.Config

GetVMConfig returns the block chain VM config.

func (*BlockChain) HasBlock added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) HasBlock(hash common.Hash, number uint64) bool

HasBlock checks if a block is fully present in the database or not.

func (*BlockChain) HasBlockAndState added in v1.3.3

func (bc *BlockChain) HasBlockAndState(hash common.Hash, number uint64) bool

HasBlockAndState checks if a block and associated state trie is fully present in the database or not, caching it if present.

func (*BlockChain) HasFastBlock added in v1.8.19

func (bc *BlockChain) HasFastBlock(hash common.Hash, number uint64) bool

HasFastBlock checks if a fast block is fully present in the database or not.

func (*BlockChain) HasHeader added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) HasHeader(hash common.Hash, number uint64) bool

HasHeader checks if a block header is present in the database or not, caching it if present.

func (*BlockChain) HasState added in v1.8.0

func (bc *BlockChain) HasState(hash common.Hash) bool

HasState checks if state trie is fully present in the database or not.

func (*BlockChain) InsertChain added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) InsertChain(chain types.Blocks) (int, error)

InsertChain attempts to insert the given batch of blocks in to the canonical chain or, otherwise, create a fork. If an error is returned it will return the index number of the failing block as well an error describing what went wrong.

After insertion is done, all accumulated events will be fired.

func (*BlockChain) InsertHeaderChain added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) InsertHeaderChain(chain []*types.Header, checkFreq int) (int, error)

InsertHeaderChain attempts to insert the given header chain in to the local chain, possibly creating a reorg. If an error is returned, it will return the index number of the failing header as well an error describing what went wrong.

The verify parameter can be used to fine tune whether nonce verification should be done or not. The reason behind the optional check is because some of the header retrieval mechanisms already need to verify nonces, as well as because nonces can be verified sparsely, not needing to check each.

func (*BlockChain) InsertReceiptChain added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) InsertReceiptChain(blockChain types.Blocks, receiptChain []types.Receipts, ancientLimit uint64) (int, error)

InsertReceiptChain attempts to complete an already existing header chain with transaction and receipt data.

func (*BlockChain) Processor added in v1.3.2

func (bc *BlockChain) Processor() Processor

Processor returns the current processor.

func (*BlockChain) Reset added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) Reset() error

Reset purges the entire blockchain, restoring it to its genesis state.

func (*BlockChain) ResetWithGenesisBlock added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) ResetWithGenesisBlock(genesis *types.Block) error

ResetWithGenesisBlock purges the entire blockchain, restoring it to the specified genesis state.

func (*BlockChain) Rollback added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) Rollback(chain []common.Hash)

Rollback is designed to remove a chain of links from the database that aren't certain enough to be valid.

func (*BlockChain) SetHead added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) SetHead(head uint64) error

SetHead rewinds the local chain to a new head. In the case of headers, everything above the new head will be deleted and the new one set. In the case of blocks though, the head may be further rewound if block bodies are missing (non-archive nodes after a fast sync).

func (*BlockChain) SetTxLookupLimit added in v1.9.20

func (bc *BlockChain) SetTxLookupLimit(limit uint64)

SetTxLookupLimit is responsible for updating the txlookup limit to the original one stored in db if the new mismatches with the old one.

func (*BlockChain) Snapshot added in v1.9.20

func (bc *BlockChain) Snapshot() *snapshot.Tree

Snapshot returns the blockchain snapshot tree. This method is mainly used for testing, to make it possible to verify the snapshot after execution.

Warning: There are no guarantees about the safety of using the returned 'snap' if the blockchain is simultaneously importing blocks, so take care.

func (*BlockChain) State added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) State() (*state.StateDB, error)

State returns a new mutable state based on the current HEAD block.

func (*BlockChain) StateAt added in v1.4.14

func (bc *BlockChain) StateAt(root common.Hash) (*state.StateDB, error)

StateAt returns a new mutable state based on a particular point in time.

func (*BlockChain) StateCache added in v1.8.19

func (bc *BlockChain) StateCache() state.Database

StateCache returns the caching database underpinning the blockchain instance.

func (*BlockChain) Stop added in v1.3.1

func (bc *BlockChain) Stop()

Stop stops the blockchain service. If any imports are currently in progress it will abort them using the procInterrupt.

func (*BlockChain) StopInsert added in v1.9.20

func (bc *BlockChain) StopInsert()

StopInsert interrupts all insertion methods, causing them to return errInsertionInterrupted as soon as possible. Insertion is permanently disabled after calling this method.

func (*BlockChain) SubscribeBlockProcessingEvent added in v1.9.0

func (bc *BlockChain) SubscribeBlockProcessingEvent(ch chan<- bool) event.Subscription

SubscribeBlockProcessingEvent registers a subscription of bool where true means block processing has started while false means it has stopped.

func (*BlockChain) SubscribeChainEvent added in v1.7.0

func (bc *BlockChain) SubscribeChainEvent(ch chan<- ChainEvent) event.Subscription

SubscribeChainEvent registers a subscription of ChainEvent.

func (*BlockChain) SubscribeChainHeadEvent added in v1.7.0

func (bc *BlockChain) SubscribeChainHeadEvent(ch chan<- ChainHeadEvent) event.Subscription

SubscribeChainHeadEvent registers a subscription of ChainHeadEvent.

