p2

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Published: Jan 14, 2020 License: Apache-2.0

README

P2: Tools for Scalable Software Deployment

Build Status

This is a collection of tools intended to allow huge fleets of machines to participate in safe, flexible and scalable deployment models. It was designed for Square but is a general-purpose framework that should look suspiciously like Kubernetes to anyone paying close attention.

Docker Optional

Using Docker isn't an overnight choice, especially for a company with a long history of deploying things that aren't Docker. P2 supports our internal artifact specification ("Hoist artifacts") which are .tar.gz files with a defined layout.

Almost any .tar.gz can be a Hoist artifact, as long as it has a bin/launch script or directory of scripts to exec under process management (we use Runit).

Hoist artifacts are totally self-contained and are expected to have all dependencies statically linked internally with very few exceptions.

P2 executes artifacts in resource constrained cgroups as different users with different home directories to create extremely lightweight isolation.

Pods, Labels and Replication Controllers

Kubernetes provides some excellent tools for grouping and managing sets of applications. We copied them! We didn't want to wait to have our entire Docker ecosystem established (new build system, new kernel, etc) to start using these great higher-order orchestration primitives.

We currently have production-quality support for pod manifests, replication controllers and rolling updates, analagous to Kubernetes pods, replication controllers and deployments, respectively. We are also actively working on pod clusters, our variation on Kubernetes services.

More stuff!

We had to solve a number of problems that Square has today. That led us to the following concepts built-in from the beginning:

  • Arbitrary configuration files written into the pod manifest, exported and mounted at CONFIG_PATH for applications.
  • Application lifecycle management and health. During the shutdown of an instance, we first run bin/disable. When starting up an instance, we run bin/enable, and then monitor the application via a call to GET /_status. A 200 response code means ready and healthy.
  • Rich plugin architecture for secret company stuff. For example, our integration with Keywhiz is implemented in an after_install hook. The hooks package in this repo provides a handy Go library for writing hooks that can be scheduled.
  • Self-hosting! We wanted to deploy P2 with P2, so we did that. The binary p2-bootstrap allows you to set up a Consul agent and a P2 preparer on the same host. If done right, that host should allow any future deploys to Just Work, including to both the Consul agent and the preparer themselves!
  • Deployment Authorization. From the beginning we needed a way to restrict who can start which applications. The preparer can be given an ACL that can be enforced by GPG signatures on pod manifests, signed by the deployer. Or if you hate GPG, you can use delegated signing with a trusted orchestration service.

Playing Around

To build the tools in p2, run rake build. The bin subdirectory contains agents and executables, the pkg directory contains useful libraries for Go. We strongly believe in small things that do one thing well.

Layout

  • bin/ contains executables that, together, manage deployment. The bootstrap executable can be used to set up new nodes.
  • pkg/ contains standalone libraries that provide supporting functionality of the executables. These libraries are all useful in isolation.

Integration Test

Running rake integration will attempt to launch a Vagrant Centos7 machine on your computer, launch Consul and our preparer and then launch an application. If you see a success message, you can vagrant up the halted box to check out the setup without needing to do any work yourself.

Ensure that Vagrant and VirtualBox are installed if rake integration does not work.

Dependencies

P2 is based on existing deployment tools at Square. The following list reflects all the system dependencies required by every P2 library, although many libraries require only one of these or are dependency-free.

Many P2 binaries expect to be able to invoke the p2-exec binary, ideally by knowing its full path. The location can be set at compile-time by modifying the github.com/square/p2/pkg/p2exec.DefaultP2Exec variable. The -X flag to go install -ldflags can be used to perform this assignment.

If the preparer config option process_result_reporter_config is set, the preparer will crash unless the configured extractor exists. We provide one possible implementation at p2-finish-env-extractor.

Desirable Features

Adding Docker support is a big next step, but will ultimately help us migrate to using Docker (or equally excellent RunC implementation) at Square.

P2 also lacks a native job admission / scheduling system, so all pod scheduling is currently done manually by client using either a label selector or simply a hostname. Solutions to this are to be determined.

