vm

package
Version: v1.10.6 Latest Latest
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Published: Jul 22, 2021 License: GPL-3.0 Imports: 27 Imported by: 965

Documentation

Overview

Package vm implements the Ethereum Virtual Machine.

The vm package implements one EVM, a byte code VM. The BC (Byte Code) VM loops over a set of bytes and executes them according to the set of rules defined in the Ethereum yellow paper.

Index

Constants

View Source
const (
	GasQuickStep   uint64 = 2
	GasFastestStep uint64 = 3
	GasFastStep    uint64 = 5
	GasMidStep     uint64 = 8
	GasSlowStep    uint64 = 10
	GasExtStep     uint64 = 20
)

Gas costs

Variables

View Source
var (
	PrecompiledAddressesBerlin    []common.Address
	PrecompiledAddressesIstanbul  []common.Address
	PrecompiledAddressesByzantium []common.Address
	PrecompiledAddressesHomestead []common.Address
)
View Source
var (
	ErrOutOfGas                 = errors.New("out of gas")
	ErrCodeStoreOutOfGas        = errors.New("contract creation code storage out of gas")
	ErrDepth                    = errors.New("max call depth exceeded")
	ErrInsufficientBalance      = errors.New("insufficient balance for transfer")
	ErrContractAddressCollision = errors.New("contract address collision")
	ErrExecutionReverted        = errors.New("execution reverted")
	ErrMaxCodeSizeExceeded      = errors.New("max code size exceeded")
	ErrInvalidJump              = errors.New("invalid jump destination")
	ErrWriteProtection          = errors.New("write protection")
	ErrReturnDataOutOfBounds    = errors.New("return data out of bounds")
	ErrGasUintOverflow          = errors.New("gas uint64 overflow")
	ErrInvalidCode              = errors.New("invalid code: must not begin with 0xef")
)

List evm execution errors

View Source
var PrecompiledContractsBLS = map[common.Address]PrecompiledContract{
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{10}): &bls12381G1Add{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{11}): &bls12381G1Mul{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{12}): &bls12381G1MultiExp{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{13}): &bls12381G2Add{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{14}): &bls12381G2Mul{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{15}): &bls12381G2MultiExp{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{16}): &bls12381Pairing{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{17}): &bls12381MapG1{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{18}): &bls12381MapG2{},
}

PrecompiledContractsBLS contains the set of pre-compiled Ethereum contracts specified in EIP-2537. These are exported for testing purposes.

View Source
var PrecompiledContractsBerlin = map[common.Address]PrecompiledContract{
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{1}): &ecrecover{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{2}): &sha256hash{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{3}): &ripemd160hash{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{4}): &dataCopy{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{5}): &bigModExp{eip2565: true},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{6}): &bn256AddIstanbul{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{7}): &bn256ScalarMulIstanbul{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{8}): &bn256PairingIstanbul{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{9}): &blake2F{},
}

PrecompiledContractsBerlin contains the default set of pre-compiled Ethereum contracts used in the Berlin release.

View Source
var PrecompiledContractsByzantium = map[common.Address]PrecompiledContract{
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{1}): &ecrecover{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{2}): &sha256hash{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{3}): &ripemd160hash{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{4}): &dataCopy{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{5}): &bigModExp{eip2565: false},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{6}): &bn256AddByzantium{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{7}): &bn256ScalarMulByzantium{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{8}): &bn256PairingByzantium{},
}

PrecompiledContractsByzantium contains the default set of pre-compiled Ethereum contracts used in the Byzantium release.

View Source
var PrecompiledContractsHomestead = map[common.Address]PrecompiledContract{
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{1}): &ecrecover{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{2}): &sha256hash{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{3}): &ripemd160hash{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{4}): &dataCopy{},
}

PrecompiledContractsHomestead contains the default set of pre-compiled Ethereum contracts used in the Frontier and Homestead releases.

View Source
var PrecompiledContractsIstanbul = map[common.Address]PrecompiledContract{
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{1}): &ecrecover{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{2}): &sha256hash{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{3}): &ripemd160hash{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{4}): &dataCopy{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{5}): &bigModExp{eip2565: false},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{6}): &bn256AddIstanbul{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{7}): &bn256ScalarMulIstanbul{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{8}): &bn256PairingIstanbul{},
	common.BytesToAddress([]byte{9}): &blake2F{},
}

PrecompiledContractsIstanbul contains the default set of pre-compiled Ethereum contracts used in the Istanbul release.

