Package timestamppb contains generated types for google/protobuf/timestamp.proto.

The Timestamp message represents a timestamp, an instant in time since the Unix epoch (January 1st, 1970).

Conversion to a Go Time

The AsTime method can be used to convert a Timestamp message to a standard Go time.Time value in UTC:

t := ts.AsTime()
... // make use of t as a time.Time

Converting to a time.Time is a common operation so that the extensive set of time-based operations provided by the time package can be leveraged. See for more information.

The AsTime method performs the conversion on a best-effort basis. Timestamps with denormal values (e.g., nanoseconds beyond 0 and 99999999, inclusive) are normalized during the conversion to a time.Time. To manually check for invalid Timestamps per the documented limitations in timestamp.proto, additionally call the CheckValid method:

if err := ts.CheckValid(); err != nil {
	... // handle error

Conversion from a Go Time

The timestamppb.New function can be used to construct a Timestamp message from a standard Go time.Time value:

ts := timestamppb.New(t)
... // make use of ts as a *timestamppb.Timestamp

In order to construct a Timestamp representing the current time, use Now:

ts := timestamppb.Now()
... // make use of ts as a *timestamppb.Timestamp



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View Source
var File_google_protobuf_timestamp_proto protoreflect.FileDescriptor


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type Timestamp

type Timestamp struct {

	// Represents seconds of UTC time since Unix epoch
	// 1970-01-01T00:00:00Z. Must be from 0001-01-01T00:00:00Z to
	// 9999-12-31T23:59:59Z inclusive.
	Seconds int64 `protobuf:"varint,1,opt,name=seconds,proto3" json:"seconds,omitempty"`
	// Non-negative fractions of a second at nanosecond resolution. Negative
	// second values with fractions must still have non-negative nanos values
	// that count forward in time. Must be from 0 to 999,999,999
	// inclusive.
	Nanos int32 `protobuf:"varint,2,opt,name=nanos,proto3" json:"nanos,omitempty"`
	// contains filtered or unexported fields

    A Timestamp represents a point in time independent of any time zone or local calendar, encoded as a count of seconds and fractions of seconds at nanosecond resolution. The count is relative to an epoch at UTC midnight on January 1, 1970, in the proleptic Gregorian calendar which extends the Gregorian calendar backwards to year one.

    All minutes are 60 seconds long. Leap seconds are "smeared" so that no leap second table is needed for interpretation, using a [24-hour linear smear](

    The range is from 0001-01-01T00:00:00Z to 9999-12-31T23:59:59.999999999Z. By restricting to that range, we ensure that we can convert to and from [RFC 3339]( date strings.

    # Examples

    Example 1: Compute Timestamp from POSIX `time()`.

    Timestamp timestamp;

    Example 2: Compute Timestamp from POSIX `gettimeofday()`.

    struct timeval tv;
    gettimeofday(&tv, NULL);
    Timestamp timestamp;
    timestamp.set_nanos(tv.tv_usec * 1000);

    Example 3: Compute Timestamp from Win32 `GetSystemTimeAsFileTime()`.

    FILETIME ft;
    UINT64 ticks = (((UINT64)ft.dwHighDateTime) << 32) | ft.dwLowDateTime;
    // A Windows tick is 100 nanoseconds. Windows epoch 1601-01-01T00:00:00Z
    // is 11644473600 seconds before Unix epoch 1970-01-01T00:00:00Z.
    Timestamp timestamp;
    timestamp.set_seconds((INT64) ((ticks / 10000000) - 11644473600LL));
    timestamp.set_nanos((INT32) ((ticks % 10000000) * 100));

    Example 4: Compute Timestamp from Java `System.currentTimeMillis()`.

    long millis = System.currentTimeMillis();
    Timestamp timestamp = Timestamp.newBuilder().setSeconds(millis / 1000)
        .setNanos((int) ((millis % 1000) * 1000000)).build();

    Example 5: Compute Timestamp from Java ``.

    Instant now =;
    Timestamp timestamp =

    Example 6: Compute Timestamp from current time in Python.

    timestamp = Timestamp()

    # JSON Mapping

    In JSON format, the Timestamp type is encoded as a string in the [RFC 3339]( format. That is, the format is "{year}-{month}-{day}T{hour}:{min}:{sec}[.{frac_sec}]Z" where {year} is always expressed using four digits while {month}, {day}, {hour}, {min}, and {sec} are zero-padded to two digits each. The fractional seconds, which can go up to 9 digits (i.e. up to 1 nanosecond resolution), are optional. The "Z" suffix indicates the timezone ("UTC"); the timezone is required. A proto3 JSON serializer should always use UTC (as indicated by "Z") when printing the Timestamp type and a proto3 JSON parser should be able to accept both UTC and other timezones (as indicated by an offset).

    For example, "2017-01-15T01:30:15.01Z" encodes 15.01 seconds past 01:30 UTC on January 15, 2017.

    In JavaScript, one can convert a Date object to this format using the standard [toISOString()]( method. In Python, a standard `datetime.datetime` object can be converted to this format using [`strftime`]( with the time format spec '%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%S.%fZ'. Likewise, in Java, one can use the Joda Time's [`ISODateTimeFormat.dateTime()`]( ) to obtain a formatter capable of generating timestamps in this format.

    func New

    func New(t time.Time) *Timestamp

      New constructs a new Timestamp from the provided time.Time.

      func Now

      func Now() *Timestamp

        Now constructs a new Timestamp from the current time.

        func (*Timestamp) AsTime

        func (x *Timestamp) AsTime() time.Time

          AsTime converts x to a time.Time.

          func (*Timestamp) CheckValid

          func (x *Timestamp) CheckValid() error

            CheckValid returns an error if the timestamp is invalid. In particular, it checks whether the value represents a date that is in the range of 0001-01-01T00:00:00Z to 9999-12-31T23:59:59Z inclusive. An error is reported for a nil Timestamp.

            func (*Timestamp) Descriptor

            func (*Timestamp) Descriptor() ([]byte, []int)

              Deprecated: Use Timestamp.ProtoReflect.Descriptor instead.

              func (*Timestamp) GetNanos

              func (x *Timestamp) GetNanos() int32

              func (*Timestamp) GetSeconds

              func (x *Timestamp) GetSeconds() int64

              func (*Timestamp) IsValid

              func (x *Timestamp) IsValid() bool

                IsValid reports whether the timestamp is valid. It is equivalent to CheckValid == nil.

                func (*Timestamp) ProtoMessage

                func (*Timestamp) ProtoMessage()

                func (*Timestamp) ProtoReflect

                func (x *Timestamp) ProtoReflect() protoreflect.Message

                func (*Timestamp) Reset

                func (x *Timestamp) Reset()

                func (*Timestamp) String

                func (x *Timestamp) String() string

                Source Files