func (*BlockChain) SubscribeChainSideEvent added in v1.7.0

func (bc *BlockChain) SubscribeChainSideEvent(ch chan<- ChainSideEvent) event.Subscription

SubscribeChainSideEvent registers a subscription of ChainSideEvent.

func (*BlockChain) SubscribeLogsEvent added in v1.7.0

func (bc *BlockChain) SubscribeLogsEvent(ch chan<- []*types.Log) event.Subscription

SubscribeLogsEvent registers a subscription of []*types.Log.

func (*BlockChain) SubscribeRemovedLogsEvent added in v1.7.0

func (bc *BlockChain) SubscribeRemovedLogsEvent(ch chan<- RemovedLogsEvent) event.Subscription

SubscribeRemovedLogsEvent registers a subscription of RemovedLogsEvent.

func (*BlockChain) TrieNode added in v1.8.0

func (bc *BlockChain) TrieNode(hash common.Hash) ([]byte, error)

TrieNode retrieves a blob of data associated with a trie node (or code hash) either from ephemeral in-memory cache, or from persistent storage.

func (*BlockChain) TxLookupLimit added in v1.9.20

func (bc *BlockChain) TxLookupLimit() uint64

TxLookupLimit retrieves the txlookup limit used by blockchain to prune stale transaction indices.

func (*BlockChain) Validator added in v1.3.2

func (bc *BlockChain) Validator() Validator

Validator returns the current validator.

func (*BlockChain) WriteBlockWithState added in v1.8.0

func (bc *BlockChain) WriteBlockWithState(block *types.Block, receipts []*types.Receipt, logs []*types.Log, state *state.StateDB, emitHeadEvent bool) (status WriteStatus, err error)

WriteBlockWithState writes the block and all associated state to the database.

type BlockGen added in v0.9.34

type BlockGen struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

BlockGen creates blocks for testing. See GenerateChain for a detailed explanation.

func (*BlockGen) AddTx added in v0.9.34

func (b *BlockGen) AddTx(tx *types.Transaction)

AddTx adds a transaction to the generated block. If no coinbase has been set, the block's coinbase is set to the zero address.

AddTx panics if the transaction cannot be executed. In addition to the protocol-imposed limitations (gas limit, etc.), there are some further limitations on the content of transactions that can be added. Notably, contract code relying on the BLOCKHASH instruction will panic during execution.

func (*BlockGen) AddTxWithChain added in v1.8.3

func (b *BlockGen) AddTxWithChain(bc *BlockChain, tx *types.Transaction)

AddTxWithChain adds a transaction to the generated block. If no coinbase has been set, the block's coinbase is set to the zero address.

AddTxWithChain panics if the transaction cannot be executed. In addition to the protocol-imposed limitations (gas limit, etc.), there are some further limitations on the content of transactions that can be added. If contract code relies on the BLOCKHASH instruction, the block in chain will be returned.

func (*BlockGen) AddUncheckedReceipt added in v1.3.1

func (b *BlockGen) AddUncheckedReceipt(receipt *types.Receipt)

AddUncheckedReceipt forcefully adds a receipts to the block without a backing transaction.

AddUncheckedReceipt will cause consensus failures when used during real chain processing. This is best used in conjunction with raw block insertion.

func (*BlockGen) AddUncheckedTx added in v1.9.0

func (b *BlockGen) AddUncheckedTx(tx *types.Transaction)

AddUncheckedTx forcefully adds a transaction to the block without any validation.

AddUncheckedTx will cause consensus failures when used during real chain processing. This is best used in conjunction with raw block insertion.

func (*BlockGen) AddUncle added in v0.9.34

func (b *BlockGen) AddUncle(h *types.Header)

AddUncle adds an uncle header to the generated block.

func (*BlockGen) Number added in v1.4.0

func (b *BlockGen) Number() *big.Int

Number returns the block number of the block being generated.

func (*BlockGen) OffsetTime added in v1.2.2

func (b *BlockGen) OffsetTime(seconds int64)

OffsetTime modifies the time instance of a block, implicitly changing its associated difficulty. It's useful to test scenarios where forking is not tied to chain length directly.

func (*BlockGen) PrevBlock added in v0.9.34

func (b *BlockGen) PrevBlock(index int) *types.Block

PrevBlock returns a previously generated block by number. It panics if num is greater or equal to the number of the block being generated. For index -1, PrevBlock returns the parent block given to GenerateChain.

func (*BlockGen) SetCoinbase added in v0.9.34

func (b *BlockGen) SetCoinbase(addr common.Address)

SetCoinbase sets the coinbase of the generated block. It can be called at most once.

func (*BlockGen) SetDifficulty added in v1.9.0

func (b *BlockGen) SetDifficulty(diff *big.Int)

SetDifficulty sets the difficulty field of the generated block. This method is useful for Clique tests where the difficulty does not depend on time. For the ethash tests, please use OffsetTime, which implicitly recalculates the diff.

func (*BlockGen) SetExtra added in v0.9.34

func (b *BlockGen) SetExtra(data []byte)

SetExtra sets the extra data field of the generated block.

func (*BlockGen) SetNonce added in v1.8.16

func (b *BlockGen) SetNonce(nonce types.BlockNonce)

SetNonce sets the nonce field of the generated block.

func (*BlockGen) TxNonce added in v0.9.34

func (b *BlockGen) TxNonce(addr common.Address) uint64

TxNonce returns the next valid transaction nonce for the account at addr. It panics if the account does not exist.

type BlockValidator added in v1.3.2

type BlockValidator struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

BlockValidator is responsible for validating block headers, uncles and processed state.