Functions

func ActivateableEips added in v1.9.16

func ActivateableEips() []string

func ActivePrecompiles added in v1.10.2

func ActivePrecompiles(rules params.Rules) []common.Address

ActivePrecompiles returns the precompiles enabled with the current configuration.

func EnableEIP added in v1.9.2

func EnableEIP(eipNum int, jt *JumpTable) error

EnableEIP enables the given EIP on the config. This operation writes in-place, and callers need to ensure that the globally defined jump tables are not polluted.

func NewMarkdownLogger added in v1.9.15

func NewMarkdownLogger(cfg *LogConfig, writer io.Writer) *mdLogger

NewMarkdownLogger creates a logger which outputs information in a format adapted for human readability, and is also a valid markdown table

func RunPrecompiledContract added in v1.5.6

func RunPrecompiledContract(p PrecompiledContract, input []byte, suppliedGas uint64) (ret []byte, remainingGas uint64, err error)

RunPrecompiledContract runs and evaluates the output of a precompiled contract. It returns - the returned bytes, - the _remaining_ gas, - any error that occurred

func ValidEip added in v1.9.16

func ValidEip(eipNum int) bool

func WriteLogs added in v1.6.0

func WriteLogs(writer io.Writer, logs []*types.Log)

WriteLogs writes vm logs in a readable format to the given writer

func WriteTrace added in v1.6.0

func WriteTrace(writer io.Writer, logs []StructLog)

WriteTrace writes a formatted trace to the given writer

Types

type AccessListTracer added in v1.10.2

type AccessListTracer struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

AccessListTracer is a tracer that accumulates touched accounts and storage slots into an internal set.

func NewAccessListTracer added in v1.10.2

func NewAccessListTracer(acl types.AccessList, from, to common.Address, precompiles []common.Address) *AccessListTracer

NewAccessListTracer creates a new tracer that can generate AccessLists. An optional AccessList can be specified to occupy slots and addresses in the resulting accesslist.

func (*AccessListTracer) AccessList added in v1.10.2

func (a *AccessListTracer) AccessList() types.AccessList

AccessList returns the current accesslist maintained by the tracer.

func (*AccessListTracer) CaptureEnd added in v1.10.2

func (*AccessListTracer) CaptureEnd(output []byte, gasUsed uint64, t time.Duration, err error)

func (*AccessListTracer) CaptureFault added in v1.10.2

func (*AccessListTracer) CaptureFault(env *EVM, pc uint64, op OpCode, gas, cost uint64, scope *ScopeContext, depth int, err error)

func (*AccessListTracer) CaptureStart added in v1.10.2

func (a *AccessListTracer) CaptureStart(env *EVM, from common.Address, to common.Address, create bool, input []byte, gas uint64, value *big.Int)

func (*AccessListTracer) CaptureState added in v1.10.2

func (a *AccessListTracer) CaptureState(env *EVM, pc uint64, op OpCode, gas, cost uint64, scope *ScopeContext, rData []byte, depth int, err error)

CaptureState captures all opcodes that touch storage or addresses and adds them to the accesslist.

func (*AccessListTracer) Equal added in v1.10.2

func (a *AccessListTracer) Equal(other *AccessListTracer) bool

Equal returns if the content of two access list traces are equal.

type AccountRef added in v1.6.0

type AccountRef common.Address

AccountRef implements ContractRef.

Account references are used during EVM initialisation and it's primary use is to fetch addresses. Removing this object proves difficult because of the cached jump destinations which are fetched from the parent contract (i.e. the caller), which is a ContractRef.

func (AccountRef) Address added in v1.6.0

func (ar AccountRef) Address() common.Address

Address casts AccountRef to a Address

type BlockContext added in v1.9.25

type BlockContext struct {
	// CanTransfer returns whether the account contains
	// sufficient ether to transfer the value
	CanTransfer CanTransferFunc
	// Transfer transfers ether from one account to the other
	Transfer TransferFunc
	// GetHash returns the hash corresponding to n
	GetHash GetHashFunc

