GORM V2 moved to





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View Source
var (
	// ErrRecordNotFound returns a "record not found error". Occurs only when attempting to query the database with a struct; querying with a slice won't return this error
	ErrRecordNotFound = errors.New("record not found")
	// ErrInvalidSQL occurs when you attempt a query with invalid SQL
	ErrInvalidSQL = errors.New("invalid SQL")
	// ErrInvalidTransaction occurs when you are trying to `Commit` or `Rollback`
	ErrInvalidTransaction = errors.New("no valid transaction")
	// ErrCantStartTransaction can't start transaction when you are trying to start one with `Begin`
	ErrCantStartTransaction = errors.New("can't start transaction")
	// ErrUnaddressable unaddressable value
	ErrUnaddressable = errors.New("using unaddressable value")
View Source
var DefaultCallback = &Callback{logger: nopLogger{}}

    DefaultCallback default callbacks defined by gorm

    View Source
    var DefaultTableNameHandler = func(db *DB, defaultTableName string) string {
    	return defaultTableName

      DefaultTableNameHandler default table name handler

      View Source
      var LogFormatter = func(values ...interface{}) (messages []interface{}) {
      	if len(values) > 1 {
      		var (
      			sql             string
      			formattedValues []string
      			level           = values[0]
      			currentTime     = "\n\033[33m[" + NowFunc().Format("2006-01-02 15:04:05") + "]\033[0m"
      			source          = fmt.Sprintf("\033[35m(%v)\033[0m", values[1])
      		messages = []interface{}{source, currentTime}
      		if len(values) == 2 {
      			currentTime = currentTime[1:]
      			source = fmt.Sprintf("\033[35m%v\033[0m", values[1])
      			messages = []interface{}{currentTime, source}
      		if level == "sql" {
      			messages = append(messages, fmt.Sprintf(" \033[36;1m[%.2fms]\033[0m ", float64(values[2].(time.Duration).Nanoseconds()/1e4)/100.0))
      			for _, value := range values[4].([]interface{}) {
      				indirectValue := reflect.Indirect(reflect.ValueOf(value))
      				if indirectValue.IsValid() {
      					value = indirectValue.Interface()
      					if t, ok := value.(time.Time); ok {
      						if t.IsZero() {
      							formattedValues = append(formattedValues, fmt.Sprintf("'%v'", "0000-00-00 00:00:00"))
      						} else {
      							formattedValues = append(formattedValues, fmt.Sprintf("'%v'", t.Format("2006-01-02 15:04:05")))
      					} else if b, ok := value.([]byte); ok {
      						if str := string(b); isPrintable(str) {
      							formattedValues = append(formattedValues, fmt.Sprintf("'%v'", str))
      						} else {
      							formattedValues = append(formattedValues, "'<binary>'")
      					} else if r, ok := value.(driver.Valuer); ok {
      						if value, err := r.Value(); err == nil && value != nil {
      							formattedValues = append(formattedValues, fmt.Sprintf("'%v'", value))
      						} else {
      							formattedValues = append(formattedValues, "NULL")
      					} else {
      						switch value.(type) {
      						case int, int8, int16, int32, int64, uint, uint8, uint16, uint32, uint64, float32, float64, bool:
      							formattedValues = append(formattedValues, fmt.Sprintf("%v", value))
      							formattedValues = append(formattedValues, fmt.Sprintf("'%v'", value))
      				} else {
      					formattedValues = append(formattedValues, "NULL")
      			if numericPlaceHolderRegexp.MatchString(values[3].(string)) {
      				sql = values[3].(string)
      				for index, value := range formattedValues {
      					placeholder := fmt.Sprintf(`\$%d([^\d]|$)`, index+1)
      					sql = regexp.MustCompile(placeholder).ReplaceAllString(sql, value+"$1")
      			} else {
      				formattedValuesLength := len(formattedValues)
      				for index, value := range sqlRegexp.Split(values[3].(string), -1) {
      					sql += value
      					if index < formattedValuesLength {
      						sql += formattedValues[index]
      			messages = append(messages, sql)
      			messages = append(messages, fmt.Sprintf(" \n\033[36;31m[%v]\033[0m ", strconv.FormatInt(values[5].(int64), 10)+" rows affected or returned "))
      		} else {
      			messages = append(messages, "\033[31;1m")
      			messages = append(messages, values[2:]...)
      			messages = append(messages, "\033[0m")
      View Source
      var NowFunc = func() time.Time {
      	return time.Now()

        NowFunc returns current time, this function is exported in order to be able to give the flexibility to the developer to customize it according to their needs, e.g:

        gorm.NowFunc = func() time.Time {
          return time.Now().UTC()
        View Source
        var ParseFieldStructForDialect = func(field *StructField, dialect Dialect) (fieldValue reflect.Value, sqlType string, size int, additionalType string) {
        	// Get redirected field type
        	var (
        		reflectType = field.Struct.Type
        		dataType, _ = field.TagSettingsGet("TYPE")
        	for reflectType.Kind() == reflect.Ptr {
        		reflectType = reflectType.Elem()
        	fieldValue = reflect.Indirect(reflect.New(reflectType))
        	if gormDataType, ok := fieldValue.Interface().(interface {
        		GormDataType(Dialect) string
        	}); ok {
        		dataType = gormDataType.GormDataType(dialect)
        	if dataType == "" {
        		var getScannerValue func(reflect.Value)
        		getScannerValue = func(value reflect.Value) {
        			fieldValue = value
        			if _, isScanner := reflect.New(fieldValue.Type()).Interface().(sql.Scanner); isScanner && fieldValue.Kind() == reflect.Struct {
        	if num, ok := field.TagSettingsGet("SIZE"); ok {
        		size, _ = strconv.Atoi(num)
        	} else {
        		size = 255
        	notNull, _ := field.TagSettingsGet("NOT NULL")
        	unique, _ := field.TagSettingsGet("UNIQUE")
        	additionalType = notNull + " " + unique
        	if value, ok := field.TagSettingsGet("DEFAULT"); ok {
        		additionalType = additionalType + " DEFAULT " + value
        	if value, ok := field.TagSettingsGet("COMMENT"); ok {
        		additionalType = additionalType + " COMMENT " + value
        	return fieldValue, dataType, size, strings.TrimSpace(additionalType)

