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github.com/valyala/fasthttp

Package fasthttp

v1.16.0
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The latest major version is .

Published: Aug 16, 2020 | License: MIT | Module: github.com/valyala/fasthttp

Overview

Package fasthttp provides fast HTTP server and client API.

Fasthttp provides the following features:

* Optimized for speed. Easily handles more than 100K qps and more than 1M
  concurrent keep-alive connections on modern hardware.
* Optimized for low memory usage.
* Easy 'Connection: Upgrade' support via RequestCtx.Hijack.
* Server provides the following anti-DoS limits:

    * The number of concurrent connections.
    * The number of concurrent connections per client IP.
    * The number of requests per connection.
    * Request read timeout.
    * Response write timeout.
    * Maximum request header size.
    * Maximum request body size.
    * Maximum request execution time.
    * Maximum keep-alive connection lifetime.
    * Early filtering out non-GET requests.

* A lot of additional useful info is exposed to request handler:

    * Server and client address.
    * Per-request logger.
    * Unique request id.
    * Request start time.
    * Connection start time.
    * Request sequence number for the current connection.

* Client supports automatic retry on idempotent requests' failure.
* Fasthttp API is designed with the ability to extend existing client
  and server implementations or to write custom client and server
  implementations from scratch.

Index

Examples

Constants

const (
	CompressBrotliNoCompression   = 0
	CompressBrotliBestSpeed       = brotli.BestSpeed
	CompressBrotliBestCompression = brotli.BestCompression

	// Choose a default brotli compression level comparable to
	// CompressDefaultCompression (gzip 6)
	// See: https://github.com/valyala/fasthttp/issues/798#issuecomment-626293806
	CompressBrotliDefaultCompression = 4
)

Supported compression levels.

const (
	CompressNoCompression      = flate.NoCompression
	CompressBestSpeed          = flate.BestSpeed
	CompressBestCompression    = flate.BestCompression
	CompressDefaultCompression = 6  // flate.DefaultCompression
	CompressHuffmanOnly        = -2 // flate.HuffmanOnly
)

Supported compression levels.

const (
	// Authentication
	HeaderAuthorization      = "Authorization"
	HeaderProxyAuthenticate  = "Proxy-Authenticate"
	HeaderProxyAuthorization = "Proxy-Authorization"
	HeaderWWWAuthenticate    = "WWW-Authenticate"

	// Caching
	HeaderAge           = "Age"
	HeaderCacheControl  = "Cache-Control"
	HeaderClearSiteData = "Clear-Site-Data"
	HeaderExpires       = "Expires"
	HeaderPragma        = "Pragma"
	HeaderWarning       = "Warning"

	// Client hints
	HeaderAcceptCH         = "Accept-CH"
	HeaderAcceptCHLifetime = "Accept-CH-Lifetime"
	HeaderContentDPR       = "Content-DPR"
	HeaderDPR              = "DPR"
	HeaderEarlyData        = "Early-Data"
	HeaderSaveData         = "Save-Data"
	HeaderViewportWidth    = "Viewport-Width"
	HeaderWidth            = "Width"

	// Conditionals
	HeaderETag              = "ETag"
	HeaderIfMatch           = "If-Match"
	HeaderIfModifiedSince   = "If-Modified-Since"
	HeaderIfNoneMatch       = "If-None-Match"
	HeaderIfUnmodifiedSince = "If-Unmodified-Since"
	HeaderLastModified      = "Last-Modified"
	HeaderVary              = "Vary"

	// Connection management
	HeaderConnection = "Connection"
	HeaderKeepAlive  = "Keep-Alive"

	// Content negotiation
	HeaderAccept         = "Accept"
	HeaderAcceptCharset  = "Accept-Charset"
	HeaderAcceptEncoding = "Accept-Encoding"
	HeaderAcceptLanguage = "Accept-Language"

	// Controls
	HeaderCookie      = "Cookie"
	HeaderExpect      = "Expect"
	HeaderMaxForwards = "Max-Forwards"
	HeaderSetCookie   = "Set-Cookie"

	// CORS
	HeaderAccessControlAllowCredentials = "Access-Control-Allow-Credentials"
	HeaderAccessControlAllowHeaders     = "Access-Control-Allow-Headers"
	HeaderAccessControlAllowMethods     = "Access-Control-Allow-Methods"
	HeaderAccessControlAllowOrigin      = "Access-Control-Allow-Origin"
	HeaderAccessControlExposeHeaders    = "Access-Control-Expose-Headers"
	HeaderAccessControlMaxAge           = "Access-Control-Max-Age"
	HeaderAccessControlRequestHeaders   = "Access-Control-Request-Headers"
	HeaderAccessControlRequestMethod    = "Access-Control-Request-Method"
	HeaderOrigin                        = "Origin"
	HeaderTimingAllowOrigin             = "Timing-Allow-Origin"
	HeaderXPermittedCrossDomainPolicies = "X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies"

	// Do Not Track
	HeaderDNT = "DNT"
	HeaderTk  = "Tk"

	// Downloads
	HeaderContentDisposition = "Content-Disposition"

	// Message body information
	HeaderContentEncoding = "Content-Encoding"
	HeaderContentLanguage = "Content-Language"
	HeaderContentLength   = "Content-Length"
	HeaderContentLocation = "Content-Location"
	HeaderContentType     = "Content-Type"

	// Proxies
	HeaderForwarded       = "Forwarded"
	HeaderVia             = "Via"
	HeaderXForwardedFor   = "X-Forwarded-For"
	HeaderXForwardedHost  = "X-Forwarded-Host"
	HeaderXForwardedProto = "X-Forwarded-Proto"

	// Redirects
	HeaderLocation = "Location"

	// Request context
	HeaderFrom           = "From"
	HeaderHost           = "Host"
	HeaderReferer        = "Referer"
	HeaderReferrerPolicy = "Referrer-Policy"
	HeaderUserAgent      = "User-Agent"

	// Response context
	HeaderAllow  = "Allow"
	HeaderServer = "Server"

	// Range requests
	HeaderAcceptRanges = "Accept-Ranges"
	HeaderContentRange = "Content-Range"
	HeaderIfRange      = "If-Range"
	HeaderRange        = "Range"

	// Security
	HeaderContentSecurityPolicy           = "Content-Security-Policy"
	HeaderContentSecurityPolicyReportOnly = "Content-Security-Policy-Report-Only"
	HeaderCrossOriginResourcePolicy       = "Cross-Origin-Resource-Policy"
	HeaderExpectCT                        = "Expect-CT"
	HeaderFeaturePolicy                   = "Feature-Policy"
	HeaderPublicKeyPins                   = "Public-Key-Pins"
	HeaderPublicKeyPinsReportOnly         = "Public-Key-Pins-Report-Only"
	HeaderStrictTransportSecurity         = "Strict-Transport-Security"
	HeaderUpgradeInsecureRequests         = "Upgrade-Insecure-Requests"
	HeaderXContentTypeOptions             = "X-Content-Type-Options"
	HeaderXDownloadOptions                = "X-Download-Options"
	HeaderXFrameOptions                   = "X-Frame-Options"
	HeaderXPoweredBy                      = "X-Powered-By"
	HeaderXXSSProtection                  = "X-XSS-Protection"

	// Server-sent event
	HeaderLastEventID = "Last-Event-ID"
	HeaderNEL         = "NEL"
	HeaderPingFrom    = "Ping-From"
	HeaderPingTo      = "Ping-To"
	HeaderReportTo    = "Report-To"

	// Transfer coding
	HeaderTE               = "TE"
	HeaderTrailer          = "Trailer"
	HeaderTransferEncoding = "Transfer-Encoding"

	// WebSockets
	HeaderSecWebSocketAccept     = "Sec-WebSocket-Accept"
	HeaderSecWebSocketExtensions = "Sec-WebSocket-Extensions"
	HeaderSecWebSocketKey        = "Sec-WebSocket-Key"
	HeaderSecWebSocketProtocol   = "Sec-WebSocket-Protocol"
	HeaderSecWebSocketVersion    = "Sec-WebSocket-Version"

	// Other
	HeaderAcceptPatch         = "Accept-Patch"
	HeaderAcceptPushPolicy    = "Accept-Push-Policy"
	HeaderAcceptSignature     = "Accept-Signature"
	HeaderAltSvc              = "Alt-Svc"
	HeaderDate                = "Date"
	HeaderIndex               = "Index"
	HeaderLargeAllocation     = "Large-Allocation"
	HeaderLink                = "Link"
	HeaderPushPolicy          = "Push-Policy"
	HeaderRetryAfter          = "Retry-After"
	HeaderServerTiming        = "Server-Timing"
	HeaderSignature           = "Signature"
	HeaderSignedHeaders       = "Signed-Headers"
	HeaderSourceMap           = "SourceMap"
	HeaderUpgrade             = "Upgrade"
	HeaderXDNSPrefetchControl = "X-DNS-Prefetch-Control"
	HeaderXPingback           = "X-Pingback"
	HeaderXRequestedWith      = "X-Requested-With"
	HeaderXRobotsTag          = "X-Robots-Tag"
	HeaderXUACompatible       = "X-UA-Compatible"
)

Headers

const (
	MethodGet     = "GET"     // RFC 7231, 4.3.1
	MethodHead    = "HEAD"    // RFC 7231, 4.3.2
	MethodPost    = "POST"    // RFC 7231, 4.3.3
	MethodPut     = "PUT"     // RFC 7231, 4.3.4
	MethodPatch   = "PATCH"   // RFC 5789
	MethodDelete  = "DELETE"  // RFC 7231, 4.3.5
	MethodConnect = "CONNECT" // RFC 7231, 4.3.6
	MethodOptions = "OPTIONS" // RFC 7231, 4.3.7
	MethodTrace   = "TRACE"   // RFC 7231, 4.3.8
)

HTTP methods were copied from net/http.

const (
	StatusContinue           = 100 // RFC 7231, 6.2.1
	StatusSwitchingProtocols = 101 // RFC 7231, 6.2.2
	StatusProcessing         = 102 // RFC 2518, 10.1
	StatusEarlyHints         = 103 // RFC 8297

	StatusOK                   = 200 // RFC 7231, 6.3.1
	StatusCreated              = 201 // RFC 7231, 6.3.2
	StatusAccepted             = 202 // RFC 7231, 6.3.3
	StatusNonAuthoritativeInfo = 203 // RFC 7231, 6.3.4
	StatusNoContent            = 204 // RFC 7231, 6.3.5
	StatusResetContent         = 205 // RFC 7231, 6.3.6
	StatusPartialContent       = 206 // RFC 7233, 4.1
	StatusMultiStatus          = 207 // RFC 4918, 11.1
	StatusAlreadyReported      = 208 // RFC 5842, 7.1
	StatusIMUsed               = 226 // RFC 3229, 10.4.1

	StatusMultipleChoices  = 300 // RFC 7231, 6.4.1
	StatusMovedPermanently = 301 // RFC 7231, 6.4.2
	StatusFound            = 302 // RFC 7231, 6.4.3
	StatusSeeOther         = 303 // RFC 7231, 6.4.4
	StatusNotModified      = 304 // RFC 7232, 4.1
	StatusUseProxy         = 305 // RFC 7231, 6.4.5

	StatusTemporaryRedirect = 307 // RFC 7231, 6.4.7
	StatusPermanentRedirect = 308 // RFC 7538, 3

	StatusBadRequest                   = 400 // RFC 7231, 6.5.1
	StatusUnauthorized                 = 401 // RFC 7235, 3.1
	StatusPaymentRequired              = 402 // RFC 7231, 6.5.2
	StatusForbidden                    = 403 // RFC 7231, 6.5.3
	StatusNotFound                     = 404 // RFC 7231, 6.5.4
	StatusMethodNotAllowed             = 405 // RFC 7231, 6.5.5
	StatusNotAcceptable                = 406 // RFC 7231, 6.5.6
	StatusProxyAuthRequired            = 407 // RFC 7235, 3.2
	StatusRequestTimeout               = 408 // RFC 7231, 6.5.7
	StatusConflict                     = 409 // RFC 7231, 6.5.8
	StatusGone                         = 410 // RFC 7231, 6.5.9
	StatusLengthRequired               = 411 // RFC 7231, 6.5.10
	StatusPreconditionFailed           = 412 // RFC 7232, 4.2
	StatusRequestEntityTooLarge        = 413 // RFC 7231, 6.5.11
	StatusRequestURITooLong            = 414 // RFC 7231, 6.5.12
	StatusUnsupportedMediaType         = 415 // RFC 7231, 6.5.13
	StatusRequestedRangeNotSatisfiable = 416 // RFC 7233, 4.4
	StatusExpectationFailed            = 417 // RFC 7231, 6.5.14
	StatusTeapot                       = 418 // RFC 7168, 2.3.3
	StatusMisdirectedRequest           = 421 // RFC 7540, 9.1.2
	StatusUnprocessableEntity          = 422 // RFC 4918, 11.2
	StatusLocked                       = 423 // RFC 4918, 11.3
	StatusFailedDependency             = 424 // RFC 4918, 11.4
	StatusUpgradeRequired              = 426 // RFC 7231, 6.5.15
	StatusPreconditionRequired         = 428 // RFC 6585, 3
	StatusTooManyRequests              = 429 // RFC 6585, 4
	StatusRequestHeaderFieldsTooLarge  = 431 // RFC 6585, 5
	StatusUnavailableForLegalReasons   = 451 // RFC 7725, 3

	StatusInternalServerError           = 500 // RFC 7231, 6.6.1
	StatusNotImplemented                = 501 // RFC 7231, 6.6.2
	StatusBadGateway                    = 502 // RFC 7231, 6.6.3
	StatusServiceUnavailable            = 503 // RFC 7231, 6.6.4
	StatusGatewayTimeout                = 504 // RFC 7231, 6.6.5
	StatusHTTPVersionNotSupported       = 505 // RFC 7231, 6.6.6
	StatusVariantAlsoNegotiates         = 506 // RFC 2295, 8.1
	StatusInsufficientStorage           = 507 // RFC 4918, 11.5
	StatusLoopDetected                  = 508 // RFC 5842, 7.2
	StatusNotExtended                   = 510 // RFC 2774, 7
	StatusNetworkAuthenticationRequired = 511 // RFC 6585, 6
)

HTTP status codes were stolen from net/http.

const DefaultConcurrency = 256 * 1024

DefaultConcurrency is the maximum number of concurrent connections the Server may serve by default (i.e. if Server.Concurrency isn't set).

const DefaultDNSCacheDuration = time.Minute

DefaultDNSCacheDuration is the duration for caching resolved TCP addresses by Dial* functions.

const DefaultDialTimeout = 3 * time.Second

DefaultDialTimeout is timeout used by Dial and DialDualStack for establishing TCP connections.

const DefaultLBClientTimeout = time.Second

DefaultLBClientTimeout is the default request timeout used by LBClient when calling LBClient.Do.

The timeout may be overridden via LBClient.Timeout.

const DefaultMaxConnsPerHost = 512

DefaultMaxConnsPerHost is the maximum number of concurrent connections http client may establish per host by default (i.e. if Client.MaxConnsPerHost isn't set).

const DefaultMaxIdemponentCallAttempts = 5

DefaultMaxIdemponentCallAttempts is the default idempotent calls attempts count.

const DefaultMaxIdleConnDuration = 10 * time.Second

DefaultMaxIdleConnDuration is the default duration before idle keep-alive connection is closed.

const DefaultMaxPendingRequests = 1024

DefaultMaxPendingRequests is the default value for PipelineClient.MaxPendingRequests.

const DefaultMaxRequestBodySize = 4 * 1024 * 1024

DefaultMaxRequestBodySize is the maximum request body size the server reads by default.

See Server.MaxRequestBodySize for details.

const FSCompressedFileSuffix = ".fasthttp.gz"

FSCompressedFileSuffix is the suffix FS adds to the original file names when trying to store compressed file under the new file name. See FS.Compress for details.

const FSHandlerCacheDuration = 10 * time.Second

FSHandlerCacheDuration is the default expiration duration for inactive file handlers opened by FS.

Variables

var (
	// ErrMissingLocation is returned by clients when the Location header is missing on
	// an HTTP response with a redirect status code.
	ErrMissingLocation = errors.New("missing Location header for http redirect")
	// ErrTooManyRedirects is returned by clients when the number of redirects followed
	// exceed the max count.
	ErrTooManyRedirects = errors.New("too many redirects detected when doing the request")

	// HostClients are only able to follow redirects to the same protocol.
	ErrHostClientRedirectToDifferentScheme = errors.New("HostClient can't follow redirects to a different protocol, please use Client instead")
)
var (
	// ErrNoFreeConns is returned when no free connections available
	// to the given host.
	//
	// Increase the allowed number of connections per host if you
	// see this error.
	ErrNoFreeConns = errors.New("no free connections available to host")

	// ErrConnectionClosed may be returned from client methods if the server
	// closes connection before returning the first response byte.
	//
	// If you see this error, then either fix the server by returning
	// 'Connection: close' response header before closing the connection
	// or add 'Connection: close' request header before sending requests
	// to broken server.
	ErrConnectionClosed = errors.New("the server closed connection before returning the first response byte. " +
		"Make sure the server returns 'Connection: close' response header before closing the connection")
)
var (
	// CookieExpireDelete may be set on Cookie.Expire for expiring the given cookie.
	CookieExpireDelete = time.Date(2009, time.November, 10, 23, 0, 0, 0, time.UTC)

	// CookieExpireUnlimited indicates that the cookie doesn't expire.
	CookieExpireUnlimited = zeroTime
)
var (
	// ErrPerIPConnLimit may be returned from ServeConn if the number of connections
	// per ip exceeds Server.MaxConnsPerIP.
	ErrPerIPConnLimit = errors.New("too many connections per ip")

	// ErrConcurrencyLimit may be returned from ServeConn if the number
	// of concurrently served connections exceeds Server.Concurrency.
	ErrConcurrencyLimit = errors.New("cannot serve the connection because Server.Concurrency concurrent connections are served")
)
var (
	// ErrAlreadyServing is returned when calling Serve on a Server
	// that is already serving connections.
	ErrAlreadyServing = errors.New("Server is already serving connections")
)
var ErrBodyTooLarge = errors.New("body size exceeds the given limit")

ErrBodyTooLarge is returned if either request or response body exceeds the given limit.

var ErrDialTimeout = errors.New("dialing to the given TCP address timed out")

ErrDialTimeout is returned when TCP dialing is timed out.

var ErrGetOnly = errors.New("non-GET request received")

ErrGetOnly is returned when server expects only GET requests, but some other type of request came (Server.GetOnly option is true).

var ErrMissingFile = errors.New("there is no uploaded file associated with the given key")

ErrMissingFile may be returned from FormFile when the is no uploaded file associated with the given multipart form key.

var ErrNoArgValue = errors.New("no Args value for the given key")

ErrNoArgValue is returned when Args value with the given key is missing.

var ErrNoMultipartForm = errors.New("request has no multipart/form-data Content-Type")

ErrNoMultipartForm means that the request's Content-Type isn't 'multipart/form-data'.

var ErrPipelineOverflow = errors.New("pipelined requests' queue has been overflown. Increase MaxConns and/or MaxPendingRequests")

ErrPipelineOverflow may be returned from PipelineClient.Do* if the requests' queue is overflown.

var ErrTLSHandshakeTimeout = errors.New("tls handshake timed out")

ErrTLSHandshakeTimeout indicates there is a timeout from tls handshake.

var (
	// ErrTimeout is returned from timed out calls.
	ErrTimeout = &timeoutError{}
)
var (
	ErrorInvalidURI = errors.New("invalid uri")
)

func AcquireTimer

func AcquireTimer(timeout time.Duration) *time.Timer

AcquireTimer returns a time.Timer from the pool and updates it to send the current time on its channel after at least timeout.

The returned Timer may be returned to the pool with ReleaseTimer when no longer needed. This allows reducing GC load.

func AppendBrotliBytes

func AppendBrotliBytes(dst, src []byte) []byte

AppendBrotliBytes appends brotlied src to dst and returns the resulting dst.

func AppendBrotliBytesLevel

func AppendBrotliBytesLevel(dst, src []byte, level int) []byte

AppendBrotliBytesLevel appends brotlied src to dst using the given compression level and returns the resulting dst.

Supported compression levels are:

* CompressBrotliNoCompression
* CompressBrotliBestSpeed
* CompressBrotliBestCompression
* CompressBrotliDefaultCompression

func AppendDeflateBytes

func AppendDeflateBytes(dst, src []byte) []byte

AppendDeflateBytes appends deflated src to dst and returns the resulting dst.

func AppendDeflateBytesLevel

func AppendDeflateBytesLevel(dst, src []byte, level int) []byte

AppendDeflateBytesLevel appends deflated src to dst using the given compression level and returns the resulting dst.

Supported compression levels are:

* CompressNoCompression
* CompressBestSpeed
* CompressBestCompression
* CompressDefaultCompression
* CompressHuffmanOnly

func AppendGunzipBytes

func AppendGunzipBytes(dst, src []byte) ([]byte, error)

AppendGunzipBytes appends gunzipped src to dst and returns the resulting dst.

func AppendGzipBytes

func AppendGzipBytes(dst, src []byte) []byte

AppendGzipBytes appends gzipped src to dst and returns the resulting dst.

func AppendGzipBytesLevel

func AppendGzipBytesLevel(dst, src []byte, level int) []byte

AppendGzipBytesLevel appends gzipped src to dst using the given compression level and returns the resulting dst.

Supported compression levels are:

* CompressNoCompression
* CompressBestSpeed
* CompressBestCompression
* CompressDefaultCompression
* CompressHuffmanOnly

func AppendHTMLEscape

func AppendHTMLEscape(dst []byte, s string) []byte

AppendHTMLEscape appends html-escaped s to dst and returns the extended dst.

func AppendHTMLEscapeBytes

func AppendHTMLEscapeBytes(dst, s []byte) []byte

AppendHTMLEscapeBytes appends html-escaped s to dst and returns the extended dst.

func AppendHTTPDate

func AppendHTTPDate(dst []byte, date time.Time) []byte

AppendHTTPDate appends HTTP-compliant (RFC1123) representation of date to dst and returns the extended dst.

func AppendIPv4

func AppendIPv4(dst []byte, ip net.IP) []byte

AppendIPv4 appends string representation of the given ip v4 to dst and returns the extended dst.

func AppendInflateBytes

func AppendInflateBytes(dst, src []byte) ([]byte, error)

AppendInflateBytes appends inflated src to dst and returns the resulting dst.

func AppendNormalizedHeaderKey

func AppendNormalizedHeaderKey(dst []byte, key string) []byte

AppendNormalizedHeaderKey appends normalized header key (name) to dst and returns the resulting dst.