	// Block information
	Coinbase    common.Address // Provides information for COINBASE
	GasLimit    uint64         // Provides information for GASLIMIT
	BlockNumber *big.Int       // Provides information for NUMBER
	Time        *big.Int       // Provides information for TIME
	Difficulty  *big.Int       // Provides information for DIFFICULTY
	BaseFee     *big.Int       // Provides information for BASEFEE
}

BlockContext provides the EVM with auxiliary information. Once provided it shouldn't be modified.

type CallContext added in v1.5.5

type CallContext interface {
	// Call another contract
	Call(env *EVM, me ContractRef, addr common.Address, data []byte, gas, value *big.Int) ([]byte, error)
	// Take another's contract code and execute within our own context
	CallCode(env *EVM, me ContractRef, addr common.Address, data []byte, gas, value *big.Int) ([]byte, error)
	// Same as CallCode except sender and value is propagated from parent to child scope
	DelegateCall(env *EVM, me ContractRef, addr common.Address, data []byte, gas *big.Int) ([]byte, error)
	// Create a new contract
	Create(env *EVM, me ContractRef, data []byte, gas, value *big.Int) ([]byte, common.Address, error)
}

CallContext provides a basic interface for the EVM calling conventions. The EVM depends on this context being implemented for doing subcalls and initialising new EVM contracts.

type CanTransferFunc added in v1.5.5

type CanTransferFunc func(StateDB, common.Address, *big.Int) bool

CanTransferFunc is the signature of a transfer guard function

type Config added in v1.4.0

type Config struct {
	Debug                   bool   // Enables debugging
	Tracer                  Tracer // Opcode logger
	NoRecursion             bool   // Disables call, callcode, delegate call and create
	NoBaseFee               bool   // Forces the EIP-1559 baseFee to 0 (needed for 0 price calls)
	EnablePreimageRecording bool   // Enables recording of SHA3/keccak preimages

	JumpTable [256]*operation // EVM instruction table, automatically populated if unset

	ExtraEips []int // Additional EIPS that are to be enabled
}

Config are the configuration options for the Interpreter

type Contract added in v1.3.1

type Contract struct {
	// CallerAddress is the result of the caller which initialised this
	// contract. However when the "call method" is delegated this value
	// needs to be initialised to that of the caller's caller.
	CallerAddress common.Address

	Code     []byte
	CodeHash common.Hash
	CodeAddr *common.Address
	Input    []byte

	Gas uint64
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Contract represents an ethereum contract in the state database. It contains the contract code, calling arguments. Contract implements ContractRef

func NewContract added in v1.3.1

func NewContract(caller ContractRef, object ContractRef, value *big.Int, gas uint64) *Contract

NewContract returns a new contract environment for the execution of EVM.

func (*Contract) Address added in v1.3.1

func (c *Contract) Address() common.Address

Address returns the contracts address

func (*Contract) AsDelegate added in v1.3.4

func (c *Contract) AsDelegate() *Contract

AsDelegate sets the contract to be a delegate call and returns the current contract (for chaining calls)

func (*Contract) Caller added in v1.3.4

func (c *Contract) Caller() common.Address

Caller returns the caller of the contract.

Caller will recursively call caller when the contract is a delegate call, including that of caller's caller.

func (*Contract) GetByte added in v1.3.1

func (c *Contract) GetByte(n uint64) byte

GetByte returns the n'th byte in the contract's byte array

func (*Contract) GetOp added in v1.3.1

func (c *Contract) GetOp(n uint64) OpCode

GetOp returns the n'th element in the contract's byte array

func (*Contract) SetCallCode added in v1.3.1

func (c *Contract) SetCallCode(addr *common.Address, hash common.Hash, code []byte)

SetCallCode sets the code of the contract and address of the backing data object

func (*Contract) SetCodeOptionalHash added in v1.8.17

func (c *Contract) SetCodeOptionalHash(addr *common.Address, codeAndHash *codeAndHash)

SetCodeOptionalHash can be used to provide code, but it's optional to provide hash. In case hash is not provided, the jumpdest analysis will not be saved to the parent context

func (*Contract) UseGas added in v1.3.1

func (c *Contract) UseGas(gas uint64) (ok bool)

UseGas attempts the use gas and subtracts it and returns true on success

func (*Contract) Value added in v1.3.4

func (c *Contract) Value() *big.Int

Value returns the contract's value (sent to it from it's caller)

type ContractRef added in v1.3.1

type ContractRef interface {
	Address() common.Address
}

ContractRef is a reference to the contract's backing object

type EVM added in v1.4.0

type EVM struct {
	// Context provides auxiliary blockchain related information
	Context BlockContext
	TxContext
	// StateDB gives access to the underlying state
	StateDB StateDB

	// virtual machine configuration options used to initialise the
	// evm.
	Config Config
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

EVM is the Ethereum Virtual Machine base object and provides the necessary tools to run a contract on the given state with the provided context. It should be noted that any error generated through any of the calls should be considered a revert-state-and-consume-all-gas operation, no checks on specific errors should ever be performed. The interpreter makes sure that any errors generated are to be considered faulty code.