          ParseFieldStructForDialect get field's sql data type

          View Source
          var TheNamingStrategy = &NamingStrategy{
          	DB:     defaultNamer,
          	Table:  defaultNamer,
          	Column: defaultNamer,

            TheNamingStrategy is being initialized with defaultNamingStrategy


            func AddNamingStrategy

            func AddNamingStrategy(ns *NamingStrategy)

              AddNamingStrategy sets the naming strategy

              func IsByteArrayOrSlice

              func IsByteArrayOrSlice(value reflect.Value) bool

                IsByteArrayOrSlice returns true of the reflected value is an array or slice

                func IsRecordNotFoundError

                func IsRecordNotFoundError(err error) bool

                  IsRecordNotFoundError returns true if error contains a RecordNotFound error

                  func RegisterDialect

                  func RegisterDialect(name string, dialect Dialect)

                    RegisterDialect register new dialect

                    func ToColumnName

                    func ToColumnName(name string) string

                      ToColumnName convert string to db name

                      func ToDBName

                      func ToDBName(name string) string

                        ToDBName convert string to db name

                        func ToTableName

                        func ToTableName(name string) string

                          ToTableName convert string to table name


                          type Association

                          type Association struct {
                          	Error error
                          	// contains filtered or unexported fields

                            Association Mode contains some helper methods to handle relationship things easily.

                            func (*Association) Append

                            func (association *Association) Append(values ...interface{}) *Association

                              Append append new associations for many2many, has_many, replace current association for has_one, belongs_to

                              func (*Association) Clear

                              func (association *Association) Clear() *Association

                                Clear remove relationship between source & current associations, won't delete those associations

                                func (*Association) Count

                                func (association *Association) Count() int

                                  Count return the count of current associations

                                  func (*Association) Delete

                                  func (association *Association) Delete(values ...interface{}) *Association

                                    Delete remove relationship between source & passed arguments, but won't delete those arguments

                                    func (*Association) Find

                                    func (association *Association) Find(value interface{}) *Association

                                      Find find out all related associations

                                      func (*Association) Replace

                                      func (association *Association) Replace(values ...interface{}) *Association

                                        Replace replace current associations with new one

                                        type Callback

                                        type Callback struct {
                                        	// contains filtered or unexported fields

                                          Callback is a struct that contains all CRUD callbacks

                                          Field `creates` contains callbacks will be call when creating object
                                          Field `updates` contains callbacks will be call when updating object
                                          Field `deletes` contains callbacks will be call when deleting object
                                          Field `queries` contains callbacks will be call when querying object with query methods like Find, First, Related, Association...
                                          Field `rowQueries` contains callbacks will be call when querying object with Row, Rows...
                                          Field `processors` contains all callback processors, will be used to generate above callbacks in order

                                          func (*Callback) Create

                                          func (c *Callback) Create() *CallbackProcessor

                                            Create could be used to register callbacks for creating object

                                            db.Callback().Create().After("gorm:create").Register("plugin:run_after_create", func(*Scope) {
                                              // business logic
                                              // set error if some thing wrong happened, will rollback the creating

                                            func (*Callback) Delete

                                            func (c *Callback) Delete() *CallbackProcessor

                                              Delete could be used to register callbacks for deleting object, refer `Create` for usage

                                              func (*Callback) Query

                                              func (c *Callback) Query() *CallbackProcessor

                                                Query could be used to register callbacks for querying objects with query methods like `Find`, `First`, `Related`, `Association`... Refer `Create` for usage

                                                func (*Callback) RowQuery

                                                func (c *Callback) RowQuery() *CallbackProcessor

                                                  RowQuery could be used to register callbacks for querying objects with `Row`, `Rows`, refer `Create` for usage

                                                  func (*Callback) Update

                                                  func (c *Callback) Update() *CallbackProcessor

                                                    Update could be used to register callbacks for updating object, refer `Create` for usage

                                                    type CallbackProcessor

                                                    type CallbackProcessor struct {
                                                    	// contains filtered or unexported fields

                                                      CallbackProcessor contains callback informations

                                                      func (*CallbackProcessor) After

                                                      func (cp *CallbackProcessor) After(callbackName string) *CallbackProcessor

                                                        After insert a new callback after callback `callbackName`, refer `Callbacks.Create`

                                                        func (*CallbackProcessor) Before

                                                        func (cp *CallbackProcessor) Before(callbackName string) *CallbackProcessor

                                                          Before insert a new callback before callback `callbackName`, refer `Callbacks.Create`

                                                          func (*CallbackProcessor) Get

                                                          func (cp *CallbackProcessor) Get(callbackName string) (callback func(scope *Scope))

                                                            Get registered callback


                                                            func (*CallbackProcessor) Register

                                                            func (cp *CallbackProcessor) Register(callbackName string, callback func(scope *Scope))

                                                              Register a new callback, refer `Callbacks.Create`

                                                              func (*CallbackProcessor) Remove

                                                              func (cp *CallbackProcessor) Remove(callbackName string)

