Package resolver is responsible for querying DNS.

DNS Servers

Internal lists of resolvers to use are built on start and rebuilt on every config or network change. Configured DNS servers are prioritized over servers assigned by dhcp. Domain and search options (here referred to as "search scopes") are being considered.


Usage of DNS Servers can be regulated using the configuration:

DoNotUseAssignedDNS        // Do not use DNS servers assigned by DHCP
DoNotUseMDNS               // Do not use mDNS
DoNotForwardSpecialDomains // Do not forward special domains to local resolvers, except if they have a search scope for it

Note: The DHCP options "domain" and "search" are ignored for servers assigned by DHCP that do not reside within local address space.

Resolving DNS

Various different queries require the resolver to behave in different manner:

Queries for "localhost." are immediately responded with and ::1, for A and AAAA queries and NXDomain for others. Reverse lookups on local address ranges (10/8, 172.16/12, 192.168/16, fe80::/7) will be tried against every local resolver and finally mDNS until a successful, non-NXDomain answer is received. Special domains ("example.", "", "", "", "invalid.", "test.", "onion.") are resolved using search scopes and local resolvers. All other domains are resolved using search scopes and all available resolvers.



View Source
const (
	BlockDetectionRefused     = "refused"
	BlockDetectionZeroIP      = "zeroip"
	BlockDetectionEmptyAnswer = "empty"
	BlockDetectionDisabled    = "disabled"

Supported upstream block detections

View Source
const (
	ServerTypeDNS  = "dns"
	ServerTypeTCP  = "tcp"
	ServerTypeDoT  = "dot"
	ServerTypeDoH  = "doh"
	ServerTypeMDNS = "mdns"
	ServerTypeEnv  = "env"

	ServerSourceConfigured      = "config"
	ServerSourceOperatingSystem = "system"
	ServerSourceMDNS            = "mdns"
	ServerSourceEnv             = "env"

DNS Resolver Attributes

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const (
	DNSClassMulticast = dns.ClassINET | 1<<15

DNS Classes

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const (
	// IPInfoProfileScopeGlobal is the profile scope used for unscoped IPInfo entries.
	IPInfoProfileScopeGlobal = "global"


View Source
var (
	CfgOptionNameServersKey = "dns/nameservers"

	CfgOptionNoAssignedNameserversKey = "dns/noAssignedNameservers"

	CfgOptionNoMulticastDNSKey = "dns/noMulticastDNS"

	CfgOptionNoInsecureProtocolsKey = "dns/noInsecureProtocols"

	CfgOptionDontResolveSpecialDomainsKey = "dns/dontResolveSpecialDomains"

	CfgOptionNameserverRetryRateKey = "dns/nameserverRetryRate"

Configuration Keys

View Source
var (

	// ErrNotFound is a basic error that will match all "not found" errors
	ErrNotFound = errors.New("record could not be found")
	// ErrBlocked is basic error that will match all "blocked" errors
	ErrBlocked = errors.New("query was blocked")
	// ErrLocalhost is returned to *.localhost queries
	ErrLocalhost = errors.New("query for localhost")
	// ErrTimeout is returned when a query times out
	ErrTimeout = errors.New("query timed out")
	// ErrOffline is returned when no network connection is detected
	ErrOffline = errors.New("device is offine")
	// ErrFailure is returned when the type of failure is unclear
	ErrFailure = errors.New("query failed")
	// ErrContinue is returned when the resolver has no answer, and the next resolver should be asked
	ErrContinue = errors.New("resolver has no answer")

	// ErrTestDomainsDisabled wraps ErrBlocked
	ErrTestDomainsDisabled = fmt.Errorf("%w: test domains disabled", ErrBlocked)
	// ErrSpecialDomainsDisabled wraps ErrBlocked
	ErrSpecialDomainsDisabled = fmt.Errorf("%w: special domains disabled", ErrBlocked)
	// ErrInvalid wraps ErrNotFound
	ErrInvalid = fmt.Errorf("%w: invalid request", ErrNotFound)
	// ErrNoCompliance wraps ErrBlocked and is returned when no resolvers were able to comply with the current settings
	ErrNoCompliance = fmt.Errorf("%w: no compliant resolvers for this query", ErrBlocked)
View Source
var (
	// FailThreshold is amount of errors a resolvers must experience in order to be regarded as failed.
	FailThreshold = 20


func ResetCachedRecord

func ResetCachedRecord(domain, question string) error

ResetCachedRecord deletes a NameRecord from the cache database.