The EVM should never be reused and is not thread safe.

func NewEVM added in v1.5.6

func NewEVM(blockCtx BlockContext, txCtx TxContext, statedb StateDB, chainConfig *params.ChainConfig, config Config) *EVM

NewEVM returns a new EVM. The returned EVM is not thread safe and should only ever be used *once*.

func (*EVM) Call added in v1.5.6

func (evm *EVM) Call(caller ContractRef, addr common.Address, input []byte, gas uint64, value *big.Int) (ret []byte, leftOverGas uint64, err error)

Call executes the contract associated with the addr with the given input as parameters. It also handles any necessary value transfer required and takes the necessary steps to create accounts and reverses the state in case of an execution error or failed value transfer.

func (*EVM) CallCode added in v1.5.6

func (evm *EVM) CallCode(caller ContractRef, addr common.Address, input []byte, gas uint64, value *big.Int) (ret []byte, leftOverGas uint64, err error)

CallCode executes the contract associated with the addr with the given input as parameters. It also handles any necessary value transfer required and takes the necessary steps to create accounts and reverses the state in case of an execution error or failed value transfer.

CallCode differs from Call in the sense that it executes the given address' code with the caller as context.

func (*EVM) Cancel added in v1.5.6

func (evm *EVM) Cancel()

Cancel cancels any running EVM operation. This may be called concurrently and it's safe to be called multiple times.

func (*EVM) Cancelled added in v1.9.0

func (evm *EVM) Cancelled() bool

Cancelled returns true if Cancel has been called

func (*EVM) ChainConfig added in v1.5.6

func (evm *EVM) ChainConfig() *params.ChainConfig

ChainConfig returns the environment's chain configuration

func (*EVM) Create added in v1.5.6

func (evm *EVM) Create(caller ContractRef, code []byte, gas uint64, value *big.Int) (ret []byte, contractAddr common.Address, leftOverGas uint64, err error)

Create creates a new contract using code as deployment code.

func (*EVM) Create2 added in v1.8.13

func (evm *EVM) Create2(caller ContractRef, code []byte, gas uint64, endowment *big.Int, salt *uint256.Int) (ret []byte, contractAddr common.Address, leftOverGas uint64, err error)

Create2 creates a new contract using code as deployment code.

The different between Create2 with Create is Create2 uses sha3(0xff ++ msg.sender ++ salt ++ sha3(init_code))[12:] instead of the usual sender-and-nonce-hash as the address where the contract is initialized at.

func (*EVM) DelegateCall added in v1.5.6

func (evm *EVM) DelegateCall(caller ContractRef, addr common.Address, input []byte, gas uint64) (ret []byte, leftOverGas uint64, err error)

DelegateCall executes the contract associated with the addr with the given input as parameters. It reverses the state in case of an execution error.

DelegateCall differs from CallCode in the sense that it executes the given address' code with the caller as context and the caller is set to the caller of the caller.

func (*EVM) Interpreter added in v1.5.6

func (evm *EVM) Interpreter() *EVMInterpreter

Interpreter returns the current interpreter

func (*EVM) Reset added in v1.9.25

func (evm *EVM) Reset(txCtx TxContext, statedb StateDB)

Reset resets the EVM with a new transaction context.Reset This is not threadsafe and should only be done very cautiously.

func (*EVM) StaticCall added in v1.7.0

func (evm *EVM) StaticCall(caller ContractRef, addr common.Address, input []byte, gas uint64) (ret []byte, leftOverGas uint64, err error)

StaticCall executes the contract associated with the addr with the given input as parameters while disallowing any modifications to the state during the call. Opcodes that attempt to perform such modifications will result in exceptions instead of performing the modifications.

type EVMInterpreter added in v1.8.13

type EVMInterpreter struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

EVMInterpreter represents an EVM interpreter

func NewEVMInterpreter added in v1.8.13

func NewEVMInterpreter(evm *EVM, cfg Config) *EVMInterpreter

NewEVMInterpreter returns a new instance of the Interpreter.

func (*EVMInterpreter) Run added in v1.8.13

func (in *EVMInterpreter) Run(contract *Contract, input []byte, readOnly bool) (ret []byte, err error)

Run loops and evaluates the contract's code with the given input data and returns the return byte-slice and an error if one occurred.