BlockValidator implements Validator.

func NewBlockValidator added in v1.3.2

func NewBlockValidator(config *params.ChainConfig, blockchain *BlockChain, engine consensus.Engine) *BlockValidator

NewBlockValidator returns a new block validator which is safe for re-use

func (*BlockValidator) ValidateBody added in v1.6.0

func (v *BlockValidator) ValidateBody(block *types.Block) error

ValidateBody validates the given block's uncles and verifies the block header's transaction and uncle roots. The headers are assumed to be already validated at this point.

func (*BlockValidator) ValidateState added in v1.3.2

func (v *BlockValidator) ValidateState(block *types.Block, statedb *state.StateDB, receipts types.Receipts, usedGas uint64) error

ValidateState validates the various changes that happen after a state transition, such as amount of used gas, the receipt roots and the state root itself. ValidateState returns a database batch if the validation was a success otherwise nil and an error is returned.

type CacheConfig added in v1.8.0

type CacheConfig struct {
	TrieCleanLimit      int           // Memory allowance (MB) to use for caching trie nodes in memory
	TrieCleanJournal    string        // Disk journal for saving clean cache entries.
	TrieCleanRejournal  time.Duration // Time interval to dump clean cache to disk periodically
	TrieCleanNoPrefetch bool          // Whether to disable heuristic state prefetching for followup blocks
	TrieDirtyLimit      int           // Memory limit (MB) at which to start flushing dirty trie nodes to disk
	TrieDirtyDisabled   bool          // Whether to disable trie write caching and GC altogether (archive node)
	TrieTimeLimit       time.Duration // Time limit after which to flush the current in-memory trie to disk
	SnapshotLimit       int           // Memory allowance (MB) to use for caching snapshot entries in memory

	SnapshotWait bool // Wait for snapshot construction on startup. TODO(karalabe): This is a dirty hack for testing, nuke it
}

CacheConfig contains the configuration values for the trie caching/pruning that's resident in a blockchain.

type ChainContext added in v1.6.0

type ChainContext interface {
	// Engine retrieves the chain's consensus engine.
	Engine() consensus.Engine

	// GetHeader returns the hash corresponding to their hash.
	GetHeader(common.Hash, uint64) *types.Header
}

ChainContext supports retrieving headers and consensus parameters from the current blockchain to be used during transaction processing.

type ChainEvent added in v0.8.4

type ChainEvent struct {
	Block *types.Block
	Hash  common.Hash
	Logs  []*types.Log
}

type ChainHeadEvent added in v0.9.17

type ChainHeadEvent struct{ Block *types.Block }

type ChainIndexer added in v1.7.0

type ChainIndexer struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

ChainIndexer does a post-processing job for equally sized sections of the canonical chain (like BlooomBits and CHT structures). A ChainIndexer is connected to the blockchain through the event system by starting a ChainHeadEventLoop in a goroutine.

Further child ChainIndexers can be added which use the output of the parent section indexer. These child indexers receive new head notifications only after an entire section has been finished or in case of rollbacks that might affect already finished sections.

func NewChainIndexer added in v1.7.0

func NewChainIndexer(chainDb ethdb.Database, indexDb ethdb.Database, backend ChainIndexerBackend, section, confirm uint64, throttling time.Duration, kind string) *ChainIndexer

NewChainIndexer creates a new chain indexer to do background processing on chain segments of a given size after certain number of confirmations passed. The throttling parameter might be used to prevent database thrashing.

func (*ChainIndexer) AddCheckpoint added in v1.8.15

func (c *ChainIndexer) AddCheckpoint(section uint64, shead common.Hash)

AddCheckpoint adds a checkpoint. Sections are never processed and the chain is not expected to be available before this point. The indexer assumes that the backend has sufficient information available to process subsequent sections.

Note: knownSections == 0 and storedSections == checkpointSections until syncing reaches the checkpoint

func (*ChainIndexer) AddChildIndexer added in v1.7.0

func (c *ChainIndexer) AddChildIndexer(indexer *ChainIndexer)

AddChildIndexer adds a child ChainIndexer that can use the output of this one

func (*ChainIndexer) Close added in v1.7.0

func (c *ChainIndexer) Close() error

Close tears down all goroutines belonging to the indexer and returns any error that might have occurred internally.

func (*ChainIndexer) Prune added in v1.9.20

func (c *ChainIndexer) Prune(threshold uint64) error

Prune deletes all chain data older than given threshold.

func (*ChainIndexer) SectionHead added in v1.7.3

func (c *ChainIndexer) SectionHead(section uint64) common.Hash

SectionHead retrieves the last block hash of a processed section from the index database.

func (*ChainIndexer) Sections added in v1.7.0

func (c *ChainIndexer) Sections() (uint64, uint64, common.Hash)

Sections returns the number of processed sections maintained by the indexer and also the information about the last header indexed for potential canonical verifications.

func (*ChainIndexer) Start added in v1.7.0

func (c *ChainIndexer) Start(chain ChainIndexerChain)