                                                                Remove a registered callback


                                                                func (*CallbackProcessor) Replace

                                                                func (cp *CallbackProcessor) Replace(callbackName string, callback func(scope *Scope))

                                                                  Replace a registered callback with new callback

                                                                      db.Callback().Create().Replace("gorm:update_time_stamp_when_create", func(*Scope) {
                                                                  		   scope.SetColumn("CreatedAt", now)
                                                                  		   scope.SetColumn("UpdatedAt", now)

                                                                  type DB

                                                                  type DB struct {
                                                                  	Value        interface{}
                                                                  	Error        error
                                                                  	RowsAffected int64
                                                                  	// contains filtered or unexported fields

                                                                    DB contains information for current db connection

                                                                    func Open

                                                                    func Open(dialect string, args ...interface{}) (db *DB, err error)

                                                                      Open initialize a new db connection, need to import driver first, e.g:

                                                                      import _ ""
                                                                      func main() {
                                                                        db, err := gorm.Open("mysql", "user:password@/dbname?charset=utf8&parseTime=True&loc=Local")

                                                                      GORM has wrapped some drivers, for easier to remember driver's import path, so you could import the mysql driver with

                                                                      import _ ""
                                                                      // import _ ""
                                                                      // import _ ""
                                                                      // import _ ""

                                                                      func (*DB) AddError

                                                                      func (s *DB) AddError(err error) error

                                                                        AddError add error to the db

                                                                        func (*DB) AddForeignKey

                                                                        func (s *DB) AddForeignKey(field string, dest string, onDelete string, onUpdate string) *DB

                                                                          AddForeignKey Add foreign key to the given scope, e.g:

                                                                          db.Model(&User{}).AddForeignKey("city_id", "cities(id)", "RESTRICT", "RESTRICT")

                                                                          func (*DB) AddIndex

                                                                          func (s *DB) AddIndex(indexName string, columns ...string) *DB

                                                                            AddIndex add index for columns with given name

                                                                            func (*DB) AddUniqueIndex

                                                                            func (s *DB) AddUniqueIndex(indexName string, columns ...string) *DB

                                                                              AddUniqueIndex add unique index for columns with given name

                                                                              func (*DB) Assign

                                                                              func (s *DB) Assign(attrs ...interface{}) *DB

                                                                                Assign assign result with argument regardless it is found or not with `FirstOrInit` or `FirstOrCreate`

                                                                                func (*DB) Association

                                                                                func (s *DB) Association(column string) *Association

                                                                                  Association start `Association Mode` to handler relations things easir in that mode, refer:

                                                                                  func (*DB) Attrs

                                                                                  func (s *DB) Attrs(attrs ...interface{}) *DB

                                                                                    Attrs initialize struct with argument if record not found with `FirstOrInit` or `FirstOrCreate`

                                                                                    func (*DB) AutoMigrate

                                                                                    func (s *DB) AutoMigrate(values ...interface{}) *DB

                                                                                      AutoMigrate run auto migration for given models, will only add missing fields, won't delete/change current data

                                                                                      func (*DB) Begin

                                                                                      func (s *DB) Begin() *DB

                                                                                        Begin begins a transaction

                                                                                        func (*DB) BeginTx

                                                                                        func (s *DB) BeginTx(ctx context.Context, opts *sql.TxOptions) *DB

                                                                                          BeginTx begins a transaction with options

                                                                                          func (*DB) BlockGlobalUpdate

                                                                                          func (s *DB) BlockGlobalUpdate(enable bool) *DB

                                                                                            BlockGlobalUpdate if true, generates an error on update/delete without where clause. This is to prevent eventual error with empty objects updates/deletions

                                                                                            func (*DB) Callback

                                                                                            func (s *DB) Callback() *Callback

                                                                                              Callback return `Callbacks` container, you could add/change/delete callbacks with it

                                                                                              db.Callback().Create().Register("update_created_at", updateCreated)


                                                                                              func (*DB) Close

                                                                                              func (s *DB) Close() error

                                                                                                Close close current db connection. If database connection is not an io.Closer, returns an error.

                                                                                                func (*DB) Commit

                                                                                                func (s *DB) Commit() *DB

                                                                                                  Commit commit a transaction

                                                                                                  func (*DB) CommonDB

                                                                                                  func (s *DB) CommonDB() SQLCommon

                                                                                                    CommonDB return the underlying `*sql.DB` or `*sql.Tx` instance, mainly intended to allow coexistence with legacy non-GORM code.

                                                                                                    func (*DB) Count

                                                                                                    func (s *DB) Count(value interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                      Count get how many records for a model

                                                                                                      func (*DB) Create

                                                                                                      func (s *DB) Create(value interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                        Create insert the value into database

                                                                                                        func (*DB) CreateTable

                                                                                                        func (s *DB) CreateTable(models ...interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                          CreateTable create table for models

                                                                                                          func (*DB) DB

                                                                                                          func (s *DB) DB() *sql.DB

                                                                                                            DB get `*sql.DB` from current connection If the underlying database connection is not a *sql.DB, returns nil

                                                                                                            func (*DB) Debug

                                                                                                            func (s *DB) Debug() *DB

                                                                                                              Debug start debug mode

                                                                                                              func (*DB) Delete

                                                                                                              func (s *DB) Delete(value interface{}, where ...interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                Delete delete value match given conditions, if the value has primary key, then will including the primary key as condition WARNING If model has DeletedAt field, GORM will only set field DeletedAt's value to current time