It's important to note that any errors returned by the interpreter should be considered a revert-and-consume-all-gas operation except for ErrExecutionReverted which means revert-and-keep-gas-left.

type ErrInvalidOpCode added in v1.9.14

type ErrInvalidOpCode struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

ErrInvalidOpCode wraps an evm error when an invalid opcode is encountered.

func (*ErrInvalidOpCode) Error added in v1.9.14

func (e *ErrInvalidOpCode) Error() string

type ErrStackOverflow added in v1.9.14

type ErrStackOverflow struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

ErrStackOverflow wraps an evm error when the items on the stack exceeds the maximum allowance.

func (*ErrStackOverflow) Error added in v1.9.14

func (e *ErrStackOverflow) Error() string

type ErrStackUnderflow added in v1.9.14

type ErrStackUnderflow struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

ErrStackUnderflow wraps an evm error when the items on the stack less than the minimal requirement.

func (*ErrStackUnderflow) Error added in v1.9.14

func (e *ErrStackUnderflow) Error() string

type GetHashFunc added in v1.5.5

type GetHashFunc func(uint64) common.Hash

GetHashFunc returns the n'th block hash in the blockchain and is used by the BLOCKHASH EVM op code.

type JSONLogger added in v1.8.20

type JSONLogger struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

func NewJSONLogger added in v1.8.20

func NewJSONLogger(cfg *LogConfig, writer io.Writer) *JSONLogger

NewJSONLogger creates a new EVM tracer that prints execution steps as JSON objects into the provided stream.

func (*JSONLogger) CaptureEnd added in v1.8.20

func (l *JSONLogger) CaptureEnd(output []byte, gasUsed uint64, t time.Duration, err error)

CaptureEnd is triggered at end of execution.

func (*JSONLogger) CaptureFault added in v1.8.20

func (l *JSONLogger) CaptureFault(*EVM, uint64, OpCode, uint64, uint64, *ScopeContext, int, error)

func (*JSONLogger) CaptureStart added in v1.8.20

func (l *JSONLogger) CaptureStart(env *EVM, from, to common.Address, create bool, input []byte, gas uint64, value *big.Int)

func (*JSONLogger) CaptureState added in v1.8.20

func (l *JSONLogger) CaptureState(env *EVM, pc uint64, op OpCode, gas, cost uint64, scope *ScopeContext, rData []byte, depth int, err error)

CaptureState outputs state information on the logger.

type JumpTable added in v1.9.2

type JumpTable [256]*operation

JumpTable contains the EVM opcodes supported at a given fork.

type LogConfig added in v1.4.0

type LogConfig struct {
	DisableMemory     bool // disable memory capture
	DisableStack      bool // disable stack capture
	DisableStorage    bool // disable storage capture
	DisableReturnData bool // disable return data capture
	Debug             bool // print output during capture end
	Limit             int  // maximum length of output, but zero means unlimited
	// Chain overrides, can be used to execute a trace using future fork rules
	Overrides *params.ChainConfig `json:"overrides,omitempty"`
}

LogConfig are the configuration options for structured logger the EVM

type Memory

type Memory struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Memory implements a simple memory model for the ethereum virtual machine.

func NewMemory

func NewMemory() *Memory

NewMemory returns a new memory model.

func (*Memory) Data

func (m *Memory) Data() []byte

Data returns the backing slice

func (*Memory) GetCopy added in v1.9.7

func (m *Memory) GetCopy(offset, size int64) (cpy []byte)

Get returns offset + size as a new slice

func (*Memory) GetPtr added in v0.9.23

func (m *Memory) GetPtr(offset, size int64) []byte

GetPtr returns the offset + size

func (*Memory) Len

func (m *Memory) Len() int

Len returns the length of the backing slice

func (*Memory) Print

func (m *Memory) Print()

