terraform-plugin-go

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Version: v0.3.1 Latest Latest
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Published: Jun 24, 2021 License: MPL-2.0

README

PkgGoDev

terraform-plugin-go

terraform-plugin-go provides low-level Go bindings for the Terraform plugin protocol, for integrations to be built upon. It strives to be a minimal possible abstraction on top of the protocol, only hiding the implementation details of the protocol while leaving its semantics unchanged.

Status

terraform-plugin-go is a Go module versioned using semantic versioning.

The module is currently on a v0 major version, indicating our lack of confidence in the stability of its exported API. Developers depending on it should do so with an explicit understanding that the API may change and shift until we hit v1.0.0, as we learn more about the needs and expectations of developers working with the module.

We are confident in the correctness of the code and it is safe to build on so long as the developer understands that the API may change in backwards incompatible ways and they are expected to be tracking these changes.

Terraform CLI Compatibility

Providers built on terraform-plugin-go will only be usable with Terraform v0.12.0 and later. Developing providers for versions of Terraform below 0.12.0 is unsupported by the Terraform Plugin SDK team.

Getting Started

terraform-plugin-go is targeted towards experienced Terraform developers. Familiarity with the Resource Instance Change Lifecycle is required, and it is the provider developer's responsibility to ensure that Terraform's requirements and invariants for responses are honored.

Provider developers are expected to create a type that implements the tfprotov5.ProviderServer interface. This type should be passed to tfprotov5server.Serve along with the name (like "hashicorp/time").

Resources and data sources can be handled in resource-specific or data source-specific functions by using implementations of the tfprotov5.ResourceServer and tfprotov5.DataSourceServer interfaces, using the provider-level implementations of the interfaces to route to the correct resource or data source level implementations using req.TypeName.

When handling requests, tfprotov5.DynamicValue types should always have their Unmarshal methods called; their properties should not be inspected directly. The tftypes.Value returned from Unmarshal can be inspected to check whether it is known and subsequently converted to a plain Go type using its As method. As will return an error if the Value is not known.

Testing

The Terraform Plugin SDK's helper/resource package can be used to test providers written using terraform-plugin-go. While we are working on a testing framework for terraform-plugin-go providers that is independent of the Plugin SDK, this may take some time, so we recommend writing tests in the meantime using the plugin SDK, which will not be a runtime dependency of your provider.

You must supply a factory for your provider server by setting ProtoV5ProviderFactories on each TestCase. For example:

package myprovider

import (
	"regexp"
	"testing"

	"github.com/hashicorp/terraform-plugin-go/tfprotov5"
	"github.com/hashicorp/terraform-plugin-sdk/v2/helper/resource"
)

func TestAccDataSourceFoo(t *testing.T) {
	resource.UnitTest(t, resource.TestCase{
		ProtoV5ProviderFactories: map[string]func() (tfprotov5.ProviderServer, error){
			"myprovider": func() (tfprotov5.ProviderServer, error) {
				return Server(), nil
			},
		},
		Steps: []resource.TestStep{
			{
				Config: `"data" "myprovider_foo" "bar" {}`,
				Check: resource.ComposeTestCheckFunc(
					resource.TestMatchResourceAttr("data.myprovider_foo.bar", "current", regexp.MustCompile(`[0-9]+`)),
				),
			},
		},
	})
}

Documentation

Documentation is a work in progress. The GoDoc for packages, types, functions, and methods should have complete information, but we're working to add a section to terraform.io with more information about the module, its common uses, and patterns developers may wish to take advantage of.

Please bear with us as we work to get this information published, and please open issues with requests for the kind of documentation you would find useful.

Scope

This module is intentionally limited in its scope. It serves as the foundation for the provider ecosystem, so major breaking changes are incredibly expensive. By limiting the scope of the project, we're limiting the choices it needs to make, making it less likely that breaking changes will be required once we've hit version 1.0.0.

To that end, terraform-plugin-go's scope is limited to providing a common gRPC server interface and an implementation of Terraform's type system. It specifically is not trying to be a framework, nor is it attempting to provide any utility or helper functions that only a subset of provider developers will rely on. Its litmus test for whether something should be included is "will every Terraform provider need this functionality or can this functionality only be added if it's in this module?" All other functionality should be considered out of scope and should live in a separate module.

Contributing

Please see .github/CONTRIBUTING.md.

License

This module is licensed under the Mozilla Public License v2.0.

Directories

Path Synopsis
Package tfprotov5 provides the interfaces and types needed to build a Terraform provider server.
Package tfprotov5 provides the interfaces and types needed to build a Terraform provider server.
server
Package tf5server implements a server implementation to run tfprotov5.ProviderServers as gRPC servers.
Package tf5server implements a server implementation to run tfprotov5.ProviderServers as gRPC servers.
Package tfprotov6 provides the interfaces and types needed to build a Terraform provider server.
Package tfprotov6 provides the interfaces and types needed to build a Terraform provider server.
server
Package tf6server implements a server implementation to run tfprotov6.ProviderServers as gRPC servers.
Package tf6server implements a server implementation to run tfprotov6.ProviderServers as gRPC servers.
Package tftypes provides a type system for Terraform configuration and state values.
Package tftypes provides a type system for Terraform configuration and state values.

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