                                                                                                                func (*DB) Dialect

                                                                                                                func (s *DB) Dialect() Dialect

                                                                                                                  Dialect get dialect

                                                                                                                  func (*DB) DropColumn

                                                                                                                  func (s *DB) DropColumn(column string) *DB

                                                                                                                    DropColumn drop a column

                                                                                                                    func (*DB) DropTable

                                                                                                                    func (s *DB) DropTable(values ...interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                      DropTable drop table for models

                                                                                                                      func (*DB) DropTableIfExists

                                                                                                                      func (s *DB) DropTableIfExists(values ...interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                        DropTableIfExists drop table if it is exist

                                                                                                                        func (*DB) Exec

                                                                                                                        func (s *DB) Exec(sql string, values ...interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                          Exec execute raw sql

                                                                                                                          func (*DB) Find

                                                                                                                          func (s *DB) Find(out interface{}, where ...interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                            Find find records that match given conditions

                                                                                                                            func (*DB) First

                                                                                                                            func (s *DB) First(out interface{}, where ...interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                              First find first record that match given conditions, order by primary key

                                                                                                                              func (*DB) FirstOrCreate

                                                                                                                              func (s *DB) FirstOrCreate(out interface{}, where ...interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                FirstOrCreate find first matched record or create a new one with given conditions (only works with struct, map conditions)

                                                                                                                                func (*DB) FirstOrInit

                                                                                                                                func (s *DB) FirstOrInit(out interface{}, where ...interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                  FirstOrInit find first matched record or initialize a new one with given conditions (only works with struct, map conditions)

                                                                                                                                  func (*DB) Get

                                                                                                                                  func (s *DB) Get(name string) (value interface{}, ok bool)

                                                                                                                                    Get get setting by name

                                                                                                                                    func (*DB) GetErrors

                                                                                                                                    func (s *DB) GetErrors() []error

                                                                                                                                      GetErrors get happened errors from the db

                                                                                                                                      func (*DB) Group

                                                                                                                                      func (s *DB) Group(query string) *DB

                                                                                                                                        Group specify the group method on the find

                                                                                                                                        func (*DB) HasBlockGlobalUpdate

                                                                                                                                        func (s *DB) HasBlockGlobalUpdate() bool

                                                                                                                                          HasBlockGlobalUpdate return state of block

                                                                                                                                          func (*DB) HasTable

                                                                                                                                          func (s *DB) HasTable(value interface{}) bool

                                                                                                                                            HasTable check has table or not

                                                                                                                                            func (*DB) Having

                                                                                                                                            func (s *DB) Having(query interface{}, values ...interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                              Having specify HAVING conditions for GROUP BY

                                                                                                                                              func (*DB) InstantSet

                                                                                                                                              func (s *DB) InstantSet(name string, value interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                                InstantSet instant set setting, will affect current db

                                                                                                                                                func (*DB) Joins

                                                                                                                                                func (s *DB) Joins(query string, args ...interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                                  Joins specify Joins conditions

                                                                                                                                                  db.Joins("JOIN emails ON emails.user_id = AND = ?", "").Find(&user)

                                                                                                                                                  func (*DB) Last

                                                                                                                                                  func (s *DB) Last(out interface{}, where ...interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                                    Last find last record that match given conditions, order by primary key

                                                                                                                                                    func (*DB) Limit

                                                                                                                                                    func (s *DB) Limit(limit interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                                      Limit specify the number of records to be retrieved

                                                                                                                                                      func (*DB) LogMode

                                                                                                                                                      func (s *DB) LogMode(enable bool) *DB

                                                                                                                                                        LogMode set log mode, `true` for detailed logs, `false` for no log, default, will only print error logs

                                                                                                                                                        func (*DB) Model

                                                                                                                                                        func (s *DB) Model(value interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                                          Model specify the model you would like to run db operations

                                                                                                                                                          // update all users's name to `hello`
                                                                                                                                                          db.Model(&User{}).Update("name", "hello")
                                                                                                                                                          // if user's primary key is non-blank, will use it as condition, then will only update the user's name to `hello`
                                                                                                                                                          db.Model(&user).Update("name", "hello")

                                                                                                                                                          func (*DB) ModifyColumn

                                                                                                                                                          func (s *DB) ModifyColumn(column string, typ string) *DB

                                                                                                                                                            ModifyColumn modify column to type

                                                                                                                                                            func (*DB) New

                                                                                                                                                            func (s *DB) New() *DB

                                                                                                                                                              New clone a new db connection without search conditions

                                                                                                                                                              func (*DB) NewRecord

                                                                                                                                                              func (s *DB) NewRecord(value interface{}) bool

                                                                                                                                                                NewRecord check if value's primary key is blank

                                                                                                                                                                func (*DB) NewScope

                                                                                                                                                                func (s *DB) NewScope(value interface{}) *Scope

                                                                                                                                                                  NewScope create a scope for current operation

                                                                                                                                                                  func (*DB) Not

                                                                                                                                                                  func (s *DB) Not(query interface{}, args ...interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                    Not filter records that don't match current conditions, similar to `Where`

                                                                                                                                                                    func (*DB) Offset

                                                                                                                                                                    func (s *DB) Offset(offset interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                      Offset specify the number of records to skip before starting to return the records

                                                                                                                                                                      func (*DB) Omit

                                                                                                                                                                      func (s *DB) Omit(columns ...string) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                        Omit specify fields that you want to ignore when saving to database for creating, updating

                                                                                                                                                                        func (*DB) Or

                                                                                                                                                                        func (s *DB) Or(query interface{}, args ...interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                          Or filter records that match before conditions or this one, similar to `Where`