Start creates a goroutine to feed chain head events into the indexer for cascading background processing. Children do not need to be started, they are notified about new events by their parents.

type ChainIndexerBackend added in v1.7.0

type ChainIndexerBackend interface {
	// Reset initiates the processing of a new chain segment, potentially terminating
	// any partially completed operations (in case of a reorg).
	Reset(ctx context.Context, section uint64, prevHead common.Hash) error

	// Process crunches through the next header in the chain segment. The caller
	// will ensure a sequential order of headers.
	Process(ctx context.Context, header *types.Header) error

	// Commit finalizes the section metadata and stores it into the database.
	Commit() error

	// Prune deletes the chain index older than the given threshold.
	Prune(threshold uint64) error
}

ChainIndexerBackend defines the methods needed to process chain segments in the background and write the segment results into the database. These can be used to create filter blooms or CHTs.

type ChainIndexerChain added in v1.7.3

type ChainIndexerChain interface {
	// CurrentHeader retrieves the latest locally known header.
	CurrentHeader() *types.Header

	// SubscribeChainHeadEvent subscribes to new head header notifications.
	SubscribeChainHeadEvent(ch chan<- ChainHeadEvent) event.Subscription
}

ChainIndexerChain interface is used for connecting the indexer to a blockchain

type ChainSideEvent added in v0.9.17

type ChainSideEvent struct {
	Block *types.Block
}

type DeleteBlockContentCallback added in v1.9.0

type DeleteBlockContentCallback func(ethdb.KeyValueWriter, common.Hash, uint64)

DeleteBlockContentCallback is a callback function that is called by SetHead before each header is deleted.

type ExecutionResult added in v1.9.20

type ExecutionResult struct {
	UsedGas    uint64 // Total used gas but include the refunded gas
	Err        error  // Any error encountered during the execution(listed in core/vm/errors.go)
	ReturnData []byte // Returned data from evm(function result or data supplied with revert opcode)
}

ExecutionResult includes all output after executing given evm message no matter the execution itself is successful or not.

func ApplyMessage added in v0.9.17

func ApplyMessage(evm *vm.EVM, msg Message, gp *GasPool) (*ExecutionResult, error)

ApplyMessage computes the new state by applying the given message against the old state within the environment.

ApplyMessage returns the bytes returned by any EVM execution (if it took place), the gas used (which includes gas refunds) and an error if it failed. An error always indicates a core error meaning that the message would always fail for that particular state and would never be accepted within a block.

func (*ExecutionResult) Failed added in v1.9.20

func (result *ExecutionResult) Failed() bool

Failed returns the indicator whether the execution is successful or not

func (*ExecutionResult) Return added in v1.9.20

func (result *ExecutionResult) Return() []byte

Return is a helper function to help caller distinguish between revert reason and function return. Return returns the data after execution if no error occurs.

func (*ExecutionResult) Revert added in v1.9.20

func (result *ExecutionResult) Revert() []byte

Revert returns the concrete revert reason if the execution is aborted by `REVERT` opcode. Note the reason can be nil if no data supplied with revert opcode.

func (*ExecutionResult) Unwrap added in v1.9.20

func (result *ExecutionResult) Unwrap() error

Unwrap returns the internal evm error which allows us for further analysis outside.

type GasPool added in v1.0.3

type GasPool uint64

GasPool tracks the amount of gas available during execution of the transactions in a block. The zero value is a pool with zero gas available.

func (*GasPool) AddGas added in v1.0.3

func (gp *GasPool) AddGas(amount uint64) *GasPool

AddGas makes gas available for execution.

func (*GasPool) Gas added in v1.8.0

func (gp *GasPool) Gas() uint64

Gas returns the amount of gas remaining in the pool.

func (*GasPool) String added in v1.3.1

func (gp *GasPool) String() string

func (*GasPool) SubGas added in v1.0.3

func (gp *GasPool) SubGas(amount uint64) error

SubGas deducts the given amount from the pool if enough gas is available and returns an error otherwise.

type Genesis

type Genesis struct {
	Config     *params.ChainConfig `json:"config"`
	Nonce      uint64              `json:"nonce"`
	Timestamp  uint64              `json:"timestamp"`
	ExtraData  []byte              `json:"extraData"`
	GasLimit   uint64              `json:"gasLimit"   gencodec:"required"`
	Difficulty *big.Int            `json:"difficulty" gencodec:"required"`
	Mixhash    common.Hash         `json:"mixHash"`
	Coinbase   common.Address      `json:"coinbase"`
	Alloc      GenesisAlloc        `json:"alloc"      gencodec:"required"`

	// These fields are used for consensus tests. Please don't use them
	// in actual genesis blocks.
	Number     uint64      `json:"number"`
	GasUsed    uint64      `json:"gasUsed"`
	ParentHash common.Hash `json:"parentHash"`
}

Genesis specifies the header fields, state of a genesis block. It also defines hard fork switch-over blocks through the chain configuration.

func DefaultGenesisBlock added in v1.4.0

func DefaultGenesisBlock() *Genesis

DefaultGenesisBlock returns the Ethereum main net genesis block.

func DefaultGoerliGenesisBlock added in v1.8.23

func DefaultGoerliGenesisBlock() *Genesis

DefaultGoerliGenesisBlock returns the Görli network genesis block.

