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Published: Mar 23, 2021 License: MIT Imports: 0 Imported by: 0

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566. Reshape the Matrix (Easy)

In MATLAB, there is a very useful function called 'reshape', which can reshape a matrix into a new one with different size but keep its original data.

You're given a matrix represented by a two-dimensional array, and two positive integers r and c representing the row number and column number of the wanted reshaped matrix, respectively.

The reshaped matrix need to be filled with all the elements of the original matrix in the same row-traversing order as they were.

If the 'reshape' operation with given parameters is possible and legal, output the new reshaped matrix; Otherwise, output the original matrix.

Example 1:

Input: 
nums = 
[[1,2],
 [3,4]]
r = 1, c = 4
Output: 
[[1,2,3,4]]
Explanation:
The row-traversing of nums is [1,2,3,4]. The new reshaped matrix is a 1 * 4 matrix, fill it row by row by using the previous list.

Example 2:

Input: 
nums = 
[[1,2],
 [3,4]]
r = 2, c = 4
Output: 
[[1,2],
 [3,4]]
Explanation:
There is no way to reshape a 2 * 2 matrix to a 2 * 4 matrix. So output the original matrix.

Note:

  1. The height and width of the given matrix is in range [1, 100].
  2. The given r and c are all positive.

[Array]

Hints

Hint 1 Do you know how 2d matrix is stored in 1d memory? Try to map 2-dimensions into one.
Hint 2 M[i][j]=M[n*i+j] , where n is the number of cols. This is the one way of converting 2-d indices into one 1-d index. Now, how will you convert 1-d index into 2-d indices?
Hint 3 Try to use division and modulus to convert 1-d index into 2-d indices.
Hint 4 M[i] => M[n/i][n%i] Will it result in right mapping? Take some example and check this formulae.

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