License

Apache 2.0

Directories

Path Synopsis
bin
p2-finish-env-extractor
This package provides a binary that extracts data from commandline arguments as well as process environment and writes exit information about a recently-exited runit pod to a sqlite database for processing by the preparer.
This package provides a binary that extracts data from commandline arguments as well as process environment and writes exit information about a recently-exited runit pod to a sqlite database for processing by the preparer.
p2-norm
p2-norm is a CLI tool for printing a normalized pod manifest.
p2-norm is a CLI tool for printing a normalized pod manifest.
p2-rctl-server
p2-rctl-server contains the server code for running Farms for resource controllers and rolling updates.
p2-rctl-server contains the server code for running Farms for resource controllers and rolling updates.
p2-rm
p2-rm is a command line tool for removing a pods and its labels.
p2-rm is a command line tool for removing a pods and its labels.
p2-sum
p2-sum is a CLI tool for printing the canonical hash of a P2 pod manifest.
p2-sum is a CLI tool for printing the canonical hash of a P2 pod manifest.
integration
pkg
artifact
Package artifact provides utilities to configure a system to use a Platypus artifact.
Package artifact provides utilities to configure a system to use a Platypus artifact.
cli
package cli provides functionality that may be useful in multiple CLIs
package cli provides functionality that may be useful in multiple CLIs
config
Package config provides convenience facilities for Golang-based pods to read their configuration files provided either by the environment or a custom path.
Package config provides convenience facilities for Golang-based pods to read their configuration files provided either by the environment or a custom path.
docker
package docker implements a docker launchable type
package docker implements a docker launchable type
ds
grpc/auditlogstore/protos
Package auditlogstore is a generated protocol buffer package.
Package auditlogstore is a generated protocol buffer package.
grpc/daemonsetstore/protos
Package daemonsetstore is a generated protocol buffer package.
Package daemonsetstore is a generated protocol buffer package.
grpc/labelstore/client
package client implements the normal labels.Applicator functions but maps them onto a grpc server call
package client implements the normal labels.Applicator functions but maps them onto a grpc server call
grpc/labelstore/protos
Package label_store_protos is a generated protocol buffer package.
Package label_store_protos is a generated protocol buffer package.
grpc/podstore/protos
Package podstore is a generated protocol buffer package.
Package podstore is a generated protocol buffer package.
grpc/scheduler/protos
Package scheduler_protos is a generated protocol buffer package.
Package scheduler_protos is a generated protocol buffer package.
logbridge
This package implements a log bridge.
This package implements a log bridge.
logging
The logging package is a wrapper around github.com/sirupsen/logrus that provides some convenience methods and improved error reporting.
The logging package is a wrapper around github.com/sirupsen/logrus that provides some convenience methods and improved error reporting.
manifest
Package pods borrows heavily from the Kubernetes definition of pods to provide p2 with a convenient way to colocate several related launchable artifacts, as well as basic shared runtime configuration.
Package pods borrows heavily from the Kubernetes definition of pods to provide p2 with a convenient way to colocate several related launchable artifacts, as well as basic shared runtime configuration.
opencontainer
The "opencontainer" package implements support for launching services packaged in an OpenContainer image.
The "opencontainer" package implements support for launching services packaged in an OpenContainer image.
pc/control
Package control wraps a pcstore with convenience functions suitable for operational tasks.
Package control wraps a pcstore with convenience functions suitable for operational tasks.
preparer/podprocess
This package provides a Reporter which scans a sqlite database for process exit information, writing it to the consul datastore.
This package provides a Reporter which scans a sqlite database for process exit information, writing it to the consul datastore.
rc
runit
Package runit provides a programmatic way to interact with runit and servicebuilder (https://github.com/square/prodeng/blob/master/servicebuilder/README.md).
Package runit provides a programmatic way to interact with runit and servicebuilder (https://github.com/square/prodeng/blob/master/servicebuilder/README.md).
schedule
This package contains code used by p2-schedule that is useful to import elsewhere, e.g.
This package contains code used by p2-schedule that is useful to import elsewhere, e.g.
store
Package store is a work-in-progress package that gives access to data storage for P2 objects.
Package store is a work-in-progress package that gives access to data storage for P2 objects.
store/consul
package consul provides a generalized API for reading and writing pod manifests in consul.
package consul provides a generalized API for reading and writing pod manifests in consul.
store/consul/consulutil
package consulutil contains common routines for setting up a live Consul server for use in unit tests.
package consulutil contains common routines for setting up a live Consul server for use in unit tests.
store/consul/flags
Package flags provides frequently used kingpin flags for command-line tools that connect to Consul.
Package flags provides frequently used kingpin flags for command-line tools that connect to Consul.
store/consul/podstore
TODO: update this comment as things change.
TODO: update this comment as things change.
store/consul/transaction
Package transaction provides an interface for crafting transactional updates to consul.
Package transaction provides an interface for crafting transactional updates to consul.
types
Package for declaring types that will be used by various other packages.
Package for declaring types that will be used by various other packages.
uri
util/param
The param package is a management system for configuration parameters.
The param package is a management system for configuration parameters.
util/size
Package size provides a converter between a string representation of a size and a number of bytes, and reverse.
Package size provides a converter between a string representation of a size and a number of bytes, and reverse.

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