Normalized header key starts with uppercase letter. The first letters after dashes are also uppercased. All the other letters are lowercased. Examples:

* coNTENT-TYPe -> Content-Type
* HOST -> Host
* foo-bar-baz -> Foo-Bar-Baz

func AppendNormalizedHeaderKeyBytes

func AppendNormalizedHeaderKeyBytes(dst, key []byte) []byte

AppendNormalizedHeaderKeyBytes appends normalized header key (name) to dst and returns the resulting dst.

Normalized header key starts with uppercase letter. The first letters after dashes are also uppercased. All the other letters are lowercased. Examples:

* coNTENT-TYPe -> Content-Type
* HOST -> Host
* foo-bar-baz -> Foo-Bar-Baz

func AppendQuotedArg

func AppendQuotedArg(dst, src []byte) []byte

AppendQuotedArg appends url-encoded src to dst and returns appended dst.

func AppendUint

func AppendUint(dst []byte, n int) []byte

AppendUint appends n to dst and returns the extended dst.

func AppendUnbrotliBytes

func AppendUnbrotliBytes(dst, src []byte) ([]byte, error)

AppendUnbrotliBytes appends unbrotlied src to dst and returns the resulting dst.

func AppendUnquotedArg

func AppendUnquotedArg(dst, src []byte) []byte

AppendUnquotedArg appends url-decoded src to dst and returns appended dst.

dst may point to src. In this case src will be overwritten.

func CoarseTimeNow

func CoarseTimeNow() time.Time

CoarseTimeNow returns the current time truncated to the nearest second.

Deprecated: This is slower than calling time.Now() directly. This is now time.Now().Truncate(time.Second) shortcut.

func Dial

func Dial(addr string) (net.Conn, error)

Dial dials the given TCP addr using tcp4.

This function has the following additional features comparing to net.Dial:

* It reduces load on DNS resolver by caching resolved TCP addressed
  for DefaultDNSCacheDuration.
* It dials all the resolved TCP addresses in round-robin manner until
  connection is established. This may be useful if certain addresses
  are temporarily unreachable.
* It returns ErrDialTimeout if connection cannot be established during
  DefaultDialTimeout seconds. Use DialTimeout for customizing dial timeout.

This dialer is intended for custom code wrapping before passing to Client.Dial or HostClient.Dial.

For instance, per-host counters and/or limits may be implemented by such wrappers.

The addr passed to the function must contain port. Example addr values:

* foobar.baz:443
* foo.bar:80
* aaa.com:8080

func DialDualStack

func DialDualStack(addr string) (net.Conn, error)

DialDualStack dials the given TCP addr using both tcp4 and tcp6.

This function has the following additional features comparing to net.Dial:

* It reduces load on DNS resolver by caching resolved TCP addressed
  for DefaultDNSCacheDuration.
* It dials all the resolved TCP addresses in round-robin manner until
  connection is established. This may be useful if certain addresses
  are temporarily unreachable.
* It returns ErrDialTimeout if connection cannot be established during
  DefaultDialTimeout seconds. Use DialDualStackTimeout for custom dial
  timeout.

This dialer is intended for custom code wrapping before passing to Client.Dial or HostClient.Dial.

For instance, per-host counters and/or limits may be implemented by such wrappers.

The addr passed to the function must contain port. Example addr values:

* foobar.baz:443
* foo.bar:80
* aaa.com:8080

func DialDualStackTimeout

func DialDualStackTimeout(addr string, timeout time.Duration) (net.Conn, error)

DialDualStackTimeout dials the given TCP addr using both tcp4 and tcp6 using the given timeout.

This function has the following additional features comparing to net.Dial:

* It reduces load on DNS resolver by caching resolved TCP addressed
  for DefaultDNSCacheDuration.
* It dials all the resolved TCP addresses in round-robin manner until
  connection is established. This may be useful if certain addresses
  are temporarily unreachable.

This dialer is intended for custom code wrapping before passing to Client.Dial or HostClient.Dial.

For instance, per-host counters and/or limits may be implemented by such wrappers.

The addr passed to the function must contain port. Example addr values:

* foobar.baz:443
* foo.bar:80
* aaa.com:8080

func DialTimeout

func DialTimeout(addr string, timeout time.Duration) (net.Conn, error)

DialTimeout dials the given TCP addr using tcp4 using the given timeout.

This function has the following additional features comparing to net.Dial:

* It reduces load on DNS resolver by caching resolved TCP addressed
  for DefaultDNSCacheDuration.
* It dials all the resolved TCP addresses in round-robin manner until
  connection is established. This may be useful if certain addresses
  are temporarily unreachable.

This dialer is intended for custom code wrapping before passing to Client.Dial or HostClient.Dial.

For instance, per-host counters and/or limits may be implemented by such wrappers.

The addr passed to the function must contain port. Example addr values:

* foobar.baz:443
* foo.bar:80
* aaa.com:8080

func Do

func Do(req *Request, resp *Response) error

Do performs the given http request and fills the given http response.

Request must contain at least non-zero RequestURI with full url (including scheme and host) or non-zero Host header + RequestURI.

Client determines the server to be requested in the following order:

- from RequestURI if it contains full url with scheme and host;
- from Host header otherwise.

The function doesn't follow redirects. Use Get* for following redirects.

Response is ignored if resp is nil.

ErrNoFreeConns is returned if all DefaultMaxConnsPerHost connections to the requested host are busy.

It is recommended obtaining req and resp via AcquireRequest and AcquireResponse in performance-critical code.

func DoDeadline

func DoDeadline(req *Request, resp *Response, deadline time.Time) error

DoDeadline performs the given request and waits for response until the given deadline.

Request must contain at least non-zero RequestURI with full url (including scheme and host) or non-zero Host header + RequestURI.

Client determines the server to be requested in the following order:

- from RequestURI if it contains full url with scheme and host;
- from Host header otherwise.

The function doesn't follow redirects. Use Get* for following redirects.

Response is ignored if resp is nil.

ErrTimeout is returned if the response wasn't returned until the given deadline.

ErrNoFreeConns is returned if all DefaultMaxConnsPerHost connections to the requested host are busy.

It is recommended obtaining req and resp via AcquireRequest and AcquireResponse in performance-critical code.

func DoRedirects

func DoRedirects(req *Request, resp *Response, maxRedirectsCount int) error

DoRedirects performs the given http request and fills the given http response, following up to maxRedirectsCount redirects. When the redirect count exceeds maxRedirectsCount, ErrTooManyRedirects is returned.

Request must contain at least non-zero RequestURI with full url (including scheme and host) or non-zero Host header + RequestURI.

Client determines the server to be requested in the following order:

- from RequestURI if it contains full url with scheme and host;
- from Host header otherwise.

Response is ignored if resp is nil.

ErrNoFreeConns is returned if all DefaultMaxConnsPerHost connections to the requested host are busy.

It is recommended obtaining req and resp via AcquireRequest and AcquireResponse in performance-critical code.

func DoTimeout

func DoTimeout(req *Request, resp *Response, timeout time.Duration) error

DoTimeout performs the given request and waits for response during the given timeout duration.

Request must contain at least non-zero RequestURI with full url (including scheme and host) or non-zero Host header + RequestURI.

Client determines the server to be requested in the following order:

- from RequestURI if it contains full url with scheme and host;
- from Host header otherwise.

The function doesn't follow redirects. Use Get* for following redirects.

Response is ignored if resp is nil.

ErrTimeout is returned if the response wasn't returned during the given timeout.

ErrNoFreeConns is returned if all DefaultMaxConnsPerHost connections to the requested host are busy.

It is recommended obtaining req and resp via AcquireRequest and AcquireResponse in performance-critical code.

Warning: DoTimeout does not terminate the request itself. The request will continue in the background and the response will be discarded. If requests take too long and the connection pool gets filled up please try using a Client and setting a ReadTimeout.

func FileLastModified

func FileLastModified(path string) (time.Time, error)

FileLastModified returns last modified time for the file.

func Get

func Get(dst []byte, url string) (statusCode int, body []byte, err error)

Get returns the status code and body of url.

The contents of dst will be replaced by the body and returned, if the dst is too small a new slice will be allocated.

The function follows redirects. Use Do* for manually handling redirects.

func GetDeadline

func GetDeadline(dst []byte, url string, deadline time.Time) (statusCode int, body []byte, err error)

GetDeadline returns the status code and body of url.

The contents of dst will be replaced by the body and returned, if the dst is too small a new slice will be allocated.

The function follows redirects. Use Do* for manually handling redirects.

ErrTimeout error is returned if url contents couldn't be fetched until the given deadline.

func GetTimeout

func GetTimeout(dst []byte, url string, timeout time.Duration) (statusCode int, body []byte, err error)

GetTimeout returns the status code and body of url.

The contents of dst will be replaced by the body and returned, if the dst is too small a new slice will be allocated.

The function follows redirects. Use Do* for manually handling redirects.

ErrTimeout error is returned if url contents couldn't be fetched during the given timeout.

func ListenAndServe

func ListenAndServe(addr string, handler RequestHandler) error

ListenAndServe serves HTTP requests from the given TCP addr using the given handler.

Example

Code:

package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"github.com/valyala/fasthttp"
	"log"
)

func main() {
	// The server will listen for incoming requests on this address.
	listenAddr := "127.0.0.1:80"

	// This function will be called by the server for each incoming request.
	//
	// RequestCtx provides a lot of functionality related to http request
	// processing. See RequestCtx docs for details.
	requestHandler := func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx) {
		fmt.Fprintf(ctx, "Hello, world! Requested path is %q", ctx.Path())
	}

	// Start the server with default settings.
	// Create Server instance for adjusting server settings.
	//
	// ListenAndServe returns only on error, so usually it blocks forever.
	if err := fasthttp.ListenAndServe(listenAddr, requestHandler); err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("error in ListenAndServe: %s", err)
	}
}

func ListenAndServeTLS

func ListenAndServeTLS(addr, certFile, keyFile string, handler RequestHandler) error

ListenAndServeTLS serves HTTPS requests from the given TCP addr using the given handler.

certFile and keyFile are paths to TLS certificate and key files.

func ListenAndServeTLSEmbed

func ListenAndServeTLSEmbed(addr string, certData, keyData []byte, handler RequestHandler) error

ListenAndServeTLSEmbed serves HTTPS requests from the given TCP addr using the given handler.

certData and keyData must contain valid TLS certificate and key data.

func ListenAndServeUNIX

func ListenAndServeUNIX(addr string, mode os.FileMode, handler RequestHandler) error

ListenAndServeUNIX serves HTTP requests from the given UNIX addr using the given handler.

The function deletes existing file at addr before starting serving.

The server sets the given file mode for the UNIX addr.

func NewStreamReader

func NewStreamReader(sw StreamWriter) io.ReadCloser

NewStreamReader returns a reader, which replays all the data generated by sw.

The returned reader may be passed to Response.SetBodyStream.

Close must be called on the returned reader after all the required data has been read. Otherwise goroutine leak may occur.

See also Response.SetBodyStreamWriter.

func ParseByteRange

func ParseByteRange(byteRange []byte, contentLength int) (startPos, endPos int, err error)

ParseByteRange parses 'Range: bytes=...' header value.

It follows https://www.w3.org/Protocols/rfc2616/rfc2616-sec14.html#sec14.35 .

func ParseHTTPDate

func ParseHTTPDate(date []byte) (time.Time, error)

ParseHTTPDate parses HTTP-compliant (RFC1123) date.

func ParseIPv4

func ParseIPv4(dst net.IP, ipStr []byte) (net.IP, error)

ParseIPv4 parses ip address from ipStr into dst and returns the extended dst.

func ParseUfloat

func ParseUfloat(buf []byte) (float64, error)

ParseUfloat parses unsigned float from buf.

func ParseUint

func ParseUint(buf []byte) (int, error)

ParseUint parses uint from buf.

func Post

func Post(dst []byte, url string, postArgs *Args) (statusCode int, body []byte, err error)

Post sends POST request to the given url with the given POST arguments.

The contents of dst will be replaced by the body and returned, if the dst is too small a new slice will be allocated.

The function follows redirects. Use Do* for manually handling redirects.

Empty POST body is sent if postArgs is nil.

func ReleaseArgs

func ReleaseArgs(a *Args)

ReleaseArgs returns the object acquired via AcquireArgs to the pool.

Do not access the released Args object, otherwise data races may occur.

func ReleaseCookie

func ReleaseCookie(c *Cookie)

ReleaseCookie returns the Cookie object acquired with AcquireCookie back to the pool.

Do not access released Cookie object, otherwise data races may occur.

func ReleaseRequest

func ReleaseRequest(req *Request)

ReleaseRequest returns req acquired via AcquireRequest to request pool.

It is forbidden accessing req and/or its' members after returning it to request pool.

func ReleaseResponse

func ReleaseResponse(resp *Response)

ReleaseResponse return resp acquired via AcquireResponse to response pool.

It is forbidden accessing resp and/or its' members after returning it to response pool.

func ReleaseTimer

func ReleaseTimer(t *time.Timer)

ReleaseTimer returns the time.Timer acquired via AcquireTimer to the pool and prevents the Timer from firing.

Do not access the released time.Timer or read from it's channel otherwise data races may occur.

func ReleaseURI

func ReleaseURI(u *URI)

ReleaseURI releases the URI acquired via AcquireURI.

The released URI mustn't be used after releasing it, otherwise data races may occur.

func SaveMultipartFile

func SaveMultipartFile(fh *multipart.FileHeader, path string) (err error)

SaveMultipartFile saves multipart file fh under the given filename path.

func Serve

func Serve(ln net.Listener, handler RequestHandler) error

Serve serves incoming connections from the given listener using the given handler.

Serve blocks until the given listener returns permanent error.

Example

Code:

package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"github.com/valyala/fasthttp"
	"log"
	"net"
)

func main() {
	// Create network listener for accepting incoming requests.
	//
	// Note that you are not limited by TCP listener - arbitrary
	// net.Listener may be used by the server.
	// For example, unix socket listener or TLS listener.
	ln, err := net.Listen("tcp4", "127.0.0.1:8080")
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("error in net.Listen: %s", err)
	}

	// This function will be called by the server for each incoming request.
	//
	// RequestCtx provides a lot of functionality related to http request
	// processing. See RequestCtx docs for details.
	requestHandler := func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx) {
		fmt.Fprintf(ctx, "Hello, world! Requested path is %q", ctx.Path())
	}

	// Start the server with default settings.
	// Create Server instance for adjusting server settings.
	//
	// Serve returns on ln.Close() or error, so usually it blocks forever.
	if err := fasthttp.Serve(ln, requestHandler); err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("error in Serve: %s", err)
	}
}

func ServeConn

func ServeConn(c net.Conn, handler RequestHandler) error

ServeConn serves HTTP requests from the given connection using the given handler.

ServeConn returns nil if all requests from the c are successfully served. It returns non-nil error otherwise.

Connection c must immediately propagate all the data passed to Write() to the client. Otherwise requests' processing may hang.

ServeConn closes c before returning.

func ServeFile

func ServeFile(ctx *RequestCtx, path string)

ServeFile returns HTTP response containing compressed file contents from the given path.

HTTP response may contain uncompressed file contents in the following cases:

* Missing 'Accept-Encoding: gzip' request header.
* No write access to directory containing the file.

Directory contents is returned if path points to directory.

Use ServeFileUncompressed is you don't need serving compressed file contents.

See also RequestCtx.SendFile.

func ServeFileBytes

func ServeFileBytes(ctx *RequestCtx, path []byte)

ServeFileBytes returns HTTP response containing compressed file contents from the given path.

HTTP response may contain uncompressed file contents in the following cases:

* Missing 'Accept-Encoding: gzip' request header.
* No write access to directory containing the file.

Directory contents is returned if path points to directory.

Use ServeFileBytesUncompressed is you don't need serving compressed file contents.

See also RequestCtx.SendFileBytes.

func ServeFileBytesUncompressed

func ServeFileBytesUncompressed(ctx *RequestCtx, path []byte)

ServeFileBytesUncompressed returns HTTP response containing file contents from the given path.

Directory contents is returned if path points to directory.

ServeFileBytes may be used for saving network traffic when serving files with good compression ratio.

See also RequestCtx.SendFileBytes.

func ServeFileUncompressed

func ServeFileUncompressed(ctx *RequestCtx, path string)

ServeFileUncompressed returns HTTP response containing file contents from the given path.

Directory contents is returned if path points to directory.

ServeFile may be used for saving network traffic when serving files with good compression ratio.

See also RequestCtx.SendFile.

func ServeTLS

func ServeTLS(ln net.Listener, certFile, keyFile string, handler RequestHandler) error

ServeTLS serves HTTPS requests from the given net.Listener using the given handler.

certFile and keyFile are paths to TLS certificate and key files.

func ServeTLSEmbed

func ServeTLSEmbed(ln net.Listener, certData, keyData []byte, handler RequestHandler) error

ServeTLSEmbed serves HTTPS requests from the given net.Listener using the given handler.

certData and keyData must contain valid TLS certificate and key data.

func StatusCodeIsRedirect

func StatusCodeIsRedirect(statusCode int) bool

StatusCodeIsRedirect returns true if the status code indicates a redirect.

func StatusMessage

func StatusMessage(statusCode int) string

StatusMessage returns HTTP status message for the given status code.

func WriteBrotli

func WriteBrotli(w io.Writer, p []byte) (int, error)

WriteBrotli writes brotlied p to w and returns the number of compressed bytes written to w.

func WriteBrotliLevel

func WriteBrotliLevel(w io.Writer, p []byte, level int) (int, error)

WriteBrotliLevel writes brotlied p to w using the given compression level and returns the number of compressed bytes written to w.

Supported compression levels are:

* CompressBrotliNoCompression
* CompressBrotliBestSpeed
* CompressBrotliBestCompression
* CompressBrotliDefaultCompression

func WriteDeflate

func WriteDeflate(w io.Writer, p []byte) (int, error)

WriteDeflate writes deflated p to w and returns the number of compressed bytes written to w.

func WriteDeflateLevel

func WriteDeflateLevel(w io.Writer, p []byte, level int) (int, error)

WriteDeflateLevel writes deflated p to w using the given compression level and returns the number of compressed bytes written to w.

Supported compression levels are:

* CompressNoCompression
* CompressBestSpeed
* CompressBestCompression
* CompressDefaultCompression
* CompressHuffmanOnly

func WriteGunzip

func WriteGunzip(w io.Writer, p []byte) (int, error)

WriteGunzip writes ungzipped p to w and returns the number of uncompressed bytes written to w.

func WriteGzip

func WriteGzip(w io.Writer, p []byte) (int, error)

WriteGzip writes gzipped p to w and returns the number of compressed bytes written to w.

func WriteGzipLevel

func WriteGzipLevel(w io.Writer, p []byte, level int) (int, error)

WriteGzipLevel writes gzipped p to w using the given compression level and returns the number of compressed bytes written to w.

Supported compression levels are:

* CompressNoCompression
* CompressBestSpeed
* CompressBestCompression
* CompressDefaultCompression
* CompressHuffmanOnly

func WriteInflate

func WriteInflate(w io.Writer, p []byte) (int, error)

WriteInflate writes inflated p to w and returns the number of uncompressed bytes written to w.

func WriteMultipartForm

func WriteMultipartForm(w io.Writer, f *multipart.Form, boundary string) error

WriteMultipartForm writes the given multipart form f with the given boundary to w.

func WriteUnbrotli

func WriteUnbrotli(w io.Writer, p []byte) (int, error)

WriteUnbrotli writes unbrotlied p to w and returns the number of uncompressed bytes written to w.

type Args

type Args struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Args represents query arguments.

It is forbidden copying Args instances. Create new instances instead and use CopyTo().

Args instance MUST NOT be used from concurrently running goroutines.

func AcquireArgs

func AcquireArgs() *Args

AcquireArgs returns an empty Args object from the pool.

The returned Args may be returned to the pool with ReleaseArgs when no longer needed. This allows reducing GC load.

func (*Args) Add

func (a *Args) Add(key, value string)

Add adds 'key=value' argument.

Multiple values for the same key may be added.

func (*Args) AddBytesK

func (a *Args) AddBytesK(key []byte, value string)

AddBytesK adds 'key=value' argument.

Multiple values for the same key may be added.

func (*Args) AddBytesKNoValue

func (a *Args) AddBytesKNoValue(key []byte)

AddBytesKNoValue adds only 'key' as argument without the '='.

Multiple values for the same key may be added.

func (*Args) AddBytesKV

func (a *Args) AddBytesKV(key, value []byte)

AddBytesKV adds 'key=value' argument.

Multiple values for the same key may be added.

func (*Args) AddBytesV

func (a *Args) AddBytesV(key string, value []byte)

AddBytesV adds 'key=value' argument.

Multiple values for the same key may be added.

func (*Args) AddNoValue

func (a *Args) AddNoValue(key string)

AddNoValue adds only 'key' as argument without the '='.

Multiple values for the same key may be added.

func (*Args) AppendBytes

func (a *Args) AppendBytes(dst []byte) []byte

AppendBytes appends query string to dst and returns the extended dst.

func (*Args) CopyTo

func (a *Args) CopyTo(dst *Args)

CopyTo copies all args to dst.

func (*Args) Del

func (a *Args) Del(key string)

Del deletes argument with the given key from query args.

func (*Args) DelBytes

func (a *Args) DelBytes(key []byte)

DelBytes deletes argument with the given key from query args.

func (*Args) GetBool

func (a *Args) GetBool(key string) bool

GetBool returns boolean value for the given key.

true is returned for "1", "t", "T", "true", "TRUE", "True", "y", "yes", "Y", "YES", "Yes", otherwise false is returned.

func (*Args) GetUfloat

func (a *Args) GetUfloat(key string) (float64, error)

GetUfloat returns ufloat value for the given key.

func (*Args) GetUfloatOrZero

func (a *Args) GetUfloatOrZero(key string) float64

GetUfloatOrZero returns ufloat value for the given key.

Zero (0) is returned on error.

func (*Args) GetUint

func (a *Args) GetUint(key string) (int, error)

GetUint returns uint value for the given key.

func (*Args) GetUintOrZero

func (a *Args) GetUintOrZero(key string) int

GetUintOrZero returns uint value for the given key.

