Package errors implements custom error interfaces for cosmos-sdk.

Error declarations should be generic and cover broad range of cases. Each returned error instance can wrap a generic error declaration to provide more details.

This package provides a broad range of errors declared that fits all common cases. If an error is very specific for an extension it can be registered outside of the errors package. If it will be needed my many extensions, please consider registering it in the errors package. To create a new error instance use Register function. You must provide a unique, non zero error code and a short description, for example:

var ErrZeroDivision = errors.Register(9241, "zero division")

When returning an error, you can attach to it an additional context information by using Wrap function, for example:

   func safeDiv(val, div int) (int, err) {
	   if div == 0 {
		   return 0, errors.Wrapf(ErrZeroDivision, "cannot divide %d", val)
	   return val / div, nil

The first time an error instance is wrapped a stacktrace is attached as well. Stacktrace information can be printed using %+v and %v formats.

%s  is just the error message
%+v is the full stack trace
%v  appends a compressed [filename:line] where the error was created



View Source
const RootCodespace = "sdk"

RootCodespace is the codespace for all errors defined in this package

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const (
	// SuccessABCICode declares an ABCI response use 0 to signal that the
	// processing was successful and no error is returned.
	SuccessABCICode = 0
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const UndefinedCodespace = "undefined"

UndefinedCodespace when we explicitly declare no codespace


View Source
var (

	// ErrTxDecode is returned if we cannot parse a transaction
	ErrTxDecode = Register(RootCodespace, 2, "tx parse error")

	// ErrInvalidSequence is used the sequence number (nonce) is incorrect
	// for the signature
	ErrInvalidSequence = Register(RootCodespace, 3, "invalid sequence")

	// ErrUnauthorized is used whenever a request without sufficient
	// authorization is handled.
	ErrUnauthorized = Register(RootCodespace, 4, "unauthorized")

	// ErrInsufficientFunds is used when the account cannot pay requested amount.
	ErrInsufficientFunds = Register(RootCodespace, 5, "insufficient funds")

	// ErrUnknownRequest to doc
	ErrUnknownRequest = Register(RootCodespace, 6, "unknown request")

	// ErrInvalidAddress to doc
	ErrInvalidAddress = Register(RootCodespace, 7, "invalid address")

	// ErrInvalidPubKey to doc
	ErrInvalidPubKey = Register(RootCodespace, 8, "invalid pubkey")

	// ErrUnknownAddress to doc
	ErrUnknownAddress = Register(RootCodespace, 9, "unknown address")

	// ErrInvalidCoins to doc
	ErrInvalidCoins = Register(RootCodespace, 10, "invalid coins")

	// ErrOutOfGas to doc
	ErrOutOfGas = Register(RootCodespace, 11, "out of gas")

	// ErrMemoTooLarge to doc
	ErrMemoTooLarge = Register(RootCodespace, 12, "memo too large")

	// ErrInsufficientFee to doc
	ErrInsufficientFee = Register(RootCodespace, 13, "insufficient fee")

	// ErrTooManySignatures to doc
	ErrTooManySignatures = Register(RootCodespace, 14, "maximum number of signatures exceeded")

	// ErrNoSignatures to doc
	ErrNoSignatures = Register(RootCodespace, 15, "no signatures supplied")

	// ErrJSONMarshal defines an ABCI typed JSON marshalling error
	ErrJSONMarshal = Register(RootCodespace, 16, "failed to marshal JSON bytes")

	// ErrJSONUnmarshal defines an ABCI typed JSON unmarshalling error
	ErrJSONUnmarshal = Register(RootCodespace, 17, "failed to unmarshal JSON bytes")

	// ErrInvalidRequest defines an ABCI typed error where the request contains
	// invalid data.
	ErrInvalidRequest = Register(RootCodespace, 18, "invalid request")

	// ErrTxInMempoolCache defines an ABCI typed error where a tx already exists
	// in the mempool.
	ErrTxInMempoolCache = Register(RootCodespace, 19, "tx already in mempool")