func DefaultRinkebyGenesisBlock added in v1.6.1

func DefaultRinkebyGenesisBlock() *Genesis

DefaultRinkebyGenesisBlock returns the Rinkeby network genesis block.

func DefaultRopstenGenesisBlock added in v1.9.20

func DefaultRopstenGenesisBlock() *Genesis

DefaultRopstenGenesisBlock returns the Ropsten network genesis block.

func DefaultYoloV1GenesisBlock added in v1.9.20

func DefaultYoloV1GenesisBlock() *Genesis

func DeveloperGenesisBlock added in v1.7.3

func DeveloperGenesisBlock(period uint64, faucet common.Address) *Genesis

DeveloperGenesisBlock returns the 'geth --dev' genesis block.

func (*Genesis) Commit added in v1.6.0

func (g *Genesis) Commit(db ethdb.Database) (*types.Block, error)

Commit writes the block and state of a genesis specification to the database. The block is committed as the canonical head block.

func (Genesis) MarshalJSON added in v1.6.0

func (g Genesis) MarshalJSON() ([]byte, error)

func (*Genesis) MustCommit added in v1.6.0

func (g *Genesis) MustCommit(db ethdb.Database) *types.Block

MustCommit writes the genesis block and state to db, panicking on error. The block is committed as the canonical head block.

func (*Genesis) ToBlock added in v1.6.0

func (g *Genesis) ToBlock(db ethdb.Database) *types.Block

ToBlock creates the genesis block and writes state of a genesis specification to the given database (or discards it if nil).

func (*Genesis) UnmarshalJSON added in v1.6.0

func (g *Genesis) UnmarshalJSON(input []byte) error

type GenesisAccount added in v1.2.2

type GenesisAccount struct {
	Code       []byte                      `json:"code,omitempty"`
	Storage    map[common.Hash]common.Hash `json:"storage,omitempty"`
	Balance    *big.Int                    `json:"balance" gencodec:"required"`
	Nonce      uint64                      `json:"nonce,omitempty"`
	PrivateKey []byte                      `json:"secretKey,omitempty"` // for tests
}

GenesisAccount is an account in the state of the genesis block.

func (GenesisAccount) MarshalJSON added in v1.6.0

func (g GenesisAccount) MarshalJSON() ([]byte, error)

func (*GenesisAccount) UnmarshalJSON added in v1.6.0

func (g *GenesisAccount) UnmarshalJSON(input []byte) error

type GenesisAlloc added in v1.6.0

type GenesisAlloc map[common.Address]GenesisAccount

GenesisAlloc specifies the initial state that is part of the genesis block.

func (*GenesisAlloc) UnmarshalJSON added in v1.6.7

func (ga *GenesisAlloc) UnmarshalJSON(data []byte) error

type GenesisMismatchError added in v1.6.0

type GenesisMismatchError struct {
	Stored, New common.Hash
}

GenesisMismatchError is raised when trying to overwrite an existing genesis block with an incompatible one.

func (*GenesisMismatchError) Error added in v1.6.0

func (e *GenesisMismatchError) Error() string

type HeaderChain added in v1.4.0

type HeaderChain struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

HeaderChain implements the basic block header chain logic that is shared by core.BlockChain and light.LightChain. It is not usable in itself, only as a part of either structure.

HeaderChain is responsible for maintaining the header chain including the header query and updating.

The components maintained by headerchain includes: (1) total difficult (2) header (3) block hash -> number mapping (4) canonical number -> hash mapping and (5) head header flag.

It is not thread safe either, the encapsulating chain structures should do the necessary mutex locking/unlocking.

func NewHeaderChain added in v1.4.0

func NewHeaderChain(chainDb ethdb.Database, config *params.ChainConfig, engine consensus.Engine, procInterrupt func() bool) (*HeaderChain, error)

NewHeaderChain creates a new HeaderChain structure. ProcInterrupt points to the parent's interrupt semaphore.

func (*HeaderChain) Config added in v1.6.0

func (hc *HeaderChain) Config() *params.ChainConfig

Config retrieves the header chain's chain configuration.

func (*HeaderChain) CurrentHeader added in v1.4.0

func (hc *HeaderChain) CurrentHeader() *types.Header

CurrentHeader retrieves the current head header of the canonical chain. The header is retrieved from the HeaderChain's internal cache.

func (*HeaderChain) Engine added in v1.6.0

func (hc *HeaderChain) Engine() consensus.Engine

Engine retrieves the header chain's consensus engine.

func (*HeaderChain) GetAncestor added in v1.8.11

func (hc *HeaderChain) GetAncestor(hash common.Hash, number, ancestor uint64, maxNonCanonical *uint64) (common.Hash, uint64)

GetAncestor retrieves the Nth ancestor of a given block. It assumes that either the given block or a close ancestor of it is canonical. maxNonCanonical points to a downwards counter limiting the number of blocks to be individually checked before we reach the canonical chain.