func ResolveIPAndValidate

func ResolveIPAndValidate(ctx context.Context, ip string, securityLevel uint8) (domain string, err error)

ResolveIPAndValidate finds (reverse DNS), validates (forward DNS) and returns the domain name assigned to the given IP.

func SetLocalAddrFactory

func SetLocalAddrFactory(laf func(network string) net.Addr)

SetLocalAddrFactory supplies the intel package with a function to get permitted local addresses for connections.


type BasicResolverConn

type BasicResolverConn struct {
	sync.Mutex // Also used by inheriting structs.
	// contains filtered or unexported fields

BasicResolverConn implements ResolverConn for standard dns clients.

func (*BasicResolverConn) IsFailing

func (brc *BasicResolverConn) IsFailing() bool

IsFailing returns if this resolver is currently failing.

func (*BasicResolverConn) ReportFailure

func (brc *BasicResolverConn) ReportFailure()

ReportFailure reports that an error occurred with this resolver.

func (*BasicResolverConn) ResetFailure

func (brc *BasicResolverConn) ResetFailure()

ResetFailure resets the failure status.

type BlockedUpstreamError

type BlockedUpstreamError struct {
	ResolverName string

BlockedUpstreamError is returned when a DNS request has been blocked by the upstream server.

func (*BlockedUpstreamError) Error

func (blocked *BlockedUpstreamError) Error() string

func (*BlockedUpstreamError) Unwrap

func (blocked *BlockedUpstreamError) Unwrap() error

Unwrap implements errors.Unwrapper

type IPInfo

type IPInfo struct {

	// IP holds the actual IP address.
	IP string

	// ProfileID is used to scope this entry to a process group.
	ProfileID string

	// ResolvedDomain is a slice of domains that
	// have been requested by various applications
	// and have been resolved to IP.
	ResolvedDomains ResolvedDomains

IPInfo represents various information about an IP.

func GetIPInfo

func GetIPInfo(profileID, ip string) (*IPInfo, error)

GetIPInfo gets an IPInfo record from the database.

func (*IPInfo) AddDomain

func (info *IPInfo) AddDomain(resolved ResolvedDomain)

AddDomain adds a new resolved domain to IPInfo.

func (*IPInfo) MostRecentDomain

func (info *IPInfo) MostRecentDomain() *ResolvedDomain

MostRecentDomain returns the most recent domain.

func (*IPInfo) Save

func (info *IPInfo) Save() error

Save saves the IPInfo record to the database.

func (*IPInfo) String

func (info *IPInfo) String() string

FmtDomains returns a string consisting of the domains that have seen to use this IP, joined by " or "

type InFlightQuery

type InFlightQuery struct {
	Query          *Query
	Msg            *dns.Msg
	Response       chan *dns.Msg
	Resolver       *Resolver
	Started        time.Time
	ConnInstanceID uint32

InFlightQuery represents an in flight query of a TCPResolver.

func (*InFlightQuery) MakeCacheRecord

func (ifq *InFlightQuery) MakeCacheRecord(reply *dns.Msg) *RRCache

MakeCacheRecord creates an RCache record from a reply.

type NameRecord

type NameRecord struct {

	Domain   string
	Question string
	RCode    int
	Answer   []string
	Ns       []string
	Extra    []string
	Expires  int64

	Resolver *ResolverInfo

NameRecord is helper struct to RRCache to better save data to the database.

func GetNameRecord

func GetNameRecord(domain, question string) (*NameRecord, error)

GetNameRecord gets a NameRecord from the database.

func (*NameRecord) IsValid

func (nameRecord *NameRecord) IsValid() bool

IsValid returns whether the NameRecord is valid and may be used. Otherwise, it should be disregarded.

func (*NameRecord) Save

func (rec *NameRecord) Save() error

Save saves the NameRecord to the database.

type PlainResolver

type PlainResolver struct {

PlainResolver is a resolver using plain DNS.

func NewPlainResolver

func NewPlainResolver(resolver *Resolver) *PlainResolver

NewPlainResolver returns a new TPCResolver.

func (*PlainResolver) Query

func (pr *PlainResolver) Query(ctx context.Context, q *Query) (*RRCache, error)