Zero (0) is returned on error.

func (*Args) Has

func (a *Args) Has(key string) bool

Has returns true if the given key exists in Args.

func (*Args) HasBytes

func (a *Args) HasBytes(key []byte) bool

HasBytes returns true if the given key exists in Args.

func (*Args) Len

func (a *Args) Len() int

Len returns the number of query args.

func (*Args) Parse

func (a *Args) Parse(s string)

Parse parses the given string containing query args.

func (*Args) ParseBytes

func (a *Args) ParseBytes(b []byte)

ParseBytes parses the given b containing query args.

func (*Args) Peek

func (a *Args) Peek(key string) []byte

Peek returns query arg value for the given key.

Returned value is valid until the next Args call.

func (*Args) PeekBytes

func (a *Args) PeekBytes(key []byte) []byte

PeekBytes returns query arg value for the given key.

Returned value is valid until the next Args call.

func (*Args) PeekMulti

func (a *Args) PeekMulti(key string) [][]byte

PeekMulti returns all the arg values for the given key.

func (*Args) PeekMultiBytes

func (a *Args) PeekMultiBytes(key []byte) [][]byte

PeekMultiBytes returns all the arg values for the given key.

func (*Args) QueryString

func (a *Args) QueryString() []byte

QueryString returns query string for the args.

The returned value is valid until the next call to Args methods.

func (*Args) Reset

func (a *Args) Reset()

Reset clears query args.

func (*Args) Set

func (a *Args) Set(key, value string)

Set sets 'key=value' argument.

func (*Args) SetBytesK

func (a *Args) SetBytesK(key []byte, value string)

SetBytesK sets 'key=value' argument.

func (*Args) SetBytesKNoValue

func (a *Args) SetBytesKNoValue(key []byte)

SetBytesKNoValue sets 'key' argument.

func (*Args) SetBytesKV

func (a *Args) SetBytesKV(key, value []byte)

SetBytesKV sets 'key=value' argument.

func (*Args) SetBytesV

func (a *Args) SetBytesV(key string, value []byte)

SetBytesV sets 'key=value' argument.

func (*Args) SetNoValue

func (a *Args) SetNoValue(key string)

SetNoValue sets only 'key' as argument without the '='.

Only key in argumemt, like key1&key2

func (*Args) SetUint

func (a *Args) SetUint(key string, value int)

SetUint sets uint value for the given key.

func (*Args) SetUintBytes

func (a *Args) SetUintBytes(key []byte, value int)

SetUintBytes sets uint value for the given key.

func (*Args) Sort

func (a *Args) Sort(f func(x, y []byte) int)

Sort sorts Args by key and then value using 'f' as comparison function.

For example args.Sort(bytes.Compare)

func (*Args) String

func (a *Args) String() string

String returns string representation of query args.

func (*Args) VisitAll

func (a *Args) VisitAll(f func(key, value []byte))

VisitAll calls f for each existing arg.

f must not retain references to key and value after returning. Make key and/or value copies if you need storing them after returning.

func (*Args) WriteTo

func (a *Args) WriteTo(w io.Writer) (int64, error)

WriteTo writes query string to w.

WriteTo implements io.WriterTo interface.

type BalancingClient

type BalancingClient interface {
	DoDeadline(req *Request, resp *Response, deadline time.Time) error
	PendingRequests() int
}

BalancingClient is the interface for clients, which may be passed to LBClient.Clients.

type Client

type Client struct {

	// Client name. Used in User-Agent request header.
	//
	// Default client name is used if not set.
	Name string

	// NoDefaultUserAgentHeader when set to true, causes the default
	// User-Agent header to be excluded from the Request.
	NoDefaultUserAgentHeader bool

	// Callback for establishing new connections to hosts.
	//
	// Default Dial is used if not set.
	Dial DialFunc

	// Attempt to connect to both ipv4 and ipv6 addresses if set to true.
	//
	// This option is used only if default TCP dialer is used,
	// i.e. if Dial is blank.
	//
	// By default client connects only to ipv4 addresses,
	// since unfortunately ipv6 remains broken in many networks worldwide :)
	DialDualStack bool

	// TLS config for https connections.
	//
	// Default TLS config is used if not set.
	TLSConfig *tls.Config

	// Maximum number of connections per each host which may be established.
	//
	// DefaultMaxConnsPerHost is used if not set.
	MaxConnsPerHost int

	// Idle keep-alive connections are closed after this duration.
	//
	// By default idle connections are closed
	// after DefaultMaxIdleConnDuration.
	MaxIdleConnDuration time.Duration

	// Keep-alive connections are closed after this duration.
	//
	// By default connection duration is unlimited.
	MaxConnDuration time.Duration

	// Maximum number of attempts for idempotent calls
	//
	// DefaultMaxIdemponentCallAttempts is used if not set.
	MaxIdemponentCallAttempts int

	// Per-connection buffer size for responses' reading.
	// This also limits the maximum header size.
	//
	// Default buffer size is used if 0.
	ReadBufferSize int

	// Per-connection buffer size for requests' writing.
	//
	// Default buffer size is used if 0.
	WriteBufferSize int

	// Maximum duration for full response reading (including body).
	//
	// By default response read timeout is unlimited.
	ReadTimeout time.Duration

	// Maximum duration for full request writing (including body).
	//
	// By default request write timeout is unlimited.
	WriteTimeout time.Duration

	// Maximum response body size.
	//
	// The client returns ErrBodyTooLarge if this limit is greater than 0
	// and response body is greater than the limit.
	//
	// By default response body size is unlimited.
	MaxResponseBodySize int

	// Header names are passed as-is without normalization
	// if this option is set.
	//
	// Disabled header names' normalization may be useful only for proxying
	// responses to other clients expecting case-sensitive
	// header names. See https://github.com/valyala/fasthttp/issues/57
	// for details.
	//
	// By default request and response header names are normalized, i.e.
	// The first letter and the first letters following dashes
	// are uppercased, while all the other letters are lowercased.
	// Examples:
	//
	//     * HOST -> Host
	//     * content-type -> Content-Type
	//     * cONTENT-lenGTH -> Content-Length
	DisableHeaderNamesNormalizing bool

	// Path values are sent as-is without normalization
	//
	// Disabled path normalization may be useful for proxying incoming requests
	// to servers that are expecting paths to be forwarded as-is.
	//
	// By default path values are normalized, i.e.
	// extra slashes are removed, special characters are encoded.
	DisablePathNormalizing bool

	// Maximum duration for waiting for a free connection.
	//
	// By default will not waiting, return ErrNoFreeConns immediately
	MaxConnWaitTimeout time.Duration

	// RetryIf controls whether a retry should be attempted after an error.
	//
	// By default will use isIdempotent function
	RetryIf RetryIfFunc
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Client implements http client.

Copying Client by value is prohibited. Create new instance instead.

It is safe calling Client methods from concurrently running goroutines.

func (*Client) Do

func (c *Client) Do(req *Request, resp *Response) error

Do performs the given http request and fills the given http response.

Request must contain at least non-zero RequestURI with full url (including scheme and host) or non-zero Host header + RequestURI.

Client determines the server to be requested in the following order:

- from RequestURI if it contains full url with scheme and host;
- from Host header otherwise.

Response is ignored if resp is nil.

The function doesn't follow redirects. Use Get* for following redirects.

ErrNoFreeConns is returned if all Client.MaxConnsPerHost connections to the requested host are busy.

It is recommended obtaining req and resp via AcquireRequest and AcquireResponse in performance-critical code.

func (*Client) DoDeadline

func (c *Client) DoDeadline(req *Request, resp *Response, deadline time.Time) error

DoDeadline performs the given request and waits for response until the given deadline.

Request must contain at least non-zero RequestURI with full url (including scheme and host) or non-zero Host header + RequestURI.

Client determines the server to be requested in the following order:

- from RequestURI if it contains full url with scheme and host;
- from Host header otherwise.

The function doesn't follow redirects. Use Get* for following redirects.

Response is ignored if resp is nil.

ErrTimeout is returned if the response wasn't returned until the given deadline.

ErrNoFreeConns is returned if all Client.MaxConnsPerHost connections to the requested host are busy.

It is recommended obtaining req and resp via AcquireRequest and AcquireResponse in performance-critical code.

func (*Client) DoRedirects

func (c *Client) DoRedirects(req *Request, resp *Response, maxRedirectsCount int) error

DoRedirects performs the given http request and fills the given http response, following up to maxRedirectsCount redirects. When the redirect count exceeds maxRedirectsCount, ErrTooManyRedirects is returned.

Request must contain at least non-zero RequestURI with full url (including scheme and host) or non-zero Host header + RequestURI.

Client determines the server to be requested in the following order:

- from RequestURI if it contains full url with scheme and host;
- from Host header otherwise.

Response is ignored if resp is nil.

ErrNoFreeConns is returned if all DefaultMaxConnsPerHost connections to the requested host are busy.

It is recommended obtaining req and resp via AcquireRequest and AcquireResponse in performance-critical code.

func (*Client) DoTimeout

func (c *Client) DoTimeout(req *Request, resp *Response, timeout time.Duration) error

DoTimeout performs the given request and waits for response during the given timeout duration.

Request must contain at least non-zero RequestURI with full url (including scheme and host) or non-zero Host header + RequestURI.

Client determines the server to be requested in the following order:

- from RequestURI if it contains full url with scheme and host;
- from Host header otherwise.

The function doesn't follow redirects. Use Get* for following redirects.

Response is ignored if resp is nil.

ErrTimeout is returned if the response wasn't returned during the given timeout.

ErrNoFreeConns is returned if all Client.MaxConnsPerHost connections to the requested host are busy.

It is recommended obtaining req and resp via AcquireRequest and AcquireResponse in performance-critical code.

Warning: DoTimeout does not terminate the request itself. The request will continue in the background and the response will be discarded. If requests take too long and the connection pool gets filled up please try setting a ReadTimeout.

func (*Client) Get

func (c *Client) Get(dst []byte, url string) (statusCode int, body []byte, err error)

Get returns the status code and body of url.

The contents of dst will be replaced by the body and returned, if the dst is too small a new slice will be allocated.

The function follows redirects. Use Do* for manually handling redirects.

func (*Client) GetDeadline

func (c *Client) GetDeadline(dst []byte, url string, deadline time.Time) (statusCode int, body []byte, err error)

GetDeadline returns the status code and body of url.

The contents of dst will be replaced by the body and returned, if the dst is too small a new slice will be allocated.

The function follows redirects. Use Do* for manually handling redirects.

ErrTimeout error is returned if url contents couldn't be fetched until the given deadline.

func (*Client) GetTimeout

func (c *Client) GetTimeout(dst []byte, url string, timeout time.Duration) (statusCode int, body []byte, err error)

GetTimeout returns the status code and body of url.

The contents of dst will be replaced by the body and returned, if the dst is too small a new slice will be allocated.

The function follows redirects. Use Do* for manually handling redirects.

ErrTimeout error is returned if url contents couldn't be fetched during the given timeout.

func (*Client) Post

func (c *Client) Post(dst []byte, url string, postArgs *Args) (statusCode int, body []byte, err error)

Post sends POST request to the given url with the given POST arguments.

The contents of dst will be replaced by the body and returned, if the dst is too small a new slice will be allocated.

The function follows redirects. Use Do* for manually handling redirects.

Empty POST body is sent if postArgs is nil.

type ConnState

type ConnState int

A ConnState represents the state of a client connection to a server. It's used by the optional Server.ConnState hook.

const (
	// StateNew represents a new connection that is expected to
	// send a request immediately. Connections begin at this
	// state and then transition to either StateActive or
	// StateClosed.
	StateNew ConnState = iota

	// StateActive represents a connection that has read 1 or more
	// bytes of a request. The Server.ConnState hook for
	// StateActive fires before the request has entered a handler
	// and doesn't fire again until the request has been
	// handled. After the request is handled, the state
	// transitions to StateClosed, StateHijacked, or StateIdle.
	// For HTTP/2, StateActive fires on the transition from zero
	// to one active request, and only transitions away once all
	// active requests are complete. That means that ConnState
	// cannot be used to do per-request work; ConnState only notes
	// the overall state of the connection.
	StateActive

	// StateIdle represents a connection that has finished
	// handling a request and is in the keep-alive state, waiting
	// for a new request. Connections transition from StateIdle
	// to either StateActive or StateClosed.
	StateIdle

	// StateHijacked represents a hijacked connection.
	// This is a terminal state. It does not transition to StateClosed.
	StateHijacked

	// StateClosed represents a closed connection.
	// This is a terminal state. Hijacked connections do not
	// transition to StateClosed.
	StateClosed
)

func (ConnState) String

func (c ConnState) String() string
type Cookie struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Cookie represents HTTP response cookie.

Do not copy Cookie objects. Create new object and use CopyTo instead.

Cookie instance MUST NOT be used from concurrently running goroutines.

func AcquireCookie

func AcquireCookie() *Cookie

AcquireCookie returns an empty Cookie object from the pool.

The returned object may be returned back to the pool with ReleaseCookie. This allows reducing GC load.

func (*Cookie) AppendBytes

func (c *Cookie) AppendBytes(dst []byte) []byte

AppendBytes appends cookie representation to dst and returns the extended dst.

func (*Cookie) Cookie

func (c *Cookie) Cookie() []byte

Cookie returns cookie representation.

The returned value is valid until the next call to Cookie methods.

func (*Cookie) CopyTo

func (c *Cookie) CopyTo(src *Cookie)

CopyTo copies src cookie to c.

func (*Cookie) Domain

func (c *Cookie) Domain() []byte

Domain returns cookie domain.

The returned domain is valid until the next Cookie modification method call.

func (*Cookie) Expire

func (c *Cookie) Expire() time.Time

Expire returns cookie expiration time.

CookieExpireUnlimited is returned if cookie doesn't expire

func (*Cookie) HTTPOnly

func (c *Cookie) HTTPOnly() bool

HTTPOnly returns true if the cookie is http only.

func (*Cookie) Key

func (c *Cookie) Key() []byte

Key returns cookie name.

The returned value is valid until the next Cookie modification method call.

func (*Cookie) MaxAge

func (c *Cookie) MaxAge() int

MaxAge returns the seconds until the cookie is meant to expire or 0 if no max age.

func (*Cookie) Parse

func (c *Cookie) Parse(src string) error

Parse parses Set-Cookie header.

func (*Cookie) ParseBytes

func (c *Cookie) ParseBytes(src []byte) error

ParseBytes parses Set-Cookie header.

func (*Cookie) Path

func (c *Cookie) Path() []byte

Path returns cookie path.

func (*Cookie) Reset

func (c *Cookie) Reset()

Reset clears the cookie.

func (*Cookie) SameSite

func (c *Cookie) SameSite() CookieSameSite

SameSite returns the SameSite mode.

func (*Cookie) Secure

func (c *Cookie) Secure() bool

Secure returns true if the cookie is secure.

func (*Cookie) SetDomain

func (c *Cookie) SetDomain(domain string)

SetDomain sets cookie domain.

func (*Cookie) SetDomainBytes

func (c *Cookie) SetDomainBytes(domain []byte)

SetDomainBytes sets cookie domain.

func (*Cookie) SetExpire

func (c *Cookie) SetExpire(expire time.Time)

SetExpire sets cookie expiration time.

Set expiration time to CookieExpireDelete for expiring (deleting) the cookie on the client.

By default cookie lifetime is limited by browser session.

func (*Cookie) SetHTTPOnly

func (c *Cookie) SetHTTPOnly(httpOnly bool)

SetHTTPOnly sets cookie's httpOnly flag to the given value.

func (*Cookie) SetKey

func (c *Cookie) SetKey(key string)

SetKey sets cookie name.

func (*Cookie) SetKeyBytes

func (c *Cookie) SetKeyBytes(key []byte)

SetKeyBytes sets cookie name.

func (*Cookie) SetMaxAge

func (c *Cookie) SetMaxAge(seconds int)

SetMaxAge sets cookie expiration time based on seconds. This takes precedence over any absolute expiry set on the cookie

Set max age to 0 to unset

func (*Cookie) SetPath

func (c *Cookie) SetPath(path string)

SetPath sets cookie path.

func (*Cookie) SetPathBytes

func (c *Cookie) SetPathBytes(path []byte)

SetPathBytes sets cookie path.

func (*Cookie) SetSameSite

func (c *Cookie) SetSameSite(mode CookieSameSite)

SetSameSite sets the cookie's SameSite flag to the given value. set value CookieSameSiteNoneMode will set Secure to true also to avoid browser rejection

func (*Cookie) SetSecure

func (c *Cookie) SetSecure(secure bool)

SetSecure sets cookie's secure flag to the given value.

func (*Cookie) SetValue

func (c *Cookie) SetValue(value string)

SetValue sets cookie value.

func (*Cookie) SetValueBytes

func (c *Cookie) SetValueBytes(value []byte)

SetValueBytes sets cookie value.

func (*Cookie) String

func (c *Cookie) String() string

String returns cookie representation.

func (*Cookie) Value

func (c *Cookie) Value() []byte

Value returns cookie value.

The returned value is valid until the next Cookie modification method call.

func (*Cookie) WriteTo

func (c *Cookie) WriteTo(w io.Writer) (int64, error)

WriteTo writes cookie representation to w.

WriteTo implements io.WriterTo interface.

type CookieSameSite

type CookieSameSite int

CookieSameSite is an enum for the mode in which the SameSite flag should be set for the given cookie. See https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-httpbis-cookie-same-site-00 for details.

const (
	// CookieSameSiteDisabled removes the SameSite flag
	CookieSameSiteDisabled CookieSameSite = iota
	// CookieSameSiteDefaultMode sets the SameSite flag
	CookieSameSiteDefaultMode
	// CookieSameSiteLaxMode sets the SameSite flag with the "Lax" parameter
	CookieSameSiteLaxMode
	// CookieSameSiteStrictMode sets the SameSite flag with the "Strict" parameter
	CookieSameSiteStrictMode
	// CookieSameSiteNoneMode sets the SameSite flag with the "None" parameter
	// see https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-west-cookie-incrementalism-00
	CookieSameSiteNoneMode
)

type DialFunc

type DialFunc func(addr string) (net.Conn, error)

DialFunc must establish connection to addr.

There is no need in establishing TLS (SSL) connection for https. The client automatically converts connection to TLS if HostClient.IsTLS is set.

TCP address passed to DialFunc always contains host and port. Example TCP addr values:

- foobar.com:80
- foobar.com:443
- foobar.com:8080

type ErrBodyStreamWritePanic

type ErrBodyStreamWritePanic struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

ErrBodyStreamWritePanic is returned when panic happens during writing body stream.

type ErrBrokenChunk

type ErrBrokenChunk struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

ErrBrokenChunk is returned when server receives a broken chunked body (Transfer-Encoding: chunked).

type ErrNothingRead

type ErrNothingRead struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

ErrNothingRead is returned when a keep-alive connection is closed, either because the remote closed it or because of a read timeout.

type ErrSmallBuffer

type ErrSmallBuffer struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

ErrSmallBuffer is returned when the provided buffer size is too small for reading request and/or response headers.

ReadBufferSize value from Server or clients should reduce the number of such errors.

type FS

type FS struct {

	// Path to the root directory to serve files from.
	Root string

	// List of index file names to try opening during directory access.
	//
	// For example:
	//
	//     * index.html
	//     * index.htm
	//     * my-super-index.xml
	//
	// By default the list is empty.
	IndexNames []string

	// Index pages for directories without files matching IndexNames
	// are automatically generated if set.
	//
	// Directory index generation may be quite slow for directories
	// with many files (more than 1K), so it is discouraged enabling
	// index pages' generation for such directories.
	//
	// By default index pages aren't generated.
	GenerateIndexPages bool

	// Transparently compresses responses if set to true.
	//
	// The server tries minimizing CPU usage by caching compressed files.
	// It adds CompressedFileSuffix suffix to the original file name and
	// tries saving the resulting compressed file under the new file name.
	// So it is advisable to give the server write access to Root
	// and to all inner folders in order to minimize CPU usage when serving
	// compressed responses.
	//
	// Transparent compression is disabled by default.
	Compress bool

	// Enables byte range requests if set to true.
	//
	// Byte range requests are disabled by default.
	AcceptByteRange bool

	// Path rewriting function.
	//
	// By default request path is not modified.
	PathRewrite PathRewriteFunc

	// PathNotFound fires when file is not found in filesystem
	// this functions tries to replace "Cannot open requested path"
	// server response giving to the programmer the control of server flow.
	//
	// By default PathNotFound returns
	// "Cannot open requested path"
	PathNotFound RequestHandler

	// Expiration duration for inactive file handlers.
	//
	// FSHandlerCacheDuration is used by default.
	CacheDuration time.Duration

	// Suffix to add to the name of cached compressed file.
	//
	// This value has sense only if Compress is set.
	//
	// FSCompressedFileSuffix is used by default.
	CompressedFileSuffix string
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

FS represents settings for request handler serving static files from the local filesystem.

It is prohibited copying FS values. Create new values instead.

Example

Code:

package main

import (
	"github.com/valyala/fasthttp"
	"log"
)

func main() {
	fs := &fasthttp.FS{
		// Path to directory to serve.
		Root: "/var/www/static-site",

		// Generate index pages if client requests directory contents.
		GenerateIndexPages: true,

		// Enable transparent compression to save network traffic.
		Compress: true,
	}

	// Create request handler for serving static files.
	h := fs.NewRequestHandler()

	// Start the server.
	if err := fasthttp.ListenAndServe(":8080", h); err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("error in ListenAndServe: %s", err)
	}
}

func (*FS) NewRequestHandler

func (fs *FS) NewRequestHandler() RequestHandler

NewRequestHandler returns new request handler with the given FS settings.

The returned handler caches requested file handles for FS.CacheDuration. Make sure your program has enough 'max open files' limit aka 'ulimit -n' if FS.Root folder contains many files.

Do not create multiple request handlers from a single FS instance - just reuse a single request handler.

type HijackHandler

type HijackHandler func(c net.Conn)

HijackHandler must process the hijacked connection c.

If KeepHijackedConns is disabled, which is by default, the connection c is automatically closed after returning from HijackHandler.

The connection c must not be used after returning from the handler, if KeepHijackedConns is disabled.

