libp2p

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Published: Sep 27, 2021 License: MIT Imports: 28 Imported by: 426

README

libp2p hex logo

The Go implementation of the libp2p Networking Stack.



Table of Contents

Background

libp2p is a networking stack and library modularized out of The IPFS Project, and bundled separately for other tools to use.

libp2p is the product of a long, and arduous quest of understanding -- a deep dive into the internet's network stack, and plentiful peer-to-peer protocols from the past. Building large-scale peer-to-peer systems has been complex and difficult in the last 15 years, and libp2p is a way to fix that. It is a "network stack" -- a protocol suite -- that cleanly separates concerns, and enables sophisticated applications to only use the protocols they absolutely need, without giving up interoperability and upgradeability. libp2p grew out of IPFS, but it is built so that lots of people can use it, for lots of different projects.

We will be writing a set of docs, posts, tutorials, and talks to explain what p2p is, why it is tremendously useful, and how it can help your existing and new projects. But in the meantime, check out

Usage

This repository (go-libp2p) serves as the entrypoint to the universe of modules that compose the Go implementation of the libp2p stack.

You can start using go-libp2p in your Go application simply by adding imports from our repos, e.g.:

import "github.com/libp2p/go-libp2p"

Run go get or go build, excluding the libp2p repos from Go modules proxy usage. You only need to do this the first time you import go-libp2p to make sure you latch onto the correct version lineage (see golang/go#34189 for context):

$ GOPRIVATE='github.com/libp2p/*' go get ./...

The Go build tools will look for available releases, and will pick the highest available one.

As new releases of go-libp2p are made available, you can upgrade your application by manually editing your go.mod file, or using the Go tools to maintain module requirements.

API

GoDoc

Examples

Examples can be found in the examples folder.

Development

Using the go-libp2p Workspace

While developing, you may need to make changes to several modules at once, or you may want changes made locally in one module to be available for import by another.

The go-libp2p workspace provides a developer-oriented view of the modules that comprise go-libp2p.

Using the tooling in the workspace repository, you can checkout all of go-libp2p's module repos and enter "local mode", which adds replace directives to the go.mod files in each local working copy. When you build locally, the libp2p depdendencies will be resolved from your local working copies.

Once you've committed your changes, you can switch back to "remote mode", which removes the replace directives and pulls imports from the main go module cache.

See the workspace repo for more information.

About gx

Before adopting gomod, libp2p used gx to manage dependencies using IPFS.

Due to the difficulties in keeping both dependency management solutions up-to-date, gx support was ended in April 2019.

Ending gx support does not mean that existing gx builds will break. Because gx references dependencies by their immutable IPFS hash, any currently working gx builds will continue to work for as long as the dependencies are resolvable in IPFS.

However, new changes to go-libp2p will not be published via gx, and users are encouraged to adopt gomod to stay up-to-date.

If you experience any issues migrating from gx to gomod, please join the discussion at the libp2p forums.

Tests

go test ./... will run all tests in the repo.

Releasing

Please start a release by opening a new Libp2p Release issue.

Packages

This table is generated using the module package-table with package-table --data=package-list.json.

List of packages currently in existence for libp2p:

Name CI/Travis Coverage Description
Libp2p
go-libp2p Travis CI codecov go-libp2p entry point
go-libp2p-core Travis CI codecov core interfaces, types, and abstractions
go-libp2p-blankhost Travis CI codecov minimal implementation of the "host" interface
Network
go-libp2p-swarm Travis CI codecov reference implementation of network state machine
Transport
go-ws-transport Travis CI codecov WebSocket transport
go-tcp-transport Travis CI codecov TCP transport
go-libp2p-quic-transport Travis CI codecov QUIC transport
go-udp-transport Travis CI codecov UDP transport
go-utp-transport Travis CI codecov uTorrent transport (UTP)
go-libp2p-circuit Travis CI codecov relay transport
go-libp2p-transport-upgrader Travis CI codecov upgrades multiaddr-net connections into full libp2p transports
go-libp2p-reuseport-transport Travis CI codecov partial transport for building transports that reuse ports
Encrypted Channels
go-libp2p-secio Travis CI codecov SecIO crypto channel
go-libp2p-tls Travis CI codecov TLS 1.3+ crypto channel
go-conn-security-multistream Travis CI codecov multistream multiplexed meta crypto channel
Private Network
go-libp2p-pnet Travis CI codecov reference private networking implementation
Stream Muxers
go-libp2p-yamux Travis CI codecov YAMUX stream multiplexer
go-libp2p-mplex Travis CI codecov MPLEX stream multiplexer
NAT Traversal
go-libp2p-nat Travis CI codecov
Peerstore
go-libp2p-peerstore Travis CI codecov reference implementation of peer metadata storage component
Connection Manager
go-libp2p-connmgr Travis CI codecov reference implementation of connection manager
Routing
go-libp2p-record Travis CI codecov record type and validator logic
go-libp2p-kad-dht Travis CI codecov Kademlia-like router
go-libp2p-kbucket Travis CI codecov Kademlia routing table helper types
go-libp2p-coral-dht Travis CI codecov Router based on Coral DHT
go-libp2p-pubsub-router Travis CI codecov record-store over pubsub adapter
Consensus
go-libp2p-consensus Travis CI codecov consensus protocols interfaces
go-libp2p-raft Travis CI codecov consensus implementation over raft
Pubsub
go-libp2p-pubsub Travis CI codecov multiple pubsub over libp2p implementations
RPC
go-libp2p-gorpc Travis CI codecov a simple RPC library for libp2p
Utilities/miscellaneous
go-libp2p-loggables Travis CI codecov logging helpers
go-maddr-filter Travis CI codecov multiaddr filtering helpers
go-libp2p-netutil Travis CI codecov misc utilities
go-msgio Travis CI codecov length prefixed data channel
go-addr-util Travis CI codecov address utilities for libp2p swarm
go-buffer-pool Travis CI codecov a variable size buffer pool for go
go-libp2p-routing-helpers Travis CI codecov routing helpers
go-reuseport Travis CI codecov enables reuse of addresses
go-sockaddr Travis CI codecov utils for sockaddr conversions
go-flow-metrics Travis CI codecov metrics library
go-libp2p-gostream Travis CI codecov Go 'net' wrappers for libp2p
go-libp2p-http Travis CI codecov HTTP on top of libp2p streams
Testing and examples
go-libp2p-testing Travis CI codecov a collection of testing utilities for libp2p

Contribute

go-libp2p is part of The IPFS Project, and is MIT-licensed open source software. We welcome contributions big and small! Take a look at the community contributing notes. Please make sure to check the issues. Search the closed ones before reporting things, and help us with the open ones.

Guidelines:

  • read the libp2p spec
  • please make branches + pull-request, even if working on the main repository
  • ask questions or talk about things in issues, our discussion forums, or #libp2p or #ipfs on freenode.
  • ensure you are able to contribute (no legal issues please -- we use the DCO)
  • run go fmt before pushing any code
  • run golint and go vet too -- some things (like protobuf files) are expected to fail.
  • get in touch with @raulk and @mgoelzer about how best to contribute
  • have fun!

There's a few things you can do right now to help out:

  • Go through the modules below and check out existing issues. This would be especially useful for modules in active development. Some knowledge of IPFS/libp2p may be required, as well as the infrasture behind it - for instance, you may need to read up on p2p and more complex operations like muxing to be able to help technically.
  • Perform code reviews.
  • Add tests. There can never be enough tests.

The last gx published version of this module was: 6.0.41: QmTRN7hRxvGkxKxDdeudty7sRet4L7ZKZCqKsXHa79wmAc

Documentation

Index

Constants

This section is empty.

Variables

View Source
var DefaultEnableRelay = func(cfg *Config) error {
	return cfg.Apply(EnableRelay())
}

DefaultEnableRelay enables relay dialing and listening by default.