Note: ancestor == 0 returns the same block, 1 returns its parent and so on.

func (*HeaderChain) GetBlock added in v1.6.0

func (hc *HeaderChain) GetBlock(hash common.Hash, number uint64) *types.Block

GetBlock implements consensus.ChainReader, and returns nil for every input as a header chain does not have blocks available for retrieval.

func (*HeaderChain) GetBlockHashesFromHash added in v1.4.0

func (hc *HeaderChain) GetBlockHashesFromHash(hash common.Hash, max uint64) []common.Hash

GetBlockHashesFromHash retrieves a number of block hashes starting at a given hash, fetching towards the genesis block.

func (*HeaderChain) GetBlockNumber added in v1.5.0

func (hc *HeaderChain) GetBlockNumber(hash common.Hash) *uint64

GetBlockNumber retrieves the block number belonging to the given hash from the cache or database

func (*HeaderChain) GetCanonicalHash added in v1.9.6

func (hc *HeaderChain) GetCanonicalHash(number uint64) common.Hash

func (*HeaderChain) GetHeader added in v1.4.0

func (hc *HeaderChain) GetHeader(hash common.Hash, number uint64) *types.Header

GetHeader retrieves a block header from the database by hash and number, caching it if found.

func (*HeaderChain) GetHeaderByHash added in v1.5.0

func (hc *HeaderChain) GetHeaderByHash(hash common.Hash) *types.Header

GetHeaderByHash retrieves a block header from the database by hash, caching it if found.

func (*HeaderChain) GetHeaderByNumber added in v1.4.0

func (hc *HeaderChain) GetHeaderByNumber(number uint64) *types.Header

GetHeaderByNumber retrieves a block header from the database by number, caching it (associated with its hash) if found.

func (*HeaderChain) GetTd added in v1.4.0

func (hc *HeaderChain) GetTd(hash common.Hash, number uint64) *big.Int

GetTd retrieves a block's total difficulty in the canonical chain from the database by hash and number, caching it if found.

func (*HeaderChain) GetTdByHash added in v1.5.0

func (hc *HeaderChain) GetTdByHash(hash common.Hash) *big.Int

GetTdByHash retrieves a block's total difficulty in the canonical chain from the database by hash, caching it if found.

func (*HeaderChain) HasHeader added in v1.4.0

func (hc *HeaderChain) HasHeader(hash common.Hash, number uint64) bool

HasHeader checks if a block header is present in the database or not. In theory, if header is present in the database, all relative components like td and hash->number should be present too.

func (*HeaderChain) InsertHeaderChain added in v1.4.0

func (hc *HeaderChain) InsertHeaderChain(chain []*types.Header, writeHeader WhCallback, start time.Time) (int, error)

InsertHeaderChain attempts to insert the given header chain in to the local chain, possibly creating a reorg. If an error is returned, it will return the index number of the failing header as well an error describing what went wrong.

The verify parameter can be used to fine tune whether nonce verification should be done or not. The reason behind the optional check is because some of the header retrieval mechanisms already need to verfy nonces, as well as because nonces can be verified sparsely, not needing to check each.

func (*HeaderChain) SetCurrentHeader added in v1.4.0

func (hc *HeaderChain) SetCurrentHeader(head *types.Header)

SetCurrentHeader sets the in-memory head header marker of the canonical chan as the given header.

func (*HeaderChain) SetGenesis added in v1.4.0

func (hc *HeaderChain) SetGenesis(head *types.Header)

SetGenesis sets a new genesis block header for the chain

func (*HeaderChain) SetHead added in v1.4.0

func (hc *HeaderChain) SetHead(head uint64, updateFn UpdateHeadBlocksCallback, delFn DeleteBlockContentCallback)

SetHead rewinds the local chain to a new head. Everything above the new head will be deleted and the new one set.

func (*HeaderChain) ValidateHeaderChain added in v1.6.0

func (hc *HeaderChain) ValidateHeaderChain(chain []*types.Header, checkFreq int) (int, error)

func (*HeaderChain) WriteHeader added in v1.4.0

func (hc *HeaderChain) WriteHeader(header *types.Header) (status WriteStatus, err error)

WriteHeader writes a header into the local chain, given that its parent is already known. If the total difficulty of the newly inserted header becomes greater than the current known TD, the canonical chain is re-routed.

Note: This method is not concurrent-safe with inserting blocks simultaneously into the chain, as side effects caused by reorganisations cannot be emulated without the real blocks. Hence, writing headers directly should only be done in two scenarios: pure-header mode of operation (light clients), or properly separated header/block phases (non-archive clients).

type Message

type Message interface {
	From() common.Address
	To() *common.Address

	GasPrice() *big.Int
	Gas() uint64
	Value() *big.Int

	Nonce() uint64
	CheckNonce() bool
	Data() []byte
}

Message represents a message sent to a contract.

type NewMinedBlockEvent added in v0.8.4

type NewMinedBlockEvent struct{ Block *types.Block }

NewMinedBlockEvent is posted when a block has been imported.

type NewTxsEvent added in v1.8.9

type NewTxsEvent struct{ Txs []*types.Transaction }

NewTxsEvent is posted when a batch of transactions enter the transaction pool.

type Prefetcher added in v1.9.0

type Prefetcher interface {
	// Prefetch processes the state changes according to the Ethereum rules by running
	// the transaction messages using the statedb, but any changes are discarded. The
	// only goal is to pre-cache transaction signatures and state trie nodes.
	Prefetch(block *types.Block, statedb *state.StateDB, cfg vm.Config, interrupt *uint32)
}

Prefetcher is an interface for pre-caching transaction signatures and state.

type Processor added in v1.3.2

type Processor interface {
	// Process processes the state changes according to the Ethereum rules by running
	// the transaction messages using the statedb and applying any rewards to both
	// the processor (coinbase) and any included uncles.
	Process(block *types.Block, statedb *state.StateDB, cfg vm.Config) (types.Receipts, []*types.Log, uint64, error)
}

Processor is an interface for processing blocks using a given initial state.

type RemovedLogsEvent added in v1.4.0

type RemovedLogsEvent struct{ Logs []*types.Log }

RemovedLogsEvent is posted when a reorg happens

type StateProcessor added in v1.3.2

type StateProcessor struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

StateProcessor is a basic Processor, which takes care of transitioning state from one point to another.