When KeepHijackedConns enabled, fasthttp will not Close() the connection, you must do it when you need it. You must not use c in any way after calling Close().

type HostClient

type HostClient struct {

	// Comma-separated list of upstream HTTP server host addresses,
	// which are passed to Dial in a round-robin manner.
	//
	// Each address may contain port if default dialer is used.
	// For example,
	//
	//    - foobar.com:80
	//    - foobar.com:443
	//    - foobar.com:8080
	Addr string

	// Client name. Used in User-Agent request header.
	Name string

	// NoDefaultUserAgentHeader when set to true, causes the default
	// User-Agent header to be excluded from the Request.
	NoDefaultUserAgentHeader bool

	// Callback for establishing new connection to the host.
	//
	// Default Dial is used if not set.
	Dial DialFunc

	// Attempt to connect to both ipv4 and ipv6 host addresses
	// if set to true.
	//
	// This option is used only if default TCP dialer is used,
	// i.e. if Dial is blank.
	//
	// By default client connects only to ipv4 addresses,
	// since unfortunately ipv6 remains broken in many networks worldwide :)
	DialDualStack bool

	// Whether to use TLS (aka SSL or HTTPS) for host connections.
	IsTLS bool

	// Optional TLS config.
	TLSConfig *tls.Config

	// Maximum number of connections which may be established to all hosts
	// listed in Addr.
	//
	// You can change this value while the HostClient is being used
	// using HostClient.SetMaxConns(value)
	//
	// DefaultMaxConnsPerHost is used if not set.
	MaxConns int

	// Keep-alive connections are closed after this duration.
	//
	// By default connection duration is unlimited.
	MaxConnDuration time.Duration

	// Idle keep-alive connections are closed after this duration.
	//
	// By default idle connections are closed
	// after DefaultMaxIdleConnDuration.
	MaxIdleConnDuration time.Duration

	// Maximum number of attempts for idempotent calls
	//
	// DefaultMaxIdemponentCallAttempts is used if not set.
	MaxIdemponentCallAttempts int

	// Per-connection buffer size for responses' reading.
	// This also limits the maximum header size.
	//
	// Default buffer size is used if 0.
	ReadBufferSize int

	// Per-connection buffer size for requests' writing.
	//
	// Default buffer size is used if 0.
	WriteBufferSize int

	// Maximum duration for full response reading (including body).
	//
	// By default response read timeout is unlimited.
	ReadTimeout time.Duration

	// Maximum duration for full request writing (including body).
	//
	// By default request write timeout is unlimited.
	WriteTimeout time.Duration

	// Maximum response body size.
	//
	// The client returns ErrBodyTooLarge if this limit is greater than 0
	// and response body is greater than the limit.
	//
	// By default response body size is unlimited.
	MaxResponseBodySize int

	// Header names are passed as-is without normalization
	// if this option is set.
	//
	// Disabled header names' normalization may be useful only for proxying
	// responses to other clients expecting case-sensitive
	// header names. See https://github.com/valyala/fasthttp/issues/57
	// for details.
	//
	// By default request and response header names are normalized, i.e.
	// The first letter and the first letters following dashes
	// are uppercased, while all the other letters are lowercased.
	// Examples:
	//
	//     * HOST -> Host
	//     * content-type -> Content-Type
	//     * cONTENT-lenGTH -> Content-Length
	DisableHeaderNamesNormalizing bool

	// Path values are sent as-is without normalization
	//
	// Disabled path normalization may be useful for proxying incoming requests
	// to servers that are expecting paths to be forwarded as-is.
	//
	// By default path values are normalized, i.e.
	// extra slashes are removed, special characters are encoded.
	DisablePathNormalizing bool

	// Maximum duration for waiting for a free connection.
	//
	// By default will not waiting, return ErrNoFreeConns immediately
	MaxConnWaitTimeout time.Duration

	// RetryIf controls whether a retry should be attempted after an error.
	//
	// By default will use isIdempotent function
	RetryIf RetryIfFunc
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

HostClient balances http requests among hosts listed in Addr.

HostClient may be used for balancing load among multiple upstream hosts. While multiple addresses passed to HostClient.Addr may be used for balancing load among them, it would be better using LBClient instead, since HostClient may unevenly balance load among upstream hosts.

It is forbidden copying HostClient instances. Create new instances instead.

It is safe calling HostClient methods from concurrently running goroutines.

Example

Code:

package main

import (
	"log"

	"github.com/valyala/fasthttp"
)

func main() {
	// Perpare a client, which fetches webpages via HTTP proxy listening
	// on the localhost:8080.
	c := &fasthttp.HostClient{
		Addr: "localhost:8080",
	}

	// Fetch google page via local proxy.
	statusCode, body, err := c.Get(nil, "http://google.com/foo/bar")
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Error when loading google page through local proxy: %s", err)
	}
	if statusCode != fasthttp.StatusOK {
		log.Fatalf("Unexpected status code: %d. Expecting %d", statusCode, fasthttp.StatusOK)
	}
	useResponseBody(body)

	// Fetch foobar page via local proxy. Reuse body buffer.
	statusCode, body, err = c.Get(body, "http://foobar.com/google/com")
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Error when loading foobar page through local proxy: %s", err)
	}
	if statusCode != fasthttp.StatusOK {
		log.Fatalf("Unexpected status code: %d. Expecting %d", statusCode, fasthttp.StatusOK)
	}
	useResponseBody(body)
}

func useResponseBody(body []byte) {
	// Do something with body :)
}

func (*HostClient) Do

func (c *HostClient) Do(req *Request, resp *Response) error

Do performs the given http request and sets the corresponding response.

Request must contain at least non-zero RequestURI with full url (including scheme and host) or non-zero Host header + RequestURI.

The function doesn't follow redirects. Use Get* for following redirects.

Response is ignored if resp is nil.

ErrNoFreeConns is returned if all HostClient.MaxConns connections to the host are busy.

It is recommended obtaining req and resp via AcquireRequest and AcquireResponse in performance-critical code.

func (*HostClient) DoDeadline

func (c *HostClient) DoDeadline(req *Request, resp *Response, deadline time.Time) error

DoDeadline performs the given request and waits for response until the given deadline.

Request must contain at least non-zero RequestURI with full url (including scheme and host) or non-zero Host header + RequestURI.

The function doesn't follow redirects. Use Get* for following redirects.

Response is ignored if resp is nil.

ErrTimeout is returned if the response wasn't returned until the given deadline.

ErrNoFreeConns is returned if all HostClient.MaxConns connections to the host are busy.

It is recommended obtaining req and resp via AcquireRequest and AcquireResponse in performance-critical code.

func (*HostClient) DoRedirects

func (c *HostClient) DoRedirects(req *Request, resp *Response, maxRedirectsCount int) error

DoRedirects performs the given http request and fills the given http response, following up to maxRedirectsCount redirects. When the redirect count exceeds maxRedirectsCount, ErrTooManyRedirects is returned.

Request must contain at least non-zero RequestURI with full url (including scheme and host) or non-zero Host header + RequestURI.

Client determines the server to be requested in the following order:

- from RequestURI if it contains full url with scheme and host;
- from Host header otherwise.

Response is ignored if resp is nil.

ErrNoFreeConns is returned if all DefaultMaxConnsPerHost connections to the requested host are busy.

It is recommended obtaining req and resp via AcquireRequest and AcquireResponse in performance-critical code.

func (*HostClient) DoTimeout

func (c *HostClient) DoTimeout(req *Request, resp *Response, timeout time.Duration) error

DoTimeout performs the given request and waits for response during the given timeout duration.

Request must contain at least non-zero RequestURI with full url (including scheme and host) or non-zero Host header + RequestURI.

The function doesn't follow redirects. Use Get* for following redirects.

Response is ignored if resp is nil.

ErrTimeout is returned if the response wasn't returned during the given timeout.

ErrNoFreeConns is returned if all HostClient.MaxConns connections to the host are busy.

It is recommended obtaining req and resp via AcquireRequest and AcquireResponse in performance-critical code.

Warning: DoTimeout does not terminate the request itself. The request will continue in the background and the response will be discarded. If requests take too long and the connection pool gets filled up please try setting a ReadTimeout.

func (*HostClient) Get

func (c *HostClient) Get(dst []byte, url string) (statusCode int, body []byte, err error)

Get returns the status code and body of url.

The contents of dst will be replaced by the body and returned, if the dst is too small a new slice will be allocated.

The function follows redirects. Use Do* for manually handling redirects.

func (*HostClient) GetDeadline

func (c *HostClient) GetDeadline(dst []byte, url string, deadline time.Time) (statusCode int, body []byte, err error)

GetDeadline returns the status code and body of url.

The contents of dst will be replaced by the body and returned, if the dst is too small a new slice will be allocated.

The function follows redirects. Use Do* for manually handling redirects.

ErrTimeout error is returned if url contents couldn't be fetched until the given deadline.

func (*HostClient) GetTimeout

func (c *HostClient) GetTimeout(dst []byte, url string, timeout time.Duration) (statusCode int, body []byte, err error)

GetTimeout returns the status code and body of url.

The contents of dst will be replaced by the body and returned, if the dst is too small a new slice will be allocated.

The function follows redirects. Use Do* for manually handling redirects.

ErrTimeout error is returned if url contents couldn't be fetched during the given timeout.

func (*HostClient) LastUseTime

func (c *HostClient) LastUseTime() time.Time

LastUseTime returns time the client was last used

func (*HostClient) PendingRequests

func (c *HostClient) PendingRequests() int

PendingRequests returns the current number of requests the client is executing.

This function may be used for balancing load among multiple HostClient instances.

func (*HostClient) Post

func (c *HostClient) Post(dst []byte, url string, postArgs *Args) (statusCode int, body []byte, err error)

Post sends POST request to the given url with the given POST arguments.

The contents of dst will be replaced by the body and returned, if the dst is too small a new slice will be allocated.

The function follows redirects. Use Do* for manually handling redirects.

Empty POST body is sent if postArgs is nil.

func (*HostClient) SetMaxConns

func (c *HostClient) SetMaxConns(newMaxConns int)

SetMaxConns sets up the maximum number of connections which may be established to all hosts listed in Addr.

type LBClient

type LBClient struct {

	// Clients must contain non-zero clients list.
	// Incoming requests are balanced among these clients.
	Clients []BalancingClient

	// HealthCheck is a callback called after each request.
	//
	// The request, response and the error returned by the client
	// is passed to HealthCheck, so the callback may determine whether
	// the client is healthy.
	//
	// Load on the current client is decreased if HealthCheck returns false.
	//
	// By default HealthCheck returns false if err != nil.
	HealthCheck func(req *Request, resp *Response, err error) bool

	// Timeout is the request timeout used when calling LBClient.Do.
	//
	// DefaultLBClientTimeout is used by default.
	Timeout time.Duration
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

LBClient balances requests among available LBClient.Clients.

It has the following features:

- Balances load among available clients using 'least loaded' + 'least total'
  hybrid technique.
- Dynamically decreases load on unhealthy clients.

It is forbidden copying LBClient instances. Create new instances instead.

It is safe calling LBClient methods from concurrently running goroutines.

Example

Code:

// Requests will be spread among these servers.
servers := []string{
	"google.com:80",
	"foobar.com:8080",
	"127.0.0.1:123",
}

// Prepare clients for each server
var lbc fasthttp.LBClient
for _, addr := range servers {
	c := &fasthttp.HostClient{
		Addr: addr,
	}
	lbc.Clients = append(lbc.Clients, c)
}

// Send requests to load-balanced servers
var req fasthttp.Request
var resp fasthttp.Response
for i := 0; i < 10; i++ {
	url := fmt.Sprintf("http://abcedfg/foo/bar/%d", i)
	req.SetRequestURI(url)
	if err := lbc.Do(&req, &resp); err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Error when sending request: %s", err)
	}
	if resp.StatusCode() != fasthttp.StatusOK {
		log.Fatalf("unexpected status code: %d. Expecting %d", resp.StatusCode(), fasthttp.StatusOK)
	}

	useResponseBody(resp.Body())
}

func (*LBClient) Do

func (cc *LBClient) Do(req *Request, resp *Response) error

Do calls calculates deadline using LBClient.Timeout and calls DoDeadline on the least loaded client.

func (*LBClient) DoDeadline

func (cc *LBClient) DoDeadline(req *Request, resp *Response, deadline time.Time) error

DoDeadline calls DoDeadline on the least loaded client

func (*LBClient) DoTimeout

func (cc *LBClient) DoTimeout(req *Request, resp *Response, timeout time.Duration) error

DoTimeout calculates deadline and calls DoDeadline on the least loaded client

type Logger

type Logger interface {
	// Printf must have the same semantics as log.Printf.
	Printf(format string, args ...interface{})
}

Logger is used for logging formatted messages.

type PathRewriteFunc

type PathRewriteFunc func(ctx *RequestCtx) []byte

PathRewriteFunc must return new request path based on arbitrary ctx info such as ctx.Path().

Path rewriter is used in FS for translating the current request to the local filesystem path relative to FS.Root.

The returned path must not contain '/../' substrings due to security reasons, since such paths may refer files outside FS.Root.

The returned path may refer to ctx members. For example, ctx.Path().

func NewPathPrefixStripper

func NewPathPrefixStripper(prefixSize int) PathRewriteFunc

NewPathPrefixStripper returns path rewriter, which removes prefixSize bytes from the path prefix.

Examples:

* prefixSize = 0, original path: "/foo/bar", result: "/foo/bar"
* prefixSize = 3, original path: "/foo/bar", result: "o/bar"
* prefixSize = 7, original path: "/foo/bar", result: "r"

The returned path rewriter may be used as FS.PathRewrite .

func NewPathSlashesStripper

func NewPathSlashesStripper(slashesCount int) PathRewriteFunc

NewPathSlashesStripper returns path rewriter, which strips slashesCount leading slashes from the path.

Examples:

* slashesCount = 0, original path: "/foo/bar", result: "/foo/bar"
* slashesCount = 1, original path: "/foo/bar", result: "/bar"
* slashesCount = 2, original path: "/foo/bar", result: ""

The returned path rewriter may be used as FS.PathRewrite .

func NewVHostPathRewriter

func NewVHostPathRewriter(slashesCount int) PathRewriteFunc

NewVHostPathRewriter returns path rewriter, which strips slashesCount leading slashes from the path and prepends the path with request's host, thus simplifying virtual hosting for static files.

Examples:

* host=foobar.com, slashesCount=0, original path="/foo/bar".
  Resulting path: "/foobar.com/foo/bar"

* host=img.aaa.com, slashesCount=1, original path="/images/123/456.jpg"
  Resulting path: "/img.aaa.com/123/456.jpg"

type PipelineClient

type PipelineClient struct {

	// Address of the host to connect to.
	Addr string

	// The maximum number of concurrent connections to the Addr.
	//
	// A single connection is used by default.
	MaxConns int

	// The maximum number of pending pipelined requests over
	// a single connection to Addr.
	//
	// DefaultMaxPendingRequests is used by default.
	MaxPendingRequests int

	// The maximum delay before sending pipelined requests as a batch
	// to the server.
	//
	// By default requests are sent immediately to the server.
	MaxBatchDelay time.Duration

	// Callback for connection establishing to the host.
	//
	// Default Dial is used if not set.
	Dial DialFunc

	// Attempt to connect to both ipv4 and ipv6 host addresses
	// if set to true.
	//
	// This option is used only if default TCP dialer is used,
	// i.e. if Dial is blank.
	//
	// By default client connects only to ipv4 addresses,
	// since unfortunately ipv6 remains broken in many networks worldwide :)
	DialDualStack bool

	// Whether to use TLS (aka SSL or HTTPS) for host connections.
	IsTLS bool

	// Optional TLS config.
	TLSConfig *tls.Config

	// Idle connection to the host is closed after this duration.
	//
	// By default idle connection is closed after
	// DefaultMaxIdleConnDuration.
	MaxIdleConnDuration time.Duration

	// Buffer size for responses' reading.
	// This also limits the maximum header size.
	//
	// Default buffer size is used if 0.
	ReadBufferSize int

	// Buffer size for requests' writing.
	//
	// Default buffer size is used if 0.
	WriteBufferSize int

	// Maximum duration for full response reading (including body).
	//
	// By default response read timeout is unlimited.
	ReadTimeout time.Duration

	// Maximum duration for full request writing (including body).
	//
	// By default request write timeout is unlimited.
	WriteTimeout time.Duration

	// Logger for logging client errors.
	//
	// By default standard logger from log package is used.
	Logger Logger
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

PipelineClient pipelines requests over a limited set of concurrent connections to the given Addr.

This client may be used in highly loaded HTTP-based RPC systems for reducing context switches and network level overhead. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HTTP_pipelining for details.

It is forbidden copying PipelineClient instances. Create new instances instead.

It is safe calling PipelineClient methods from concurrently running goroutines.

func (*PipelineClient) Do

func (c *PipelineClient) Do(req *Request, resp *Response) error

Do performs the given http request and sets the corresponding response.

Request must contain at least non-zero RequestURI with full url (including scheme and host) or non-zero Host header + RequestURI.

The function doesn't follow redirects. Use Get* for following redirects.

Response is ignored if resp is nil.

It is recommended obtaining req and resp via AcquireRequest and AcquireResponse in performance-critical code.

func (*PipelineClient) DoDeadline

func (c *PipelineClient) DoDeadline(req *Request, resp *Response, deadline time.Time) error

DoDeadline performs the given request and waits for response until the given deadline.

Request must contain at least non-zero RequestURI with full url (including scheme and host) or non-zero Host header + RequestURI.

The function doesn't follow redirects.

Response is ignored if resp is nil.

ErrTimeout is returned if the response wasn't returned until the given deadline.

It is recommended obtaining req and resp via AcquireRequest and AcquireResponse in performance-critical code.

func (*PipelineClient) DoTimeout

func (c *PipelineClient) DoTimeout(req *Request, resp *Response, timeout time.Duration) error

DoTimeout performs the given request and waits for response during the given timeout duration.

Request must contain at least non-zero RequestURI with full url (including scheme and host) or non-zero Host header + RequestURI.

The function doesn't follow redirects.

Response is ignored if resp is nil.

ErrTimeout is returned if the response wasn't returned during the given timeout.

It is recommended obtaining req and resp via AcquireRequest and AcquireResponse in performance-critical code.

Warning: DoTimeout does not terminate the request itself. The request will continue in the background and the response will be discarded. If requests take too long and the connection pool gets filled up please try setting a ReadTimeout.

func (*PipelineClient) PendingRequests

func (c *PipelineClient) PendingRequests() int

PendingRequests returns the current number of pending requests pipelined to the server.

This number may exceed MaxPendingRequests*MaxConns by up to two times, since each connection to the server may keep up to MaxPendingRequests requests in the queue before sending them to the server.

This function may be used for balancing load among multiple PipelineClient instances.

type Request

type Request struct {

	// Request header
	//
	// Copying Header by value is forbidden. Use pointer to Header instead.
	Header RequestHeader
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Request represents HTTP request.

It is forbidden copying Request instances. Create new instances and use CopyTo instead.

Request instance MUST NOT be used from concurrently running goroutines.

func AcquireRequest

func AcquireRequest() *Request

AcquireRequest returns an empty Request instance from request pool.

The returned Request instance may be passed to ReleaseRequest when it is no longer needed. This allows Request recycling, reduces GC pressure and usually improves performance.

func (*Request) AppendBody

func (req *Request) AppendBody(p []byte)

AppendBody appends p to request body.

It is safe re-using p after the function returns.

func (*Request) AppendBodyString

func (req *Request) AppendBodyString(s string)

AppendBodyString appends s to request body.

func (*Request) Body

func (req *Request) Body() []byte

Body returns request body.

The returned body is valid until the request modification.

func (*Request) BodyGunzip

func (req *Request) BodyGunzip() ([]byte, error)

BodyGunzip returns un-gzipped body data.

This method may be used if the request header contains 'Content-Encoding: gzip' for reading un-gzipped body. Use Body for reading gzipped request body.

func (*Request) BodyInflate

func (req *Request) BodyInflate() ([]byte, error)

BodyInflate returns inflated body data.

This method may be used if the response header contains 'Content-Encoding: deflate' for reading inflated request body. Use Body for reading deflated request body.

func (*Request) BodyUnbrotli

func (req *Request) BodyUnbrotli() ([]byte, error)

BodyUnbrotli returns un-brotlied body data.

This method may be used if the request header contains 'Content-Encoding: br' for reading un-brotlied body. Use Body for reading brotlied request body.

func (*Request) BodyWriteTo

func (req *Request) BodyWriteTo(w io.Writer) error

BodyWriteTo writes request body to w.

func (*Request) BodyWriter

func (req *Request) BodyWriter() io.Writer

BodyWriter returns writer for populating request body.

func (*Request) ConnectionClose

func (req *Request) ConnectionClose() bool

ConnectionClose returns true if 'Connection: close' header is set.

func (*Request) ContinueReadBody

func (req *Request) ContinueReadBody(r *bufio.Reader, maxBodySize int, preParseMultipartForm ...bool) error

ContinueReadBody reads request body if request header contains 'Expect: 100-continue'.

The caller must send StatusContinue response before calling this method.

If maxBodySize > 0 and the body size exceeds maxBodySize, then ErrBodyTooLarge is returned.

func (*Request) CopyTo

func (req *Request) CopyTo(dst *Request)

CopyTo copies req contents to dst except of body stream.

func (*Request) Host

func (req *Request) Host() []byte

Host returns the host for the given request.

func (*Request) IsBodyStream

func (req *Request) IsBodyStream() bool

IsBodyStream returns true if body is set via SetBodyStream*

func (*Request) MayContinue

func (req *Request) MayContinue() bool

MayContinue returns true if the request contains 'Expect: 100-continue' header.

The caller must do one of the following actions if MayContinue returns true:

- Either send StatusExpectationFailed response if request headers don't
  satisfy the caller.
- Or send StatusContinue response before reading request body
  with ContinueReadBody.
- Or close the connection.

func (*Request) MultipartForm

func (req *Request) MultipartForm() (*multipart.Form, error)

MultipartForm returns requests's multipart form.

Returns ErrNoMultipartForm if request's Content-Type isn't 'multipart/form-data'.

RemoveMultipartFormFiles must be called after returned multipart form is processed.

func (*Request) PostArgs

func (req *Request) PostArgs() *Args

PostArgs returns POST arguments.

func (*Request) Read

func (req *Request) Read(r *bufio.Reader) error

Read reads request (including body) from the given r.

RemoveMultipartFormFiles or Reset must be called after reading multipart/form-data request in order to delete temporarily uploaded files.