View Source
var DefaultListenAddrs = func(cfg *Config) error {
	defaultIP4ListenAddr, err := multiaddr.NewMultiaddr("/ip4/0.0.0.0/tcp/0")
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}

	defaultIP6ListenAddr, err := multiaddr.NewMultiaddr("/ip6/::/tcp/0")
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	return cfg.Apply(ListenAddrs(
		defaultIP4ListenAddr,
		defaultIP6ListenAddr,
	))
}

DefaultListenAddrs configures libp2p to use default listen address.

View Source
var DefaultMuxers = ChainOptions(
	Muxer("/yamux/1.0.0", yamux.DefaultTransport),
	Muxer("/mplex/6.7.0", mplex.DefaultTransport),
)

DefaultMuxers configures libp2p to use the stream connection multiplexers.

Use this option when you want to *extend* the set of multiplexers used by libp2p instead of replacing them.

View Source
var DefaultSecurity = ChainOptions(
	Security(noise.ID, noise.New),
	Security(tls.ID, tls.New),
)

DefaultSecurity is the default security option.

Useful when you want to extend, but not replace, the supported transport security protocols.

DefaultTransports are the default libp2p transports.

Use this option when you want to *extend* the set of transports used by libp2p instead of replacing them.

View Source
var NoListenAddrs = func(cfg *Config) error {
	cfg.ListenAddrs = []ma.Multiaddr{}
	if !cfg.RelayCustom {
		cfg.RelayCustom = true
		cfg.Relay = false
	}
	return nil
}

NoListenAddrs will configure libp2p to not listen by default.

This will both clear any configured listen addrs and prevent libp2p from applying the default listen address option. It also disables relay, unless the user explicitly specifies with an option, as the transport creates an implicit listen address that would make the node dialable through any relay it was connected to.

View Source
var NoTransports = func(cfg *Config) error {
	cfg.Transports = []config.TptC{}
	return nil
}

NoTransports will configure libp2p to not enable any transports.

This will both clear any configured transports (specified in prior libp2p options) and prevent libp2p from applying the default transports.

View Source
var RandomIdentity = func(cfg *Config) error {
	priv, _, err := crypto.GenerateKeyPairWithReader(crypto.RSA, 2048, rand.Reader)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	return cfg.Apply(Identity(priv))
}

RandomIdentity generates a random identity. (default behaviour)

Functions

func New

func New(ctx context.Context, opts ...Option) (host.Host, error)

New constructs a new libp2p node with the given options, falling back on reasonable defaults. The defaults are:

- If no transport and listen addresses are provided, the node listens to the multiaddresses "/ip4/0.0.0.0/tcp/0" and "/ip6/::/tcp/0";

- If no transport options are provided, the node uses TCP and websocket transport protocols;

- If no multiplexer configuration is provided, the node is configured by default to use the "yamux/1.0.0" and "mplux/6.7.0" stream connection multiplexers;

- If no security transport is provided, the host uses the go-libp2p's noise and/or tls encrypted transport to encrypt all traffic;

- If no peer identity is provided, it generates a random RSA 2048 key-pair and derives a new identity from it;

- If no peerstore is provided, the host is initialized with an empty peerstore.

To stop/shutdown the returned libp2p node, the user needs to cancel the passed context and call `Close` on the returned Host.

func NewWithoutDefaults

func NewWithoutDefaults(ctx context.Context, opts ...Option) (host.Host, error)

NewWithoutDefaults constructs a new libp2p node with the given options but *without* falling back on reasonable defaults.

Warning: This function should not be considered a stable interface. We may choose to add required services at any time and, by using this function, you opt-out of any defaults we may provide.