StateProcessor implements Processor.

func NewStateProcessor added in v1.3.2

func NewStateProcessor(config *params.ChainConfig, bc *BlockChain, engine consensus.Engine) *StateProcessor

NewStateProcessor initialises a new StateProcessor.

func (*StateProcessor) Process added in v1.3.2

func (p *StateProcessor) Process(block *types.Block, statedb *state.StateDB, cfg vm.Config) (types.Receipts, []*types.Log, uint64, error)

Process processes the state changes according to the Ethereum rules by running the transaction messages using the statedb and applying any rewards to both the processor (coinbase) and any included uncles.

Process returns the receipts and logs accumulated during the process and returns the amount of gas that was used in the process. If any of the transactions failed to execute due to insufficient gas it will return an error.

type StateTransition

type StateTransition struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

The State Transitioning Model

A state transition is a change made when a transaction is applied to the current world state The state transitioning model does all the necessary work to work out a valid new state root.

1) Nonce handling 2) Pre pay gas 3) Create a new state object if the recipient is \0*32 4) Value transfer == If contract creation ==

4a) Attempt to run transaction data
4b) If valid, use result as code for the new state object

== end == 5) Run Script section 6) Derive new state root

func NewStateTransition

func NewStateTransition(evm *vm.EVM, msg Message, gp *GasPool) *StateTransition

NewStateTransition initialises and returns a new state transition object.

func (*StateTransition) TransitionDb added in v1.4.0

func (st *StateTransition) TransitionDb() (*ExecutionResult, error)

TransitionDb will transition the state by applying the current message and returning the evm execution result with following fields.

- used gas:

total gas used (including gas being refunded)

- returndata:

the returned data from evm

- concrete execution error:

various **EVM** error which aborts the execution,
e.g. ErrOutOfGas, ErrExecutionReverted

However if any consensus issue encountered, return the error directly with nil evm execution result.

type TxPool

type TxPool struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

TxPool contains all currently known transactions. Transactions enter the pool when they are received from the network or submitted locally. They exit the pool when they are included in the blockchain.

The pool separates processable transactions (which can be applied to the current state) and future transactions. Transactions move between those two states over time as they are received and processed.

func NewTxPool

func NewTxPool(config TxPoolConfig, chainconfig *params.ChainConfig, chain blockChain) *TxPool

NewTxPool creates a new transaction pool to gather, sort and filter inbound transactions from the network.

func (*TxPool) AddLocal added in v1.6.7

func (pool *TxPool) AddLocal(tx *types.Transaction) error

AddLocal enqueues a single local transaction into the pool if it is valid. This is a convenience wrapper aroundd AddLocals.

func (*TxPool) AddLocals added in v1.6.7

func (pool *TxPool) AddLocals(txs []*types.Transaction) []error

AddLocals enqueues a batch of transactions into the pool if they are valid, marking the senders as a local ones, ensuring they go around the local pricing constraints.

This method is used to add transactions from the RPC API and performs synchronous pool reorganization and event propagation.

func (*TxPool) AddRemote deprecated added in v1.6.7

func (pool *TxPool) AddRemote(tx *types.Transaction) error

AddRemote enqueues a single transaction into the pool if it is valid. This is a convenience wrapper around AddRemotes.

Deprecated: use AddRemotes

func (*TxPool) AddRemotes added in v1.6.7

func (pool *TxPool) AddRemotes(txs []*types.Transaction) []error

AddRemotes enqueues a batch of transactions into the pool if they are valid. If the senders are not among the locally tracked ones, full pricing constraints will apply.

This method is used to add transactions from the p2p network and does not wait for pool reorganization and internal event propagation.

func (*TxPool) AddRemotesSync added in v1.9.1

func (pool *TxPool) AddRemotesSync(txs []*types.Transaction) []error

This is like AddRemotes, but waits for pool reorganization. Tests use this method.

func (*TxPool) Content added in v1.4.0

func (pool *TxPool) Content() (map[common.Address]types.Transactions, map[common.Address]types.Transactions)

Content retrieves the data content of the transaction pool, returning all the pending as well as queued transactions, grouped by account and sorted by nonce.

func (*TxPool) GasPrice added in v1.6.2

func (pool *TxPool) GasPrice() *big.Int

GasPrice returns the current gas price enforced by the transaction pool.

func (*TxPool) Get added in v1.4.17

func (pool *TxPool) Get(hash common.Hash) *types.Transaction

Get returns a transaction if it is contained in the pool and nil otherwise.

func (*TxPool) Has added in v1.9.20

func (pool *TxPool) Has(hash common.Hash) bool

Has returns an indicator whether txpool has a transaction cached with the given hash.

