protorange

package
Version: v1.27.1 Latest Latest
Warning

This package is not in the latest version of its module.

Go to latest
Published: Jun 28, 2021 License: BSD-3-Clause Imports: 8 Imported by: 0

Documentation

Overview

Package protorange provides functionality to traverse a message value.

Example (DiscardUnknown)

Range through every message and clear the unknown fields.

package main

import (
	"fmt"

	newspb "google.golang.org/protobuf/internal/testprotos/news"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/reflect/protopath"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/reflect/protorange"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/reflect/protoreflect"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/testing/protopack"
)

func main() {
	// Populate the article with unknown fields.
	m := &newspb.Article{}
	m.ProtoReflect().SetUnknown(protopack.Message{
		protopack.Tag{1000, protopack.BytesType}, protopack.String("Hello, world!"),
	}.Marshal())
	fmt.Println("has unknown fields?", len(m.ProtoReflect().GetUnknown()) > 0)

	// Range through the message and clear all unknown fields.
	fmt.Println("clear unknown fields")
	protorange.Range(m.ProtoReflect(), func(proto protopath.Values) error {
		m, ok := proto.Index(-1).Value.Interface().(protoreflect.Message)
		if ok && len(m.GetUnknown()) > 0 {
			m.SetUnknown(nil)
		}
		return nil
	})
	fmt.Println("has unknown fields?", len(m.ProtoReflect().GetUnknown()) > 0)

}
Output:

has unknown fields? true
clear unknown fields
has unknown fields? false
Example (FormatText)

Implement a basic text formatter by ranging through all populated values in a message in depth-first order.

package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"time"

	newspb "google.golang.org/protobuf/internal/testprotos/news"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/proto"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/reflect/protopath"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/reflect/protorange"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/reflect/protoreflect"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/types/known/anypb"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/types/known/timestamppb"
)

func mustMarshal(m proto.Message) []byte {
	b, err := proto.Marshal(m)
	if err != nil {
		panic(err)
	}
	return b
}

func main() {
	m := &newspb.Article{
		Author:  "Brad Fitzpatrick",
		Date:    timestamppb.New(time.Date(2018, time.February, 16, 0, 0, 0, 0, time.UTC)),
		Title:   "Go 1.10 is released",
		Content: "Happy Friday, happy weekend! Today the Go team is happy to announce the release of Go 1.10...",
		Status:  newspb.Article_PUBLISHED,
		Tags:    []string{"go1.10", "release"},
		Attachments: []*anypb.Any{{
			TypeUrl: "google.golang.org.KeyValueAttachment",
			Value: mustMarshal(&newspb.KeyValueAttachment{
				Name: "checksums.txt",
				Data: map[string]string{
					"go1.10.src.tar.gz":         "07cbb9d0091b846c6aea40bf5bc0cea7",
					"go1.10.darwin-amd64.pkg":   "cbb38bb6ff6ea86279e01745984445bf",
					"go1.10.linux-amd64.tar.gz": "6b3d0e4a5c77352cf4275573817f7566",
					"go1.10.windows-amd64.msi":  "57bda02030f58f5d2bf71943e1390123",
				},
			}),
		}},
	}

	// Print a message in a humanly readable format.
	var indent []byte
	protorange.Options{
		Stable: true,
	}.Range(m.ProtoReflect(),
		func(p protopath.Values) error {
			// Print the key.
			var fd protoreflect.FieldDescriptor
			last := p.Index(-1)
			beforeLast := p.Index(-2)
			switch last.Step.Kind() {
			case protopath.FieldAccessStep:
				fd = last.Step.FieldDescriptor()
				fmt.Printf("%s%s: ", indent, fd.Name())
			case protopath.ListIndexStep:
				fd = beforeLast.Step.FieldDescriptor() // lists always appear in the context of a repeated field
				fmt.Printf("%s%d: ", indent, last.Step.ListIndex())
			case protopath.MapIndexStep:
				fd = beforeLast.Step.FieldDescriptor() // maps always appear in the context of a repeated field
				fmt.Printf("%s%v: ", indent, last.Step.MapIndex().Interface())
			case protopath.AnyExpandStep:
				fmt.Printf("%s[%v]: ", indent, last.Value.Message().Descriptor().FullName())
			case protopath.UnknownAccessStep:
				fmt.Printf("%s?: ", indent)
			}