                                                                                                                                                                          func (*DB) Order

                                                                                                                                                                          func (s *DB) Order(value interface{}, reorder ...bool) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                            Order specify order when retrieve records from database, set reorder to `true` to overwrite defined conditions

                                                                                                                                                                            db.Order("name DESC")
                                                                                                                                                                            db.Order("name DESC", true) // reorder
                                                                                                                                                                            db.Order(gorm.Expr("name = ? DESC", "first")) // sql expression

                                                                                                                                                                            func (*DB) Pluck

                                                                                                                                                                            func (s *DB) Pluck(column string, value interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                              Pluck used to query single column from a model as a map

                                                                                                                                                                              var ages []int64
                                                                                                                                                                              db.Find(&users).Pluck("age", &ages)

                                                                                                                                                                              func (*DB) Preload

                                                                                                                                                                              func (s *DB) Preload(column string, conditions ...interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                Preload preload associations with given conditions

                                                                                                                                                                                db.Preload("Orders", "state NOT IN (?)", "cancelled").Find(&users)

                                                                                                                                                                                func (*DB) Preloads

                                                                                                                                                                                func (s *DB) Preloads(out interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                  Preloads preloads relations, don`t touch out

                                                                                                                                                                                  func (*DB) QueryExpr

                                                                                                                                                                                  func (s *DB) QueryExpr() *SqlExpr

                                                                                                                                                                                    QueryExpr returns the query as SqlExpr object

                                                                                                                                                                                    func (*DB) Raw

                                                                                                                                                                                    func (s *DB) Raw(sql string, values ...interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                      Raw use raw sql as conditions, won't run it unless invoked by other methods

                                                                                                                                                                                      db.Raw("SELECT name, age FROM users WHERE name = ?", 3).Scan(&result)

                                                                                                                                                                                      func (*DB) RecordNotFound

                                                                                                                                                                                      func (s *DB) RecordNotFound() bool

                                                                                                                                                                                        RecordNotFound check if returning ErrRecordNotFound error

                                                                                                                                                                                        func (*DB) Related

                                                                                                                                                                                        func (s *DB) Related(value interface{}, foreignKeys ...string) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                          Related get related associations

                                                                                                                                                                                          func (*DB) RemoveForeignKey

                                                                                                                                                                                          func (s *DB) RemoveForeignKey(field string, dest string) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                            RemoveForeignKey Remove foreign key from the given scope, e.g:

                                                                                                                                                                                            db.Model(&User{}).RemoveForeignKey("city_id", "cities(id)")

                                                                                                                                                                                            func (*DB) RemoveIndex

                                                                                                                                                                                            func (s *DB) RemoveIndex(indexName string) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                              RemoveIndex remove index with name

                                                                                                                                                                                              func (*DB) Rollback

                                                                                                                                                                                              func (s *DB) Rollback() *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                                Rollback rollback a transaction

                                                                                                                                                                                                func (*DB) RollbackUnlessCommitted

                                                                                                                                                                                                func (s *DB) RollbackUnlessCommitted() *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                                  RollbackUnlessCommitted rollback a transaction if it has not yet been committed.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (*DB) Row

                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (s *DB) Row() *sql.Row

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Row return `*sql.Row` with given conditions

                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (*DB) Rows

                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (s *DB) Rows() (*sql.Rows, error)

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Rows return `*sql.Rows` with given conditions

                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (*DB) Save

                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (s *DB) Save(value interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Save update value in database, if the value doesn't have primary key, will insert it

                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (*DB) Scan

                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (s *DB) Scan(dest interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Scan scan value to a struct

                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (*DB) ScanRows

                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (s *DB) ScanRows(rows *sql.Rows, result interface{}) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                            ScanRows scan `*sql.Rows` to give struct

                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (*DB) Scopes

                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (s *DB) Scopes(funcs ...func(*DB) *DB) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Scopes pass current database connection to arguments `func(*DB) *DB`, which could be used to add conditions dynamically

                                                                                                                                                                                                              func AmountGreaterThan1000(db *gorm.DB) *gorm.DB {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  return db.Where("amount > ?", 1000)
                                                                                                                                                                                                              func OrderStatus(status []string) func (db *gorm.DB) *gorm.DB {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  return func (db *gorm.DB) *gorm.DB {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      return db.Scopes(AmountGreaterThan1000).Where("status in (?)", status)
                                                                                                                                                                                                              db.Scopes(AmountGreaterThan1000, OrderStatus([]string{"paid", "shipped"})).Find(&orders)


                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (*DB) Select

                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (s *DB) Select(query interface{}, args ...interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Select specify fields that you want to retrieve from database when querying, by default, will select all fields; When creating/updating, specify fields that you want to save to database

                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (*DB) Set

                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (s *DB) Set(name string, value interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Set set setting by name, which could be used in callbacks, will clone a new db, and update its setting

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (*DB) SetJoinTableHandler

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (s *DB) SetJoinTableHandler(source interface{}, column string, handler JoinTableHandlerInterface)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    SetJoinTableHandler set a model's join table handler for a relation

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (*DB) SetLogger

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (s *DB) SetLogger(log logger)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      SetLogger replace default logger

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (*DB) SetNowFuncOverride

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (s *DB) SetNowFuncOverride(nowFuncOverride func() time.Time) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        SetNowFuncOverride set the function to be used when creating a new timestamp

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (*DB) SingularTable

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (s *DB) SingularTable(enable bool)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          SingularTable use singular table by default

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (*DB) SubQuery

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (s *DB) SubQuery() *SqlExpr

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            SubQuery returns the query as sub query