Print dumps the content of the memory.

func (*Memory) Resize

func (m *Memory) Resize(size uint64)

Resize resizes the memory to size

func (*Memory) Set

func (m *Memory) Set(offset, size uint64, value []byte)

Set sets offset + size to value

func (*Memory) Set32 added in v1.8.12

func (m *Memory) Set32(offset uint64, val *uint256.Int)

Set32 sets the 32 bytes starting at offset to the value of val, left-padded with zeroes to 32 bytes.

type OpCode

type OpCode byte

OpCode is an EVM opcode

const (
	STOP OpCode = iota
	ADD
	MUL
	SUB
	DIV
	SDIV
	MOD
	SMOD
	ADDMOD
	MULMOD
	EXP
	SIGNEXTEND
)

0x0 range - arithmetic ops.

const (
	LT OpCode = iota + 0x10
	GT
	SLT
	SGT
	EQ
	ISZERO
	AND
	OR
	XOR
	NOT
	BYTE
	SHL
	SHR
	SAR

	SHA3 OpCode = 0x20
)

0x10 range - comparison ops.

const (
	ADDRESS OpCode = 0x30 + iota
	BALANCE
	ORIGIN
	CALLER
	CALLVALUE
	CALLDATALOAD
	CALLDATASIZE
	CALLDATACOPY
	CODESIZE
	CODECOPY
	GASPRICE
	EXTCODESIZE
	EXTCODECOPY
	RETURNDATASIZE
	RETURNDATACOPY
	EXTCODEHASH
)

0x30 range - closure state.

const (
	BLOCKHASH OpCode = 0x40 + iota
	COINBASE
	TIMESTAMP
	NUMBER
	DIFFICULTY
	GASLIMIT
	CHAINID     OpCode = 0x46
	SELFBALANCE OpCode = 0x47
	BASEFEE     OpCode = 0x48
)

0x40 range - block operations.

const (
	POP      OpCode = 0x50
	MLOAD    OpCode = 0x51
	MSTORE   OpCode = 0x52
	MSTORE8  OpCode = 0x53
	SLOAD    OpCode = 0x54
	SSTORE   OpCode = 0x55
	JUMP     OpCode = 0x56
	JUMPI    OpCode = 0x57
	PC       OpCode = 0x58
	MSIZE    OpCode = 0x59
	GAS      OpCode = 0x5a
	JUMPDEST OpCode = 0x5b
)

0x50 range - 'storage' and execution.

const (
	PUSH1 OpCode = 0x60 + iota
	PUSH2
	PUSH3
	PUSH4
	PUSH5
	PUSH6
	PUSH7
	PUSH8
	PUSH9
	PUSH10
	PUSH11
	PUSH12
	PUSH13
	PUSH14
	PUSH15
	PUSH16
	PUSH17
	PUSH18
	PUSH19
	PUSH20
	PUSH21
	PUSH22
	PUSH23
	PUSH24
	PUSH25
	PUSH26
	PUSH27
	PUSH28
	PUSH29
	PUSH30
	PUSH31
	PUSH32
	DUP1
	DUP2
	DUP3
	DUP4
	DUP5
	DUP6
	DUP7
	DUP8
	DUP9
	DUP10
	DUP11
	DUP12
	DUP13
	DUP14
	DUP15
	DUP16
	SWAP1
	SWAP2
	SWAP3
	SWAP4
	SWAP5
	SWAP6
	SWAP7
	SWAP8
	SWAP9
	SWAP10
	SWAP11
	SWAP12
	SWAP13
	SWAP14
	SWAP15
	SWAP16
)

0x60 range.

const (
	LOG0 OpCode = 0xa0 + iota
	LOG1
	LOG2
	LOG3
	LOG4
)

0xa0 range - logging ops.

const (
	PUSH OpCode = 0xb0 + iota
	DUP
	SWAP
)

unofficial opcodes used for parsing.

const (
	CREATE OpCode = 0xf0 + iota
	CALL
	CALLCODE
	RETURN
	DELEGATECALL
	CREATE2
	STATICCALL   OpCode = 0xfa
	REVERT       OpCode = 0xfd
	SELFDESTRUCT OpCode = 0xff
)

0xf0 range - closures.