Query executes the given query against the resolver.

type Query

type Query struct {
	FQDN               string
	QType              dns.Type
	SecurityLevel      uint8
	NoCaching          bool
	IgnoreFailing      bool
	LocalResolversOnly bool
	// contains filtered or unexported fields

Query describes a dns query.

func (*Query) ID

func (q *Query) ID() string

ID returns the ID of the query consisting of the domain and question type.

type RRCache

type RRCache struct {
	// Respnse Header
	Domain   string
	Question dns.Type
	RCode    int

	// Response Content
	Answer  []dns.RR
	Ns      []dns.RR
	Extra   []dns.RR
	Expires int64

	// Resolver Information
	Resolver *ResolverInfo

	// Metadata about the request and handling
	ServedFromCache bool
	RequestingNew   bool
	IsBackup        bool
	Filtered        bool
	FilteredEntries []string

	// Modified holds when this entry was last changed, ie. saved to database.
	// This field is only populated when the entry comes from the cache.
	Modified int64

RRCache is a single-use structure to hold a DNS response. Persistence is handled through NameRecords because of a limitation of the underlying dns library.

func GetRRCache

func GetRRCache(domain string, question dns.Type) (*RRCache, error)

GetRRCache tries to load the corresponding NameRecord from the database and convert it.

func Resolve

func Resolve(ctx context.Context, q *Query) (rrCache *RRCache, err error)

Resolve resolves the given query for a domain and type and returns a RRCache object or nil, if the query failed.

func (*RRCache) Cacheable

func (rrCache *RRCache) Cacheable() bool

Cacheable returns whether the record should be cached.

func (*RRCache) Clean

func (rrCache *RRCache) Clean(minExpires uint32)

Clean sets all TTLs to 17 and sets cache expiry with specified minimum.

func (*RRCache) Expired

func (rrCache *RRCache) Expired() bool

Expired returns whether the record has expired.

func (*RRCache) ExpiresSoon

func (rrCache *RRCache) ExpiresSoon() bool

ExpiresSoon returns whether the record will expire soon and should already be refreshed.

func (*RRCache) ExportAllARecords

func (rrCache *RRCache) ExportAllARecords() (ips []net.IP)

ExportAllARecords return of a list of all A and AAAA IP addresses.

func (*RRCache) Flags

func (rrCache *RRCache) Flags() string

Flags formats ServedFromCache and RequestingNew to a condensed, flag-like format.

func (*RRCache) GetExtraRRs

func (rrCache *RRCache) GetExtraRRs(ctx context.Context, query *dns.Msg) (extra []dns.RR)

GetExtraRRs returns a slice of RRs with additional informational records.

func (*RRCache) ID

func (rrCache *RRCache) ID() string

ID returns the ID of the RRCache consisting of the domain and question type.

func (*RRCache) ReplaceAnswerNames

func (rrCache *RRCache) ReplaceAnswerNames(fqdn string)

ReplaceAnswerNames is a helper function that replaces all answer names, that match the query domain, with another value. This is used to support handling non-standard query names, which are resolved normalized, but have to be reverted back for the origin non-standard query name in order for the clients to recognize the response.

func (*RRCache) ReplyWithDNS

func (rrCache *RRCache) ReplyWithDNS(ctx context.Context, request *dns.Msg) *dns.Msg

ReplyWithDNS creates a new reply to the given query with the data from the RRCache, and additional informational records.

func (*RRCache) Save

func (rrCache *RRCache) Save() error

Save saves the RRCache to the database as a NameRecord.

func (*RRCache) ShallowCopy

func (rrCache *RRCache) ShallowCopy() *RRCache

ShallowCopy returns a shallow copy of the cache. slices are not copied, but referenced.

func (*RRCache) ToNameRecord

func (rrCache *RRCache) ToNameRecord() *NameRecord

ToNameRecord converts the RRCache to a NameRecord for cleaner persistence.

type ResolvedDomain

type ResolvedDomain struct {
	// Domain is the domain as requested by the application.
	Domain string

	// CNAMEs is a list of CNAMEs that have been resolved for
	// Domain.
	CNAMEs []string

	// Resolver holds basic information about the resolver that provided this
	// information.
	Resolver *ResolverInfo