			// Starting printing the value.
			switch v := last.Value.Interface().(type) {
			case protoreflect.Message:
				fmt.Printf("{\n")
				indent = append(indent, '\t')
			case protoreflect.List:
				fmt.Printf("[\n")
				indent = append(indent, '\t')
			case protoreflect.Map:
				fmt.Printf("{\n")
				indent = append(indent, '\t')
			case protoreflect.EnumNumber:
				var ev protoreflect.EnumValueDescriptor
				if fd != nil {
					ev = fd.Enum().Values().ByNumber(v)
				}
				if ev != nil {
					fmt.Printf("%v\n", ev.Name())
				} else {
					fmt.Printf("%v\n", v)
				}
			case string, []byte:
				fmt.Printf("%q\n", v)
			default:
				fmt.Printf("%v\n", v)
			}
			return nil
		},
		func(p protopath.Values) error {
			// Finish printing the value.
			last := p.Index(-1)
			switch last.Value.Interface().(type) {
			case protoreflect.Message:
				indent = indent[:len(indent)-1]
				fmt.Printf("%s}\n", indent)
			case protoreflect.List:
				indent = indent[:len(indent)-1]
				fmt.Printf("%s]\n", indent)
			case protoreflect.Map:
				indent = indent[:len(indent)-1]
				fmt.Printf("%s}\n", indent)
			}
			return nil
		},
	)

}
Output:

{
	author: "Brad Fitzpatrick"
	date: {
		seconds: 1518739200
	}
	title: "Go 1.10 is released"
	content: "Happy Friday, happy weekend! Today the Go team is happy to announce the release of Go 1.10..."
	attachments: [
		0: {
			[google.golang.org.KeyValueAttachment]: {
				name: "checksums.txt"
				data: {
					go1.10.darwin-amd64.pkg: "cbb38bb6ff6ea86279e01745984445bf"
					go1.10.linux-amd64.tar.gz: "6b3d0e4a5c77352cf4275573817f7566"
					go1.10.src.tar.gz: "07cbb9d0091b846c6aea40bf5bc0cea7"
					go1.10.windows-amd64.msi: "57bda02030f58f5d2bf71943e1390123"
				}
			}
		}
	]
	tags: [
		0: "go1.10"
		1: "release"
	]
	status: PUBLISHED
}
Example (PrintPaths)

Print the relative paths as Range iterates through a message in a depth-first order.

package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"time"

	newspb "google.golang.org/protobuf/internal/testprotos/news"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/proto"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/reflect/protopath"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/reflect/protorange"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/types/known/anypb"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/types/known/timestamppb"
)

func mustMarshal(m proto.Message) []byte {
	b, err := proto.Marshal(m)
	if err != nil {
		panic(err)
	}
	return b
}

func main() {
	m := &newspb.Article{
		Author:  "Russ Cox",
		Date:    timestamppb.New(time.Date(2019, time.November, 8, 0, 0, 0, 0, time.UTC)),
		Title:   "Go Turns 10",
		Content: "Happy birthday, Go! This weekend we celebrate the 10th anniversary of the Go release...",
		Status:  newspb.Article_PUBLISHED,
		Tags:    []string{"community", "birthday"},
		Attachments: []*anypb.Any{{
			TypeUrl: "google.golang.org.BinaryAttachment",
			Value: mustMarshal(&newspb.BinaryAttachment{
				Name: "gopher-birthday.png",
				Data: []byte("<binary data>"),
			}),
		}},
	}

	// Traverse over all reachable values and print the path.
	protorange.Range(m.ProtoReflect(), func(p protopath.Values) error {
		fmt.Println(p.Path[1:])
		return nil
	})

}
Output:

.author
.date
.date.seconds
.title
.content
.status
.tags
.tags[0]
.tags[1]
.attachments
.attachments[0]
.attachments[0].(google.golang.org.BinaryAttachment)
.attachments[0].(google.golang.org.BinaryAttachment).name
.attachments[0].(google.golang.org.BinaryAttachment).data
Example (SanitizeStrings)

Scan all protobuf string values for a sensitive word and replace it with a suitable alternative.

package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"strings"
	"time"

	"google.golang.org/protobuf/encoding/protojson"
	newspb "google.golang.org/protobuf/internal/testprotos/news"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/proto"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/reflect/protopath"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/reflect/protorange"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/reflect/protoreflect"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/types/known/anypb"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/types/known/timestamppb"
)

func mustMarshal(m proto.Message) []byte {
	b, err := proto.Marshal(m)
	if err != nil {
		panic(err)
	}
	return b
}

func main() {
	m := &newspb.Article{
		Author:  "Hermione Granger",
		Date:    timestamppb.New(time.Date(1998, time.May, 2, 0, 0, 0, 0, time.UTC)),
		Title:   "Harry Potter vanquishes Voldemort once and for all!",
		Content: "In a final duel between Harry Potter and Lord Voldemort earlier this evening...",
		Tags:    []string{"HarryPotter", "LordVoldemort"},
		Attachments: []*anypb.Any{{
			TypeUrl: "google.golang.org.KeyValueAttachment",
			Value: mustMarshal(&newspb.KeyValueAttachment{
				Name: "aliases.txt",
				Data: map[string]string{
					"Harry Potter": "The Boy Who Lived",
					"Tom Riddle":   "Lord Voldemort",
				},
			}),
		}},
	}

	protorange.Range(m.ProtoReflect(), func(p protopath.Values) error {
		const (
			sensitive   = "Voldemort"
			alternative = "[He-Who-Must-Not-Be-Named]"
		)