Types

type Config

type Config = config.Config

Config describes a set of settings for a libp2p node.

type Option

type Option = config.Option

Option is a libp2p config option that can be given to the libp2p constructor (`libp2p.New`).

var DefaultPeerstore Option = func(cfg *Config) error {
	return cfg.Apply(Peerstore(pstoremem.NewPeerstore()))
}

DefaultPeerstore configures libp2p to use the default peerstore.

var Defaults Option = func(cfg *Config) error {
	for _, def := range defaults {
		if err := cfg.Apply(def.opt); err != nil {
			return err
		}
	}
	return nil
}

Defaults configures libp2p to use the default options. Can be combined with other options to *extend* the default options.

var FallbackDefaults Option = func(cfg *Config) error {
	for _, def := range defaults {
		if !def.fallback(cfg) {
			continue
		}
		if err := cfg.Apply(def.opt); err != nil {
			return err
		}
	}
	return nil
}

FallbackDefaults applies default options to the libp2p node if and only if no other relevant options have been applied. will be appended to the options passed into New.

var NoSecurity Option = func(cfg *Config) error {
	if len(cfg.SecurityTransports) > 0 {
		return fmt.Errorf("cannot use security transports with an insecure libp2p configuration")
	}
	cfg.Insecure = true
	return nil
}

NoSecurity is an option that completely disables all transport security. It's incompatible with all other transport security protocols.

func AddrsFactory

func AddrsFactory(factory config.AddrsFactory) Option

AddrsFactory configures libp2p to use the given address factory.

func AutoNATServiceRateLimit added in v0.8.0

func AutoNATServiceRateLimit(global, perPeer int, interval time.Duration) Option

AutoNATServiceRateLimit changes the default rate limiting configured in helping other peers determine their reachability status. When set, the host will limit the number of requests it responds to in each 60 second period to the set numbers. A value of '0' disables throttling.

func BandwidthReporter

func BandwidthReporter(rep metrics.Reporter) Option

BandwidthReporter configures libp2p to use the given bandwidth reporter.

func ChainOptions

func ChainOptions(opts ...Option) Option

ChainOptions chains multiple options into a single option.

func ConnectionGater added in v0.9.0

func ConnectionGater(cg connmgr.ConnectionGater) Option

ConnectionGater configures libp2p to use the given ConnectionGater to actively reject inbound/outbound connections based on the lifecycle stage of the connection.

For more information, refer to go-libp2p-core.ConnectionGater.

func ConnectionManager

func ConnectionManager(connman connmgr.ConnManager) Option

ConnectionManager configures libp2p to use the given connection manager.

The current "standard" connection manager lives in github.com/libp2p/go-libp2p-connmgr. See https://pkg.go.dev/github.com/libp2p/go-libp2p-connmgr?utm_source=godoc#NewConnManager.

func DefaultStaticRelays added in v0.0.32

func DefaultStaticRelays() Option

DefaultStaticRelays configures the static relays to use the known PL-operated relays.

func DisableRelay

func DisableRelay() Option

DisableRelay configures libp2p to disable the relay transport.

func EnableAutoRelay

func EnableAutoRelay() Option

EnableAutoRelay configures libp2p to enable the AutoRelay subsystem.

Dependencies:

* Relay (enabled by default)
* Routing (to find relays), or StaticRelays/DefaultStaticRelays.

This subsystem performs two functions:

1. When this libp2p node is configured to act as a relay "hop"

(circuit.OptHop is passed to EnableRelay), this node will advertise itself
as a public relay using the provided routing system.

2. When this libp2p node is _not_ configured as a relay "hop", it will

automatically detect if it is unreachable (e.g., behind a NAT). If so, it will
find, configure, and announce a set of public relays.

func EnableNATService added in v0.7.0

func EnableNATService() Option

EnableNATService configures libp2p to provide a service to peers for determining their reachability status. When enabled, the host will attempt to dial back to peers, and then tell them if it was successful in making such connections.

func EnableRelay

func EnableRelay(options ...circuit.RelayOpt) Option

EnableRelay configures libp2p to enable the relay transport with configuration options. By default, this option only configures libp2p to accept inbound connections from relays and make outbound connections _through_ relays when requested by the remote peer. (default: enabled)