	// Expires holds the timestamp when this entry expires.
	// This does not mean that the entry may not be used anymore afterwards,
	// but that this is used to calcuate the TTL of the database record.
	Expires int64

ResolvedDomain holds a Domain name and a list of CNAMES that have been resolved.

func (*ResolvedDomain) String

func (resolved *ResolvedDomain) String() string

String returns a string representation of ResolvedDomain including the CNAME chain. It implements fmt.Stringer

type ResolvedDomains

type ResolvedDomains []ResolvedDomain

ResolvedDomains is a helper type for operating on a slice of ResolvedDomain

func (ResolvedDomains) String

func (rds ResolvedDomains) String() string

String returns a string representation of all domains joined to a single string.

type Resolver

type Resolver struct {
	// Server config url (and ID)
	// Supported parameters:
	// - `verify=domain`: verify domain (dot only)
	// - `name=name`: human readable name for resolver
	// - `blockedif=empty`: how to detect if the dns service blocked something
	//	- `empty`: NXDomain result, but without any other record in any section
	//  - `refused`: Request was refused
	//	- `zeroip`: Answer only contains zeroip
	ConfigURL string

	// Info holds the parsed configuration.
	Info *ResolverInfo

	// ServerAddress holds the resolver address for easier use.
	ServerAddress string

	// UpstreamBlockDetection defines the detection type
	// to identifier upstream DNS query blocking.
	// Valid values are:
	//	 - zeroip
	//	 - empty
	//   - refused (default)
	//	 - disabled
	UpstreamBlockDetection string

	// Special Options
	VerifyDomain string
	Search       []string

	// logic interface
	Conn ResolverConn `json:"-"`

Resolver holds information about an active resolver.

func GetResolversInScope

func GetResolversInScope(ctx context.Context, q *Query) (selected []*Resolver, tryAll bool)

GetResolversInScope returns all resolvers that are in scope the resolve the given query and options.

func (*Resolver) IsBlockedUpstream

func (resolver *Resolver) IsBlockedUpstream(answer *dns.Msg) bool

IsBlockedUpstream returns true if the request has been blocked upstream.

func (*Resolver) String

func (resolver *Resolver) String() string

String returns the URL representation of the resolver.

type ResolverConn

type ResolverConn interface {
	Query(ctx context.Context, q *Query) (*RRCache, error)
	IsFailing() bool

ResolverConn is an interface to implement different types of query backends.

type ResolverInfo

type ResolverInfo struct {
	// Name describes the name given to the resolver. The name is configured in the config URL using the name parameter.
	Name string

	// Type describes the type of the resolver.
	// Possible values include dns, tcp, dot, doh, mdns, env.
	Type string

	// Source describes where the resolver configuration came from.
	// Possible values include config, system, mdns, env.
	Source string

	// IP is the IP address of the resolver
	IP net.IP

	// IPScope is the network scope of the IP address.
	IPScope netutils.IPScope

	// Port is the udp/tcp port of the resolver.
	Port uint16
	// contains filtered or unexported fields

ResolverInfo is a subset of resolver attributes that is attached to answers from that server in order to use it later for decision making. It must not be changed by anyone after creation and initialization is complete.

func (*ResolverInfo) Copy

func (info *ResolverInfo) Copy() *ResolverInfo

Copy returns a full copy of the ResolverInfo.

func (*ResolverInfo) DescriptiveName

func (info *ResolverInfo) DescriptiveName() string

DescriptiveName returns a human readable, but also detailed representation of the resolver.

func (*ResolverInfo) ID

func (info *ResolverInfo) ID() string

ID returns the unique ID of the resolver.

type Scope

type Scope struct {
	Domain    string
	Resolvers []*Resolver

Scope defines a domain scope and which resolvers can resolve it.

type TCPResolver

type TCPResolver struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields

TCPResolver is a resolver using just a single tcp connection with pipelining.

func NewTCPResolver

func NewTCPResolver(resolver *Resolver) *TCPResolver

NewTCPResolver returns a new TPCResolver.

func (*TCPResolver) Query

func (tr *TCPResolver) Query(ctx context.Context, q *Query) (*RRCache, error)

Query executes the given query against the resolver.

func (*TCPResolver) UseTLS

func (tr *TCPResolver) UseTLS() *TCPResolver

UseTLS enabled TLS for the TCPResolver. TLS settings must be correctly configured in the Resolver.