		// Check if there is a sensitive word to redact.
		last := p.Index(-1)
		s, ok := last.Value.Interface().(string)
		if !ok || !strings.Contains(s, sensitive) {
			return nil
		}
		s = strings.Replace(s, sensitive, alternative, -1)

		// Store the redacted string back into the message.
		beforeLast := p.Index(-2)
		switch last.Step.Kind() {
		case protopath.FieldAccessStep:
			m := beforeLast.Value.Message()
			fd := last.Step.FieldDescriptor()
			m.Set(fd, protoreflect.ValueOfString(s))
		case protopath.ListIndexStep:
			ls := beforeLast.Value.List()
			i := last.Step.ListIndex()
			ls.Set(i, protoreflect.ValueOfString(s))
		case protopath.MapIndexStep:
			ms := beforeLast.Value.Map()
			k := last.Step.MapIndex()
			ms.Set(k, protoreflect.ValueOfString(s))
		}
		return nil
	})

	fmt.Println(protojson.Format(m))

}
Output:

{
  "author": "Hermione Granger",
  "date": "1998-05-02T00:00:00Z",
  "title": "Harry Potter vanquishes [He-Who-Must-Not-Be-Named] once and for all!",
  "content": "In a final duel between Harry Potter and Lord [He-Who-Must-Not-Be-Named] earlier this evening...",
  "tags": [
    "HarryPotter",
    "Lord[He-Who-Must-Not-Be-Named]"
  ],
  "attachments": [
    {
      "@type": "google.golang.org.KeyValueAttachment",
      "name": "aliases.txt",
      "data": {
        "Harry Potter": "The Boy Who Lived",
        "Tom Riddle": "Lord [He-Who-Must-Not-Be-Named]"
      }
    }
  ]
}

Index

Examples

Constants

This section is empty.

Variables

View Source
var (
	// Break breaks traversal of children in the current value.
	// It has no effect when traversing values that are not composite types
	// (e.g., messages, lists, and maps).
	Break = errors.New("break traversal of children in current value")

	// Terminate terminates the entire range operation.
	// All necessary Pop operations continue to be called.
	Terminate = errors.New("terminate range operation")
)

Functions

func Range

func Range(m protoreflect.Message, f func(protopath.Values) error) error

Range performs a depth-first traversal over reachable values in a message.

See Options.Range for details.

Types

type Options

type Options struct {
	// Stable specifies whether to visit message fields and map entries
	// in a stable ordering. If false, then the ordering is undefined and
	// may be non-deterministic.
	//
	// Message fields are visited in ascending order by field number.
	// Map entries are visited in ascending order, where
	// boolean keys are ordered such that false sorts before true,
	// numeric keys are ordered based on the numeric value, and
	// string keys are lexicographically ordered by Unicode codepoints.
	Stable bool

	// Resolver is used for looking up types when expanding google.protobuf.Any
	// messages. If nil, this defaults to using protoregistry.GlobalTypes.
	// To prevent expansion of Any messages, pass an empty protoregistry.Types:
	//
	//	Options{Resolver: (*protoregistry.Types)(nil)}
	//
	Resolver interface {
		protoregistry.ExtensionTypeResolver
		protoregistry.MessageTypeResolver
	}
}

Options configures traversal of a message value tree.

func (Options) Range

func (o Options) Range(m protoreflect.Message, push, pop func(protopath.Values) error) error

Range performs a depth-first traversal over reachable values in a message. The first push and the last pop are to push/pop a protopath.Root step. If push or pop return any non-nil error (other than Break or Terminate), it terminates the traversal and is returned by Range.

The rules for traversing a message is as follows:

• For messages, iterate over every populated known and extension field. Each field is preceded by a push of a protopath.FieldAccess step, followed by recursive application of the rules on the field value, and succeeded by a pop of that step. If the message has unknown fields, then push an protopath.UnknownAccess step followed immediately by pop of that step.

• As an exception to the above rule, if the current message is a google.protobuf.Any message, expand the underlying message (if resolvable). The expanded message is preceded by a push of a protopath.AnyExpand step, followed by recursive application of the rules on the underlying message, and succeeded by a pop of that step. Mutations to the expanded message are written back to the Any message when popping back out.

• For lists, iterate over every element. Each element is preceded by a push of a protopath.ListIndex step, followed by recursive application of the rules on the list element, and succeeded by a pop of that step.

• For maps, iterate over every entry. Each entry is preceded by a push of a protopath.MapIndex step, followed by recursive application of the rules on the map entry value, and succeeded by a pop of that step.

Mutations should only be made to the last value, otherwise the effects on traversal will be undefined. If the mutation is made to the last value during to a push, then the effects of the mutation will affect traversal. For example, if the last value is currently a message, and the push function populates a few fields in that message, then the newly modified fields will be traversed.

The protopath.Values provided to push functions is only valid until the corresponding pop call and the values provided to a pop call is only valid for the duration of the pop call itself.

Source Files

Jump to

Keyboard shortcuts

? : This menu
/ : Search site
f or F : Jump to
t or T : Toggle theme light dark auto