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (*DB) Table

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (s *DB) Table(name string) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Table specify the table you would like to run db operations

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (*DB) Take

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (s *DB) Take(out interface{}, where ...interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Take return a record that match given conditions, the order will depend on the database implementation

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (*DB) Transaction

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (s *DB) Transaction(fc func(tx *DB) error) (err error)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Transaction start a transaction as a block, return error will rollback, otherwise to commit.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (*DB) Unscoped

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (s *DB) Unscoped() *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Unscoped return all record including deleted record, refer Soft Delete

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (*DB) Update

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (s *DB) Update(attrs ...interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Update update attributes with callbacks, refer: WARNING when update with struct, GORM will not update fields that with zero value

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (*DB) UpdateColumn

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (s *DB) UpdateColumn(attrs ...interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        UpdateColumn update attributes without callbacks, refer:

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (*DB) UpdateColumns

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (s *DB) UpdateColumns(values interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          UpdateColumns update attributes without callbacks, refer:

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (*DB) Updates

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (s *DB) Updates(values interface{}, ignoreProtectedAttrs ...bool) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Updates update attributes with callbacks, refer:

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (*DB) Where

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (s *DB) Where(query interface{}, args ...interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Where return a new relation, filter records with given conditions, accepts `map`, `struct` or `string` as conditions, refer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              type DefaultForeignKeyNamer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              type DefaultForeignKeyNamer struct {

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                DefaultForeignKeyNamer contains the default foreign key name generator method

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (DefaultForeignKeyNamer) BuildKeyName

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (DefaultForeignKeyNamer) BuildKeyName(kind, tableName string, fields ...string) string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  BuildKeyName returns a valid key name (foreign key, index key) for the given table, field and reference

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  type Dialect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  type Dialect interface {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// GetName get dialect's name
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	GetName() string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// SetDB set db for dialect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	SetDB(db SQLCommon)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// BindVar return the placeholder for actual values in SQL statements, in many dbs it is "?", Postgres using $1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	BindVar(i int) string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// Quote quotes field name to avoid SQL parsing exceptions by using a reserved word as a field name
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	Quote(key string) string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// DataTypeOf return data's sql type
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	DataTypeOf(field *StructField) string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// HasIndex check has index or not
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	HasIndex(tableName string, indexName string) bool
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// HasForeignKey check has foreign key or not
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	HasForeignKey(tableName string, foreignKeyName string) bool
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// RemoveIndex remove index
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	RemoveIndex(tableName string, indexName string) error
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// HasTable check has table or not
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	HasTable(tableName string) bool
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// HasColumn check has column or not
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	HasColumn(tableName string, columnName string) bool
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// ModifyColumn modify column's type
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	ModifyColumn(tableName string, columnName string, typ string) error
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// LimitAndOffsetSQL return generated SQL with Limit and Offset, as mssql has special case
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	LimitAndOffsetSQL(limit, offset interface{}) (string, error)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// SelectFromDummyTable return select values, for most dbs, `SELECT values` just works, mysql needs `SELECT value FROM DUAL`
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	SelectFromDummyTable() string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// LastInsertIDOutputInterstitial most dbs support LastInsertId, but mssql needs to use `OUTPUT`
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	LastInsertIDOutputInterstitial(tableName, columnName string, columns []string) string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// LastInsertIdReturningSuffix most dbs support LastInsertId, but postgres needs to use `RETURNING`
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	LastInsertIDReturningSuffix(tableName, columnName string) string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// DefaultValueStr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	DefaultValueStr() string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// BuildKeyName returns a valid key name (foreign key, index key) for the given table, field and reference
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	BuildKeyName(kind, tableName string, fields ...string) string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// NormalizeIndexAndColumn returns valid index name and column name depending on each dialect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	NormalizeIndexAndColumn(indexName, columnName string) (string, string)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// CurrentDatabase return current database name
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	CurrentDatabase() string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Dialect interface contains behaviors that differ across SQL database

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func GetDialect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func GetDialect(name string) (dialect Dialect, ok bool)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      GetDialect gets the dialect for the specified dialect name

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      type Errors

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      type Errors []error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Errors contains all happened errors

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (Errors) Add

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (errs Errors) Add(newErrors ...error) Errors

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Add adds an error to a given slice of errors

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (Errors) Error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (errs Errors) Error() string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Error takes a slice of all errors that have occurred and returns it as a formatted string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (Errors) GetErrors

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (errs Errors) GetErrors() []error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              GetErrors gets all errors that have occurred and returns a slice of errors (Error type)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              type Field

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              type Field struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              	IsBlank bool
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              	Field   reflect.Value

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Field model field definition

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (*Field) Set

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (field *Field) Set(value interface{}) (err error)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Set set a value to the field

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  type JoinTableForeignKey

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  type JoinTableForeignKey struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	DBName            string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	AssociationDBName string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    JoinTableForeignKey join table foreign key struct

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    type JoinTableHandler

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    type JoinTableHandler struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	TableName   string          `sql:"-"`
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	Source      JoinTableSource `sql:"-"`
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	Destination JoinTableSource `sql:"-"`

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      JoinTableHandler default join table handler

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (JoinTableHandler) Add

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (s JoinTableHandler) Add(handler JoinTableHandlerInterface, db *DB, source interface{}, destination interface{}) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Add create relationship in join table for source and destination

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (JoinTableHandler) Delete

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (s JoinTableHandler) Delete(handler JoinTableHandlerInterface, db *DB, sources ...interface{}) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Delete delete relationship in join table for sources

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (*JoinTableHandler) DestinationForeignKeys