func (*TxPool) Locals added in v1.8.14

func (pool *TxPool) Locals() []common.Address

Locals retrieves the accounts currently considered local by the pool.

func (*TxPool) Nonce added in v1.9.0

func (pool *TxPool) Nonce(addr common.Address) uint64

Nonce returns the next nonce of an account, with all transactions executable by the pool already applied on top.

func (*TxPool) Pending added in v1.4.17

func (pool *TxPool) Pending() (map[common.Address]types.Transactions, error)

Pending retrieves all currently processable transactions, grouped by origin account and sorted by nonce. The returned transaction set is a copy and can be freely modified by calling code.

func (*TxPool) SetGasPrice added in v1.6.2

func (pool *TxPool) SetGasPrice(price *big.Int)

SetGasPrice updates the minimum price required by the transaction pool for a new transaction, and drops all transactions below this threshold.

func (*TxPool) Stats added in v0.9.36

func (pool *TxPool) Stats() (int, int)

Stats retrieves the current pool stats, namely the number of pending and the number of queued (non-executable) transactions.

func (*TxPool) Status added in v1.7.3

func (pool *TxPool) Status(hashes []common.Hash) []TxStatus

Status returns the status (unknown/pending/queued) of a batch of transactions identified by their hashes.

func (*TxPool) Stop

func (pool *TxPool) Stop()

Stop terminates the transaction pool.

func (*TxPool) SubscribeNewTxsEvent added in v1.8.9

func (pool *TxPool) SubscribeNewTxsEvent(ch chan<- NewTxsEvent) event.Subscription

SubscribeNewTxsEvent registers a subscription of NewTxsEvent and starts sending event to the given channel.

type TxPoolConfig added in v1.6.2

type TxPoolConfig struct {
	Locals    []common.Address // Addresses that should be treated by default as local
	NoLocals  bool             // Whether local transaction handling should be disabled
	Journal   string           // Journal of local transactions to survive node restarts
	Rejournal time.Duration    // Time interval to regenerate the local transaction journal

	PriceLimit uint64 // Minimum gas price to enforce for acceptance into the pool
	PriceBump  uint64 // Minimum price bump percentage to replace an already existing transaction (nonce)

	AccountSlots uint64 // Number of executable transaction slots guaranteed per account
	GlobalSlots  uint64 // Maximum number of executable transaction slots for all accounts
	AccountQueue uint64 // Maximum number of non-executable transaction slots permitted per account
	GlobalQueue  uint64 // Maximum number of non-executable transaction slots for all accounts

	Lifetime time.Duration // Maximum amount of time non-executable transaction are queued
}

TxPoolConfig are the configuration parameters of the transaction pool.

type TxStatus added in v1.7.3

type TxStatus uint

TxStatus is the current status of a transaction as seen by the pool.

const (
	TxStatusUnknown TxStatus = iota
	TxStatusQueued
	TxStatusPending
	TxStatusIncluded
)

type UpdateHeadBlocksCallback added in v1.9.0

type UpdateHeadBlocksCallback func(ethdb.KeyValueWriter, *types.Header)

UpdateHeadBlocksCallback is a callback function that is called by SetHead before head header is updated.

type Validator added in v1.3.2

type Validator interface {
	// ValidateBody validates the given block's content.
	ValidateBody(block *types.Block) error

	// ValidateState validates the given statedb and optionally the receipts and
	// gas used.
	ValidateState(block *types.Block, state *state.StateDB, receipts types.Receipts, usedGas uint64) error
}

Validator is an interface which defines the standard for block validation. It is only responsible for validating block contents, as the header validation is done by the specific consensus engines.

type WhCallback added in v1.4.0

type WhCallback func(*types.Header) error

WhCallback is a callback function for inserting individual headers. A callback is used for two reasons: first, in a LightChain, status should be processed and light chain events sent, while in a BlockChain this is not necessary since chain events are sent after inserting blocks. Second, the header writes should be protected by the parent chain mutex individually.

type WriteStatus added in v1.4.0

type WriteStatus byte

WriteStatus status of write

const (
	NonStatTy WriteStatus = iota
	CanonStatTy
	SideStatTy
)

Directories

Path Synopsis
Provides support for dealing with EVM assembly instructions (e.g., disassembling them).
Provides support for dealing with EVM assembly instructions (e.g., disassembling them).
Package bloombits implements bloom filtering on batches of data.
Package bloombits implements bloom filtering on batches of data.
Package forkid implements EIP-2124 (https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-2124).
Package forkid implements EIP-2124 (https://eips.ethereum.org/EIPS/eip-2124).
Package rawdb contains a collection of low level database accessors.
Package rawdb contains a collection of low level database accessors.
Package state provides a caching layer atop the Ethereum state trie.
Package state provides a caching layer atop the Ethereum state trie.
snapshot
Package snapshot implements a journalled, dynamic state dump.
Package snapshot implements a journalled, dynamic state dump.
Package types contains data types related to Ethereum consensus.
Package types contains data types related to Ethereum consensus.
vm
Package vm implements the Ethereum Virtual Machine.
Package vm implements the Ethereum Virtual Machine.
runtime
Package runtime provides a basic execution model for executing EVM code.
Package runtime provides a basic execution model for executing EVM code.

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