To _act_ as a relay, pass the circuit.OptHop option.

func ForceReachabilityPrivate added in v0.8.0

func ForceReachabilityPrivate() Option

ForceReachabilityPrivate overrides automatic reachability detection in the AutoNAT subsystem, forceing the local node to believe it is behind a NAT and not reachable externally.

func ForceReachabilityPublic added in v0.8.0

func ForceReachabilityPublic() Option

ForceReachabilityPublic overrides automatic reachability detection in the AutoNAT subsystem, forcing the local node to believe it is reachable externally.

func Identity

func Identity(sk crypto.PrivKey) Option

Identity configures libp2p to use the given private key to identify itself.

func ListenAddrStrings

func ListenAddrStrings(s ...string) Option

ListenAddrStrings configures libp2p to listen on the given (unparsed) addresses.

func ListenAddrs

func ListenAddrs(addrs ...ma.Multiaddr) Option

ListenAddrs configures libp2p to listen on the given addresses.

func MultiaddrResolver added in v0.14.0

func MultiaddrResolver(rslv *madns.Resolver) Option

MultiaddrResolver sets the libp2p dns resolver

func Muxer

func Muxer(name string, tpt interface{}) Option

Muxer configures libp2p to use the given stream multiplexer (or stream multiplexer constructor).

Name is the protocol name.

The transport can be a constructed mux.Transport or a function taking any subset of this libp2p node's: * Peer ID * Host * Network * Peerstore

func NATManager

func NATManager(nm config.NATManagerC) Option

NATManager will configure libp2p to use the requested NATManager. This function should be passed a NATManager *constructor* that takes a libp2p Network.

func NATPortMap

func NATPortMap() Option

NATPortMap configures libp2p to use the default NATManager. The default NATManager will attempt to open a port in your network's firewall using UPnP.

func Peerstore

func Peerstore(ps peerstore.Peerstore) Option

Peerstore configures libp2p to use the given peerstore.

func Ping

func Ping(enable bool) Option

Ping will configure libp2p to support the ping service; enable by default.

func PrivateNetwork

func PrivateNetwork(psk pnet.PSK) Option

PrivateNetwork configures libp2p to use the given private network protector.

func Routing

func Routing(rt config.RoutingC) Option

Routing will configure libp2p to use routing.

func Security

func Security(name string, tpt interface{}) Option

Security configures libp2p to use the given security transport (or transport constructor).

Name is the protocol name.

The transport can be a constructed security.Transport or a function taking any subset of this libp2p node's: * Public key * Private key * Peer ID * Host * Network * Peerstore

func StaticRelays added in v0.0.31

func StaticRelays(relays []peer.AddrInfo) Option

StaticRelays configures known relays for autorelay; when this option is enabled then the system will use the configured relays instead of querying the DHT to discover relays.

func Transport

func Transport(tpt interface{}) Option

Transport configures libp2p to use the given transport (or transport constructor).

The transport can be a constructed transport.Transport or a function taking any subset of this libp2p node's: * Transport Upgrader (*tptu.Upgrader) * Host * Stream muxer (muxer.Transport) * Security transport (security.Transport) * Private network protector (pnet.Protector) * Peer ID * Private Key * Public Key * Address filter (filter.Filter) * Peerstore

func UserAgent added in v0.4.0

func UserAgent(userAgent string) Option

UserAgent sets the libp2p user-agent sent along with the identify protocol

Directories

Path Synopsis
examples module
pubsub/chat Module
p2p
host/relay
The relay package contains the components necessary to implement the "autorelay" feature.
The relay package contains the components necessary to implement the "autorelay" feature.
net/mock
Package mocknet provides a mock net.Network to test with.
Package mocknet provides a mock net.Network to test with.
test/reconnects
Package reconnect tests connect -> disconnect -> reconnect works
Package reconnect tests connect -> disconnect -> reconnect works

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