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (s *JoinTableHandler) DestinationForeignKeys() []JoinTableForeignKey

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            DestinationForeignKeys return destination foreign keys

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (JoinTableHandler) JoinWith

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (s JoinTableHandler) JoinWith(handler JoinTableHandlerInterface, db *DB, source interface{}) *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              JoinWith query with `Join` conditions

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (*JoinTableHandler) Setup

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (s *JoinTableHandler) Setup(relationship *Relationship, tableName string, source reflect.Type, destination reflect.Type)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Setup initialize a default join table handler

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (*JoinTableHandler) SourceForeignKeys

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (s *JoinTableHandler) SourceForeignKeys() []JoinTableForeignKey

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  SourceForeignKeys return source foreign keys

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (JoinTableHandler) Table

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (s JoinTableHandler) Table(db *DB) string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Table return join table's table name

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    type JoinTableHandlerInterface

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    type JoinTableHandlerInterface interface {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	// initialize join table handler
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	Setup(relationship *Relationship, tableName string, source reflect.Type, destination reflect.Type)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	// Table return join table's table name
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	Table(db *DB) string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	// Add create relationship in join table for source and destination
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	Add(handler JoinTableHandlerInterface, db *DB, source interface{}, destination interface{}) error
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	// Delete delete relationship in join table for sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	Delete(handler JoinTableHandlerInterface, db *DB, sources ...interface{}) error
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	// JoinWith query with `Join` conditions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	JoinWith(handler JoinTableHandlerInterface, db *DB, source interface{}) *DB
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	// SourceForeignKeys return source foreign keys
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	SourceForeignKeys() []JoinTableForeignKey
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	// DestinationForeignKeys return destination foreign keys
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	DestinationForeignKeys() []JoinTableForeignKey

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      JoinTableHandlerInterface is an interface for how to handle many2many relations

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      type JoinTableSource

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      type JoinTableSource struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      	ModelType   reflect.Type
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      	ForeignKeys []JoinTableForeignKey

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        JoinTableSource is a struct that contains model type and foreign keys

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        type LogWriter

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        type LogWriter interface {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        	Println(v ...interface{})

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          LogWriter log writer interface

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          type Logger

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          type Logger struct {

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Logger default logger

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (Logger) Print

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (logger Logger) Print(values ...interface{})

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Print format & print log

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              type Model

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              type Model struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              	ID        uint `gorm:"primary_key"`
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              	CreatedAt time.Time
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              	UpdatedAt time.Time
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              	DeletedAt *time.Time `sql:"index"`

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Model base model definition, including fields `ID`, `CreatedAt`, `UpdatedAt`, `DeletedAt`, which could be embedded in your models

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                type User struct {

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                type ModelStruct

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                type ModelStruct struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                	PrimaryFields []*StructField
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                	StructFields  []*StructField
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                	ModelType     reflect.Type
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                	// contains filtered or unexported fields

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ModelStruct model definition

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (*ModelStruct) TableName

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (s *ModelStruct) TableName(db *DB) string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    TableName returns model's table name

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    type Namer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    type Namer func(string) string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Namer is a function type which is given a string and return a string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      type NamingStrategy

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      type NamingStrategy struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      	DB     Namer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      	Table  Namer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      	Column Namer

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        NamingStrategy represents naming strategies

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (*NamingStrategy) ColumnName

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (ns *NamingStrategy) ColumnName(name string) string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ColumnName alters the given name by Column

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (*NamingStrategy) DBName

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (ns *NamingStrategy) DBName(name string) string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            DBName alters the given name by DB

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (*NamingStrategy) TableName

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (ns *NamingStrategy) TableName(name string) string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              TableName alters the given name by Table

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              type Relationship

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              type Relationship struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              	Kind                         string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              	PolymorphicType              string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              	PolymorphicDBName            string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              	PolymorphicValue             string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              	ForeignFieldNames            []string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              	ForeignDBNames               []string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              	AssociationForeignFieldNames []string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              	AssociationForeignDBNames    []string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              	JoinTableHandler             JoinTableHandlerInterface

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Relationship described the relationship between models

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                type RowQueryResult

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                type RowQueryResult struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                	Row *sql.Row

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                type RowsQueryResult

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                type RowsQueryResult struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                	Rows  *sql.Rows
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                	Error error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                type SQLCommon

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                type SQLCommon interface {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                	Exec(query string, args ...interface{}) (sql.Result, error)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                	Prepare(query string) (*sql.Stmt, error)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                	Query(query string, args ...interface{}) (*sql.Rows, error)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                	QueryRow(query string, args ...interface{}) *sql.Row

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  SQLCommon is the minimal database connection functionality gorm requires. Implemented by *sql.DB.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  type Scope

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  type Scope struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	Search  *search
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	Value   interface{}
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	SQL     string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	SQLVars []interface{}
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  	// contains filtered or unexported fields

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Scope contain current operation's information when you perform any operation on the database

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (*Scope) AddToVars

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (scope *Scope) AddToVars(value interface{}) string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      AddToVars add value as sql's vars, used to prevent SQL injection

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (*Scope) Begin

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (scope *Scope) Begin() *Scope

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Begin start a transaction

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (*Scope) CallMethod

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (scope *Scope) CallMethod(methodName string)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          CallMethod call scope value's method, if it is a slice, will call its element's method one by one

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (*Scope) CombinedConditionSql

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (scope *Scope) CombinedConditionSql() string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            CombinedConditionSql return combined condition sql

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (*Scope) CommitOrRollback

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (scope *Scope) CommitOrRollback() *Scope