	// ErrMempoolIsFull defines an ABCI typed error where the mempool is full.
	ErrMempoolIsFull = Register(RootCodespace, 20, "mempool is full")

	// ErrTxTooLarge defines an ABCI typed error where tx is too large.
	ErrTxTooLarge = Register(RootCodespace, 21, "tx too large")

	// ErrPanic is only set when we recover from a panic, so we know to
	// redact potentially sensitive system info
	ErrPanic = Register(UndefinedCodespace, 111222, "panic")


func ABCIError

func ABCIError(codespace string, code uint32, log string) error

ABCIError will resolve an error code/log from an abci result into an error message. If the code is registered, it will map it back to the canonical error, so we can do eg. ErrNotFound.Is(err) on something we get back from an external API.

This should *only* be used in clients, not in the server side. The server (abci app / blockchain) should only refer to registered errors

func ABCIInfo

func ABCIInfo(err error, debug bool) (codespace string, code uint32, log string)

ABCIInfo returns the ABCI error information as consumed by the tendermint client. Returned codespace, code, and log message should be used as a ABCI response. Any error that does not provide ABCICode information is categorized as error with code 1, codespace UndefinedCodespace When not running in a debug mode all messages of errors that do not provide ABCICode information are replaced with generic "internal error". Errors without an ABCICode information as considered internal.

func QueryResult

func QueryResult(err error) abci.ResponseQuery

QueryResult returns a ResponseQuery from an error. It will try to parse ABCI info from the error.

func Recover

func Recover(err *error)

Recover captures a panic and stop its propagation. If panic happens it is transformed into a ErrPanic instance and assigned to given error. Call this function using defer in order to work as expected.

func Redact

func Redact(err error) error

Redact replace all errors that do not initialize with a weave error with a generic internal error instance. This function is supposed to hide implementation details errors and leave only those that weave framework originates.

func ResponseCheckTx

func ResponseCheckTx(err error, gw, gu uint64, debug bool) abci.ResponseCheckTx

ResponseCheckTx returns an ABCI ResponseCheckTx object with fields filled in from the given error and gas values.

func ResponseDeliverTx

func ResponseDeliverTx(err error, gw, gu uint64, debug bool) abci.ResponseDeliverTx

ResponseDeliverTx returns an ABCI ResponseDeliverTx object with fields filled in from the given error and gas values.

func WithType

func WithType(err error, obj interface{}) error

WithType is a helper to augment an error with a corresponding type message

func Wrap

func Wrap(err error, description string) error

Wrap extends given error with an additional information.

If the wrapped error does not provide ABCICode method (ie. stdlib errors), it will be labeled as internal error.

If err is nil, this returns nil, avoiding the need for an if statement when wrapping a error returned at the end of a function

func Wrapf

func Wrapf(err error, format string, args ...interface{}) error

Wrapf extends given error with an additional information.

This function works like Wrap function with additional functionality of formatting the input as specified.


type Error

type Error struct {

	// contains filtered or unexported fields


Error represents a root error.

Weave framework is using root error to categorize issues. Each instance created during the runtime should wrap one of the declared root errors. This allows error tests and returning all errors to the client in a safe manner.

All popular root errors are declared in this package. If an extension has to declare a custom root error, always use Register function to ensure error code uniqueness.

func New

func New(codespace string, code uint32, desc string) *Error

func Register

func Register(codespace string, code uint32, description string) *Error

Register returns an error instance that should be used as the base for creating error instances during runtime.

Popular root errors are declared in this package, but extensions may want to declare custom codes. This function ensures that no error code is used twice. Attempt to reuse an error code results in panic.

Use this function only during a program startup phase.

func (Error) ABCICode

func (e Error) ABCICode() uint32

func (Error) Codespace

func (e Error) Codespace() string

func (Error) Error

func (e Error) Error() string

func (*Error) Is

func (e *Error) Is(err error) bool

Is check if given error instance is of a given kind/type. This involves unwrapping given error using the Cause method if available.