If MayContinue returns true, the caller must:

- Either send StatusExpectationFailed response if request headers don't
  satisfy the caller.
- Or send StatusContinue response before reading request body
  with ContinueReadBody.
- Or close the connection.

io.EOF is returned if r is closed before reading the first header byte.

func (*Request) ReadLimitBody

func (req *Request) ReadLimitBody(r *bufio.Reader, maxBodySize int) error

ReadLimitBody reads request from the given r, limiting the body size.

If maxBodySize > 0 and the body size exceeds maxBodySize, then ErrBodyTooLarge is returned.

RemoveMultipartFormFiles or Reset must be called after reading multipart/form-data request in order to delete temporarily uploaded files.

If MayContinue returns true, the caller must:

- Either send StatusExpectationFailed response if request headers don't
  satisfy the caller.
- Or send StatusContinue response before reading request body
  with ContinueReadBody.
- Or close the connection.

io.EOF is returned if r is closed before reading the first header byte.

func (*Request) ReleaseBody

func (req *Request) ReleaseBody(size int)

ReleaseBody retires the request body if it is greater than "size" bytes.

This permits GC to reclaim the large buffer. If used, must be before ReleaseRequest.

Use this method only if you really understand how it works. The majority of workloads don't need this method.

func (*Request) RemoveMultipartFormFiles

func (req *Request) RemoveMultipartFormFiles()

RemoveMultipartFormFiles removes multipart/form-data temporary files associated with the request.

func (*Request) RequestURI

func (req *Request) RequestURI() []byte

RequestURI returns request's URI.

func (*Request) Reset

func (req *Request) Reset()

Reset clears request contents.

func (*Request) ResetBody

func (req *Request) ResetBody()

ResetBody resets request body.

func (*Request) SetBody

func (req *Request) SetBody(body []byte)

SetBody sets request body.

It is safe re-using body argument after the function returns.

func (*Request) SetBodyStream

func (req *Request) SetBodyStream(bodyStream io.Reader, bodySize int)

SetBodyStream sets request body stream and, optionally body size.

If bodySize is >= 0, then the bodyStream must provide exactly bodySize bytes before returning io.EOF.

If bodySize < 0, then bodyStream is read until io.EOF.

bodyStream.Close() is called after finishing reading all body data if it implements io.Closer.

Note that GET and HEAD requests cannot have body.

See also SetBodyStreamWriter.

func (*Request) SetBodyStreamWriter

func (req *Request) SetBodyStreamWriter(sw StreamWriter)

SetBodyStreamWriter registers the given sw for populating request body.

This function may be used in the following cases:

* if request body is too big (more than 10MB).
* if request body is streamed from slow external sources.
* if request body must be streamed to the server in chunks
(aka `http client push` or `chunked transfer-encoding`).

Note that GET and HEAD requests cannot have body.

/ See also SetBodyStream.

func (*Request) SetBodyString

func (req *Request) SetBodyString(body string)

SetBodyString sets request body.

func (*Request) SetConnectionClose

func (req *Request) SetConnectionClose()

SetConnectionClose sets 'Connection: close' header.

func (*Request) SetHost

func (req *Request) SetHost(host string)

SetHost sets host for the request.

func (*Request) SetHostBytes

func (req *Request) SetHostBytes(host []byte)

SetHostBytes sets host for the request.

func (*Request) SetRequestURI

func (req *Request) SetRequestURI(requestURI string)

SetRequestURI sets RequestURI.

func (*Request) SetRequestURIBytes

func (req *Request) SetRequestURIBytes(requestURI []byte)

SetRequestURIBytes sets RequestURI.

func (*Request) String

func (req *Request) String() string

String returns request representation.

Returns error message instead of request representation on error.

Use Write instead of String for performance-critical code.

func (*Request) SwapBody

func (req *Request) SwapBody(body []byte) []byte

SwapBody swaps request body with the given body and returns the previous request body.

It is forbidden to use the body passed to SwapBody after the function returns.

func (*Request) URI

func (req *Request) URI() *URI

URI returns request URI

func (*Request) Write

func (req *Request) Write(w *bufio.Writer) error

Write writes request to w.

Write doesn't flush request to w for performance reasons.

See also WriteTo.

func (*Request) WriteTo

func (req *Request) WriteTo(w io.Writer) (int64, error)

WriteTo writes request to w. It implements io.WriterTo.

type RequestConfig

type RequestConfig struct {
	// ReadTimeout is the maximum duration for reading the entire
	// request body.
	// a zero value means that default values will be honored
	ReadTimeout time.Duration
	// WriteTimeout is the maximum duration before timing out
	// writes of the response.
	// a zero value means that default values will be honored
	WriteTimeout time.Duration
	// Maximum request body size.
	// a zero value means that default values will be honored
	MaxRequestBodySize int
}

RequestConfig configure the per request deadline and body limits

type RequestCtx

type RequestCtx struct {

	// Incoming request.
	//
	// Copying Request by value is forbidden. Use pointer to Request instead.
	Request Request

	// Outgoing response.
	//
	// Copying Response by value is forbidden. Use pointer to Response instead.
	Response Response
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

RequestCtx contains incoming request and manages outgoing response.

It is forbidden copying RequestCtx instances.

RequestHandler should avoid holding references to incoming RequestCtx and/or its' members after the return. If holding RequestCtx references after the return is unavoidable (for instance, ctx is passed to a separate goroutine and ctx lifetime cannot be controlled), then the RequestHandler MUST call ctx.TimeoutError() before return.

It is unsafe modifying/reading RequestCtx instance from concurrently running goroutines. The only exception is TimeoutError*, which may be called while other goroutines accessing RequestCtx.

func (*RequestCtx) Conn

func (ctx *RequestCtx) Conn() net.Conn

Conn returns a reference to the underlying net.Conn.

WARNING: Only use this method if you know what you are doing!

Reading from or writing to the returned connection will end badly!

func (*RequestCtx) ConnID

func (ctx *RequestCtx) ConnID() uint64

ConnID returns unique connection ID.

This ID may be used to match distinct requests to the same incoming connection.

func (*RequestCtx) ConnRequestNum

func (ctx *RequestCtx) ConnRequestNum() uint64

ConnRequestNum returns request sequence number for the current connection.

Sequence starts with 1.

func (*RequestCtx) ConnTime

func (ctx *RequestCtx) ConnTime() time.Time

ConnTime returns the time the server started serving the connection the current request came from.

func (*RequestCtx) Deadline

func (ctx *RequestCtx) Deadline() (deadline time.Time, ok bool)

Deadline returns the time when work done on behalf of this context should be canceled. Deadline returns ok==false when no deadline is set. Successive calls to Deadline return the same results.

This method always returns 0, false and is only present to make RequestCtx implement the context interface.

func (*RequestCtx) Done

func (ctx *RequestCtx) Done() <-chan struct{}

Done returns a channel that's closed when work done on behalf of this context should be canceled. Done may return nil if this context can never be canceled. Successive calls to Done return the same value.

func (*RequestCtx) Err

func (ctx *RequestCtx) Err() error

Err returns a non-nil error value after Done is closed, successive calls to Err return the same error. If Done is not yet closed, Err returns nil. If Done is closed, Err returns a non-nil error explaining why: Canceled if the context was canceled (via server Shutdown) or DeadlineExceeded if the context's deadline passed.

func (*RequestCtx) Error

func (ctx *RequestCtx) Error(msg string, statusCode int)

Error sets response status code to the given value and sets response body to the given message.

Warning: this will reset the response headers and body already set!

func (*RequestCtx) FormFile

func (ctx *RequestCtx) FormFile(key string) (*multipart.FileHeader, error)

FormFile returns uploaded file associated with the given multipart form key.

The file is automatically deleted after returning from RequestHandler, so either move or copy uploaded file into new place if you want retaining it.

Use SaveMultipartFile function for permanently saving uploaded file.

The returned file header is valid until returning from RequestHandler.

func (*RequestCtx) FormValue

func (ctx *RequestCtx) FormValue(key string) []byte

FormValue returns form value associated with the given key.

The value is searched in the following places:

* Query string.
* POST or PUT body.

There are more fine-grained methods for obtaining form values:

* QueryArgs for obtaining values from query string.
* PostArgs for obtaining values from POST or PUT body.
* MultipartForm for obtaining values from multipart form.
* FormFile for obtaining uploaded files.

The returned value is valid until returning from RequestHandler.

func (*RequestCtx) Hijack

func (ctx *RequestCtx) Hijack(handler HijackHandler)

Hijack registers the given handler for connection hijacking.

The handler is called after returning from RequestHandler and sending http response. The current connection is passed to the handler. The connection is automatically closed after returning from the handler.

The server skips calling the handler in the following cases:

* 'Connection: close' header exists in either request or response.
* Unexpected error during response writing to the connection.

The server stops processing requests from hijacked connections.

Server limits such as Concurrency, ReadTimeout, WriteTimeout, etc. aren't applied to hijacked connections.

The handler must not retain references to ctx members.

Arbitrary 'Connection: Upgrade' protocols may be implemented with HijackHandler. For instance,

* WebSocket ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WebSocket )
* HTTP/2.0 ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HTTP/2 )
Example

Code:

package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"github.com/valyala/fasthttp"
	"log"
	"net"
)

func main() {
	// hijackHandler is called on hijacked connection.
	hijackHandler := func(c net.Conn) {
		fmt.Fprintf(c, "This message is sent over a hijacked connection to the client %s\n", c.RemoteAddr())
		fmt.Fprintf(c, "Send me something and I'll echo it to you\n")
		var buf [1]byte
		for {
			if _, err := c.Read(buf[:]); err != nil {
				log.Printf("error when reading from hijacked connection: %s", err)
				return
			}
			fmt.Fprintf(c, "You sent me %q. Waiting for new data\n", buf[:])
		}
	}

	// requestHandler is called for each incoming request.
	requestHandler := func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx) {
		path := ctx.Path()
		switch {
		case string(path) == "/hijack":
			// Note that the connection is hijacked only after
			// returning from requestHandler and sending http response.
			ctx.Hijack(hijackHandler)

			// The connection will be hijacked after sending this response.
			fmt.Fprintf(ctx, "Hijacked the connection!")
		case string(path) == "/":
			fmt.Fprintf(ctx, "Root directory requested")
		default:
			fmt.Fprintf(ctx, "Requested path is %q", path)
		}
	}

	if err := fasthttp.ListenAndServe(":80", requestHandler); err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("error in ListenAndServe: %s", err)
	}
}

func (*RequestCtx) HijackSetNoResponse

func (ctx *RequestCtx) HijackSetNoResponse(noResponse bool)

HijackSetNoResponse changes the behavior of hijacking a request. If HijackSetNoResponse is called with false fasthttp will send a response to the client before calling the HijackHandler (default). If HijackSetNoResponse is called with true no response is send back before calling the HijackHandler supplied in the Hijack function.

func (*RequestCtx) Hijacked

func (ctx *RequestCtx) Hijacked() bool

Hijacked returns true after Hijack is called.

func (*RequestCtx) Host

func (ctx *RequestCtx) Host() []byte

Host returns requested host.

The host is valid until returning from RequestHandler.

func (*RequestCtx) ID

func (ctx *RequestCtx) ID() uint64

ID returns unique ID of the request.

func (*RequestCtx) IfModifiedSince

func (ctx *RequestCtx) IfModifiedSince(lastModified time.Time) bool

IfModifiedSince returns true if lastModified exceeds 'If-Modified-Since' value from the request header.

The function returns true also 'If-Modified-Since' request header is missing.

func (*RequestCtx) Init

func (ctx *RequestCtx) Init(req *Request, remoteAddr net.Addr, logger Logger)

Init prepares ctx for passing to RequestHandler.

remoteAddr and logger are optional. They are used by RequestCtx.Logger().

This function is intended for custom Server implementations.

func (*RequestCtx) Init2

func (ctx *RequestCtx) Init2(conn net.Conn, logger Logger, reduceMemoryUsage bool)

Init2 prepares ctx for passing to RequestHandler.

conn is used only for determining local and remote addresses.

This function is intended for custom Server implementations. See https://github.com/valyala/httpteleport for details.

func (*RequestCtx) IsBodyStream

func (ctx *RequestCtx) IsBodyStream() bool

IsBodyStream returns true if response body is set via SetBodyStream*.

func (*RequestCtx) IsConnect

func (ctx *RequestCtx) IsConnect() bool

IsConnect returns true if request method is CONNECT.

func (*RequestCtx) IsDelete

func (ctx *RequestCtx) IsDelete() bool

IsDelete returns true if request method is DELETE.

func (*RequestCtx) IsGet

func (ctx *RequestCtx) IsGet() bool

IsGet returns true if request method is GET.

func (*RequestCtx) IsHead

func (ctx *RequestCtx) IsHead() bool

IsHead returns true if request method is HEAD.

func (*RequestCtx) IsOptions

func (ctx *RequestCtx) IsOptions() bool

IsOptions returns true if request method is OPTIONS.

func (*RequestCtx) IsPatch

func (ctx *RequestCtx) IsPatch() bool

IsPatch returns true if request method is PATCH.

func (*RequestCtx) IsPost

func (ctx *RequestCtx) IsPost() bool

IsPost returns true if request method is POST.

func (*RequestCtx) IsPut

func (ctx *RequestCtx) IsPut() bool

IsPut returns true if request method is PUT.

func (*RequestCtx) IsTLS

func (ctx *RequestCtx) IsTLS() bool

IsTLS returns true if the underlying connection is tls.Conn.

tls.Conn is an encrypted connection (aka SSL, HTTPS).

func (*RequestCtx) IsTrace

func (ctx *RequestCtx) IsTrace() bool

IsTrace returns true if request method is TRACE.

func (*RequestCtx) LastTimeoutErrorResponse

func (ctx *RequestCtx) LastTimeoutErrorResponse() *Response

LastTimeoutErrorResponse returns the last timeout response set via TimeoutError* call.

This function is intended for custom server implementations.

func (*RequestCtx) LocalAddr

func (ctx *RequestCtx) LocalAddr() net.Addr

LocalAddr returns server address for the given request.

Always returns non-nil result.

func (*RequestCtx) LocalIP

func (ctx *RequestCtx) LocalIP() net.IP

LocalIP returns the server ip the request came to.

Always returns non-nil result.

func (*RequestCtx) Logger

func (ctx *RequestCtx) Logger() Logger

Logger returns logger, which may be used for logging arbitrary request-specific messages inside RequestHandler.

Each message logged via returned logger contains request-specific information such as request id, request duration, local address, remote address, request method and request url.

It is safe re-using returned logger for logging multiple messages for the current request.

The returned logger is valid until returning from RequestHandler.

Example

Code:

package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"github.com/valyala/fasthttp"
	"log"
)

func main() {
	requestHandler := func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx) {
		if string(ctx.Path()) == "/top-secret" {
			ctx.Logger().Printf("Alarm! Alien intrusion detected!")
			ctx.Error("Access denied!", fasthttp.StatusForbidden)
			return
		}

		// Logger may be cached in local variables.
		logger := ctx.Logger()

		logger.Printf("Good request from User-Agent %q", ctx.Request.Header.UserAgent())
		fmt.Fprintf(ctx, "Good request to %q", ctx.Path())
		logger.Printf("Multiple log messages may be written during a single request")
	}

	if err := fasthttp.ListenAndServe(":80", requestHandler); err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("error in ListenAndServe: %s", err)
	}
}

func (*RequestCtx) Method

func (ctx *RequestCtx) Method() []byte

Method return request method.

Returned value is valid until returning from RequestHandler.

func (*RequestCtx) MultipartForm

func (ctx *RequestCtx) MultipartForm() (*multipart.Form, error)

MultipartForm returns requests's multipart form.

Returns ErrNoMultipartForm if request's content-type isn't 'multipart/form-data'.

All uploaded temporary files are automatically deleted after returning from RequestHandler. Either move or copy uploaded files into new place if you want retaining them.

Use SaveMultipartFile function for permanently saving uploaded file.

The returned form is valid until returning from RequestHandler.

See also FormFile and FormValue.

func (*RequestCtx) NotFound

func (ctx *RequestCtx) NotFound()

NotFound resets response and sets '404 Not Found' response status code.

func (*RequestCtx) NotModified

func (ctx *RequestCtx) NotModified()

NotModified resets response and sets '304 Not Modified' response status code.

func (*RequestCtx) Path

func (ctx *RequestCtx) Path() []byte

Path returns requested path.

The path is valid until returning from RequestHandler.

func (*RequestCtx) PostArgs

func (ctx *RequestCtx) PostArgs() *Args

PostArgs returns POST arguments.

It doesn't return query arguments from RequestURI - use QueryArgs for this.

Returned arguments are valid until returning from RequestHandler.

See also QueryArgs, FormValue and FormFile.

func (*RequestCtx) PostBody

func (ctx *RequestCtx) PostBody() []byte

PostBody returns POST request body.

The returned value is valid until RequestHandler return.

func (*RequestCtx) QueryArgs

func (ctx *RequestCtx) QueryArgs() *Args

QueryArgs returns query arguments from RequestURI.

It doesn't return POST'ed arguments - use PostArgs() for this.

Returned arguments are valid until returning from RequestHandler.

See also PostArgs, FormValue and FormFile.

func (*RequestCtx) Redirect

func (ctx *RequestCtx) Redirect(uri string, statusCode int)

Redirect sets 'Location: uri' response header and sets the given statusCode.

statusCode must have one of the following values:

* StatusMovedPermanently (301)
* StatusFound (302)
* StatusSeeOther (303)
* StatusTemporaryRedirect (307)
* StatusPermanentRedirect (308)

All other statusCode values are replaced by StatusFound (302).

The redirect uri may be either absolute or relative to the current request uri. Fasthttp will always send an absolute uri back to the client. To send a relative uri you can use the following code:

strLocation = []byte("Location") // Put this with your top level var () declarations.
ctx.Response.Header.SetCanonical(strLocation, "/relative?uri")
ctx.Response.SetStatusCode(fasthttp.StatusMovedPermanently)

func (*RequestCtx) RedirectBytes

func (ctx *RequestCtx) RedirectBytes(uri []byte, statusCode int)

RedirectBytes sets 'Location: uri' response header and sets the given statusCode.

statusCode must have one of the following values:

* StatusMovedPermanently (301)
* StatusFound (302)
* StatusSeeOther (303)
* StatusTemporaryRedirect (307)
* StatusPermanentRedirect (308)

All other statusCode values are replaced by StatusFound (302).

The redirect uri may be either absolute or relative to the current request uri. Fasthttp will always send an absolute uri back to the client. To send a relative uri you can use the following code:

strLocation = []byte("Location") // Put this with your top level var () declarations.
ctx.Response.Header.SetCanonical(strLocation, "/relative?uri")
ctx.Response.SetStatusCode(fasthttp.StatusMovedPermanently)

func (*RequestCtx) Referer

func (ctx *RequestCtx) Referer() []byte

Referer returns request referer.

The referer is valid until returning from RequestHandler.

func (*RequestCtx) RemoteAddr

func (ctx *RequestCtx) RemoteAddr() net.Addr

RemoteAddr returns client address for the given request.

Always returns non-nil result.

func (*RequestCtx) RemoteIP

func (ctx *RequestCtx) RemoteIP() net.IP

RemoteIP returns the client ip the request came from.

Always returns non-nil result.

func (*RequestCtx) RequestURI

func (ctx *RequestCtx) RequestURI() []byte

RequestURI returns RequestURI.

This uri is valid until returning from RequestHandler.

func (*RequestCtx) ResetBody

func (ctx *RequestCtx) ResetBody()

ResetBody resets response body contents.

func (*RequestCtx) SendFile

func (ctx *RequestCtx) SendFile(path string)

SendFile sends local file contents from the given path as response body.

This is a shortcut to ServeFile(ctx, path).

SendFile logs all the errors via ctx.Logger.

See also ServeFile, FSHandler and FS.

func (*RequestCtx) SendFileBytes

func (ctx *RequestCtx) SendFileBytes(path []byte)

SendFileBytes sends local file contents from the given path as response body.

This is a shortcut to ServeFileBytes(ctx, path).

SendFileBytes logs all the errors via ctx.Logger.

See also ServeFileBytes, FSHandler and FS.

func (*RequestCtx) SetBody

func (ctx *RequestCtx) SetBody(body []byte)

SetBody sets response body to the given value.

It is safe re-using body argument after the function returns.

func (*RequestCtx) SetBodyStream

func (ctx *RequestCtx) SetBodyStream(bodyStream io.Reader, bodySize int)

SetBodyStream sets response body stream and, optionally body size.

bodyStream.Close() is called after finishing reading all body data if it implements io.Closer.

If bodySize is >= 0, then bodySize bytes must be provided by bodyStream before returning io.EOF.

If bodySize < 0, then bodyStream is read until io.EOF.

See also SetBodyStreamWriter.

func (*RequestCtx) SetBodyStreamWriter

func (ctx *RequestCtx) SetBodyStreamWriter(sw StreamWriter)

SetBodyStreamWriter registers the given stream writer for populating response body.

Access to RequestCtx and/or its' members is forbidden from sw.

This function may be used in the following cases:

* if response body is too big (more than 10MB).
* if response body is streamed from slow external sources.
* if response body must be streamed to the client in chunks.
(aka `http server push`).
Example

Code:

package main

import (
	"bufio"
	"fmt"
	"log"
	"time"

	"github.com/valyala/fasthttp"
)

func main() {
	// Start fasthttp server for streaming responses.
	if err := fasthttp.ListenAndServe(":8080", responseStreamHandler); err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("unexpected error in server: %s", err)
	}
}

func responseStreamHandler(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx) {
	// Send the response in chunks and wait for a second between each chunk.
	ctx.SetBodyStreamWriter(func(w *bufio.Writer) {
		for i := 0; i < 10; i++ {
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "this is a message number %d", i)

			// Do not forget flushing streamed data to the client.
			if err := w.Flush(); err != nil {
				return
			}
			time.Sleep(time.Second)
		}
	})
}

func (*RequestCtx) SetBodyString

func (ctx *RequestCtx) SetBodyString(body string)

SetBodyString sets response body to the given value.

func (*RequestCtx) SetConnectionClose

func (ctx *RequestCtx) SetConnectionClose()

SetConnectionClose sets 'Connection: close' response header and closes connection after the RequestHandler returns.

func (*RequestCtx) SetContentType

func (ctx *RequestCtx) SetContentType(contentType string)

SetContentType sets response Content-Type.

func (*RequestCtx) SetContentTypeBytes

func (ctx *RequestCtx) SetContentTypeBytes(contentType []byte)

SetContentTypeBytes sets response Content-Type.