func StringToOp added in v0.9.38

func StringToOp(str string) OpCode

StringToOp finds the opcode whose name is stored in `str`.

func (OpCode) IsPush added in v1.3.1

func (op OpCode) IsPush() bool

IsPush specifies if an opcode is a PUSH opcode.

func (OpCode) IsStaticJump added in v1.3.1

func (op OpCode) IsStaticJump() bool

IsStaticJump specifies if an opcode is JUMP.

func (OpCode) String

func (op OpCode) String() string

type PrecompiledContract added in v1.5.6

type PrecompiledContract interface {
	RequiredGas(input []byte) uint64  // RequiredPrice calculates the contract gas use
	Run(input []byte) ([]byte, error) // Run runs the precompiled contract
}

PrecompiledContract is the basic interface for native Go contracts. The implementation requires a deterministic gas count based on the input size of the Run method of the contract.

type ScopeContext added in v1.10.2

type ScopeContext struct {
	Memory   *Memory
	Stack    *Stack
	Contract *Contract
}

ScopeContext contains the things that are per-call, such as stack and memory, but not transients like pc and gas

type Stack added in v1.5.0

type Stack struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Stack is an object for basic stack operations. Items popped to the stack are expected to be changed and modified. stack does not take care of adding newly initialised objects.

func (*Stack) Back added in v1.5.6

func (st *Stack) Back(n int) *uint256.Int

Back returns the n'th item in stack

func (*Stack) Data added in v1.5.0

func (st *Stack) Data() []uint256.Int

Data returns the underlying uint256.Int array.

func (*Stack) Print added in v1.5.0

func (st *Stack) Print()

Print dumps the content of the stack

type StateDB added in v1.5.5

type StateDB interface {
	CreateAccount(common.Address)

	SubBalance(common.Address, *big.Int)
	AddBalance(common.Address, *big.Int)
	GetBalance(common.Address) *big.Int

	GetNonce(common.Address) uint64
	SetNonce(common.Address, uint64)

	GetCodeHash(common.Address) common.Hash
	GetCode(common.Address) []byte
	SetCode(common.Address, []byte)
	GetCodeSize(common.Address) int

	AddRefund(uint64)
	SubRefund(uint64)
	GetRefund() uint64

	GetCommittedState(common.Address, common.Hash) common.Hash
	GetState(common.Address, common.Hash) common.Hash
	SetState(common.Address, common.Hash, common.Hash)

	Suicide(common.Address) bool
	HasSuicided(common.Address) bool

	// Exist reports whether the given account exists in state.
	// Notably this should also return true for suicided accounts.
	Exist(common.Address) bool
	// Empty returns whether the given account is empty. Empty
	// is defined according to EIP161 (balance = nonce = code = 0).
	Empty(common.Address) bool

	PrepareAccessList(sender common.Address, dest *common.Address, precompiles []common.Address, txAccesses types.AccessList)
	AddressInAccessList(addr common.Address) bool
	SlotInAccessList(addr common.Address, slot common.Hash) (addressOk bool, slotOk bool)
	// AddAddressToAccessList adds the given address to the access list. This operation is safe to perform
	// even if the feature/fork is not active yet
	AddAddressToAccessList(addr common.Address)
	// AddSlotToAccessList adds the given (address,slot) to the access list. This operation is safe to perform
	// even if the feature/fork is not active yet
	AddSlotToAccessList(addr common.Address, slot common.Hash)

	RevertToSnapshot(int)
	Snapshot() int

	AddLog(*types.Log)
	AddPreimage(common.Hash, []byte)

	ForEachStorage(common.Address, func(common.Hash, common.Hash) bool) error
}

StateDB is an EVM database for full state querying.

type Storage added in v1.4.0

type Storage map[common.Hash]common.Hash

Storage represents a contract's storage.

func (Storage) Copy added in v1.4.0

func (s Storage) Copy() Storage

Copy duplicates the current storage.

type StructLog added in v0.9.30

type StructLog struct {
	Pc            uint64                      `json:"pc"`
	Op            OpCode                      `json:"op"`
	Gas           uint64                      `json:"gas"`
	GasCost       uint64                      `json:"gasCost"`
	Memory        []byte                      `json:"memory"`
	MemorySize    int                         `json:"memSize"`
	Stack         []uint256.Int               `json:"stack"`
	ReturnData    []byte                      `json:"returnData"`
	Storage       map[common.Hash]common.Hash `json:"-"`
	Depth         int                         `json:"depth"`
	RefundCounter uint64                      `json:"refund"`
	Err           error                       `json:"-"`
}