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              CommitOrRollback commit current transaction if no error happened, otherwise will rollback it

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (*Scope) DB

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (scope *Scope) DB() *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                DB return scope's DB connection

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (*Scope) Dialect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (scope *Scope) Dialect() Dialect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Dialect get dialect

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (*Scope) Err

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (scope *Scope) Err(err error) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Err add error to Scope

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (*Scope) Exec

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (scope *Scope) Exec() *Scope

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Exec perform generated SQL

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (*Scope) FieldByName

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (scope *Scope) FieldByName(name string) (field *Field, ok bool)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        FieldByName find `gorm.Field` with field name or db name

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (*Scope) Fields

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (scope *Scope) Fields() []*Field

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Fields get value's fields

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (*Scope) Get

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (scope *Scope) Get(name string) (interface{}, bool)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Get get setting by name

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (*Scope) GetModelStruct

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (scope *Scope) GetModelStruct() *ModelStruct

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              GetModelStruct get value's model struct, relationships based on struct and tag definition

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (*Scope) GetStructFields

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (scope *Scope) GetStructFields() (fields []*StructField)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                GetStructFields get model's field structs

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (*Scope) HasColumn

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (scope *Scope) HasColumn(column string) bool

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  HasColumn to check if has column

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (*Scope) HasError

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (scope *Scope) HasError() bool

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    HasError check if there are any error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (*Scope) IndirectValue

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (scope *Scope) IndirectValue() reflect.Value

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      IndirectValue return scope's reflect value's indirect value

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (*Scope) InstanceGet

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (scope *Scope) InstanceGet(name string) (interface{}, bool)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        InstanceGet get instance setting from current operation

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (*Scope) InstanceID

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (scope *Scope) InstanceID() string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          InstanceID get InstanceID for scope

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (*Scope) InstanceSet

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (scope *Scope) InstanceSet(name string, value interface{}) *Scope

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            InstanceSet set instance setting for current operation, but not for operations in callbacks, like saving associations callback

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (*Scope) Log

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (scope *Scope) Log(v ...interface{})

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Log print log message

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (*Scope) New

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (scope *Scope) New(value interface{}) *Scope

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                New create a new Scope without search information

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (*Scope) NewDB

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (scope *Scope) NewDB() *DB

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  NewDB create a new DB without search information

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (*Scope) OmitAttrs

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (scope *Scope) OmitAttrs() []string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    OmitAttrs return omitted attributes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (*Scope) PrimaryField

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (scope *Scope) PrimaryField() *Field

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      PrimaryField return scope's main primary field, if defined more that one primary fields, will return the one having column name `id` or the first one

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (*Scope) PrimaryFields

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (scope *Scope) PrimaryFields() (fields []*Field)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        PrimaryFields return scope's primary fields

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (*Scope) PrimaryKey

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (scope *Scope) PrimaryKey() string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          PrimaryKey get main primary field's db name

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (*Scope) PrimaryKeyValue

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (scope *Scope) PrimaryKeyValue() interface{}

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            PrimaryKeyValue get the primary key's value

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (*Scope) PrimaryKeyZero

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (scope *Scope) PrimaryKeyZero() bool

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              PrimaryKeyZero check main primary field's value is blank or not

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (*Scope) Quote

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (scope *Scope) Quote(str string) string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Quote used to quote string to escape them for database

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (*Scope) QuotedTableName

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                func (scope *Scope) QuotedTableName() (name string)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  QuotedTableName return quoted table name

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (*Scope) Raw

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func (scope *Scope) Raw(sql string) *Scope

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Raw set raw sql

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (*Scope) SQLDB

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    func (scope *Scope) SQLDB() SQLCommon

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      SQLDB return *sql.DB

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (*Scope) SelectAttrs

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (scope *Scope) SelectAttrs() []string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        SelectAttrs return selected attributes

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (*Scope) Set

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (scope *Scope) Set(name string, value interface{}) *Scope

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Set set value by name

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (*Scope) SetColumn

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (scope *Scope) SetColumn(column interface{}, value interface{}) error

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            SetColumn to set the column's value, column could be field or field's name/dbname

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (*Scope) SkipLeft

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            func (scope *Scope) SkipLeft()

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              SkipLeft skip remaining callbacks

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (*Scope) TableName

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              func (scope *Scope) TableName() string

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                TableName return table name

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                type SqlExpr

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                type SqlExpr struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                	// contains filtered or unexported fields

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  SQL expression

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func Expr

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  func Expr(expression string, args ...interface{}) *SqlExpr

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Expr generate raw SQL expression, for example:

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    DB.Model(&product).Update("price", gorm.Expr("price * ? + ?", 2, 100))

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    type StructField

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    type StructField struct {
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	DBName          string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	Name            string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	Names           []string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	IsPrimaryKey    bool
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	IsNormal        bool
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	IsIgnored       bool
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	IsScanner       bool
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	HasDefaultValue bool
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	Tag             reflect.StructTag
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	TagSettings     map[string]string
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	Struct          reflect.StructField
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	IsForeignKey    bool
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	Relationship    *Relationship
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    	// contains filtered or unexported fields

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      StructField model field's struct definition

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (*StructField) TagSettingsDelete

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      func (sf *StructField) TagSettingsDelete(key string)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        TagSettingsDelete deletes a tag

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (*StructField) TagSettingsGet

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        func (sf *StructField) TagSettingsGet(key string) (string, bool)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          TagSettingsGet returns a tag from the tag settings

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (*StructField) TagSettingsSet

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          func (sf *StructField) TagSettingsSet(key, val string)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            TagSettingsSet Sets a tag in the tag settings map


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