It is safe modifying contentType buffer after function return.

func (*RequestCtx) SetStatusCode

func (ctx *RequestCtx) SetStatusCode(statusCode int)

SetStatusCode sets response status code.

func (*RequestCtx) SetUserValue

func (ctx *RequestCtx) SetUserValue(key string, value interface{})

SetUserValue stores the given value (arbitrary object) under the given key in ctx.

The value stored in ctx may be obtained by UserValue*.

This functionality may be useful for passing arbitrary values between functions involved in request processing.

All the values are removed from ctx after returning from the top RequestHandler. Additionally, Close method is called on each value implementing io.Closer before removing the value from ctx.

func (*RequestCtx) SetUserValueBytes

func (ctx *RequestCtx) SetUserValueBytes(key []byte, value interface{})

SetUserValueBytes stores the given value (arbitrary object) under the given key in ctx.

The value stored in ctx may be obtained by UserValue*.

This functionality may be useful for passing arbitrary values between functions involved in request processing.

All the values stored in ctx are deleted after returning from RequestHandler.

func (*RequestCtx) String

func (ctx *RequestCtx) String() string

String returns unique string representation of the ctx.

The returned value may be useful for logging.

func (*RequestCtx) Success

func (ctx *RequestCtx) Success(contentType string, body []byte)

Success sets response Content-Type and body to the given values.

func (*RequestCtx) SuccessString

func (ctx *RequestCtx) SuccessString(contentType, body string)

SuccessString sets response Content-Type and body to the given values.

func (*RequestCtx) TLSConnectionState

func (ctx *RequestCtx) TLSConnectionState() *tls.ConnectionState

TLSConnectionState returns TLS connection state.

The function returns nil if the underlying connection isn't tls.Conn.

The returned state may be used for verifying TLS version, client certificates, etc.

func (*RequestCtx) Time

func (ctx *RequestCtx) Time() time.Time

Time returns RequestHandler call time.

func (*RequestCtx) TimeoutError

func (ctx *RequestCtx) TimeoutError(msg string)

TimeoutError sets response status code to StatusRequestTimeout and sets body to the given msg.

All response modifications after TimeoutError call are ignored.

TimeoutError MUST be called before returning from RequestHandler if there are references to ctx and/or its members in other goroutines remain.

Usage of this function is discouraged. Prefer eliminating ctx references from pending goroutines instead of using this function.

Example

Code:

package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"github.com/valyala/fasthttp"
	"log"
	"math/rand"
	"time"
)

func main() {
	requestHandler := func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx) {
		// Emulate long-running task, which touches ctx.
		doneCh := make(chan struct{})
		go func() {
			workDuration := time.Millisecond * time.Duration(rand.Intn(2000))
			time.Sleep(workDuration)

			fmt.Fprintf(ctx, "ctx has been accessed by long-running task\n")
			fmt.Fprintf(ctx, "The reuqestHandler may be finished by this time.\n")

			close(doneCh)
		}()

		select {
		case <-doneCh:
			fmt.Fprintf(ctx, "The task has been finished in less than a second")
		case <-time.After(time.Second):
			// Since the long-running task is still running and may access ctx,
			// we must call TimeoutError before returning from requestHandler.
			//
			// Otherwise the program will suffer from data races.
			ctx.TimeoutError("Timeout!")
		}
	}

	if err := fasthttp.ListenAndServe(":80", requestHandler); err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("error in ListenAndServe: %s", err)
	}
}

func (*RequestCtx) TimeoutErrorWithCode

func (ctx *RequestCtx) TimeoutErrorWithCode(msg string, statusCode int)

TimeoutErrorWithCode sets response body to msg and response status code to statusCode.

All response modifications after TimeoutErrorWithCode call are ignored.

TimeoutErrorWithCode MUST be called before returning from RequestHandler if there are references to ctx and/or its members in other goroutines remain.

Usage of this function is discouraged. Prefer eliminating ctx references from pending goroutines instead of using this function.

func (*RequestCtx) TimeoutErrorWithResponse

func (ctx *RequestCtx) TimeoutErrorWithResponse(resp *Response)

TimeoutErrorWithResponse marks the ctx as timed out and sends the given response to the client.

All ctx modifications after TimeoutErrorWithResponse call are ignored.

TimeoutErrorWithResponse MUST be called before returning from RequestHandler if there are references to ctx and/or its members in other goroutines remain.

Usage of this function is discouraged. Prefer eliminating ctx references from pending goroutines instead of using this function.

func (*RequestCtx) URI

func (ctx *RequestCtx) URI() *URI

URI returns requested uri.

The uri is valid until returning from RequestHandler.

func (*RequestCtx) UserAgent

func (ctx *RequestCtx) UserAgent() []byte

UserAgent returns User-Agent header value from the request.

func (*RequestCtx) UserValue

func (ctx *RequestCtx) UserValue(key string) interface{}

UserValue returns the value stored via SetUserValue* under the given key.

func (*RequestCtx) UserValueBytes

func (ctx *RequestCtx) UserValueBytes(key []byte) interface{}

UserValueBytes returns the value stored via SetUserValue* under the given key.

func (*RequestCtx) Value

func (ctx *RequestCtx) Value(key interface{}) interface{}

Value returns the value associated with this context for key, or nil if no value is associated with key. Successive calls to Value with the same key returns the same result.

This method is present to make RequestCtx implement the context interface. This method is the same as calling ctx.UserValue(key)

func (*RequestCtx) VisitUserValues

func (ctx *RequestCtx) VisitUserValues(visitor func([]byte, interface{}))

VisitUserValues calls visitor for each existing userValue.

visitor must not retain references to key and value after returning. Make key and/or value copies if you need storing them after returning.

func (*RequestCtx) Write

func (ctx *RequestCtx) Write(p []byte) (int, error)

Write writes p into response body.

func (*RequestCtx) WriteString

func (ctx *RequestCtx) WriteString(s string) (int, error)

WriteString appends s to response body.

type RequestHandler

type RequestHandler func(ctx *RequestCtx)

RequestHandler must process incoming requests.

RequestHandler must call ctx.TimeoutError() before returning if it keeps references to ctx and/or its' members after the return. Consider wrapping RequestHandler into TimeoutHandler if response time must be limited.

func CompressHandler

func CompressHandler(h RequestHandler) RequestHandler

CompressHandler returns RequestHandler that transparently compresses response body generated by h if the request contains 'gzip' or 'deflate' 'Accept-Encoding' header.

func CompressHandlerBrotliLevel

func CompressHandlerBrotliLevel(h RequestHandler, brotliLevel, otherLevel int) RequestHandler

CompressHandlerBrotliLevel returns RequestHandler that transparently compresses response body generated by h if the request contains a 'br', 'gzip' or 'deflate' 'Accept-Encoding' header.

brotliLevel is the desired compression level for brotli.

* CompressBrotliNoCompression
* CompressBrotliBestSpeed
* CompressBrotliBestCompression
* CompressBrotliDefaultCompression

otherLevel is the desired compression level for gzip and deflate.

* CompressNoCompression
* CompressBestSpeed
* CompressBestCompression
* CompressDefaultCompression
* CompressHuffmanOnly

func CompressHandlerLevel

func CompressHandlerLevel(h RequestHandler, level int) RequestHandler

CompressHandlerLevel returns RequestHandler that transparently compresses response body generated by h if the request contains a 'gzip' or 'deflate' 'Accept-Encoding' header.

Level is the desired compression level:

* CompressNoCompression
* CompressBestSpeed
* CompressBestCompression
* CompressDefaultCompression
* CompressHuffmanOnly

func FSHandler

func FSHandler(root string, stripSlashes int) RequestHandler

FSHandler returns request handler serving static files from the given root folder.

stripSlashes indicates how many leading slashes must be stripped from requested path before searching requested file in the root folder. Examples:

* stripSlashes = 0, original path: "/foo/bar", result: "/foo/bar"
* stripSlashes = 1, original path: "/foo/bar", result: "/bar"
* stripSlashes = 2, original path: "/foo/bar", result: ""

The returned request handler automatically generates index pages for directories without index.html.

The returned handler caches requested file handles for FSHandlerCacheDuration. Make sure your program has enough 'max open files' limit aka 'ulimit -n' if root folder contains many files.

Do not create multiple request handler instances for the same (root, stripSlashes) arguments - just reuse a single instance. Otherwise goroutine leak will occur.

Example

Code:

package main

import (
	"bytes"
	"log"

	"github.com/valyala/fasthttp"
)

// Setup file handlers (aka 'file server config')
var (
	// Handler for serving images from /img/ path,
	// i.e. /img/foo/bar.jpg will be served from
	// /var/www/images/foo/bar.jpb .
	imgPrefix  = []byte("/img/")
	imgHandler = fasthttp.FSHandler("/var/www/images", 1)

	// Handler for serving css from /static/css/ path,
	// i.e. /static/css/foo/bar.css will be served from
	// /home/dev/css/foo/bar.css .
	cssPrefix  = []byte("/static/css/")
	cssHandler = fasthttp.FSHandler("/home/dev/css", 2)

	// Handler for serving the rest of requests,
	// i.e. /foo/bar/baz.html will be served from
	// /var/www/files/foo/bar/baz.html .
	filesHandler = fasthttp.FSHandler("/var/www/files", 0)
)

// Main request handler
func requestHandler(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx) {
	path := ctx.Path()
	switch {
	case bytes.HasPrefix(path, imgPrefix):
		imgHandler(ctx)
	case bytes.HasPrefix(path, cssPrefix):
		cssHandler(ctx)
	default:
		filesHandler(ctx)
	}
}

func main() {
	if err := fasthttp.ListenAndServe(":80", requestHandler); err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Error in server: %s", err)
	}
}

func TimeoutHandler

func TimeoutHandler(h RequestHandler, timeout time.Duration, msg string) RequestHandler

TimeoutHandler creates RequestHandler, which returns StatusRequestTimeout error with the given msg to the client if h didn't return during the given duration.

The returned handler may return StatusTooManyRequests error with the given msg to the client if there are more than Server.Concurrency concurrent handlers h are running at the moment.

func TimeoutWithCodeHandler

func TimeoutWithCodeHandler(h RequestHandler, timeout time.Duration, msg string, statusCode int) RequestHandler

TimeoutWithCodeHandler creates RequestHandler, which returns an error with the given msg and status code to the client if h didn't return during the given duration.

The returned handler may return StatusTooManyRequests error with the given msg to the client if there are more than Server.Concurrency concurrent handlers h are running at the moment.

type RequestHeader

type RequestHeader struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

RequestHeader represents HTTP request header.

It is forbidden copying RequestHeader instances. Create new instances instead and use CopyTo.

RequestHeader instance MUST NOT be used from concurrently running goroutines.

func (*RequestHeader) Add

func (h *RequestHeader) Add(key, value string)

Add adds the given 'key: value' header.

Multiple headers with the same key may be added with this function. Use Set for setting a single header for the given key.

func (*RequestHeader) AddBytesK

func (h *RequestHeader) AddBytesK(key []byte, value string)

AddBytesK adds the given 'key: value' header.

Multiple headers with the same key may be added with this function. Use SetBytesK for setting a single header for the given key.

func (*RequestHeader) AddBytesKV

func (h *RequestHeader) AddBytesKV(key, value []byte)

AddBytesKV adds the given 'key: value' header.

Multiple headers with the same key may be added with this function. Use SetBytesKV for setting a single header for the given key.

func (*RequestHeader) AddBytesV

func (h *RequestHeader) AddBytesV(key string, value []byte)

AddBytesV adds the given 'key: value' header.

Multiple headers with the same key may be added with this function. Use SetBytesV for setting a single header for the given key.

func (*RequestHeader) AppendBytes

func (h *RequestHeader) AppendBytes(dst []byte) []byte

AppendBytes appends request header representation to dst and returns the extended dst.

func (*RequestHeader) ConnectionClose

func (h *RequestHeader) ConnectionClose() bool

ConnectionClose returns true if 'Connection: close' header is set.

func (*RequestHeader) ConnectionUpgrade

func (h *RequestHeader) ConnectionUpgrade() bool

ConnectionUpgrade returns true if 'Connection: Upgrade' header is set.

func (*RequestHeader) ContentLength

func (h *RequestHeader) ContentLength() int

ContentLength returns Content-Length header value.

It may be negative: -1 means Transfer-Encoding: chunked.

func (*RequestHeader) ContentType

func (h *RequestHeader) ContentType() []byte

ContentType returns Content-Type header value.

func (*RequestHeader) Cookie

func (h *RequestHeader) Cookie(key string) []byte

Cookie returns cookie for the given key.

func (*RequestHeader) CookieBytes

func (h *RequestHeader) CookieBytes(key []byte) []byte

CookieBytes returns cookie for the given key.

func (*RequestHeader) CopyTo

func (h *RequestHeader) CopyTo(dst *RequestHeader)

CopyTo copies all the headers to dst.

func (*RequestHeader) Del

func (h *RequestHeader) Del(key string)

Del deletes header with the given key.

func (*RequestHeader) DelAllCookies

func (h *RequestHeader) DelAllCookies()

DelAllCookies removes all the cookies from request headers.

func (*RequestHeader) DelBytes

func (h *RequestHeader) DelBytes(key []byte)

DelBytes deletes header with the given key.

func (*RequestHeader) DelCookie

func (h *RequestHeader) DelCookie(key string)

DelCookie removes cookie under the given key.

func (*RequestHeader) DelCookieBytes

func (h *RequestHeader) DelCookieBytes(key []byte)

DelCookieBytes removes cookie under the given key.

func (*RequestHeader) DisableNormalizing

func (h *RequestHeader) DisableNormalizing()

DisableNormalizing disables header names' normalization.

By default all the header names are normalized by uppercasing the first letter and all the first letters following dashes, while lowercasing all the other letters. Examples:

* CONNECTION -> Connection
* conteNT-tYPE -> Content-Type
* foo-bar-baz -> Foo-Bar-Baz

Disable header names' normalization only if know what are you doing.

func (*RequestHeader) EnableNormalizing

func (h *RequestHeader) EnableNormalizing()

EnableNormalizing enables header names' normalization.

Header names are normalized by uppercasing the first letter and all the first letters following dashes, while lowercasing all the other letters. Examples:

* CONNECTION -> Connection
* conteNT-tYPE -> Content-Type
* foo-bar-baz -> Foo-Bar-Baz

This is enabled by default unless disabled using DisableNormalizing()

func (*RequestHeader) HasAcceptEncoding

func (h *RequestHeader) HasAcceptEncoding(acceptEncoding string) bool

HasAcceptEncoding returns true if the header contains the given Accept-Encoding value.

func (*RequestHeader) HasAcceptEncodingBytes

func (h *RequestHeader) HasAcceptEncodingBytes(acceptEncoding []byte) bool

HasAcceptEncodingBytes returns true if the header contains the given Accept-Encoding value.

func (*RequestHeader) Header

func (h *RequestHeader) Header() []byte

Header returns request header representation.

The returned representation is valid until the next call to RequestHeader methods.

func (*RequestHeader) Host

func (h *RequestHeader) Host() []byte

Host returns Host header value.

func (*RequestHeader) IsConnect

func (h *RequestHeader) IsConnect() bool

IsConnect returns true if request method is CONNECT.

func (*RequestHeader) IsDelete

func (h *RequestHeader) IsDelete() bool

IsDelete returns true if request method is DELETE.

func (*RequestHeader) IsGet

func (h *RequestHeader) IsGet() bool

IsGet returns true if request method is GET.

func (*RequestHeader) IsHTTP11

func (h *RequestHeader) IsHTTP11() bool

IsHTTP11 returns true if the request is HTTP/1.1.

func (*RequestHeader) IsHead

func (h *RequestHeader) IsHead() bool

IsHead returns true if request method is HEAD.

func (*RequestHeader) IsOptions

func (h *RequestHeader) IsOptions() bool

IsOptions returns true if request method is OPTIONS.

func (*RequestHeader) IsPatch

func (h *RequestHeader) IsPatch() bool

IsPatch returns true if request method is PATCH.

func (*RequestHeader) IsPost

func (h *RequestHeader) IsPost() bool

IsPost returns true if request method is POST.

func (*RequestHeader) IsPut

func (h *RequestHeader) IsPut() bool

IsPut returns true if request method is PUT.

func (*RequestHeader) IsTrace

func (h *RequestHeader) IsTrace() bool

IsTrace returns true if request method is TRACE.

func (*RequestHeader) Len

func (h *RequestHeader) Len() int

Len returns the number of headers set, i.e. the number of times f is called in VisitAll.

func (*RequestHeader) Method

func (h *RequestHeader) Method() []byte

Method returns HTTP request method.

func (*RequestHeader) MultipartFormBoundary

func (h *RequestHeader) MultipartFormBoundary() []byte

MultipartFormBoundary returns boundary part from 'multipart/form-data; boundary=...' Content-Type.

func (*RequestHeader) Peek

func (h *RequestHeader) Peek(key string) []byte

Peek returns header value for the given key.

Returned value is valid until the next call to RequestHeader. Do not store references to returned value. Make copies instead.

func (*RequestHeader) PeekBytes

func (h *RequestHeader) PeekBytes(key []byte) []byte

PeekBytes returns header value for the given key.

Returned value is valid until the next call to RequestHeader. Do not store references to returned value. Make copies instead.

func (*RequestHeader) RawHeaders

func (h *RequestHeader) RawHeaders() []byte

RawHeaders returns raw header key/value bytes.

Depending on server configuration, header keys may be normalized to capital-case in place.

This copy is set aside during parsing, so empty slice is returned for all cases where parsing did not happen. Similarly, request line is not stored during parsing and can not be returned.

The slice is not safe to use after the handler returns.

func (*RequestHeader) Read

func (h *RequestHeader) Read(r *bufio.Reader) error

Read reads request header from r.

io.EOF is returned if r is closed before reading the first header byte.

func (*RequestHeader) Referer

func (h *RequestHeader) Referer() []byte

Referer returns Referer header value.

func (*RequestHeader) RequestURI

func (h *RequestHeader) RequestURI() []byte

RequestURI returns RequestURI from the first HTTP request line.

func (*RequestHeader) Reset

func (h *RequestHeader) Reset()

Reset clears request header.

func (*RequestHeader) ResetConnectionClose

func (h *RequestHeader) ResetConnectionClose()

ResetConnectionClose clears 'Connection: close' header if it exists.

func (*RequestHeader) Set

func (h *RequestHeader) Set(key, value string)

Set sets the given 'key: value' header.

Use Add for setting multiple header values under the same key.

func (*RequestHeader) SetByteRange

func (h *RequestHeader) SetByteRange(startPos, endPos int)

SetByteRange sets 'Range: bytes=startPos-endPos' header.

* If startPos is negative, then 'bytes=-startPos' value is set.
* If endPos is negative, then 'bytes=startPos-' value is set.

func (*RequestHeader) SetBytesK

func (h *RequestHeader) SetBytesK(key []byte, value string)

SetBytesK sets the given 'key: value' header.

Use AddBytesK for setting multiple header values under the same key.

func (*RequestHeader) SetBytesKV

func (h *RequestHeader) SetBytesKV(key, value []byte)

SetBytesKV sets the given 'key: value' header.

Use AddBytesKV for setting multiple header values under the same key.

func (*RequestHeader) SetBytesV

func (h *RequestHeader) SetBytesV(key string, value []byte)

SetBytesV sets the given 'key: value' header.

Use AddBytesV for setting multiple header values under the same key.

func (*RequestHeader) SetCanonical

func (h *RequestHeader) SetCanonical(key, value []byte)

SetCanonical sets the given 'key: value' header assuming that key is in canonical form.

func (*RequestHeader) SetConnectionClose

func (h *RequestHeader) SetConnectionClose()

SetConnectionClose sets 'Connection: close' header.

func (*RequestHeader) SetContentLength

func (h *RequestHeader) SetContentLength(contentLength int)

SetContentLength sets Content-Length header value.

Negative content-length sets 'Transfer-Encoding: chunked' header.

func (*RequestHeader) SetContentType

func (h *RequestHeader) SetContentType(contentType string)

SetContentType sets Content-Type header value.

func (*RequestHeader) SetContentTypeBytes

func (h *RequestHeader) SetContentTypeBytes(contentType []byte)

SetContentTypeBytes sets Content-Type header value.

func (*RequestHeader) SetCookie

func (h *RequestHeader) SetCookie(key, value string)

SetCookie sets 'key: value' cookies.

func (*RequestHeader) SetCookieBytesK

func (h *RequestHeader) SetCookieBytesK(key []byte, value string)

SetCookieBytesK sets 'key: value' cookies.

func (*RequestHeader) SetCookieBytesKV

func (h *RequestHeader) SetCookieBytesKV(key, value []byte)

SetCookieBytesKV sets 'key: value' cookies.

func (*RequestHeader) SetHost

func (h *RequestHeader) SetHost(host string)

SetHost sets Host header value.

func (*RequestHeader) SetHostBytes

func (h *RequestHeader) SetHostBytes(host []byte)

SetHostBytes sets Host header value.

func (*RequestHeader) SetMethod

func (h *RequestHeader) SetMethod(method string)

SetMethod sets HTTP request method.

func (*RequestHeader) SetMethodBytes

func (h *RequestHeader) SetMethodBytes(method []byte)

SetMethodBytes sets HTTP request method.

func (*RequestHeader) SetMultipartFormBoundary

func (h *RequestHeader) SetMultipartFormBoundary(boundary string)

SetMultipartFormBoundary sets the following Content-Type: 'multipart/form-data; boundary=...' where ... is substituted by the given boundary.

func (*RequestHeader) SetMultipartFormBoundaryBytes

func (h *RequestHeader) SetMultipartFormBoundaryBytes(boundary []byte)

SetMultipartFormBoundaryBytes sets the following Content-Type: 'multipart/form-data; boundary=...' where ... is substituted by the given boundary.

func (*RequestHeader) SetReferer

func (h *RequestHeader) SetReferer(referer string)

SetReferer sets Referer header value.

func (*RequestHeader) SetRefererBytes

func (h *RequestHeader) SetRefererBytes(referer []byte)

SetRefererBytes sets Referer header value.

func (*RequestHeader) SetRequestURI

func (h *RequestHeader) SetRequestURI(requestURI string)

SetRequestURI sets RequestURI for the first HTTP request line. RequestURI must be properly encoded. Use URI.RequestURI for constructing proper RequestURI if unsure.

func (*RequestHeader) SetRequestURIBytes

func (h *RequestHeader) SetRequestURIBytes(requestURI []byte)

SetRequestURIBytes sets RequestURI for the first HTTP request line. RequestURI must be properly encoded. Use URI.RequestURI for constructing proper RequestURI if unsure.

func (*RequestHeader) SetUserAgent

func (h *RequestHeader) SetUserAgent(userAgent string)

SetUserAgent sets User-Agent header value.

func (*RequestHeader) SetUserAgentBytes

func (h *RequestHeader) SetUserAgentBytes(userAgent []byte)

SetUserAgentBytes sets User-Agent header value.

func (*RequestHeader) String

func (h *RequestHeader) String() string

String returns request header representation.

func (*RequestHeader) UserAgent

func (h *RequestHeader) UserAgent() []byte

UserAgent returns User-Agent header value.

func (*RequestHeader) VisitAll

func (h *RequestHeader) VisitAll(f func(key, value []byte))

VisitAll calls f for each header.

f must not retain references to key and/or value after returning. Copy key and/or value contents before returning if you need retaining them.