StructLog is emitted to the EVM each cycle and lists information about the current internal state prior to the execution of the statement.

func (*StructLog) ErrorString added in v1.8.0

func (s *StructLog) ErrorString() string

ErrorString formats the log's error as a string.

func (StructLog) MarshalJSON added in v1.6.6

func (s StructLog) MarshalJSON() ([]byte, error)

MarshalJSON marshals as JSON.

func (*StructLog) OpName added in v1.6.6

func (s *StructLog) OpName() string

OpName formats the operand name in a human-readable format.

func (*StructLog) UnmarshalJSON added in v1.6.6

func (s *StructLog) UnmarshalJSON(input []byte) error

UnmarshalJSON unmarshals from JSON.

type StructLogger added in v1.5.0

type StructLogger struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

StructLogger is an EVM state logger and implements Tracer.

StructLogger can capture state based on the given Log configuration and also keeps a track record of modified storage which is used in reporting snapshots of the contract their storage.

func NewStructLogger added in v1.5.0

func NewStructLogger(cfg *LogConfig) *StructLogger

NewStructLogger returns a new logger

func (*StructLogger) CaptureEnd added in v1.6.6

func (l *StructLogger) CaptureEnd(output []byte, gasUsed uint64, t time.Duration, err error)

CaptureEnd is called after the call finishes to finalize the tracing.

func (*StructLogger) CaptureFault added in v1.8.0

func (l *StructLogger) CaptureFault(env *EVM, pc uint64, op OpCode, gas, cost uint64, scope *ScopeContext, depth int, err error)

CaptureFault implements the Tracer interface to trace an execution fault while running an opcode.

func (*StructLogger) CaptureStart added in v1.8.0

func (l *StructLogger) CaptureStart(env *EVM, from common.Address, to common.Address, create bool, input []byte, gas uint64, value *big.Int)

CaptureStart implements the Tracer interface to initialize the tracing operation.

func (*StructLogger) CaptureState added in v1.5.0

func (l *StructLogger) CaptureState(env *EVM, pc uint64, op OpCode, gas, cost uint64, scope *ScopeContext, rData []byte, depth int, err error)

CaptureState logs a new structured log message and pushes it out to the environment

CaptureState also tracks SLOAD/SSTORE ops to track storage change.

func (*StructLogger) Error added in v1.8.0

func (l *StructLogger) Error() error

Error returns the VM error captured by the trace.

func (*StructLogger) Output added in v1.8.0

func (l *StructLogger) Output() []byte

Output returns the VM return value captured by the trace.

func (*StructLogger) Reset added in v1.10.5

func (l *StructLogger) Reset()

Reset clears the data held by the logger.

func (*StructLogger) StructLogs added in v1.5.0

func (l *StructLogger) StructLogs() []StructLog

StructLogs returns the captured log entries.

type Tracer added in v1.5.0

type Tracer interface {
	CaptureStart(env *EVM, from common.Address, to common.Address, create bool, input []byte, gas uint64, value *big.Int)
	CaptureState(env *EVM, pc uint64, op OpCode, gas, cost uint64, scope *ScopeContext, rData []byte, depth int, err error)
	CaptureFault(env *EVM, pc uint64, op OpCode, gas, cost uint64, scope *ScopeContext, depth int, err error)
	CaptureEnd(output []byte, gasUsed uint64, t time.Duration, err error)
}

Tracer is used to collect execution traces from an EVM transaction execution. CaptureState is called for each step of the VM with the current VM state. Note that reference types are actual VM data structures; make copies if you need to retain them beyond the current call.

type TransferFunc added in v1.5.5

type TransferFunc func(StateDB, common.Address, common.Address, *big.Int)

TransferFunc is the signature of a transfer function

type TxContext added in v1.9.25

type TxContext struct {
	// Message information
	Origin   common.Address // Provides information for ORIGIN
	GasPrice *big.Int       // Provides information for GASPRICE
}

TxContext provides the EVM with information about a transaction. All fields can change between transactions.

Directories

Path Synopsis
Package runtime provides a basic execution model for executing EVM code.
Package runtime provides a basic execution model for executing EVM code.

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