To get the headers in order they were received use VisitAllInOrder.

func (*RequestHeader) VisitAllCookie

func (h *RequestHeader) VisitAllCookie(f func(key, value []byte))

VisitAllCookie calls f for each request cookie.

f must not retain references to key and/or value after returning.

func (*RequestHeader) VisitAllInOrder

func (h *RequestHeader) VisitAllInOrder(f func(key, value []byte))

VisitAllInOrder calls f for each header in the order they were received.

f must not retain references to key and/or value after returning. Copy key and/or value contents before returning if you need retaining them.

This function is slightly slower than VisitAll because it has to reparse the raw headers to get the order.

func (*RequestHeader) Write

func (h *RequestHeader) Write(w *bufio.Writer) error

Write writes request header to w.

func (*RequestHeader) WriteTo

func (h *RequestHeader) WriteTo(w io.Writer) (int64, error)

WriteTo writes request header to w.

WriteTo implements io.WriterTo interface.

type Resolver

type Resolver interface {
	LookupIPAddr(context.Context, string) (names []net.IPAddr, err error)
}

Resolver represents interface of the tcp resolver.

type Response

type Response struct {

	// Response header
	//
	// Copying Header by value is forbidden. Use pointer to Header instead.
	Header ResponseHeader

	// Flush headers as soon as possible without waiting for first body bytes.
	// Relevant for bodyStream only.
	ImmediateHeaderFlush bool

	// Response.Read() skips reading body if set to true.
	// Use it for reading HEAD responses.
	//
	// Response.Write() skips writing body if set to true.
	// Use it for writing HEAD responses.
	SkipBody bool
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Response represents HTTP response.

It is forbidden copying Response instances. Create new instances and use CopyTo instead.

Response instance MUST NOT be used from concurrently running goroutines.

func AcquireResponse

func AcquireResponse() *Response

AcquireResponse returns an empty Response instance from response pool.

The returned Response instance may be passed to ReleaseResponse when it is no longer needed. This allows Response recycling, reduces GC pressure and usually improves performance.

func (*Response) AppendBody

func (resp *Response) AppendBody(p []byte)

AppendBody appends p to response body.

It is safe re-using p after the function returns.

func (*Response) AppendBodyString

func (resp *Response) AppendBodyString(s string)

AppendBodyString appends s to response body.

func (*Response) Body

func (resp *Response) Body() []byte

Body returns response body.

The returned body is valid until the response modification.

func (*Response) BodyGunzip

func (resp *Response) BodyGunzip() ([]byte, error)

BodyGunzip returns un-gzipped body data.

This method may be used if the response header contains 'Content-Encoding: gzip' for reading un-gzipped body. Use Body for reading gzipped response body.

func (*Response) BodyInflate

func (resp *Response) BodyInflate() ([]byte, error)

BodyInflate returns inflated body data.

This method may be used if the response header contains 'Content-Encoding: deflate' for reading inflated response body. Use Body for reading deflated response body.

func (*Response) BodyUnbrotli

func (resp *Response) BodyUnbrotli() ([]byte, error)

BodyUnbrotli returns un-brotlied body data.

This method may be used if the response header contains 'Content-Encoding: br' for reading un-brotlied body. Use Body for reading brotlied response body.

func (*Response) BodyWriteTo

func (resp *Response) BodyWriteTo(w io.Writer) error

BodyWriteTo writes response body to w.

func (*Response) BodyWriter

func (resp *Response) BodyWriter() io.Writer

BodyWriter returns writer for populating response body.

If used inside RequestHandler, the returned writer must not be used after returning from RequestHandler. Use RequestCtx.Write or SetBodyStreamWriter in this case.

func (*Response) ConnectionClose

func (resp *Response) ConnectionClose() bool

ConnectionClose returns true if 'Connection: close' header is set.

func (*Response) CopyTo

func (resp *Response) CopyTo(dst *Response)

CopyTo copies resp contents to dst except of body stream.

func (*Response) IsBodyStream

func (resp *Response) IsBodyStream() bool

IsBodyStream returns true if body is set via SetBodyStream*

func (*Response) LocalAddr

func (resp *Response) LocalAddr() net.Addr

LocalAddr returns the local network address. The Addr returned is shared by all invocations of LocalAddr, so do not modify it.

func (*Response) Read

func (resp *Response) Read(r *bufio.Reader) error

Read reads response (including body) from the given r.

io.EOF is returned if r is closed before reading the first header byte.

func (*Response) ReadLimitBody

func (resp *Response) ReadLimitBody(r *bufio.Reader, maxBodySize int) error

ReadLimitBody reads response from the given r, limiting the body size.

If maxBodySize > 0 and the body size exceeds maxBodySize, then ErrBodyTooLarge is returned.

io.EOF is returned if r is closed before reading the first header byte.

func (*Response) ReleaseBody

func (resp *Response) ReleaseBody(size int)

ReleaseBody retires the response body if it is greater than "size" bytes.

This permits GC to reclaim the large buffer. If used, must be before ReleaseResponse.

Use this method only if you really understand how it works. The majority of workloads don't need this method.

func (*Response) RemoteAddr

func (resp *Response) RemoteAddr() net.Addr

RemoteAddr returns the remote network address. The Addr returned is shared by all invocations of RemoteAddr, so do not modify it.

func (*Response) Reset

func (resp *Response) Reset()

Reset clears response contents.

func (*Response) ResetBody

func (resp *Response) ResetBody()

ResetBody resets response body.

func (*Response) SendFile

func (resp *Response) SendFile(path string) error

SendFile registers file on the given path to be used as response body when Write is called.

Note that SendFile doesn't set Content-Type, so set it yourself with Header.SetContentType.

func (*Response) SetBody

func (resp *Response) SetBody(body []byte)

SetBody sets response body.

It is safe re-using body argument after the function returns.

func (*Response) SetBodyRaw

func (resp *Response) SetBodyRaw(body []byte)

SetBodyRaw sets response body, but without copying it.

From this point onward the body argument must not be changed.

func (*Response) SetBodyStream

func (resp *Response) SetBodyStream(bodyStream io.Reader, bodySize int)

SetBodyStream sets response body stream and, optionally body size.

If bodySize is >= 0, then the bodyStream must provide exactly bodySize bytes before returning io.EOF.

If bodySize < 0, then bodyStream is read until io.EOF.

bodyStream.Close() is called after finishing reading all body data if it implements io.Closer.

See also SetBodyStreamWriter.

func (*Response) SetBodyStreamWriter

func (resp *Response) SetBodyStreamWriter(sw StreamWriter)

SetBodyStreamWriter registers the given sw for populating response body.

This function may be used in the following cases:

* if response body is too big (more than 10MB).
* if response body is streamed from slow external sources.
* if response body must be streamed to the client in chunks
(aka `http server push` or `chunked transfer-encoding`).

See also SetBodyStream.

func (*Response) SetBodyString

func (resp *Response) SetBodyString(body string)

SetBodyString sets response body.

func (*Response) SetConnectionClose

func (resp *Response) SetConnectionClose()

SetConnectionClose sets 'Connection: close' header.

func (*Response) SetStatusCode

func (resp *Response) SetStatusCode(statusCode int)

SetStatusCode sets response status code.

func (*Response) StatusCode

func (resp *Response) StatusCode() int

StatusCode returns response status code.

func (*Response) String

func (resp *Response) String() string

String returns response representation.

Returns error message instead of response representation on error.

Use Write instead of String for performance-critical code.

func (*Response) SwapBody

func (resp *Response) SwapBody(body []byte) []byte

SwapBody swaps response body with the given body and returns the previous response body.

It is forbidden to use the body passed to SwapBody after the function returns.

func (*Response) Write

func (resp *Response) Write(w *bufio.Writer) error

Write writes response to w.

Write doesn't flush response to w for performance reasons.

See also WriteTo.

func (*Response) WriteDeflate

func (resp *Response) WriteDeflate(w *bufio.Writer) error

WriteDeflate writes response with deflated body to w.

The method deflates response body and sets 'Content-Encoding: deflate' header before writing response to w.

WriteDeflate doesn't flush response to w for performance reasons.

func (*Response) WriteDeflateLevel

func (resp *Response) WriteDeflateLevel(w *bufio.Writer, level int) error

WriteDeflateLevel writes response with deflated body to w.

Level is the desired compression level:

* CompressNoCompression
* CompressBestSpeed
* CompressBestCompression
* CompressDefaultCompression
* CompressHuffmanOnly

The method deflates response body and sets 'Content-Encoding: deflate' header before writing response to w.

WriteDeflateLevel doesn't flush response to w for performance reasons.

func (*Response) WriteGzip

func (resp *Response) WriteGzip(w *bufio.Writer) error

WriteGzip writes response with gzipped body to w.

The method gzips response body and sets 'Content-Encoding: gzip' header before writing response to w.

WriteGzip doesn't flush response to w for performance reasons.

func (*Response) WriteGzipLevel

func (resp *Response) WriteGzipLevel(w *bufio.Writer, level int) error

WriteGzipLevel writes response with gzipped body to w.

Level is the desired compression level:

* CompressNoCompression
* CompressBestSpeed
* CompressBestCompression
* CompressDefaultCompression
* CompressHuffmanOnly

The method gzips response body and sets 'Content-Encoding: gzip' header before writing response to w.

WriteGzipLevel doesn't flush response to w for performance reasons.

func (*Response) WriteTo

func (resp *Response) WriteTo(w io.Writer) (int64, error)

WriteTo writes response to w. It implements io.WriterTo.

type ResponseHeader

type ResponseHeader struct {
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

ResponseHeader represents HTTP response header.

It is forbidden copying ResponseHeader instances. Create new instances instead and use CopyTo.

ResponseHeader instance MUST NOT be used from concurrently running goroutines.

func (*ResponseHeader) Add

func (h *ResponseHeader) Add(key, value string)

Add adds the given 'key: value' header.

Multiple headers with the same key may be added with this function. Use Set for setting a single header for the given key.

func (*ResponseHeader) AddBytesK

func (h *ResponseHeader) AddBytesK(key []byte, value string)

AddBytesK adds the given 'key: value' header.

Multiple headers with the same key may be added with this function. Use SetBytesK for setting a single header for the given key.

func (*ResponseHeader) AddBytesKV

func (h *ResponseHeader) AddBytesKV(key, value []byte)

AddBytesKV adds the given 'key: value' header.

Multiple headers with the same key may be added with this function. Use SetBytesKV for setting a single header for the given key.

func (*ResponseHeader) AddBytesV

func (h *ResponseHeader) AddBytesV(key string, value []byte)

AddBytesV adds the given 'key: value' header.

Multiple headers with the same key may be added with this function. Use SetBytesV for setting a single header for the given key.

func (*ResponseHeader) AppendBytes

func (h *ResponseHeader) AppendBytes(dst []byte) []byte

AppendBytes appends response header representation to dst and returns the extended dst.

func (*ResponseHeader) ConnectionClose

func (h *ResponseHeader) ConnectionClose() bool

ConnectionClose returns true if 'Connection: close' header is set.

func (*ResponseHeader) ConnectionUpgrade

func (h *ResponseHeader) ConnectionUpgrade() bool

ConnectionUpgrade returns true if 'Connection: Upgrade' header is set.

func (*ResponseHeader) ContentLength

func (h *ResponseHeader) ContentLength() int

ContentLength returns Content-Length header value.

It may be negative: -1 means Transfer-Encoding: chunked. -2 means Transfer-Encoding: identity.

func (*ResponseHeader) ContentType

func (h *ResponseHeader) ContentType() []byte

ContentType returns Content-Type header value.

func (*ResponseHeader) Cookie

func (h *ResponseHeader) Cookie(cookie *Cookie) bool

Cookie fills cookie for the given cookie.Key.

Returns false if cookie with the given cookie.Key is missing.

func (*ResponseHeader) CopyTo

func (h *ResponseHeader) CopyTo(dst *ResponseHeader)

CopyTo copies all the headers to dst.

func (*ResponseHeader) Del

func (h *ResponseHeader) Del(key string)

Del deletes header with the given key.

func (*ResponseHeader) DelAllCookies

func (h *ResponseHeader) DelAllCookies()

DelAllCookies removes all the cookies from response headers.

func (*ResponseHeader) DelBytes

func (h *ResponseHeader) DelBytes(key []byte)

DelBytes deletes header with the given key.

func (*ResponseHeader) DelClientCookie

func (h *ResponseHeader) DelClientCookie(key string)

DelClientCookie instructs the client to remove the given cookie.

Use DelCookie if you want just removing the cookie from response header.

func (*ResponseHeader) DelClientCookieBytes

func (h *ResponseHeader) DelClientCookieBytes(key []byte)

DelClientCookieBytes instructs the client to remove the given cookie.

Use DelCookieBytes if you want just removing the cookie from response header.

func (*ResponseHeader) DelCookie

func (h *ResponseHeader) DelCookie(key string)

DelCookie removes cookie under the given key from response header.

Note that DelCookie doesn't remove the cookie from the client. Use DelClientCookie instead.

func (*ResponseHeader) DelCookieBytes

func (h *ResponseHeader) DelCookieBytes(key []byte)

DelCookieBytes removes cookie under the given key from response header.

Note that DelCookieBytes doesn't remove the cookie from the client. Use DelClientCookieBytes instead.

func (*ResponseHeader) DisableNormalizing

func (h *ResponseHeader) DisableNormalizing()

DisableNormalizing disables header names' normalization.

By default all the header names are normalized by uppercasing the first letter and all the first letters following dashes, while lowercasing all the other letters. Examples:

* CONNECTION -> Connection
* conteNT-tYPE -> Content-Type
* foo-bar-baz -> Foo-Bar-Baz

Disable header names' normalization only if know what are you doing.

func (*ResponseHeader) EnableNormalizing

func (h *ResponseHeader) EnableNormalizing()

EnableNormalizing enables header names' normalization.

Header names are normalized by uppercasing the first letter and all the first letters following dashes, while lowercasing all the other letters. Examples:

* CONNECTION -> Connection
* conteNT-tYPE -> Content-Type
* foo-bar-baz -> Foo-Bar-Baz

This is enabled by default unless disabled using DisableNormalizing()

func (*ResponseHeader) Header

func (h *ResponseHeader) Header() []byte

Header returns response header representation.

The returned value is valid until the next call to ResponseHeader methods.

func (*ResponseHeader) IsHTTP11

func (h *ResponseHeader) IsHTTP11() bool

IsHTTP11 returns true if the response is HTTP/1.1.

func (*ResponseHeader) Len

func (h *ResponseHeader) Len() int

Len returns the number of headers set, i.e. the number of times f is called in VisitAll.

func (*ResponseHeader) Peek

func (h *ResponseHeader) Peek(key string) []byte

Peek returns header value for the given key.

Returned value is valid until the next call to ResponseHeader. Do not store references to returned value. Make copies instead.

func (*ResponseHeader) PeekBytes

func (h *ResponseHeader) PeekBytes(key []byte) []byte

PeekBytes returns header value for the given key.

Returned value is valid until the next call to ResponseHeader. Do not store references to returned value. Make copies instead.

func (*ResponseHeader) PeekCookie

func (h *ResponseHeader) PeekCookie(key string) []byte

PeekCookie is able to returns cookie by a given key from response.

func (*ResponseHeader) Read

func (h *ResponseHeader) Read(r *bufio.Reader) error

Read reads response header from r.

io.EOF is returned if r is closed before reading the first header byte.

func (*ResponseHeader) Reset

func (h *ResponseHeader) Reset()

Reset clears response header.

func (*ResponseHeader) ResetConnectionClose

func (h *ResponseHeader) ResetConnectionClose()

ResetConnectionClose clears 'Connection: close' header if it exists.

func (*ResponseHeader) Server

func (h *ResponseHeader) Server() []byte

Server returns Server header value.

func (*ResponseHeader) Set

func (h *ResponseHeader) Set(key, value string)

Set sets the given 'key: value' header.

Use Add for setting multiple header values under the same key.

func (*ResponseHeader) SetBytesK

func (h *ResponseHeader) SetBytesK(key []byte, value string)

SetBytesK sets the given 'key: value' header.

Use AddBytesK for setting multiple header values under the same key.

func (*ResponseHeader) SetBytesKV

func (h *ResponseHeader) SetBytesKV(key, value []byte)

SetBytesKV sets the given 'key: value' header.

Use AddBytesKV for setting multiple header values under the same key.

func (*ResponseHeader) SetBytesV

func (h *ResponseHeader) SetBytesV(key string, value []byte)

SetBytesV sets the given 'key: value' header.

Use AddBytesV for setting multiple header values under the same key.

func (*ResponseHeader) SetCanonical

func (h *ResponseHeader) SetCanonical(key, value []byte)

SetCanonical sets the given 'key: value' header assuming that key is in canonical form.

func (*ResponseHeader) SetConnectionClose

func (h *ResponseHeader) SetConnectionClose()

SetConnectionClose sets 'Connection: close' header.

func (*ResponseHeader) SetContentLength

func (h *ResponseHeader) SetContentLength(contentLength int)

SetContentLength sets Content-Length header value.

Content-Length may be negative: -1 means Transfer-Encoding: chunked. -2 means Transfer-Encoding: identity.

func (*ResponseHeader) SetContentRange

func (h *ResponseHeader) SetContentRange(startPos, endPos, contentLength int)

SetContentRange sets 'Content-Range: bytes startPos-endPos/contentLength' header.

func (*ResponseHeader) SetContentType

func (h *ResponseHeader) SetContentType(contentType string)

SetContentType sets Content-Type header value.

func (*ResponseHeader) SetContentTypeBytes

func (h *ResponseHeader) SetContentTypeBytes(contentType []byte)

SetContentTypeBytes sets Content-Type header value.

func (*ResponseHeader) SetCookie

func (h *ResponseHeader) SetCookie(cookie *Cookie)

SetCookie sets the given response cookie.

It is save re-using the cookie after the function returns.

func (*ResponseHeader) SetLastModified

func (h *ResponseHeader) SetLastModified(t time.Time)

SetLastModified sets 'Last-Modified' header to the given value.

func (*ResponseHeader) SetNoDefaultContentType

func (h *ResponseHeader) SetNoDefaultContentType(noDefaultContentType bool)

SetNoDefaultContentType allows you to control if a default Content-Type header will be set (false) or not (true).

func (*ResponseHeader) SetServer

func (h *ResponseHeader) SetServer(server string)

SetServer sets Server header value.

func (*ResponseHeader) SetServerBytes

func (h *ResponseHeader) SetServerBytes(server []byte)

SetServerBytes sets Server header value.

func (*ResponseHeader) SetStatusCode

func (h *ResponseHeader) SetStatusCode(statusCode int)

SetStatusCode sets response status code.

func (*ResponseHeader) StatusCode

func (h *ResponseHeader) StatusCode() int

StatusCode returns response status code.

func (*ResponseHeader) String

func (h *ResponseHeader) String() string

String returns response header representation.

func (*ResponseHeader) VisitAll

func (h *ResponseHeader) VisitAll(f func(key, value []byte))

VisitAll calls f for each header.

f must not retain references to key and/or value after returning. Copy key and/or value contents before returning if you need retaining them.

func (*ResponseHeader) VisitAllCookie

func (h *ResponseHeader) VisitAllCookie(f func(key, value []byte))

VisitAllCookie calls f for each response cookie.

Cookie name is passed in key and the whole Set-Cookie header value is passed in value on each f invocation. Value may be parsed with Cookie.ParseBytes().

f must not retain references to key and/or value after returning.

func (*ResponseHeader) Write

func (h *ResponseHeader) Write(w *bufio.Writer) error

Write writes response header to w.

func (*ResponseHeader) WriteTo

func (h *ResponseHeader) WriteTo(w io.Writer) (int64, error)

WriteTo writes response header to w.

WriteTo implements io.WriterTo interface.

type RetryIfFunc

type RetryIfFunc func(request *Request) bool

RetryIfFunc signature of retry if function

Request argument passed to RetryIfFunc, if there are any request errors.

type ServeHandler

type ServeHandler func(c net.Conn) error

ServeHandler must process tls.Config.NextProto negotiated requests.

type Server

type Server struct {

	// Handler for processing incoming requests.
	//
	// Take into account that no `panic` recovery is done by `fasthttp` (thus any `panic` will take down the entire server).
	// Instead the user should use `recover` to handle these situations.
	Handler RequestHandler

	// ErrorHandler for returning a response in case of an error while receiving or parsing the request.
	//
	// The following is a non-exhaustive list of errors that can be expected as argument:
	//   * io.EOF
	//   * io.ErrUnexpectedEOF
	//   * ErrGetOnly
	//   * ErrSmallBuffer
	//   * ErrBodyTooLarge
	//   * ErrBrokenChunks
	ErrorHandler func(ctx *RequestCtx, err error)

	// HeaderReceived is called after receiving the header
	//
	// non zero RequestConfig field values will overwrite the default configs
	HeaderReceived func(header *RequestHeader) RequestConfig

	// ContinueHandler is called after receiving the Expect 100 Continue Header
	//
	// https://www.w3.org/Protocols/rfc2616/rfc2616-sec8.html#sec8.2.3
	// https://www.w3.org/Protocols/rfc2616/rfc2616-sec10.html#sec10.1.1
	// Using ContinueHandler a server can make decisioning on whether or not
	// to read a potentially large request body based on the headers
	//
	// The default is to automatically read request bodies of Expect 100 Continue requests
	// like they are normal requests
	ContinueHandler func(header *RequestHeader) bool

	// Server name for sending in response headers.
	//
	// Default server name is used if left blank.
	Name string

	// The maximum number of concurrent connections the server may serve.
	//
	// DefaultConcurrency is used if not set.
	//
	// Concurrency only works if you either call Serve once, or only ServeConn multiple times.
	// It works with ListenAndServe as well.
	Concurrency int

	// Whether to disable keep-alive connections.
	//
	// The server will close all the incoming connections after sending
	// the first response to client if this option is set to true.
	//
	// By default keep-alive connections are enabled.
	DisableKeepalive bool

	// Per-connection buffer size for requests' reading.
	// This also limits the maximum header size.
	//
	// Increase this buffer if your clients send multi-KB RequestURIs
	// and/or multi-KB headers (for example, BIG cookies).
	//
	// Default buffer size is used if not set.
	ReadBufferSize int

	// Per-connection buffer size for responses' writing.
	//
	// Default buffer size is used if not set.
	WriteBufferSize int

	// ReadTimeout is the amount of time allowed to read
	// the full request including body. The connection's read
	// deadline is reset when the connection opens, or for
	// keep-alive connections after the first byte has been read.
	//
	// By default request read timeout is unlimited.
	ReadTimeout time.Duration

	// WriteTimeout is the maximum duration before timing out
	// writes of the response. It is reset after the request handler
	// has returned.
	//
	// By default response write timeout is unlimited.
	WriteTimeout time.Duration

	// IdleTimeout is the maximum amount of time to wait for the
	// next request when keep-alive is enabled. If IdleTimeout
	// is zero, the value of ReadTimeout is used.
	IdleTimeout time.Duration

	// Maximum number of concurrent client connections allowed per IP.
	//
	// By default unlimited number of concurrent connections
	// may be established to the server from a single IP address.
	MaxConnsPerIP int

	// Maximum number of requests served per connection.
	//
	// The server closes connection after the last request.
	// 'Connection: close' header is added to the last response.
	//
	// By default unlimited number of requests may be served per connection.
	MaxRequestsPerConn int

	// MaxKeepaliveDuration is a no-op and only left here for backwards compatibility.
	// Deprecated: Use IdleTimeout instead.
	MaxKeepaliveDuration time.Duration

	// Whether to enable tcp keep-alive connections.
	//
	// Whether the operating system should send tcp keep-alive messages on the tcp connection.
	//
	// By default tcp keep-alive connections are disabled.
	TCPKeepalive bool

	// Period between tcp keep-alive messages.
	//
	// TCP keep-alive period is determined by operation system by default.
	TCPKeepalivePeriod time.Duration

	// Maximum request body size.
	//
	// The server rejects requests with bodies exceeding this limit.
	//
	// Request body size is limited by DefaultMaxRequestBodySize by default.
	MaxRequestBodySize int

	// Aggressively reduces memory usage at the cost of higher CPU usage
	// if set to true.
	//
	// Try enabling this option only if the server consumes too much memory
	// serving mostly idle keep-alive connections. This may reduce memory
	// usage by more than 50%.
	//
	// Aggressive memory usage reduction is disabled by default.
	ReduceMemoryUsage bool

	// Rejects all non-GET requests if set to true.
	//
	// This option is useful as anti-DoS protection for servers
	// accepting only GET requests. The request size is limited
	// by ReadBufferSize if GetOnly is set.
	//
	// Server accepts all the requests by default.
	GetOnly bool

	// Will not pre parse Multipart Form data if set to true.
	//
	// This option is useful for servers that desire to treat
	// multipart form data as a binary blob, or choose when to parse the data.
	//
	// Server pre parses multipart form data by default.
	DisablePreParseMultipartForm bool

	// Logs all errors, including the most frequent
	// 'connection reset by peer', 'broken pipe' and 'connection timeout'
	// errors. Such errors are common in production serving real-world
	// clients.
	//
	// By default the most frequent errors such as
	// 'connection reset by peer', 'broken pipe' and 'connection timeout'
	// are suppressed in order to limit output log traffic.
	LogAllErrors bool

	// Header names are passed as-is without normalization
	// if this option is set.
	//
	// Disabled header names' normalization may be useful only for proxying
	// incoming requests to other servers expecting case-sensitive
	// header names. See https://github.com/valyala/fasthttp/issues/57
	// for details.
	//
	// By default request and response header names are normalized, i.e.
	// The first letter and the first letters following dashes
	// are uppercased, while all the other letters are lowercased.
	// Examples:
	//
	//     * HOST -> Host
	//     * content-type -> Content-Type
	//     * cONTENT-lenGTH -> Content-Length
	DisableHeaderNamesNormalizing bool

	// SleepWhenConcurrencyLimitsExceeded is a duration to be slept of if
	// the concurrency limit in exceeded (default [when is 0]: don't sleep
	// and accept new connections immidiatelly).
	SleepWhenConcurrencyLimitsExceeded time.Duration

	// NoDefaultServerHeader, when set to true, causes the default Server header
	// to be excluded from the Response.
	//
	// The default Server header value is the value of the Name field or an
	// internal default value in its absence. With this option set to true,
	// the only time a Server header will be sent is if a non-zero length
	// value is explicitly provided during a request.
	NoDefaultServerHeader bool

	// NoDefaultDate, when set to true, causes the default Date
	// header to be excluded from the Response.
	//
	// The default Date header value is the current date value. When
	// set to true, the Date will not be present.
	NoDefaultDate bool

	// NoDefaultContentType, when set to true, causes the default Content-Type
	// header to be excluded from the Response.
	//
	// The default Content-Type header value is the internal default value. When
	// set to true, the Content-Type will not be present.
	NoDefaultContentType bool

	// ConnState specifies an optional callback function that is
	// called when a client connection changes state. See the
	// ConnState type and associated constants for details.
	ConnState func(net.Conn, ConnState)

	// Logger, which is used by RequestCtx.Logger().
	//
	// By default standard logger from log package is used.
	Logger Logger

	// KeepHijackedConns is an opt-in disable of connection
	// close by fasthttp after connections' HijackHandler returns.
	// This allows to save goroutines, e.g. when fasthttp used to upgrade
	// http connections to WS and connection goes to another handler,
	// which will close it when needed.
	KeepHijackedConns bool
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

Server implements HTTP server.

Default Server settings should satisfy the majority of Server users. Adjust Server settings only if you really understand the consequences.

It is forbidden copying Server instances. Create new Server instances instead.

It is safe to call Server methods from concurrently running goroutines.

Example

Code:

package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"github.com/valyala/fasthttp"
	"log"
)

func main() {
	// This function will be called by the server for each incoming request.
	//
	// RequestCtx provides a lot of functionality related to http request
	// processing. See RequestCtx docs for details.
	requestHandler := func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx) {
		fmt.Fprintf(ctx, "Hello, world! Requested path is %q", ctx.Path())
	}

	// Create custom server.
	s := &fasthttp.Server{
		Handler: requestHandler,

		// Every response will contain 'Server: My super server' header.
		Name: "My super server",

		// Other Server settings may be set here.
	}

	// Start the server listening for incoming requests on the given address.
	//
	// ListenAndServe returns only on error, so usually it blocks forever.
	if err := s.ListenAndServe("127.0.0.1:80"); err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("error in ListenAndServe: %s", err)
	}
}

func (*Server) AppendCert

func (s *Server) AppendCert(certFile, keyFile string) error

AppendCert appends certificate and keyfile to TLS Configuration.

This function allows programmer to handle multiple domains in one server structure. See examples/multidomain

func (*Server) AppendCertEmbed

func (s *Server) AppendCertEmbed(certData, keyData []byte) error

AppendCertEmbed does the same as AppendCert but using in-memory data.

func (*Server) GetCurrentConcurrency

func (s *Server) GetCurrentConcurrency() uint32

GetCurrentConcurrency returns a number of currently served connections.

This function is intended be used by monitoring systems

func (*Server) GetOpenConnectionsCount

func (s *Server) GetOpenConnectionsCount() int32

GetOpenConnectionsCount returns a number of opened connections.

This function is intended be used by monitoring systems

func (*Server) ListenAndServe

func (s *Server) ListenAndServe(addr string) error

ListenAndServe serves HTTP requests from the given TCP4 addr.

Pass custom listener to Serve if you need listening on non-TCP4 media such as IPv6.

Accepted connections are configured to enable TCP keep-alives.

func (*Server) ListenAndServeTLS

func (s *Server) ListenAndServeTLS(addr, certFile, keyFile string) error

ListenAndServeTLS serves HTTPS requests from the given TCP4 addr.

certFile and keyFile are paths to TLS certificate and key files.

Pass custom listener to Serve if you need listening on non-TCP4 media such as IPv6.

If the certFile or keyFile has not been provided to the server structure, the function will use the previously added TLS configuration.

Accepted connections are configured to enable TCP keep-alives.

func (*Server) ListenAndServeTLSEmbed

func (s *Server) ListenAndServeTLSEmbed(addr string, certData, keyData []byte) error

ListenAndServeTLSEmbed serves HTTPS requests from the given TCP4 addr.

certData and keyData must contain valid TLS certificate and key data.

Pass custom listener to Serve if you need listening on arbitrary media such as IPv6.

If the certFile or keyFile has not been provided the server structure, the function will use previously added TLS configuration.

Accepted connections are configured to enable TCP keep-alives.

func (*Server) ListenAndServeUNIX

func (s *Server) ListenAndServeUNIX(addr string, mode os.FileMode) error

ListenAndServeUNIX serves HTTP requests from the given UNIX addr.

The function deletes existing file at addr before starting serving.

The server sets the given file mode for the UNIX addr.

func (*Server) NextProto

func (s *Server) NextProto(key string, nph ServeHandler)

NextProto adds nph to be processed when key is negotiated when TLS connection is established.

This function can only be called before the server is started.

func (*Server) Serve

func (s *Server) Serve(ln net.Listener) error

Serve serves incoming connections from the given listener.

Serve blocks until the given listener returns permanent error.

func (*Server) ServeConn

func (s *Server) ServeConn(c net.Conn) error

ServeConn serves HTTP requests from the given connection.

ServeConn returns nil if all requests from the c are successfully served. It returns non-nil error otherwise.

Connection c must immediately propagate all the data passed to Write() to the client. Otherwise requests' processing may hang.

ServeConn closes c before returning.

func (*Server) ServeTLS

func (s *Server) ServeTLS(ln net.Listener, certFile, keyFile string) error

ServeTLS serves HTTPS requests from the given listener.

certFile and keyFile are paths to TLS certificate and key files.

If the certFile or keyFile has not been provided the server structure, the function will use previously added TLS configuration.

func (*Server) ServeTLSEmbed

func (s *Server) ServeTLSEmbed(ln net.Listener, certData, keyData []byte) error

ServeTLSEmbed serves HTTPS requests from the given listener.

certData and keyData must contain valid TLS certificate and key data.

If the certFile or keyFile has not been provided the server structure, the function will use previously added TLS configuration.

func (*Server) Shutdown

func (s *Server) Shutdown() error

Shutdown gracefully shuts down the server without interrupting any active connections. Shutdown works by first closing all open listeners and then waiting indefinitely for all connections to return to idle and then shut down.

When Shutdown is called, Serve, ListenAndServe, and ListenAndServeTLS immediately return nil. Make sure the program doesn't exit and waits instead for Shutdown to return.

Shutdown does not close keepalive connections so its recommended to set ReadTimeout to something else than 0.

type StreamWriter

type StreamWriter func(w *bufio.Writer)

StreamWriter must write data to w.

Usually StreamWriter writes data to w in a loop (aka 'data streaming').

StreamWriter must return immediately if w returns error.

Since the written data is buffered, do not forget calling w.Flush when the data must be propagated to reader.

type TCPDialer

type TCPDialer struct {
	// Concurrency controls the maximum number of concurrent Dails
	// that can be performed using this object.
	// Setting this to 0 means unlimited.
	//
	// WARNING: This can only be changed before the first Dial.
	// Changes made after the first Dial will not affect anything.
	Concurrency int

	// LocalAddr is the local address to use when dialing an
	// address.
	// If nil, a local address is automatically chosen.
	LocalAddr *net.TCPAddr

	// This may be used to override DNS resolving policy, like this:
	// var dialer = &fasthttp.TCPDialer{
	// 	Resolver: &net.Resolver{
	// 		PreferGo:     true,
	// 		StrictErrors: false,
	// 		Dial: func (ctx context.Context, network, address string) (net.Conn, error) {
	// 			d := net.Dialer{}
	// 			return d.DialContext(ctx, "udp", "8.8.8.8:53")
	// 		},
	// 	},
	// }
	Resolver Resolver
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

TCPDialer contains options to control a group of Dial calls.

func (*TCPDialer) Dial

func (d *TCPDialer) Dial(addr string) (net.Conn, error)

Dial dials the given TCP addr using tcp4.

This function has the following additional features comparing to net.Dial:

* It reduces load on DNS resolver by caching resolved TCP addressed
  for DefaultDNSCacheDuration.
* It dials all the resolved TCP addresses in round-robin manner until
  connection is established. This may be useful if certain addresses
  are temporarily unreachable.
* It returns ErrDialTimeout if connection cannot be established during
  DefaultDialTimeout seconds. Use DialTimeout for customizing dial timeout.

This dialer is intended for custom code wrapping before passing to Client.Dial or HostClient.Dial.

For instance, per-host counters and/or limits may be implemented by such wrappers.

The addr passed to the function must contain port. Example addr values:

* foobar.baz:443
* foo.bar:80
* aaa.com:8080

func (*TCPDialer) DialDualStack

func (d *TCPDialer) DialDualStack(addr string) (net.Conn, error)

DialDualStack dials the given TCP addr using both tcp4 and tcp6.

This function has the following additional features comparing to net.Dial:

* It reduces load on DNS resolver by caching resolved TCP addressed
  for DefaultDNSCacheDuration.
* It dials all the resolved TCP addresses in round-robin manner until
  connection is established. This may be useful if certain addresses
  are temporarily unreachable.
* It returns ErrDialTimeout if connection cannot be established during
  DefaultDialTimeout seconds. Use DialDualStackTimeout for custom dial
  timeout.

This dialer is intended for custom code wrapping before passing to Client.Dial or HostClient.Dial.

For instance, per-host counters and/or limits may be implemented by such wrappers.

The addr passed to the function must contain port. Example addr values:

* foobar.baz:443
* foo.bar:80
* aaa.com:8080

func (*TCPDialer) DialDualStackTimeout

func (d *TCPDialer) DialDualStackTimeout(addr string, timeout time.Duration) (net.Conn, error)

DialDualStackTimeout dials the given TCP addr using both tcp4 and tcp6 using the given timeout.

This function has the following additional features comparing to net.Dial:

* It reduces load on DNS resolver by caching resolved TCP addressed
  for DefaultDNSCacheDuration.
* It dials all the resolved TCP addresses in round-robin manner until
  connection is established. This may be useful if certain addresses
  are temporarily unreachable.

This dialer is intended for custom code wrapping before passing to Client.Dial or HostClient.Dial.

For instance, per-host counters and/or limits may be implemented by such wrappers.

The addr passed to the function must contain port. Example addr values:

* foobar.baz:443
* foo.bar:80
* aaa.com:8080

func (*TCPDialer) DialTimeout

func (d *TCPDialer) DialTimeout(addr string, timeout time.Duration) (net.Conn, error)

DialTimeout dials the given TCP addr using tcp4 using the given timeout.

This function has the following additional features comparing to net.Dial:

* It reduces load on DNS resolver by caching resolved TCP addressed
  for DefaultDNSCacheDuration.
* It dials all the resolved TCP addresses in round-robin manner until
  connection is established. This may be useful if certain addresses
  are temporarily unreachable.

This dialer is intended for custom code wrapping before passing to Client.Dial or HostClient.Dial.

For instance, per-host counters and/or limits may be implemented by such wrappers.

The addr passed to the function must contain port. Example addr values:

* foobar.baz:443
* foo.bar:80
* aaa.com:8080

type URI

type URI struct {

	// Path values are sent as-is without normalization
	//
	// Disabled path normalization may be useful for proxying incoming requests
	// to servers that are expecting paths to be forwarded as-is.
	//
	// By default path values are normalized, i.e.
	// extra slashes are removed, special characters are encoded.
	DisablePathNormalizing bool
	// contains filtered or unexported fields
}

URI represents URI :) .

It is forbidden copying URI instances. Create new instance and use CopyTo instead.

URI instance MUST NOT be used from concurrently running goroutines.

func AcquireURI

func AcquireURI() *URI

AcquireURI returns an empty URI instance from the pool.

Release the URI with ReleaseURI after the URI is no longer needed. This allows reducing GC load.

func (*URI) AppendBytes

func (u *URI) AppendBytes(dst []byte) []byte

AppendBytes appends full uri to dst and returns the extended dst.

func (*URI) CopyTo

func (u *URI) CopyTo(dst *URI)

CopyTo copies uri contents to dst.

func (*URI) FullURI

func (u *URI) FullURI() []byte

FullURI returns full uri in the form {Scheme}://{Host}{RequestURI}#{Hash}.

func (*URI) Hash

func (u *URI) Hash() []byte

Hash returns URI hash, i.e. qwe of http://aaa.com/foo/bar?baz=123#qwe .

The returned value is valid until the next URI method call.

func (*URI) Host

func (u *URI) Host() []byte

Host returns host part, i.e. aaa.com of http://aaa.com/foo/bar?baz=123#qwe .

Host is always lowercased.

func (*URI) LastPathSegment

func (u *URI) LastPathSegment() []byte

LastPathSegment returns the last part of uri path after '/'.

Examples:

* For /foo/bar/baz.html path returns baz.html.
* For /foo/bar/ returns empty byte slice.
* For /foobar.js returns foobar.js.

func (*URI) Parse

func (u *URI) Parse(host, uri []byte) error

Parse initializes URI from the given host and uri.

host may be nil. In this case uri must contain fully qualified uri, i.e. with scheme and host. http is assumed if scheme is omitted.

uri may contain e.g. RequestURI without scheme and host if host is non-empty.

func (*URI) Password

func (u *URI) Password() []byte

Password returns URI password

func (*URI) Path

func (u *URI) Path() []byte

Path returns URI path, i.e. /foo/bar of http://aaa.com/foo/bar?baz=123#qwe .

The returned path is always urldecoded and normalized, i.e. '//f%20obar/baz/../zzz' becomes '/f obar/zzz'.

The returned value is valid until the next URI method call.

func (*URI) PathOriginal

func (u *URI) PathOriginal() []byte

PathOriginal returns the original path from requestURI passed to URI.Parse().

The returned value is valid until the next URI method call.

func (*URI) QueryArgs

func (u *URI) QueryArgs() *Args

QueryArgs returns query args.

func (*URI) QueryString

func (u *URI) QueryString() []byte

QueryString returns URI query string, i.e. baz=123 of http://aaa.com/foo/bar?baz=123#qwe .

The returned value is valid until the next URI method call.

func (*URI) RequestURI

func (u *URI) RequestURI() []byte

RequestURI returns RequestURI - i.e. URI without Scheme and Host.

func (*URI) Reset

func (u *URI) Reset()

Reset clears uri.

func (*URI) Scheme

func (u *URI) Scheme() []byte

Scheme returns URI scheme, i.e. http of http://aaa.com/foo/bar?baz=123#qwe .

Returned scheme is always lowercased.

The returned value is valid until the next URI method call.

func (*URI) SetHash

func (u *URI) SetHash(hash string)

SetHash sets URI hash.

func (*URI) SetHashBytes

func (u *URI) SetHashBytes(hash []byte)

SetHashBytes sets URI hash.

func (*URI) SetHost

func (u *URI) SetHost(host string)

SetHost sets host for the uri.

func (*URI) SetHostBytes

func (u *URI) SetHostBytes(host []byte)

SetHostBytes sets host for the uri.

func (*URI) SetPassword

func (u *URI) SetPassword(password string)

SetPassword sets URI password.

func (*URI) SetPasswordBytes

func (u *URI) SetPasswordBytes(password []byte)

SetPasswordBytes sets URI password.

func (*URI) SetPath

func (u *URI) SetPath(path string)

SetPath sets URI path.

func (*URI) SetPathBytes

func (u *URI) SetPathBytes(path []byte)

SetPathBytes sets URI path.

func (*URI) SetQueryString

func (u *URI) SetQueryString(queryString string)

SetQueryString sets URI query string.

func (*URI) SetQueryStringBytes

func (u *URI) SetQueryStringBytes(queryString []byte)

SetQueryStringBytes sets URI query string.

func (*URI) SetScheme

func (u *URI) SetScheme(scheme string)

SetScheme sets URI scheme, i.e. http, https, ftp, etc.

func (*URI) SetSchemeBytes

func (u *URI) SetSchemeBytes(scheme []byte)

SetSchemeBytes sets URI scheme, i.e. http, https, ftp, etc.

func (*URI) SetUsername

func (u *URI) SetUsername(username string)

SetUsername sets URI username.

func (*URI) SetUsernameBytes

func (u *URI) SetUsernameBytes(username []byte)

SetUsernameBytes sets URI username.

func (*URI) String

func (u *URI) String() string

String returns full uri.

func (*URI) Update

func (u *URI) Update(newURI string)

Update updates uri.

The following newURI types are accepted:

* Absolute, i.e. http://foobar.com/aaa/bb?cc . In this case the original
  uri is replaced by newURI.
* Absolute without scheme, i.e. //foobar.com/aaa/bb?cc. In this case
  the original scheme is preserved.
* Missing host, i.e. /aaa/bb?cc . In this case only RequestURI part
  of the original uri is replaced.
* Relative path, i.e.  xx?yy=abc . In this case the original RequestURI
  is updated according to the new relative path.

func (*URI) UpdateBytes

func (u *URI) UpdateBytes(newURI []byte)

UpdateBytes updates uri.

The following newURI types are accepted:

* Absolute, i.e. http://foobar.com/aaa/bb?cc . In this case the original
  uri is replaced by newURI.
* Absolute without scheme, i.e. //foobar.com/aaa/bb?cc. In this case
  the original scheme is preserved.
* Missing host, i.e. /aaa/bb?cc . In this case only RequestURI part
  of the original uri is replaced.
* Relative path, i.e.  xx?yy=abc . In this case the original RequestURI
  is updated according to the new relative path.

func (*URI) Username

func (u *URI) Username() []byte

Username returns URI username

func (*URI) WriteTo

func (u *URI) WriteTo(w io.Writer) (int64, error)

WriteTo writes full uri to w.

WriteTo implements io.WriterTo interface.

Package Files

Documentation was rendered with GOOS=linux and GOARCH=amd64.

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